Title:
Device for depositing individual printed products, supplied in succession, in shingle formation
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A device for depositing individual printed products (4), preferably magazines, brochures or book blocks, that are supplied in succession by means of a feed conveyor (2) on a downstream conveyor (3) with slower transport speed (v3) in shingle formation (5), wherein said device comprises a stream feeder (1) that receives the printed products (4) from the feed conveyor (2) by means of rotating grippers (6a to e) that are opened and closed in the appropriate cycle with the aid of a stationary cam (12) and deposits the printed products on the downstream conveyor (3). In order to reliably and flawlessly deposit the printed products, particularly thick and/or less flexible printing products, in shingle formation, the stream feeder includes a plurality of grippers (6a to e) that are rotatively driven with a slower speed (v2) than the feed speed (v1), wherein the grippers (6a to e), opened for receiving the printed products, respectively include a short pocket (7) with a bottom stop (8), with which the respectively supplied printed product (4) comes in contact due to the higher feed speed (v1). The clamped transport takes place within an angular range (β) of the rotational movement of the grippers, namely up to a defined distance upstream of a stripping element (10) for reliably releasing the printed products (4). They drop on the downstream conveyor (3) along a short path.



Inventors:
Brommer, Carsten (Tecklenburg/Leeden, DE)
Application Number:
11/635955
Publication Date:
07/19/2007
Filing Date:
12/08/2006
Primary Class:
International Classes:
B65H29/06
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
MCCULLOUGH, MICHAEL C
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ALIX, YALE & RISTAS, LLP (HARTFORD, CT, US)
Claims:
1. A device for depositing individual printed products such as magazines, brochures or book blocks that are supplied in succession by means of a feed conveyor having a feed speed onto a downstream conveyor having a slower transport speed in shingle formation, said device comprising: a stream feeder that receives the printed products from the feed conveyor; rotating grippers on said stream feeder that are opened and closed in an appropriate cycle, said rotating grippers being driven with a slower speed than the feed speed of said feed conveyor, said grippers when opened for receiving the printed products having a short pocket with a bottom stop with which the respectively supplied printed product comes in contact due to the higher feed speed of said feed conveyor; and a stripping element on the stream feeder, wherein the printed products are transported up to a defined distance upstream of said stripping element while being clamped by the grippers whereupon said grippers are opened to release and drop the printed products onto the downstream conveyor.

2. The device according to claim 1, wherein said grippers are continuously driven with a constant speed.

3. The device according to claim 1, wherein said stream feeder includes a stationary control cam for causing said grippers to open and close.

4. The device according claim 3 wherein said control cam for the grippers is rotatable on said stream feeder in order to adjust the closing and opening times of the grippers.

5. The device according to claim 1, wherein said stream feeder includes a supporting disk having a surface area that rotates synchronous with said grippers, each said gripper includes a clamping element, said short pocket being formed by said surface area of said supporting disk and said clamping element of the gripper, and each said clamping element has an insertion ramp that points away from the bottom stop.

6. The device according to claim 1, wherein said stream feeder includes a supporting disk having a surface area that rotates synchronous with said grippers, each said gripper includes a clamping element, said short pocket being formed by said surface area of said supporting disk and said clamping element of the gripper, each said clamping element has an insertion ramp that points away from the bottom stop, and said stream feeder includes a stationary cam, said stationary cam for the grippers being rotatable in order to adjust the closing and opening times of the grippers.

7. The device according to claim 1, wherein said stripping element has elasticity.

8. The device according claim 1 wherein said stripping element is arranged approximately tangential to said supporting disk.

9. The device according to claim 1, further including a guide plate that guides the trailing edges of the printed products, said guide plate extending from a path in the direction of the rotational path of the grippers to a path that is essentially directed perpendicular to the downstream conveyor.

10. The device according to claim 1, wherein said stream feeder includes a supporting disk having a surface area that rotates synchronous with said grippers, each said gripper includes a clamping element, said short pocket being formed by said surface area of said supporting disk and said clamping element of the gripper, each said clamping element has an insertion ramp that points away from the bottom stop, and further including a guide plate that guides the trailing edges of the printed products, said guide plate extending from a path in the direction of the rotational path of the grippers to a path that is essentially directed perpendicular to the downstream conveyor.

11. The device according of claim 1, wherein said feed conveyor is arranged such that it extends tangentially toward the rotational path of the grippers and conveys in an obliquely descending fashion.

12. The device according to claim 11, wherein the downstream conveyor is arranged in an obliquely ascending fashion.

13. The device according to claim 12, further including a height adjusting mechanism for the downstream conveyor in order to adjust the distance of the conveyor to the rotational path of the grippers.

14. The device according claim 1, wherein the rotational path segment of said grippers from the receiving of the supplied printed products to the release thereof includes a first angular range in which the printed products come in contact with and are aligned on the bottom stop of the still opened grippers, a second angular range in which the printed products are transported in a clamped fashion and subjected to a change in direction, and a third angular range in which the printed products are released from the reopened grippers.

15. The device according to claim 1, further including a guide plate that guides the trailing edges of the printed products, said guide plate extending from a path in the direction of the rotational path of the grippers to a path that is essentially directed perpendicular to the downstream conveyor, and wherein said stream feeder includes a supporting disk having a surface area that rotates synchronous with the grippers, each said gripper including a clamping element, said short pocket being formed by said surface area of said supporting disk and said clamping element of the gripper, each said clamping element has an insertion ramp that points away from the bottom stop, and the rotational path segment of the grippers from the receiving of the supplied printed products to the release thereof includes a first angular range in which the printed products come in contact with and are aligned on the bottom stop of the still opened grippers, a second angular range in which the printed products are transported in a clamped fashion and subjected to a change in direction, and a third angular range in which the printed products are released from the reopened the grippers.

16. The device according to claim 1, further including a guide plate that guides the trailing edges of the printed products, said guide plate extending from a path in the direction of the rotational path of the grippers to a path that is essentially directed perpendicular to the downstream conveyor, and a supporting disk having a surface area that rotates synchronous with said grippers, each said gripper including a clamping element, said short pocket being formed by said surface area of said supporting disk and each said clamping element of the gripper, said clamping element having an insertion ramp that points away from the bottom stop, and wherein said stream feeder includes a stationary control cam for causing said grippers to open and close, said control cam for the grippers is rotatable on said stream feeder in order to adjust the closing and opening times of the grippers.

17. The device according to claim 1, wherein the downstream conveyor includes at least two conveying means that revolve around deflection pulleys parallel to one another and include pushers that are arranged within identical distances from one another and act upon the trailing edges of the dropped printed product.

18. The device according to claim 1, further including a holding element that is arranged above the downstream conveyor and pushes the deposited printed product against the pushers of the conveyor.

19. The device according to claim 1, wherein said stripping element is arranged approximately tangential to the supporting disk, and said stripping element has elasticity.

20. The device according to claim 1, further including a guide plate that guides the trailing edges of the printed products, said guide plate extending from a path in the direction of the rotational path of the grippers to a path that is essentially directed perpendicular to the downstream conveyor, and wherein said stream feeder includes a stationary control cam for causing said grippers to open and close, said control cam for the grippers being rotatable on said stream feeder in order to adjust the closing and opening times of the grippers, said stream feeder includes a supporting disk having a surface area that rotates synchronous with said grippers, each said gripper including a clamping element, said short pocket being formed by said surface area of said supporting disk and said clamping element of the gripper, said clamping element having an insertion ramp that points away from the bottom stop, and the downstream conveyor includes of at least two conveying means that revolve around deflection pulleys parallel to one another and include pushers that are arranged within identical distances from one another and act upon the trailing edges of the dropped printed product and a holding element that is arranged above the downstream conveyor and pushes the deposited printed product against the pushers of the conveyor.

21. (canceled)

22. (canceled)

23. (canceled)

24. (canceled)

25. (canceled)

Description:

TECHNICAL FIELD

This disclosure pertains to a device for depositing individual printed products that are supplied in succession in shingle formation.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

DE 198 46 032 C2 describes devices for depositing flat objects such as tubular sections or bags consisting of paper, wherein the supplied objects are decelerated with a device that settles on the deposited objects from the top. Devices of this type are also suitable for depositing thicker printed products in shingle formation, e.g., magazines, brochures or book blocks. The objects are transported with a relatively high speed on a conveyor belt while being spaced apart from one another and transferred to an obliquely ascending downstream conveyor belt that revolves with a slower speed. In order to produce the shingle formation, the supplied objects are decelerated by one or more deceleration rolls that are rotatably supported on swiveling levers and roll on the shingle formation being produced with an adjustable pressing force. The device is adjusted to the length of the objects to be deposited by respectively displacing the deceleration rolls or the assigned lever relative to the cut-off of the first conveyor belt.

In this case, it is complicated to adjust the device to the formats of the objects to be deposited and disruptions may occur due to objects being positioned obliquely when they come in contact with the deceleration rolls. The objects are not deposited with a constant shingle spacing, particularly when the transport speed changes, e.g., when powering up and powering down the conveyor system, namely because the objects approach the deceleration rolls along a speed-dependent trajectory over a relatively long distance. Gaps in the stream feed may occur, particularly when processing short formats. This results in corresponding disruptions during the mechanical finishing of the objects transported in shingle formation.

It is known to utilize fan wheels driven in a revolving fashion, e.g., as described in EP 0 265 735 B1, for delivering flat printed products that emerge from the folding apparatus of a printing machine in shingle formation. The printed products are introduced into the pocket-shaped compartments of the fan wheel from the top about tangentially, wherein the printed products come in contact with the bottom of the compartments with their leading edge due to the higher feed speed and, after slightly more than one-quarter revolution of the fan wheel, are pushed out of the compartment once again by a stripping element (band, wheel or the like) and deposited in shingle formation. On the downstream conveyor, the printed products are taken hold of by pusher cams on their trailing edge referred to the transport direction and transported away.

In devices with fan wheels, it is problematic that the printed products do not always lie on the bottom of the compartments due to rebound effects or the lack of an excess speed such that corresponding variations of the shingle spacing occur. Different auxiliary measures were developed in order to ensure that the printed products are properly positioned and therefore aligned on the bottom of the compartments, wherein said auxiliary measures generally consist of effectively taking hold of the trailing edge of the printed products with a slightly higher transport speed than that of the fan wheel. For example, EP 0 265 735 B1 proposes to already take hold of the printed products on their trailing edge and to transport away the printed products before they are removed from the compartments of the fan wheel. However, all these measures can only be realized if the printed products consist of relatively thin, flexible objects that are able to rebound during the alignment contrary to thicker and/or less flexible printed products, e.g., magazines, brochures or book blocks. These products usually have a rigidity that prevents a reliable penetration into the curved compartments of the fan wheel from the outset.

Another device of this type for depositing flat objects in shingle formation is known from DE 34 04 459 A1. It essentially consists of a stream feeder that receives the arc-shaped products transported without overlap from the feed conveyor with the aid of rotating grippers that are opened and closed in the appropriate cycle by means of a stationary control cam and deposited on the downstream conveyor in shingle formation with a slower speed. The rotating grippers can be decelerated on a transport segment that extends from the feed conveyor to the downstream conveyor referred to the transport direction, namely from approximately the feed speed to approximately the delivery speed, wherein the grippers can be accelerated once again in the ensuing transport segment.

In contrast to the known fan wheel feed, the products are always transported while being taken hold of by the decelerating grippers during their deceleration and only released once the stream feeding speed is reached. In this case, the grippers slide along the surface of the respective leading product such that markings may be produced. Another disadvantage can be seen in that the drum serving as the supporting device for the printed products revolves with a constant speed such that a relative speed results between the printed products transported by the decelerating grippers and the drum, wherein this relative speed is directed in such a way at the end of the closed gripper movement that the drum delays the printed products. The device according to DE 34 04 459 A1 has a complicated construction and is only conditionally suitable for processing thicker and/or less flexible printed products.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present embodiment is based on the objective of developing a device for depositing individual printed products, supplied in succession, in shingle formation, wherein said device should also make it possible to reliably and flawlessly deposit thicker and/or less flexible printed products at high processing speeds. It should be possible, in particular, to reliably deposit printed products with short dimensions referred to the shingle spacing if changes in the transport speed occur.

According to the embodiment, this objective is attained by reducing the compartments known from the fan wheel feed to relatively short pockets such that the printed products also quickly come in contact with the bottom stop of the pockets if the difference between the feed speed and the speed of the rotating grippers is relatively small. This is particularly beneficial when processing small format lengths and less flexible printed products. In order to ensure that the printed products aligned on the bottom stop can no longer be displaced during their additional transport and are therefore transferred in a precisely positioned fashion, the printed products are subsequently transported while being taken hold of and deflected approximately in the stream feeding direction of the downstream conveyor during this process. The grippers are opened before the stripping element is reached, wherein the printed products drop on the downstream conveyor in the direction of the product thickness along the shortest path possible due to the centrifugal force and the downwardly acting weight. The dropping time therefore is so short that a faulty shingle formation is no longer produced, namely even if significant speed changes occur. In addition, the stripping element ensures that the printed products are reliably removed from the pocket of the opened gripper. To sum up, the printed products supplied with a high speed practically are reliably and carefully decelerated to the stream feeding speed in several successive deceleration processes.

The embodiment allows a constant rotational speed of the grippers such that a simple construction of the device is achieved and no relative speed occurs between the printed products transported while being taken hold of by a gripper and the supporting disk. A format adjustment with respect to the format length of the printed products can be easily realized by turning the control cam. In order to achieve a trouble-free operation with high processing speeds, the trailing edge is displaced out of the moving path of the following printed product due to the deflection of the printed products by a defined angle in the stream feeder during the transport phase in which the printed products are taken hold of by the grippers. A constant shingle spacing is preferably realized during the depositing or dropping of the printed products in cooperation with pushers that are arranged at fixed distances from one another on the downstream conveyor.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

One embodiment is described in greater detail below with reference to the drawing, consisting of a single FIGURE.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The FIGURE shows a partially schematic side view of a stream feeder 1 for depositing individual brochures 4 (4I, 4II, 4III, 4IV), supplied in succession by means of a feed conveyor 2, on a downstream conveyor 3 with a slower transport speed v3 in shingle formation 5. The brochures 4 have a format length L and are successively transported obliquely downward with a feed speed v1 by the feed conveyor 2 that clamps the brochures 4 between conveyor belts 26, 27 such that they are spaced apart from one another by a distance A, wherein the brochures are then fed to the stream feeder 1 with their spine 4a pointing forward. The bottom conveyor belt 26 extends slightly farther than the upper conveyor belt 27 such that the brochures 4 are provided with a supporting surface.

The stream feeder 1 features a plurality of rotating grippers 6a to 6e that are continuously driven in a rotative fashion with a constant gripper speed v2. The grippers 6a to 6e are respectively realized in the form of a gripper row featuring at least two adjacently arranged parallel grippers. Only one respective gripper of a gripper row is visible in the illustration shown in the FIGURE. The short pocket 7 realized on the respective grippers 6a to 6e features a bottom stop 8 and sides that are formed by a clamp 9 and the surface area 11 a of a supporting disk 11. The supporting disk 11 simultaneously serves as a receptacle for the grippers and consequently rotates synchronously with the grippers 6a to 6e.

The brochures 4 are fed to the stream feeder 1 tangentially referred to the rotational path of the grippers and obliquely from the top. The spine 4 a represents the leading edge of a brochure 4III and is introduced into the pocket 7 of the assigned grippers 6a that is in an open state. Since the feed speed v1 is higher than the gripper speed v2, the brochures 4 come in contact with the bottom stop 8 such that they are aligned and can subsequently be additionally transported while being held by the closed grippers, wherein the moving direction of the brochures 4 is changed during the further motion sequence. The latter is indicated in the FIGURE in the form of the gripper 6e and the brochure 4II.

The rotational movement of the stream feeder 1 or of its grippers 6a to 6e, respectively, is adapted to the feed of the brochures 4 in such a way that an opened gripper 6b is introduced into a gap between a leading brochure 4III and the brochure 4IV to be transferred. The above-described phase, in which the contacting and aligning of the brochure 4III takes place, occurs in a first angular range α in which the gripper 6a is still open, wherein an insertion aid in the form of an insertion ramp 9a is provided on the clamp 9 of the grippers 6a to 6e. The brochure 4III only lies on the supporting surface of the lower conveyor belt 26 by the time it comes in contact with the bottom stop 8 such that the brochure 4III can be decelerated to the gripper speed v2 without being compressed by the bottom stop.

The clamped transport takes place in a second angular range β of the rotational movement of the grippers, namely up to a defined distance upstream of the stripping element 10 where the grippers 6a to 6e are reopened in order to release and drop the respective brochure 4II onto the downstream conveyor 3 situated thereunder. The release of the brochure 4II consequently takes place in a third angular range γ of the rotational movement of the grippers in which the grippers are opened once again and the downwardly acting weight is accelerated by the centrifugal force, wherein the brochure 4II is pushed out of the pocket 7 of the gripper 6e by the stripping element 10 in order to ensure that the brochure 4II is released from the gripper 6e.

Two brushes that are stationarily arranged on the stream feeder 1 adjacent to the grippers 6a to 6e serve as stripping elements 10, wherein said brushes are oriented approximately tangential to the supporting disk 11 and feature bristles that are inclined in the feed direction (v3). Due to their elasticity, the brochures 4 are carefully pushed out of the grippers 6a to 6e and deflected downward onto the downstream conveyor 3.

A guide plate 13 that guides and supports the trailing edge of the brochure 4II against the centrifugal force acting thereupon extends from the lower conveyor belt 26 in the direction of the rotational path of the grippers and essentially opens perpendicularly toward the downstream conveyor 3.

The downstream conveyor 3 is arranged with an ascending incline and features at least two transport chains 14, on which pusher cams 15 are arranged within identical distances B from one another, wherein said pusher cams effectively act upon and thusly transport the trailing edges of the dropped brochures 4. Due to the insignificant drop from the stream feeder 1 to the downstream conveyor 3, brochures 4 are also deposited in a timely fashion on the respectively leading brochure 4I such that they lie in front of the assigned pusher cam 15 for their additional transport if the speed of the conveyor system changes. Brochures 4 with a small format referred to the shingle spacing B are reliably placed on top of one another in this fashion.

Brochures 4 of the stream feed 5 that are not yet aligned when they come in contact with the pusher cams 15 are pressed against the pusher cams 15 by means of a holding element in the form of a brush 16 arranged above the downstream conveyor 3. The uniform stream feed 5 being produced has a constant shingle spacing B and is delivered to an additional processing machine with a stream feed speed v3.

The design and the function of the grippers 6a to 6e is illustrated in a partial section of the FIGURE. As indicated above, one clamping jaw of the grippers 6a to 6e is formed by the surface area 11a of a supporting disk 11, wherein this clamping jaw is arranged stationarily referred to the clamping movement. The clamp 9 serves as the second, movable clamping jaw for opening and closing the grippers and is received on a holder 18 that, in turn, is displaceably guided relative to a slide 17 and spring-loaded with the aid of a pressure spring 20. A bolt 19 fixed on the holder 18 serves as a guide arbor for the pressure spring 20. The pressure spring 20 is arranged in such a way that the clamp 9 exerts an inwardly directed clamping force. Its movement relative to the slide 17 is limited by a set screw 21.

The slides 17 of the grippers 6a to 6e are guided radially referred to the rotational path of the grippers on rails 23 that are fixed on the supporting disk 11, namely with the aid of linear guides 22. The holder 18 guided relative to the slide 17 is also guided on this rail 23 with a linear guide 24. The grippers 6a to 6e are adjusted between an open position and a closed position during their rotation due to the engagement of a cam roller 25 provided on the respective slide 17 and a stationary control cam 12, wherein the holder 18 with the clamp 9 yields outward against the force of the spring during the clamping of a brochure 4 independently of the product thickness.

Different format lengths L of the pushers 4 are adjusted by means of a format adjusting mechanism FV1 that is symbolically indicated in the form of a double arrow drawn with broken lines, wherein this format adjusting mechanism serves for turning the plate cam 12 in order to adjust the closing and opening times of the grippers 6a to 6e, and wherein this adjustment is equivalent to turning the second angular range β of the rotational path of the grippers. The distance of the downstream conveyor 3 from the rotational path of the grippers can be adjusted in dependence on the product thickness with the aid of a height adjusting mechanism FV2 for adjusting the height of the downstream conveyor 3 relative to the stream feeder 1.