Title:
Radiator With Radiating Plate Having High Efficiency
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The radiator (1) with radiating plate (2) having high efficiency comprises a plate (2) that bears at least one manifold (3, 18) whereto is fastened at least one tube (4) for conveying a heat-carrying fluid. The plate (2) presents at least one groove (6) in which is inserted the tube (4). The tube (4) and the groove (6) present at least one coil portion (11) defined by a plurality of first segments (12) substantially parallel to each other and able to assume a substantially horizontal position when the radiator (1) is installed, and second segments (13) interposed between said first segments (12).



Inventors:
Olivo, Fogi Leni (Ciserano (Bergamo), IT)
Application Number:
12/244002
Publication Date:
04/02/2009
Filing Date:
10/02/2008
Assignee:
RIDEA S.R.L. (Ciserano (Bergamo), IT)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F28F9/02
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
LEO, LEONARD R
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Cozen O''Connor (NEW YORK, NY, US)
Claims:
1. A radiator comprising a plate which comprises (1) at least one manifold fastened to at least one tube for conveying a thermal carrier fluid, and (2) at least one groove in which the at least one tube is inserted, herein the at least one tube and and the at least one groove comprise at least one coil portion comprising (i) a plurality of first segments substantially parallel to each other and able to assume a substantially horizontal position when the radiator is installed, and (ii) a plurality of second segments interposed between said first segments.

2. The radiator of claim 1, wherein the at least one coil portion is placed at the delivery of heat-carrying fluid of the at least one manifold.

3. The radiator of claim 1, wherein the plurality of first are rectilinear.

4. The radiator of claim 1, wherein the plurality of first segments have the same length.

5. The radiator of claim 1, wherein the plurality of first segments have different length.

6. The radiator of claim 1, wherein the at least one manifold is positioned at a lower portion of the radiator when the radiator is installed and the coil portion develops upwards.

7. The radiator of claim 1, wherein at the end of the coil portion opposite the one where the at least one manifold is fastened, a valve for venting air is fastened.

8. The radiator of claim 7, further comprising a tube and a return groove interposed between the valve for venting and the at least one manifold.

9. The radiator of claim 8, wherein the tube and the return groove are substantially rectilinear or have substantially rectilinear portions or are curved or coil shaped.

10. The radiator of claim 1, which comprises two manifolds positioned wherein the coil portion is interposed between the two manifolds.

11. The radiator of claim 1, wherein the at least one manifold has a parallelepiped shape.

12. The radiator of claim 8, wherein the at least one manifold has two cylindrical elements each delimiting a through hole, to which the tube is fastened.

13. The radiator of claim 8, wherein the tube is inserted by pressure in the return groove.

14. The radiator of claim 8, wherein the return groove is in the plate.

15. The radiator of claim 8, wherein the tube is connected to the return groove with the glue.

Description:

The present invention relates to a radiator with radiating plate having high efficiency.

In particular hereafter reference shall be made to radiators manufactured by means of a thick plate of thermally conducting material, e.g. aluminium, in which is obtained a groove (typically by milling) and, into said groove, is inserted a tube for conveying heat-carrying fluid.

Currently, radiators of the aforesaid type present a structure provided with two manifolds; a first manifold is positioned at the lower area of the radiator (when the radiator is installed) whilst a second manifold is positioned at the upper area of the radiator.

The plate is provided with vertical grooves positioned between the two manifolds and with tubes (typically made of copper) that are inserted in the grooves and that have the ends that project from the grooves and are connected by welding to each of the manifolds.

Alternatively, the radiator is provided with a single manifold (presenting both the inlet and the outlet of water as heat-carrying fluid) and, therefore, it is provided with one or more tubes and grooves (or also multiple tubes and grooves) that fold in ā€œUā€ shape in order to present both ends connected to the single manifold.

The structures of the traditional radiators described above, however, present some drawbacks.

The structure with two manifolds requires the manufacture of numerous welded joints to connect each tube to each manifold; this requires long production times and the use of a lot of specialised labour, with consequent costs that are very high.

Moreover, both the structure with one manifold, and the one with two manifolds present a limited contact surface between tube and plate; this severely limits the heat exchange capacity between the tube (which contains the hot water that constitutes the heat-carrying fluid) and the plate (which heats the space in which the radiator is positioned); in practice, the ability of the radiator to heat the spaces is limited.

An additional drawback of the traditional radiators described above is constituted by the fact that, in particular for plates whose shape is not squared, the tube and the groove cannot cover the entire surface; therefore, the edges, in particular the most irregular ones, are not adequately heated by the heat-carrying fluid with a consequent limitation of the heating power of the radiator.

Lastly, in particular the radiators with single manifold present considerable problems with venting the air that is introduced in the tube, because it can remain trapped at the curves of the ā€œUā€ shaped tubes.

The technical task of the present invention, therefore, is to provide a radiator with radiating plate having high efficiency that makes it possible to eliminate the aforesaid technical drawbacks of the prior art.

Within this technical task, an object of the invention is to provide a radiator with radiating plate that has a limited number of welded joints, in order to reduce production times and use of specialised labour, with the purpose of limiting production costs.

Another object of the invention is to provide a radiator with radiating plate that presents a contact surface between tube and plate (through the walls of the groove) that is very high, in order to increase the heat exchanges between the tube and the plate relative to traditional radiators.

An object of the invention is also to provide a radiator with radiating plate in which the tubes and the grooves are able to cover the entire surface of the plate, even at lateral edges of non squared and/or irregular plates, in order to optimise the heat exchange between the heat-carrying fluid and the plate.

An additional object of the invention is to provide a plate radiator in which it is very simple and fast to vent the air that remained trapped within the tube, also for radiators with single manifold.

The technical task, as well as these and other purposes, according to the present invention are achieved by providing a radiator with radiating plate having high efficiency as claimed in claim 1.

Other characteristics of the present invention, moreover, are defined in the subsequent claims.

Additional characteristics and advantages of the invention shall become more readily apparent from the description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of the radiator with radiating plate according to the invention, illustrated purely by way of non limiting example in the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGS. 1 and 2 show a view of a radiator according to the invention with rectangular radiating plate respectively with one and with two manifolds;

FIGS. 3 and 4 show a view of a radiator according to the invention with oval radiating plate respectively with one and with two manifolds;

FIG. 5 shows a manifold according to the invention; and

FIG. 6 shows a sectioned detail of a plate at the tube and the groove.

With reference to the aforementioned figures, a radiator with radiating plate having high efficiency indicated in its entirety with the reference number 1 is shown.

The radiator 1 (FIG. 1 or 3) comprises a plate 2 (typically made of aluminium) which bears, at its rear side (when the radiator is installed) a manifold 3, (typically made of aluminium or copper or stainless steel or carbon steel) whereto is fastened (in the example shown) a tube 4 (made of copper, aluminium or stainless steel or carbon steel) for conveying a heat-carrying fluid.

The plate 2 has a groove 6 (obtained in the plate 2 e.g. by milling) into which is inserted the tube 4.

The tube 4 presents (FIG. 6) its (outer) surfaces positioned in direct contact with the surfaces of the groove 6 in which it is inserted, without the interposition of glues; this makes it possible to make very efficient the heat exchange between the heat-carrying fluid contained in the tube 4 and the plate 2.

Alternatively the tube 4 is connected within the groove with the interposition of a glue.

The edges of the groove 6 are converging at its own portion open outwards.

The tube 4 is inserted in the groove 6 by pressure and, preferably, by rolling.

This allows to insert each tube 4 into the groove 6 without the tube being able to exit from the same groove 6 and, in addition, it allows to deform the surface of the tube 4, making it adhere to the surfaces of the groove 6.

In this way the retaining of the tube 4 in the groove 6 and the heat exchange between the heat-carrying fluid contained in the tube 4 and the plate 2 in which are obtained the grooves 6 are further improved; moreover, the surface 4a that faces the exterior of the tube 4 has its profile aligned with the profile 2a of the plate 2.

The tube 4 and the groove 6 have at least one coil portion 11 defined by a plurality of first segments 12 substantially parallel to each other and able to assume substantially horizontal position when the radiator 1 is installed, and second segments 13 interposed between said first segments 12.

The coil portion 11 allows densely to cover the plate 2.

Advantageously, the coil portion 11 of the tube 4 and of the groove 6 is at the delivery of heat-carrying fluid of the manifold 3 and the first segments 12 of the tube 4 and of the groove 6 are rectilinear.

In the example shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the first segments 12 of the coil portion 11 of the tube 4 and of the groove 6 all have the same length, however other configurations are also possible and so FIGS. 3 and 4 show an embodiment of the radiator according to the invention in which the first segments 12 of the coil portion 11 of the tube 4 and of the groove 6 have mutually different length.

In different embodiments, the radiator may have one or two manifolds.

In the case of a radiator with a single manifold (FIGS. 1 and 3) the manifold 3 is positioned at the lower portion of the radiator 1 when the radiator 1 is installed and the coil portion 11 of the tube 4 and of the groove 6 develops upwards.

Moreover, at the upper end (when the radiator is installed) of the coil portion 11, opposite the one where the manifold 3 is fastened, is fastened an air venting valve 15 (typically made of aluminium or copper or stainless steel or carbon steel).

Hence, the radiator presents a tube 16 and a corresponding return groove, which are interposed between the vent valve 15 and the manifold 3.

Said tube 16 and corresponding return groove are substantially rectilinear or present two or more substantially rectilinear portions or, alternatively, they can be curved or coil shaped.

FIGS. 2 and 4 show two examples of radiators with two manifolds (an upper one and a lower one).

In this case the tube 4 and the groove 6 defining the coil portion 11 extend from the lower area of the plate 2 and the tube 4 is fastened both to the lower manifold 3 and to an upper manifold 18, which also bears the vent valve 15.

Conveniently, the manifold 3 (in the case of single manifold) or both manifolds 3, 18 (in the case of two-manifold radiator) has parallelepiped shape and it is made of aluminium, copper or stainless steel or carbon steel, such as to favour the connection, mechanical or welded, to the plate 2 without using hooks, punches or other devices; hereafter reference shall be made only to the manifold 3 but the manifold 18 (when present) has the same structure.

The manifold 3 has two through holes delimited by cylindrical elements 20 projecting longitudinally, to which is fastened the tube 4 (or, when necessary, the vent valve 15).

This connection is typically achieved by welding, fitting the tube 4 over or under the element 20 and, then, performing the welding operation; thus, the presence of the cylindrical elements 20 is favourable to the welding, in particular when the tube 4 is made of copper whilst the manifold 3 is made of aluminium.

Naturally, other connection systems are also possible, e.g. the threaded connection which can be accomplished threading the elements 20 and/or the ends of the tube 4 (threads meshing together or self-threading).

Moreover, the manifold 3 is provided with threaded union fittings 21 for the connection to the heating system of the building in which the radiator is to be installed or to receive appropriate plugs.

The operation of the radiator with radiating plate according to the invention is readily apparent from what is described and illustrated above and, in particular, it is substantially as follows.

In the embodiment with single manifold, the heat-carrying fluid (hot water coming from the heating system of a building) enters the manifold 3 through a union fitting 21 and, passing through a cylindrical element 20, it passes into the tube 4.

Then, circulating in the tube 4, it heats the plate 2, it flows through the vent valve 15 and, through the tube 16, it returns into the manifold 3 and it is expelled therefrom through the other union fitting 21 into the pipeline of the heating system of the building.

The discharge of air that remained trapped in the tube 4 or in the tube 16 takes place opening the vent valve 15, so the air escapes.

In this regard it is preferable for the coil portion to be connected to the delivery of the manifold 3 because in this case any air which may be contained in the tube 4 is favoured in its upward motion.

For the same reason, the substantially rectilinear and horizontal portions 12 of the tubes and of the groove 16 can be oriented in slightly oblique manner, in order to promote the rising motion of the air.

In the embodiment with two manifolds, instead, the heat-carrying fluid (hot water) enters the manifold 3 through a union fitting 21, through a cylindrical element 20 it passes into the tube 4, it flows through the whole tube 4 heating the radiating plate 2, and it enters the upper manifold 18 through a cylindrical element 20 thereof.

Then, through a union fitting 21 of the manifold 18, the water is returned to the pipeline of the heating system of the building.

In this case, too, the discharge of air that remained trapped in the tube 4 takes place opening the vent valve 15 in such a way that the air escapes and, naturally, the substantially rectilinear and horizontal portions 12 of the tubes and of the groove 16 can be oriented in slightly oblique manner, in order to promote the rising motion of the air.

Naturally the union fittings 21 and the cylindrical elements 20 that are not used to connect tubes or vent valves are closed by means of plugs.

Moreover, it is clear that although only one coil tube (and one corresponding groove) has been described, in different embodiments there may also be more than one.

In practice, it has been noted that the radiator with radiating plate according to the invention is particularly advantageous because it can be manufactured in a simpler, more economic manner than traditional radiators and, at the same time, it enables to enhance the heat exchange performance of the radiator.

Advantageously, the horizontal coil shape enables to maintain the water in turbulent motion within the coil, to promote heat exchanges with the plate.

The radiator with radiating plate thus conceived can be subject to numerous modifications and variants, without thereby departing from the scope of the inventive concept; moreover, all details are replaceable by technically equivalent elements.

In practice, the materials used, as well as the dimensions, may be any depending on requirements and on the state of the art.