Title:
DEEP SOIL MIXING EQUIPMENT AND METHOD
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
This invention relates generally to mixing deep soil with a ground or floating based rig system with a single or multi-axial system. In one example embodiment methods, apparatus, and systems are described for deep soil mixing tools or rigs with a rotary axial design, namely with more than one axial mixing elements and associated structures, such that a purpose may be to provide for ground modification improvement.



Inventors:
Takeshima, Shigeru (San Carlos, CA, US)
Application Number:
15/378047
Publication Date:
06/15/2017
Filing Date:
12/14/2016
Assignee:
JAFEC USA, Inc. (San Jose, CA, US)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E02D3/12; E02D5/36; E02D27/52
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
ARMSTRONG, KYLE
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PATENT2IP LLC (PLEASANTON, CA, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A ground modification system comprising: an axial system, with at least one axial, wherein each axial comprises of at least one section, wherein: at least one high torque motor provides motion to at least one axial, each axial bores at least one bore of any depth/diameter, each axial has at least a top section, a middle section and a bottom section, wherein at least: the top section excavates soil and connects to the at least one motor, the middle section excavates soil and supports the axials to an external structure through a mounting system, the bottom section is comprised of a bit section, wherein the bit section includes at least one blade and at least one cutting head, at least one external structure, wherein: the external structure communicatively supports the axial system in relation to a surface plane via the mounting system, the axial system is housed on the external structure comprised of at least one physical support and at least one control connection to the axial system, the mounting system allows the axials to move.

2. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein, at least one motor rotates at least one axial.

3. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein, at least one motor is electric.

4. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: at least one axial is hollow to allow a solidification material to be flowed through each axial.

5. A ground modification system as in claim 4, wherein: there is at least one port/outlet at any point along the length of the axial to allow for the solidification material to be injected into the bore.

6. A ground modification system as in claim 5, wherein: the solidification material is introduced under pressure wherein the material will flow out of the axial and into the bore.

7. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: at least one section of the axial forms an auger screw design to excavate soil out of the bore.

8. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: the mounting system contains a friction reducing device that allow the axials to rotate without interference from the mounting system.

9. A ground modification system as in claim 8, wherein: the mounting system can be at any length of the axial.

10. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: the bottom bit section includes at least one subsection, wherein the subsections couple together through corresponding extrusions and recesses, and transfer force.

11. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: at least one blade in the bit section allows for the cutting and excavating of soil and mixing of the solidification material.

12. A ground modification system as in claim 11, wherein: at least one blade in the bit section contains at least one extrusion which further aids in the cutting and excavating of soil and mixing of the solidification material.

13. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: the external system is moveable.

14. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: the external system is a land based crane/vehicle or a water based vessel.

15. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: the bores overlap, wherein: overlapping axials and sections do not interfere with each other.

16. A ground modification system comprising: an axial system, with at least four axials, wherein each axial comprises of at least one section, wherein: at least four high torque electric motors or hydraulic motorsrotateat least four axials, each axial bores at least one bore of any depth/diameter each axial is hollow with at least one port/outlet at any point along the length of the axial to allow for a solidification material to be injected into the bore under pressure, each axial has at least a top section, a middle section and a bottom section, wherein at least: the top section excavates soil via an auger screw design and connects to at least one electric motor, the middle section excavates soil and supports the axials to an external structure through a mounting system, the bottom section is comprised of a bit section, wherein the bit section includes at least one blade and at least one cutting head, and wherein the bottom section includes at least one subsection, wherein: the subsections couple together through corresponding extrusions and recesses and transfer force, at least one support allows the adjacent axials to be connected, at least one external structure, wherein: the external structure communicatively supports the axial system in relation to a surface plane via the mounting system, the axial system is housed on the external structure comprised of at least one physical support and at least one control connection to the axial system, the mounting system allows the axials to rotate via a friction limiting device, the external structure is a movable land based crane/vehicle or water based vessel.

17. A ground modification system as in claim 16, wherein: the diameter of axial bores is greater than 3.5 feet.

18. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: at least one blade in the bit section allows for the cutting and excavating of soil and mixing of the solidification material.

19. A ground modification system as in claim 11, wherein: at least one blade in the bit section contains at least one extrusion which further aids in the cutting and excavating of soil and mixing of the solidification material.

20. A ground modification system as in claim 1, wherein: the bores overlap, wherein: overlapping axials and sections do not interfere with each other.

Description:

This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/267,896 filed on Dec. 15, 2015, entitled DEEP SOIL MIXING EQUIPMENT AND METHOD (JAF003/PRO), which are all incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD OF TECHNOLOGY

This disclosure relates generally to mixing deep soil with a ground or floating based rig system with a single or multi-axial system. In one example embodiment methods, apparatus, and systems are described for deep soil mixing tools or rigs with a rotary axial design, namely with more than one axial mixing elements and associated structures.

BACKGROUND

Within many fields, notably within ground modification, ground improvement and soil stabilization, such as for excavation support, seepage control, bearing capacity improvement, settlement control, lateral resistance, subterranean wall support, mixing of soil, as well as many other varied ground modification methods, boring, excavation of soil or ground material and filling with a material such as a solidification material is necessary. To accomplish this, many varied equipment are necessitated, of which can become expensive, time consuming and logistically taxing. To accomplish the aforementioned, digging, boring or excavating soil, and filling the resulting bore, requires many man hours and increasingly numerous amounts of differing equipment, including equipment to bore or dig, equipment to excavate, equipment to fill, etc. Exacerbating this, is the location and environment that the ground modification usually exists in. Ground modification, more often than not, takes place in busy ports, construction yards, or other areas where space or access is limited. As well as this, many ground modification projects may include time sensitivity, such as for emergency soil modification in areas where erosion risk is great or other aspects such as underground seepage possess a threat, such as a dam or in a construction area. Having the numerous different type of machinery and equipment reach and be housed in the area to be modified may be difficult due to the remote or treacherous location or due to an overarching construction project where space is limited. As well as this, and more notably, subterranean modification and resulting subterranean structures have a need to be continuously created or in quick succession, especially between steps such as digging, excavating and filling, as in the structure of boring, especially below the water table, the bore may fill with undesirable liquid such as water or an undesirable slurry, such as mud, ruining the ability for solidification material to be efficient and provide strength. With current equipment, a quick succession of equipment becomes necessary, clogging the area and providing logistical problems, as equipment is changed in and out, which reduces efficiency or may not even be possible within the time constraints. This causes projects to become increasingly difficult and require complex and tedious planning and equipment logistics.

Thus, a system, apparatus or method is necessitated that is able to bore, excavate, mix and fill subterranean bores, in as little processes as possible, for a more efficient ability to provide ground modification.

SUMMARY

Disclosed are methods, apparatus, and systems that provide a deep soil modification tool or rig with an axial design, notably with more than one axial. The deep soil modification equipment may be able to bore or dig into any type of soil and in any environment in varied locations and for varied purposes. These may include for ground modification including load bearing capacity improvement, settlement control such as within areas with underlying water tables, lateral resistance increases, liquefaction mitigation in areas where slurry or other underground areas may be undesirable for a purpose.

The method apparatus or systems may be housed on an external structure of which may be land based such as a crane, or water based such as a floating platform or ship, such as a barge. The ground modification rig may be of any height and design, but specifically may include multiple rotary axials. The axials may be housed in a relation between the ground and crane as to be able to be lowered and raised in relation to the ground, water, or intended modification location. As such, the apparatus, which may be connected to a structure such as a crane, at a plurality of different points, both for physical support as well as providing a basis for electrical connections or control connections, of which also may be wireless, to an operator housed in the structure, or in a remote control area. The ground modification apparatus may be of any height or width, and be lowered or raised through any method such as a cantilever, pulley or other system or method of raising or lower the axial system. The axial system, may be housed wherein there is one axial, or more the one axial, arranged in line, or other arrangement such as a square or rectangular arrangement, and so that each axial may rotate independently of each other. The axials, may connect directly such as a direct drive, through a transmission or gear reduction, or through another method such as a continuously variable transmission to a motor system, of which each axial may have a sole corresponding motor, or multiple axials may share a motor, and in any combination. With the preferred embodiment, each axial having a corresponding motor, of which is connected to a generator mounted on the structure, or in a remote location of which allows the axials to be driven so they rotate.

The axials may be spun in any direction so that the axials may provide the most efficient work, such as rotating clockwise in conjunction with an end bit that most efficiently bores in the clockwise direction. The axials may be of any design and may be broken into sections. Along the length of each axial and each section may be different extrusions, bits or designs for a purpose such as an auger screw design or smooth side cylinder for one section of which aides in the boring and mixing capabilities of the device. For instance the top section may be an augur screw design with helps mix and excavate soil out of the bore hole. The lowest section may be a bit, or special purpose section. The special purpose section bit, may be broken up into sub-sections for specific uses, and the design may change by the use, soil, environment etc. The lower sub-section of the bit, may be of a design that breaks through rock, or provides for a better mixing ability such as to granulate the soil, or make the soil easier to be excavated. Each section may couple or key together through any means such as a corresponding extrusion in one section and recess in another in which the extrusion keys into the recess such as a hex design, of which may transfer torque or rotation further along the axial.

The bits may encompass further extrusions, to further mix the spoil, granulate the soil or otherwise breakup the soil. The bit section may have an opening such as a port or hole of which a material such as solidification material, water or other material such as a slurry may be introduced to the hole being bored. This material such as a cement slurry, can backfill the bore and be mixed with soils, to provide for ground modification and improvement as well a strength for load dispersal. The material, which may also be water or another lubrication material, such as a simple mud slurry, may aide in the excavation and boring. There may be a plurality of ports of which material is deposited. The axial along its interior length, may be hollow to allow the material to flow from a source, of which may be connected in any method, such as a flexible hose to the structure and through the use of a joint to allow the axial to rotating while not binding with the hose. The slurry may be introduced at the top of the axial, providing a simple gravity feed for the material to exit out of the holes in the bottom section bit area. There may also be other methods of which the material is introduced, such as positive pressure designs and other various methods.

Any section may be provided with a span of material between axials, such as a cross brace, that provides support. The axials in the preferred embodiment may be aligned four wide and in a manner where the bore holed may overlap. The overlapping axials may also be arranged in a way wherein their extrusions or screws do not bind or otherwise interfere with each other while still providing overlapping coverage or boring area.

The axials and extrusions may be of any width, and in a preferred embodiment may be greater than 3.5 feet and may be arranged lengthwise to provide for a solid subterranean wall, or spread out which may be filled to provide for a soil solidification such that also the bore becomes any size, but may in a preferred embodiment be larger than 3.5 feet.

The methods and systems disclosed herein may be implemented in any means for achieving various aspects. Other features will be apparent from the accompanying drawings and from the detailed description that follows.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a side view of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with more than one axial mounted on a land based moveable structure, such as a crane.

FIG. 2 is a front view of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with more than one axial mounted on a land based moveable structure, such as a crane.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with more than one axial mounted on a sea based moveable structure, such as a barge

FIG. 4 is a sectional front view of the bit section of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with at least two axial rotors.

FIG. 5 is a sectional front view of the bit section of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with at least four axial rotors.

FIGS. 6a, 6b, and 6c are each an exploded front view of the bit section of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with at least two axial rotors.

FIG. 6d is a sectional front view of the exploded bit sections of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with at least two axial rotors.

FIGS. 7a, 7b, and 7c are each an exploded side view of the bit section of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with at least two axial rotors.

FIG. 7d is a sectional side view of the exploded bit sections of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with at least two axial rotors.

FIG. 8 is an exploded close-up perspective view of an exploded bit section of an embodiment of the rotary axial system.

FIG. 9 is a side view of the rotary axials attached to a land based moveable structure such as a tractor wherein a representation of an embodiment of the rotary axial system with at least two axial rotors.

FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional diagram of a method or system for digging, excavating or boring in an embodiment of the rotary axial system with one or more rotors.

FIG. 11a, 11b, 11c, 11d, 11e, 11f and 11g are each a diagram of a boring pattern for an embodiment of the rotary axial system with one or more rotors.

FIGS. 12a and 12b are each a diagram of a boring pattern for an embodiment of the rotary axial system with one or more rotors.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION AND EMBODIMENTS

Disclosed are methods, apparatus, and systems that may provide an efficient method, system or apparatus to provide for ground modification such as deep soil mixing and ground improvement including an rotary axial system which may have one or multiple axials, and of which provides an ability to bore a single, separate or overlapping plurality of bores into a ground material, using an multi-section axial with section such as a multi sectioned bit, excavating section, support section etc. The axial may excavate the material, and provide a slurry output into the cavity bored using the axial as a delivery apparatus and with outputs within the bit.

Although the present embodiments have been described with reference to specific example embodiments, it will be evident that various modifications and changes may be made to these embodiments without departing from the broader spirit and scope of the various embodiments. It should be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art that the terms describing processes, products, element, or methods are industry terms and may refer to similar alternatives. In addition, the components shown in the figures, their connections, couples, and relationships, and their functions, are meant to be exemplary only, and are not meant to limit the embodiments described herein.

Example embodiments are illustrated by way of example and are not limited to the figures of the accompanying drawings, in which, like references indicate similar elements

Disclosed are methods, apparatus, and systems that provide a deep soil modification tool or rig with axial rotary design, namely with more than one axial mixers. The deep soil modification tools and rigs may be able to bore or dig into many different types of soils and environments in varied locations and for varied reasons. These may include improvement for soil and land including bearing capacity improvement, settlement control such as within areas with underlying water tables, lateral resistance increases, liquefaction mitigation in areas where slurry or other underground areas may be undesirable for a purpose.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system including load bearing capacity improvement, settlement control such as within areas with underlying water tables, lateral resistance increases, liquefaction mitigation in areas where slurry or other underground areas may be undesirable for a purpose.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention may relate to a deep soil ground modification system.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be land based.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be water based, such as on a barge or ship.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be crane borne.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be crane borne and land based.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may crane borne and based on a floating platform or ship, such as a barge.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be housed, hoisted, mounted or otherwise position on any system or vehicle, such as on a truck, crane, tractor, or any moving vehicle, whether land, sea or air based.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be housed, hoisted, mounted or otherwise positioned on any system including permanent structures or non-moving structures, such as a gantry or other permanent, semi-permanent or portable structures such as a portable gantry system or portable, semi-permanent or permanent building structures.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be of any overall height, width or design, one skilled in the art would foresee.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be made of any material and of multiple materials of which the material used in each piece or subsection is catered to the use of the section, such as steel for strength, aluminum for light weight and strength etc.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be compartmentalized into sections, each section providing a certain use such as a crane section, housing the system, a bit section providing a boring ability, an auger system providing excavation abilities, a motor system providing motion to the axials, etc.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be sectionalized to provide a certain ability and each section and subsection being made of differing materials and design for a purpose, such as a crane gantry being made of high strength steel for strength, the bit section being made of a high strength alloy for hardness and longevity, the motor section being made of aluminum for lightweight purposes, etc.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on a rotary axial system.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on a rotary axial system with one or more axials.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system with four or more axials.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials themselves, or the axial system including the motor or motors and individual hardware may be housed so that they may raise and lower in relation to the housing, ground or any relation as to provide for a function, such as boring a hole.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the system may be raised, lowered or positioned horizontally or vertically in relation to a material, such as the ground material, via any method, such as a motor based system, gear system, cantilever system, pulley, positioning of the structure or vehicle of which the system is mounted upon, or through any other process which one skilled in the art would reason.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be connected via a mounting system to a structure. The mounting system may be positional or adjustable, and may provide for more than one contact point or structure points, such as beams or arms which hold a superstructure of the axial system, and connect to the structure of a crane or other structure.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be connected via a mounting system to a structure wherein the mounting system may be adjustable such that the downward force of the axials can be controlled in order to maintain the stability of the bores.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be connected via a mounting system to a structure wherein the mounting system may be adjustable such that the downward force of the axials can be reduced at any length of the mounting system to maintain the stability of the bores.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be mounted to a structure, and has more than one electrical connections, control connections, or other connections, of which may consist of high or low voltage power transmission to provide for an electrical system to the axials, such as an electrical source to provide power for the rotary axial motors, data connections or control connections such as to connect to a computer system, sensor system or other system, or to manual controls used by the operator to operate the axial system. One or more of the aforementioned connections may be wireless, and also one or more of the connections may be hydraulic, vacuum or other methods.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may have a connection system that may connect to an electrical source on the structure in which the axial system is housed on, such as a diesel power generator housed on the crane in which the axial system is mounted upon. The connection may be made to a remote power system, such as to a portable diesel generator or a local grid power supply or other power supply. The data or control connection source may be remote such as atop a remote control station, or to a network, which may be controlled remotely over the internet or over other network, internet or intranet system, or provide a direct wireless control for the control system.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system of which may be mobile or non-mobile.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials through any method are able to bore in a 90 degree fixed angle in relation to the ground horizontal.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials through any method are able to bore in a degree angle, which is fixed, within the range 30 to 90 degrees in relation to the ground horizontal, creating bores of any particular shape or design.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials through any method are able to bore in any varying angle in relation to the ground or any axis.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials through any method are able to bore in any varying angle in relation to the ground, wherein the axials bore at a horizontal or parallel axis in relation to ground, for example to bore into the wall of the pit in which the present invention is positioned in.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system of which may be mobile or non-mobile and may be land based, air based or water based.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system where there may be more than one axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system where there may be more than one axial arranged in a line.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system where there may be more than one axial arranged in a square, circle or any arrangement.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system where there may be more than one axial and of which the axials rotate independently of each other.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials may be connected to a motor.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor and wherein the motor may be of any design such as an electric motor, combustion motor or any other type of motor such as a hydraulic motor.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor wherein the motor may be of an electric motor such as permanent magnet motor with DC or AC power.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor wherein the motor may be of a hydraulic motor.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor wherein the motor may be of a pneumatic motor.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor wherein the motor may be of an any type and designated as high torque by one skilled in the art. This high torque values may be known by an expert in the art, but for example may be in a range of 10 to 1,000,000 nm of torque.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor wherein the motor may be of an any type and designated as high torque by one skilled in the art such as

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor wherein the motor of any type may operate at any rpm.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor wherein the motor of any type may have a variable rpm.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor through a direct drive.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials are connected to a motor through a gear reduction interface such as a transfer case, transmission or a non-gear reduction interface.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein each axial has a respective motor.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein one or more axials share a respective motor.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein one or more axials share a respective motor in any combination.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that in a preferred embodiment may be based on an axial system wherein there are more than one axials arranged in a line wherein each axial is connected via direct drive to an electric motor which is fed electrical power through a power connection from the structure and of which through a control or data circuit, the axials are controlled such as height, rotation speed, bore rate, excavate rate etc.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials may rotate in a clockwise direction.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials may rotate in a counter-clockwise direction.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials may rotate in the same direction.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials may rotate in different directions.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a number of the axials may rotate in one direction and a number of other axials my rotate in another direction. For example, the axials are in a line, the first axial may rotate clockwise, the second rotate counter clockwise, and the third rotate clockwise, or wherein the first axial may rotate clockwise, the second may rotate clockwise, and the third rotate counter clockwise.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials may rotate in a direction which bores or performs a purpose in the most efficient method.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein there are one or more axials rotating and one or more axials stopped.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein an axial may be sectioned along the axial's length.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be at a fixed distance along the axial's length and may be permanently attached such as by welding.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be at a variable distance along the axial's length and may be adjusted depending on the terrain, soil, or other for purposes.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein an axial may have different sections for specific purposes.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein each section is for a specific purpose, such as a top section for an excavating function, a middle section for a mounting function, and a bottom section for a boring function.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein there may be more than one section.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as the top section, extrudes out of the top motor housing, and extends along the majority of the length of the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as the top section may be a smooth exterior bore.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as the top section may be have extrusions, such as to create an auger screw.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as the top section may have extrusions such as to excavate soil upward and out of the bore.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as the top section may be have extrusions such as to further the boring of the axial into the ground material.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as a middle section, or other section, wherein the section may have supports between the axials.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as a middle section, or other section, may have supports to the structure the system is mounted upon.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a section, such as a middle section, or other section, may have supports between the axials and the structure the system is mounted upon.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the support may extrude from the system it is mounted upon such as a truss or cantilever mount.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the supports may be fixed or adjustable in terms of the angle, distance or other location of the axials.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a support may extrude from the system it is mounted upon and of which connects to the axials via bearings, grease joints, sleeves or any other friction limiting device, so that the axials may rotate without interference or friction from the support and mount.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein a support may provide a structure for the axials from bending, or provide upward or downward motion to adjust the axis.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials may vibrate in the vertical direction.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein in the bit section there may be blades, as aforementioned and any plurality of paddles.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial blades along any subsection of the bottom bit may have extrusions such as paddles that allow the blades to oscillate in the vertical direction.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial blades may be curved or angled in a direction that produces bores in the most efficient method.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the rotors may be at least two different rotors arranged vertically, where each of their axes are parallel in respect to the rotational axis and wherein the rotors may be bi-rotor, tri-rotor, or any plurality of rotors.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial rotor system of the top section may exist with rotary axial of the middle section forming an excavating auger screw design, of which may rotate with the bits/bottom section attached to the rotors of which may rotate, dig, excavate, mix or place material, such as a solidification material into a bore or bores.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial rotors may also include motors of which each axial in the bit section has a respective motor.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial rotors may be positioned at any length of the axials and may include transmission or other gearing structures, such that the gearing, transmission structures may be such that the rotors, paddles or structures on each bit may not interact, hit or contact the adjacent axial's bits or structures.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial rotors may be supported via trusses coupled to the structures such as the crane or to other axials which may be along any length of the rotors or bits as well as between structures on the system themselves.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial rotors may be supported via trusses which may include bearings or other devices to reduce friction between the axial and the truss.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein there may be more than one axial, such as four axials, and where in the axials may be rotated. The axials, while rotating, may in relation to each other rotate in a fixed rotation speed or position to one another, wherein the axials rotate at the same speed, such as for the axial bits, paddles and effectors to not interfere with each other. This may, for instance, provide overlapping axial abilities for overlapping bores. This may also be such that the axials, paddles and effectors may mesh while rotating. It is noted that this also may be provided in tiered axial effectors and bits, wherein in the overlapping bore area the effectors or paddles that overlap may not overlap in the same vertical position at a given time, such that the effectors or paddles do not interfere with one another. It is noted in a preferred embodiment, this is provided through an electronic or other timing means, because in a preferred embodiment each axial has a respective individual motor, but also may be done through gearing or any other known methods.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different sections, and each section may have subsection.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit such as a boring bit or other design for boring or excavating.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may have extrusions for excavating or pulverizing the soil in order to aid the middle and top section in excavation, mixing the added material which may be for solidification purposes, or other purposes. It is noted that each section may perform any of the aforementioned function, such as the top section excavating or pulverizing the soil.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may have an output or port at the base of the section for injecting the added material which may be for solidification purposes, or other purposes.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may have extrusions that may be of a design that breaks through rock, or provides for a better mixing ability such as to granulate the soil, or make the soil easier to be excavated, or distributes and blends the added material for solidification purposes.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the each sub-section in the bit section may couple or key together through any means such as a corresponding extrusion in one section and recess in another in which the extrusion keys into the recess such as a hex design, or any other shape, and may include the ability to lock, or permanently attached such as through a bolt or other connective system such as a pin.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the each sub-section in the bit section may couple or key together through any means and of which may transfer torque or rotation further along the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a middle section wherein the middle section may have supports between the adjacent axials to aid in the stability of the axials.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a top section wherein the top section may have extrusions such as axial blades that form paddles to aid boring.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may have extrusions such as a circular head with a cutting blade or saw edge to aid boring.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may have extrusions such as a conical head to create bores of variable diameters.

The axials and extrusions may be of any width, and in a preferred embodiment may be greater than 3.5 feet and may be arranged lengthwise to provide for a solid subterranean wall, or spread out which may be filled to provide for a soil solidification. The diameter of the axials, appendages, paddles and bits may be any size, but in a preferred embodiment may be such that such that the bit section with appendages, paddles etc., may have a diameter of 3.5 or greater, such that an industry terms may be “large bore” and wherein also the bore becomes any size, but may in a preferred embodiment be larger than 3.5 feet.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section has a purpose, such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may have extrusions such as axial blades that form paddles to aid boring

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sub-sections wherein each section may be hollow and of which the axial at specific points may have outputs or holes that may allow the material to flow out of the hollow cavity and fill the bore which may be for solidification purposes, or other purposes.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial blades of any sub-section of the bit system may have extrusions such as teeth, a cutting edge, blades, barrels, etc.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different section such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit wherein each section of the bit interlocks, such as an extrusion from one section, into a recess in the next, of which also may transfer circular motion or torque, or may rotate freely or independently of each other.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different sections wherein each section may have subsections, and wherein each section, or subsection may be alike, similar or different from other sections or subsections in structure or purpose.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different sections such as one middle section having support that connects to an adjacent axial, or wherein the support connects to the structure wherein the system is mounted.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different sections, such as a bottom section wherein the bottom section may be a bit made of different sections and wherein bottom section has extrusions which hasten the ability to bore, drill or breakup the ground material of which extrusions have a fashioned design that aids in the efficiency or purpose.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different sections, wherein the sections may have different interchangeable parts, to aid in the efficiency of the digging or drilling such as the bottom drilling section having interchanging bits to aid in replacing worn bit heads.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial is made of different sections, wherein the sections may have different interchangeable parts and of which each section or sub section may be made of a different material or construction.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow along its entire length.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial sections and subsection may be hollow so when connected, create a single axial that is hollow along its entire length.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow throughout the sections such as when the section are together, the sections form one continuous internal recess along the length of the axials.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow such that a connection may be made between the axial and a source of slurry or other material, such as a solidification material such as cement can be introduced at the connection and flow to the bit section of the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow such that a connection may be made at the top of the axial so a source of slurry or other material, such as a solidification material such as cement can be introduced at the connection and flow to the bit section of the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow such that a connection may be made through a sleeve or joint so a source of slurry or other material, such as a solidification material such as cement can be introduced at the connection and flow to the bit section of the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow such that a connection may be made through a sleeve or joint so a source of slurry or other material, such as a solidification material such as concrete can be introduced at the connection and flow to the bit section of the axial and wherein the axial is not hollow in the area or section, not between the source of material, and the top of the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow so material may be introduced or flowed in the recess.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow of which material may be introduced or flowed in the recess under a pressure such as a high pressure.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow of which material may be introduced or flowed in the recess under a pressure such as a low pressure.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow of which material may be introduced or flowed in the recess at a pressure higher than the surrounding pressure environment so that the slurry or material, may flow out of the axial and into the bore.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow of which material may be introduced or flowed in the recess with a gravity assisted flow.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow of which material may be introduced or flowed at any volume or rate.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow of which material may be introduced or flowed at a variable volume or rate.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow of which material may be introduced or flowed at a variable volume or rate depending on the purpose or need as determined by the operator, sensors or management computer, whether automatically or manually.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may inductee a material such that gravity may aide in the material to run along the length of the axial so that it may exit the recess at the lower section of the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial has a hollow interior recess and of which a material may be introduced so that the material flows down the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow and of which the axial at specific points may have outputs or ports that may allow the material to flow out of the hollow recess and into the bore.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow and of which the axial at specific points may have outputs or ports of any plurality, size, type, shape or design.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow and of which the axial at specific points may have outputs or ports of any plurality, size, type, shape or design wherein the characteristics determine the flow rate or other characteristics of the material being introduced to the bore.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may be hollow and output may exist at any location in any of the sections.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may introduce a material to the bore.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may introduce a material such as a solidification material, such as concrete, cement or any other material.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may introduce a material such as a liquefying material such as water which may aide in mixing, boring or excavating.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may introduce a material of which the material may be semi-permanent or permanent and may aid in the purpose of the system such as for ground modification such as grout injection for ground strengthening.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial may introduce a material.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein more than one axial overlaps at a certain distance with another axial, so that their extrusions do not hit or bind, but the bores overlap to form a continuous bore.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein more than one axial overlaps at a certain distance with another axial and their extrusions do not hit or bind via gearing, fixed rotation speed, or computer manipulation.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein there may be at least two or more axial blades in the same plane.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein at least there may be one more axial on one cylindrical axial support compared to the adjacent axial support.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein at least there may be one less axial on one cylindrical axial support compared to the adjacent axial support.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axials and extrusions may be of any circumference or width.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground in a pattern.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities at any depth such as 60 feet.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern such as a rectangle of any number of bores wide and any number of bores

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in pattern such as a circular pattern with any number of bores as a circumference.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern such as a line with any number of bores long.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern as to provide a certain function such as a line to form a subterranean wall or a cylinder to provide ground strengthening.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern such as a concentric ring or design

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to dig, bore or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern that may support an above ground structure such as a concentric circle pattern to strengthen or improve the ground so that an above ground structure situated in the circle pattern, such as a building foundation pillar or a bridge support pillar, may transfer weight on the bored and filled hole.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern to provide a purpose.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground by boring cylindrical cavities in a pattern such as to provide a semi-permeable subterranean wall for control of water or water seepage.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground by increasing the stability of a retaining structure or bottom of an excavation.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground by forming a foundation for concrete, steel or other structures.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground by forming a foundation for quay walls, breakwater structures, or other structures.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground in any location.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground onshore, at any depth.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground off shore, at any depth.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground off shore wherein the water level is of any depth and the bore height is at any depth.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground in any types of soil or ground condition such as dirt, soil, sandstone, or any type or characteristic of rock.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system is used to bore, dig or otherwise modify the soil or ground off shore, of which the ground or soil is of any type or characteristic such as sand, silt, rock, slurry or mud.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system may require a constant, semi-constant or intermediary supply of slurry to the axial.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system may have a slurry batch plant connected, wherein the plant may be situated on the structure in which the system is connected to, such as on the barge or crane or on a remote site, such as auxiliary barge or crane.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system may wherein the slurry batch plant may perform all tasks in performing the solidification material, some of the tasks, or none of the tasks, wherein the slurry is piped from other sources for use in the present invention.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the slurry plant is connected to the system via pipes or other connecting structures such as conveyors, trucks, tractors, etc. and such that the axial system receives the slurry when necessitated.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system and slurry plant may work in a system wherein feedback loops, sensors, computer operators or any other machinery or devices may dictate the machine use. This may include torque indicators or sensors, rotation indicators for the axial, depth and speed indicators, measurements such as from pressure sensors, discharge sensors, flow sensors, management computers, operator inputs, wherein an operator may monitor or change variables and system processes such as rotation speed and penetration and withdrawal rate and other variables such as material volume, duration, etc.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system and slurry plant may work in a system with control for quality control through feedback systems, networks and users.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system and slurry plant may work in a system wherein the system may be manually or automatically controlled.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system may include a quality control system.

In one or more embodiments, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system that may be based on an axial system wherein the axial system may include a quality control system such as a system wherein the aforementioned sensors are able to determine the proper speed of the axial or change any variables one skilled in the art would foresee for a necessitated purpose.

In a preferred embodiment, in addition to the above and below embodiments, the present invention relates to a ground modification system including a rotary axial system which there may be four axials, and of which provides an ability to bore into a ground material, using a multi-section axial. Each section may be for specific purposes, such as a top section characterized by an auger screw style for excavating function, a middle section which may mount the system on a crane and may also connect to the axials via bearings to limit friction and wherein the mounting system may be adjustable, and a bottom section for a boring function wherein there may be a cutting edge on the axials to make the soil easier to be excavated. The axial system may be connected to motor system providing motion to the axials via an electric bi-rotor wherein the axials rotate independently of each other and the axes of the rotors are parallel in relation to the rotation axis. The axials may be hollow and may have outputs that may allow the solidification material to flow out the axial and into the bore under a high pressure.

In a preferred embodiment, in addition to the above and below embodiments the present invention, which may be apparatus, method or system, may provide for boring to specific depth, wherein the present invention cuts soil and excavates soil creating at least one bores, of which may overlap bored to a specific depth, wherein the soil is excavated and a mixture of soil and solidification material is entered into the bore, mixed and allowed to solidify, and wherein the ground may then be improved or modified.

FIG. 1 is a side perspective view of an example embodiment of the present invention with associated structure. FIG. 1 teaches towards the rotary axial system aforementioned and previously described mounted in a preferred embodiment on a land based vehicle or station of which may be able to move, or may be in a fixed position such as a crane 101. FIG. 1 teaches towards 101, a system, such as on a truck, crane, tractor, or any moving vehicle, whether land, sea or air based wherein the axial system is mounted on. The axial rotor system 100 may exist with rotary axial section 102 forming an excavating auger screw design, of which may rotate with the bits section 103 attached to the rotors of which may rotate, dig, excavate, or place material, such as a solidification material into a bore or bores 104.

FIG. 2 is a front perspective view of an example embodiment of the present invention with associated structure such as a crane 201. FIG. 2 teaches towards the axial system 200 aforementioned and previously described mounted in a preferred embodiment onto a land based vehicle. FIG. 1 teaches towards 201, a system such as a truck, crane, tractor, or any moving or stationary vehicle. Axial system 200 includes rotary axial section 202 having a helical extrusions to form an auger screw to aid in digging, boring, excavating or other means. These axial rotors may connect to a bits section 203 of which may provide for further digging action excavating, as previously mentioned. The axial rotors 202 may be of any plurality, and in this embodiment are six across. The axial rotors may also include motors 203 of which each axial has a respective motor. It is noted that the motors may be positioned in another embodiment at any point of the lengths of the axials and can include transmission or other gearing structures. The motors 203 rotate the axial rotors 202 and bits 203. The axial rotors may also be supported via trusses 204a, 204b coupled to the structure such as the crane or to other axials to reduce movement and prevent wear etc., and of which may be along any length of the rotors or bits, and may connect directly to the structure of which the system is mounted on, as well as between structures on the system themselves. The truss may include bearings or other devices to reduce friction between the axial and the truss. Connections or wires 205, which may include power connections, data or command connections, or other types of connections such as hydraulic connections may run from a source, such as on the structure which the system is mounted on, or other sources to feed control, power or other needs to the rotor system.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an alternate embodiment of the present invention. In this alternate embodiment, the axial system is mounted on floating platform such as a barge 301. The axial system teaches towards a smooth sided axials 302 and wherein the axials are positioned under water wherein they may bore, excavate, dig or deposit material such as solidification material into bores 304. 303 structure mount provides structure to hoist or otherwise position the axial system above the area to be bored 305 using power generated from a generator 370.

FIG. 4 is a front view of the bit system as presented in an embodiment of the present invention rotary axial system. The bit section 403 may include connected to one or more axials 411 and may include support structures 412a, 412b and 412c of which the axials and bits may be suspended or mounted via bearings 415 or other means, to each other or to the structure on which the axials are mounted such as a crane. The bearings may allow the axials to move relative to the bearing, support or sleeve so that the support is stationary with the structure such as the crane, and the axials can bore down into the ground material. The axial system may have bits of which include extrusions 413a, 413b, and 413c of which may be designed in any method to provide for a particular function which may include digging, boring excavating, mixing or any other function. The bit extrusions may be along any length of the axial and any width and have features such as teeth 413b. The axials may also have ports such as lower port 414a and upper port 414b of which may allow material, such as solidification material to escape from a recess or other transport method such as hose, within the axial and may be under pressure or not under pressure, such as gravity fed to exit the axial, and provide for material, solidification material or for other purposes such as water to ease cutting of the bit etc.

FIG. 5 is a front view of the bit system as presented in an embodiment of the present invention rotary axial system. The bit section 503 may include one or more axial rotaries such as four axials in the current embodiment 503. The system may include support 512a, support 512b and support 512c that may connect the axials via a coupling such as a bearing, sleeve or other device to reduce friction but provide for support in any directional as the rotary is moved, bores, excavates or deposits material in the ground. The supports may also connect and provide strength and structure to the bit and axial system by connecting to a structure that is permanent or moveable such as a crane, tractor, barge or other structure or device. The axial system may include extrusions 513a, 513b, and 513c, of which may be of any plurality shape and design in addition to that which is shown, to aide in boring, digging, excavating, mixing or any method necessitated by the user. Ports 514a, 514b, and 514c, also may be of any plurality, diameter, and may connect with to an internal hole, recess or pipe, of which material such as solidification material may travel from a source, to be deposited, or mixed into the bore hole as a strengthening material for load dispersal.

FIGS. 6a, 6b and 6c are sectionalized front views of the bit system in an embodiment of the present invention rotary axial system. FIG. 6a may be a top section of the bit section, FIG. 6b may be a middle section of the bit section and FIG. 6c may be a bottom section of the bit section. In another embodiment the bit section may have three or less, or three or more sub sections, of which each section can provide the same purpose or different purposes, and of which the separation may provide for ease of transportation, or other benefits such as provide for ease of replacement of defective, broken or worn parts, or ease of switching bit styles or types for different purposes needed of the particular bit section, such changing bit sections depending on the content of the soil. FIG. 6a specifically provides for the embodiment of the top bit section 603a wherein 612a may be the support or truss as aforementioned in other embodiments with extrusions 613a. Extrusions 621 may provide a structure to connect the particular section to another section and to transfer rotation or torque from the motors through each structure. The mechanism may be a key system, wherein a male extrusion such as 621a may key into a female recess such as 622a and wherein the design allows for transfer of rotation such as through a hex design. The design may be a hex design, or any other shape, and may include the ability to lock, or permanently attached such as through a bolt or other connective system such as a pin. FIG. 6b displays 621b of which may key into recess 622a, connecting the two separate sections of the bit. Also displayed are extrusion 613a, supports 612b and additional recess 622b. The coupling structures such as 622a and 621b may be structured as to provide a seal between 622a and 621b wherein the internal recess, hose or other mechanism in which material, such as solicitation material, may flow unimpeded to ports 614b and 614c in FIG. 6c, FIG. 6c also describe the aforementioned ports 614c as well as extrusions 613c and key 622a.

FIG. 6D is a front view of the bit system in an assembled form as in an embodiment of the rotary axial system. Sections 603a, 603b and 603c are coupled as aforementioned and wherein rotation may rotate the entire bit sections necessitated by the operator. It is noted that the plurality of sections may be of any number, and the coupling style may be of any type one skilled in the art may find to be suitable wherein, the preferred and exampled method is that of a hexagonal key system as shown.

FIGS. 7a, 7b and 7c are each a disassembled side view of the bit section in an embodiment of the rotary axial system. Sections 703a, 703b, and 703c may represent a top, middle and bottom sub-section of the bit section, of which may also couple together through an aforementioned key system via extrusions 721a, 721b, and 721c fitting in respective recessive 722b and 722a, as well as with other portions of the structure, such as 721a extrusion to transfer rotational force as well as provide for a continuous recess, hose or other structure wherein material may travel the output ports 714b and 714.

FIG. 7d is an assembled side view of the bit system in an embodiment of the rotary axial system. Sections 703a, 703b and 703c may represent the aforementioned sections and as exampled couple together to form a single bit section wherein rotational force may be transferred and sued by the bits, as well as a material such as a solidification material.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of an embodiment a bit that may be in the rotary axial system. Extrusions 821 may be of any shape, plurality or design, and may include extrusions 813 of which may further bore, excavate, mix or dig, and of which shape, design or plurality may be vary. Port 814 may be fed material such as a solidification material through process 852 of which may be under pressure, not under pressure, or may be gravity fed. Extrusion 821 may be of an hexagonal shape as in the drawing or of any design to allow for a connection between sections and sub sections of which one section connects or keys into another, such as another section extrusion fitting into recess 822.

FIG. 9 is a side perspective view of the bit system mounted on a station in an embodiment of the present invention. The rotary axial system aforementioned and previously described is mounted in the preferred embodiment on a land based vehicle or station of which may be able to move, or may be in a fixed position. FIG. 9 teaches towards 901, a support system in which the axial is mounted on and further connects to the system, such as on a truck, crane, tractor, or any moving vehicle, whether land, sea or air based. Mounting system 901 connects to axial system 903 via bearings, grease joints, sleeves or any other friction limiting device, so that the axials may rotate without interference or friction from the support and mount. The mounting system may be positional or adjustable, and may provide more than one contact point or structure points connect to the structure of a crane 904 or other structure. The axial rotor system 901 may exist with rotary axial section 902 forming an excavating auger screw design, of which may rotate with the bits section 903 attached to the rotors of which may rotate, dig, excavate, or place material, such as a solidification material into a bore or bores.

FIG. 10 is a cross section perspective view of an embodiment of the rotary axial system 1001 in different stages of use. The system 1001a is shown above ground 1051, prior to preforming an action such as boring, excavating or depositing material. 1001b teaches towards the present invention digging or boring into the ground material 1051 at a specific depth, with 1001c teaching towards a final depth of the system. 1001d teaches towards after boring or digging to a specified depth, depositing a material such as a solidification material 1053 as the axial system retreats from the bore. It is noted that the system may deposit material while the system stays immersed in the material to aid in the mixing and solidification of the material and once a certain characteristic such as by mixing is reached, the system may retreat upward, before the material fully solidifies. System 1001e teaches a bore that is completely filled with material 1053 and with the system 1001e retracted out of the bore.

FIG. 11a, 11b, 11c, 11d, 11e, 11f and 11g are above view diagrams of patterns of bores that may be dug, excavated, bored or filled by an embodiment of the present invention rotary axial system. FIG. 11a teaches towards a pattern wherein the bores are arranged in a non-overlapping fashion and wherein the pattern may be a square. It is noted that the aforementioned pattern and any later mentioned pattern may also be a rectangle, polygon or any other patterned shape for any purpose as well as be in a combination of pattern, size design, plurality or use. FIG. 11b teaches towards a pattern wherein the bores overlap in each row, but do not overlap in each column. The overlapping rows may prove a basis for creating an underground non-permeable structure for subterranean water control, erosion control or any other use. FIG. 11c teaches towards where some bores overlap both in each column and in each row, and where some overlap solely in a column. It is noted that is other embodiments, any combination may be used, such as overlapping columns and no overlapping rows, etc. FIG. 11d displays a 6 sided square configuration wherein there may or may not be overlap between bores such as cell type bores with overlap. It is also noted that the bores may be of a different size or spacing. Another embodiment may teach towards overlapping bores. FIG. 11e teaches towards a circular pattern with no overlap and same sized bores. FIG. 11f teaches towards a pattern with overlapping columns, different sized bores, and multiple sections of bores. FIG. 11g teaches towards a circular pattern with no overlapping bore, differing sized bores, including a large central bore. It is also noted that the bores may be randomized for a given area or they may also be in a non-uniform pattern due to soil, ground or other conditions.

FIGS. 12a and 12b are above view diagrams of patterns of bores that may be dug, excavated, bored or filled by an embodiment of the present invention rotary axial system. FIG. 12a teaches towards a pattern wherein the bores are arranged in a box pattern, wherein the box pattern includes a multitude of sectional areas, wherein the box pattern may isolate interior areas from one another, as well as provide increased strength, such as load bearing capacity, as well as isolations such as multiple barrier walls or tiered barrier walls for subterranean seepage or erosion.

FIG. 12b show tiered lines of bores, wherein the bores in a given column overlap and provide for strengthening of a particular area, such as in a levee. In the example embodiment the present invention soil improvement may be enlisted to and provides bores wherein a levee is then strengthened and able to provide better protection of a protected side from a flood side, etc.

For instance, the main purpose of the present invention panels or bores is to provide shear resistance to the levee against lateral loads at high flood water condition. The present invention panels or bores support the additional vertical load created by the increased height of the levee for hurricane protection and control the long-term settlement of the remediated levee, which might otherwise occur due to the compression of soft foundation soils.

The design of the bores may be towards a specific purpose such as the aforementioned water or erosion control, but also to provide support for above ground or above water features or structures, such as to distribute the load of a bridge support, or to provide for an anchor support for a floating structure or pier. The system may provide for any ground modification wherein, a need for a distributed load, or wider base than that is provided by the natural or existing ground or ground structures, and can provide for multiple reassess, such as both for load distribution and also erosion control.

In an embodiment, the installation and digging procedure may be such that columns overlap for cutoff wall and shoring walls, such that there is 100% column or bore overlap for cutoff wall continuity, and such that for ground improvement, there is partial overlap for ground improvement. It is also noted that there may be a mixture of overlap sections and non-overlap section such that specific attributes of each may be enlisted, such as the overlap sections aiding in water containment erosion, and the non-overlap aiding in load bearing for a given area.

In an embodiment, there may be a layout design, such as a shear wall panel designed, wherein bores and filling piles may be driven such as in a transverse direction of a levee, such that the levee may be strengthened or remade against floods, water etc.

The methods and systems disclosed herein may be implemented by any means for achieving various aspects. Other features will be apparent from the accompanying drawings and from the detailed description that follows.

A number of embodiments have been described. Nevertheless, it will be understood that various modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the claimed invention. In addition, the logic flows depicted in the figures do not require the particular order shown, or sequential order, to achieve desirable results. In addition, other steps may be provided, or steps may be eliminated, from the described flows, and other components may be added to, or removed from, the described systems. Accordingly, other embodiments are within the scope of the following claims.

It may be appreciated that the various systems, methods, and apparatus disclosed herein may be embodied, and/or may be performed in any order.

The structures and modules in the figures may be shown as distinct and communicating with only a few specific structures and not others. The structures may be merged with each other, may perform overlapping functions, and may communicate with other structures not shown to be connected in the figures. Accordingly, the specification and/or drawings may be regarded in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense.