Title:
EXTERIOR SIDING MOUNTING BRACKETS WITH A WATER DIVERSION DEVICE
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
An exterior siding mounting bracket used in conjunction with siding placed over sheathing of an exterior wall has a base member having a base flange fastened to the sheathing. A wall arrangement projects laterally outward from the base flange and away from the sheathing. A trim member of the bracket has a partition arrangement that preferably snap fits to the wall arrangement and a trim flange constructed and arranged to cover cut edges of the siding that cover in-part the base flange. Integrated at least into the trim member is a water diversion device that diverts water away from the base flange and sheathing. Preferably, the water diversion device has an elongated trough supported by the trim member and projecting laterally inward from the trim flange and toward the base flange and above the wall and partition arrangements. The trough preferably has a face that defines a channel opened upwardly for receipt of the falling water and a hole communicating through the face for drainage of the water out of the water out of the trough.



Inventors:
Bonshor, Dave (Surrey, CA)
Application Number:
13/231598
Publication Date:
01/26/2012
Filing Date:
09/13/2011
Assignee:
TAPCO INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION (Wixom, MI, US)
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
52/97, 52/302.6
International Classes:
E04B1/70; E04B1/64; E04B1/92
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
CHAPMAN, JEANETTE E
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
QUINN IP Law (Northville, MI, US)
Claims:
1. 1.-20. (canceled)

21. An exterior siding mounting bracket for being secured to a substructure and for being orientated substantially vertical and in part generally projecting over siding that covers the substructure, the exterior siding mounting bracket comprising: a base member for attachment to the substructure and including at least one elongated wall for projecting outward from the substructure; a trim member including an outer flange for receiving the siding between the substructure and the outer flange and including an elongated side partition projecting from the outer flange inward toward the base for snap fitting to the at least one elongated wall; and a water diversion device including a trough located above the partition, the trough being supported by the outer flange and projecting toward the base member for receiving and diverting water run-off away from the substructure; the water diversion device including an eave projecting from the base toward the outer flange above the trough for draining water into the trough.

22. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 21 wherein the eave includes an elongated shelf extending between opposite ends and end dams extending from the elongated shelf at the opposite ends.

23. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 22 wherein the elongated shelf is spaced from the outer flange of the trim member.

24. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 22 wherein the eave includes a backsplash that extends between the end dams along the base and is chamfered.

25. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 21 wherein the water diversion device includes at least one hole extending through the outer flange for flowing water out of the trough.

26. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 25 further comprising a concave face of the trough carried in part by the outer flange and defining a cavity opened upwardly and communicating with the at least one hole.

27. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 26 further comprising first and second end dams of the trough carrying in part the concave face.

28. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 21 further comprising a first side portion of the outer flange connected to the side partition, a second side portion of the outer flange connected to the side partition; and a top portion of the outer flange extending between upper ends of the first and second side portions and supporting the trough.

29. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 28 wherein the water diversion device includes at least one hole extending through the outer flange and wherein water draining from the at least one hole travels down at least one of the first and second side portions.

30. An exterior siding mounting bracket for being secured to a substructure and for being orientated substantially vertical and in part generally projecting over siding that covers the substructure, the exterior siding mounting bracket comprising: a base member for attachment to the substructure and having at least one elongated wall for projecting outward from the substructure; a trim member including an outer flange for receiving the siding between the substructure and the outer flange and having an elongated first side partition and an elongated second side partition spaced from the first side partition, the first and second side partitions each extending from the outer flange inward toward the base for snap fitting to the at least one elongated wall; and a water diversion device including a trough located above the first and second side partitions, the trough being supported by the outer flange and projecting toward the base member for receiving and diverting water run-off away from the substructure; the water diversion device including an eave projecting from the base toward the outer flange above the trough for draining water into the trough; and the water diversion device including at least one hole extending through the outer flange for flowing water out of the trough.

31. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 30 wherein the eave includes an elongated shelf extending between opposite ends and end dams extending from the elongated shelf at the opposite ends.

32. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 31 wherein the elongated shelf is spaced from the outer flange of the trim member.

33. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 31 wherein the eave includes a backsplash that extends between the end dams along the base and is chamfered.

34. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 30 further comprising a concave face of the trough carried in part by the outer flange and defining a cavity opened upwardly and communicating with the at least one hole.

35. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 31 further comprising first and second end dams of the trough carrying in part the concave face.

36. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 30 further comprising a first side portion of the outer flange connected to the first side partition, a second side portion of the outer flange connected to the second side partition; and a top portion of the outer flange extending between upper ends of the first and second side portions and supporting the trough so that water draining from the at least one hole travels down at least one of the first and second side portions.

37. An exterior siding mounting bracket for being secured to a substructure and for being orientated substantially vertical and in part generally projecting over siding that covers the substructure, the exterior siding mounting bracket comprising: a base member for attachment to the substructure and including at least one elongated wall for projecting outward from the substructure; a trim member including an outer flange for receiving the siding between the substructure and the outer flange and having an elongated first side partition and an elongated second side partition spaced from the first side partition, the first and second side partitions each extending from the outer flange inward toward the base for snap fitting to the at least one elongated wall; and a water diversion device including a trough located above the partition, the trough being supported by the outer flange and projecting toward the base member for receiving and diverting water run-off away from the substructure; the water diversion device including an eave projecting from the base toward the outer flange above the trough for draining water into the trough; and the water diversion device including at least one hole extending through the outer flange so that water draining from the at least one hole travels down at least one of the first and second side portions.

38. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 37 wherein the eave includes an elongated shelf extending between opposite ends and end dams extending from the elongated shelf at the opposite ends.

39. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 38 wherein the elongated shelf is spaced from the outer flange of the trim member.

40. The exterior siding mounting bracket set forth in claim 38 wherein the eave includes a backsplash that extends between the end dams along the base and is chamfered.

Description:

RELATED APPLICATIONS

The subject patent application is a continuation application of and claims priority to and all the benefits of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12.831,018 filed Jul. 6, 2010, which is a continuation application of and claims priority to and all of the benefits of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/390,154 filed Feb. 20, 2009, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,748,174, which is a divisional application of and claims priority to and all the benefits of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/438,165 filed on May 22, 2006, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,516,578, which claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/682,692 filed on May 20, 2005.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The subject invention generally relates to exterior siding mounting brackets and more particularly to exterior siding mounting brackets having an integrated water diversion device.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Especially common in residential building structures, exterior walls or underlayment are known to be covered with a siding material typically made of aluminum, plastic, cedar or other synthetic material often made to appear like wood. Often, various exterior appendages of the home such as drying vents, exterior light fixtures, electrical outlets, and water spigots must be trimmed-out for aesthetic reasons. This is commonly done with a mounting bracket similar to that illustrated in FIG. 1 as prior art and disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,920,708 and incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. The known bracket 20 has a base member 22 that snap fits to a trim member 24 along an axis 26 disposed perpendicular to the underlayment and during assembly. The base member 22 has a continuous flange 28 that projects radially outward and is typically nailed to the underlayment. Projecting axially or laterally outward from the flange 28 and to an inner central panel 30 is a continuous wall 32. Generally, the wall 32 defines the perimeter of the central panel 30. A cutout 34 communicates through the panel 30 and has a shape generally dictated by the appendage projecting through it (not shown).

The trim member 24 has a continuous partition 36 that projects laterally and axially inward toward the base member 22, and a aesthetically pleasing flange 38 that projects radially outward from the partition 36. An opening 39 is generally defined by the partition 36 and receives the wall 32 and panel 30 when the bracket 20 is assembled. The partition 36 is generally shaped to conform with the wall 32. Multi-positional snap fit features (not shown) are known to be carried between a radially outward surface 40 of the wall 32 and a radially inward surface 42 of the partition 36. When the bracket is assembled, the close proximity of the partition 36 to the wall 32 causes the feature to lock the partition and wall together.

During construction of the building, once the base member 22 is secured to the wall, the siding material is installed over the wall and over the flange 28. The siding, however, must be trimmed so that it is slightly spaced from the continuous wall 32 of the base member 22. This spacing allows room for entry of the continuous partition 36 of the trim piece 24, yet is close enough to the wall so that the ends are aesthetically concealed by the outer flange 38 of the trim member 24 which is substantially flush to the siding. Unfortunately, the siding is typically exposed to rain or water which flows down the siding and beneath the exterior flange 38. This water can accumulate and seep into the concealed ends of the siding and seep further to down the inner flange 28 of the base member 22 exposing the underlayment to moisture. This retain moisture can potentially create a host of problems including the rot of wood, disintegration of simulated materials and the attraction of unwanted insects.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION AND ADVANTAGES

The present invention includes an exterior siding mounting bracket secured to substructure and orientated substantially vertical and in-part generally projecting over siding that covers the substructure. The exterior siding mounting bracket comprises a base member attached to the substructure and having at least one elongated wall projecting laterally outward from the substructure. A trim member has an outer flange with the siding disposed between the substructure and the outer flange. The exterior siding mounting bracket includes an elongated first side partition and an elongated second side partition spaced from the first side partition by a first distance. The first and second side partitions project laterally inward with respect to the substructure and from the outer flange for snap fitting to the at least one elongated wall. A water diversion device has a trough located above the first and second side partitions, supported by the outer flange and projecting laterally toward the substructure for receiving and diverting water run-off away from the substructure. At least one drainage tube of the water diversion device projects unitarily downward from the trough.

Features, advantages and benefits of the present invention include a mounting bracket with improved water shedding capabilities that eliminates the potential of sheathing from being exposed to moisture which could cause damage to structural material and potentially attract unwanted insects. Other advantages include the reduction or elimination of structural maintenance, a bracket design that is relatively simple and robust, and a bracket that is inexpensive to manufacture and easy to install.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other advantages of the present invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a prior art mounting bracket;

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a water diversion device of a mounting bracket embodying the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a perspective front view of a base member of the mounting bracket of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a perspective rear view of a trim member of the mounting bracket;

FIG. 5 is a perspective rear view of the mounting bracket;

FIG. 6 is a front view of the mounting bracket;

FIG. 7 is a cross section of the mounting bracket taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a partial enlarged cross section of the mounting bracket taken from circle 8 of FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a perspective front view of a second embodiment of a trim member of a mounting bracket;

FIG. 10 is a partial enlarged cross section of the trim member taken from circle 10 of FIG. 9;

FIG. 11 is top view of the trim member of the second embodiment;

FIG. 12 is a side view of the trim member of the second embodiment;

FIG. 13 is a perspective view of a water diversion device of a third embodiment of a mounting bracket;

FIG. 14 is a partial enlarged perspective view of the water diversion device taken from circle 14 of FIG. 13;

FIG. 15 is a perspective rear view of the third embodiment with a base member removed to show internal detail;

FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a trim member of the third embodiment; and

FIG. 17 is a cut-away environmental view of the mounting bracket.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

As best illustrated in FIGS. 2-8, a mounting bracket 50 embodying the present invention that preferably fastens to a substructure of an exterior wall is a substantially vertical orientation. The substructure is generally an underlayment or sheathing that is preferably covered with a siding material as shown in FIG. 17. The mounting bracket 50 has a base member 52 that snap fits to a trim member 54 along an axis 56 preferably disposed substantially perpendicular to the underlayment and during assembly. The base member 52 has continuous flange 58 and a preferably continuous wall arrangement 62 (see FIG. 3). The flange 58 projects radially outward from the wall arrangement 62 and is typically nailed to the underlayment. The wall arrangement 62 projects axially or laterally outward from the flange 58 and preferably to an inner central panel 60 spaced from and orientated substantially parallel to the underlayment. Generally, the wall arrangement 62 defines or carries a perimeter 63 of the central panel 60. A cutout 64 communicates through the panel 32 and has a shape generally dictated by the appendage projecting through it (not shown).

The trim member 54 preferably has a continuous partition arrangement 66 that projects laterally and/or axially inward toward the base member 52, and an aesthetically pleasing flange 68 that projects radially outward from the partition arrangement 66. The partition arrangement 66 is generally shaped to conform with the wall arrangement 62. Multi-positional snap fit features (not shown) are preferably carried between a radially outward surface 70 of the wall arrangement 62 and a radially inward surface 72 of the partition arrangement 66. When the bracket 50 is assembled, the close proximity of the partition arrangement 66 to the wall arrangement 62 causes the feature to lock the partition and wall arrangements together at an axial orientation generally dictated by the thickness of the siding.

Referring to FIG. 3, preferably the wall arrangement 62 of the base member 52 forms a rectangular or square shape having a left side wall 74, a right side wall 76, a top wall 78 and a bottom wall 80. The side wall 74, 76 are substantially vertical and the top and bottom wall 78, 80 are substantially horizontal. The top wall 78 extends longitudinally between top ends of respective left and right side walls 74, 76 thus having a longitudinal length that is generally equal to a spatial distance 82 measured between the side walls 74, 76. Similarly, the flange 58 of the base member 52 has a left portion 84 associated with the left side wall 74, a right portion 86 associated with the right side wall 76, a top portion 88 associated with the top wall 78, and preferably a bottom portion 90 associated with the bottom wall 80. One skilled in the art, however, would now realize that the continuous wall arrangement 62 may take the form of any shape including but not limited to that of a circle, oval, octagon and hexagon.

Referring to FIG. 4, preferably the partition arrangement 66 of the trim member 54 conforms in shape to the wall arrangement 62, thus preferably having a left side partition 92, a right side partition 94, a top partition 96 and a bottom partition 98. The side partitions 92, 94 are substantially vertical and the top and bottom partitions 96, 98 are substantially horizontal. Similarly, the flange 68 of the trim member 54 has a left portion 100 associated with the left side partition 92, a right portion 102 associated with the right side partition 94, a top portion 104 associated with the top partition 96, and preferably a bottom portion 106 associated with the bottom partition 98.

A water diversion device 105 catches water shedding off of the siding generally at the top of the mounting bracket 50 and diverts the flow outward and away from the underlayment. Referring to FIG. 2, the water diversion device 105 preferably has an eave 107 and a lower trough 108. Preferably, both the eave 107 and the trough 108 have respective end dams 110, 112 that directs water flow. Water flowing into the eave 107 cascades into the trough 108 where it is preferably directed through first and second holes 114, 116 of the device 105 in the trim flange 68.

The eave 107 has an elongated shelf 118 having opposite ends attached to the respective end dams 110 and a chamfered backsplash 120 that extends longitudinally with the shelf 118 and generally connects with the end dams 110. As best illustrated in FIG. 3, the backsplash 120 of the eave 107 is preferably secured to the top portion 88 of the flange 58 via an adhesive or is injection molded as one unitary plastic piece. If the eave 107 and the base member 52 are one piece, an inward face 122 of the flange 58 may generally act as the backsplash 120. The trough 108 has an elongated bottom segment 124 having opposite ends attached to the respective end dams 112 and an elongated lip 126 that projects laterally upward from and extends longitudinally with the bottom segment 124 and generally connects sealably to the end dams 112. A forward longitudinal edge 128 of the bottom segment 124 is preferably connected to the top portion 104 of the trim flange 68 via a water resistant adhesive. Alternatively, the bottom segment 124 can be integrated into the top partition 96 of the partition arrangement 66 if the trough 108 and the trim member 54 are injection molded as one unitary plastic piece. In either case, the trough 108 carries a generally concave face 130 that defines a water channel 132 that is generally open upward for receipt of water dropping from the eave 107. Water entering the channel 132 then flows out through the communicating holes 114, 116.

The substantially horizontal distance between holes 114, 116 is preferably greater than the distance 82 measured between the side walls 74, 76 of the wall arrangement 62, and preferably less than a horizontal width or distance 139 of the base flange 58. In order for the holes 114, 116 to communicate directly with the channel 132 of the trough 108, the distance between the end dams 112 is greater than the distance between the holes 114, 116. For mounting bracket applications that can adjust to varying thicknesses of siding, such as that disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,918,431 assigned to the assignee of the present invention and incorporated herein by reference in its entirety, the horizontal or lateral width of the trough 108 generally represents the minimum thickness of siding compatible with the mounting bracket 50 (see FIG. 8). Moreover, the width of the eave 107 is less than the width of the trough 108 to assure that the eave 107 does not abut against the trim flange 68 which would undesirable restrict water flow when a minimum siding thickness is applied. However, the width of the eave 107 is large enough to handle the thickness range of siding that the bracket 50 is compatible with. That is, the width of the eave 107 represents the difference in thickness between the maximum and minimum siding thicknesses that the bracket 50 can generally handle with the assembled outcome being the trim flange 68 being substantially flush with an exterior surface of the siding.

During construction of the building and with the sheathing on the exterior wall, the flange 58 of the base member 52 is preferably nailed to the sheathing. The siding material is then installed over the wall and over the base flange 28. The siding, however, must be trimmed or cut to create a gap between the cut ends and the side walls 74, 76 of the continuous wall 62 of the base member 52. This gap allows room for entry of the side partitions 92, 94 of the continuous partition arrangement 66 of the trim member 54, yet is close enough to the wall so that the cut ends are aesthetically concealed by the outer flange 68 of the trim member 54 which is substantially flush to the siding. Similarly, the siding must be appropriately trimmed to cover a portion of the top portion 88 of the base flange 58 but clear enough from the top wall 78 to permit space for the protruding eave 107.

When fully assembled, water drips off of the siding located above the eave 107 and falls into the eave. From there, the water falls into the trough 108 and out the holes 114, 116. After flowing from the holes, the water drips down the exterior face of the left and right side portions 102, 104 of the trim flange 68 where it then sheds upon the exterior face of the siding below or simple falls to the ground clear of the sheathing.

As best illustrated in FIGS. 9-12, a second embodiment of the mounting bracket 50′ is illustrated wherein like elements have like identifying numerals except with the addition of a prime symbol. In the second embodiment, the eave 107 of the first embodiment is not required. Instead, the mounting bracket 50′ has a trough 108′ of a water diversion device 105′ having a resiliently flexible lip 126′ that is biased against a top portion 88′ of a base flange 58′ of a base member (not shown). Preferably, the trim member 54′ and a portion of the trough 108′ is made of injection molded plastic and the lip 126′ is a rubber like material either press fitted to the plastic portion of the trough 108′ or is formed to the trim member 54′ during a dual injection manufacturing process generally known in the art. Preferably, the lip 126′ projects from a shelf 124′ at an angle directed in an upward and inward direction. The width or projection of the lip 126′ is sufficiently large to accommodate a range of siding thicknesses.

As best illustrated in FIGS. 13-16, a third embodiment of the mounting bracket 50″ is illustrated wherein like elements have like identifying numerals except with the addition of a double prime symbol. In this third embodiment, the holes 114, 116 of the first embodiment are not in the top portion 104″ of the trim flange 68″ and instead holes 114″, 116″ are placed in a bottom segment 124″ of a trough 108″ of a water diversion device 105″. Preferably, the holes 114″, 116″ are located at respective ends of the trough 108″ and generally skewed toward the trim flange 68″ as oppose to a base flange (not shown). The holes 114″, 116″ each communicate with respective passages 146 defined by substantially vertical drainage tubes 142, 144 connected to and generally draping down from the bottom segment 124″ thus forming an inverted U-shape. A channel 132″ of the trough 108″ is generally defined by two opposing dam ends 112″, a longitudinal first lip 126″ and a longitudinal second lip 140 disposed opposite the first lip 126″.

In this third embodiment of bracket 50″ the trim flange 68″ is preferably not generally flush with the siding. Instead, an outer peripheral rim 148 projects axially inward from the trim flange 68″ and at a distance to at least partially accommodate the tubes 142, 144. That is, when the bracket 50″ is fully assembly, the siding is generally disposed between the base flange of a base member (not shown) and the tubes 142, 144, and the tubes are generally layered between the left and right portions of the trim flange 68″ and the siding near the cut ends of the siding. Preferably, two notches 150 are cut out from a bottom portion of the rim 148 to permit passage of the distal ends of the respective tubes 142, 144.

During assembly of bracket 50″, the inverted U-shaped trough 108″ and tubes 142, 144 can be draped over the partition arrangement of the trim member 54″ as a third piece of the bracket 50″. Alternatively, portions or all of the trough 108″ and tubes 142, 144 can be integrated or molded into the adjacent trim flange and partition arrangement of the trim member 54″.

The invention has been described in an illustrative manner, and it is to be understood that the terminology which has been used is intended to be in the nature of words of description rather than of limitation. Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. It is, therefore, to be understood that reference numerals are utilized merely for convenience and are not to be limiting in any way, and that the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.