Title:
Mask for exposure
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
In one embodiment, the present invention provides a process for manufacturing a multilayer flexible wiring board, which allows individual layers of wiring boards to be precisely positioned and to be readily stacked. A mask for exposure is prepared in which a plurality of pattern holes corresponding to individual layers of wiring boards of a multilayer flexible wiring board are arranged in the direction perpendicular to the transporting direction P of substrate. This mask for exposure is used to form a plurality of wiring patterns corresponding to individual layers of wiring boards of a multilayer flexible wiring board on the same sheet-like substrate.



Inventors:
Kaneda, Yutaka (Tochigi, JP)
Application Number:
11/728382
Publication Date:
07/26/2007
Filing Date:
03/26/2007
Assignee:
Sony Chemical & Information Device Corporation (Tokyo, JP)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
H05K1/00; H05K3/00; H05K3/46; H05K3/06
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:
20030000730Reliable connecting cableJanuary, 2003Kwok et al.
20080296040ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE BUOYANT CABLEDecember, 2008Hui
20090260834Intervention RodOctober, 2009Henson et al.
20090084574POLY(ARYLENE ETHER) COMPOSITION AND ITS USE IN THE FABRICATION OF EXTRUDED ARTICLES AND COATED WIREApril, 2009Balfour et al.
20100071934Grommet Installation Tools and MethodsMarch, 2010Carter
20070095557FLAT CABLE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THE SAMEMay, 2007Wang
20090308633LONGITUDINAL SHIELD TAPE WRAP APPLICATOR WITH EDGE FOLDER TO ENCLOSE DRAIN WIREDecember, 2009Dion et al.
20090090551Modular multi-channel snake connectorApril, 2009Cunningham et al.
20090025954Switchgear CabinetJanuary, 2009Stock et al.
20090025959EDM WIREJanuary, 2009Tomalin
20020046875Insulation of stator windings with shrink-on sleevesApril, 2002Baumann et al.



Primary Examiner:
LAM, CATHY FONG FONG
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
OSHA BERGMAN WATANABE & BURTON LLP (HOUSTON, TX, US)
Claims:
1. 1-10. (canceled)

11. A mask for exposure used in a photoetching process, comprising: a sheet-like mask body; and a plurality of pattern holes formed in the mask body, wherein a group of pattern holes corresponding to wiring patterns of individual layers of a multilayer flexible wiring board are directly arranged in width direction of the mask body, and a plurality of the groups of the pattern holes corresponding to wiring patterns of the individual layers of multilayer flexible wiring boards are arranged in a direction perpendicular to the width direction of the mask body.

12. The mask of claim 11, wherein the plurality of the groups of the pattern holes corresponding to wiring patterns of the individual layers of the multilayer flexible wiring boards are directly arranged in a direction perpendicular to a transporting direction of a flexible board on which a predetermined wiring pattern is to be formed using the mask.

Description:

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to processes for manufacturing flexible wiring boards made of a polyimide for example. More particularly, the invention relates to a technique of stacking a plurality of layers of flexible wiring boards.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Flexible printed wiring boards comprising a circuit formed of a layer of a conductor such as a copper foil stacked on a flexible insulating film are known in the art.

With recent trends toward smaller electronic components, such flexible wiring boards involve connecting electrodes with finer pitches and an advanced multilayer structure.

This type of multilayer flexible wiring boards have typically been prepared by positioning each layer of wiring board to form a wiring pattern and bonding these layers into a multilayer structure.

With the prior art as described above, dimensional changes may vary between layers of wiring boards due to heat shrinkage during manufacturing processes or other factors, which means difficulty in stacking the wiring boards to electrically connect them.

Further, it is difficult to control dimensional changes in each layer of wiring board by this technique.

A film-like mask for exposure is sometimes used to form a circuit pattern in each layer of wiring board, which may add the influence of the shrinkage of the mask for exposure itself.

What is needed, therefore, is a process for manufacturing a multilayer flexible wiring board, which allows individual layers of wiring boards to be precisely positioned and to be readily stacked.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

In one aspect, the present invention relates to a stock sheet for a flexible wiring board comprising a flexible sheet-like substrate, and a plurality of wiring patterns arranged in a predetermined direction on the substrate and corresponding to patterns on individual layers of wiring boards of a multilayer flexible wiring board.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a stock sheet wherein each wiring pattern is arranged in a direction perpendicular to a transporting direction of the substrate.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a mask for exposure used in a photoetching process, comprising a sheet-like mask body, and a plurality of pattern holes arranged in a predetermined direction in the mask body and corresponding to individual layers of wiring boards of a multilayer flexible wiring board.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a stock sheet wherein each pattern hole is arranged in a direction perpendicular to a transporting direction of the mask body.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a stock sheet wherein each of the pattern holes corresponds to a wiring pattern.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a process for manufacturing a multilayer flexible wiring board comprising the step of using a mask for exposure in which a plurality of pattern holes corresponding to individual layers of wiring boards of a multilayer flexible wiring board are arranged in a predetermined direction in a sheet-like mask body and exposing the mask body to light while it is transported in a predetermined direction.

In another aspect, the present invention relates to a stock sheet wherein each pattern hole is arranged in a direction perpendicular to a transporting direction of the mask body.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1(a) shows a schematic structure of a stock sheet for a flexible wiring board according to an embodiment of the present invention and FIG. 1(b) shows a sectional view along A-A line in FIG. 1(a).

FIG. 2(a)-(g) is a flow chart showing an example of a process for manufacturing a flexible wiring board according to one embodiment of the present invention (part 1).

FIG. 3(a)-(g) is a flow chart showing an example of a process for manufacturing a flexible wiring board according to one embodiment of the present invention (part 2).

FIG. 4(a) shows an example of a mask for exposure used in one embodiment of in the present invention, and FIG. 4(b) shows a sectional view along B-B line in FIG. 4(a).

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

One embodiment of a flexible wiring board in accordance with the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

FIG. 1(a) shows a schematic structure of a stock sheet for a flexible wiring board according to the present embodiment and FIG. 1(b) shows a sectional view along A-A line in FIG. 1(a).

As shown in FIG. 1(a), a stock sheet for a flexible wiring board 1 according to the present embodiment is transported in the direction shown by an arrow and taken up by a roll (not shown), and comprises a long film-like substrate 2 on which a plurality of identical wiring patterns 3 corresponding to a plurality of layers (6 layers in this embodiment) of a multilayer flexible wiring board (not shown) are arranged in the direction (width direction) perpendicular to the transporting direction P of substrate 2.

In the present embodiment, wiring patterns 3 are formed on one side of substrate 2 and overlaid with a cover film 7 except for lands 3a of wiring patterns 3 as shown in FIG. 1(b).

In the present embodiment, a predetermined plural number of wiring patterns 3 corresponding to individual layers of wiring boards are arranged at predetermined intervals in the transporting (longitudinal) direction of substrate 2.

On the other side of substrate 2, bumps 11 are disposed and connected to lands 3a of wiring patterns 3.

FIG. 2(a)-(g) and FIG. 3(a)-(g) are flow charts showing an example of a process for manufacturing a flexible wiring board according to the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 2(a), a polyamic acid 2a is initially applied, in this particular embodiment as a polyamic/solvent solution, in a predetermined thickness, which may be from about 100 μm to about 500 μm in thickness, on a cupper (Cu) foil 4, for example, and heated at a predetermined temperature to give a substrate 2 made of a polyimide as shown in FIG. 2(b). If imidized at a high temperature, a polyimid layer of approximately 8μ to 40 μm will be formed. In a dry condition, in this embodiment, the layer ranges from about 10μ to 50μ in thickness.

Then, a photosensitive resist film (for example, dry film resist SPG152 made by Asahi Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) 5a is applied on the surface of copper foil 4 as shown in FIG. 2(c) and the assembly is exposed to light as shown in FIG. 2(d) through a mask for exposure 6 shown in FIGS. 4(a) and (b).

Here, FIG. 4(a) shows an example of a mask for exposure used in the present invention, and FIG. 4(b) shows a sectional view along B-B line in FIG. 4(a).

As shown in FIGS. 4(a) and (b), the mask for exposure 6 according to the present embodiment comprises a film-like negative mask in which pattern holes 6a corresponding to wiring patterns 3 on individual layers of a multilayer flexible wiring board are arranged in the direction perpendicular to the transporting direction P of substrate 2.

In the present embodiment, a predetermined number of such pattern holes 6a are arranged at predetermined intervals in the transporting direction P of substrate 2.

A latent image is formed on resist film 5a by exposure through such a mask 6 for exposure and developed with a suitable developing solution (for example, sodium carbonate) to form resist patterns 5 as shown in FIG. 2(e).

Then, a suitable etching solution (for example, cupric chloride) is used for etching to remove exposed parts 40 of copper foil 4 as shown in FIGS. 2(e) and (f).

Then, a suitable solution (for example, sodium hydroxide) is used for stripping to remove resist patterns 5 as shown in FIG. 2(g). Thus, desired wiring patterns 3 are formed on substrate 2.

Then, a cover film 7 made of the same material as that of resist film 5a is applied on substrate 2 and wiring patterns 3 as shown in FIG. 3(a).

Then, cover film 7 is exposed and developed as desired with a mask for exposure 8 having light screens 8a corresponding to lands 3a of wiring patterns 3 as shown in FIG. 3(b) to expose lands 3a of wiring patterns 3 as shown in FIG. 3(c).

Then, a photosensitive resist film 10 is applied on the reverse side of substrate 2 as shown in FIG. 3(d) and exposed to light through a film-like mask for exposure 9 having negative pattern holes 9a corresponding to lands 3a.

Then, a suitable developing solution (for example, sodium carbonate) is used for development to form holes 10a in resist film 10 as shown in FIG. 3(e).

A suitable alkaline etching solution (for example, TMAH (tetramethylammonium hydroxide)) is used for etching to form via holes 2a in substrate 2 as shown in FIG. 3(f).

Then, electroplating is performed to fill a solder into each via hole 2a in substrate 2 and form bumps for connection 11 as shown in FIG. 3(g).

Other suitable developing/etching/stripping solutions are known in the art and no limitation on the present invention is intended by reference to specific solutions.

According to the present embodiment, the thickness of substrate 2 or the like scarcely varies between individual layers of wiring boards and dimensional changes in individual layers during manufacturing processes can be homogenized because a plurality of wiring patterns 3 corresponding to individual layers of wiring boards of a multilayer flexible wiring board are arranged on the same substrate 2 as described above.

As a result, the present embodiment allows connecting electrodes on individual layers of wiring boards to be precisely positioned and therefore individual layers of wiring boards to be readily stacked.

According to the present embodiment, the variation in the thickness of substrate 2 or the like with different product lots can be limited because wiring patterns 3 are arranged in the direction perpendicular to the transporting direction P of substrate 2.

Also according to the present embodiment, the structure of the apparatus for manufacturing a multilayer flexible wiring board can be simplified because patterns of wirings on individual layers of wiring boards can be formed with a single mask for exposure 6.

Thus, the present embodiment allows each layer of readily stackable wiring board for a multilayer flexible wiring board to be efficiently prepared.

The present invention is not limited to the foregoing embodiment, but may be modified in various aspects.

For example, the present invention is not limited to the foregoing embodiment in which identical wiring patterns are arranged and formed on a substrate, but different wiring patterns may be arranged layer by layer.

Although the foregoing embodiment relates to a multilayer flexible wiring board consisting of 6 layers of wiring boards, the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment but may also be applied to various multilayer flexible wiring boards comprising 2 or more layers.

The present invention can be applied not only to fully stack wiring boards but also partially stack them.

As described above, the present invention allows individual layers of wiring boards to be precisely positioned and to be readily stacked.

Also according to the present invention, the structure of the apparatus for manufacturing a multilayer flexible wiring board can be simplified because patterns of wirings on individual layers of wiring boards can be formed with a single mask for exposure.

While the invention has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, those skilled in the art, having benefit of this disclosure, will appreciate that other embodiments can be devised which do not depart from the scope of the invention as disclosed herein. Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be limited only by the attached claims.