Title:
A MULTI-PURPOSE CHANNEL FOR ROOF, FACADE PANELS
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A multi-purpose channels which are placed inside a roof panel and a facade panel, which are used as roof, facade coating material or dividing wall, during production step. By means of this channel or channels, the carrying capacity of both roof panel and facade panel will be affected positively, and the roof panel and the facade panel can be used as a part of the systems for fire extinguishing, providing resistance against fire, heating, cooling, air conditioning, acoustic and decorative, cabling which provides audio, light, visual, information and electrical conduction.



Inventors:
Pekel, Cuneyt (Istanbul, TR)
Application Number:
15/021656
Publication Date:
08/11/2016
Filing Date:
09/11/2014
Assignee:
PEKEL Cuneyt
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E04C2/52; E04B1/94; E04B2/00; E04C2/296; E04C2/32; E04C2/34; E04D3/34
View Patent Images:
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Foreign References:
EP03917881990-10-10
Primary Examiner:
FONSECA, JESSIE T
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Bayramoglu Law Offices LLC (Henderson, NV, US)
Claims:
1. 1.-9. (canceled)

10. A roof panel which is developed in order to be used as roof coating material in the buildings and which has a composite structure comprising: a lower metal sheet of the panel which is flat, an upper metal sheet of the panel, a thermal insulation material which cuts the direct contact between the upper metal sheet of the panel and the lower metal sheet of the panel, and which provides a composite behavioral property such that it enables the panel to have a load bearing ability higher than the total of load bearing abilities of each component of the panel alone by adhering tightly to the metal sheets from their inner surfaces, a channel which is provided on the lower metal sheet of the panel of the roof panel as one or in a plurality of numbers in a way such that it continues uninterruptedly along the direction of the long edge of the roof panel and surrounds the whole interior as connected to the inner surface and which is suitable for multi-purpose use and which enables a protruding structure to be formed on the upper metal sheet of the panel along, a plurality of gutters which are provided on the upper metal sheet of the panel in order to reinforce the load bearing capacity and which are formed via the thermal insulation material positioned on the channel, and which span the surface area of the upper metal sheet of the panel that covers the thermal insulation material uninterruptedly, and which reinforce the load bearing ability of the panel, at least one upper metal layer of the channel which forms a channel inner cavity between one part of the lower metal sheet of the panel and itself in a size and shape suitable for its purpose of use, and which thus protects the channel inner cavity from outer factors and forms the channels by being tightly connected with the lower metal sheet of the panel with free fitting, adhesion or interlocking technique according to the purpose of use of the channel, and which is located such that it will come under the gutters and which is placed at a distance from the upper metal sheet of the panel with the thermal insulation material in between, and which adheres to the said thermal insulation material from its own outer surface tightly, such that it will reinforce the composite material feature of the whole panel, and holes which are made on the surface of the lower metal sheet of the panel facing the channel inner cavity in a suitable number, size and shape for inlet-outlet apparatuses or acoustic, decorative requirements depending on the purpose of use of the channel when it is required.

11. A facade panel which is developed in order to be used as facade coating material in the buildings and which has a composite structure comprising: a lower metal sheet of the panel which is flat, an upper metal sheet of the panel which is flat, a thermal insulation material which cuts the direct contact between the upper metal sheet of the panel and the lower metal sheet of the panel, and which provides a composite behavioral property such that it enables the panel to have a load bearing ability higher than the total of load bearing abilities of each component of the panel alone by adhering tightly to the metal sheets from their inner surfaces, a channel which is provided on the lower metal sheet of the panel of the facade panel as one or in a plurality of numbers in a way such that it continues uninterruptedly along the direction of the long edge of the facade panel and surrounds the whole interior as connected to the inner surface and which is suitable for multi-purpose use, at least one upper metal layer of the channel which forms a channel inner cavity between one part of the lower metal sheet of the panel and itself in a size and shape suitable for its purpose of use, and which thus protects the channel inner cavity from outer factors and forms the channels by being tightly connected with the lower metal sheet of the panel with free fitting, adhesion or interlocking technique according to the purpose of use of the channel and which is placed at a distance from the upper metal sheet of the panel with the thermal insulation material in between, and which adheres to the said thermal insulation material from its own outer surface tightly, such that it will reinforce the composite material feature of the whole panel, and holes which are made on the surface of the lower metal sheet of the panel facing the channel inner cavity in a suitable number, size and shape for inlet-outlet apparatuses or acoustic, decorative requirements depending on the purpose of use of the channel when it is required.

12. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the channel which is formed in triangle, trapezoid, rectangle, square, semi-circle shapes or in shapes derived from these forms according to the purpose of use.

13. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the channels are suitable for being used as a part of systems for the purpose of one or more of: fire extinguishing, providing resistance against fire, heating, cooling, air conditioning, acoustics and decorative use, cabling for audio, light, visual, and information flow and electricity transmission; and which allow the passage of the assembly related with these systems therein or the placement of materials with the acoustic or high fire resistance features therein.

14. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein solutions for a plurality of purposes can be developed by means of channels providing solutions in accordance with a plurality of requirements inside each one of the roof panels and the facade panels, and which has the flexibility to form multi-requirement arrangement patterns even if there is only one channel on each roof panel and facade panel and when the channels in the roof and facade panels are brought next to each other, each channel being directed to a single purpose or to a plurality of purposes.

15. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the thermal insulation material injected between two metals and tightly adhering to the metal surfaces is polyurethane or its derivative.

16. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the thermal insulation material injected between two metals and tightly adhering to the metal surfaces is rock wool or its derivative.

17. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the channel which has covers enabling it to cover both ends when it is required.

18. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the channel which provides fire resistance to the panel provided that they are filled with highly fire resistant material.

19. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the lower metal sheet of the panel which is also used as the lower metal layer of the channel at the same time with its one part passing under the channel.

20. The roof panel according to claim 10, wherein the channel formed by the connection of the upper metal layer of the channel and the lower metal sheet of the panel adheres to each other by means of the gutter form of the thermal insulation material between the channel and the upper metal sheet of the panel, which shows the composite behavior and thus increases the surface resistance.

21. The roof panel according to claim 10, used in inclined surfaces as roof panels.

22. The facade panel according to claim 11, used in vertical surfaces as facade panels.

23. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein the channel which is formed in triangle, trapezoid, rectangle, square, semi-circle shapes or in shapes derived from these forms according to the purpose of use.

24. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein the channels are suitable for being used as a part of systems for the purpose of one or more of: fire extinguishing, providing resistance against fire, heating, cooling, air conditioning, acoustics and decorative use, cabling for audio, light, visual, and information flow and electricity transmission; and which allow the passage of the assembly related with these systems therein or the placement of materials with the acoustic or high fire resistance features therein.

25. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein solutions for a plurality of purposes can be developed by means of channels providing solutions in accordance with a plurality of requirements inside each one of the roof panels and the facade panels, and which has the flexibility to form multi-requirement arrangement patterns even if there is only one channel on each roof panel and facade panel and when the channels in the roof and facade panels are brought next to each other, each channel being directed to a single purpose or to a plurality of purposes.

26. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein the thermal insulation material injected between two metals and tightly adhering to the metal surfaces is polyurethane or its derivative.

27. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein the thermal insulation material injected between two metals and tightly adhering to the metal surfaces is rock wool or its derivative.

28. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein the channel which has covers enabling it to cover both ends when it is required.

29. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein the channel which provides fire resistance to the panel provided that they are filled with highly fire resistant material.

30. The facade panel according to claim 11, wherein the lower metal sheet of the panel which is also used as the lower metal layer of the channel at the same time with its one part passing under the channel.

Description:

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to one or a plurality of multi-purpose channels to be used in panels as facing material or dividing wall.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The panels mentioned here and used as roof and facing material was defined in TS EN 14509: 2009 published on March 2010 with the name of Self-Carrying Double Sided Metal Coating Insulation Panels-Manufactured in. Factory by TSE. These panels are formed by adhering polyurethane or its equivalent injected between to appropriately formed two metals (mostly painted galvanized sheet plate or aluminum) in a suitable thickness to the metal surfaces below and above after formed in a desired thickness, or hot adhesion of rock wool or its equivalent put in these lower and upper metals according to its technique to these metals tightly.

The panels exhibit a composite behavior such that they will have a higher load carrying capacity than the total load carry capacities of three components (upper metal+heat insulation material+upper metal) separately in this state. They are manufactured in width of approximately 1 meter and in length of up to 12 meters depending on orders or longer in the factories in continuous lines. There are 2, 3, 4 or more gutters on the upper metal in order to reinforce carrying capacity in roof panels, the lower metal is flat such that it will include small gutters which provide surface strength and are not deep. Both upper and lower metals of the facade panel are manufactured flatly comprising small gutters which are not deep in order to provide surface strength. Facade panels can sometimes be used as facing coating as well as being used as interior dividing wall. The panels can be used horizontal or vertical in facades of the buildings.

In interiors of the buildings the roofs and facades of which are coated with these panels, solutions requiring additional time, material, labor and cost are required for cabling for fire extinguishing, cooling, heating, air conditioning, acoustic needs or audio, light, visual, information and electrical purposes, and mostly they also cause visual pollution.

On the other hand, when polyurethane based thermal insulation material forms the internal thickness of the panel, the panels do not have sufficient strength against many high qualities of the polyurethane such as high thermal insulation, strong adhesion and like.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The objective of the present invention is to provide the channel or channels inside the panel thickness, which become a part of the systems required to be mounted

    • for the solution of the requirements of
    • fire extinguishing,
    • providing resistance against fire,
    • heating, cooling, air conditioning,
    • acoustic and decorative,
    • cabling which provides audio, light, visual, information and electrical conduction;

or which will allow passage of the assembly related with these therein or placement of materials having high fire resistance therein.

Therefore, a ready to use solution will be provided which can be used as multipurpose without creating visual pollution and requiring an additional effort and cost for needs mentioned above in interiors of the buildings coated with the roof, facade panels disclosed here.

DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

FIG. 1 is the perspective view of the usage of roof, facade panels in a building.

FIG. 2 is the perspective view of the roof panel with four gutters.

FIG. 3 is the perspective view of the roof panel with three gutters.

FIG. 4 is the perspective view of the facade panel.

FIG. 5 is the view of 1 channel in transverse cross sectional drawing of the roof panel with three gutters.

FIG. 6 is the view of 2 channels in transverse cross sectional drawing of the roof panel with four gutters.

FIG. 7 is the view of 3 channels in transverse cross sectional drawing of the roof panel with five gutters.

FIG. 8 is the view of attached channels next to each other in transverse cross sectional drawing of the roof panel with four gutters.

FIG. 9 is the view of attached channels next to each other in transverse cross sectional drawing of the facade panel.

FIG. 10 is the detailed cross sectional view of a channel corresponding under the gutter in a roof panel.

FIG. 11 is the detailed cross sectional view of attached channels next to each other in a facade panel.

FIG. 12 is the various examples for channel forms and applications.

FIG. 13 is the detailed perspective view of a channel corresponding under the gutter in a roof panel and the assembly passing therein.

FIG. 14 is the detailed perspective view of attached channels next to each other in a facade panel.

THE REFERENCES FROM THE FIGURES

  • 1. Panel upper metal
  • 11. Gutter
  • 2. Thermal insulation material
  • 3. Channel
  • 31. Channel upper metal
  • 32. Assembly passing through the channel
  • 33. The hole made on the lower surface of the channel
  • 4—Panel lower metal
  • A. Roof panel
  • B. Facade panel

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The inventive channel (3) is attached to the panel lower metal (4) inside the thicknesses of roof panel (A) and facade panel (4), it is present as one or more than one and continues uninterruptedly along the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B). The locations, forms and sizes of this channel (3) or channels (3): inside the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B) are formed considering valid technical calculation methods in this subject and purposes of use of the channels (3) (FIG. 12). Each channel (3) is comprised of a channel upper metal (31), which is formed such that it will form a channel (3) inner cavity, and a part of panel lower metal (4) below tightly connected to the said channel upper metal (31). This connection can be cramp connection at the channel (3) edges of both two metals or adhesion from channel (3) edges or one freely fitting on to another (FIG. 12). The channels (3) formed in this way are an indispensable part of roof panel (A) and facade panel (B). The channel upper metal (31) is connected with the panel lower metal (4) in this way and forms the channel (3); and it is adhered to the thermal insulation material (2) located on its upper part tightly, and makes the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B) (panel upper metal (1)+thermal insulation material (2)+channel upper metal (31)+channel (3)+panel lower metal (4)) a stronger composite material (FIG. 10-11). The channel (3) shape is triangle, trapezoid, rectangle, square, semi-circle or their derivatives in sizes of required for its purpose of use and such that it will protect the channel (3) from outside factors (FIG. 12).

When the roof panel (A) and the facade panel (B) are put their places as roof and facing material, the channels (3) surround all interior along the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B) as they are attached to their inner surfaces (FIG. 1). Holes (33) may be formed by perforating the panel lower metal (4) according to previous technique when it is shape of a roll such that they will correspond to the surfaces of channels (3) facing the interior, or they may be formed on the channel lower surface from required placed after roof panel (A) or facade panel (B) are manufactured such that they will be in a form and number which will not damage the carrying capacity of the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B). These holes (33) made on the channel lower surface can be for providing acoustic, decorative feature to inner surfaces of roof panel (A) and facade panel (B) by putting or without putting material with acoustic feature inside the channel (3), as well as they can be for inlets and outlets of the assembly (32) passing through the channel (3) related with cabling for fire extinguishing, cooling, heating, air conditioning or audio, visual, information, electric conduction (FIG. 13). Both ends of the channels (3) allow inlet and outlet of related assembly when it is required; they are preferably closed with a metal cover suitable for the technique such that it will provide the desired protection. Therefore the channel (3) itself can be used as becoming a part of fire extinguishing or heating, cooling, air conditioning systems. For this, the places where the systems are connected to the channels (3) and go out of the channels (3) are detailed according to the technique.

Furthermore, the lower surface of the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B) is formed of channels (3) attached next to each other, their interiors are filled with highly fire resistant material, therefore the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B) are enabled to be classified as fire resistant materials (FIG. 8, 9, 11, 14).

Even if there is only one channel (3) on each roof panel (A) and facade panel (B), when these roof panels (A) are put next to each other on the roof and the facade panels (B) are put next to each other on the facade, each one of the channels (3) thereon can be used for different purposes in accordance with the requirements of the interior. Therefore, for example by applying an arrangement pattern such as fire extinguishing/air conditioning/cabling, all roof and facade surface surrounding the interior can become surrounded by channels (3) for the said requirements.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY OF THE INVENTION

The manufacture of channel (3) or channels (3) to serve the abovementioned purposes can be incorporated into the production flow in continuous production lines wherein the roof panel (A) and facade panel (B), and it can also be applicable to the industry.