Title:
Slide-out room with pitched roof
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The present invention provides for a manufactured housing unit having a slide-out room and main living compartment both with a truss-less pitched roof and cathedral ceiling. The slide-out room extends from the main living compartment through a pentagonal opening in the side wall under a gabled dormer. The dormer roof and main living compartment roof are constructed without conventional roof trusses or ridge beams to provide the additional head room of a cathedral ceiling.



Inventors:
Culveyhouse, Donald E. (Elkhart, IN, US)
Application Number:
12/150171
Publication Date:
10/30/2008
Filing Date:
04/25/2008
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E04B1/343
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
QUAST, ELIZABETH A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
R. Tracy Crump (New Carlisle, IN, US)
Claims:
I claim:

1. A manufactured housing unit comprising: A main living compartment including a sidewall, a pitched roof and a gabled dormer extending from the pitched roof, the dormer having a truss-less pitched roof and cathedral ceiling, the sidewall having a pentagonal opening therein under the dormer; and a slide-out room having a truss-less pitched roof and a cathedral ceiling, the slide-out room being adapted to extend and retract from the main living compartment through the pentagonal opening so that the pitched roof of the slide-out room slides under the cathedral ceiling of the dormer.

2. The manufactured housing unit of claim 1 wherein the slide-out room has an open interior end disposed within the main living compartment, the slide-out room includes a peripheral abutment plate mounted to the slide-out room around the open interior end for engagement with the sidewall of the main living compartment when the slide-out room is extended from the main living compartment.

3. The manufactured housing unit of claim 1 wherein the slide-out room includes two spaced sidewalls, the truss-less pitched roof of the slide-out room includes a plurality of rafters mounted suspended between a tie beam and the slide-out room sidewalls.

Description:

This invention relates to manufactured housing units and recreational vehicles with slide-out rooms.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Slide-out rooms are common features for manufactured housing units and recreational vehicles. Heretofore, manufactured housing units and RVs have used flat roofs and ceilings. Because the slide-out room retracts within the main living compartment, the roofs and ceilings of the slide-out room and the main living compartment have been flat.

The present invention provides for a manufactured housing unit or similar structure having a slide-out room and main living compartment both with a truss-less pitched roof and cathedral ceiling. The slide-out room extends from the main living compartment through an opening in the side wall under a gabled dormer. The dormer roof and main living compartment roof are constructed without conventional roof trusses or ridge beams to provide the additional head room of a cathedral ceiling. The peak of the dormer roof is formed by rafters joined to a tie beam. The other end of the dormer rafter are butt cut and toed into the rafters of the main living compartment without ridge beams. The slide-out room roof has a similar truss-less construction. The peak of the slide-out roof is formed by rafters joined to its own tie beam. The slide-out rafters are butt cut and connected directly to the double plate of the slide-out sidewalls. A peripheral abutment plate mounted to the open end of the slide-out room sidewalls and roof acts as a stop and allows the slide-out room to be permanently secured in the extended position by fastening the abutment plate directly to the sidewall of the main living compartment.

The advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of an embodiment of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The drawings illustrate an embodiment of the present invention, in which:

FIG. 1 is a simplified perspective view of a conventional manufactured housing unit with a flat roof slide-out room;

FIG. 2 is a simplified end sectional view of the conventional manufactured housing unit with a flat roof slide-out room of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an interior side view of the slide-out room of the conventional manufactured housing unit of FIG. 1

FIG. 4 is a simplified perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention showing a manufactured housing unit and slide-out room with a pitched roof;

FIG. 5 is a simplified end sectional view of the manufactured housing unit and slide-out room of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a simplified side sectional view of the manufactured housing unit and slide-out room of FIG. 4;

FIG. 7 is a partial exploded view of another embodiment of a manufactured housing unit and pitched roof slide-out room;

FIG. 8 is a partial exploded view of the pitched roof slide-out room of FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a side sectional view of the manufactured housing unit of FIG. 7 showing the pitched roof slide-out room in the retracted position; and

FIG. 10 is a side sectional view of the manufactured housing unit of FIG. 7 showing the pitched roof slide-out room in the extended position.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The present invention provides for a pitched roof and cathedral ceiling for both the slide-out room and main living compartment. For simplicity of illustration and explanation, the teachings of this invention are illustrated and explained as part of a typical manufactured housing unit, but may be incorporated into any slide-out room application. In addition, it is understood that the teachings of the present invention may be employed with both manual and powered slide-out room applications. Due to the construction methods for manufacturing the pitched roof slide-out room, explained hereinafter, the teaching of this invention is ideally suited for the present invention and can be utilized in manufactured housing and recreational vehicles ranging from a width of seven feet to twenty-eight feet, but can be used with roof configurations of any pitch (angle).

Referring now to the drawings, FIGS. 1-3 generally illustrate the roof configuration of a conventional manufactured housing unit and slide-out room with flat roofs and ceilings. The conventional slide-out room retracts and extends from the main living compartment so that the flat roof of the slide-out room slides under the flat ceiling of the main living unit. By contrast, FIGS. 4-6 generally illustrate the roof configuration of a manufactured housing unit 10 embodying the present invention. Manufactured housing unit 10 includes a main living compartment 12 and a truss-less pitched roof slide-out room 14. Slide-out room 14 extends from main living compartment 12 through a pentagonal opening 13 in the side wall under a gabled dormer 16. The interior of main living compartment 12 has a cathedral ceiling in the dormer area of the main living compartment. Slide-out room 14 includes a pitched roof and cathedral ceiling, whose dimensions and angle conforms to that of pentagonal opening 13 and dormer 16. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 6, the cathedral ceilings of the pitched roof slide-out room 14 and main living compartment 12 provide additional overhead space than conventional slide-out rooms.

FIGS. 7-10 illustrate a more detailed manufactured housing unit 20 embodying the present invention. Manufactured housing unit 20 includes a main living compartment 30 and a truss-less pitched roof slide-out room 50. Main living compartment 30 includes sidewalls 32, a pitched roof 34 and a gabled dormer 40. Slide-out room 50 extends from main living compartment 30 through a pentagonal opening 31 in side wall 32 under gabled dormer 40. As shown in FIG. 6, the interior of main living compartment 30 also has a cathedral ceiling 36 in the dormer area of the main living compartment. Slide-out room 50 includes a floor deck 52, gabled end wall 54 and side walls 56. Slide-out room 50 also includes a pitched roof 60 and cathedral ceiling 62, whose dimension and angle conforms to the dimension of the pentagonal opening 31 in sidewall 32 of main living compartment 30 under dormer 40.

FIGS. 7-10 also illustrate the basic construction of pitched roof 60 of slide-out room 50, as well as, roof 34 and dormer 40 of main living compartment 30. Slide-out room 50 and main living compartment 30 are constructed using conventional manufactured housing methods and materials. As shown, floor deck 52, end wall 54 and sidewalls 56 are framed from wooden studs and covered with plywood, particle board, drywall or other wall and floor sheathing. The exterior and interior faces of end wall 54 and sidewalls 56 may be painted or covered with sliding, tile or any suitable treatment as desired. Likewise, floor deck 52 may be carpeted or covered with tile or other flooring coverings. Floor deck 52, end wall 54 and sidewalls 56 may also be constructed of monocoque laminate wall panels, which are well known in the manufactured housing and recreational vehicle industry. Monocoque wall panels are light weight and can be constructed in any desirable width, size or configuration. Typically, the monocoque wall panels have an internal tubular aluminum skeleton and an insulated core sandwiched between outer skins. The internal skeleton provides structural integrity to the panel. Typically, the insulation core is a polyester/styrene copolymer and the outer skins are a gel-coat, such as Filon, bonded to lauan plywood. The monocoque panels provide a strong yet light weight covering without adding significant thickness to the walls and floor itself.

As best shown in FIG. 7, dormer roof 42 and main living compartment roof 34 are constructed without conventional roof trusses or ridge beams to provide the additional head room of a cathedral ceiling. The peak of dormer roof 42 is formed by rafters 44 joined at the top to a tie beam 46. The other end of rafter 44 are butt cut and toed into the rafters 38 of main living compartment 30 without ridge beams. Rafters 44 are covered with conventional plywood or similar sheathing, which is nailed and/or glued to the rafters. As with other conventional roofs, roof 34 and dormer roof 42 are finished with moisture barrier (not shown) and roof shingles or any other suitable roof treatment.

As shown in FIG. 8. slide-out room roof 60 has a similar truss-less construction. The peak of slide-out roof 60 is formed by rafters 64 joined at the top to a tie beam 66. Slide-out rafters 64 are butt cut and connected directly to the double plate 58 of slide-out sidewalls 56. It should be noted that only one end of tie beam 66 is supported by a king post 68. Again, rafters 64 of slide-out roof 60 are covered with plywood sheathing, which is nailed and/or glued to the rafters and finished with moisture barrier and roof shingles.

The need for roof trusses and ridge beams is eliminated once floor deck 52, end wall 54, sidewalls 56 and roof 60 of slide-out room 50 are interconnected. In small applications, where the main compartment is less than twenty-eight feet wide, the relatively small size of the accompanying slide-out room can be fabricated without roof trusses and ridge beams without sacrificing the integrity of the finished structure. The construction of the dormer 40 and slide-out roof 60 uses various metal rafter brackets, speed bracing, hold down brackets, fascia clip and other braces and truss bracketing (not shown) to compensate for the lack of conventional trusses with ridge beams and side posts. It should be noted that the sheathing used to construct slide-out roof 60 and dormer 40 is nailed and/or glued to the various rafters, which also helps maintain the structural integrity of the structure.

A peripheral abutment plate 70 is mounted to the open end of slide-out sidewalls 56 and slide-out roof 60. Abutment plate 70 is constructed of layered planks of plywood or laminate 72 and is faced with a plank of finished vernier, tile or wall treatment 74 (FIG. 8). Abutment plate 70 acts as a stop when extending slide-out room 50 from the main living compartment. In addition, slide-out room 50 can be permanently secured in the extended position by fastening abutment plate 70 directly to sidewall 32 of main living compartment 30 (FIG. 10).

One skilled in the art will note that the truss-less pitched roof and cathedral ceiling provided by the roof designs of this invention create additional overhead space within the housing units. The pitched roof line of the slide-out room provides a gabled outer wall for a broken linear appearance. When extended, the cathedral ceiling of the slide-out room gives a continuous loft appearance from the main living area. The increased over head space also creates more area on the exterior wall of the slide-out room, which can be used for larger windows and decor. The pitch roof and cathedral ceiling create more overhead room within the same living space and presents a more aesthetic visual appearance. The present invention can be utilized in manufactured housing and recreational vehicles ranging from a width of seven feet to twenty-eight feet. The pitched roof design of the slide-out room can be sloped for any desired pitch.

The embodiment of the present invention herein described and illustrated is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. It is presented to explain the invention so that others skilled in the art might utilize its teachings. The embodiment of the present invention may be modified within the scope of the following claims.