Title:
INSTALLATION AND METHOD FOR THE PURIFICATION OF AN AQUEOUS EFFLUENT BY MEANS OF OXIDATION AND MEMBRANE FILTRATION
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A system and method is provided for utilizing ultraviolet light to disinfect water. The system includes a plurality of ultraviolet lights with each ultraviolet light including a sheath that is transparent to ultraviolet radiation. Mounted adjacent the ultraviolet lights is a drive that moves back and forth with respect to the ultraviolet lights. Operatively interconnected with the drive is a support structure that includes a plurality of bearing rings. Inserted and held within each bearing ring is a scraping ring that in turn surrounds a respective sheath of an ultraviolet light. Actuation of the drive results in the support structure moving back and forth with respect to the ultraviolet lights and results in the scraping ring scraping and cleaning the respective sheaths.



Inventors:
Girodet, Pierre (Asnieres, FR)
Vanpeene, Christian (Villejuif, FR)
Application Number:
10/578036
Publication Date:
10/08/2009
Filing Date:
11/09/2004
Primary Class:
International Classes:
C02F1/32; G01N33/53; G01N33/569
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
SMYTH, ANDREW P
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
COATS & BENNETT, PLLC (Cary, NC, US)
Claims:
1. 1-12. (canceled)

13. An ultraviolet water disinfection system comprising: a. a plurality of ultraviolet lights with each ultraviolet light having a sheath that is transparent to ultraviolet radiation; b. a scraping ring surrounding each sheath for moving back and forth along the sheath and cleaning the sheath; c. a support structure for supporting a plurality of the scraping rings; d. a drive for driving the support structure and each of the scraping rings along the sheath such that the scraping rings clean the sheath; e. the support structure including a series of bearing rings; and f. wherein each scraping ring is mounted within a respective bearing ring.

14. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 13 wherein the scraping rings include a slot that allow the geometry of the scraping rings to be varied.

15. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 13 wherein the scraping rings include an outer peripheral groove that receives the bearing rings of the support structure.

16. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 13 wherein each scraping ring cooperates with an elastomember which tends to clamp the ring onto the sheath.

17. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 16 wherein the elastomember includes an annular spring.

18. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 16 wherein the elastomember is at least partially housed in the peripheral groove of the scraping ring.

19. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 16 wherein the elastomember forms a part of the scraping ring.

20. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 16 wherein the peripheral groove and/or the bearing ring are dimensioned such that there is a clearance between the bearing ring and the peripheral groove of the scraping ring.

21. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 16 wherein the peripheral groove includes a depth and is dimensioned such that there is an annular clearance underneath the bearing ring when the bearing ring is inserted into the groove.

22. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 13 wherein the support structure includes a pair of arms between which extend a plurality of the bearing rings.

23. An ultraviolet water disinfection system comprising: a. at least one ultraviolet light having a sheath that is transparent to ultraviolet radiation; b. a scraping ring surrounding the sheath and adapted to move back and forth along the sheath to clean the sheath; c. a drive for moving the scraping ring back and forth along the sheath of the ultraviolet light; d. a one piece support structure for supporting the scraping ring and interconnecting with the drive; and e. wherein the one piece support structure includes at least one bearing ring surrounding and holding the scraping ring and an arm interconnecting the bearing ring with the drive.

24. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 23 wherein the scraping ring includes a slot that permits the geometry of the scraping ring to be varied.

25. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 23 wherein the one piece support structure includes a plurality of bearing rings and a pair of arms that connect the bearing rings with the drive.

26. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 23 wherein the scraping ring includes an external groove for receiving the bearing ring of the support structure.

27. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 23 wherein there is provided an elastomember which tends to clamp the scraping ring onto the sheath.

28. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 27 wherein the elastomember forms a part of the scraping ring.

29. The ultraviolet water disinfection system of claim 27 wherein the elastomember comprises an annular spring.

30. A method of supporting and driving one or more scraping rings around one or more sheaths of ultraviolet lights that form a part of an ultraviolet water disinfection system, comprising: a. supporting one or more scraping rings in a support structure having one or more bearing rings that form a part thereof; b. securing each supporting ring within a respective bearing ring of the support structure; and c. interconnecting the support structure with a drive such that the actuation of the drive causes the support structure to move back and forth and causes the scraping rings supported therein to move back and forth and scrape clean the one or more sheaths.

31. The method of claim 30 including providing a slot in the scraping ring and varying the geometry of the scraping ring.

32. The method of claim 30 including inserting the bearing ring into a peripheral groove formed in the scraping ring.

33. The method of claim 30 including incorporating an elastomember into the scraping ring.

Description:

The invention relates to the field of water treatment with regard to disinfection, both in the scope of purification and making it fit to drink.

More precisely, the invention relates to the disinfection of water by ultra violet radiation. The invention applies to water disinfection devices installed either in an open channel or in a sealed reactor.

In such a technique, the water to be disinfected passes through a channel or a reactor inside which are located one or more light units emitting an ultra violet radiation with a wavelength of between 180 nm and 400 nm, in which these units are organised into vertical modules that are parallel to one another, each module being composed of one or more vertical series of UV lights protected by quartz sheaths.

These light units are positioned in the channel or reactor such that all of the lights are immersed. Each module is held in place by means of a beam equipped with supports which hold the lights in their protective sheath that is transparent to the ultra violet rays.

In the case of a channel, the lights are positioned such that their longitudinal axis is essentially parallel to the direction of the water flow, in order that the water remains in contact with the disinfecting radiation as long as possible. The water disinfection channels are thus equipped with several light units positioned in the channel one after the other.

This disinfection technique by ultra violet radiation has existed for around twenty years. As the technique has evolved, the UV lights have increased in strength, in particular thanks to the low pressure UV light technology, which permits each light unit to treat a larger quantity of water.

Whereas, in particular, when the water treated is made up of waste water, a deposit of varying magnitude forms on the surface of the protective sheaths of the UV lights, progressively hindering the transmission of the ultra violet radiation. This natural fouling occurs more slowly or quickly according to the quality of the water and the maintenance carried out on the disinfection device units.

Consequently, it is now common to equip the ultra violet water disinfection devices with cleaning means for these protective sheaths.

According to the known techniques, the cleaning of the protective sheaths is carried out using one of the following methods:

    • mechanical cleaning, using automated or manual scrapers which perform a back and forth movement along the sheaths;
    • chemical cleaning;
    • mixed mechanical and chemical cleaning.

The invention particularly relates to the cleaning using scrapers, especially automated scrapers.

At present, the known scraping solutions consist of using a mechanical assembly with an abrasive surface which surrounds the protective sheath, in which the mechanical assembly is coupled to drive means sliding along the sheaths.

Among the known mechanical assemblies, we know of those in which the abrasive surface is obtained by the use of several rings, of which at least one is elastic so as to exert sufficient pressure on the sheath to scrape it, in which this ring system is designed to tolerate certain variations in, the diameters.

In fact, the dimensions of the rings need to be adapted quite accurately to the diameter of the protective sheaths, in order to obtain a scraping force that is sufficiently high.

Whereas, the protective sheaths are manufactured with dimensional tolerances which create the effect that, for a same diameter of ring, the scraping force is no longer sufficient to achieve the cleaning desired, in the case of the diameter of the protective sheath being smaller.

Furthermore, as the abrasive surface undergoes normal wear, the scraping force diminishes.

Of course, this is not desirable because, as previously mentioned, poor cleaning is detrimental to the transmission of the ultra violet light. A scraping force that is insufficient due to an incorrect dimensional ratio between the scraping rings and the sheaths can therefore have an effect on the overall efficiency of the entire disinfection installation.

Furthermore, precise and flexible guiding of the scraping means is necessary along the entire length of the protective sheaths.

In fact, the lights are rarely perfectly aligned with respect to one another and therefore the orientation of the scraping means needs to be adapted during their movements, as their trajectory is imposed by the various orientations of the lights.

In the known cleaning devices, in which several rings are used as previously mentioned, the functions essential for the correct operation of the device are spread in particular over the various rings.

We can thus distinguish, according to the embodiments, the abrasive and sheath diameter compensation ring and the inter-sheath alignment defect compensation ring.

These rings are held by means of an envelope which joins them to a support held by a drive arm. The support may be a flange surrounding the envelope of the rings, clamping it so as to drive it along the sheath. We can thus understand that the flange is connected to drive means by means of attachments to the drive arm.

Of course, this arm holds as many supports as there are lights vertically to one another. In practice, this arm extends between two columns of UV lights and holds the supports for the two columns of lights.

This solution involves numerous manufacturing and assembly steps. In fact the drive arms may require assembly steps, the supports are made by casting and finally the supports must be attached to the drive arm by welding or most often bolting.

Furthermore, it is commonplace to have 4 to 18 UV lights per module, and a unit can have up to 10 modules. Of course, an ultra violet radiation water disinfection installation comprises several units.

We can therefore understand that the number of supports to be bolted to the drive arms is therefore quite high. The assembly times and labour costs for the installation of these cleaning devices are therefore very important.

One specific purpose of the invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art.

More precisely, the purpose of the invention is to propose an ultra violet radiation water disinfection device in which the means for cleaning the protective sheaths of the UV lights are cheaper to manufacture and install than those of the prior art.

Another purpose of the invention is to conserve the advantages of the existing solutions, and in particular:

    • to provide cleaning means that ensure a more or less constant scraping force, regardless of the variations in the diameters of the protective sheaths or the wear of the scraping rings;
    • to provide cleaning means that allow the orientation defects of the sheaths with respect to one another to be compensated.

Another purpose of the invention is to provide such a device in which the cleaning means are simple to design and implement.

These purposes, as well as others which will become clear below, are achieved thanks to the invention which relates to an ultra violet radiation water disinfection device including a plurality of UV lights, each protected by at least one sheath made of a material that is transparent to UV radiation with a shape that is more or less cylindrical, the said device comprising means for cleaning the said sheaths including at least one scraping ring surrounding each sheath that is capable of being driven along the said sheath by means of driving means, in which the said scraping rings are mounted on at least one drive assembly comprising support means held by at least one drive arm joined to the said drive means, the said support means of each scraping ring comprising at least one sealed bush inside which the said scraping ring is mounted and in that the said support means form, with the said drive arm or arms a one piece drive assembly.

In this way, an ultra violet light sheath cleaning device is obtained that is advantageous for several reasons.

Firstly, the support means composed by a sealed bush forms cooperation means that are particularly simple and efficient with the scraping rings.

As will become clearer below, the scraping rings may be mounted directly in the bushes, without any need for the ring envelopes of the prior art.

Secondly, the scraping ring drive assembly is made in one piece (without assembly). We therefore eliminate the very long assembly times that were required to assemble the supports, one by one, with the traditional solutions.

The manual operations are consequently reduced. The number of parts is also reduced. In particular, the cost of the fasteners (bolts) is eliminated.

Furthermore, the logistics are greatly simplified, as the number of parts circulating that are not stocked is greatly reduced.

Noteworthy gains may be envisaged during manufacturing, assembly and fitting of the device.

In one advantageous solution, the said scraping rings have a slot that allows their geometry to be varied.

Consequently continuous scraping is obtained along the entire length of the protective sheaths, as well as a constant or virtually constant scraping effort, regardless of the variations in the tolerances of the sheath diameters, or regardless of the degree of wear (which appears quite normally due to friction) of the scraping means.

The quality of the cleaning of the sheaths that is consequently obtained is totally equivalent to that of the former solutions.

In one preferred solution, the said scraping rings have an external peripheral groove that acts as a housing for a bush of the said support means.

In this way, the scraping rings are efficiently held inside the bushes of the drive assembly.

Furthermore, the rings are mounted in the bush simply and efficiently; they simply need to be pinched together to bring together the edges of the slot in the ring.

The ring is thus deformed so that its external diameter allows it to be inserted into a drive assembly bush. When the ring is released, it takes its initial form so that the bush is inserted into the groove of the ring.

A ring can be mounted in just a few seconds.

In one preferred solution, each of the said scraping rings cooperates with elastic return means which tend to clamp the said ring onto the said sheath.

We thus obtain simple, efficient means that are easy to implement to vary the geometry of the scraping means to suit the geometry of the cross section of the protective sheaths.

In one advantageous solution, the said elastic return means comprise an annular spring.

Such elastic return means are particularly cheap to manufacture and implement.

In a first preferred embodiment, the said elastic return means are housed in the said external peripheral groove of the said ring.

The said elastic return means are easily fitted. They are held in place efficiently, especially in the case of these return means being formed by an annular spring whose shape is particularly adapted to that of the groove.

In a second embodiment, the said elastic return means form part of the said ring.

We thus obtain a part that is more expensive to manufacture, but that is also easier and quicker to install.

We thus obtain an assembly that is particularly simple and efficient, without the need for any specific attachment parts.

According to one or the other of these embodiments, the said peripheral groove is dimensioned so that there is a clearance between the said support and the internal flanks of the said groove.

In this way, the cleaning device is designed to compensate automatically the slight variations of orientation that may be present on the protective sheaths.

This compensation is thus obtained simply thanks to the clearance between the ring and its support.

According to another advantageous characteristic, the depth of the said peripheral groove is dimensioned so that there is an annular clearance between the said bush on the one hand, and the bottom of the said groove and/or the said elastic return means on the other hand.

Thanks to these clearances, we obtain a simple means to obtain two degrees of liberty between the ring and the support.

Preferably, the said drive assembly or assemblies each comprise at least two drive arms between which extend a plurality of bushes disposed transversally at least in twos between the said arms.

The drive assembly of the invention may thus be obtained from a simple plate, by techniques that may be automated such as that which will be exposed below.

The invention also relates to a drive element as previously described, designed to equip an ultra violet radiation water disinfection device.

The invention also relates to a manufacturing process for a drive element as previously described.

Advantageously, the said manufacturing step of such a process is achieved using at least one of the following techniques:

    • cutting out;
    • casting;
    • bending;
    • stamping;
    • heat forming.

Other characteristics and advantages of the invention will become clearer upon reading the following description of a preferential embodiment of the invention, provided by way of a non restrictive illustration, and the appended drawings in which;

FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate diagrammatically an ultra violet radiation water disinfection device;

FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view of the scraping means;

FIG. 4 is a front view of the scraping means;

FIG. 5 is a top view of the scraping means;

FIG. 6 and 7 are respectively front and perspective views of a drive assembly for a cleaning device of the invention.

As previously mentioned, the device of the invention is designed to equip an ultra violet radiation water disinfection device.

It is pointed out that a disinfection device of this type is composed by the association of several disinfection modules (in this case six) positioned parallel to one another. Such an association of disinfection modules is traditionally called a “unit” by those skilled in the trade.

In one specific embodiment illustrated by FIGS. 1 and 2, each module is composed of a beam 1 to which supports 2 (two supports per beam) are attached, carrying two vertical series of means forming a light 3 (note that by “means forming a light”, it is meant the assembly formed by the UV light 31, its protective sheath 32, made of material that is transparent to ultra violet radiation, generally quartz, and by connectors at their upper and lower ends).

As illustrated in FIG. 1, each module also comprises drive assemblies 4 mounted on a carriage 5. These drive means 4 are designed to slide on the means forming a light 3 and their travel corresponds to the length of the UV lights.

In reference to FIGS. 3 to 5, these cleaning means comprise a ring 7 with an abrasive surface 71, designed to be slid along a protective sheath 32 while scraping it.

According to this embodiment, the ring 7 is an open ring as it has a slot 72. This slot permits the space occupied by the ring to e varied.

In this way, the geometry of the abrasive surface 71 can vary according to the geometry of the cross section of the protective sheath 32.

As illustrated in FIGS. 3 to 5, the open ring 7 cooperates with the elastic return means formed by an annular spring 73, which tends to clamp the ring 7 onto the protective sheath 32.

Of course, the stiffness of this annular spring may vary according to the various embodiments that may be envisaged. This stiffness will preferably be designed to ensure the ring clamps down onto the sheath, while allowing the ring “to open” in the case of the scraping force being too strong.

This annular spring 73 is housed in a groove 74 located on the peripheral edge of the open ring 7.

Such an annular spring is in this case an open metal ring, but similarly could be a ring made of an elastic material or even a helicoidal spring in other embodiments that could be envisaged.

It can be noted that, in another embodiment that may be envisaged, the annular spring 73 could be part of the material of the open ring 7.

Furthermore, the rings 7 are mounted on drive assemblies in the bushes 41 surrounding each ring 7, that penetrate into their peripheral groove 74. These drive assemblies are described in more detail below.

In order to provide two degrees of axial liberty between a ring and the corresponding bush 41, the peripheral groove 74 of the rings 7 is dimensioned so as to create:

    • a clearance J1 between the bush 41 and the internal flanks of the groove 74;
    • a clearance J2 between the bush and the annular spring 73 located at the bottom of the peripheral groove 74.

With reference to FIGS. 6 and 7, a drive assembly 4 comprises, according to this embodiment, two drive arms 42 mounted on a drive carriage 5, and a series of bushes 41 inside which the rings 7 are mounted. As shown, the bushes 41 are positioned in pairs between the arms 42.

Such a drive assembly 4 is created by performing a series of cut outs (preferably by means of a laser cutting technique) from a stainless steel plate, in this case 316L stainless steel that is 2 mm thick.

It can be noted that this assembly may be manufactured from any other rustproof material, for example a composite material, in other embodiments that could be envisaged.

After carrying out the cutting out step, a one piece assembly is obtained comprising the arms 42 and the rings 41. This assembly is then de-burred and then bent so that the arms 42 are, along their entire length, positioned at a right angle (this tends to stiffen the drive assembly).

The cutting out is performed using a laser cutting device in this case. Such a device permits satisfactory precision to be obtained (a water jet cutting device could be envisaged).

Preferably, the laser cutting phase is automated. The part is then bent to obtain the two arms 42, as shown in FIG. 7. The drive means are thus rapidly obtained with a minimum amount of labour (which obviously reduces the cost of the parts).

Once this drive assembly has been obtained, the scraping rings are mounted inside the bushes, and then the assembly is attached to a drive carriage before it is all installed onto translation guide means for the carriage along the UV lights of a water disinfection device.

As already stated, the rings are mounted by deforming them such that the external diameter permits it to be inserted into a bush of the drive assembly. When the ring is released, it takes its initial form so that the bush is inserted into the groove of the ring.