Title:
Air-Conditioning System Provided With a Heat Pump
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The invention relates to an air-conditioning system (1), in particular a motor vehicle air-conditioning system (1) comprising a coolant circuit (2) provided with a coolant compressor (3) and a gas cooler (4), an internal heat exchanger (5), an expansion unit (7) and an evaporator (8) Said invention is characterised in that a device for turning back the coolant flow direction is provided for the heal pump operation and means for switching off the internal heat exchanger (5) when the flow direction is reversed is also provided.



Inventors:
Baruschke, Wilhelm (Wangen, DE)
Britsch-laudwein, Armin (Renningen, DE)
Britsch-laudwein, Marion (Renningen, DE)
Lochmahr, Karl (Vaihingen, DE)
Application Number:
10/574544
Publication Date:
11/29/2007
Filing Date:
09/13/2004
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F25B13/00; B60H1/00; F25B9/00; F25B40/00; F25B30/02
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
TAPOLCAI, WILLIAM E
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
FOLEY & LARDNER LLP (WASHINGTON, DC, US)
Claims:
1. An air conditioning system, in particular a motor vehicle air conditioning system, having a circuit through which refrigerant flows and in which are arranged a refrigerant compressor and a first heat exchanger, an inner heat exchanger, an expansion element and a second heat exchanger, the first heat exchanger serving as a gas cooler in AC operation and the second heat exchanger serving as an evaporator in AC operation, wherein a device for reversing the flow direction of the refrigerant is provided for heat pump operation, and means are provided which deactivate the inner heat exchanger while the flow direction is reversed.

2. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the means which deactivate the inner heat exchanger while the flow direction is reversed preferably comprise two non-return valves.

3. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the device for reversing the flow direction of the refrigerant comprises a cross-over circuit of the back pressure and high pressure connections on or in the refrigerant compressor.

4. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the non-return valves are provided on or in the inner heat exchanger.

5. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the refrigerant compressor can be operated in two directions or a correspondingly acting configuration of lines and valves is provided.

6. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein an expansion element having antiparallel bypasses is provided in the circuit.

7. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the heat exchanger which serves as an evaporator in AC operation functions as a heater in heat pump operation.

8. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein CO2 is used as the refrigerant.

9. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein a compressor regulator valve and a device for switching the refrigerant flow direction are electrically controlled.

10. The air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the stroke volume of the refrigerant compressor is adjustable.

11. A method for operating an air conditioning system as claimed in claim 1, the refrigerant flowing through the circuit counter to the normal flow direction, and the inner heat exchanger being bypassed, during heat pump operation.

Description:

The invention relates to an air conditioning system, in particular for a motor vehicle, according to the preamble of claim 1.

An air conditioning system of such type is known from DE 36 35 353, in which the air conditioning system can also be operated as a heat pump, the energy which needs to be fed to the refrigeration circuit originating from the energy losses of the motor vehicle, that is to say from the hot coolant heat energy which is otherwise discharged, without being utilized, to atmosphere, via the radiator of the motor vehicle. For this purpose, a heat exchanger is provided which, during heating operation of the air conditioning system, serves as an evaporator for the refrigerant, the energy for evaporation of the refrigerant being taken from the hot engine refrigerant, so that the coolant is evaporated through utilization of the coolant energy.

An air conditioning system of such type can however be improved.

It is an object of the invention to provide an improved air conditioning system.

This object is achieved by means of an air conditioning system having the features of claim 1. Advantageous embodiments are the subject matter of the subclaims.

According to the invention, an air conditioning system, in particular a motor vehicle air conditioning system, having a circuit is provided, in which circuit are arranged a refrigerant compressor, a gas cooler, an inner heat exchanger, an expansion element and an evaporator, a device for reversing the flow direction of the refrigerant being provided for heat pump operation, and means being provided which deactivate the inner heat exchanger while the flow direction is reversed. In normal operation, that is to say in AC operation, the refrigerant flows from the gas cooler (first heat exchanger) to the expansion element, and from the evaporator (second heat exchanger) to the refrigerant compressor, are thermally coupled by means of the inner heat exchanger. In heat pump operation, however, the inner heat exchanger is bypassed, so that there is no thermal coupling between the refrigerant flows. The entire arrangement makes possible a simply constituted heat pump without additional components in the refrigerant circuit.

The means which deactivate the inner heat exchanger while the flow direction is reversed preferably comprise two non-return valves which are arranged in corresponding lines provided in parallel with the inner heat exchanger. Here, the non-return valves can also be provided on or in the inner heat exchanger.

The device for reversing the flow direction is preferably formed by means of a suitable means of switching to a cross-over circuit of the back pressure and high pressure connections on or in the refrigerant compressor.

An expansion element having two antiparallel bypasses is preferably provided in the circuit. This is preferably an orifice expansion element having two flow-direction-dependent antiparallel bypasses.

The evaporator assumes the heating function during heat pump operation.

CO2 is preferably used as the refrigerant. Other refrigerants are however also possible.

A compressor regulator valve and a device for switching the refrigerant flow direction are preferably electrically controlled.

An adjustable stroke volume of the refrigerant compressor for controlling the refrigeration power, (AC operation) and the heating power of the heat pump is particularly advantageous.

The invention is described in de tail in the following on the basis of an exemplary embodiment and with reference to the drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 shows a schematic illustration of an air conditioning system according to the invention in AC operation, only those components relevant to this operating state being illustrated, and

FIG. 2 shows a schematic illustration of the air conditioning system from FIG. 1 in heat pump operation.

An air conditioning system 1 has a circuit 2 having a refrigerant compressor 3, a first heat exchanger 4 which is connected downstream of said refrigerant -compressor 3 and serves as a gas cooler in AC operation, an inner heat exchanger 5, an expansion element 7 having two antiparallel bypasses, and a second heat exchanger 8 which serves as an evaporator in AC operation.

Refrigerant flows clockwise through the circuit 2 in AC operation, as illustrated in FIG. 1. In the inner heat exchanger 5, heat is exchanged here between refrigerant coming from the first heat exchanger 4 and refrigerant coming from the second heat exchanger 8.

If there is a change in mode to heat pump operation by means of a cross-over circuit of the back pressure and high pressure connections on or in the refrigerant compressor 3, the inner heat exchanger 4 is deactivated on account of non-return valves 9 arranged in corresponding lines. On account of the reversed throughflow direction, as illustrated in FIG. 2, flows passes through the circuit 2 counter-clockwise. Here, the first heat exchanger 4 assumes the function of an evaporator and the second heat exchanger 8 acts as an additional heater.

The expansion element 7 embodied by means of two antiparallel bypasses can be used without external control measures in both operating modes, that is to say in AC operation and in heat pump operation.

LIST OF REFERENCE DESIGNATIONS

  • 1 Air conditioning system
  • 2 Circuit
  • 3 Refrigerant compressor
  • 4 First heat exchanger
  • 5 Inner heat exchanger
  • 7 Expansion element
  • 8 Second heat exchanger
  • 0 Non-return valve

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