Title:
Panel with Pre-Placed Tiles for Laying Floors
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A panel (1) for laying floors, characterized in that it includes two or more tiles (M) and a membrane provided with engagement projections on both its faces to which said tiles are secured beforehand in the correct position for their lying.



Inventors:
Raineri, Gabriele (Randazzo, IT)
Application Number:
10/591239
Publication Date:
10/25/2007
Filing Date:
03/03/2005
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E04F15/02
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
FERENCE, JAMES M
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NIXON & VANDERHYE, PC (ARLINGTON, VA, US)
Claims:
1. A panel (1) for laying floors, characterized in that it includes two or more tiles (M) and a membrane provided with engagement projections on both its faces to which said tiles (M) are secured beforehand in the correct position for their lying.

2. The panel (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that in order to allow floor to be quickly removed in case of replacement said membrane to which tiles (M) are secured is a Greek fret membrane (2) which is able to be fitted in a removable manner with a further membrane (3) having such a shape as to conform with the shape of the former membrane.

3. The panel (1) according to claim 2, characterized in that said further membrane (3) is secured to a block on which the floor is laid.

4. The panel (1) according to claim 2, characterized in that tiles (M) are laid in a plane and are properly spaced from one another.

5. The panel (1) according to claim 4, characterized in that tiles (M) are secured to removable membrane (2) by silicone or hot-melt glue or the like.

6. The panel (1) according to claim 5, characterized in that the glue for sticking tiles is spread on at least three points of each tile (M).

7. The panel (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that in order to complete the lying of the floor, tiles (M) are definitively secured to the membrane of panel (1) by casting a very fluid cement mixture thereon which enters the gaps between tiles (M) filling the room between the latter and said membrane and the gaps between tiles (M).

8. The panel (1) according to claim 2, characterized in that in case the further membrane (3) is not already secured to the block, it is fitted with removable membrane (2) of panel (1), thus obtaining that the laying of floor is easily carried out by gluing panels (1) directly to the block.

9. (cancel)

10. The panel (1) according to claim 3, characterized in that in case the further membrane (3) is not already secured to the block, it is fitted with removable membrane (2) of panel (1), thus obtaining that the laying of floor is easily carried out by gluing panels (1) directly to the block.

11. The panel (1) according to claim 4, characterized in that in case the further membrane (3) is not already secured to the block, it is fitted with removable membrane (2) of panel (1), thus obtaining that the laying of floor is easily carried out by gluing panels (1) directly to the block.

12. The panel (1) according to claim 5, characterized in that in case the further membrane (3) is not already secured to the block, it is fitted with removable membrane (2) of panel (1), thus obtaining that the laying of floor is easily carried out by gluing panels (1) directly to the block.

13. The panel (1) according to claim 6, characterized in that in case the further membrane (3) is not already secured to the block, it is fitted with removable membrane (2) of panel (1), thus obtaining that the laying of floor is easily carried out by gluing panels (1) directly to the block.

Description:

The present invention relates to building industry, and particularly the laying of floors by using panels consisting of two or more tiles which are glued beforehand to a Greek fret membrane to allow the floor to be laid quickly and easily.

Each panel essentially includes aligned, spaced tiles secured to a Greek fret membrane having such a shape as to conform with the shape of another membrane secured to the block and to fit with the latter in a removable manner.

Methods for laying floors in the name of the same Applicant are already known. They use a couple of membranes of plastic material, one of which is secured to the block and the second, to which the tiles are glued, is able to be fitted with the former in a removable manner.

Although such known laying methods allow floors to be removed quickly, it should be appreciated that the next new laying of a floor requires necessarily that a new removable membrane is applied onto the stationary membrane secured to the block whereupon tiles can be laid thereon. Of course, such operations are time consuming and expensive as well.

The main object of the present invention is to overcome such problems by providing a panel provided with pre-laid tiles and able to be fitted with the membrane secured to the block so as to allow the floor to be laid easily, quickly and properly.

This has been accomplished according to the present finding by providing a panel including tiles and a portion of Greek fret membrane on which the tiles are properly positioned for the next laying, i.e. in coplanar, already spaced positions, and are glued to the Greek fret membrane which is able to be fitted in a removable manner with the membrane secured to the block.

These and other objects will be better understood from the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings that show only by way of example a preferred embodiment in which the panel includes four tiles.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional top view showing a portion of floor together with a panel of tiles;

FIG. 2 is a three-dimensional top view of a panel of tiles;

FIG. 3 shows a side view of the finding.

In the embodiment disclosed, with particular reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, the floor consists of a succession of panels 1 located beside one another, with each panel 1 being formed of four aligned, coplanar tiles M and a removable membrane 2 to which tiles M are glued. According to the finding, such removable membrane 2 is able to be fitted with a stationary membrane 3 secured to the block and having a shape which conforms with the shape of the former membrane.

Dove-tail shaped notches and projections of removable membrane 2, to which tiles M are glued, are essentially able to fit projections and notches of stationary membrane 3 secured to block, respectively. Thus, Greek fret membranes merely fit mechanically just due to the resilient (preferably plastic) material which they consist of.

Each tile M of a panel 1 is secured to the corresponding removable membrane 2 by (silicone, hot-melt, etc.) glue which is spread on at least three points of the tile.

According to a peculiar feature of the invention, gaps are present between tiles M of panel 1 the width of which is equal to the distance of tiles M from removable membrane 2 to which the tiles are secured.

To complete the lying of the floor, after having laid all panels 1, tiles M are definitively secured to removable membrane 2 by a suitably fluid cement mixture of the known type which is cast on the laid panels 1 and enters the gaps between tiles M filling the room between removable membrane 2 and tiles M and gaps as well.

The final result is a perfectly laid floor (FIG. 3) with proper gaps between tiles that can be quickly dismantled.

In a variation of the finding particularly useful when the stationary membrane 3 on the block is missing, such membrane 3 is already fitted with the removable membrane 2 of panel 1 so that in order to lay the floor it is only sufficient that such panel 1 is directly glued to the block.

Advantageously, tiles M are laid beforehand in factory on panel 1 with the suitable gaps and with high precision and do not need any particular measure during their laying.

Another advantage is that, as already mentioned, the fastening of the removable membrane 2 to the stationary membrane 3 is exclusively of mechanical type so that a considerable reduction in the noise through the floor is achieved.

A further advantage is that it is not necessary to spread glue on tiles M of the removable membrane 2. In fact, as already mentioned, after having laid all panels 1 onto the block of the floor, the final anchoring of tiles M is carried out by using a very fluid cement mixture.

At last, still another advantage is given by that the cleaning of the floor is speeded up if tiles M are covered beforehand by a transparent film of plastic material. After the removal of the film, a perfectly cleaned floor with suitable gaps is provided in very short time.

It should be appreciated that in any case the gluing of panel 1 of the first embodiment (i.e. provided only with removable membrane 2) directly onto a block without stationary membrane 3 provides the advantage of a quick, easy laying of the floor, even if the latter cannot be dismantled quickly.

In the latter case, the membrane to which tiles M are secured can have the shape of a Greek fret or be provided with engagement projections at the lower and upper surfaces.

The present invention has been described and illustrated according to a preferred embodiment thereof, however, it is self-evident that those skilled in the art can make technically equivalent modifications and/or replacements without departing from the scope of the present industrial invention.