Combined Centrifugal Separator
Kind Code:

The combined centrifugal separator with supplementary work units is an autonomous stationary or mobile complex apparatus, which is related to the separation of non-uniform granular or fibrous product, such as manure pulps, fruit pulps, sugar contained pulps, pulps for the medicine, etc., from the liquid in which it is carried. The screen, the screen scraper, and the driving shaft, which has the screw, the crusher and the mixer located on it, all have one common axis. However, all three rotate with different speeds around it. They are connected to one motor, and have a transmission system using pulleys and gears. Part of the liquid remainder may be used for internal recycling.

Zhornitskiy, Boris (Jacksonville, FL, US)
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Publication Date:
Filing Date:
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
210/196, 210/365
International Classes:
C02F1/26; C02F11/12; C02F101/38; C02F103/20
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What is claimed is:

1. The centrifugal apparatus, with an upper driven shaft and complimentary mechanisms, which combines many functions into one unit, by: having the same axis of rotation of the driving shaft, the screen and the screen scraper that unloads the sediment; having the driving shaft rotate slower than the screen; having the screen rotate slower than the screen scraper; having the driving shaft go through the hollow shaft of the screen scraper; having the crusher located on the driving shaft and the incasing of the loader, in order to reduce the lumps; having the mixer located on the driving shaft, in order to prepare and transport the product; having the loading screw located on the driving shaft; having one common drive and the transmission system.

2. The manure separator, which separates the mass into solid and liquid parts, accommodates many different requirements, such as: working in the stationary conditions; being mobile; being driven by an electric motor; being driven by an internal combustion engine; being used vertically; being used in an inclined position; being used in the hydraulic manure removal systems; being used in the systems of high humidity manure accumulation.

3. Part of the separated liquid remainder gets recycled internally, in the apparatus, via: the drainage system.



1. Field of the Invention

This invention is designed to fractionate the hydraulic suspensions with non-uniform granular or fibrous structure of solid particles, into liquid and solid parts. The apparatus is meant to be all-inclusive, autonomous and mobile device, which can perform all stages necessary in order to separate liquid and solid matter. It has to load the influent at any angle, prepare it for the fractionation, separate and unload liquid and solid part into two different outlets.

In the modern technology of moving, processing and utilization of pus-drainage, different mechanical devices, including centrifugal machines, screw presses, granulators, etc., are well known. The comparative analyses showed that the most effective method of fractionating of the higher moisture manure is the use of the centrifugal device with the continuous discharge of the solid fraction.

There is a need for improvement, because the existing means of recycling of the manure from livestock-breeding drains, such as stationary decanter centrifuges, orient on the large-scale manufacture and are unaffordable to other livestock breeding facilities. Majority farmers need an inexpensive lightweight mobile device for the preparation and fractionation of manure with different degrees of higher moisture. The apparatus must be independent, complex, centrifugal, and with continuous action, in order to dose, stabilize, and transfer the manure with high efficiency and low operational costs.

The design of the invention has significant advantages over the existing stationary decanter centrifuges. It is much more efficient in removing solid particles (fibers) from the influent, and the achievable moisture level of its solid fraction is significantly less. Its weight is expected to be at least 2-3 times lighter. It could be easily moved by a vehicle, making this device very flexible, and easy to operate. It can be operated at any angle between 0 and 90 degrees. It would use 2-3 times less energy per unit of solid fraction. It would be made out of less expensive materials. It would be equipped with additional supplementary work units providing a complete cycle of fractionation.

Usage of the device will allow production of Biosolids from livestock-breeding drainage. Biosolids can be used for the economic and non-polluting manufacture of the fertilization, biomass, biogas, and oil, which will help protect environment.


The invention is an independent stationary or mobile separator with continuous action. The combination of various transmission units, joints and elements of the design, allows to localize the loading, internally recycle some of the liquid remainder, to prepare, translate and to fractionate suspensions.

The proposed centrifuge consists of a stationary cylinder tube with an extension, suspension inlet, and solid fraction and liquid fraction outlets. The rotating working units all have the same axis of rotation. The crusher, which is a grinding mechanism consisting of the dowels attached to axel and the incasing tube, is designed to reduce the lumps in the influent. The mixer, which is a propeller-type screw, pushes the influent further and mixes it to the required consistency for the centrifugal separation. A conveyor-type screw moves the influent further, and the water is pushed out by the centrifugal forces through a rotating screen drum. The speed of rotation of the screen is slightly faster than the speed of rotation of the screw axel. The screen scraper rotates inside the screen with a slightly faster speed, and pushes the sediment into the solid part outlet. Part of the liquid remainder goes to the liquid outlet. Another part may be recycled internally, to be mixed with the influent, for the required consistency for the separation.


Stationing the apparatus into its working position may be done using a standard schematic and the apparatus may be used vertically or at an angle α, as shown in FIG. 6. Usually the driving force of the separator is an electric motor or a rotating shaft powered by other sources such as a gasoline motor. The materials used in the making of manure separator are practically the same as those in similar machines, but less material per unit is needed in the production of this apparatus.

A basic combined centrifugal separator has its drive located on top. For easy access inside the separator and the drive, the base housing 30 has the lid 37 and it also comes off of the incasing of the loader 32. The driving shaft 25 may be removable, if needed. The rotation of the driving shaft 25 is provided by the motorized drive 29 via the driving pulley 26, the belt gear 23, and the supporting pulley 24, which is located on the upper part of the drive shaft 25. The drive shaft 25 goes through the hollow shaft 34 of the screen scraper and is connected to it by the bearings 17 and 18. On the bottom, the drive shaft 25 rotates inside of the bushing of the shaft base 2.

The influent is delivered from the loading zone 1 to the mixer 4 and the crusher 5ab and is then mixed with the recycled liquid remainder, as shown in FIG. 2. The crusher 5ab consists of fixed components such as dowels 5a, affixed on the inside of the incasing of the loader 32, as shown in FIG. 2, and of the rotating cutting dowels 5b, affixed on the loader shaft 25, as shown in FIG. 3. The purpose of the crusher 5ab is to reduce lumps of the influent in the zone of loading, as it is mixed with the liquid remainder from the drain 7.

The mixer 4 is a bladed screw designed to feed the influent without interruption into the incasing of the loader 32 of the separator, to mix it to the needed consistency, and to transport it to the loading screw 6. The loading screw 6 is typical, and its spiral is located on the driving shaft 25.

The driving shaft 25, the screen 11, and the screen sediment scraper 12 have a common axis of rotation and are all arranged in a vertical position and rotate with different speeds, as shown in FIG. 1. The shaft 25 will rotate with a relatively slow speed, sufficient for the preparation of the mass and loading into the separator screen 11.

The mass comes out of the incasing of the loader 32 and into the screen 11, where the sediment is moved by the screen scraper 12, to the sediment output device 14. The screen scraper 12 is a spiral part of the screw, which rotates inside the screen 11, around the same axis, but with the greater speed, which moves the sediment from out of the narrow lower part of the screen 11 into the wide upper part. The size of a step of the spiral of the screen scraper 12 allows it to move the sediment inside the screen, and also to clean the perforations of the screen 11.

The screen scraper 12 is set into motion by the hollow shaft 34. On the upper part of the hollow shaft 34 is the supporting pulley 22, which is rotated by the driving motorized drive 29 through the driving pulley 27 and the belt gear 21. The hollow shaft 34 of the screen scraper rotates inside of a bushing 33, through which it is connected with the screen drive 13, as shown in FIG. 5. The supporting pulley 20 moves the screen drive 13. The supporting pulley 20 is connected to the drive 29 via the belt gear 19 and the driving pulley 28. The screen drive 13 is fixed on the inside bushing of the bearing 16 that is connected to the base tile 31 through the incasing of the bearing 15.

The screen 11 is rotated by the drive 13, through the sediment discharge 14, which also acts as the screen support, as shown in FIG. 4. The screen 11, which could be a perforated surface or a membrane with a multitude of holes or slots or the like, is an upside down truncated cone whose base is greater in diameter than the top. Through this screen 11, most of the liquid is extracted out of the influent, due to the centrifugal force. One part of the liquid comes out of the separator right away through the drain 10, and the other part, in the recycling mode, goes through the drain 9 and the adjustable valve 8 into the incasing of the loader 32. The screen scraper 12 moves the residue on the screen up, and removes it via the discharge 14 and through the outlet 35.

It is important to understand that the power of the motor, the proportion of the sizes of different components and diameters of holes of the apparatus, or the width of the slots in the screen, velocities of rotation of components, or the volume of the recycled liquid remainder have to accommodate the application chosen. This fact can lead to some changes and variations of the construction, which can be made, without departing from the essence of the invention.


FIG. 1. Vertical Cross-Section of the Autonomous Centrifugal Separator

FIG. 2. Inlet for the Incoming Matter to Be Separated

FIG. 3. Top View of the Crushing Mechanism with the Dowels

FIG. 4. Rotating Drum with the Screen and the Outlet for a Solid Fraction

FIG. 5. Combination of Parts Rotating with Three Different Speeds

FIG. 6. An Example of an Application of the Autonomous Centrifugal Separator

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