Title:
Factory built energy efficient sustainable building
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The AIA (American Institute of Architects) estimates that 48% of all greenhouse emissions emanate from buildings. By increasing a building's energy efficiency, we can reduce the demand for non-renewable (carbon burning) “grid-based” electrical power. Additionally, there is a need to produce buildings for both residential and commercial use that have a low impact on natural resources and on the environment. It is good stewardship to produce a product that uses sustainable materials, does not pollute the environment, reduces energy demand, and is available and affordable to the mass population.

The present invention relates to energy efficient buildings, built in a factory environment using sustainable materials and energy efficient technologies, from the ground up. These buildings could be rated by the LEED rating system, or similar rating system, and could carry a LEED Silver rating or better. Ideally, all components of this invention should be utilized for maximum environmental impact; however, it is not necessary to implement all elements to practice this invention. These buildings will represent good value to the mass population and provide a product that is greatly needed in the marketplace.




Inventors:
Holguin, Paul Michael (Camp Verde, AZ, US)
Roddan, Allison Collins (Camp Verde, AZ, US)
Application Number:
12/590486
Publication Date:
05/12/2011
Filing Date:
11/09/2009
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
52/220.1
International Classes:
E04H1/00; E04C2/52
View Patent Images:



Other References:
http://www.nextenergynews.com/news1/next-energy-news-toshiba-micro-nuclear-12.17b.html, 12/17/2007
Primary Examiner:
DEMUREN, BABAJIDE A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Paul Michael Holguin (Camp Verde, AZ, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building, having: a floor system, said floor system having a series of connected floor joists and perimeter joists, said joists made from sustainable materials, said joists having a top surface and a bottom surface, an interior surface and an outside surface, insulating material, said insulating material in communication with said interior surface of said floor joists and said perimeter joists, said insulating material made from sustainable materials, a subfloor, said subfloor having a top surface and a bottom surface, said bottom surface of said subfloor being attached to said top surface of said floor joists and said perimeter joists, said subfloor made from sustainable materials, a wall system, said wall system comprised of a series of connected studs and plates, said wall system having a top surface, a bottom surface, an interior surface, an inside surface and an outside surface, said wall system made from sustainable materials, said bottom surface of said wall system is affixed to said top surface of said subfloor, said wall system having insulating material, said insulating material in communication with said interior surface of said studs and said plates of said wall system, said insulating material made from sustainable materials, said wall system having a plurality of wall boards, said wall boards having a front surface and a back surface, said back surface of said wall boards being attached to said inside surface of said studs and said plates of said wall system, said wall boards made from sustainable materials, a wall covering, said wall covering affixed to said front surface of said wall boards, said wall covering made from sustainable materials, said wall system having sheeting, said sheeting having a front surface and a back surface, said back surface of said sheeting is attached to said outside surface of said studs and said plates of said wall system, said sheeting made from sustainable materials, said wall system having an outer covering, said outer covering having a front surface and a back surface, said back surface of said outer covering is attached to said front surface of said sheeting, said outer covering made from sustainable materials, a ceiling system, said ceiling system comprised of a series of connected ceiling joists, said ceiling joists having a top surface and a bottom surface and an interior surface, said ceiling joists being made from sustainable materials, said bottom surface of said ceiling joists being affixed to said top surface of said wall system, said ceiling system having insulating material, said insulating material in communication with said interior surface of said ceiling joists of said ceiling system, said insulating material made from sustainable materials, a plurality of ceiling boards, said ceiling boards having a front surface and a back surface, said back surface of said ceiling boards being attached to said bottom surface of said ceiling joists, said ceiling boards made from sustainable materials, a wall covering, said wall covering affixed to said front surface of said ceiling boards, said wall covering made from sustainable materials.

2. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1, having a roof system, said roof system comprised of connected ceiling joists and roof trusses, said ceiling joists and roof trusses have a top surface and a bottom surface, said bottom surface of said ceiling joist is attached to said top surface of said wall system, said trusses and joists are made from sustainable materials, a roof sheeting, said roof sheeting having a front surface and a back surface, said back surface of said roof sheeting is attached to said top surface of said roof trusses, said roof sheeting made from sustainable materials, a roof covering having a front surface and a back surface, said back surface is attached to said front surface of said roof sheeting, said roof covering is made from sustainable materials, a felt paper is located between said roof covering and said roof sheeting, said felt paper is made from sustainable materials,

3. The Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a floor covering, said floor covering having a top surface and a bottom surface, said bottom surface of said floor covering being attached to said top surface of said subfloor, said floor covering being received between said subfloor and said wall system, said floor covering made from sustainable materials.

4. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a moisture and vermin barrier, said moisture and vermin barrier attached to bottom of said floor joists and perimeter joists, said moisture and vermin barrier made from sustainable materials.

5. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a moisture barrier, said moisture barrier made of sustainable materials said moisture barrier located between the inside surface of said studs and plates of said wall system and said back side of said wall boards of said wall system.

6. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a moisture barrier, said moisture barrier made from sustainable materials, said moisture barrier located between the outside surface of said studs and plates of said wall system and said back side of said sheeting of said wall system.

7. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a moisture barrier, said moisture barrier made from sustainable materials, said moisture barrier located between the bottom surface of said trusses and joists, and the back surface of said ceiling boards of said ceiling system.

8. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a black wastewater system within the building structure, said black wastewater system having of a series of connected black wastewater pipes in communication with the septic fixtures, said black wastewater system discharging black wastewater (organic matter) to a wastewater treatment facility.

9. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a gray water collection system within the building structure, said gray water collection system having a series of connected gray water pipes in communication with the non-septic fixtures, said gray water collection system discharging to a gray water collection and distribution facility.

10. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having an energy efficient hot water heating and distribution system within the building structure, said energy efficient hot water hot water heating and distribution system having a series of connected potable water pipes emanating from said energy efficient hot water heating system, said energy efficient hot water distribution system in communication with faucets and fixtures.

11. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a cold (tepid) water distribution system, said cold water distribution having a series of connected potable water pipes emanating from a water source said water distribution system in communication with faucets and fixtures.

12. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a geo-thermal water distribution system.

13. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having windows, said windows having energy saving properties and made of sustainable materials.

14. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having doors, said doors having energy saving properties and made of sustainable materials.

15. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a high efficiency heating and cooling system said system have control devices.

16. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having an exterior lighting system, said exterior lighting system having energy efficient light fixtures said system having control devices.

17. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having an interior lighting system said lighting system having roof mounted light diffusion devices.

18. The interior light system of claim 17 having control systems attached to said roof mounted light diffusion devices.

19. The interior light system of claim 17 having a light distribution system emanating from said roof mounted light diffusion devices said lighting distribution system consisting of fiber optic bundles emanating from the roof mounted light diffusion devices said fiber optic bundles distributing light.

20. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having standard voltage supplemental lighting for interior lighting, said supplemental lighting using energy efficient bulbs and fixtures and having controls.

21. The interior lighting system of claim 20 having a standard voltage supplemental lighting control system lighting distribution system consisting of fiber optic bundles emanating from the standard voltage supplemental lighting system said fiber optic bundles distributing light.

22. The interior lighting system of claim 20 having a low voltage supplemental lighting system.

23. The interior lighting system of claim 1 having a low voltage supplemental lighting system said low voltage supplemental lighting system having a lighting distribution system.

24. The interior lighting system of claim 23 having a low voltage supplemental lighting system said low voltage supplemental lighting system having a lighting distribution system consisting of low voltage electric wires, said low voltage electric wires emanating from the low voltage supplemental lighting system and distributing light to areas of the building.

25. The interior lighting system of claim 23 having a low voltage supplemental lighting system said low voltage supplemental lighting system having a lighting distribution system consisting of fiber optic bundles, said fiber optic bundles emanating from the low voltage supplemental lighting system and distributing light to areas of the building.

26. The interior lighting system of claim 23 having a low voltage supplemental lighting system said low voltage supplemental lighting system having attached thereto a low voltage supplemental lighting control system.

27. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a fiber optic supplemental lighting system attached to the building structure.

28. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having an on-grid power distribution system.

29. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having an off-grid power distribution system.

30. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 29 having an off-grid power distribution system, said off grid power distribution system being solar.

31. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 29 having an off-grid power distribution system, said off grid power distribution system being wind.

32. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 29 having an off-grid power distribution system, said off grid power distribution system being bio-diesel.

33. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 29 having an off-grid power distribution system, said off grid power distribution system being fuel cell.

34. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 29 having an off-grid power distribution system, said off grid power distribution system being nuclear.

35. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 29 having an off-grid power distribution system, said off grid power distribution system being hydro-electric.

36. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having energy saving appliances compatible with the power distribution system.

37. A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building of claim 1 having a rainwater collection system made of sustainable materials.

Description:

a) CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

None

b) STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERAL SPONSORED R & D

None

c) REFERENCE TO A “MICROFICHE APPENDIX

None

d) BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The AIA (American Institute of Architects) estimates that 48% of all greenhouse emissions emanate from buildings. By increasing a building's energy efficiency, we can reduce the demand for non-renewable (carbon burning) “grid-based” electrical power. Additionally, there is a need to produce buildings for both residential and commercial use that have a low impact on natural resources and on the environment. It is good stewardship to produce a product that uses sustainable materials, does not pollute the environment, reduces energy demand, and is available and affordable to the mass population.

Buildings for residential and commercial applications have been built in factories for more than fifty years. The most common benefit from the factory built process, is that the product produced generally has very high value for its price. Products of high value at low prices can be enjoyed by the mass population, offering them more than they could otherwise afford. The technology required to produce factory built buildings is well known.

We recognize that the world is limited in the amount of natural resources available. By using and destroying material, we consume at a rate far greater than resources can be replenished. Furthermore, by using non-clean methods, we pollute our environment by releasing toxic chemicals into the air and into our waterways. The use of large amounts of energy produced by combustion is not only wasteful, but releases green-house gasses into the environment.

In the past, factory built buildings use very little sustainable materials and energy efficient components as “add-on” features to achieve a “Green” label. Often it is only “eye wash”. The use of such features can only hope to reduce the impact on the environment slightly, and at a high price.

The impact on the environment is of little concern to the building industry. Much of the prior art of the building industry only gives partial consideration to the above concerns. Those products that have real, measurable achievements in energy savings and in sustainable material use do so at a high price.

The United States Green Building Council (USGBC) has recently instituted a LEED-H (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Homes) rating system quantifying green-built residences. The rating system promotes the design and construction of high-performance green homes. A green home uses less energy, water and natural resources, creates less waste, and is healthier and more comfortable for the occupants. Benefits of a LEED-H home include lower energy and water bills. Reduced greenhouse gas emissions. and less exposure to mold, mildew and other indoor toxins. The net cost of owning a LEED-H home is comparable to that of owning a conventional home.

The present invention relates to energy efficient buildings, built in a factory environment using sustainable, recyclable, renewable, or non-toxic materials, from the ground up. These buildings could be rated by the LEED rating system, or similar rating system, and could carry a LEED Silver rating or better. Ideally, all components of this invention should be utilized for maximum environmental impact; however, it is not necessary to implement all elements to practice this invention. These buildings will represent good value to the mass population and provide a product that is greatly needed in the marketplace.

2. Description of Related Art

  • U.S. Pat. No. 5,890,341, Bridges, et al., Apr. 6, 1999, Method Of Constructing A Modular Structure
    This patent accurately describes a building built in a factory, but nowhere refers to the use of energy efficient design, or the use of sustainable materials.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 5,706,615, Bridges, et al., Jan. 13, 1998, Modular structure
    This patent accurately describes a building built in a factory, but nowhere refers to the use of energy efficient design, or the use of sustainable materials.
  • 20070213960, Freet; Patrick A., Sep. 13, 2007, Log.kit building component system
    This patent accurately describes a building component built in a factory, but nowhere refers to the use of energy efficient design, or the use of sustainable materials.

e) SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Objectives And Advantages

The present invention provides a factory built building, residential or commercial, built from sustainable and recycled material and designed with energy efficiency and a carbon neutral footprint from the ground up.

f) DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building

FIG. 2 Floor System

FIG. 3 Wall System

FIG. 4 Ceiling System

FIG. 5 Roof System

FIG. 6 Low Voltage Supplemental Lighting System

FIG. 7 Fiber Optic Supplemental Lighting System

FIG. 8 Off-Grid Power Distribution System

FIG. 9 Off-Grid Power Source

FIG. 10 Other Utilities System

FIG. 11 Energy Saving Appliance System

FIG. 12 Energy Saving Media and Internet System

FIG. 13 Rainwater Collector System

g) DETAILED DESCRIPTION

A Factory Built Energy Efficient Sustainable Building, FIG. 1, is described in the present invention. In the preferred embodiment, the building structure is made of a floor system 10, FIG. 2, that is formed from a series of connected floor joists and perimeter joists 16, all of which may be made from sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, Forest Stewardship Council-Certified Timber (FSC-CT), FSC-CT fabricated web joists, steel or steel products, or ferrous material products. Located within or attached to the joist is insulating material 11, may be may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled denim or other recycled fabric, newspaper cellulose, straw or other plant matter, or recycled plastic or foam. Positioned above and attached to the joist is a subfloor 12 made from a series of panels, sheets, or planks, all may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood, concrete or ceramic, fiberglass or other low- or non-VOC material. Positioned above the subfloor may be a floor covering 13 may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, linseed oil based linoleum or marmoleum, FSC-CT engineered hardwood, bamboo, walnut, stone, or low- or non-VOC carpet or carpet tiles. Positioned below the joist may be a moisture and vermin barrier 14 may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled plastic, low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood, concrete or ceramic, fiberglass or other low- or non-VOC material. In an alternative embodiment, and positioned above the joist may be a moisture and vermin barrier 15 may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled plastic, low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood, concrete or ceramic, fiberglass or other low- or non-VOC material. In a further embodiment, moisture barriers 14 or 15 may be painted on with low- or non-VOC paint, or casein, other organic or natural paints and glues.

A black wastewater collection system may be within the building structure. The black wastewater collection system 20 is made of a series of connected black wastewater pipes 21, emanating from the toilets and kitchen sink fixtures and discharging the black wastewater (organic matter) to the wastewater treatment facility usually located outside the building. These black water pipes may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled plastic.

The building structure may also house a gray water collection system. The gray water collection system 30 is made of a series of connected gray water pipes 31, emanating from the lavatories and sinks, showers, tubs, dishwasher, clothes washer, or other non-septic fixtures, and discharging to the gray water collection and distribution facility. These pipes are may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled plastic.

The building structure may also house a hot water distribution system. The hot water distribution system 40, is made of a series of connected potable water pipes 41, emanating from hot water heating system, such as for example, but not limited to, a high efficiency water heater, a tankless water heater, an on-demand water heater or a solar water heating system, and distributing hot water to faucets and fixtures. The pipes are may be made of material such as for example, but not limited to, copper, CPVC, or PEX.

The building structure may also include a solar water heating system 50, which may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, solar collection panels, plastic, glass or copper pipes.

The building structure may also include a cold (tepid) water distribution system. The cold water distribution system 60, made of a series of connected potable water pipes 61, emanating from a water source, such as for example, but not limited to, city water, well water, water holding tank, water cistern, geothermal water system, or underground or surface water, and distributing water to faucets and fixtures. The pipes are may be made of material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled or virgin copper, PVC, CPVC, or PEX.

In an alternative embodiment, an auxiliary structure could include a geothermal water conditioning system 70, connected to the cold water distribution system, and may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, metal pipe, copper, PVC, CPVC, or PEX.

The building structure may also include a wall system 80, FIG. 3, formed from a series of studs and plates 81, attached to the floor system 10, and may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, Forest Stewardship Council—Certified Timber (FSC-CT), FSC-CT fabricated web studs, steel or steel products, or ferrous material products. Located within or attached to the studs and plates is insulating material 82, may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled denim or other recycled fabric, newspaper cellulose, straw or other plant matter, or recycled plastic or foam. Positioned next to and between the wall board and the interior face of the studs and plates, and attached thereto may be a moisture barrier 83, may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, plastic, rubber, or treated low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood, concrete or ceramic, fiberglass or other low- or non-VOC material. Attached to the interior face of the studs and plates are wall board components 84, which may be made from a series of panels, sheets or boards, all may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, non-mold drywall board or paperless drywall, FSC-CT OSB, plywood or lath, plaster or concrete, fiberglass board, or suitable low- or non-VOC material. Positioned next to and attached to the wall board may be a wall covering 85, which may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, earthen clay products, grass cloth products, low- or non-VOC paints, or casein or other natural paints. In an alternate embodiment, the moisture barrier 83 may be painted on the wall board using low- or non-VOC paint, or casein, other organic or natural paints or glues. Attached to the exterior face of the studs and plates may be a sheathing 86 made from a series of panels, sheets or planks, with or without radiant energy barriers. The sheathing may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, plastic, TechShield™, low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood, concrete or ceramic, foam, fiberglass or other low- or non-VOC material. In an alternate embodiment, and positioned next to and attached to the sheathing may be a moisture barrier 87, that may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, plastic or rubber, paper, foil, treated low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood, concrete or ceramic, fiberglass or other low- or non-VOC material. In a further alternate embodiment, the moisture barrier 87 may be painted on the sheathing. The moisture barrier paint may be may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, low- or non-VOC paint, or casein, other organic or natural paints or glues. Positioned next to the moisture barrier, if one is present, and attached to the exterior face of the studs and plates, is the siding or outer covering 88, all may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood lap or panel siding, concrete board siding, stucco, or ceramic, fiberglass, vinyl or plastic, or other low- or non-VOC materials.

The building structure includes a ceiling system 100, FIG. 4, formed from a series of connected trusses and joists 101 and attached to the wall system 80, and may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, Forest Stewardship Council-Certified Timber (FSC-CT), FSC-CT fabricated web joists, steel or steel products, or ferrous material products. Located within or attached to the trusses and joists is insulating material 102, that may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled denim or other recycled fabric, newspaper cellulose, straw or other plant matter, or recycled plastic or foam. Positioned between the joist or truss and the ceiling board 104 may be a moisture barrier 103 that may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, plastic, treated low- or non-VOC Oriented Strand Board (OSB), FSC-CT Plywood, concrete or ceramic, foam, fiberglass or other low- or non-VOC material. In an alternate embodiment, the moisture barrier 103 may be painted on the ceiling board using a low- or non-VOC paint, or casein, other organic or natural paints and glues. Positioned below the moisture barrier and attached to the trusses and joists may be a ceiling board 104 made from a series of panels, sheets, or planks, all may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, non-mold drywall board or paperless drywall, FSC-CT OSB, plywood or lath, plaster or concrete, fiberglass board, or suitable low- or non-VOC material. Positioned next to and attached to the ceiling wall board is wall covering 105, may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, earthen clay products, grass cloth products, low- or non-VOC paints, or casein or other natural paints.

The building structure may also include a roof system 110, FIG. 5, that is formed from a series of connected trusses and joists 101, all of which are may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, Forest Stewardship Council-Certified Timber (FSC-CT), FSC-CT fabricated web joists, steel or steel products, or ferrous material products. Located within or in communication with the trusses and joists may be an insulating material 102, which may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, recycled denim or other recycled fabric, newspaper cellulose, straw or other plant matter, or recycled plastic or foam. Attached to the trusses and joists may be a radiant energy barrier xx, which may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to TechShield™. Attached to the trusses and joists is roof sheathing 111 made from a series of panels, sheets, or planks, all may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, FSC-CT OSB, plywood or lath, concrete or fiberglass board, TechShield™, or suitable low- or non-VOC material. Attached to the sheathing may be a powered attic fan 112 and/or a series of attic vents 113, which may be made of sustainable or recycled material. Attached to the sheathing may be felt (tar paper) paper 114, which may be made of sustainable or recycled material. Attached to the felt paper may be shingles or other roof covering 115, that may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, steel, tile, recycled plastic and rubber, grass, solar shingles and rolls, or ceramic paint additives to block ultraviolet rays.

The building structure may also include one or a plurality of windows 120, having energy saving properties and may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, multiple pane, solar pane, low-e glass, inert gas fill, fiberglass, and/or FSC-CT wood.

The building structure may also include a plurality of doors 130, all having energy saving properties and may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, FSC-CT wood, fiberglass, steel, and weather gasketed and well insulated.

The building structure may also include a high efficiency heating and cooling system 140 such as for example, but not limited to, a high SEER rated heat pump. Attached to the high efficiency heating and cooling system 140 may be a high efficiency heating and cooling system control system 141, made of for example, but not limited to, motion sensors, room temperature sensors, controlled room duct dampers or timers.

Also attached to the high efficiency heating and cooling system 140 may be a geothermal temperature stabilization loop 142.

The building structure may also include an exterior lighting system 150 formed of a plurality of light fixtures, and controlled by as for example, but not limited to, motion sensors, ambient light sensors or timers.

The building structure may also include an interior lighting system 160 formed of a plurality of roof mounted passive natural and/or tubular daylighting devices light diffusion (aka sky lights and/or Sola tubes) 161, all may be made of sustainable or recycled materials. Attached to the daylighting devices may be a daylighting device control system 162, made of for example, but not limited to, actuators, motion sensors, ambient light sensors or timers. Attached to the daylighting devices may be a daylighting device distribution system 163, consisting of fiber optic bundles or other similar devices, emanating from the roof mounted passive natural and/or tubular daylighting devices and distributing light to small windowless areas such as closets and utility rooms.

The interior lighting system 160 may also include a standard voltage supplemental lighting 164 using efficient bulbs and fixtures, such as for example, but not limited to, GE Energy Smarten Compact Fluorescent (CFL) Bulbs, Light Emitting Diodes (LED) and/or High Intensity Discharge (HID). Attached to the standard voltage supplemental lighting may be a standard voltage supplemental lighting control system 165, made of for example, but not limited to, motion sensors, ambient light sensors or timers. Attached to the standard voltage supplemental lighting may be a standard voltage supplemental lighting distribution system 166, consisting of fiber optic bundles or other similar devices, emanating from the standard voltage supplemental lighting system and distributing light to small windowless areas such as closets and utility rooms.

The interior lighting system 160 may also include a low voltage supplemental lighting system 170, FIG. 6, which may be made of LED, low voltage incandescent, photovoltaic solar, High Intensity Discharge (HID), or other similar lighting devices. Attached to the low voltage supplemental lighting system may be a low voltage supplemental lighting distribution system 171, consisting of electric wires or fiber optic bundles or other similar devices, emanating from the low voltage supplemental lighting system and distributing light to areas of the building. Attached to the low voltage supplemental lighting system 170 may be a low voltage supplemental lighting control system 172, made of for example, but not limited to, motion sensors, ambient light sensors or timers.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include a fiber optic supplemental lighting system 180, FIG. 7, formed of a plurality of panels or sheets 181, all may be made of sustainable or recycled material such as for example, but not limited to, HID-light and fiber optic bundles. Attached to the fiber optic supplemental lighting system 180 may be a fiber optic supplemental lighting control system 182, such as for example, but not limited to, motion sensors, ambient light sensors or timers.

The building structure may also include an on-grid power distribution system 190 formed of a plurality of wires, connectors, junctions, outlets, switches, breakers, and fixtures 191, emanating from power drop and distribution panel (load center) and distributing to room lighting and outlets.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include an off-grid power distribution system 200, FIG. 8, formed of a plurality of wires, connectors, junctions, outlets, switches, breakers, and fixtures 201, emanating from power drop and distribution panel (load center) and distributing to room lighting and outlets. Attached to the off-grid power distribution system may be a bank of batteries 202, which may be made of such as for example, but not limited to, Lead Acid, NICAD, or LI batteries.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include an off-grid power source 210, FIG. 9, formed of a solar voltaic generator system 220, distributing power to an off grid power distribution system 200, and all may be made of such as for example, but not limited to, photovoltaic cells, panels, inverters (AC driven only), load switches, and/or meters. Attached to the solar voltaic generator system may be an automated solar voltaic generator sun tracking system 221, which may be made of such as for example, but not limited to, sensors, timers, drivers, and actuators.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include an off-grid power source 210 formed of a wind generator system 230, distributing to an off grid power distribution system 200, and all may be made of such as for example, but not limited to, a AC or DC generator, blades, tower or support structure, inverters (AC driven only), load switches, and/or meters. Attached to the wind generator may be an automated wind generator wind tracking system 231, which may be made of such as for example, but not limited to, sensors, timers, drivers, and actuators.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include an off-grid power source 210 formed of a bio-diesel engine generator system 240, distributing to distributing to an off grid power distribution system 200.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include an off-grid power source 210 formed of a fuel cell generator system 250, distributing to distributing to an off grid power distribution system 200.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include an off-grid power source 210 formed of a nuclear reactor generator system 260, distributing to distributing to an off grid power distribution system 200.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include an off-grid power source 210 formed of a hydro-electric generator system 270, distributing to distributing to an off grid power distribution system 200.

The building structure may also include other utilities system 280, FIG. 10, formed of a plurality of pipes, wires, conduits, and components 281, emanating from utility sources and distributing to building structure that may be made of sustainable or recycled material.

The building structure may also include an energy saving appliance system 290, FIG. 11, formed of a plurality of stoves, refrigerators, microwave ovens, and dishwashers 291, which may be specifically designed to be energy efficient, and be compatible with the power system requirements of the building structure.

The building structure may also include an energy saving media and internet system 300, FIG. 12, formed of a plurality of radios, televisions, entertainment sound equipment, computers, printers, and other office equipment 301, which may be specifically designed to be energy efficient, and be compatible with the power system requirements of the building structure.

In an alternative embodiment, the building structure may also include a rainwater collection system 310, FIG. 13, and formed of a one or a plurality of cisterns 311, emanating from the roof and distributing water to the cold water delivery system, and all may be made of sustainable or recycled materials.