Title:
Nail-shaped fastening element
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A nail-shaped fastening element having a shank, at whose one end a tip is configured and at whose opposite other end a head is configured, and having a sleeve-shaped washer is disclosed. At a first end facing the tip, the sleeve-shaped washer has a first collar that narrows the opening cross section of the sleeve-shaped washer and, at a second end facing opposite the first end, it has a second circumferentially outwardly disposed collar.



Inventors:
Foser, Thomas (Balzers, LI)
Lor, Ferenc (Buchs, CH)
Boenig, Stefan (Achberg-Esseratsweiler, DE)
Application Number:
12/460624
Publication Date:
02/11/2010
Filing Date:
07/22/2009
Assignee:
Hilti Aktiengesellschaft (Schaan, LI)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F16B15/00
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:
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20090104002High strength fastener systemApril, 2009Dilling
20060099049Fastener/stud retainerMay, 2006Peterson
20050008451Fast locking elementJanuary, 2005Groppo et al.
20050069397Locking mechanism for intramedullary nailsMarch, 2005Shavit et al.
20100021268INSULATING WASHERSJanuary, 2010Dean et al.
20090279980DOWEL COMPOSED OF A STRAND ARRANGEMENTNovember, 2009Gruber
20050053445Self-securing fastenerMarch, 2005Miller
20100098514Fast Extraction Threaded NutApril, 2010Silva et al.
20080185901Rotating Joint with Captured Washer Assembly and MethodAugust, 2008Richter et al.
20100068004SCREW AND ITS COMBINATION WITH A CONICAL SEALING DISKMarch, 2010Mair



Primary Examiner:
DELISLE, ROBERTA S
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Davidson, Davidson & Kappel, LLC (New York, NY, US)
Claims:
1. 1-5. (canceled)

6. A nail-shaped fastening element comprising: a shank having a tip formed at a first end and a head formed at second end opposite the first shank end; and a sleeve-shaped washer coupled to the head of the shank that includes a first washer end facing the tip of the shank, a second washer end opposite the first washer end, a first collar at the first washer end that narrows an opening cross-section of the washer and a circumferentially outwardly disposed second collar at the second washer end.

7. The fastening element as recited in claim 6 wherein the first collar is designed as a continuously circumferentially extending projection.

8. The fastening element as recited in claim 6 wherein the second collar is designed as a continuously circumferentially and radially outwardly extending projection.

9. The fastening element as recited in claim 6.wherein a height of the sleeve-shaped washer corresponds approximately to 0.1 to 0.3 times a first height of the shank from the tip to the head.

10. The fastening element as recited in claim 6 wherein the shank has at least one first portion of a larger diameter and at least one second portion of a smaller diameter, the height of the sleeve-shaped washer corresponding to approximately 0.4 to 0.6 times a second height of the second portion.

Description:

This claims priority to German Patent Application DE 10 2008 041 036.5, filed Aug. 6, 2008, the entire disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference herein.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a nail-shaped fastening element having a shank, at whose one end a tip is configured and at whose opposite other end a head is configured, and having a sleeve-shaped washer.

Fastening elements of this kind, such as nails made of steel, for example, are used in fastening technology, for example, to fasten components, such as formwork, for example, to hard materials, such as concrete, metal or stone. To this end, the fastening elements have a shank having a tip that is tapered in the setting direction and a head that is disposed at the other end of the shank and whose diameter is greater than that of the shank.

From U.S. Pat. No. 2,171,877, a fastening element in the form of a nail is known, which has a head and a shank that is contiguous thereto and that terminates in a tip. Fitted onto the shank is a washer which is in the form of a conical sleeve and whose largest cross section is disposed at its end facing the tip. A nail of this kind is suited, for example, for being driven into a workpiece by a hammer, the conical sleeve functioning as a spacer element which keeps the head spaced apart from the surface of the workpiece, once the nail is driven in, thereby allowing the nail to be pulled out of the workpiece again.

However, the disadvantage associated with this nail is that it is not suited for being driven in by a combustion-powered setting tool, for example, since the conical sleeve would also be driven into the workpiece or would be subject to spalling on the workpiece due to the high impact energy of such setting tools.

From U.S. Pat. No. 1,705,371, what is generally referred to as a double-headed nail is also known, which has two heads at its end facing opposite the tip. In this context, the lower head, which faces the tip and is formed as a circumferentially extending beading or collar, functions as a drive-in or penetration stop for the nail, while the second nail head, once it is driven into a workpiece, is spaced apart from the surface thereof, thereby allowing the nail to be pulled out of the workpiece again by a tool that is applied to the second head.

However, nails of this kind have the disadvantage of being characterized, on the one hand, by expensive manufacturing and, on the other hand, by poor variability in the use thereof.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to overcome the above mentioned disadvantages and to devise a nail-shaped fastening element that is capable of being set by a setting tool and that nevertheless offers a force-application site for engagement of an extracting tool.

The objective is achieved by a nail-shaped fastening element having a shank, at whose one end a tip is configured and at whose opposite other end a head is configured, and having a sleeve-shaped washer. Accordingly, at a first end facing the tip, the sleeve-shaped washer has a first collar that narrows its opening cross section and, at a second end facing opposite the first end, has a second circumferentially outwardly disposed collar. These measures make it possible for the fastening element according to the present invention to be used for different applications, unlike the known element. Thus, the fastening element according to the present invention may also be set, inter alia, by combustion-powered setting tools, without the sleeve-shaped washer being driven into the workpiece or spalling on the workpiece. The sleeve-shaped washer according to the present invention compensates for variations in the penetration depths that occur when the fastening element according to the present invention is set by setting tools. The result is that the fastened material is always optimally pressed down. Moreover, the manufacturing of the fastening element according to the present invention is not very costly.

The first collar is advantageously designed as a continuously circumferentially extending projection, whereby the sleeve-shaped washer is securely held underneath the head, and the head is prevented from being pulled through when the fastening element according to the present invention is pulled out of a workpiece by a tool.

It is also advantageous when the second collar is designed as a continuously circumferentially and radially outwardly extending projection on the sleeve-shaped washer, respectively on the sleeve portion thereof. This ensures that an extracting tool is able to engage securely on the sleeve-shaped washer.

A height of the sleeve-shaped washer advantageously corresponds to approximately 0.1 to 0.3 times a first height of the fastening element from the tip to the head. This measure allows the fastening element to optimally reproduce a head shape similar to a double-headed form following the setting operation. As a result, a standard tool may be used to engage on the head and to loosen and remove the fastening element.

It is also beneficial when the shank has at least one first portion of a larger diameter and at least one second portion of a smaller diameter, the height of the sleeve-shaped washer corresponding to approximately 0.4 to 0.6 times a second height of the second portion. This measure also allows the fastening element to optimally reproduce a head shape similar to a double-headed form following the setting operation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention is illustrated in a plurality of exemplary embodiments in the drawing, whose:

FIG. 1 shows a fastening element according to the present invention in a part-sectional lateral view;

FIG. 2 shows another fastening element according to the present invention in a part-sectional lateral view.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

A nail-shaped fastening element 10 designed as a nail is illustrated in FIG. 1. This fastening element 10 has a head 12, a shank 11 that is contiguous thereto, and a tip 13 at the end of shank 11 facing opposite head 12. Shank 11 has three portions 14, 15, 16—a first portion 14 of a larger diameter D, a second portion 16 of a smaller diameter, and a conical transition portion 15 disposed between first portion 14 and second portion 16. Fitted onto shank 11 is a sleeve-shaped washer 20 which, at a first end 21 facing tip 12, has a first collar 23 that narrows the opening cross section of sleeve-shaped washer 20. At a second end 22 facing opposite first end 21, sleeve-shaped washer 20 has a circumferentially outwardly disposed second collar 24. A sleeve portion 25 disposed between the two ends 21, 22 has a cylindrical shape. In this context, the inside diameter of sleeve portion 25 (except for the region of first collar 23) is at least as large as the outside diameter of head 12. In the exemplary embodiment shown, first collar 23 is designed as a continuously circumferentially extending projection that reduces the opening cross section of sleeve portion 25, respectively of sleeve-shaped washer 20. First collar 23 constitutes an abutment for head 12.

Second collar 24 is designed as a continuous circumferential projection that extends radially outwardly on sleeve portion 25 and forms a force-application element for an extracting tool, such as pliers, a hammer or a claw bar.

Both first collar 23, as well as second collar 24 may be formed by a plurality of projections between which free spaces or interruptions are located (not shown in the figures).

A height H1 of sleeve-shaped washer 20 corresponds approximately to 0.1 to 0.3 times a first height H2 of fastening element 10 from tip 13 to head 12. In addition, height H1 of sleeve-shaped washer 15 corresponds to approximately 0.4 to 0.6 times a second height H3 of second portion 16.

When a formwork part is fastened to a structural element, such as a concrete element, using stepped nail-shaped fastening element 10 in accordance with the present invention, second portion 16 is driven into the concrete element, while first portion 14 of shank 11 traverses the formwork part. Sleeve-shaped washer element 20 is then situated outside of the formwork part and, as the case may be, engages by its first collar 23 on the surface of the formwork part. An extracting tool, which may engage on second collar 24 of sleeve-shaped washer element 20, may then be used to pull out nail-shaped fastening element 10 again to dismantle the formwork.

Fastening element 10 illustrated in FIG. 2 differs from fastening element 10 illustrated in FIG. 1 merely in that shank 11 between tip 13 and head 12 has a uniform diameter D that is within the manufacturing tolerances. In the case of this fastening element 10 as well, height H1 of sleeve-shaped washer 20 corresponds approximately to 0.1 to 0.3 times first height H2 of fastening element 10 from tip 13 to head 12. With regard to other reference numerals not mentioned here, reference is made to the preceding description of FIG. 1 in its entirety.