Title:
Compounds, Compositions Containing Them, Preparation Thereof and Uses Thereof I
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
Compounds of Formula I, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, and G are as defined in the specification as well as salts and pharmaceutical compositions including the compounds are prepared. They are useful in therapy, in particular in the management of pain.




Inventors:
Page, Daniel (Quebec, CA)
Liu, Ziping (Quebec, CA)
Tremblay, Maxime (Quebec, CA)
Walpole, Christopher (Quebec, CA)
Yang, Hua (Quebec, CA)
Application Number:
12/466415
Publication Date:
09/03/2009
Filing Date:
05/15/2009
Assignee:
ASTRAZENECA AB (Sodertalje, SE)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A61K31/4184; A61P1/00; A61P9/00; A61P25/00; A61P35/00
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
ANDERSON, REBECCA L
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
POLSINELLI PC (HOUSTON, TX, US)
Claims:
1. 1-10. (canceled)

11. A method for the treatment of anxiety disorders comprising the step of administering to said animal in need of such therapy a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, diastereomers, enantiomers, or mixtures thereof: wherein G is selected from —O— and —CF2—; R1 is selected from C1-6alkyl and C3-6cycloalkyl; R2 is selected from —H and methyl; and R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl.

12. A method for the treatment of cancer, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, Alzheimer's disease, gastrointestinal disorders and cardiovascular disorders comprising the step of administering to said animal in need of such therapy a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, diastereomers, enantiomers, or mixtures thereof: wherein G is selected from —O— and —CF2 R1 is selected from C1-6alkyl and C3-6cycloalkyl; R2 is selected from —H and methyl; and R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl.

13. (canceled)

14. A method for the therapy of pain in a warm-blooded animal, comprising the step of administering to said animal in need of such therapy a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, diastereomers, enantiomers, or mixtures thereof: wherein G is selected from —O— and —CF2—; R1 is selected from C1-6alkyl and C3cycloalkyl; R2 is selected from —H and methyl; and R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl.

15. (canceled)

16. The method as claimed in claim 14, wherein R1 is selected from C1-4alkyl and C3-4cycloalkyl.

17. The method as claimed in claim 14, wherein G is —O—; R1 is selected from ethyl, propyl and cyclopropyl; and R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl with R3, R4 and R5 being the same.

18. The method as claimed in claim 14, wherein G is —CF2—; R1 is selected from ethyl, propyl and cyclopropyl; and R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl with R3, R4 and R5 being the same.

19. The method as claim 14, wherein the compound is selected from

20. The method as claimed in claim 14, wherein G is selected from —O—, —CHF— and —CF2—; R1 is selected from C1-6alkyl and C3-6cycloalkyl; R2 is selected from —H and methyl; and R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl.

21. The method as claimed in claim 20, wherein G is selected from —CHF— and —CF2—.

22. The method as claimed in claim 20, wherein R1 is selected from ethyl, propyl, t-butyl and cyclopropyl.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The invention is related to therapeutic compounds, pharmaceutical compositions containing these compounds, manufacturing processes thereof and uses thereof. Particularly, the present invention is related to compounds that may be effective in treating pain, cancer, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, Alzheimer's disease, anxiety disorders, gastrointestinal disorders and/or cardiovascular disorders.

2. Discussion of Relevant Technology

Pain management has been studied for many years. It is known that cannabinoid receptor (e.g., CB1 receptor, CB2 receptor) ligands including agonists, antagonists and inverse agonists produce relief of pain in a variety of animal models by interacting with CB1 and/or CB2 receptors. Generally, CB1 receptors are located predominately in the central nervous system, whereas CB2 receptors are located primarily in the periphery and are primarily restricted to the cells and tissues derived from the immune system.

While CB1 receptor agonists, such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) and anadamide, are useful in anti-nociception models in animals, they tend to exert undesired CNS side-effects, e.g., psychoactive side effects, the abuse potential, drug dependence and tolerance, etc. These undesired side effects are known to be mediated by the CB1 receptors located in CNS. There are lines of evidence, however, suggesting that CB1 agonists acting at peripheral sites or with limited CNS exposure can manage pain in humans or animals with much improved overall in vivo profile.

Therefore, there is a need for new CB1 receptor ligands such as agonists that may be useful in managing pain or treating other related symptoms or diseases with reduced or minimal undesirable CNS side-effects.

DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

The present invention provides CB1 receptor ligands which may be useful in treating pain and/or other related symptoms or diseases.

The term “Cm-n” or “Cm-n group” used alone or as a prefix, refers to any group having m to n carbon atoms.

The term “alkyl” used alone or as a suffix or prefix, refers to a saturated monovalent straight or branched chain hydrocarbon radical comprising 1 to about 12 carbon atoms. Illustrative examples of alkyls include, but are not limited to, C1-4alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, 2-methyl-1-propyl, 2-methyl-2-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl.

The term “cycloalkyl,” used alone or as suffix or prefix, refers to a saturated monovalent ring-containing hydrocarbon radical comprising at least 3 up to about 12 carbon atoms. Examples of cycloalkyls include, but are not limited to, C3-7cycloalkyl groups, such as cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, and cycloheptyl, and saturated cyclic and bicyclic terpenes. A cycloalkyl can be unsubstituted or substituted by one or two suitable substituents. Preferably, the cycloalkyl is a monocyclic ring or bicyclic ring.

The term “alkoxy” used alone or as a suffix or prefix, refers to radicals of the general formula —O—R, wherein R is an alkyl. Exemplary alkoxy includes methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, t-butoxy, and isobutoxy.

Halogen includes fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

“RT” or “rt” means room temperature.

In one aspect, an embodiment of the invention provides a compound of Formula I, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, diastereomers, enantiomers, or mixtures thereof:

wherein

G is selected from —O—, —CHF— and —CF2—;

R1 is selected from C1-6alkyl and C3-6cycloalkyl;

R2 is selected from —H and methyl; and

R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl.

In another embodiment, the compounds may be those of formula I, wherein

G is selected from —O— and —CF2—;

R1 is selected from C1-6alkyl and C3-6cycloalkyl;

R2 is selected from —H and methyl; and

R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula I,

wherein

G is selected from —O— and —CF2—;

R1 is selected from C1-4alkyl and C3-4cycloalkyl;

R2 selected from —H and methyl; and

R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl.

A further embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula I, wherein

G is —O—;

R1 is selected from ethyl, propyl and cyclopropyl;

R2 selected from —H and methyl; and

R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl with R3, R4 and R5 being the same.

An even further embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula I,

wherein

G is —CF2—;

R1 is selected from ethyl, propyl and cyclopropyl;

R2 selected from —H and methyl; and

R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl with R3, R4 and R5 being the same.

An even further embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula I,

wherein

G is —CHF—;

R1 is selected from ethyl, propyl, t-butyl and cyclopropyl;

R2 selected from —H and methyl; and

R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from fluoro and methyl with R3, R4 and R5 being the same.

In another embodiment, R1 of formula I is selected from ethyl, propyl, t-butyl and cyclopropyl.

In another embodiment, G of formula I is —CHF— or —CF2—.

In another embodiment, R3, R4 and R5 of formula I are selected from fluoro and methyl with R3, and R5 being the same.

In another embodiment, the compound of the invention may be selected from N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylcyclopropanesulfonamide;

  • N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylpropane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylbutane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylbutane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-methyl-N-[1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]propane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-methyl-N-[1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]cyclopropanesulfonamide;
  • N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylpentane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylethanesulfonamide;
  • N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N,2-dimethylpropane-2-sulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylpropane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylethanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}propane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}methanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}cyclopropanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylcyclopropanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-2-methylpropane-2-sulfonamide;
  • N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]cyclopropanesulfonamide;
  • N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]ethanesulfonamide;
  • N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-2-methylpropane-2-sulfonamide;
  • N-[2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylethanesulfonamide;
  • N-[2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylpropane-1-sulfonamide;
  • N-[2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylcyclopropanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}cyclopropanesulfonamide;
  • N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-2-methylpropane-2-sulfonamide;
    and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

A further embodiment of the invention provides a compound selected from

It will be understood that when compounds of the present invention contain one or more chiral centers, the compounds of the invention may exist in, and be isolated as, enantiomeric or diastereomeric forms, or as a racemic mixture. The present invention includes any possible enantiomers, diastereomers, racemates or mixtures thereof, of a compound of Formula I. The optically active forms of the compound of the invention may be prepared, for example, by chiral chromatographic separation of a racemate, by synthesis from optically active starting materials or by asymmetric synthesis based on the procedures described thereafter.

It will also be appreciated that certain compounds of the present invention may exist as geometrical isomers, for example E and Z isomers of alkenes. The present invention includes any geometrical isomer of a compound of Formula I. It will further be understood that the present invention encompasses tautomers of the compounds of the Formula I.

It will also be understood that certain compounds of the present invention may exist in solvated, for example hydrated, as well as unsolvated forms. It will further be understood that the present invention encompasses all such solvated forms of the compounds of the Formula I.

Within the scope of the invention are also salts of the compounds of the Formula I. Generally, pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of the present invention may be obtained using standard procedures well known in the art, for example by reacting a sufficiently basic compound, for example an alkyl amine with a suitable acid, for example, HCl or acetic acid, to afford a physiologically acceptable anion. It may also be possible to make a corresponding alkali metal (such as sodium, potassium, or lithium) or an alkaline earth metal (such as a calcium) salt by treating a compound of the present invention having a suitably acidic proton, such as a carboxylic acid or a phenol with one equivalent of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal hydroxide or alkoxide (such as the ethoxide or methoxide), or a suitably basic organic amine (such as choline or meglumine) in an aqueous medium, followed by conventional purification techniques.

In one embodiment, the compound of Formula I above may be converted to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, particularly, an acid addition salt such as a hydrochloride, hydrobromide, phosphate, acetate, fumarate, maleate, tartrate, citrate, methanesulphonate orp-toluenesulphonate.

We have now found that the compounds of the invention have activity as pharmaceuticals, in particular as modulators or ligands such as agonists, partial agonists, inverse agonist or antagonists of CB1 receptors. More particularly, the compounds of the invention exhibit selective activity as agonist of the CB1 receptors and are useful in therapy, especially for relief of various pain conditions such as chronic pain, neuropathic pain, acute pain, cancer pain, pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis, migraine, visceral pain etc. This list should however not be interpreted as exhaustive. Additionally, compounds of the present invention are useful in other disease states in which dysfunction of CB1 receptors is present or implicated. Furthermore, the compounds of the invention may be used to treat cancer, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, Alzheimer's disease, anxiety disorders, gastrointestinal disorders and cardiovascular disorders.

Compounds of the invention are useful as immunomodulators, especially for autoimmune diseases, such as arthritis, for skin grafts, organ transplants and similar surgical needs, for collagen diseases, various allergies, for use as anti-tumour agents and anti viral agents.

Compounds of the invention are useful in disease states where degeneration or dysfunction of cannabinoid receptors is present or implicated in that paradigm. This may involve the use of isotopically labelled versions of the compounds of the invention in diagnostic techniques and imaging applications such as positron emission tomography (PET).

Compounds of the invention are useful for the treatment of diarrhea, depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorders, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and obsessive compulsive disorder, urinary incontinence, premature ejaculation, various mental illnesses, cough, lung oedema, various gastro-intestinal disorders, e.g. constipation, functional gastrointestinal disorders such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Functional Dyspepsia, Parkinson's disease and other motor disorders, traumatic brain injury, stroke, cardioprotection following myocardial infarction, spinal injury and drug addiction, including the treatment of alcohol, nicotine, opioid and other drug abuse and for disorders of the sympathetic nervous system for example hypertension.

Compounds of the invention are useful as an analgesic agent for use during general anaesthesia and monitored anaesthesia care. Combinations of agents with different properties are often used to achieve a balance of effects needed to maintain the anaesthetic state (e.g. amnesia, analgesia, muscle relaxation and sedation). Included in this combination are inhaled anesthetics, hypnotics, anxiolytics, neuromuscular blockers and opioids.

Also within the scope of the invention is the use of any of the compounds according to the Formula I above, for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of any of the conditions discussed above.

A further aspect of the invention is a method for the treatment of a subject suffering from any of the conditions discussed above, whereby an effective amount of a compound according to the Formula I above, is administered to a patient in need of such treatment.

Thus, the invention provides a compound of Formula I or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, as hereinbefore defined for use in therapy.

In a further aspect, the present invention provides the use of a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, as hereinbefore defined in the manufacture of a medicament for use in therapy.

In the context of the present specification, the term “therapy” also includes “prophylaxis” unless there are specific indications to the contrary. The term “therapeutic” and “therapeutically” should be construed accordingly. The term “therapy” within the context of the present invention further encompasses to administer an effective amount of a compound of the present invention, to mitigate either a pre-existing disease state, acute or chronic, or a recurring condition. This definition also encompasses prophylactic therapies for prevention of recurring conditions and continued therapy for chronic disorders.

The compounds of the present invention are useful in therapy, especially for the therapy of various pain conditions including, but not limited to: acute pain, chronic pain, neuropathic pain, back pain, cancer pain, and visceral pain.

In use for therapy in a warm-blooded animal such as a human, the compound of the invention may be administered in the form of a conventional pharmaceutical composition by any route including orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, topically, intranasally, intraperitoneally, intrathoracially, intravenously, epidurally, intrathecally, transdermally, intracerebroventricularly and by injection into the joints.

In one embodiment of the invention, the route of administration may be oral, intravenous or intramuscular.

The dosage will depend on the route of administration, the severity of the disease, age and weight of the patient and other factors normally considered by the attending physician, when determining the individual regimen and dosage level at the most appropriate for a particular patient.

For preparing pharmaceutical compositions from the compounds of this invention, inert, pharmaceutically acceptable carriers can be either solid and liquid. Solid form preparations include powders, tablets, dispersible granules, capsules, cachets, and suppositories.

A solid carrier can be one or more substances, which may also act as diluents, flavoring agents, solubilizers, lubricants, suspending agents, binders, or table disintegrating agents; it can also be an encapsulating material.

In powders, the carrier is a finely divided solid, which is in a mixture with the finely divided compound of the invention, or the active component. In tablets, the active component is mixed with the carrier having the necessary binding properties in suitable proportions and compacted in the shape and size desired.

For preparing suppository compositions, a low-melting wax such as a mixture of fatty acid glycerides and cocoa butter is first melted and the active ingredient is dispersed therein by, for example, stirring. The molten homogeneous mixture in then poured into convenient sized moulds and allowed to cool and solidify.

Suitable carriers are magnesium carbonate, magnesium stearate, talc, lactose, sugar, pectin, dextrin, starch, tragacanth, methyl cellulose, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, a low-melting wax, cocoa butter, and the like.

The term composition is also intended to include the formulation of the active component with encapsulating material as a carrier providing a capsule in which the active component (with or without other carriers) is surrounded by a carrier which is thus in association with it. Similarly, cachets are included.

Tablets, powders, cachets, and capsules can be used as solid dosage forms suitable for oral administration.

Liquid form compositions include solutions, suspensions, and emulsions. For example, sterile water or water propylene glycol solutions of the active compounds may be liquid preparations suitable for parenteral administration. Liquid compositions can also be formulated in solution in aqueous polyethylene glycol solution.

Aqueous solutions for oral administration can be prepared by dissolving the active component in water and adding suitable colorants, flavoring agents, stabilizers, and thickening agents as desired. Aqueous suspensions for oral use can be made by dispersing the finely divided active component in water together with a viscous material such as natural synthetic gums, resins, methyl cellulose, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, and other suspending agents known to the pharmaceutical formulation art.

Depending on the mode of administration, the pharmaceutical composition will preferably include from 0.05% to 99% w (percent by weight), more preferably from 0.10 to 50% w, of the compound of the invention, all percentages by weight being based on total composition.

A therapeutically effective amount for the practice of the present invention may be determined, by the use of known criteria including the age, weight and response of the individual patient, and interpreted within the context of the disease which is being treated or which is being prevented, by one of ordinary skills in the art.

Within the scope of the invention is the use of any compound of Formula I as defined above for the manufacture of a medicament.

Also within the scope of the invention is the use of any compound of Formula I for the manufacture of a medicament for the therapy of pain.

Additionally provided is the use of any compound according to Formula I for the manufacture of a medicament for the therapy of various pain conditions including, but not limited to: acute pain, chronic pain, neuropathic pain, back pain, cancer pain, and visceral pain.

A further aspect of the invention is a method for therapy of a subject suffering from any of the conditions discussed above, whereby an effective amount of a compound according to the Formula I above, is administered to a patient in need of such therapy.

Additionally, there is provided a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in association with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

Particularly, there is provided a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in association with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for therapy, more particularly for therapy of pain.

Further, there is provided a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in association with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier use in any of the conditions discussed above.

In a further aspect, the present invention provides a method of preparing the compounds of the present invention.

In one embodiment, the invention provides a process for preparing a compound of Formula I, comprising:

reacting a compound of Formula II with a compound of formula III,

wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and G are as defined above.

Compounds of the present invention may also be prepared according to the synthetic routes as depicted in Schemes 1, 2 and 3.

Biological Evaluation

hCB1 and hCB2 receptor binding

Human CB1 receptor from Receptor Biology (hCB1) or human CB2 receptor from BioSignal (hCB2) membranes are thawed at 37° C., passed 3 times through a 25-gauge blunt-end needle, diluted in the cannabinoid binding buffer (50 mM Tris, 2.5 mM EDTA, 5 mM MgCl2, and 0.5 mg/mL BSA fatty acid free, pH 7.4) and aliquots containing the appropriate amount of protein are distributed in 96-well plates. The IC50 of the compounds of the invention at hCB1 and hCB2 are evaluated from 10-point dose-response curves done with 3H—CP55,940 at 20000 to 25000 dpm per well (0.17-0.21 nM) in a final volume of 300 μl. The total and non-specific binding are determined in the absence and presence of 0.2 μM of HU210 respectively. The plates are vortexed and incubated for 60 minutes at room temperature, filtered through Unifilters GF/B (presoaked in 0.1% polyethyleneimine) with the Tomtec or Packard harvester using 3 mL of wash buffer (50 mM Tris, 5 mM MgCl2, 0.5 mg BSA pH 7.0). The filters are dried for 1 hour at 55° C. The radioactivity (cpm) is counted in a TopCount (Packard) after adding 65 μl/well of MS-20 scintillation liquid.

hCB_and hCB2 GTPγS Binding

Human CB1 receptor from Receptor Biology (hCB1) or human CB2 receptor membranes (BioSignal) are thawed at 37° C., passed 3 times through a 25-gauge blunt-end needle and diluted in the GTPγS binding buffer (50 mM Hepes, 20 mM NaOH, 100 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 5 mM MgCl2, pH 7.4, 0.1% BSA). The EC50 and Emax of the compounds of the invention are evaluated from 10-point dose-response curves done in 300 μl with the appropriate amount of membrane protein and 100000-130000 dpm of GTPg35S per well (0.11-10.14 nM). The basal and maximal stimulated binding is determined in absence and presence of 1 μM (hCB2) or 10 μM (hCB1) Win 55, 212-2 respectively. The membranes are pre-incubated for 5 minutes with 56.25 μM (hCB2) or 112.5 μM (hCB1) GDP prior to distribution in plates (15 μM (hCB2) or 30 μM (hCB1) GDP final). The plates are vortexed and incubated for 60 minutes at room temperature, filtered on Unifilters GF/B (presoaked in water) with the Tomtec or Packard harvester using 3 ml of wash buffer (50 mM Tris, 5 mM MgCl2, 50 mM NaCl, pH 7.0). The filters are dried for 1 hour at 55° C. The radioactivity (cpm) is counted in a TopCount (Packard) after adding 65 μl/well of MS-20 scintillation liquid. Antagonist reversal studies are done in the same way except that (a) an agonist dose-response curve is done in the presence of a constant concentration of antagonist, or (b) an antagonist dose-response curve is done in the presence of a constant concentration of agonist.

Based on the above assays, the dissociation constant (Ki) for a particular compound of the invention towards a particular receptor is determined using the following equation:


Ki=IC50/(1+[rad]/Kd),

Wherein IC50 is the concentration of the compound of the invention at which 50% displacement has been observed;

[rad] is a standard or reference radioactive ligand concentration at that moment; and

Kd is the dissociation constant of the radioactive ligand towards the particular receptor.

Using the above-mentioned assays, the Ki towards human CB1 receptors for certain compounds of the invention are in the range of between 3 nM and 195 nM. EC50 for these compounds are in the range of between 2.3 nM and 300 nM. Emax for these compounds are in the range of between 109% and 144%.

Assay Condition for Measuring Solubility

A 30 mM DMSO stock is prepared of the sample and then a 25 μL aliquot is added to a 96-well plate and genevac at 40° C. for 4 hours. To the genevac compound add 250 μL of sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and then mix at 1200 rpm for 24 h using an Eppendorf Thermomixer at 25° C. After mixing solution is transferred to a 96-well Whatman GF/B filter plate and then filtered under vacuum. The supernatant is then injected onto the LC/MS for analysis and quantitation is performed using a 1-point calibration for the compound of interest.

Metabolic Stability Assays in Rat and Human Liver Microsomes

A solution of 500 μl of 100 μM compound in DMSO is incubated with human or rat liver microsomes (843 μl of microsomes of 0.5618 mg/mL in 30 ml 0.1 M KH2PO4 buffer pH7.4) at 37° C. for 10 min in a 96-deep well plate. NADPH (46 μL) at a concentration of 8.33 mg/ml in 100 mM KH2PO4 buffer pH 7.4 is added to start the reaction. The reaction mixtures are transferred to a 384-well plate containing acetonitrile to quench the reaction at time 0, 10, 20, 30 minutes. The 384 well plate is centrifuged for 30 min at 9000 g, at 4° C., from which samples are analyzed by LC/MS (model: XDB Eclipse C18). Three references are analyzed by LC/MS as a positive control. Data are processed following a standard procedure. The metabolic stability of assayed compounds is expressed as μL/min/mg

In addition, metabolic stabilities (hClint and rClint) and soluabilities (aqueous) of selected compounds of the invention are determined using one or more assays described above. It is found that the selected compounds have improved metabolic stabilities and/or soluabilities in water. The metabolic stabilities and soluabilities for these selected compounds are illustrated in Table 1 below.

TABLE 1
Metabolic stabilities (hClint and rClint) and soluabilities:
Solubility (M)hCLint (ul/min/mg)rCLint (ul/min/mg)
3.78945E-0610.698.04
7.35806E-065.7611.74
4.3035E-067.4123.38
0.000005937.7710.24
0.0000518555.27<4.0
0.0003533375.7262.60
0.000000618.0315.36
0.00000051<4.0006.87
0.00023307<4.00N/A
0.0001541811.51N/A

EXAMPLES

The invention will further be described in more detail by the following Examples which describe methods whereby compounds of the present invention may be prepared, purified, analyzed and biologically tested, and which are not to be construed as limiting the invention.

Example 1

N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylcyclopropanesulfonamide

Step A: N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylcyclopropanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (for preparation, see following steps B to F) (50 mg, 0.166 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 5 mL of DCM. Cyclopropanesulfonyl chloride (30 mg, 0.216 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt overnight. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 56 mg (65%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 0.90-0.94 (m, 2H), 0.97-1.02 (m, 2H), 1.53-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.59-1.65 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 2.36-2.42 (m, 1H), 2.60-2.65 (m, 1H), 3.36 (m, 2H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 3.94 (d, J=3.58 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (d, J=3.07 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 2H), 7.74 (dd, J=8.96, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=1.54 Hz, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=8.96 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 406.0.

Step B: Methyl (4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)carbamate

Methyl chloroformate (13.2 mL, 170.2 mmol) was added dropwise to a cold (0° C.) dichloromethane (200 mL) solution of 4-fluoro-3-nitro aniline (24.15 g, 154.7 mmol) and DIPEA (35 mL, 201 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The solution was then diluted with 200 mL of dichloromethane and washed with 2M HCl, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was concentrated and the product was directly used for the next step without further purification. Yield: 35.5 g (99%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 3.81 (s, 3H), 7.02 (s, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 7.72 (d, J=8.59 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (dd, J=6.35, 2.64 Hz, 1H).

Step C: Methyl {3-nitro-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}carbamate

Methyl (4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)carbamate (2.0 g, 9.32 mmol) and 4-aminomethyl tetrahydropyran (1.28 g, 11.2 mmol) were stirred in 50 mL of EtOH containing TEA (2.0 mL, 14.0 mmol) at 75° C. for 48 h. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous 5% KHSO4, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 1:1/hexanes:EtOAc as eluent. Yield: 2.53 g (88%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.42 (m, 2H), 1.73 (d, J=1.76 Hz, 1H), 1.76 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H), 1.88-2.01 (m, 1H), 3.22 (dd, J=6.74, 5.57 Hz, 2H), 3.42 (m, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 4.01 (d, J=4.30 Hz, 1H), 4.04 (d, J=3.51 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (br.s, 1H), 6.85 (d, J=9.37 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (br.s, 1H), 8.03-8.09 (m, 2H).

Step D: Methyl {3-amino-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}carbamate

Methyl {3-nitro-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}carbamate (2.53 g, 8.18 mmol) was dissolved in 50 mL of EtOAc containing a catalytic amount of 10% Pd/C. The solution was shaken under H2 atmosphere (40 psi) using a Parr hydrogenation apparatus overnight at rt. The solution was filtered through Celite and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 2.29 g (99%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.40 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.74 (m, 1H), 1.74-1.77 (m, 1H), 1.81-1.92 (m, 1H), 2.99 (d, J=6.64 Hz, 2H), 3.34 (br.s, 2H), 3.41 (m, 2H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 3.99 (d, J=3.51 Hz, 1H), 4.02 (d, J=3.51 Hz, 1H), 6.38 (br.s, 1H), 6.55-6.60 (m, 1H), 6.62-6.68 (m, 1H), 6.95 (br.s, 1H).

Step E: Methyl [2-tert-butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]carbamate

Methyl {3-amino-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}carbamate (2.29 g, 8.20 mmol) and DMAP (0.20 g, 1.64 mmol) were dissolved in 75 mL of DCM. Trimethylacetyl chloride (1.10 mL, 9.02 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The residue was dissolved in 25 mL of AcOH and was heated at 125° C. for 1 h using a Personal Chemistry microwave apparatus. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 4:3/hexanes:acetone as eluent. Yield: 1.81 g (64%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.48-1.54 (m, 4H), 1.56 (s, 9H), 2.23-2.35 (m, 1H), 3.27-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.96 (t, J=2.93 Hz, 1H), 3.99 (t, J=3.03 Hz, 1H), 4.18 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 6.63 (br.s, 1H), 7.24-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.41 (br.s, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H).

Step F: 2-tert-Butyl-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine

Methyl [2-tert-butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]carbamate (1.80 g, 5.21 mmol) was dissolved in 75 mL of THF at 0° C. 1M HCl/ether (7.3 mL, 7.29 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at 0° C. for 15 min. LiAlH4 (988 mg, 26.1 mmol) was added slowly and the solution was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction was quenched at 0° C. by the addition of MeOH (5 mL) followed by water (10 mL) and the solution was left to stir at rt for 30 min. Anhydrous Na2SO4 (10 g) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for another 30 min. The solution was filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.54 g (98%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.49-1.53 (m, 4H), 1.53-1.57 (m, 9H), 2.22-2.32 (m, 1H), 2.87 (s, 3H), 3.26-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.95 (t, J=3.03 Hz, 1H), 3.97-4.00 (m, 1H), 4.13 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 6.61 (dd, J=8.59, 2.15 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (d, J=8.59 Hz, 1H).

Example 2

N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylpropane-1-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (for preparation, see Steps B to F of Example 1) (50 mg, 0.166 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 5 mL of DCM. 1-Propanesulfonyl chloride (0.024 mL, 0.216 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 3 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 60 mg (69%); 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.02 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.54-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 1.76-1.83 (m, 2H), 2.36-2.42 (m, 1H), 3.09-3.13 (m, 2H), 3.36 (m, 2H), 3.40 (s, 3H), 3.94 (d, J=3.58 Hz, 1H), 3.95 (d, J=3.58 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 2H), 7.70 (dd, J=8.96, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=1.79 Hz, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=8.96 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 408.0.

Example 3

N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylbutane-1-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine

(for preparation see Steps B, C, D, E and F of Example 1) (38 mg, 0.126 mmol) and 1-butanesulfonyl chloride (0.025 mL, 0.189 mmol) were stirred in 3 mL of DCM containing a catalytic amount of DMAP at rt overnight. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-60% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 39 mg (58%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4): δ 0.88-0.94 (m, 3H), 1.43 (m, 2H), 1.53-1.59 (m, 2H) 1.59-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 1.71-1.77 (m, 2H), 2.35-2.42 (m, 1H), 3.10-3.16 (m, 2H), 3.35 (m, 2H), 3.40 (s, 3H), 3.93 (d, J=3.12 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (d, J=3.71 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 7.69 (dd, J=8.98, 2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=1.56 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (d, J=8.98 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 422.2; Anal. Calcd for C22H35N3O3S+1.3 TFA+1.2H2O: C, 49.96; H, 6.60; N, 7.10.

Found: C, 49.98; H, 6.67; N, 6.83.

Example 4

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylbutane-1-sulfonamide

Step A: N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylbutane-1-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-N-methyl-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (for preparation see following Steps B, C, D, E, F and G) (46 mg, 0.137 mmol) and 1-butanesulfonyl chloride (0.063 mL, 0.411 mmol) were stirred in 3 mL of DCM containing a catalytic amount of DMAP at rt for 6 h. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-75% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 48 mg (62%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4): δ 0.92 (t, J=7.32 Hz, 3H), 1.43 (m, 2H), 1.52-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 1.70-1.76 (m, 4H), 1.76-1.84 (m, 2H), 2.02-2.12 (m, 2H), 2.22-2.31 (m, 1H), 3.10-3.17 (m, 2H), 3.41 (s, 3H), 4.56 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.69 (dd, J=8.98, 2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=1.76 Hz, 1H), 7.96 (d, J=9.18 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 456.

Step B: tert-Butyl [(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]carbamate

4-N-Boc-aminomethyl cyclohexanone (1.00 g, 4.4 mmol) was dissolved in 30 mL of DCM at 0° C. DAST (1.45 mL, 11.0 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt overnight. The solution was washed with aqueous 5% KHSO4 solution, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 3:1/hexanes EtOAc as eluent. Yield: 508 mg (46%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 1.19-1.36 (m, 2H), 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.51-1.56 (m, 1H), 1.59-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.84 (m, 2H), 2.01-2.16 (m, 2H), 3.03 (t, J=6.54 Hz, 2H), 4.62 (br.s, 1H).

Step C: [(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amine hydrochloride

tert-Butyl [(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]carbamate (505 mg, 2.03 mmol) was stirred in 5 mL of 1M HCl/AcOH at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was washed with ether, filtered and dried. Yield: 330 mg (88%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4): δ 1.28-1.40 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.82 (m, 2H), 1.84 (d, J=3.12 Hz, 2H), 1.86-1.89 (m, 1H), 2.03-2.15 (m, 2H), 2.85 (d, J=7.03 Hz, 2H).

Step D: Methyl (4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)carbamate

Following the same procedure as in Step C of Example 1 using [(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amine hydrochloride (210 mg, 1.12 mmol), methyl (4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)carbamate (200 mg, 0.934 mmol) and TEA (0.390 mL, 2.80 mmol) in 10 mL of EtOH. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 5% ether/DCM as eluent. Yield: 200 mg (62%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 1.34-1.47 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.85 (m, 1H), 1.90-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.94-1.97 (m, 1H), 2.10-2.21 (m, 2H), 3.23 (dd, J=6.64, 5.66 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 6.48 (br.s, 1H), 6.83 (d, J=9.18 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (br.s, 1H), 8.05 (br.s, 1H), 8.07 (d, J=2.54 Hz, 1H).

Step E: Methyl (3-amino-4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbamate

Following the same procedure as in Step D of Example 1 using methyl (4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)carbamate (200 mg, 0.583 mmol) and a catalytic amount of 10% Pd/C in 20 mL of EtOAc. Yield: 185 mg (99%). MS (ESI)(M+H)+ 314.29.

Step F: Methyl {2-tert-butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}carbamate

Methyl (3-amino-4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)carbamate (185 mg, 0.590 mmol) and DMAP (15 mg, 0.118 mmol) were dissolved in 10 mL of DCM. Trimethylacetyl chloride (0.080 mL, 0.649 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was concentrated. The residue was dissolved in 4 mL of DCE and P2O5 (catalytic) was added and the solution was heated at 125° C. for 1 h using a Personal Chemistry microwave apparatus.

The solution was washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 50 to 75% EtOAc/hexanes. Yield: 122 mg (54%); 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 1.43-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.55 (s, 9H), 1.57-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.74 (m, 2H), 2.08-2.18 (m, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 4.19 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 6.63 (br.s, 1H), 7.23 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H), 7.37-7.46 (m, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=1.76 Hz, 1H).

Step G: 2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-N-methyl-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine

Methyl {2-tert-butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}carbamate (115 mg, 0.303 mmol) was dissolved in 10 mL of THF at 0° C. 1M HCl/ether (0.425 mL, 0.424 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at 0° C. for 15 min. LiAlH4 (57 mg, 1.52 mmol) was added slowly and the solution was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction was quenched at 0° C. by the addition of MeOH (1 mL) and water (2 mL). Anhydrous Na2SO4 (5.0 g) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 30 min. The solution was filtered and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. Yield: 95 mg (93%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 1.41-1.51 (m, 2H), 1.54 (s, 9H), 1.57-1.67 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.76 (m, 3H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 3H), 2.87 (s, 3H), 4.15 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 6.61 (dd, J=8.59, 2.34 Hz, 1H), 7.01 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H), 7.09 (d, J=8.59 Hz, 1H).

Example 5

N-Methyl-N-[1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]propane-1-sulfonamide

Step A: N-Methyl-N-[1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]propane-1-sulfonamide

Propane-1-sulfonyl chloride (27 uL, 34 mg, 0.24 mmol) was added to a solution of N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (63 mg, 0.20 mmol) (see following steps B, C, D, E, F and G for preparation), DIPEA (49 uL, 36 mg, 0.28 mmol) and DMAP (5 mg, 0.04 mmol) in DCM (6 mL) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, diluted with DCM (50 mL), washed with saturated NaHCO3 (2×10 mL) and dried over Na2SO4. The crude product was purified by MPLC using Hex/EtOAc (1:1) on silica gel to give 40 mg (47%) of a white solid as the title compound. 1HNMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4): δ 1.00 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.38-1.53 (m, 4H), 1.70-1.88 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.30 (m, 1H), 3.01-3.11 (m, 2H), 3.28-3.33 (m, 2H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 3.88-3.91 (m, 2H), 4.30 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.55 (dd, J=8.79, 1.76 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=8.98 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=1.56 Hz, 1H). MS (ESI) (M+H)+=420.0. Anal. Calcd for C18H24F3N3O3S+0.20H2O+0.30 CH3OH(432.68): C, 50.80; H, 5.96; N, 9.71; Found: C, 50.79; H, 5.91; N, 9.69.

Step B. N-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide

4-Fluoro-3-nitro-aniline (45.0 g, 0.288 mol) was added in portions to acetic anhydride (150 mL) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The white solid was collected and dried in vacuo to give the title compound (42.0 g, 70%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 2.23 (s, 3H), 7.26 (m, 1H), 7.50 (s broad, 1H), 7.87 (m, 1H), 8.23 (dd, J=6.44, 2.73 Hz, 1H).

Step C: N-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-N-methylacetamide

Sodium hydride (4.22 g, 60%, 106 mmol) was added portionwise to a solution of N-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide (13.9 g, 70 mmol) in THF (200 mL) at 0° C. Stirring for 20 min, iodomethane (18.5 g, 130 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, quenched with saturated NaHCO3 (30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3×100 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with saturated NaCl (2×50 mL). After filtration and concentration, 13.1 g (88%) of the title compound was obtained as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 1.92 (s, 3H), 3.30 (s, 3H), 7.38 (s, 1H), 7.52 (s, 1H), 7.95 (s, 1H).

Step D. N-methyl-N-{3-nitro-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}acetamide

4-Aminomethyltetrahydropyran (10.0 g, 86.5 mmol) was added to a mixture of N-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)-N-methylacetamide (15.6 g, 73.3 mmol) and TEA (15.3 mL, 11.1 g, 110 mmol) in EtOH (300 mL) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was heated for 6 h at reflux. Upon evaporation of ethanol, the residue was dissolved in EtOAc (400 mL), washed with H2O (3×50 mL), saturated NaCl (3×50 mL), and dried over Na2SO4. After filtration and concentration, 21.7 g (96%) of the title compound was obtained as an orange-red solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 1.38-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.90 (s, 3H), 1.93-2.02 (m, 1H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 3.23-3.27 (m, 2H), 3.36-3.49 (m, 2H), 4.01-4.07 (m, 2H), 6.91 (d, J=9.18 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (dd, J=9.08, 2.64 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (d, J=2.34 Hz, 1H), 8.22 (t, J=5.37 Hz, 1H). MS (ESI) (M+H)+=309.12.

Step E. N-{3-Amino-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}-N-methylacetamide

N-Methyl-N-{3-nitro-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}acetamide (21.7 g, 70.5 mmol) was hydrogenated in ethyl acetate (500 mL) catalyzed by 10% Pd/C (1.0 g) at 30-40 psi H2 in Parr shaker for 18 h at room temperature. After filtration through celite and concentration, 19.6 g (100%) of a purple solid was obtained. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D): δ 1.35-1.50 (m, 2H), 1.67 (s, 1H), 1.73-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.88 (s, 3H), 1.88-1.99 (m, 1H), 3.04 (d, J=6.64 Hz, 2H), 3.20 (s, 3H), 3.33-3.48 (m, 4H), 3.97-4.08 (m, 2H), 6.54 (d, J=1.76 Hz, 1H), 6.60-6.63 (m, 2H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+: 278.7

Step F. N-Methyl-N-[1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]acetamide

A solution of N-{3-amino-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}-N-methylacetamide hydrochloride (2.77 g, 10 mmol) in trifluoroacetic acid (60 mL) was heated to reflux for 18 h. After evaporation of the solvent, the residue was dissolved in EtOAc (200 mL), washed with 2N NaOH (2×10 mL) and dried over Na2SO4. The crude product was purified by MPLC using EtOAc on silica gel to give 3.18 g (90%) of a white solid as the title compound. MS (ESI) (M+H)+=356.02.

Step G. N-Methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine

N-Methyl-N-[1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]acetamide (3.18 g, 8.95 mmol) was dissolved in hydrochloric acid

(37%, 60 mL) and then heated overnight at 95° C. After concentration, the residue was treated with 20 mL of 2N NaOH, extracted with EtOAc (4×50 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine (20 mL) and dried over Na2SO4. After evaporation, 2.80 g (100%) of a purple white solid was obtained as the title product, which was used directly for Step H. MS (ESI) (M+H)+=314.20.

Example 6

N-Methyl-N-[1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]cyclopropanesulfonamide

Following the procedure in Example 5, using cyclopropanesulfonyl chloride (34 mg, 0.24 mmol), N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (63 mg, 0.20 mmol) (for preparation, see the step G in example 1), DIPEA (49 uL, 36 mg, 0.28 mmol) and DMAP (5 mg, 0.04 mmol) in DCM (6 mL) at 0° C. The crude product was purified by MPLC using Hex/EtOAc (1:1) on silica gel to give 81 mg (97%) of a white solid as the title compound. 1HNMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4): δ 0.85-0.92 (m, 2H), 0.93-1.01 (m, 2H), 1.37-1.52 (m, 4H), 2.18-2.31 (m, 1H), 2.55-2.65 (m, 1H), 3.30-3.36 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 3.86-3.95 (m, 2H), 4.32 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.58 (dd, J=8.89, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H) 7.86 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H). MS (ESI) (M+H)+=418.0. Anal. Calcd for C18H22F3N3O3S+0.10H2O+0.20 CH3OH (425.66): C, 51.36; H, 5.45; N, 9.87; Found: C, 51.39; H, 5.49; N, 9.92.

Example 7

N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylpentane-1-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (65 mg, 0.216 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 3 mL of DCE. n-Pentylsulfonyl chloride (44 mg, 0.259 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 4 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 89 mg (75%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 0.89 (t, J=7.13 Hz, 3H), 1.26-1.34 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.43 (m, 2H), 1.52-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.58-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 1.71-1.80 (m, 2H), 2.34-2.43 (m, 1H), 3.09-3.16 (m, 2H), 3.36 (td, J=11.47, 2.64 Hz, 2H), 3.40 (s, 3H) 3.93 (d, J=3.12 Hz, 1H), 3.95-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.55 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.69 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=1.56 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (d, J=8.59 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 436.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C23H37N3O3S+1.1 TFA+0.9H2O; C, 52.43; H, 6.97; N, 7.28. Found: C, 52.39; H, 6.96; N, 7.43.

Example 8

N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylethanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (50 mg, 0.166 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 3 mL of DCE. Ethanesulfonyl chloride (0.020 mL, 0.215 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 12 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 70 mg (83%). 1H NMR (600 MHz, CD3OD) δ 1.31 (t, J=7.30 Hz, 3H), 1.53-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.58-1.65 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 2.35-2.42 (m, 1H), 3.16 (m, 2H), 3.35 (m, 2H), 3.41 (s, 3H), 3.94 (d, J=3.84 Hz, 1H), 3.95 (d, J=3.84 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 2H), 7.69 (dd, J=9.09, 1.92 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=1.79 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (d, J=8.96 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 394.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C20H31N3O3S+1.4 TFA: C, 49.50; H, 5.90; N, 7.60. Found: C, 49.51; H, 6.00; N, 7.24.

Example 9

N-[2-tert-Butyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N,2-dimethylpropane-2-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (50 mg, 0.166 mmol) and DMAP (20 mg, 0.166 mmol) were dissolved in 3 mL of DCM. t-Butylsulfinyl chloride (0.027 mL, 0.215 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. 3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid (37 mg, 0.166 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solution washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 34 mg (38%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.37 (s, 9H), 1.52-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.59-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 2.34-2.44 (m, 1H), 3.36 (m, 2H), 3.48 (s, 3H), 3.93 (d, J=3.32 Hz, 1H), 3.95-3.97 (m, 1H), 4.54 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.78 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.96 (d, J=9.18 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 422.0.

Example 10

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylpropane-1-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-N-methyl-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (45 mg, 0.134 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 3 mL of DCE. Propanesulfonyl chloride (0.020 mL, 0.174 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 4 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 55 mg (74%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.00 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.51-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.66 (s, 9H), 1.68-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.81 (m, 4H), 2.00-2.11 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.29 (m, 1H) 3.06-3.12 (m, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 4.54 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.67 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (d, J=1.56 Hz, 1H), 7.94 (d, J=8.98 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 442.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C22H33N3O2SF2+1.0 TFA+1.6H2O: C, 49.32; H, 6.42; N, 7.10. Found: C, 49.39; H, 6.66; N, 6.71.

Example 11

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylethanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-N-methyl-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (49 mg, 0.146 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 3 mL of DCM. Ethanesulfonyl chloride (0.018 mL, 0.190 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 12 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 58 mg (73%). 1H NMR (600 MHz, MeOD) δ 1.31 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.34-1.41 (m, 2H), 1.54-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.69 (s, 9H), 1.72-1.80 (m, 2H), 2.03-2.11 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.30 (m, 1H), 3.17 (q, J=7.25 Hz, 2H), 3.41 (s, 3H), 4.56 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 2H), 7.70 (dd, J=8.96, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.96 (d, J=8.96 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 428.0.

Example 12

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}propane-1-sulfonamide

Step A: N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}propane-1-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (for preparation, see the following steps B to E) (45 mg, 0.140 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 3 mL of DCM. Propanesulfonyl chloride (0.020 mL, 0.182 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 4 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 39 mg (51%). 1H NMR (600 MHz, CD3OD) δ 1.00 (t, J=7.55 Hz, 3H), 1.53-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.67 (s, 9H), 1.70-1.77 (m, 3H), 1.77-1.85 (m, 3H), 2.02-2.11 (m, 2H), 2.22-2.29 (m, 1H), 3.08-3.13 (m, 2H), 4.53 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 7.41 (dd, J=9.09, 1.92 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=1.79 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J=9.22 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 428.0.

Step B: N-(4-{[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide

N-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide (1.15 g, 5.84 mmol) and [(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amine hydrochloride (1.30 g, 7.59 mmol) were stirred in 30 mL of EtOH containing TEA (2.40 mL, 17.5 mmol) at 80° C. for 48 h. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous 5% KHSO4 solution, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The product was crystallized from EtOAc. The left over mother liquor was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 2:1/hexanes:acetone as eluent. Yield: 1.50 g (78%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.33-1.47 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.77 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.86 (m, 1H), 1.89-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.93-1.97 (m, 1H), 2.10-2.17 (m, 2H), 2.18 (s, 3H), 3.23 (dd, J=6.74, 5.76 Hz, 2H), 6.83 (d, J=9.37 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (s, 1H), 7.80 (dd, J=9.18, 2.54 Hz, 1H), 8.09 (d, J=2.54 Hz, 2H).

Step C: N-(3-Amino-4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)acetamide

N-(4-{[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide (1.48 g, 4.52 mmol) was dissolved in 50 mL of EtOAc containing a catalytic amount of 10% Pd/C. The solution was shaken in a Parr hydrogenation apparatus under H2 atmosphere (45 psi) at rt for 24 h. The solution was filtered through Celite and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 1.32 g (98%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.31-1.43 (m, 2H), 1.64-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.82 (m, 1H), 1.89-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.93-1.96 (m, 1H), 2.08-2.17 (m, 5H), 3.00 (d, J=6.64 Hz, 2H), 3.27-3.46 (m, 2H), 6.55 (d, J=8.40 Hz, 1H), 6.70 (dd, J=8.40, 2.34 Hz, 1H), 7.01 (s, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=2.34 Hz, 1H).

Step D: N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}acetamide

N-(3-Amino-4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)acetamide (1.32 g 4.44 mmol) was dissolved in 100 mL of DCM containing DMAP (108 mg, 0.89 mmol). Trimethylacetyl chloride (0.60 mL, 4.88 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. Part of the product precipitated during the washings and was filtered. The organic phase was evaporated and combined with the precipitate. The product was dissolved in 30 mL of AcOH and placed in 6 sealed tubes (5 mL/tube). Each tube was heated at 150° C. in a Personal Chemistry microwaves instrument for 2.5 h. The fractions were pooled and the solvent was evaporated. The product was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 2:1/acetone:hexanes as eluent. Yield: 1.11 g (68%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.40-1.49 (m, 2H), 1.52 (s, 9H), 1.60-1.65 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.77 (m, 1H), 1.96-2.06 (m, 3H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 2.15-2.23 (m, 1H), 4.28 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.35-7.39 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=1.76 Hz, 1H).

Step E: 2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}acetamide (500 mg, 1.37 mmol) was dissolved in 10 mL of 1:1/EtOH:2M HCl. The solution was divided into two sealed tubes (5 mL/tube). Each tube was heated at 120° C. in a Personal Chemistry microwaves instrument for 1 h. The fractions were pooled and the solvent was evaporated. The residue was diluted with 2M NaOH and extracted (3×) with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated. Yield: 440 mg (99%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.40-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.52-1.54 (m, 9H), 1.56-1.66 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.75 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 3H), 4.14 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 6.65 (dd, J=8.50, 2.25 Hz, 1H), 7.04-7.09 (m, 2H).

Example 13

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}methanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (40 mg, 0.124 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 3 mL of DCM. Methanesulfonyl chloride (0.012 mL, 0.149 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 50 mg (79%). 1H NMR (600 MHz, MeOD) δ 1.53-1.61 (m, 2H), 1.67 (s, 9H), 1.71-1.76 (m, 3H), 1.76-1.82 (m, 1H), 2.04-2.11 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.29 (m, 1H), 3.01 (s, 3H), 4.54 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 2H), 7.42 (dd, J=9.22, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=1.79 Hz, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=8.96 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 400.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C19H27N3O2SF2+1.9 TFA+0.1H2O: C, 44.32; H, 4.75; N, 6.80. Found: C, 44.34; H, 4.78; N, 6.55.

Example 14

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (440 mg, 1.37 mmol) and DMAP (165 mg, 1.37 mmol) were dissolved in 50 mL of DCM. Ethanesulfonyl chloride (0.170 mL, 1.78 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 2.5 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using EtOAc as eluent. The fractions were concentrated and the residue was dissolved in 25 mL of MeOH. TFA (0.155 mL, 2.06 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 30 min. The solvent was evaporated and the product was precipitated in ether affording the title compound as its corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 565 mg (78%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.29 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.48-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.64 (s, 9H), 1.66-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.82 (m, 2H), 1.99-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.28 (m, 1H), 3.11 (m, 2H), 4.50 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.38 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=8.98 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 414.0.

Example 15

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}cyclopropanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (300 mg, 0.934 mmol) and DMAP (115 mg, 0.934 mmol) were dissolved in 10 mL of DCM. Cyclopropanesulfonyl chloride (170 mg, 1.21 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using EtOAc as eluent. The fractions were concentrated and the residue was dissolved in 25 mL of MeOH. TFA (0.143 mL, 1.86 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 30 min. The solvent was evaporated and the product was precipitated in ether affording the title compound as its corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 390 mg (77%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 0.91-0.97 (m, 2H), 1.02-1.08 (m, 2H), 1.48-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.65 (s, 9H), 1.67-1.75 (m, 3H), 1.75-1.82 (m, 1H), 2.00-2.10 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.28 (m, 1H), 2.53-2.61 (m, 1H), 4.50 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 7.42 (dd, J=8.98, 2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (d, J=1.56 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 426.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C21H29N3O2SF2+1.0 TFA; C, 51.20; H, 5.60; N, 7.79. Found: C, 51.38; H, 5.66; N, 7.56.

Example 16

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-N-methylcyclopropanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (65 mg, 0.202 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were dissolved in 5 mL of DCM. Cyclopropanesulfonyl chloride (34 mg, 0.242 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 6 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in 5 mL of DMF at 0° C. and NaH (12 mg, 0.303 mmol) was added. The solution was stirred at 0° C. for 15 min. Methyl iodide (0.025 mL, 0.404 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction was quenched with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution and the solvent was evaporated. The product was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 60 mg (54%). 1H NMR (600 MHz, CD3OD) δ 0.90-0.94 (m, 2H), 0.97-1.01 (m, 2H), 1.54-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.68 (s, 9H), 1.73-1.81 (m, 4H), 2.03-2.11 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.30 (m, 1H), 2.59-2.65 (m, 1H), 3.43 (s, 3H), 4.56 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 2H), 7.72 (d, J=9.47 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (s, 1H), 7.95 (d, J=8.96 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 440.0.

Example 17

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-2-methylpropane-2-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (66 mg, 0.205 mmol) and DMAP (25 mg, 0.205 mmol) were dissolved in 5 mL of DCM. t-Butylsulfinyl chloride (0.031 mL, 0.246 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. 3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid (90 mg, 0.410 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 12 h. The solution washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 55 mg (48%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.35 (s, 9H), 1.49-1.60 (m, 2H), 1.64 (s, 9H), 1.68-1.75 (m, 3H), 1.76-1.82 (m, 1H), 2.00-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.28 (m, 1H), 4.50 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 7.42 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.86 (m, 2H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 442.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C22H33N3O2SF2+1.2 TFA+0.2H2O; C, 50.35; H, 5.99; N, 7.22. Found: C, 50.36; H, 5.73; N, 7.08.

Example 18

N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]cyclopropanesulfonamide

Step A: N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]cyclopropanesulfonamide

N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]acetamide (for preparation see the following step B) (95 mg, 0.256 mmol) was heated in 5 mL of 1:1/2M HCl:EtOH at 120° C. for 1 h using a Personal Chemistry microwaves instrument. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was basified with 2M NaOH and extracted (3×) with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated. The product was dissolved in 5 mL of DCM containing DMAP (31 mg, 0.256 mmol) and cyclopropanesulfonyl chloride (53 mg, 0.384 mmol) was added. The solution was stirred at rt for 3 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 35 mg (25%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 0.88-0.95 (m, 2H), 0.98-1.03 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.51 (m, 2H), 1.61-1.68 (m, 3H), 1.70-1.79 (m, 1H), 2.03 (s, 2H), 2.15 (s, 1H), 2.23 (m, 3H), 2.47-2.55 (m, 1H), 4.35 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (dd, J=8.79, 1.95 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 434.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C19H23N3O2SF4+0.7 TFA; C, 47.74; H, 4.65; N, 8.19. Found: C, 47.88; H, 4.68; N, 8.19.

Step B: N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]acetamide

N-(3-Amino-4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)acetamide (99 mg, 0.333 mmol), DIPEA (0.087 mL, 0.500 mmol), HATU (140 mg, 0.366 mmol) and 2,2-difluoropropionic acid (40 mg, 0.366 mmol) were stirred in 5 mL of DMF at rt for 1 h. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in 3 mL of glacial AcOH and heated at 80° C. for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated. The product was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using EtOAc as eluent. Yield: 100 mg (81%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.39-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.57-1.63 (m, 1H), 1.64-1.71 (m, 3H), 2.06-2.16 (m, 3H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.29 (m, 3H), 4.25 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 7.31 (s, 1H), 7.35 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (dd, J=8.89, 1.86 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (d, J=1.76 Hz, 1H).

Example 19

N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]ethanesulfonamide

N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]acetamide (80 mg, 0.215 mmol) was heated in 5 mL of 1:1/2M HCl:EtOH at 120° C. for 1 h using a Personal Chemistry microwaves instrument. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was basified with 2M NaOH and extracted (3×) with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated. The product was dissolved in 5 mL of DCM containing DMAP (31 mg, 0.256 mmol) and ethanesulfonyl chloride (0.026 mL, 0.280 mmol) was added. The solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 22 mg (19%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.29 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.36-1.49 (m, 2H), 1.58-1.66 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.78 (m, 1H), 1.96-2.06 (m, 2H), 2.11-2.15 (m, 1H), 2.21 (m, 3H), 3.04 (m, 2H), 4.33 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.34 (dd, J=8.98, 1.95 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (dd, J=5.47, 3.32 Hz, 2H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 421.9; Anal. Calcd(%) for C18H23N3O2SF4+0.8 TFA+0.1H2O: C, 45.76; H, 4.70; N, 8.17. Found: C, 45.73; H, 4.52; N, 7.80.

Example 20

N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-2-methylpropane-2-sulfonamide

N-[1-[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]acetamide (185 mg, 0.498 mmol) was heated in 5 mL of 1:1/2M HCl:EtOH at 120° C. for 1 h using a Personal Chemistry microwaves instrument. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was basified with 2M NaOH and extracted (3×) with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in 5 mL of DCM and t-butylsulfinyl chloride (0.075 mL, 0.598 mmol) and DMAP (25 mg, 0.498 mmol) were added. The solution was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. 3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid (225 mg, 0.996 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 4 h. The solution washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 70 mg (25%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.33 (s, 9H), 1.37-1.49 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.65 (m, 3H), 1.68-1.78 (m, 1H), 1.97-2.06 (m, 2H), 2.11-2.14 (m, 1H), 2.21 (m, 3H), 4.32 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.40 (dd, J=8.89, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 449.8.

Example 21

N-[2-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylethanesulfonamide

Step A. N-[2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylethanesulfonamide

Ethanesulfonyl chloride (55 μL, 0.58 mmol) was added to a solution of 2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (150 mg, 0.48 mmol) and DMAP (71 mg, 0.58 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight and the solvent was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse-phase preparative HPLC using MeCN 10 to 90% gradient in water to provide the TFA salt of the title compound as white solid. Yield: 70 mg (28%); 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ 1.24-1.37 (m, 3H), 1.36-1.53 (m, 4H), 2.12-2.32 (m, 3H), 3.05-3.17 (m, 2H), 3.25-3.31 (m, 2H), 3.33 (d, J=3.71 Hz, 1H), 3.36 (s, 2H), 3.89 (m, 2H), 4.33 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 7.49 (dd, J=8.79, 1.95 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (d, J=8.98 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J=1.76 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 402.0;

Step B. N-{5-[Acetyl(methyl)amino]-2-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}-2,2-difluoropropanamide

HATU (1.44 g, 3.78 mmol) and N-{3-amino-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}-N-methylacetamide (1.00 g, 3.60 mmol) (for preparation, see Example 1, steps B to E) were added to a solution of 2,2-difluoropropanoic acid (0.40 g, 3.60 mmol) and DIPEA (0.75 mL, 4.32 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The solvent was concentrated and the crude product was recovered in EtOAc. The organic was washed with water, saturated NaHCO3 solution and brine. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and filtered. The solvent was concentrated giving the title compound that was used for the next step without further purification. Yield: 1.00 g (75%); MS (ESI) (M+H)+: 370.2.

Step C. N-[2-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylacetamide

N-{5-[Acetyl(methyl)amino]-2-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}-2,2-difluoropropanamide (1.00 g, 2.70 mmol) was heated to 90° C. overnight in acetic acid (20 mL). The solvent was concentrated. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel, using MeOH 3.5% and acetone 8% in DCM as eluent, giving the title compound. Yield: 0.48 g (50%); MS (ESI) (M+H)+: 352.0.

Step D. 2-(1,1-difluoroethyl)-N-methyl-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine

N-[2-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylacetamide (0.48 g, 1.37 mmol) was heated to 80° C. overnight in concentrated HCl (80 mL). The reaction mixture was cool to 0° C. and brought to slightly basic pH using NaOH solution. The compound was extracted with EtOAc (3×) and the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and filtered. The solvent was concentrated giving the title compound that was used for the next step without further purification. Yield: 0.42 g (98%); MS (ESI) (M+H)+: 310.2.

Example 22

N-[2-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylpropane-1-sulfonamide

Following the procedure of step A in example 21 and using propanesulfonyl chloride (65 μL, 0.58 mmol) provided the TFA salt of the title compound as a white solid. Yield: 68 mg (26%); 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ 1.02 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.40-1.54 (m, 4H), 1.74-1.87 (m, 1H), 2.17-2.34 (m, 3H), 3.05-3.15 (m, 2H), 3.32-3.37 (m, 2H), 3.37 (s, 3H), 3.85-3.97 (m, 2H), 4.35 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 7.50 (dd, J=8.89, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 416.0; Anal. Calcd for C19H27F2N3O3S+0.1 MeCN: C, 54.96; H, 6.56; N, 10.35. Found: C, 55.02; H, 6.40; N, 10.24.

Example 23

N-[2-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl]-N-methylcyclopropanesulfonamide

Following the procedure of step A in example 21 using cyclopropanesulfonyl chloride (81 μL, 0.58 mmol) and heating to 60° C. overnight, provided the TFA salt of the title compound as a white solid. Yield: 135 mg (52%); 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ 0.85-0.93 (m, 2H), 0.93-1.03 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.55 (m, 4H), 2.24 (m, 3H), 2.55-2.66 (m, 1H), 3.31-3.38 (m, 3H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.86-3.97 (m, 2H), 4.36 (d, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (dd, J=8.79, 2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=8.79 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 414.0; Anal. Calcd for C19H25F2N3O3S+0.1H2O: C, 54.95; H, 6.12; N, 10.12. Found: C, 54.91; H, 6.09; N, 9.68.

Example 24

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide

Step A: N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (for preparation see following steps B to F) (60 mg, 0.198 mmol) and DMAP (24 mg, 0.198 mmol) were dissolved in 5 mL of DCM. Ethanesulfonyl chloride (0.025 mL, 0.257 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 50 mg (50%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.29 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.34-1.41 (m, 2H), 1.43-1.51 (m, 1H), 1.53-1.62 (m, 1H), 1.63-1.66 (m, 9H), 1.69-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.96-2.04 (m, 1H), 2.06-2.12 (m, 2H), 3.12 (q, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 4.44-4.49 (m, 2H), 7.39 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=9.18 Hz, 0.7H), 7.85-7.88 (d, J=9.18 Hz, 0.3H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 396.0; Anal. Calcd(%) for C20H30N3O2SF+1.3 TFA+0.5H2O: C, 49.11; H, 5.89; N, 7.60. Found: C, 49.10; H, 5.84; N, 7.52.

Step B: tert-Butyl [(4-fluorocyclohex-3-en-1-yl)methyl]carbamate

4-N-Boc-aminomethyl cyclohexanone (4.95 g, 21.8 mmol) was dissolved in 80 mL of THF. DAST (4.3 mL, 32.7 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at 50° C. for 5 h. The solvent was concentrated and the product purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 3:1/hexanes:EtOAc as eluent. Yield: 1.62 g (30%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.36-1.42 (m, 1H), 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.70-1.80 (m, 2H), 1.82-1.90 (m, 1H), 2.09-2.17 (m, 1H), 2.17-2.29 (m, 2H), 3.04-3.11 (m, 2H), 4.61 (s, 1H), 5.11-5.15 (m, 0.5H), 5.16-5.19 (m, 0.5H).

Step C: [(4-Fluorocyclohex-3-en-1-yl)methyl]amine hydrochloride

tert-Butyl [(4-fluorocyclohex-3-en-1-yl)methyl]carbamate (1.62 g, 7.06 mmol) was stirred in 25 mL of 1M HCl/AcOH at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the product was precipitated in ether, filtered and dried under vacuum. Yield: 1.13 g (97%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.44-1.53 (m, 1H), 1.80-1.89 (m, 2H), 1.90-1.98 (m, 1H), 2.16-2.23 (m, 2H), 2.26-2.34 (m, 1H), 2.88 (d, J=6.25 Hz, 2H), 5.12-5.19 (m, 1H).

Step C: N-(4-{[(4-Fluorocyclohex-3-en-1-yl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide

N-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide (460 mg, 2.32 mmol) and [(4-fluorocyclohex-3-en-1-yl)methyl]amine hydrochloride (350 mg, 2.11 mmol) were stirred in 20 mL of EtOH containing TEA (0.735 mL, 5.28 mmol) at 75° C. for 48 h. The solvent was concentrated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous 5% KHSO4, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 2:1/hexanes:acetone as eluent. Yield: 553 mg (85%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.51-1.61 (m, 1H), 1.84-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.96-2.03 (m, 2H), 2.16-2.18 (m, 3H), 2.22-2.32 (m, 3H), 3.26 (m, 2H), 5.19 (m, 1H), 6.84 (d, J=9.37 Hz, 1H), 7.21 (s, 1H), 7.79 (dd, J=9.18, 2.54 Hz, 1H), 8.09 (d, J=2.54 Hz, 2H).

Step D: N-(3-Amino-4-{[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)acetamide

N-(4-{[(4-Fluorocyclohex-3-en-1-yl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)acetamide (340 mg, 1.11 mmol) was dissolved in 25 mL of EtOAc containing a catalytic amount of 10% Pd/C. The solution was shaken under H2 atmosphere (40 psi) using a Parr hydrogenation apparatus at rt for 48 h. The solution was filtered through celite and the solvent was evaporated. Yield: 308 mg (99%). MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 279.95.

Step E: N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}acetamide

N-(3-Amino-4-{[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)acetamide (300 mg, 1.07 mmol) and DMAP (25 mg, 0.214 mmol) were dissolved in 10 mL of DCM. Trimethylacetyl chloride (0.145 mL, 1.18 mmol) was added dropwise and the solution was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solution was washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The residue was dissolved in 5 mL of AcOH and was heated at 150° C. for 2.5 h using a Personal Chemistry microwave apparatus. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc and washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash chromatography using 2:1/acetone:hexanes as eluent. Yield: 196 mg (53%). 1HNMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) δ 1.14-1.25 (m, 2H), 1.37-1.45 (m, 1H), 1.43-1.51 (m, 1H), 1.54-1.57 (m, 9H), 1.70-1.78 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.77 (m, 1H), 2.02-2.08 (m, 1H), 2.10-2.17 (m, 1H), 2.19-2.21 (m, 3H), 4.12-4.19 (m, 2H), 4.53 (m, 0.3H), 4.73 (m, 0.3H), 4.78 (m, 0.2H), 4.90 (m, 0.2H), 7.21-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.30 (s, 1H), 7.50-7.57 (m, 1H), 7.64-7.67 (m, 1H).

Step F: 2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}acetamide (190 mg, 0.550 mmol) was heated in 5 mL of 1:1/2M HCl:EtOH at 120° C. for 1 h using a Personal Chemistry microwaves apparatus. The solvent was evaporated. The residue was basified with 2M NaOH and extracted (3×) with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with saturated aqueous NaCl solution and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated. Yield: 154 mg (92%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.28-1.39 (m, 2H), 1.41-1.50 (m, 1H), 1.53-1.59 (m, 1H), 1.61-1.64 (m, 9H), 1.69 (d, J=7.81 Hz, 2H), 1.95-2.03 (m, 0.7H), 2.05-2.11 (m, 2H), 2.13-2.22 (m, 0.3H), 4.37-4.44 (m, 2.7H), 4.47-4.56 (m, 0.3H), 7.11 (t, J=2.05 Hz, 0.5H) 7.13 (t, J=2.05 Hz, 0.5H), 7.15-7.18 (m, 1H), 7.67-7.73 (m, 1H).

Example 25

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}cyclopropanesulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (56 mg, 0.199 mmol) and DMAP (25 mg, 0.199 mmol) were dissolved in 5 mL of DCM. Cyclopropanesulfonyl chloride (42 mg, 0.298 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 3 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 58 mg (56%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 0.91-0.98 (m, 2H), 1.03-1.09 (m, 2H), 1.32-1.43 (m, 2H), 1.45-1.52 (m, 1H), 1.54-1.62 (m, 1H), 1.64-1.67 (m, 9H), 1.68-1.76 (m, 1H), 1.97-2.05 (m, 1H), 2.06-2.13 (m, 2H), 2.54-2.62 (m, 1H), 4.44-4.50 (m, 2H), 4.53 (m, 0.5H), 4.73 (m, 0.5H), 7.43 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H), 7.83-7.89 (m, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 408.0.

Example 26

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}-2-methylpropane-2-sulfonamide

2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-amine (53 mg, 0.175 mmol) and DMAP (21 mg, 0.175 mmol) were dissolved in 5 mL of DCM. t-Butylsulfinyl chloride (0.026 mL, 0.210 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solution was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. 3-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid (78 mg, 0.350 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solution washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution, brine and dried over anhydrous MgSO4. The product was purified by reversed-phase HPLC using 10-70% CH3CN/H2O and lyophilized affording the title compound as the corresponding TFA salt. Yield: 47 mg (50%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.36 (s, 9H), 1.38-1.44 (m, 2H), 1.44-1.51 (m, 1H), 1.54-1.60 (m, 1H), 1.63-1.66 (m, 9H), 1.69-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.96-2.04 (m, 1H), 2.06-2.14 (m, 2H), 4.42-4.48 (m, 2H), 4.53 (m, 0.5H), 4.72 (m, 0.5H), 7.42 (dd, J=8.98, 2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.86 (m, 2H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 424.0.

Example 27

N-{2-tert-butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide

Step A. N-{2-tert-butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide

N-{2-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-5-[(ethylsulfonyl)amino]phenyl}-2,2-dimethylpropanamide (22.3 g, 0.051 mol) (for preparation, see the following steps B to E), PTSA*H2O (10.8 g, 0.057 mol) and DMSO (100 mL) were mixed together and heated to 120° C. overnight. The room temperature cooled down reaction mixture was poured in cold water (600 mL). The product was extracted with DCM (5×200 mL).

The combined organic phases were washed with NaHCO3 saturated solution (4×200 mL), brine and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed and the crude product was purified on silica gel (EtOAc:hexane 1:1) by flash chromatography (and treated with activated charcoal) to provide N-{2-tert-butyl-1-[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide (18.4 g) as white solid.

Step B. N-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)ethanesulfonamide

EtSO2Cl (21.5 mL, 0.22 mol) was added drop wise to a mixture of 4-fluoro-3-nitroaniline (29.6 g, 0.19 mol) and pyridine (100 mL) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (1 L). The resulting solution was washed with HCl 2N (4×200 mL), NaHCO3 saturated solution (4×200 mL) and water (4×200 mL). The organic phase was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and the solvent was removed to provide the title product as beige solid (46.3 g)

Step C. N-(4-{[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)ethanesulfonamide

N-(4-Fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)ethanesulfonamide (26 g, 0.107 mol), [(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amine (approx. 15 g), DIPEA (20 mL) and DMSO (100 mL) were mixed together and heated to 65° C. overnight. Ethanolamine (5 g) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred until complete disappearance of N-(4-fluoro-3-nitrophenyl)ethanesulfonamide (approx. 4-5 hrs.). The room temperature cooled down reaction mixture was poured in cold water (900 mL). The product was extracted with DCM (5×200 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with HCl 2N (3×200 mL) and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed and the crude product was purified on silica gel by flash chromatography (this material can be re-crystallized using a mixture of EtOAc and hexane) to provide the title product (24.2 g) as orange solid.

Step D. N-(3-amino-4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)ethanesulfonamide

N-(4-{[(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-3-nitrophenyl)ethanesulfonamide (23.4 g) and Pd/C 10% in EtOAc (800 mL) were shaken together overnight under H2 atmosphere (50 PSI) in a Parr hydrogenation apparatus. The reaction mixture was diluted with MeOH (400 mL) and filtered over celite bed. The solvent was removed to provide the desired title product (22.2 g) as beige solid.

Step E. N-{2-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}-5-[(ethylsulfonyl)amino]phenyl}-2,2-dimethylpropanamide

A solution of t-BuCOCl (7.6 g, 0.063 mol) in DCM (150 mL) was slowly added to a solution of N-(3-amino-4-{[(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl]amino}phenyl)ethanesulfonamide (22 g, 0.063 mol) and Et3N (9.7 mL, 0.069 mol) in DCM (500 mL) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hrs. at 0° C. DCM (300 mL) and water (200 mL) were added. The organic layer was separated and washed with water (3×200 mL), brine and dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was removed and the crude product was purified on silica gel by flash chromatography (EtOAc:hexane 1:1) to provide the title product (23.3 g) as beige solid.

Example 28

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide (isomers)

N-{2-tert-Butyl-1-[(4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl]-1H-benzimidazol-5-yl}ethanesulfonamide (60 mg, TFA salt, 0.117 mmol) was separated on a chiral AD column using 10% EtOH/hexanes (0.1% diethylamine) giving respectively Isomer A (16 mg) and Isomer B (31 mg).

Isomer A: 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.30 (t, J=7.42 Hz, 3H), 1.41-1.52 (m, 3H), 1.54-1.63 (m, 3H), 1.65 (s, 9H), 1.97-2.05 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.24 (m, 1H), 3.13 (q, J=7.29 Hz, 2H), 4.47 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 4.72 (s, 0.5H), 4.85 (s, 0.5H), 7.38 (dd, J=8.98, 2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=1.95 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=8.98 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 395.8; Chiral AD 15% EtOH/hexanes (0.1% DEA) k′=2.97.

Isomer B: 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-D4) δ 1.30 (t, J=7.32 Hz, 3H), 1.34-1.39 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.45 (m, 2H), 1.65 (s, 9H), 1.70-1.75 (m, 2H), 2.06-2.13 (m, 3H), 3.13 (q, J=7.42 Hz, 2H), 4.37-4.43 (m, 0.5H), 4.45 (d, J=7.62 Hz, 2H), 4.49-4.56 (m, 0.5H), 7.39 (dd, J=9.08, 2.05 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J=9.18 Hz, 1H); MS (ESI) (M+H)+ 395.8; Anal. Calcd for C20H30N3O2SF+1.2 TFA+0.2H2O: C, 50.20; H, 5.94; N, 7.84. Found: C, 50.13; H, 5.81; N, 7.74; Chiral AD 15% EtOH/hexanes (0.1% DEA) k′=3.81.

Sol. pHhClint
Ki hCB1EC50 hCB1Emax hCB17.4(μL/min/
Isomer(nM)(nM)(%)(μM)mg)
A14864
B14.84.91033817.7