Title:
Multiple Drug Injection Apparatus
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The present invention is a fluid dispensing device particularly suited to medicine but also having many other applications. The user manually and selectively dispenses any of one or more fluids, typically a drug, contained within the device. Generally, the device comprises a frame that holds multiple hypodermic syringes and channels the dispensed fluids through a manifold. A flushing solution, for example a saline solution, enters the manifold, flows past each of the points where the syringes input into the manifold and continues to flow out of the device to a patient where the flushing solution and dispensed fluid are delivered to a patient.



Inventors:
Lafferty, John Peter (North Miami, FL, US)
Application Number:
11/781453
Publication Date:
06/19/2008
Filing Date:
07/23/2007
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
604/207, 604/89
International Classes:
A61M5/00; B67D7/08; B67D7/70
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:
20080281291Drainage/irrigation urethral catheterNovember, 2008Tihon et al.
20080221546NOVEL DISPOSABLE DIAPER CONSTRUCTION AND ADHESIVESeptember, 2008Quinn et al.
20080306439Devices for mixing and applying a fluid compositionDecember, 2008Nelson et al.
20090287150Universal Rechargeable Limited Reuse Assembly For Ophthalmic Hand PieceNovember, 2009Dacquay et al.
20100069880MEDICAL GUIDE ELEMENT WITH DIAMETER TRANSITIONMarch, 2010Grayzel et al.
20050274665Capillary membrane and device for production thereofDecember, 2005Heilmann et al.
20050216044Total occlusion recanalization facilitating deviceSeptember, 2005Hong
20080030303Surgical pad accounting system and methodFebruary, 2008Kobren et al.
20080167600Device for delivery of an agent to the eye and other sitesJuly, 2008Peyman
20050059948Attachable side panels for absorbent garmentsMarch, 2005Murguly
20100042036Automatic priming methodFebruary, 2010Masaoka et al.



Primary Examiner:
CARPENTER, WILLIAM R
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CHRISTOPHER J. VANDAM, P.A. (MIAMI, FL, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A fluid dispensing device comprising: a) a frame assembly comprising a plate with bores around the periphery of the plate where said bores are dimensioned to securely accept a vessel; b) a vessel assembly comprising a vessel sealed on one end by a movable piston and the opposite end connected to a manifold assembly; c) a manifold assembly comprising a receiver that accepts a vessel and a channel that channels the dispensed fluid from each of said vessels through a port out of the device.

2. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that vessel is removably connected to said manifold assembly.

3. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that a one-way valve is inserted between the vessel assembly and the manifold assembly preventing backflow of fluid from the manifold assembly into the vessel assembly.

4. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that the force to dispense the fluid contained in the vessel is supplied by a human hand depressing a head connected to a shaft connected to said piston.

5. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that said manifold assembly has a port for an external fluid source to enter said manifold and flush through said channel and exit through a second port.

6. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that there is a chamber between the vessel and the common port out of the device that acts as a bubble trap.

7. A method of using the fluid dispensing device as set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that the fluids dispensed are drugs pre-selected for a specific medical procedure.

8. A method of using the fluid dispensing device as in claim 1 where the fluids dispensed are lubricants, food products, gasses, liquids, chemical reagents, tints, colorants, stains, paints or gels.

9. A fluid dispensing device comprising: a) a frame assembly comprising a bore to hold a vessel and a post to connect the frame assembly to a manifold assembly; b) a vessel assembly comprising a vessel containing a fluid to be dispensed and a means to depress a piston into the vessel thereby dispensing the fluid contained inside the vessel; c) a manifold assembly that channels the fluids to be dispensed from said vessel through a port out of the device.

10. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 9 further characterized in that said manifold assembly has a port for an external fluid source enter the manifold assembly and flush fluids dispensed into the manifold assembly through a second port out of the device.

11. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 9 further characterized in that one way valves are between each of said vessels and said manifold assembly thereby preventing flow from the manifold assembly into the vessel.

12. A fluid dispensing device set forth in claim 9 further characterized in that said manifold assembly includes a chamber that acts as a bubble trap.

Description:

OTHER RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application is a continuation-in-part pending of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/610,930, filed on Dec. 14, 2006, which is hereby incorporated by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to fluid dispensers, and more particularly, to a fluid dispenser that in the preferred embodiment is suited to dispense drugs.

2. Description of the Related Art

Several designs for fluid dispensers have been designed in the past. None of them, however, includes a means to selectively and simply dispense any of several fluids from a single device.

Applicant believes that the closest reference corresponds to U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/156,575 by inventor Wesley Verkaart. However, it differs from the present invention because the Verkaart invention does not provide a means to precisely dispense liquids, does not provide a means to reduce mixing of the dispensed fluids, does not permit the user to select the dispensed fluids, does not permit the user to remove a single fluid vessel while the remaining vessels may stay in use, does not provide a simple hand operated dispensing mechanism, all of which are provided for in the present invention.

Other patents describing the closest subject matter provide for a number of more or less complicated features that fail to solve the problem in an efficient and economical way. None of these patents suggest the novel features of the present invention.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The instant invention is generally a fluid dispensing device comprising a frame assembly further comprising one or more posts connected to a plate. Said plate has multiple bores dimensioned to accept a vessel such as a syringe. Said posts connect said frame assembly to a manifold assembly. Said manifold assembly connects to a vessel assembly and channels a fluid contained inside the vessel assembly through the manifold assembly and out of the device through a common port.

In one embodiment of the invention the vessel assemblies are individually removable from the frame assembly and manifold assembly. In another embodiment the frame assembly, manifold assembly and vessel assembly are fused into a single unit.

Prior to dispensing a fluid the respective vessel is filled with a pre-selected fluid. When in use the frame assembly, manifold assembly and vessel assembly are connected into a single unit. The vessel assembly is emptied by the user pressing on a head, transferring force through a shaft onto a piston inside the vessel thereby forcing the contents of the vessel out of the vessel, through the manifold assembly and out of the device through a common port.

It is therefore one of the main objects of the present invention to provide a device that contains fluid that can be dispensed quickly.

It is another object of this invention to provide a device that can reduce human error in the dispensing of fluid.

It is an object of this invention to provide a compact and efficient fluid dispensing device.

It is an object of this invention to reduce waste and costs associated with storage and disposal of waste.

It is an object of this invention to provide a device that permits a reduced time to change between fluids dispensed.

It is an object of this invention to permit rapid re-loading of fluid in a safe and efficient manner.

It is an object of this invention to have a device that can dispense various fluids common to a particular application of use.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a device that can be used effectively and safely, in certain embodiments, for emergency medicine, combat medicine, first responders, anesthesiology, dentistry, veterinary medicine and many medical situations.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide such a device that is inexpensive to manufacture and maintain while retaining its effectiveness.

Further objects of the invention will be brought out in the following part of the specification, wherein detailed description is for the purpose of fully disclosing the invention without placing limitations thereon.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

With the above and other related objects in view, the invention consists in the details of construction and combination of parts as will be more fully understood from the following description, when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 represents a perspective view of an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 2 shows a perspective view of an embodiment of the invention without the vessel assembly.

FIG. 3 illustrates a perspective view of the underside of an embodiment of the invention showing greater detail of the manifold assembly.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring now to the drawings, where the present invention is generally referred to with numeral 10, it can be observed in FIG. 1 that in this embodiment it basically includes a frame assembly 100, a manifold assembly 200 and a vessel assembly 300.

The frame assembly 100 comprises, inter alia, a plate 102, multiple bores 104 and one or more posts 106. In the preferred embodiment said posts 106 intersect at a substantially right angle and are rigidly affixed to the plate 102. Said plate 102 has a series of bores 104 that are dimensioned to permit a vessel assembly 300 to pass through easily but small enough to prevent the vessel assembly 300 from excessive lateral movement inside the bore 104.

The vessel assembly 300 comprises, inter alia, a vessel 302, a head 308, a shaft 306 and piston 310. In the preferred embodiment the vessel 302 is a common hypodermic syringe with graduations 304 to indicate the volume of fluid contained inside the vessel 302. In one method of use the vessel assemblies 300 are provided to the user pre-filled and/or pre-installed into the frame assembly 100 and manifold assembly 300. In an alternate method of use the user fills the vessel 302 (typically a syringe) with the selected fluid and connects the vessel assembly 300 to the frame assembly 100 and manifold assembly 200.

When the vessel assembly 300 is full and attached to the frame assembly 100 and manifold assembly 200 the fluid contained inside the vessel 302 may be dispensed by the user by pressing on the head 308 which transfers force to the piston 310 through the shaft 306. The piston 310 then exerts the force onto the fluid contained inside the vessel 302 and the fluid is expelled from the vessel 302 into the manifold assembly 200.

The manifold assembly 200 comprises, inter alia, a chamber 202, a chamber 204, a frame 206, receivers 208, valves 210, a port 212, a port 214 and a channel 216. The manifold assembly 200 is rigidly affixed to, or optionally removable from, the frame assembly 100 at the terminus of the posts 106 opposite the plate 102. Said channel 216 has a terminus at port 212 and is open at each of the receivers 208 to accept fluid dispensed from the vessel 302 and with the opposite terminus at port 214.

In the preferred embodiment each of the vessel assemblies 300 is connected to a valve 210. Said valve 210 is preferably a one way valve to prevent backflow from the manifold assembly 200 into the respective vessel assembly 300. When dispensing a fluid from a vessel assembly 300 the fluid is expelled from the vessel 302 through the valve 210, through the receiver 208 and into the channel 216. A carrier solution, for example a saline drip, enters port 212, passes through chamber 202 and flows through the channel 216 past each receiver 208 where the fluid being dispensed meets the carrier solution and both fluids exit the invention through chamber 204 and port 214 to the patient. In typical use the carrier solution is gravity fed through a tube (not shown) connected to port 212. Another tube (not shown) is connected to the port 214 that delivers the carrier solution and dispensed fluid to the patient.

Chamber 202 and chamber 204 are optional and if present provide a feature to trap any gas mixed into the fluid being dispensed to aid in avoiding an embolus being delivered to the patient. While the invention is being prepared for use the chambers 202 and 204 can be cleared of any unwanted gas bubbles by inverting the invention so that the volume inside the chambers 202 and 204 is below the level of the channel 216 thereby permitting any gas bubbles to float to the surface and exit port 214 and be discharged from the device and discarded before entering a patient.

The vessel assembly 300 may be connected to the valve 210 by threads, a snap together connector, or may be permanently affixed or by any other means that provide for a substantially leak-free seal between the vessel assembly 300 and the manifold assembly 200. The valve 210 may be connected to the receiver 208 by threads, a snap together connector, or may be permanently affixed or by any other means that provide for a substantially leak-free seal between the valve 210 and the receiver 208.

In the preferred embodiment of the invention the receiver 208 is formed integrally with the frame 206 but may also be connected to the frame 206 by threads, a snap together connector, or may be permanently affixed or by any other means that provide for a substantially leak-free seal between the frame 206 and the receiver 208.

The preferred method of using the device comprises filling the multiple vessels 302 with various drugs (or other fluids as the application of the device may merit) or obtaining pre-filled vessels 302. The fluids contained in the vessels 302 may vary to prepare the user for a particular application such as for example an anesthesiology course, a set of medications suited to combat medicine or emergency trauma or any other series of fluids that the user may desire handy for a particular application of the device. The vessel assembly 300 is then fit through a bore 104 in the plate 102 and secured to the manifold assembly 200 so as to avoid any leakage of fluid. A flushing solution is fed into port 212 and passes through the channel 216 and out of the device through port 214. The user may optionally invert the device while the flushing solution is flowing but before attaching to the patient to evacuate any unwanted bubbles from the manifold assembly 200. The port 214 is then connected to the patient by tubing to carry the fluid to the patient. The user can then dispense the drug from the vessel assembly 300 by forcing the piston 310 into the vessel 302 thereby dispensing the drug into the manifold assembly 200 where the flushing fluid carries the drug through the channel 216 in the manifold assembly 200 out of the device through port 214 and onto the patient.

The foregoing description conveys the best understanding of the objectives and advantages of the present invention. Different embodiments may be made of the inventive concept of this invention. It is to be understood that all matter disclosed herein is to be interpreted merely as illustrative, and not in a limiting sense.