Title:
CORE FOR RECEIVING-SHEET MATERIAL
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A core for receiving sheet material, which core comprises a tube (2), a first end member (4) which extends into a first end of the tube (2), and a second end member which extends into a second end of the tube (2), and the core being such that the tube is formed of a plurality of part circular tube portions (6) which are connected together along longitudinally extending edges (8), and the first and the second end members are each formed of a plurality of part circular end member portions (10) which are connected together along longitudinally extending edges (12).



Inventors:
Milton, Peter George (East Sussex, GB)
Milton, Antony Stanley (West Sussex, GB)
Application Number:
12/449288
Publication Date:
02/04/2010
Filing Date:
02/06/2008
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
242/609.4
International Classes:
B65H75/18; B65H75/10; B65H75/22
View Patent Images:
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20090057474Method of winding sheets with preapplied seam tapeMarch, 2009Fast et al.
20090173817Method for manufacturing an axial air-gap electronic motorJuly, 2009Kojima et al.
20070181729RE-SPOOLING FISHING REELAugust, 2007Schuster
20100044488DOUBLE-GEAR DRIVING MECHANISM FOR A REEL UNITFebruary, 2010Tao
20040164196Taking-up device for winding a web around a coreAugust, 2004Sato
20020060259Film cassetteMay, 2002Kitayama
20040021030Inline swimming pool vacuum hose storage apparatusFebruary, 2004Brocking



Primary Examiner:
KIM, SANG K
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
IANDIORIO TESKA & COLEMAN (WALTHAM, MA, US)
Claims:
1. A core for receiving sheet material, which core comprises a tube, a first end member which extends into a first end of the tube, and a second end member which extends into a second end of the tube, and the core being such that the tube is formed of a plurality of part circular tube portions which are connected together along longitudinally extending edges, and the first and second end members are each formed of a plurality of a plurality of part circular end member portions which are connected together along longitudinally extending edges.

2. A core according to claim 1 in which the longitudinally extending edges on the part circular tube portions have engaging formations for engaging adjacent longitudinally extending edges, and in which the engaging formations on the part circular tube portions extend inwardly of the tube.

3. A core according to claim 2 in which the engaging formations on the longitudinally extending edges of the part circular tube portions are connected together by welding, screw fasteners, rivets or clips.

4. A core according to claim 2 in which the engaging formation on the part circular tube portions form strengthening splines which extend from an inner surface of the tube.

5. A core according to claim 1 in which the part circular tube portions each has a longitudinally extending groove comprising a base wall, a pair of side walls and a top wall, and in which the longitudinally extending grooves at the first and second ends of the tube are for receiving the first and the second end members respectively.

6. A core according to claim 5 in which the longitudinally extending grooves do not extend the full length of the tube.

7. A core according to claim 6 in which the longitudinally extending grooves only extend longitudinally inwardly from the first and the second ends of the tube for a distance slightly longer than the length of the first and the second end members that are in the tube.

8. A core according to claim 2 in which the longitudinally extending edges of the part circular end member portions have dove tail joint formations whereby the part circular end member portions are connected together by dove tail joints.

9. A core according to claim 1 in which the longitudinal edges on the part circular tube portions are welded together, and in which the part circular tube portions are each provided on their inner surface with a plurality of longitudinally extending strengthening formations.

10. A core according to claim 9 in which the longitudinally extending strengthening formations are each T-shaped in cross section.

11. A core according to claim 9 in which the tube has forty-eight of the longitudinally extending strengthening formations.

12. A core according to claim 9 in which the first and the second end members have finger formations which locate in or between the longitudinally extending strengthening formations on the part circular tube portions.

13. A core according to claim 1 in which the tube is made of aluminum.

14. A core according to claim 1 in which the core is larger than 200 mm in diameter.

15. A core according to claim 1 in which the first and the second end members are made of a plastics material.

16. A core according to claim 1 and including a radio frequency identification tag.

Description:

This invention relates to a core for receiving sheet material.

Cores for receiving sheet material are well known. The sheet material may be, for example, paper used in the printing industry, or plastics film or cardboard used in the packaging industry. The sheet material is wound on the core to form a reel. The reels are usually bulky and heavy, requiring handling by machines.

The cores may be made of cardboard or a metal such for example as aluminium. Even with metal cores such for example as aluminium, it is difficult to produce the cores with sufficient strength and rigidity when the cores are of a substantial diameter, for example more than 200 mm (8 inches). During use of the reels on machines such for example as printing machines, it is essential that the cores maintain their shape and accuracy. The cores usually comprise a tube, a first end member which extends into a first end of the tube, and a second end member which extends into a second end of the tube. The tube can be made to be made more rigid by increasing the tube wall thickness. However, increasing the wall thickness of a metal tube such for example as aluminium increases the weight of the tube and desirably the weight of the tube should be kept to as minimum. Also, the internal dimensions of the tube should be such that chucks of handling machines are able to enter into the core via the first and the second end members. The handling tends to require that wall thicknesses are between 15-17 mm. The first and the second end members are usually made of a plastics material and these become increasingly difficult to mould with increasing tube diameters. The plastics material tends to shrink unevenly after moulding, and then it does not maintain the required shape for the end members.

It is an aim of the present invention to reduce the above mentioned problems.

Accordingly, in one non-limiting embodiment of the present invention there is provided a core for receiving sheet material, which core comprises a tube, a first end member which extends into a first end of the tube, and a second end member which extends into a second end of the tube, and the core being such that the tube is formed of a plurality of part circular tube portions which are connected together along longitudinally extending edges, and the first and the second end members are each formed of a plurality of part circular end member portions which are connected together along longitudinally extending edges.

With the tube being made of the part circular tube portions, and the first and the second end members being made of the part circular end member portions, it is possible to make cores having diameters greater than 200 mm, whilst maintaining high tolerance requirements and high core stiffness requirements. Whilst the core of the present invention is such that its diameter is preferably larger than 200 mm, the core may have a smaller diameter if desired.

In a first embodiment of the invention, the core may be one in which the longitudinally extending edges on the part circular tube portions have engaging formations for engaging adjacent longitudinally extending edges, and in which the engaging formations on the part circular tube portions extend inwardly of the tube.

The engaging formations on the longitudinally extending edges of the part circular tube portions may be connected together by any suitable and appropriate means including, for example, welding, screw fasteners, rivets or dips.

Advantageously, the strengthening formations on the part circular tube portions form strengthening splines which extend from an inner surface of the tube.

The core may be one in which the part circular tube portions each has a longitudinally extending groove comprising a base wall, a pair of side walls and a top wall, and in which the longitudinal extending grooves at the first and the second ends of the tube are for receiving the first and the second end members respectively. Preferably there is only one of the grooves in each of the part circular tube portions. However, if desired, there may be more of the grooves, for example two or three of the grooves in each of the part circular tube portions.

Usually, the longitudinally extending grooves will not extend the full length of the tube. Usually, the longitudinally extending grooves will only extend longitudinally inwardly from the first and the second ends of the tube for a distance slightly longer than the length of the first and the second end members that are in the tube.

In the first embodiment of the invention, the longitudinally extending edges of the part circular end member portions may be dove tail joint formations whereby the part circular end member portions are connected together by dove tail joints. Other connecting means may be employed for connecting the longitudinally extending edges of the part circular end member portions.

In a second embodiment of the present invention, the core may be one in which the longitudinal edges on the part circular tube portions are welded together, and in which the part circular tube portions are each provided on their inner surface with a plurality of longitudinally extending strengthening formations.

The longitudinally extending strengthening formations are preferably T-shaped in cross section. Other cross sectional shapes may be employed.

Preferably, the tube has forty-eight of the longitudinally extending strengthening formations. More or less than forty-eight of the longitudinally extending strengthening formations may be employed.

In the second embodiment of the invention, the first and the second end members may have finger formations which locate in or between the longitudinally extending strengthening formations on the part circular tube portions.

Preferably, the tube is made of aluminum. Other metals may be employed. Depending upon the required diameter of the core, the tube may also be made of plastics materials.

The first and the second end members are preferably made of a plastics material. Other materials may however be employed if desired. The first and the second end members are preferably constructed to be reusable but they may be constructed to be disposable if desired.

The core may include a radio frequency identification tag. The use of the radio frequency identification tag enables the location of the core to be tracked from manufacture through to winding of the core to produce a reel, through to use of the reel, and return of the core for reuse purposes. The radio frequency identification tag may be formed as part of the first or the second end member.

Embodiments of the invention will now be described solely by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an end view of a tube forming part of a first core for receiving sheet material;

FIG. 2 is an end view of a part circular tube portion forming part of the tube shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side view of a part circular end member portion forming part of a first end member which fits into a first end of the tube shown in FIG. 1 to form a core;

FIG. 4 is a section through part of the tube shown in FIG. 1 and the part circular end member portion shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is an end view of another first end member for fitting into a first end of a tube (not shown) having a plain bore;

FIG. 6 is an end view of one of the part circular end member portions forming the first end member shown in FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a side view of the first end member shown in FIG. 5;

FIG. 8 is an end view of a second tube forming part of a second core for receiving sheet material;

FIG. 9 is an end view of a part circular tube portion forming part of the tube shown in FIG. 8;

FIG. 10 is a side view of a part circular end member portion forming part of a first end member which extends into a first end of the tube shown in FIG. 8 to form the second core;

FIG. 11 is an end view of the part circular end member portion shown in FIG. 10;

FIG. 12 is a section through the part circular end member portion shown in FIG. 10 and the tube shown in FIG. 8;

FIG. 13 shows a completed core for receiving sheet material;

FIG. 14 is an exploded view of the core shown in FIG. 13; and

FIG. 15 is an end view of a second end member which extends into a second end of the tube shown in FIG. 14.

Referring to FIGS. 1-4, there are shown parts of a core for receiving sheet material. The illustrated parts of the core are a tube 2 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, and a part circular end member portion 4 forming part of a first end member which extends into a first end of the tube 2. The completed core (not shown) also comprises a second end member which is the same as the first end member, and which extends into a second end of the tube 2 which is opposite the first end of the tube 2.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the tube is formed of a plurality of part circular tube portions 6. More specifically, there are six of the part circular tube portions 6. The part circular tube portions 6 are connected together along longitudinally extending edges 8.

The longitudinally extending edges 8 on the part circular tube portions 6 have engaging formations 18 for engaging adjacent longitudinally extending edges 8. The engaging formations 18 on the part circular tube portions 6 extend inwardly of the tube 2 and therefore inwardly of the formed core. The engaging formations 18 on the longitudinally extending edges 8 of the part circular tube portions 6 may be connected together by any suitable and appropriate connection means, for example welding.

As can best be appreciated from FIG. 1, the engaging formations 18 on the part circular tube portions 6 form strengthening splines 20 which extend from an inner surface 22 of the tube 2.

As can also be seen from FIGS. 1 and 2, the part circular tube portions 6 each has a longitudinally extending groove 24. Each longitudinally extending groove 24 comprises a base wall 26, a pair of side walls 28 and a top wall 30. The base walls 26 of the part circular tube portions 6 define in the tube 2 a reduced diameter portion 32. The longitudinally extending grooves 24 do not extend the full length of the tube 2. More specifically, the longitudinally extending grooves 24 only extend longitudinally inwardly from the first and the second ends of the tube 2 for a distance slightly longer than the length of the first and the second end members that are inserted in the tube 2 to form the completed core.

Referring now to FIGS. 3 and 4, it will be seen that the part circular end member portion 4 has a part 31 which fits into the groove 24 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The part circular end member portion 4 also has an abutment 33 for abutting against the end of the tube 6.

Referring now to FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 there is shown another first end member 35 which is formed of a plurality of part circular end member portions 10. More specifically, there are four of the part circular end member portions 10. The part circular end member portions 10 are connected together along longitudinally extending edges 12. As shown in FIG. 7, the first end member 35 comprises an insert portion 14 which goes into the first end of the tube, and a flange portion 16 which abuts against the first end of the tube and which is of the same diameter as the tube. The insert portion 14 is plain and it goes into a plain bore of the tube.

As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the longitudinally extending edges 12 of the part circular end member portions 10 have dove tail joint formations whereby the part circular end member portions 10 are connected together by dove tail joints 34. As can best be appreciated from FIG. 6, the dove tail joints 34 are formed by one end of each part circular end member portion 10 having a male part 36 of the dove tail joint 34 and the other end of the part circular end member portion 10 having a female part 38 of the dove tail joint 34.

Referring now to FIGS. 8-12, there are shown parts of a second core for receiving sheet material. The second core comprises a tube 40 and first and second end members (not shown). The first and second end members are each formed of a plurality of part circular end member portions 42. The first end member extends into a first end of the tube 40. The second end member extends into a second end of the tube 40.

As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the tube 40 is formed of a plurality of part circular tube portions 44. The part circular tube portions 44 are connected together along longitudinally extending edges 46 by welding.

The part circular tube portions 44 are each provided on their inner surface 48 with a plurality of longitudinally extending strengthening formations 50. The longitudinally extending strengthening formations 50 are T-shaped in cross section. There are forty-eight of the longitudinally extending strengthening formations 50.

As shown in FIGS. 10-12, the first and the second end members are each formed of the plurality of part circular end member portions 42. These part circular end member portions 42 have an inset portion 52 for insertion between the strengthening formations 50. The part circular end member portions 42 also have an abutment member 54 for abutting against the end of the tube 40.

Referring now to FIGS. 13, 14 and 15, there is shown a core 58 for receiving sheet material. The core 58 comprises a tube 60, a first end member 62 which extends into a first end 64 of the tube 60, and a second end member 66 which extends into a second end 68 of the tube 60. The tube 60, the first end member 62 and the second end member 66 have been shown in outline only and they could be of the constructions shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, or 5-7 or 10-12. As can be appreciated from FIG. 14, the first and the second end members 62, 66 are of the same construction. Thus in FIGS. 3 and 4, 5-7 and 10-12, the first and the second end members are of the same construction.

In the drawings, the tubes are made of aluminium. Other materials may be employed if desired. Also, the first end members and the second end members are made of a plastics material, but other materials may be employed if desired. The plastics material may by polypropylene.

It is to be appreciated that the embodiments of the invention described above with reference to the accompanying drawings have been given by way of example only and that modifications may be effected. Thus, for example, part circular tube portions and the part circular end member portions may be shaped differently than shown and they may be connected together differently than shown. The first or the second end member may be provided with a radio frequency identification tag. The cores of the present invention may be provided with any suitable and appropriate type of sheet material including paper for the printing industry, plastic film for the packaging industry, waxed carton cardboard for the packaging industry, paper for toilet rolls or kitchen rolls, plastics material for use as cling film, and plastics material for use in the formation of rubbish bags.