Title:
HYDRAULIC CONTROL
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A hydraulic directional control is disclosed. The hydraulic directional control proposed herein provides, besides the already existing items, one pilot pressure sequence valve, one pressure vent valve with gauged vent for flux control, and one externally piloted stop valve.



Inventors:
Machado-damasceno, Michel Angelo (CAXIAS DO SUL, BR)
Simoes-rocha, Luiz Roberto (SAO BERNARDO DO CAMPO, BR)
Application Number:
11/469355
Publication Date:
03/22/2007
Filing Date:
08/31/2006
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F01B13/06
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:
20070251378Dual flow axial piston pumpNovember, 2007Nelson
20070074626Distribution system for a hydrostatic piston machineApril, 2007Ferretti
20030126982Valve plate for axial hydraulic piston pump or motorJuly, 2003Brooks
20120152108AIR PUMPJune, 2012Moss
20080245220Percussion Mechanism and at Least Percussively-Operated Hand Machine Tool With a Percussion MechanismOctober, 2008Duesselberg et al.
20010037724System for controlling hydraulic actuatorNovember, 2001Schumacher et al.
20100163128HYDRAULIC DIRECTIONAL VALVEJuly, 2010Kinscher et al.
20020026868High-pressure pneumatic and liquid injection apparatusMarch, 2002English et al.
20150315768CONSTRUCTION MACHINE WITH FLOATING FUNCTIONNovember, 2015Jeong et al.
20100275771Hydraulic System and Mobile Construction MachineNovember, 2010Helbling et al.
20100154626Braking system for a hydraulic motorJune, 2010Nelson et al.



Primary Examiner:
LESLIE, MICHAEL S
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GREENBERG TRAURIG LLP (GT) (CHICAGO, IL, US)
Claims:
1. A hydraulic control comprising: a pilot pressure sequence valve; a pressure vent valve with gauged vent for flux control; and an externally piloted stop valve.

2. A hydraulic control as per claim 1, wherein the external and/or internal use of the pilot operated pressure control valve and the pressure vent valve with gauged vent for flux control that increase the load.

3. A hydraulic control as per claims 1, wherein the valves control of induced hydraulic pressure in the telescopic cylinder.

4. A hydraulic control as per claim 1, wherein the external and/or internal use of the pilot operated pressure control valve liberate the recoiling of the telescopic cylinder stages.

5. A hydraulic control as per claim 4, wherein the external and/or internal use of the pilot operated pressure control valve when liberating the recoiling of the telescopic cylinder, that increase the volume in the container.

6. A hydraulic control as per claim 1, wherein pressure vent valve with gauged vent, that keeps the hydraulic pressure controlled and variable in function of the area of the telescopic cylinder stages.

7. A hydraulic control as per claim 1, wherein the valves that keep compacting forces constant regardless the areas of the telescopic cylinder stages.

8. A hydraulic control characterized by residues that are homogenously compacted throughout the entire container and the compacting force that is set to keep and assure that the compacted residue load is compatible with the equipment/vehicle and consequently with transportation road being used.

9. A hydraulic control as per claim 1, wherein the pilot stop valve, that promotes the so-called “anti-pacifier” effect.

10. A hydraulic control as per claim 9, wherein the pilot stop valve, that only allows the passage of hydraulic oil into the telescopic cylinder and consequently the open of that telescopic cylinder through the ejecting system, outward the container, if the compactor cover assembly is open.

Description:

RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims the benefit a prior international filing priority to Brazilian Patent Application No. Brazilian Application PI 0504163-5, filed Sep. 02, 2005, the contents of which are incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

BACKGROUND

1. Field

This disclosure relates to hydraulic control systems used in trucks and refuse compactor.

2. General Background

The refuse collectors and compactors in use in the market show a few problems related to the ability to compact refuse, that is, problems in getting a higher density of refuse per cubic meter of container (12) during the collection operation. Since the means of transmission of force and power used to drive the compacting mechanism is fit within the collection vehicle, a hydraulic system uses the increase of hydraulic pressure in the main work to get a greater hydraulic power and, as a result of it, a greater force in compacting the refuse. As a mechanic resistance limits the container, the truck structure may be damaged in case high forces overcome such resistance. It also occurs that both the uneven distribution of the residue cargo in the container (12) and the application conditions, together with the characteristics of the hydraulic products, such as a telescopic cylinder and the cylinder control directional valve, cause the driver some discomfort. Still, due to this lack of homogeneity, the residue is irregularly compacted and accumulated in a few points of the container, thus making the cargo to be unevenly distributed and causing problems in both the front and rear axles of the vehicle.

Another technical problem found is that, being the operator able to handle parts of the equipment not specifically destined to compact the residue, he can concentrate a bigger volume of residue inside the container, causing it to look inflated, what is popularly known as “rubber nipple” effect. The problem is that the inflation of the container on top of not helping compacting the residue, it damages the whole structure of the truck,/collector and also the road due to its weight.

Collector operators and residue compactors have been trying to solve these problems by increasing the cargo capacity above the limit specified by the truck manufacturer, operators working with the truck inflated, that is, with the container at the limit of its cargo capacity and ready for being unloaded both in terms of volume and weigh, above the cargo capacity allowed for the equipment/vehicle and the road.

As there is no control on the distribution of cargo in the container (12) the operator concentrates the load of collected residue mainly in the rear axle, thus causing discomfort to the driver, insecurity while driving the vehicle, besides compromising the service life and maintenance of the road. The operator tries to solve this problem by causing the “rubber nipple” effect, which takes place as the operator drives the directional valve and releases the flow of hydraulic oil for the telescopic cylinder to open while keeping the lid kit closed. Such drive and action compromise the service life of the equipment as well as the operator safety, as mechanical parts, not designed to compact residue, are used for this purpose.

SUMMARY

To solve the aforementioned problems, a directional control with a pressure sequence valve and a pressure compensation valve is proposed, to allow the pressure induced in the telescopic hydraulic cylinder by the action of the compacting work to be constant and independent in the course the different stages/areas of the telescopic cylinder. This pressure varies according to the force of compacting and the area of the telescopic cylinder in operation. As a result, a homogeneous compacting of the residue is obtained. However, the “rubber effect” can still occur this way.

The hydraulic system, already known in the state of the art, includes:

Hydraulic pump;

Hydraulic fluid tank;

Hydraulic actuating cylinders; and

Telescopic hydraulic cylinder.

The request on privilege of invention described hereon aims at solving the problems present in the state of the art, thus proposing a hydraulic directional control.

The hydraulic directional control proposed hereon provides, besides the already existing items, a piloted pressure sequence valve, a pressure compensation valve with a calibrated vent to control the flow and a externally piloted retention valve.

The request hereon is about privilege of invention of a hydraulic control used in trucks and refuse compactor.

The refuse collectors and compactors in use in the market show a few problems related to the ability to compact refuse, that is, problems in getting a higher density of refuse per cubic meter of container (12) during the collection operation. Since the means of transmission of force and power used to drive the compacting mechanism is fit within the collection vehicle, a hydraulic system uses the increase of hydraulic pressure in the main work to get a greater hydraulic power and, as a result of it, a greater force in compacting the refuse. As a mechanic resistance limits the container, the truck structure may be damaged in case high forces overcome such resistance. It also occurs that both the uneven distribution of the residue cargo in the container (12) and the application conditions, together with the characteristics of the hydraulic products, such as a telescopic cylinder and the cylinder control directional valve, cause the driver some discomfort. Still, due to this lack of homogeneity, the residue is irregularly compacted and accumulated in a few points of the container, thus making the cargo to be unevenly distributed and causing problems in both the front and rear axles of the vehicle.

Another technical problem found in conventional systems is that, being the operator able to handle parts of the equipment not specifically destined to compact the residue, he can concentrate a bigger volume of residue inside the container, causing it to look inflated, what is popularly known as “rubber nipple” effect. The problem is that the inflation of the container on top of not helping compacting the residue, it damages the whole structure of the truck,/collector and also the road due to its weight.

Collector operators and residue compactors have been trying to solve these problems by increasing the cargo capacity above the limit specified by the truck manufacturer, operators working with the truck inflated, that is, with the container at the limit of its cargo capacity and ready for being unloaded both in terms of volume and weigh, above the cargo capacity allowed for the equipment/vehicle and the road.

As there is no control on the distribution of cargo in the container (12) the operator concentrates the load of collected residue mainly in the rear axle, thus causing discomfort to the driver, insecurity while driving the vehicle, besides compromising the service life and maintenance of the road. The operator tries to solve this problem by causing the “rubber nipple” effect, which takes place as the operator drives the directional valve and releases the flow of hydraulic oil for the telescopic cylinder to open while keeping the lid kit closed. Such drive and action compromise the service life of the equipment as well as the operator safety, as mechanical parts, not designed to compact residue, are used for this purpose.

To solve this problem, a directional control is proposed with a pressure sequence valve and a pressure compensation valve, to allow the pressure induced in the telescopic hydraulic cylinder by the action of the compacting work to be constant and independent in the course the different stages/areas of the telescopic cylinder. This pressure varies according to the force of compacting and the area of the telescopic cylinder in operation. As a result, a homogeneous compacting of the residue is obtained. However, the “rubber effect” can still occur this way.

The hydraulic system, already known in the state of the art, includes:

Hydraulic pump;

Hydraulic fluid tank;

Hydraulic actuating cylinders; and

Telescopic hydraulic cylinder.

The request on privilege of invention described hereon aims at solving the problems present in the state of the art, thus proposing a hydraulic directional control.

The hydraulic directional control proposed hereon provides, besides the already existing items, a piloted pressure sequence valve, a pressure compensation valve with a calibrated vent to control the flow and a externally piloted retention valve.

DRAWINGS

The above-mentioned features and objects of the present disclosure will become more apparent with reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals denote like elements and in which:

FIG. 1 represents a lateral view of a refuse collector truck (1) where one can notice the location of the hydraulic control (2);

FIG. 2 represents a perspective view of the hydraulic control (2);

FIG. 3 represents a perspective view of another angle of the hydraulic control (2);

FIG. 4 represents a cross sectional view of the hydraulic control (2) indicating the externally and/or internally piloted pressure sequence valve (21);

FIG. 5 represents a cross sectional view of the hydraulic control (2), where one can notice the location of the pressure compensating valve with calibrated hole to control the flow (22);

FIG. 6 represents a cross sectional view of the piloted retention valve (20), known as anti-rubber nipple valve”, where all its components can be observed;

FIG. 7 represents a lateral sectional view of the hydraulic control (2), where one can notice the position of the piloted retention valve (20);

FIG. 8 represents a lateral sectional view of the hydraulic control (2), where one can notice when the piloted retention valve (20) is not used, being replaced by a lid set (24).

FIG. 9 is a representation of the hydraulic system (3) where one can notice the location of the piloted retention valve (20), known as “anti-rubber nipple” and the location of the externally piloted pressure sequence valve (21).

FIG. 10 is a representation of the hydraulic system (3), where one can notice the location of the piloted retention valve (20), known as anti-rubber nipple and the location of the internally piloted pressure sequence valve (21).

In some applications the use of the piloted retention valve, known as “anti-rubber nipple”, will be unnecessary.

FIG. 11 is a representation of the hydraulic system (3), where one can notice the location of the lid set (24) and the location of the externally piloted pressure of the regulation valve (21) (hydraulic circuit).

FIG. 12 is a representation of the hydraulic system (3), where one can notice the location of the lid set (24) and the internally piloted pressure of the regulatory valve (21).

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The piloted retention valve (20) comprises the body of a valve (23), a buffer (24) a connection for the pilot line (25), a piston (26), a limiter (27), a plunger (28) and a spring (29). The piston (26) is kept against a center place in the body of the valve (23) through the action of a spring (29). Its function is to allow the free flow of fluid in one direction and keep it from going the opposite way. Note that an increase of pressure on the piston (26) in the non-allowed direction of the flow tends to push the piston (26) against the center place, thus enhancing the blocking.

With the use of two valves, an externally and/or internally piloted pressure sequence valve (21) and a pressure compensation valve with calibrated hole to control the flow (22) we managed to get an increase of cargo (greater residue density per cubic meter) at the work main low pressure. Both valves are part of the hydraulic pressure control induced in the telescope. The externally and/or internally piloted pressure sequence valve (21) is responsible, at being piloted by the hydraulic pressure of the hydraulic cylinders (11) of the compactor, for liberating just the pressure induced in the telescopic cylinder to the pressure compensating valve with calibrated hole to control the flow (22), responsible for keeping the resulting pressure stable and controlling it so as to allow a minimum reduction of induced pressure and consecutively a small retreat of the stage of the telescopic cylinder in operation. The volume of the container is increased when the retreat of the stage of the telescopic cylinder in operation is released (12), that is, a greater volume is created within the container (12) so that more residue may be compacted. This pressure compensating valve (22) with calibrated hole keeps the induced hydraulic pressure of the telescopic cylinder under control. This induced pressure is obtained according to the areas of the stages of the telescopic cylinder in operation, as a result of the force of compacting applied. A constant and homogeneous compacting is obtained in each stage of the telescopic cylinder from the operation of this valve. We conclude that, contrary to the current concept that it does not keep the induced pressure controlled through the compensation of the pressure but rather liberates it back to the tank, one has, by using this pressure compensating valve (22) with calibrated hole, a better control on the compacting, for the course of retreat of the telescopic cylinder is minimum, thus significantly increasing the density of the collected residue per cubic meter of container (12). This implies that the compacting force may be adjusted to keep and assure that the cargo of compacted residue is compatible with the equipment/vehicle (1) and consequently with the road being used.

Keeping the compensation of the induced pressure in the telescopic cylinder under control may also directly control the retreat of the telescopic cylinder. This also greatly favors the compacting and distribution of the compacted residue and provides greater security and driving conditions to the vehicle (1). All this makes it possible the adequacy of the main hydraulic pressure, which may be reduced the high performance of compacting, By redefining the compacting forces to lower values we managed to reduce them on the structure of the container (12) to values perfectly acceptable for the operation of the equipment in both the technical and security aspects. The characteristics of this hydraulic control complies to the design specifications of the vehicle/equipment (1), as well as the better distribution of the compacted cargo between the front and rear axles of the vehicle (1).

The piloted retention optional valve (20), provides the effect called “anti-rubber nipple”. The piloted retention valve (20), will allow the passage of hydraulic oil only to the telescopic cylinder and consequently the opening of this telescopic cylinder so that the compacted residue may be ejected through the ejecting system (14), outside the container (12) if the lid set (13) of the compactor is open. This is because the hydraulic pressure induced by the hydraulic cylinder (11) that opens the lid set (13) is what generates the piloting hydraulic pressure liberating the hydraulic flow to open the telescopic cylinder. For this to take place, a directional hydraulic valve in the hydraulic line between the cylinder that lifts the lid set (13) and the pilot line of the piloted retention valve (20) is needed. The lid set must drive this directional valve mechanically and/or electrically (13). When this lid set (13) is closed the pilot line of the piloted retention valve (20) must be connected to the hydraulic oil tank.

It must be evident to those familiar to the technique that the invention hereon can be set up on many other specific ways without been separated from the spirit or scope of the invention. One must understand that the invention may be specially set up in the ways described hereinbefore.

Therefore, the examples and set ups hereon must be considered illustrations rather than restrictions and this invention should not be limited to the details provided in this document, but rather modified within the scope and equivalence of the related claims.

While the apparatus and method have been described in terms of what are presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that the disclosure need not be limited to the disclosed embodiments. It is intended to cover various modifications and similar arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the claims, the scope of which should be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and similar structures. The present disclosure includes any and all embodiments of the following claims.