Title:
Curb and gutter concrete form system
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The present invention is a curb and gutter concrete form system. Embodiments of the curb and gutter concrete form system may include lateral, radius and/or divider brackets. The present invention is useful for forming curb and gutter structures along linear and curved street edges. Features of the invention include adjustment for various gutter configurations including spill and catch, modular design and reusability.



Inventors:
Jones, Kurtis D. (Herriman, UT, US)
Application Number:
11/983211
Publication Date:
05/22/2008
Filing Date:
11/06/2007
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E01C11/22
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
SAFAVI, MICHAEL
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MORRISS OBRYANT COMPAGNI CANNON, PLLC (SALT LAKE CITY, UT, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A curb and gutter concrete form system, comprising: a gutter face panel, a curb face panel and a curb back panel, each of the panels comprising a bendable generally planar elongated member having mounting holes placed at selected intervals; and a plurality of lateral brackets configured for attachment to and uniformly holding the gutter face panel, the curb face panel and the curb back panel at pre-selected distances relative to each other.

2. The system according to claim 1, further comprising stake brackets configured for attachment to the mounting holes on the gutter face panel and the curb back panel, each stake bracket configured with an annular opening for receiving a stake therethrough.

3. The system according to claim 2, wherein each of the stake brackets further comprises a stake adjustment configured for locking the stake bracket to a stake in a selected position.

4. The system according to claim 1, wherein the lateral bracket further comprises: an upper angled member configured for extending from a top of the gutter face panel to a top of the curb face panel; a lower angled member configured for extending from the top of the gutter face panel to a bottom of the curb face panel; a curb face panel bracket configured for attachment to the curb face panel; and a top member configured for extending from the top of the curb face panel to a top of the curb back panel.

5. The system according to claim 4, wherein the lateral bracket further comprises a curb back panel hook extending from the top member for engaging the top of the curb back panel.

6. The system according to claim 4, wherein the lateral bracket further comprises a gutter face panel hook extending from an intersection of the upper and lower angled members and configured for engaging the top of the gutter face panel.

7. The system according to claim 4, wherein the lateral bracket further comprises a support member attached to the upper and lower angled members at a location between the gutter face panel and the curb face panel.

8. The system according to claim 1, wherein the curb face panel bracket is configured for attachment to the curb face panel using an attachment mechanism selected from the group consisting of: flat head pin and wedge, nut and bolt, rivet, and spot weld.

9. A radius bracket for use in a curb and gutter concrete form system, comprising: a gutter face member, substantially vertically oriented and configured to support a gutter face panel; a gutter surface member extending substantially horizontally from the gutter face member; a curb face member extending substantially vertically up from the gutter surface member, the curb face member configured for supporting a curb face panel; a curb back member extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member, the curb back member configured for supporting a curb back panel.

10. The radius bracket according to claim 9, wherein the gutter face member further comprises: a plurality of adjustment holes extending through the gutter face member; a gutter panel engagement bracket including a gutter panel slot for receiving a top edge of the gutter face panel and mounting holes for selective mounting to the plurality of adjustment holes; and a gutter panel hook rotationally engaging the gutter panel engagement bracket and configured to support a bottom edge of the gutter face panel.

11. The radius bracket according to claim 10, wherein the selective mounting may be configured for one of spill, catch or horizontal gutter configurations.

12. The radius bracket according to claim 9, wherein the curb face member further comprises a curb face bracket extending substantially perpendicular from the curb face member and including a curb face mounting hole for mounting to the curb face panel.

13. The radius bracket according to claim 12, further comprising an attachment mechanism for engaging the curb face mounting hole and a mounting hole in a curb face panel.

14. The radius bracket according to claim 9, wherein the curb back member further comprises: a curb panel slot formed in the curb back member for receiving a top edge of the curb back panel; and a curb panel hook rotationally engaging the curb back member and configured to support a bottom edge of the curb back panel.

15. A divider bracket for use in a curb and gutter concrete form system, comprising: a gutter panel grip configured for resting on top of a gutter face panel; a gutter member extending substantially horizontally from the gutter panel grip; a curb face member extending substantially vertically up from the gutter member; a curb top member extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member; and a curb back panel grip disposed at an end of the curb top member and configured for resting on a top edge of a curb back panel.

16. The divider bracket according to claim 15, wherein the gutter member further comprises: a curb face panel tab extending substantially vertically from the gutter member and substantially parallel to the curb face member, the curb face panel tab configured for receiving a bottom corner of a gutter face panel; and a gutter panel tab extending substantially vertically from the gutter member near the gutter panel grip.

17. The divider bracket according to claim 16, wherein the curb face panel tab further comprises a finger hole for use in removing the divider bracket after concrete has set.

18. The divider bracket according to claim 16, wherein the curb face panel tab further comprises a leveling surface for configuring a slope of a gutter.

19. The divider bracket according to claim 16, wherein the gutter panel tab further comprises a finger hole for use in removing the divider bracket after concrete has set.

20. The divider bracket according to claim 16, wherein the gutter panel tab further comprises a leveling surface for configuring a slope of a gutter.

21. The divider bracket according to claim 15, wherein the curb face member further comprises a curb face panel support edge configured to rest against a side of a curb face panel.

22. The divider bracket according to claim 21, wherein the curb face panel support edge is set at a preselected angle relative to vertical.

23. The divider bracket according to claim 15, wherein the curb top member further comprises a rotationally engaged hook near the curb face member configured to rest upon and hold a top edge of the curb face panel.

24. The divider bracket according to claim 15, wherein the curb top member further comprises a curb top tab extending substantially vertically from the curb top member, the curb top tab including a finger hole.

25. A curb and gutter concrete form system for forming a curved curb and gutter, comprising: a gutter face panel; a curb face panel; a curb back panel; and at least one radius bracket for supporting the gutter face panel, the curb face panel and the curb back panel uniformly from each other in a position to receive concrete to form the curved curb and gutter.

26. The system according to claim 25, wherein each of the at least one radius brackets further comprises: a gutter face member, substantially vertically oriented and configured to support the gutter face panel; a gutter surface member extending substantially horizontally from the gutter face member; a curb face member extending substantially vertically up from the gutter surface member, the curb face member configured for supporting the curb face panel; a curb back member extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member, the curb back member configured for supporting the curb back panel.

27. A curb and gutter concrete form system for forming a straight curb and gutter, comprising: a gutter face panel; a curb face panel; a curb back panel; and at least one divider bracket for supporting the gutter face panel, the curb face panel and the curb back panel uniformly from each other in a position to receive concrete to form the curved curb and gutter.

28. The system according to claim 27, wherein each of the at least one divider brackets further comprises: a gutter panel grip configured for resting on top of a gutter panel; a gutter member extending substantially horizontally from the gutter panel grip; a curb face member extending substantially vertically up from the gutter member; a curb top member extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member; and a curb back panel grip disposed at an end of the curb top member and configured for resting on a top edge of a curb back panel.

Description:

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This nonprovisional patent application claims benefit and priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(e) of the filing of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/857,436 filed on Nov. 6, 2006, titled “CURB AND GUTTER CONCRETE FORM SYSTEM”, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference for all purposes.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates generally to concrete form systems. More particularly, the present invention relates to a curb and gutter concrete form system.

2. Description of Related Art

Curbs and gutters formed of concrete are well known in the art. Early conventional methods for forming curbs and gutters include hand-placed, wood or metal forms to be assembled, taken apart and reassembled throughout a given project. The primary advantage of the hand-placed forms is that they are relatively low cost. However, the conventional hand-placed forms process is labor and time intensive, requiring the cement material to harden before the molds may be removed. The edges formed by such a process then typically require finishing with an edging tool, followed by hand or machine finishing with trowels to a smooth surface or any number of textured surfaces, the most common being a broom finish. Another drawback with conventional hand-placed forms systems is that the forms themselves are generally not meant to be reused.

Because of the labor intensity of conventional hand-placed forms systems, many types of curb forming machines have been developed, from large slip-form machines used in freeway construction, to the smaller curb forming and extruding machines used in general construction. Examples of such conventional slip forming machines used to form curbs and gutters are disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,890,123 to Piccoli, 6,863,470 to Eggleton et al., 6,817,849 to Taylor, 6,540,435 to Lizarraga, 6,508,606 to James, III et al. and 4,013,375 to Heaton.

In conventional slip forming machines, the construction material must be manually placed into a hopper on the device where it is either manually or mechanically transported by pressure into the extrusion cavity. Such devices require a power source and an engine or pump onboard the formation machine itself, rendering it heavy and otherwise inconvenient. For some slip forming devices, the weight and the adhesion of the concrete material to the surface along with the pressure pushing the material into the extrusion cavity, propels the device in a forward direction. However, such devices do not automatically propel up or down inclined surfaces because of the excessive weight of the apparatus. Thus, such devices generally require an attached motor to supply a driving force when required, making them very cumbersome even in the lightest models. Furthermore, cleaning such concrete forming systems is a major problem in the industry because hardened concrete left on the machinery is extremely hard to remove. Finally, slip forming machines are substantially more expensive than hand-placed concrete forms.

Accordingly, there exists a need in the art for a curb and gutter concrete form system that avoids the cost and maintenance problems of conventional slip form machines, yet retains the low cost advantages of hand-placed forms and yet overcomes at least some of the labor intensive and reusability problems associated with conventional hand-placed forms.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An embodiment of a curb and gutter concrete form system is disclosed. The system may include a gutter face panel, a curb face panel and a curb back panel each of the panels comprising a bendable generally planar elongated member having mounting holes placed at selected intervals. The system may further include a plurality of lateral brackets configured for attachment to and uniformly holding the gutter face panel, the curb face panel and the curb back panel at pre-selected distances relative to each other.

An embodiment of a radius bracket for use in a curb and gutter concrete form system is disclosed. The radius bracket may include a gutter face member, substantially vertically oriented and configured to support a gutter face panel. The radius bracket may further include a gutter surface member extending substantially horizontally from the gutter face member. The radius bracket may further include a curb face member extending substantially vertically up from the gutter surface member, the curb face member configured for supporting a curb face panel. The radius bracket may further include a curb back member extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member, the curb back member configured for supporting a curb back panel.

An embodiment of a divider bracket for use in a curb and gutter concrete form system is disclosed. The divider bracket may include a gutter panel grip configured for resting on top of a gutter face panel. The divider bracket may further include a a gutter member extending substantially horizontally from the gutter panel grip. The divider bracket may further include a curb face member extending substantially vertically up from the gutter member. The divider bracket may further include a curb top member extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member. The divider bracket may further include a curb back panel grip disposed at an end of the curb top member and configured for resting on a top edge of a curb back panel.

An embodiment of a curb and gutter concrete form system for forming a curved or straight curb and gutter structures is disclosed. The system may include a gutter face panel, a curb face panel and a curb back panel. The system may further include at least one radius bracket and/or divider bracket for supporting the gutter face panel, the curb face panel and the curb back panel uniformly from each other in a position to receive concrete to form the curved curb and gutter.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS

To further clarify the advantages and features of the present invention, a more particular description of the invention will be rendered by reference to specific embodiments thereof that are illustrated in the appended drawings. It will be appreciated that these drawings depict only typical embodiments of the invention and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the scope of the invention. The invention will be described and explained with additional specificity and detail through the use of the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a perspective photograph of a curb and gutter concrete form system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a cross-section of a curb and gutter formed using the embodiment of a curb and gutter concrete form system shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a top perspective photograph of the curb and gutter concrete form system shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a drawing of another embodiment of a curb and gutter concrete form system according to the present invention.

FIG. 5 illustrates a side view of an embodiment of a radius bracket for use in the curb and gutter concrete form system shown in FIG. 4 according to the present invention.

FIG. 6 illustrates a perspective view of the radius bracket shown in FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 illustrates a side view of an embodiment of a divider bracket for use in the curb and gutter concrete form system shown in FIG. 4 according to the present invention.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the divider bracket shown in FIG. 7.

FIG. 9 is a photographic image of a straight portion of the system shown in FIG. 4 showing how a level may be used to configure the slope of a gutter.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS

Reference will now be made to figures of embodiments of the present invention wherein like structures will be provided with like reference designations. It is understood that the drawings are diagrammatic and schematic representations of exemplary embodiments of the present invention and are neither limiting of the present invention nor are they necessarily drawn or shown to scale.

The embodiments of curb and gutter concrete form systems illustrated and explained herein are particularly suitable for use with concrete. It will be understood that other suitable materials that may be poured into a concrete form system may also be used consistent with the principle of the present invention. Thus, the use of the term concrete is not meant to be limiting of the scope of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a cross-section of a curb 202 and gutter 204 formed using an embodiment of a curb and gutter concrete form system 100 of the present invention. A curb 202 and gutter 204 is generally a combined structure formed of concrete. A curb 202 and gutter 204 is commonly used as a boundary along an edge of a street (not shown in FIG. 2, but would be located generally left of gutter 204 as shown in FIG. 2). A curb 202 and gutter 204 may serve as a barrier to prevent vehicles on the street from driving onto landscaping, sidewalks and the like beyond the curb 202. A curb 202 and gutter 204 may also serve as a conduit for water running off of the street and into one or more storm drains (not shown).

A curb 202 is generally raised relative to a gutter 204 and the street. A curb 202 may abut landscaping or a sidewalk (not shown in FIG. 2, but would be located generally right of curb 202 as shown in FIG. 2) on the side opposite of the street. A gutter 204 typically has a planar gutter surface 210 that extends from the base 206 of a curb 202. Gutters 204 may be formed to “catch” water along the boundary 208 between the gutter 204 and adjacent to the curb 202 by selectively inclining (not shown for clarity) the gutter surface 210 relative to horizontal as it extends from the curb 202. Gutters 204 may also be formed to “spill” water by declining the gutter surface 210 at a preselected angle from horizontal as it extends from the curb base 206.

Referring now to FIG. 1, an embodiment of the curb and gutter concrete form system is shown generally at arrow 100, according to the present invention. The embodiment of system 100 illustrated in FIG. 1 is configured for constructing a portion of a curved curb and gutter along an edge of a road (not shown) that bends more than 90° from end to end along the curve. However, the curb and gutter concrete form system 100 may be used along any portion of an edge of a road, including straight sections. System 100 may include a gutter face panel 102, a curb face panel 104 and a curb back panel 106. System 100 may be used to form a raised curb 202 (FIG. 2) that may abut landscaping (not shown) or a sidewalk (not shown) and a gutter 204 (FIG. 2) that extends from the base 206 (FIG. 2) of the curb 202 to abut the street paving (not shown). The curb 202 is formed between the curb back panel 106 and the curb face panel 104. The gutter 204 is formed between the gutter face panel 102 and the curb face panel 104. As curbs 202 are generally raised up from gutters 204, the relative height of the curb face panel 104 and the curb back panel 106 is higher from the ground 120 than the height of the gutter face panel 102.

Both gutter face panel 102 and curb back panel 106 may be supported by stakes 108 driven into the ground 120. Stakes 108 are passed through stake brackets 110 which may be connected to an outside surface 103 of gutter face panel 102 and an outside surface 107 of curb back panel 106. Stake brackets 110 are generally configured to receive a stake 108 through an annular opening along an edge. An opposite end of stake bracket 110 may be configured with bolt holes for receiving mounting bolts to secure the stake brackets 110 to an inside 102 or curb back panel 106. Stake brackets 110 may be formed of plastic, aluminum, steel or any other suitable material.

Stake brackets 110 are also generally configured to receive a stake adjustment 112 for securing the stake bracket 110 to a stake 108. Stake adjustment 112 may be for example, and not by way of limitation, an eye bolt and knob configured for holding a stake 108 in a fixed position within the stake bracket 110 as shown in FIG. 1. It will be understood that there are many other suitable embodiments of stake adjustments 112 known to those skilled in the art, for example, a threaded bolt to engage the stake 108, a flat head pin and wedge and a locking cam mechanism.

Gutter face panel 102 may also be configured with stake bracket pockets 114 for receiving stake brackets 110. Stake brackets 110 and stake bracket pockets 114 may be attached to the gutter face panels 102 or curb back panels 106 via mounting holes 118 formed in the gutter face panels 102 and curb back panels 106. The curb face panel 104 may also have mounting holes 118.

The relative positions of a gutter face panel 102, a curb face panel 104 and a curb back panel 106 may be maintained by lateral brackets 116 in system 100. Lateral bracket 116 may be configured to separate a gutter face panel 102 from a curb face panel 104, which is in turn separated from curb back panel 106 at any preselected or desired distances along any radius or curve for the desired curb 202 and gutter 204. A lateral bracket 116 may take any suitable form for the intended purpose of separating the inside 102, intermediate 104 and curb back panels 106. Referring again to FIG. 2, a lateral bracket 116 may include an upper angled member 212 and lateral top members 218 extending from a top edge of gutter face panel 102 to the top of curb face panel 104 and finally to the top of curb back panel 106.

The gutter face panels 102, curb face panels 104 and curb back panels 106 may be formed of any suitable bendable material capable of supporting wet concrete in a desired shape. For example, the gutter face panel 102, curb face panel 104 and curb back panel 106 may be formed of a suitable thickness of aluminum, plastic or other elongated planar material. Stake brackets 110 may be formed of plastic, steel, aluminum or any suitably hard material consistent with the present invention.

Referring generally to FIGS. 1-3, an embodiment of a curb and gutter concrete form system 100 may include a gutter face panel 102, a curb face panel 104 and a curb back panel 106, each of the panels comprising a bendable, generally planar elongated member having mounting holes 118 placed at selected intervals. System 100 may further include a plurality of lateral brackets 116 each lateral bracket 116 configured for attachment to and uniformly holding the gutter face panel 102, the curb face panel 104 and the curb back panel 106 at pre-selected distances relative to each other. System 100 is particularly useful for forming curbs 204 and gutters 204 along curved paths along the edge of a street.

According to another embodiment, system 100 may further include stake brackets 110 configured for attachment to the mounting holes 118 on the gutter face panel 102 and the curb back panel 106, each stake bracket 110 configured with an annular opening 306 (FIG. 3) for receiving a stake 108 therethrough. According to yet another embodiment of system 100, each of the stake brackets 110 may further include a stake adjustment 112 configured for locking the stake bracket 110 to a stake 108 in a selected position.

As best shown in FIG. 2 and according to another embodiment of system 100 a lateral bracket 116 may include an upper angled member 212 configured for extending from a top of the gutter face panel 102 to a top of the curb face panel 104. The lateral bracket 116 may further include a lower angled member 214 configured for extending from the top of the gutter face panel 102 to a bottom of the curb face panel 104. The lateral bracket 116 may further include a curb face panel bracket 216 configured for attachment to the curb face panel 104. The lateral bracket 116 may further include a top member 218 configured for extending from the top of the curb face panel 104 to a top of the curb back panel 106. According to another embodiment, lateral bracket 116 may further include a curb back panel hook 220 extending from the top member 218 for engaging the top of the curb back panel 106. According to another embodiment, lateral bracket 116 may further include a gutter face panel hook 222 extending from an intersection of the upper 212 and lower 214 angled members and configured for engaging the top of the gutter face panel 102. According to another embodiment, lateral bracket 116 may further include a support member 224 attached to the upper 212 and lower 214 angled members at a location between the gutter face panel 102 and the curb face panel 104.

According to another embodiment, the curb face panel bracket 216 may be configured for attachment to the curb face panel 104 using an attachment mechanism 226. Attachment mechanism may be any suitable attachment mechanism 226, for example and not by way of limitation, a flat head pin 302 (FIG. 3) and wedge 304 (FIG. 3), nut and bolt (not shown), rivet (not shown), and spot weld (not shown). Of course, those skilled in the art will readily recognize that other suitable attachment mechanisms 226 may be used consistent with the principles of the present invention.

Referring now to FIG. 4, an embodiment of a curb and gutter concrete form system 400 is shown. System 400 may be used to form a curved (shown generally at arrow 400A) or straight (shown generally at arrow 400B) curb 202 and gutter 204 structures. An embodiment of system 400 used to form curved curb 202 and gutter 204 structures, i.e., portion 400A, may include a gutter face panel 102, a curb face panel 104 and a curb back panel 106. Portion 400A of system 400 may further include at least one radius bracket 500 for supporting the gutter face panel 102, the curb face panel 104 and the curb back panel 106 uniformly from each other in a position to receive concrete to form the curved curb 202 and gutter 204. Embodiments of a radius bracket 500 are explained in further detail below with reference to FIGS. 5 and 6. An embodiment of system 400 used to form straight curb and gutter structures, i.e., portion 400B may include a gutter face panel 402, a curb face panel 404 and a curb back panel 406. Portion 400B of system 400 may further include at least one divider bracket 700 for supporting the gutter face panel 402, the curb face panel 404 and the curb back panel 406 uniformly from each other in a position to receive concrete to form the curved curb 202 and gutter 204. Embodiments of a divider bracket 700 are explained in further detail below with reference to FIGS. 7 and 8.

As shown in FIG. 4, system 400 may be supported by stakes 108 secured to stake brackets 110 using stake adjustments 112. Thus, system 400 may be entirely suspended on stakes 108 or partially supported on the ground 120 as needed for a particular application. Various combinations of straight portions 400B and curved portions 400A of system 400 may be used to form curb 202 and gutter 204 structures traversing virtually any curvilinear boundary of a street. The embodiment of system 400 shown in FIG. 4 is merely illustrative and not meant to be limiting.

FIG. 5 illustrates a side view of an embodiment of a radius bracket 500 for use in the curb and gutter concrete form system 400. FIG. 6 illustrates a perspective view of the radius bracket in FIG. 5. According to the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6, radius bracket 500 may include a gutter face member 502, substantially vertically oriented and configured to support a gutter face panel 102. Radius bracket 500 may further include a gutter surface member 504 extending substantially horizontally from the gutter face member 502. Radius bracket 500 may further include a curb face member 506 extending substantially vertically up from the gutter surface member 504, the curb face member 506 configured for supporting a curb face panel 104. Radius bracket 500 may further include a curb back member 508 extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member 506, the curb back member 508 configured for supporting a curb back panel 106.

According to another embodiment of radius bracket 500, the gutter face member 502 may further include a plurality of adjustment holes 520 extending through the gutter face member 502. Gutter face member 502 may further include a gutter panel engagement bracket 524 including a gutter panel slot 516 for receiving a top edge of the gutter face panel 102 and mounting holes 528 for selective mounting to the plurality of adjustment holes 520. The selective mounting feature of the present invention facilitates various gutter configurations including spill, catch and horizontal as desired. FIG. 5 illustrates two mounting holes 528 alone and a third mounting hole in the rotational engagement 512. These three mounting holes 528 may be selectively aligned and secured to adjustment holes 520 (seven shown in unobstructed and hidden lines in FIG. 5) formed in the gutter face member 502. It will be understood that this particular arrangement of mounting holes 528 and adjustment holes 520 is merely exemplary and other suitable patterns of holes 520 and 528 as known by one of ordinary skill in the art may be employed consistent with the teachings of the present invention. Gutter face member 502 may further include a gutter panel hook 510 rotationally engaging the gutter panel engagement bracket 524 and configured to support a bottom edge of the gutter face panel 102.

According to another embodiment of radius bracket 500, the curb face member 506 may further include a curb face bracket 522 extending substantially perpendicular from the curb face member 506 and including one or more curb face mounting holes 526 for mounting to the curb face panel 104. According to yet another embodiment the radius bracket 500 further include an attachment mechanism 226 for engaging the curb face mounting hole 526 and a mounting hole 118 in a curb face panel 104. According to an embodiment, the curb back member 508 may further include a curb panel slot 518 formed in the curb back member 508 for receiving a top edge of the curb back panel 106. The curb back member 508 may further include a curb panel hook 514 rotationally engaging 512 the curb back member 508 and configured to support a bottom edge of the curb back panel 106.

FIGS. 6 and 7 are side and perspective views of an embodiment of a divider bracket 700 for use in system 400 consistent with the present invention. A divider bracket 700 is used to support a gutter face panel 402, curb face panel 404 and curb back panel 406 in a straight portion 400B of system 400. A divider bracket 700 also forms dividing lines in the top surface of curb 202 and gutter 204. The dividing lines allow for natural break points along a monolithic concrete pour to accommodate settling and shifting of the ground 120 below at a later time. Divider bracket 700 may include a gutter panel grip 702 configured for resting on top of a gutter face panel 402 (FIG. 4). Divider bracket 700 may further include a gutter member 704 extending substantially horizontally from the gutter panel grip 702. Divider bracket 700 may further include a curb face member 706 extending substantially vertically up from the gutter member 704. Divider bracket 700 may further include a curb top member 708 extending substantially horizontally from the curb face member 706. Divider bracket 700 may further include a curb back panel grip 710 disposed at an end of the curb top member 708 and configured for resting on a top edge of a curb back panel 406.

According to another embodiment of the divider bracket 700, the gutter member 704 may further include a curb face panel tab 712 extending substantially vertically from the gutter member 704 and substantially parallel to the curb face member 706, the curb face panel tab 712 configured for receiving a bottom corner of a gutter face panel 402. According to another embodiment, the gutter member 704 may further include a gutter panel tab 714 extending substantially vertically from the gutter member 704 near the gutter panel grip 702.

According to another embodiment of the divider bracket 700, the curb face panel tab 712 may further include a finger hole 716 for use in removing the divider bracket 700 after the concrete has set. The curb face panel tab 712 may include a leveling surface 718 for configuring a slope of a gutter 204, according to another embodiment. In still another embodiment of the divider bracket 700, the gutter panel tab 714 may further include a finger hole 716 for use in removing the divider bracket 700 after the concrete has set. The gutter panel tab 714 may further include a leveling surface 718 for configuring a slope of a gutter 204.

According to another embodiment of the divider bracket 700, the curb face member 706 further includes a curb face panel support edge 726 configured to rest against a side of a curb face panel 404. According to another embodiment of the divider bracket 700, the curb face panel support edge 726 may be set at a preselected angle, α, relative to vertical. The preselected angle, α, may be in a range from 0° to about 20°. In a presently preferred embodiment, α is approximately 10°. According to another embodiment of the divider bracket 700, the curb top member 708 further includes a rotationally engaged 724 hook 720 near the curb face member 706 configured to rest upon and hold a top edge of the curb face panel 404. According to another embodiment of the divider bracket 700, the curb top member 708 further includes a curb top tab 722 extending substantially vertically from the curb top member 708 with a finger hole 716. The finger holes in tabs 712, 714 and 722 all serve the purpose of a gripping point on the divider bracket 700 for use during removal after the concrete has set.

The leveling surfaces 718 on the curb face panel tab 712 and the gutter panel tab 714 may be used to balance a level 900 as shown in FIG. 9. FIG. 9 is a photographic image of a straight portion 400B of system 400 showing how a level 900 may be used to configure the slope of a gutter 204, i.e., catch, spill or horizontal. FIG. 9 also illustrates a gutter face panel 402, a curb face panel 404 and curb back panel 406 as supported by divider bracket 700. The leveling surfaces 718 are configured to be parallel to gutter member 704.

While the foregoing advantages of the present invention are manifested in the illustrated embodiments of the invention, a variety of changes can be made to the configuration, design and construction of the invention to achieve those advantages. Hence, reference herein to specific details of the structure and function of the present invention is by way of example only and not by way of limitation.