Title:
Method and apparatus for mounting telescopic sights on firearms
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A method and apparatus for attaching a telescopic scope to a variety of rifles, without requiring the rifle to be modified by drilling or the need to purchase multiple scope mounts, comprised of front and rear mounting assemblies having a mounting plate and a corresponding scope attachment ring. The bases comprise a planar mounting surface embodying a radial recess down the center along with at least one pair of mounting holes and at least one pair of mounting slots for attachment to rifles having different screw patterns and mounting surfaces. The mounting rings are received and attached within longitudinal channels along the mounting bases and the scope subsequently clamped in place by the upper and lower attachment rings, providing for the removal and subsequent attachment of the scope and attachment rings without loosing the scope's previously zeroed calibration.



Inventors:
Stover, Gerald E. (Lapeer, MI, US)
Application Number:
11/437946
Publication Date:
11/22/2007
Filing Date:
05/19/2006
Assignee:
Williams Gun Sight Company, Inc.
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F41G1/38
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
CLEMENT, MICHELLE RENEE
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HARNESS DICKEY (TROY) (Troy, MI, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. In combination with a telescopic sight adapted to be removably mounted upon each of a plurality of rifle style firearms, the telescopic sight have a pair of mounting assemblies, each of which comprises an upper ring-shaped sight engagement portion and a pair of downwardly projecting spaced apart mounting arms having inwardly projecting mounting portions thereon; each of the firearms having a receiver portion provided with an upwardly facing sight mounting surface provided with two pair of longitudinally spaced apart internally tapped upwardly facing bores, the tapped bores of each pair thereof on each of the firearm receivers being spaced a different longitudinal distance apart from the pairs of bores on the other of the firearm receivers, the improvement comprising: a universal telescopic sight mounting system, comprising a pair of longitudinally spaced apart mounting plates associated one with each of the sight mounting assemblies of the telescopic sight; each of said mounting plates being provided with at least one pair of vertically disposed through-bores, longitudinally spaced from at least one pair of slotted through bores, the longitudinal spacing between each pair of through-bores being proximal to the longitudinal spacing between the pairs of tapped bores of one of the firearm receivers; a first fastening means comprising two pairs of threaded fasteners, one of said pairs being associated with one of said adapter plates and the other said pairs being associated with the other of said adapter plates, whereby said adapter plates are adapted to be surmounted on said mounting surface of any of the firearms with one of the at least one pair of bores in each of the adapter plates being aligned with the a corresponding first spaced pair of tapped bores in the associated firearm receiver, and be secured to the receiver by threaded fasteners, and one of the at least one pair of slotted through bores in each of the adapter plates being aligned with the a corresponding second spaced pair of tapped bores in the associated firearm receiver, and be secured to the receiver by said threaded fasteners, each of said adapter plates removably receiving the inwardly projecting mounting portions of one of said sight mounting assemblies, and second fastening means extending laterally through said mounting portions and said adapter plate for fixedly securing said assembles and hence the telescopic sight to the associated of said mounting plates, wherein when said telescopic sight in combination with said upper ring-shaped sight engagement portion and said downwardly projecting spaced apart mounting arms is removed from said adapter plates and subsequently replaced, the calibration of said telescopic sight is unchanged from prior attachment.

2. In combination with a telescopic sight adapted to be removably mounted upon each of a plurality of rifle style firearms, the telescopic sight have a pair of mounting assemblies, each of which comprises an upper ring-shaped sight engagement portion and a pair of downwardly projecting spaced apart mounting arms having inwardly projecting mounting portions thereon; each of the firearms having a receiver portion provided with an upwardly facing sight mounting surface provided with two pair of longitudinally spaced apart internally tapped upwardly facing bores, the tapped bores of each pair thereof on each of the firearm receivers being spaced a different longitudinal distance apart from the pairs of bores on the other of the firearm receivers, the improvement comprising, a universal telescopic sight mounting system, comprising a pair of longitudinally spaced apart mounting plates associated one with each of the sight mounting assemblies of the telescopic sight; each of said mounting plates being provided with at least one pair of vertically disposed through-bores, longitudinally spaced from at least one pair of slotted through bores, the longitudinal spacing between each pair of through-bores being proximal to the longitudinal spacing between the pairs of tapped bores of one of the firearm receivers; a first fastening means comprising two pairs of threaded fasteners, one of said pairs being associated with one of said adapter plates and the other said pairs being associated with the other of said adapter plates, whereby said adapter plates are adapted to be surmounted on said mounting surface of any of the firearms with one of the at least one pair of bores in each of the adapter plates being aligned with the a corresponding first spaced pair of tapped bores in the associated firearm receiver, and be secured to the receiver by threaded fasteners, and one of the at least one pair of slotted through bores in each of the adapter plates being aligned with the a corresponding second spaced pair of tapped bores in the associated firearm receiver, and be secured to the receiver by said threaded fasteners each of said adapter plates being formed with a pair of longitudinally extending grooves along the longitudinal sides thereof, said grooves removably receiving the inwardly projecting mounting portions of one of said sight mounting assemblies, and second fastening means extending laterally through said mounting portions and said adapter plate for fixedly securing said assembles and hence the telescopic sight to the associated of said mounting plates, wherein when said telescopic sight in combination with said upper ring-shaped sight engagement portion and said downwardly projecting spaced apart mounting arms is removed from said adapter plates and subsequently replaced, the calibration of said telescopic sight is unchanged from prior attachment.

3. The invention as set forth in claim 2 wherein each of said adapter plates is formed with two pairs of spaced apart bores which are arranged so as to provide at least four differently spaced apart bore sets.

4. In combination with a telescopic sight adapted to be removably mounted upon each of a plurality of rifle style firearms, the telescopic sight have a pair of mounting assemblies, each of which comprises an upper ring-shaped sight engagement portion and a pair of downwardly projecting spaced apart mounting arms having inwardly projecting mounting portions thereon; each of the firearms having a receiver portion provided with an upwardly facing sight mounting surface provided with two pair of longitudinally spaced apart internally tapped upwardly facing bores, the tapped bores of each pair thereof on each of the firearm receivers being spaced a different longitudinal distance apart from the pairs of bores on the other of the firearm receivers, the improvement comprising, a universal telescopic sight mounting system, comprising a pair of longitudinally spaced apart mounting plates associated one with each of the sight mounting assemblies of the telescopic sight; each of said mounting plates being provided with three pairs of longitudinally spaced vertically disposed through-bores, the longitudinal spacing between each pair of through-bores being equal to the longitudinal spacing between the pairs of tapped bores of one of the firearm receivers; a first fastening means comprising two pairs of threaded fasteners, one of said pairs being associated with one of said adapter plates and the other said pairs being associated with the other of said adapter plates, whereby said adapter plates are adapted to be surmounted on said mounting surface of any of the firearms with one of the pairs of bores in each of the adapter plates being aligned with the corresponding spaced pair of tapped bores in the associated firearm receiver, and be secured to the receiver by one of the pairs of threaded fasteners, each of said adapter plates being formed with a pair of longitudinally extending grooves along the longitudinal sides thereof, said grooves removably receiving the inwardly projecting mounting portions of one of said sight mounting assemblies, and second fastening means extending laterally through said mounting portions and said adapter plate for fixedly securing said assembles and hence the telescopic sight to the associated of said mounting plates, wherein at least one of the firearms has a cylindrical upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion and at least one of the firearms has a relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion, and wherein each of the adapter plates is formed with a shallow concave surface on the underside thereof which is adapted to nestingly receive the sight mounting surface of each of said receivers, wherein when said telescopic sight in combination with said upper ring-shaped sight engagement portion and said downwardly projecting spaced apart mounting arms is removed from said adapter plates and subsequently replaced, the calibration of said telescopic sight is unchanged from prior attachment.

5. The invention as set forth in claim 1, wherein at least one of the firearms has a cylindrical upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion and at least one of the firearms has a relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion, and wherein each of the adapter plates is configured with a shallow concave surface on the underside thereof, formed between two adjacent flat surfaces, said shallow concave surface adapted to nestingly receive the sight mounting surface of each of said firearms having a cylindrical upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion; said flat surfaces of said adapter plates formed to receive the sight mounting surface of each of said firearms having said relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion.

6. The invention as set forth in claim 2, wherein at least one of the firearms has a cylindrical upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion and at least one of the firearms has a relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion, and wherein each of the adapter plates is configured with a shallow concave surface on the underside thereof, formed between two adjacent flat surfaces, said shallow concave surface adapted to nestingly receive the sight mounting surface of each of said firearms having a cylindrical upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion; said flat surfaces of said adapter plates formed to receive the sight mounting surface of each of said firearms having said relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion.

7. The invention as set forth in claim 5, wherein each of said adapter plates is configured with two flat surfaces on either side of said shallow concave surface; said flat surfaces of said adapter plates formed to receive the sight mounting surface of each of said at least one firearm having said relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion.

8. The invention as set forth in claim 6, wherein at least one of the firearms has a cylindrical upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion and at least one of the firearms has a relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on its receiver portion, and wherein each of the adapter plates is configured with a shallow concave surface on the underside thereof, formed between two adjacent flat surfaces, said shallow concave surface adapted to nestingly receive the sight mounting surface of each of said firearms having a cylindrical upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion; said flat surfaces of said adapter plates formed to receive the sight mounting surface of each of said firearms having said relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion.

9. The invention as set forth in claim 8, wherein each of said adapter plates is configured with two flat surfaces on either side of said shallow concave surface; said flat surfaces of said adapter plates formed to receive the sight mounting surface of each of said at least one firearm having said relatively flat upper sight mounting surface on their receiver portion.

Description:

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a scope mount used on various rifles. More specifically, this invention relates to a scope mount that can be universally mounted on a variety of different rifles from different manufacturers without modifying the firearms.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Since the first field scopes that were attached to a hunter's rifle used to enhance a hunter's ability to fire a more direct shot at their desired target, there have been many different methods of securing the instrument to the firearm. Not only must a mount for a scope provide a secure attachment to the gun, it must be able to maintain the scope's alignment after successive shots have been fired. A significant problem that arises, which the present invention overcomes, is that gun manufacturers use a variety of different mounting patterns for scopes on the top of their guns and rifles. In order to achieve the secure attachment necessary for a scope, individualized mounts have been required for the various manufacturers of guns or rifles on the market.

This becomes a large inconvenience for hunters that prefer to use a single scope on several different rifles. In order for them to change rifles to accommodate a single scope, they would have to remove the scope from the mount of one rifle and attach it to a separate mount for the second rifle. Accordingly, if the hunter were to remove the scope from the mount and attach it to the mount of the second rifle, he would have to realign the reticles of the scope with respect to the mount as well as adjust the eye relief distance of the scope and zero it before use. Eye relief relates to the distance between the shooter's eye and the end of the scope through which the shooter seeks his target. This process takes skill and time, notwithstanding the need for the hunter to purchase a separate scope mount for each individual gun. This problem is overcome in the present invention by allowing the user to mount a single scope to a large variety of rifles without requiring the scope to be switched from one mount to another.

There have been earlier universal-type scope mounts disclosed, but the differences and advantages of the present invention will become clear in the description provided hereinafter. U.S. Pat. No. 4,873,779 by inventors Ellison et al. teaches of a scope mount base for a black powder rifle that uses multiple holes for attachment to different rifles. The invention discloses a single rear mounting hole and dual forward mounting holes to adapt to two separate mounting patterns on two separate rifles. The advantage of the present invention over Ellison is quite clear in that not only does the present invention use multiple holes of varying diameter for mounting the scope to a greater variety of rifles, but also embodies a mounting base with both planar and radial surfaces, allowing even greater versatility as far as the number of rifles upon which the scope may be mounted. As a result of the aforesaid shortcomings of prior art scope mounts, the need arose for a single sight mount that can securely attach a scope to a variety of different rifles without having to modify the mount or the rifle prior to attachment.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to provide a scope mount for a firearm that may be used with a variety of rifle models.

A more specific object of the present invention is to provide a universal scope mount which is attachable to a plurality of rifles with tapped holes that are factory-formed without having to drill additional holes in the mounting surface of the rifle.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a universal scope mount for rifles that utilizes a plate embodying multiple sets of mounting holes of specific diameters including slotted holes to adapt to a variety of different hole patterns that are factory-formed within the different rifles.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a universal scope mount utilizing a plate that can attach a scope to a rifle embodying either a flat mounting surface or a round mounting surface upon the rifle.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a universal scope mount that allows the utilization of a scope and mount from one rifle to be directly mounted on a second rifle having a different mounting pattern.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a universal scope mount which allows a user to transfer a single scope between multiple rifles with little effort or time.

Another object of the present invention is to provide for a universal scope mount which is uncomplicated in construction and easy to manufacture.

Finally, it is an object of the present invention to provide for a universal scope mount which provides for the return of the scope to zero degrees without calibration each time the scope is removed and remounted to the scope mount.

The foregoing objects are accomplished in the preferred embodiment of the invention by a rifle scope mount that can universally mount a scope to a plurality of different rifle models, comprising a front and rear mounting plate and corresponding front and rear scope attachment rings. The front and rear mounting plate are rectangular in shape and comprise a generally I-beam cross-section. Each mounting plate may be of varying length, but comprises at least one pair of congruent mounting holes of at least two different diameters, as well as a slotted mounting hole, allowing the attachment of the mounting plate to a variety of rifles by using a specific pair of holes in the mounting plate that correlate to the specific hole patterns that are factory-formed within the different rifles. Alternatively, a single mounting hole may be combined with a slotted hole for further applicability. Each mounting plate also comprises a plurality of horizontal holes interspaced between the mounting holes for selectively fastening the attachment rings holding the scope to the plate.

The front and rear attachment rings, which are also identical, each comprise an upper and lower portion. The lower portion embodies a generally C-shaped, downward facing ring comprising two mounting arms for attachment to the mounting plate and an upward facing semi-circular portion upon which the cylindrical body of a scope rests. The upward extending arms of the semi-circular element terminate in generally outward projecting flanges with one or more pre-tapped mounting holes therethrough for fastening to congruent flanges of the upper portion of the attachment rings, securing the scope body to the attachment rings.

Further areas of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description provided hereinafter. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the preferred embodiment of the invention, are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the universal gun scope mount of the present invention as attached to a scope sight and mounted to a rifle;

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the universal gun scope mount of the present invention, showing the various components used to attach a sight to a rifle;

FIG. 3 is a larger, perspective view of one of the mounting bases of the present invention, enabling the universal scope mount to be attached to a variety of rifles;

FIG. 4 is a larger, perspective view of an alternative embodiment for the mounting bases of the present invention, enabling the universal scope mount to be attached to a variety of rifles; and

FIG. 5 is an end view of one of the scope mounting rings of the present invention as attached to one of the mounting bases.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The following description of the preferred embodiment(s) is merely exemplary in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses.

Referring to the drawings, and particularly FIG. 1, there is shown therein the universal scope mount 10 of the present invention as attached to a scope 12 and mounted to a rifle 14. FIG. 2 further shows an exploded view of universal scope mount 10 of the present invention. Universal scope mount 10 is generally comprised of two mounting assemblies, one set to secure the front of scope 12 to rifle 14 and one to secure the rear. Both the front and the rear mounting assemblies are comprised of three main elements: a mounting plate 20, a lower mounting ring 30, and an upper mounting ring 60. FIG. 2 further shows the mounting hardware 50 used to attach mounting plate 20 to the barrel of rifle 14 having a radial mounting surface 15. Also shown is the hardware 52 used for attaching lower mounting ring 30 to mounting plate 20 and the hardware 54 for attaching the upper mounting ring 40 to lower mounting ring 30, thereby securing scope 12 in between lower mounting ring 30 and upper mounting ring 40 of both the front and rear sets of the present invention.

Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, mounting plate 20 of both the front and rear mounting assemblies is comprised of a generally rectangular shape having a first top surface 21, a bottom surface 23, and two side surfaces 25. Bottom surface 23 of both the front and rear mounting plate 20 further embodies a shallow radius 24 running the length of bottom surface 23. Radius 24 enables mounting plate 20 to be securely mounted to rifles 14 having a planar mounting surface or a radial surface as shown in FIG. 2, increasing the mount's versatility to a wider variety of applications. Each of the front and rear mounting plates 20 further embody a channel 28 on both side surfaces 25 running the length of mounting plate 20. This channel 28 receives lower mounting ring 30 for attachment thereto.

Front and rear mounting plate 20 further comprise a plurality of holes 26 vertically through mounting plate 20, with at least one pair of holes 26a having a varying diameter than the others. Holes 26 and 26a are used in pairs and more specifically are the ones to be used in any given application to receive mounting hardware 50 depending on the specific rifle 14 to which mounting plates 20 are to be attached. Embodying multiple holes 26 and 26a allows mounting plate 20 of scope mount 10 to be attached to a variety of rifles 14 without the need to drill additional holes in rifle 14. Slotted mounting holes 27 are further incorporated in mounting plate 20, allowing for greater universal application of the scope mount to a variety of rifles having varying scope mounting hole spacing.

Interspaced between vertical mounting holes 26, 26a, and 27, mounting plate 20 comprises at least one pair of horizontal holes 29 through mounting plate 20 positioned in the center of channel 28 a predetermined distance apart from each other. Horizontal attachment holes 29 receive mounting hardware 52 for attaching lower mounting ring 30 to mounting plate 20 of both the front and rear sets of mounting assemblies.

As shown in FIG. 4, an alternative embodiment for the mounting plate is shown having slotted mounting holes 27 in combination with standard vertical mounting holes and separated by a partial bottle neck, illustrating further versatility in the design and application of the present invention.

FIG. 5, in combination with FIGS. 2, 3, and 4, shows lower mounting ring 30 and upper mounting ring 60 are shown attached together and mounted on mounting plate 20. Specifically, FIG. 2 shows both lower mounting ring 30 and upper mounting ring 60 unattached to mounting base 20 as opposed to FIG. 5 illustrating them assembled. Each of the single element, lower mounting rings 30 is comprised of a generally C-shaped, downward facing portion 32 with two opposing mounting arms 34 and 35 for attachment to the mounting plate 20 and an upward facing semi-circular portion 36 with two upward extending arms 38 and 40 upon which the cylindrical body of scope 12 rests. Downward facing mounting arms 34 and 35 each have an inward flange 37 that engages with channels 28 of mounting plate located along side surfaces 25 of mounting plate 20 for attachment thereto.

One of downward facing mounting arms 34 of mounting rings 30 embodies a through-bore 39 through mounting arm 34 and inward flange 37. Opposing mounting arm 35 has a complementary, threaded through-bore in which mounting hardware 52 is received after being inserted through bore 39 and hole 29 of mounting plate 20 for attachment of lower mounting rings 30 to mounting plate 20.

Upward extending arms 38 and 40 of both front and rear lower mounting rings 30 terminate in generally outward projecting flanges 42 with one or more pre-tapped mounting holes 44 shown in FIG. 2 therethrough for receiving mounting hardware 54 fastening upper mounting ring 60 to lower mounting ring 30. Upper mounting ring 60 is generally C-shaped and comprises outward projecting flanges 62 congruent to flanges 42 of upper portion 36 of lower mounting rings 30. Both outward projecting flanges 62 have one or more through-bores 64 complementary to mounting holes 44 of flanges 42 located on lower mounting ring 30.

When attaching scope 12 to rifle 14, scope 12 body is positioned between upward extending arms 38 and 40 of front and rear lower mounting rings 30. Once scope 12 is in the desired position, upper mounting rings 60 are placed over the body of scope 12 directly above lower mounting rings 30 so that flanges 62 of upper mounting rings 60 align with flanges 42 of lower mounting rings 30. Upper mounting rings 60 and lower mounting rings 30 are then attached together with mounting hardware 54, thereby clamping scope 12 in place.

The combination of channels 28 located along mounting plate 20 with complementary flange 37 of mounting arms 34, 35 with screw 52 allows for the removal and subsequent replacement of scope 12 and mounting rings 30 without having to readjust the calibration of the scope to zero.

The description of the invention is merely exemplary in nature and, thus, variations that do not depart from the gist of the invention are intended to be within the scope of the invention. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention.