Title:
Modular Clean Room Structures and Laminations for the Life Sciences and Health-Care Industries
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
Homogenous monolithic modular structures and laminations are usable alone and together to provide easily wipeable aseptic smooth surfaces free it seems, joins and other crevices where bacteria and contamination may lie that is suitable for clean rooms for the life-sciences and health care industries and other applications.



Inventors:
Haddad, Deric Angelo (Elizabeth, PA, US)
Application Number:
11/308067
Publication Date:
02/22/2007
Filing Date:
03/05/2006
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
52/287.1
International Classes:
E04H3/00; E04H1/00
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:
20070056242Connector for concrete panelsMarch, 2007Sample
20080098670Earthquake resistant building foundationMay, 2008Hsu
20090293388PARTITION ASSEMBLYDecember, 2009Feldpausch et al.
20060150576Method for making countertopJuly, 2006Boone
20080282643Self-Adjusting and/or Self-Locking Concrete or Cinder Block Lifting DeviceNovember, 2008Devens
20060265974Structure of a sounding deviceNovember, 2006Tan
20080184633LEVEL ADJUSTMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FREE STANDING POLES AND STRUCTURAL COLUMNSAugust, 2008Hamilton
20040134158Wire mesh screedJuly, 2004William Jr. et al.
20070261329Inorganic Composite Building PanelNovember, 2007Rigsby et al.
20050204673Wall repair system and methodSeptember, 2005Reed
20020166295Earthquake-protective building bufferNovember, 2002Shustov



Primary Examiner:
A, PHI DIEU TRAN
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LAW OFFICE OF A.P. DURIGON (CAMBRIDGE, MA, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. Wall structural modules enabling to provide room structural walls having smooth, easily wipeable surfaces at floor-to-wall and wall-to-wall interfaces that eliminate if not prevent microbe buildup and/or contamination of any desired configuration in dependence on the number and arrangement of wall structural modules employed, comprising: a base track component module having elongated, longitudinally extending side walls that are coved to provide easy wipeability, a top tongue and bottom radius edges that accept caulking; a ceiling track component module; an inside corner component module having an upstanding portion that terminates in a foot portion, the upstanding portion including upstanding, left and right panels and an upstanding, aseptic edge integrally joining the upstanding, left and right panels having a smooth, easily wipeable inside surface, the foot has coved surfaces that match the coved surfaces of the base track and is contoured to match the contour of the aseptic edge to provide easily wipeable floor to wall and inside corner surfaces; an outside corner component module having an upstanding portion that terminates in a foot portion, the upstanding portion including upstanding, left and right panels and an upstanding aseptic edge integrally joining the upstanding, left and right panels having a smooth, easily wipeable outside surface, the foot has coved surfaces that match the coved surfaces of the base track and is contoured to match the contour of the aseptic edge to provide easy wipeability of the floor to wall and outside corner surfaces; a partition wall component module; a wall connector component module; a base track to partition wall joint component module to attach the base track to the partition wall at its bottom; and a ceiling track to partition wall joint component module to attach the ceiling track to the partition wall at its top.

2. The invention of claim 1, further including a two-piece window frame component module and a glazing member adapted to provide an easily wipeable window in an opening provided therefor in said partition wall component module.

3. The invention of claim 1, further including an end cap panel component module adapted to provide a protective termination for any exposed partition wall end that includes a coved foot that conforms to the curvature of the base track.

4. The invention of claim 1, wherein said base and ceiling tracks and said joints are extruded of polyvinyl chloride.

5. The invention of claim 1, wherein said inside and outside corners and said wall connectors are vacuum-formed and enable to clad over the corners of rooms and the corners of T-walls.

6. The invention of claim 1, wherein said base track is hollow and includes a brace that divides the hollow interior into upper and lower cavities which may be employed as utility races.

7. The invention of claim 1, wherein said ceiling track component includes an elongated top whose sidewalls taper downwardly to provide concave wipeable surfaces, is hollow, and includes a strength providing strut in the hollow interior.

8. The invention of claim 1, wherein said inside and outside corner components each include at least one ridge adapted to provide seamless, easily wipeable laterally adjacent interfaces.

9. The invention of claim 1, wherein said edge of said inside corner component has a generally C-shape.

10. The invention of claim 1, wherein said edge of said outside corner component has a generally C-shape.

11. The invention of claim 1, wherein said edge of said outside corner component has a generally V-shape.

12. The invention of claim 1, wherein said wall connector component includes a two-piece male and female batten subassembly joining laterally adjacent partition wall components in such a way as to provide a crevice-free joint therebetween.

13. The invention of claim 1, wherein said wall connector component includes a monolithic wall panel having an upstanding portion that terminates in a foot portion curved to match the curvature of the side walls of the base track and ridges laterally spaced from the sides adapted to allow seamless joining of laterally adjacent components.

14. The invention of claim 1, wherein said base track joint includes a U-shape member having laterally extending flanges and grooves provided along the flanges, the U-shape member providing a groove that accepts the tongue of the base track.

15. The invention of claim 1, wherein said ceiling track includes an elongated bottom groove and said ceiling track joint includes a U-shape member that provides a tongue adapted to be received in said groove of said ceiling track.

16. The invention of claim 1, wherein said partition wall is a lightweight laminated structure having a core and skins that cover each side of the core.

17. Monolithic lamination modules enabling to clad walls to provide smooth, easily wipeable aseptic surfaces that eliminate if not prevent microbe buildup and/or contamination, comprising: a wall liner panel lamination component module having a generally rectangular upstanding wall portion terminating in an elongated base portion that is coved to provide ease of wipeability, an inside corner lamination component module having an upstanding portion that terminates in a foot portion, the upstanding portion including left and right panels and an aseptic inside edge joining the left and right panels having a smooth, easily wipeable surface, the foot portion including a concave, easily wipeable surface extending along the length of the foot portion; and an outside corner lamination component module having an upstanding portion that terminates in the foot portion, the upstanding portion including left and right panels and an outside edge joining the left and right panels having a smooth, easily wipeable surface, the foot portion including a concave, easily wipeable surface extending along the length of the foot portion.

18. The invention of claim 17, wherein said wall liner panel, and inside and outside corner lamination components are of a size that matches the size of a standard wall.

19. The invention of claim 17, wherein said wall liner panel, inside and outside corner lamination components are wainscot component laminations that are in size less than the height of a standard wall.

20. The invention of claim 17, wherein said wall lamination component includes a rigidity imparting flange horizontally extending from said base.

21. The invention of claim 17, wherein said wall lamination includes a laterally radiused edge providing a butt joint easy to heat-weld or caulk.

22. The invention of claim 19, wherein the inside corner wainscot lamination includes a triangle-shape top wall to close off the wedge that otherwise would be defined at the inside corner of the wall to be clad thereby.

23. The invention of claim 19, wherein the outside corner wainscot lamination edge is a rounded bull nose outside corner edge that provides ease of wipeability.

Description:

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/659,235 filed on Mar. 7, 2005, incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention is drawn to the field of structures and laminations, and more particularly, to novel modular clean room structures and laminations for the life sciences and health-care and other industries.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The primary function of the Life Science Clean Room Wall Manufacturer is to create “aseptic” conditions throughout—systems that, by design, are easy to sterilize and will prevent microbial contamination. This is the FDA requirement known as “cGMP,” which stands for current Good Manufacturing Practices. The FDA informally looks to U.S. Pat. No. 797 as the latest mandate for facility protocol in the life sciences. According to 797, all pharmacies, health care institutions and facilities where compounded sterile preparations are prepared stored and dispensed, are to adhere to even higher standards of aseptic protocol. For such products as “biologics, diagnostics, drugs, nutrients or radiopharmaceuticals, and such preparations as baths and soaks for live organs and tissues, implants, inhalations, injections, irrigations, metered sprays, ophthalmic and optic procedures,” raising the standards of cGMP is the FDA's charge.

To adhere to these requirements, wall manufacturers must construct and finish interior surfaces that are homogenous, monolithic, and free of seams, joints and open crevices that harbor bacteria. Typically, walls heretofore have employed mitered corner posts, surface applied corner moldings, hand-formed plastic radius or on-site thermo-formed corners.

Most often, end users find themselves spending exorbitant amounts of money on excessive labor and materials costs to custom build these conditions. And, once achieved, end users still find themselves with a continuous problem—the inability to deconstruct or demount the wall system in a way that will prohibit contamination and reconstruction.

In most cases, if not all, significant portions of wall systems are destroyed during retro-fit procedures, whether it's demounting or expanding.

There is thus the need provide modular clean room structures and eliminations for the life sciences health care and other industries or applications that overcomes these and other disadvantages.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is one object of the present invention to provide modular clean room structures and laminations for the life sciences and health care and other industries or applications.

It is another object of the present invention to provide modular clean room structures for the life sciences industries that are load bearing and non-load bearing.

It is another object of the present invention to provide demountable (non-progressive) or installed (progressive) modular clean room structures.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide novel clean room structures of the types described that provide smooth, seamless, readily cleanable structural interfaces when walls meet wall-to-wall, wall-to-floor and wall-to-ceiling that reduce if not eliminate the potential for microbial contamination.

It is another object of the present invention to provide modular clean room structures of the types described or laminations that are lightweight and easy to fabricate.

It is another object of the present invention to provide modular clean room structures for the life sciences of the types described that are usable with standard load-bearing structural materials such as Unistruts.

It is another object of the present invention to provide such structures and laminations that are constituted as monolithic, homogeneous components of standardized sizes.

Is a further object of the present invention to provide modular clean room structures or laminations that can be made up of various types of raw materials within the standard component framework.

It is a further object of the present invention to disclose such structures and laminations that are interoperable and that can be integrated with other structures and/or laminations so as to readily meet the needs of a wide variety of applications.

In accord with these objects, the present invention discloses homogenous, monolithic modular structures and laminations usable alone and together to provide easily wipeable aseptic smooth surfaces free of seams, joins and other crevices where bacteria and contamination may lay that is suitable for clean rooms for the life sciences and health care industries and other applications. The modular structures cooperate to provide load and non-load bearing self-standing walls in any configuration depending on the number and kind of modular structures utilized. The modular laminations of the present invention enable to clad over self-standing walls that are either newly built or already existing to provide aseptic, easily wipeable surfaces free of seams, joints and crevices were microbes could build-up. The modular structural and lamination components, that are usable together, provide the flexibility and versatility needed to satisfy the requirements of a wide variety of application situations in the life sciences, health care and other industries and other aseptic environments.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other features, objects and aspects of the present invention will become apparent as the invention becomes better understood by referring to the following solely exemplary detailed description of the presently preferred embodiments, and to the drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view illustrating corner, T-wall and wall subassemblies of the novel modular clean room structures for the life sciences in accord with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a base track subassembly in accord with the present invention;

FIG. 3 is an isometric view of the base track subassembly;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a member employed to removably join the base track (and ceiling track) and panel subassemblies;

FIG. 5 is an isometric view of the joining member;

FIG. 6A is an isometric view of a laminated panel in accord with the present invention, showing side views thereof in FIGS. 6B, 6C and, in FIG. 6D, a detail of the bottom thereof illustrating how it is cut-out to receive the joining members used to removably mount the base track thereinto;

FIG. 7 is an end isometric view illustrating the base track joining member inset into the panel;

FIG. 8 illustrates in FIG. 8A a sectional view of a flexible ceiling track and in FIG. 8B a sectional view illustrating how the flexible ceiling track is removably joined to the panel members of the novel modular clean room structures in accord with the present invention;

FIG. 9 shows the inside corner subassemblies in accord with the present invention, illustrating an isometric view thereof in FIG. 9A, a front view in FIG. 9B, a side view in FIG. 9C, a section view along the line B-B of the FIG. 9B in FIG. 9D, and a section view along the line A-A of FIG. 9B in FIG. 9E, the inside corner subassembly of the FIG. 9 being also usable as a lamination component of the modular, monolithic, homogenous clean room laminations of the present invention;

FIG. 10 illustrates an outside corner subassembly of the novel modular clean room structures of the present invention illustrating the same in isometric view in FIG. 10A, in front view in FIG. 10B, in side view in FIG. 10C, in section view along the line B-B of FIG. 10B in the FIG. 10D, and a section view along the line A-A of FIG. 10B in FIG. 10E;

FIG. 11 is a sectional view through an outside corner showing the inside and outside corner subassemblies and the incorporation of Unistruts in the chase;

FIG. 12 is an isometric view showing an inside corner either at a T-wall or outside corner and illustrating the manner of joining of the base track to the laminated panels in accord with the modular clean room structures for the life sciences of the present invention;

FIG. 13 is an exposed isometric view illustrating the inside corner members and a wall connector enclosing a chase and showing a Unistrut mounting member in the chase in accord with the novel modular clean room structures for the life sciences of the present invention;

FIG. 14 illustrates a (larger) wall connector subassembly usable at T-walls, showing the same in isometric view in FIG. 14A, in front view in FIG. 14B, in side view in FIG. 14C and a section view along the lines A-A of FIG. 14B in FIG. 14D;

FIG. 15 illustrates a (smaller) wall connector subassembly in accord with the present invention illustrating the same in isometric view in FIG. 15A, in front view in FIG. 15B, in side view in FIG. 15C, and as a sectional view along the lines A-A of FIG. 15B in FIG. 15D;

FIG. 16 is an isometric view illustrating the smaller wall connector subassembly joining lateral laminated panel subassemblies in accord with the novel modular clean room structures for the life sciences of the present invention;

FIG. 17 shows a two-piece window frame subassembly of the modular clean room structures of the present invention, illustrating a front view of one piece in FIG. 17A, the right side view thereof in FIG. 17B, a front view of the other piece of the window frame subassembly in FIG. 17C, and the right side view thereof in FIG. 17D;

FIG. 18 shows a window pane subassembly of the modular clean room structures of the present invention, illustrating a front view thereof in FIG. 18A and a side view in FIG. 18B;

FIG. 19 shows an end cap panel subassembly of the modular clean room structures of the present invention, illustrating the front view thereof in FIG. 19A, a top view in FIG. 19B, and in FIG. 19C a detail about the region designated “A” in FIG. 19B;

FIG. 20 illustrates a two-piece batten subassembly of the modular clean room structures of the present invention, illustrating a female batten in FIG. 20A and a male batten in FIG. 20B;

FIG. 21 shows another outside corner panel subassembly of the modular clean room structures of the present invention, also usable as a lamination in accord with the modular clean room laminations of the present invention, illustrating the same in isometric view in FIG. 21A, in top view in FIG. 21B, in front view in FIG. 21C, in side view in FIG. 21D, and, in FIGS. 21E, F, sectional views along the lines A-A and B-B in FIG. 21C;

FIG. 22 shows a wall liner panel subassembly of the modular clean room laminations of the present invention, illustrating the wall liner panel in isometric view in the FIG. 22A, in front view in the FIG. 22B, in right side view in the FIG. 22C, and in the FIG. 22D a sectional view along the line A-A in FIG. 22B;

FIG. 23 shows an inside wainscot corner panel subassembly or component of the modular clean room laminations of the present invention, illustrating the inside corner panel laminations component in isometric view in FIG. 23A, in top view in FIG. 23B, in front view in the FIG. 23C, in side view in the FIG. 23D, and in the FIG. 23E a sectional view along the lines A-A in the FIG. 23C;

FIG. 24 shows an outside wainscot corner panel subassembly component of the modular clean room laminations of the present invention, illustrating the outside corner panel lamination component in isometric view in FIG. 24A, in top view in FIG. 24B, in front view in the FIG. 24C, in side view in the FIG. 24D, and in the FIG. 24E a sectional view along the lines A-A in the FIG. 24C; and

FIG. 25 shows a wainscot wall panel subassembly of the modular clean room laminations of the present invention, illustrating a front view thereof in FIG. 25A, a bottom view in FIG. 25B, the right side view thereof in FIG. 25C, and in the FIG. 25D a detail about the detailed region “A” in the FIG. 25C.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The modular clean room structures for biological sciences and other applications of the present invention enable to provide clean rooms that are modular in design, so that they may be installed, taken down and re-installed as the needs of the situations change, and also enable to provide clean room walls that are easily wipeable to prevent microbe buildup and/or contamination at the corners, floors and ceilings. The modular clean room structures for biological sciences applications of the present invention may be able to support loads or may be non-load bearing. The modules are fastenable to load bearing or non-load bearing structures using seperable fasteners. There are seven principal modular clean room structures in accord with the present invention, namely, a base track, a ceiling track, inside and outside corners, and connector wall sections of preferably two lengths, a larger and a smaller wall connector, as well as a two-piece batten wall connector. The sixth principal component is the preferably laminated, partition wall members themselves. Joints for the base and ceiling tracks are the seventh. Another component is a window frame module. A further component of the modular clean room structures in accord with the present invention is an end cap panel. The base track and the ceiling track have coved surfaces that are easily wipeable. The inside and/or the outside corner subassemblies have coved surfaces that meet with the coved surfaces of the base track and of the ceiling track to provide easily wipeable floor-to-wall, wall-to-ceiling and wall-to-wall surfaces at the interfaces therebetween. The inside and outside corner subassemblies are preferably vacuum-formed and enable to clad-over the corners of rooms and the corners of T-walls. The corner and T-wall subassemblies provide chases in which load bearing members may be used to provide load bearing struts and/or utility wire runs. The wall subassemblies are lightweight laminated structures having a core and skins and the base track and ceiling track subassemblies are preferably extruded. The modules are typically fabricated of standard-sized components and enable to provide rooms having easily wipeable surfaces of any given size in dependence on the number and arrangement of components utilized.

With reference to FIG. 1, the principal structures that may be fabricated in accord with the present invention and joined to provide inside and outside load bearing and non-load bearing clean room environments for the biological or other industries will now be described. As shown in FIG. 1, generally designated at 100 is a schematic plan view illustrating a corner subassembly generally designated 300, a T-wall subassembly generally designated 500 and a wall subassembly generally designated 700. Preferably laminated, partition walls 150 to be described are joined at corners by the corner subassembly 300 that includes insides corner subassembly 350 and outside corner subassembly 400. The preferably laminated, partition walls 150 may also be joined in the manner of a T-wall 500 by inside corners 350 and T-wall member 550 to be described and may be joined by wall sections 700 using wall members 750 to be described.

Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, generally designated at 50 is the base track in accord with the present invention. The base track 50 is used to provide a seamless transition between the floor and the wall panels to be described that are easily wipeable and minimize microbe contamination. The floor track 50 is of standard length, such as 12 feet, and extruded of polyvinyl chloride or other material capable of repeated wiping and able to withstand multiple doses of strong cleaning agents. The base track 50 includes concave sidewalls 52, a top tongue 54, and bottom radius edges 56 that accept caulking. A cross brace 58 provides strength to the base track 50 and divides its hollow interior into upper and lower cavities which may be employed as races for utility wiring or the like. As will be readily appreciated, the concave surfaces 52 provide coves that are easily wipeable. The tongue 54 mates with a groove of a joint member to be described to provide a demountable interface between the base track and the laminated wall panels.

Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, generally designated at 100 is a joining member in accord with the present invention. The joining member 100 is used to attach the base track to the laminated walls at their bottom and to attach the ceiling track to be described to the laminated walls at their top in a manner to be described. The attachment between the laminated walls and base and ceiling tracks may be non-progressive or progressive. The joining number 100 is of standard length, such as 12 ft., and extruded of polyvinyl chloride or other material. The joining member 100 includes a U-shaped member 102, flanges generally designated 104 and grooves generally designated 106 provided along the flange's outer faces. As appears more fully below, the U-shaped member 102 provides a groove that accepts the tongue 54 of the base track 50 (FIGS. 1 and 2) and defines a tongue for the ceiling track in a manner to be described. When laying the base track for non-progressive installations, the groove provided by the U-shaped wall 102 accepts the tongue of the base track and prevents delamination of the laminated sidewalls, not shown. The U-shaped member 102 absorbs wear and tear and provides for repeated re-use of the laminated walls.

Referring now to FIG. 6, generally designated at 150 is a preferably laminated, partition wall panel in accord with the present invention. The laminated panels 150 are preferably of standard length, such as 4 foot by 8 foot panels that are 2 in. thick. Any suitable core material, such as aluminum honeycomb, and foam, and any suitable skins 154, 156, such as of plastic, polyvinyl chloride, or other veneers, may be employed. The laminated panels 150 are provided with a longitudinal cutout 158 along their bottom edges that is adapted to receive the joint 100 (FIGS. 4, 5). As described above, the joint placed into the bottom groove receives the tongue and prevents the laminated panel 150 from delaminating with repeated use.

FIG. 7 is an end isometric view illustrating the base track joint member 100 set in the laminated wall panel. The inset 100 preferably is adhesively bonded into the cut-out provided at the bottom of the laminated panel 150. Partition walls of another structure or fabrication technique may of course be employed.

Generally designated 200 in FIG. 8A is the ceiling track in accord with the present invention. The ceiling track 200 includes an enlarged top member 202 whose sidewalls taper downwardly to provide concave wipeable surfaces 204 at the laminated wall to ceiling interfaces. The concave surfaces 204, or coves, are easily wipeable. A strut 206 provides strength. The strut 206 divides the cavity of the ceiling track 200 to provide utility or other raceways. As for the bottom track, the ceiling track 200 is extruded to standard length, preferably 12 ft., and is fabricated of polyvinyl chloride. The ceiling track 200 is separably attached to the laminated panels 150 by means of the joint 100 as shown in FIG. 8B. The joint 100 in the case of the ceiling track serves as a tongue that mounts in the open mouth generally designated 208 of the ceiling track 206 for progressive installations. The bead line, not show, again accepts caulking to provide a seamless ceiling track to laminated wall interface.

Generally designated at 350 in FIG. 9 is the vacuum-formed inside corner subassembly of the present invention. The inside corner subassembly 350 preferably is vacuum formed of a thermoformable material such as PVC to include an upstanding portion 352 having a C-shape defining an inside corner that terminates in a base 354 that is contoured to match the contours of the concave walls of the base track and the contour of the upstanding C-shaped wall 352. Ridges along the sides of the upstanding member 352 designated generally at 356 are provided for seamless interfacing with laterally adjacent panels at the corner subassembly 300 and/or T-wall subassembly 500 (FIG. 1). The ridges provide joggles in the vacuum-formed monolithic component which helps to rigidify it. The vacuum-formed inside corner subassembly 350 by means of the curvature of the portion 352 and the compound curvature of the portion 354 provides an aseptic condition. The inside corner subassembly may be removably joined by means of separable fasteners, not shown, to the laterally adjacent walls, or heat-welded thereto for progressive installations.

Generally designated at 400 in FIG. 10 is the vacuum-formed outside corner subassembly of the present invention. The outside corner subassembly 400 preferably is vacuum formed of a thermoformable material such as PVC to include an upstanding portion 402 having a C-shape defining an outside corner that terminates in a base 404 that is contoured to match the contours of the concave walls of the ceiling track and the contour of the upstanding C-shaped wall 402. Ridges along the sides of the upstanding member 402 designated generally at 406 are provided for seamless interfacing with laterally adjacent panels at the corner subassembly 300 (FIG. 1). The vacuum-formed outside corner subassembly 400 by means of the curvature of the portion 402 and the compound curvature of the portion 404 provides an aseptic condition. The outside corner subassembly may be removably joined by means of separable fasteners, not shown, to the laterally adjacent walls, or heat-welded thereto for progressive installations.

Top end terminations of compound curvature, not shown, may be provided with the inside and outside corner subassemblies.

FIG. 11 is a sectional view through an outside corner showing the inside and outside corner subassemblies 350, 400 seamlessly joining corner walls provided by laminated panels 150. Post base 600 and Unistrut 602 are shown in the chase between the inner and outer subassemblies 350, 400. The post base 600 preferably includes a bottom and a preferably 6 inch post of stainless steel or other metal or material upstanding therefrom. The Unistrut 602 is slidably received over the post of the base 600 and self-aligns thereupon. Any suitable means such as bolt holes may be provided for anchoring the post base 600 to the floor. In this manner, corner, T-wall and wall subassemblies of the present invention are able to support load-bearing Unistruts or other load bearing members in the chases provided thereby, in which utility and other such cables or ducts and the like can be run.

FIG. 12 is an isometric view showing an inside corner 350 either at a T-wall or outside corner and illustrating the manner of joining of the base track 50 to the laminated panels 150 via the joining member 100.

FIG. 13 is an exposed isometric view illustrating the inside corner members 350 and a wall connector 550 to be described. Inside the chase provided thereby, Unistruts 602 placed at the three corners of the chase are mounted on post bases 600. The inside corner subassemblies 350 seamlessly join with the laminated walls 150 forming the T-wall juncture. Again, they may be heat-welded to the skins of the laminated panels 150 or separable fasteners, not shown, may be provided.

Generally designated at 550 in FIG. 14 is the larger panel connector subassembly of the present invention. The member 550 is preferably of standard dimensions and is vacuum-formed of a thermoformable PVC plastic or other material with an upstanding portion 552 that terminates in a foot portion 554 that is contoured to match the contour of the base track. A contoured head portion of compound curvature, not shown, may be provided. The edges of the panel 550 are provided with ridges generally designated 556 that allow seamless joining with adjacent laminated panels and therewith provide rigidity imparting joggles. Separable fasteners, not shown, may be employed or the edges may be heat-welded.

Generally designated at 750 in FIG. 15 is the smaller panel connector subassembly of the present invention. The member 750 is preferably of standard dimensions and is vacuum-formed of a thermoformable PVC plastic or other material with an upstanding portion 752 that terminates in a foot portion 754 that is contoured to match the contour of the base track. A contoured head portion of compound curvature, not shown, may be provided. The edges of the panel 750 are provided with ridges generally designated 756 that allow seamless joining with adjacent laminated panels. Separable fasteners, not shown, may be employed or the edges may be heat-welded.

FIG. 16 is an isometric view illustrating the smaller wall connector 750 subassembly Joining lateral laminated panel subassemblies 150 in accord with the present invention.

With reference to FIG. 17 the window frame subassembly in accord with the modular clean room structures of the present invention will now be described. The window frame subassembly is used to provide easily wipeable window openings in apertures provided therefor in the partition wall subassemblies that minimize microbe contamination. The window frame subassembly includes frame members 800, 840 having sashes 810, 850 and mounting flanges 820, 860 that surround glazing member receiving apertures generally designated 830, 870. Separable fasteners, not shown, are preferably employed between the mounting flanges 820, 860 and the confronting surfaces of the partition wall, not shown, to mount the frame members 800, 840 to opposing surfaces of the partition wall, which capture a glazing member subassembly generally designated 900 (FIG. 18) between the window sashes 810, 850 thereof. The separable fasteners provide an emergency release hatch function. Alternately, one or both of the frame member's mounting flanges may be bonded to the confronting surfaces of the apertured partition wall. The frame members 800, 840 are fabricated by vacuum forming any suitable thermoplastic material capable of repeated wiping and able to withstand multiple doses of strong cleaning agents such as PVC. The glazing member subassembly 900 may be of any size or shape and may be, for example, one fourth inch thick tempered glass or Plexiglas or other transparent material.

Referring now to FIG. 19, generally designated at 950 is an end cap panel subassembly of the modular clean room structures in accord with the present invention. The end cap panel subassembly 950 is used to provide a protective termination of any exposed partition walls. The subassembly 950 is preferably vacuum formed of a thermoplastic material to be as thick and tall as the partition wall subassembly, and may be trimmed to different sizes. It includes a concave foot 952 that conforms to the curvature of the base track subassembly and a non-progressive top end generally designated 954. A concave top end, not shown, for progressive installations may be employed. In addition to protecting the otherwise exposed end of the laminated partition wall, the surface thereof is easily wipeable to prevent microbe built-up. Rolled radius trim edge 956 provides for ease of wipeability.

FIG. 20 depicts a two-piece batten subassembly used to connect laterally adjacent partition walls, the female batten is designated generally at 1000 in the FIG. 20A and the male batten is designated generally at 1030 in the FIG. 20B. The female batten 1000 includes a mushroom-shaped head having an easily wipeable convex surface 1010 that serves to span over and thus join the laterally adjacent partition walls and a serrated female member generally designated 1020 that is received in the interstice between laterally adjacent partition walls. The male batten 1030 similarly includes a mushroom-shaped head having an easily wipeable concave surface 1010 likewise serving to span over and join laterally adjacent partition walls and a serrated male member generally designated 1040 that is received in and captured by the serrated female member 1020 of the female batten 1000. The female and male battens 1000, 1030 are as tall as the partition walls; the female member 1020 of the female batten 1000 is as deep as the preferably laminated, partition walls are thick. Preferably, the two-piece batten subassembly is vacuum-formed of PVC and may be trimmed to length.

Generally designated at 1050 in FIG. 21 is another embodiment of the vacuum-formed outside corner subassembly of the modular clean room structures of the present invention, which is also usable as a lamination component of the modular clean room laminations of the present invention. The outside corner subassembly 1050 preferably is vacuum formed of a thermoformable material such as PVC to include an upstanding portion 1052 having a V-shape defining an outside corner that terminates in a base 1054 that is contoured to match the contours of the concave walls of the base track. The V-shape makes the subassembly useable as a lamination at the outside corner of walls, not shown, to be clad-over as well as a constituent part of corner subassemblies made up of structural modules. Ridges along the sides of the upstanding member 1052 designated generally at 1056 are provided for seamless interfacing with laterally adjacent panels or other wall structures or lamination components of the present invention. The vacuum-formed outside corner subassembly 1050 by means of the curvature of the portion 1054 and the edge of the portion 1052 provides an aseptic condition. The outside corner subassembly may be removably joined by means of separable fasteners, not shown, to the laterally adjacent walls, or heat-welded thereto for progressive installations; likewise, separable fasteners, or heat-welds, may be used to join it to laterally adjacent lamination components to be described. A horizontal flange 1058 is provided to help rigidify the component. The subassembly 1050 preferably is sized to a standard size wall and is trimable as desired.

Top end termination of curvature matching the curvature of the ceiling track, not shown, may be provided.

The clean room laminations for biological sciences and other applications of the present invention are modular in design, so that they may be installed as cladding to walls (either newly constructed or already in place according to the needs of the application's situation), to provide aseptic surfaces that are easily wipeable to prevent microbe buildup and/or contamination at walls and inside and outside corners both of full and wainscot sizes. The modular clean room laminations for biological sciences and other applications of the present invention are usable alone as cladding and are interoperable with the modular clean room structures described hereinabove, which makes the laminations and structures very versatile and renders them capable of accommodating the needs of a very wide range of application's situations. There are three principal laminations in accord with the present invention, namely, a wall liner lamination, and inside and outside corner laminations, which preferably are fashioned in two sizes, either as a standard wall or wainscot wall. These laminations each include coved, easily wipeable surfaces that conform to the coved surfaces of the modular clean room structures in accord with the present invention. The lamination modules are preferably vacuum-formed of thermoplastic material, such as PVC, in standard sized, trimable monolithic, homogenous components that enable to provide easily wipeable surfaces when clad to walls or used together with the modular clean room structures in accord with the present invention.

Referring now to FIG. 22, generally designated at 1100 is the monolithic full-size wall liner panel lamination in accord with the present invention preferably fabricated by vacuum forming of PVC material and that may be trimmed to fit. The wall liner panel lamination 1100 includes a generally planar upstanding wall-covering portion 1102 that terminates in a coved foot or base 1104 whose curvature matches that of the other laminations or structures herein described so that it is usable therewith while being easily wipeable. The base 1104 preferably includes a generally-horizontal inwardly directed flange 1106 that helps to impart rigidity to the liner panel 1100. The edges are radiused as shown at 1108 to provide a butt joint that is easy to heat-weld or caulk.

Generally designated at 1150 in FIG. 23 is a vacuum-formed inside corner wainscot lamination of the present invention. The inside corner lamination 1150 preferably is vacuum formed of a thermoformable material such as rigid PVC to include an upstanding portion 1152 having a C-shape defining an inside corner that terminates in the base 1154 having a concave cove that is contoured to match the contours of the concave walls of the wall liner panel lamination and of the base track subassembly described hereinabove and the contour of the upstanding C-shape wall 1152. Ridges along the sides of the outstanding member 1152 designated generally at 1156 provide seamless interfacing with laterally adjacent wall liner panel laminations (or other structures) in accord with the present invention. A triangular-shape top wall 1158 is provided to close off the wedge that otherwise would be defined at the inside corner of the wall to be clad. The vacuum-formed inside corner subassembly 1150 by means of the curvature of the portion 1152 and the compound curvature of the portion 1154 provides an aseptic condition. A flange 1160 helps provide rigidity. The inside corner subassembly may be removably joined by means of separable fasteners, not shown, to laterally adjacent laminations (or other structures) or heat-welded or otherwise bonded thereto.

Generally designated at 1200 in FIG. 24 is the vacuum-formed outside corner wainscot lamination of the present invention. The outside corner wainscot lamination 1200 preferably is vacuum formed of a thermoformable material such as rigid PVC to include an upstanding portion 1202 having a rounded bull nose outside corner edge that terminates in a base 1204 having a concave cove that is contoured to match the contours of the concave walls of the wall liner panel lamination and of the base track subassembly described hereinabove and the contour of the rounded bull nose outside corner edge of the upstanding wall 1202. Ridges along the sides of the outstanding member 1202 designated generally at 1206 provide seamless interfacing with laterally adjacent wall liner panel laminations (or other structures) in accord with the present invention. The joggle of the ridges imparts rigidity. An inwardly extending generally horizontal flange 1208 along the base 1204 helps to provide the outside corner wainscot panel lamination 1200 with rigidity. The vacuum-formed outside corner subassembly 1200 by means of the curvature of the portion 1202 and the compound curvature of the portion 1204 provides an aseptic condition. The outside corner subassembly may be removably joined by means of separable fasteners, not shown, to laterally adjacent laminations (or other structures) or heat-welded or otherwise bonded thereto.

Referring now to FIG. 25, generally designated at 1250 is the liner wainscot panel lamination in accord with the present invention. Preferably, it is fabricated by vacuum forming, preferably 20 in. or 40 in. wainscot sizes corresponding to that of the inside and outside wainscot corner laminations described above. Of course, any suitable wainscot size for the liner wainscot panel and inside and outside wainscot corner panel laminations may be employed. The wall liner wainscot panel lamination 1250 includes a generally planar upstanding wall-covering portion 1252 that terminates in a coved foot or base 1254 whose curvature matches that of the other laminations or structures herein described so that it is usable therewith while being easily wipeable. The top edge is radiused as shown at 1256 to provide for ease of wipeability.

Many modifications of the presently disclosed invention will become apparent as the invention becomes better appreciated by reference to the instant disclosure so that it will be understood that many equivalents, modifications and variations will be able to have been made by those of skill in the art who have had the benefit of the instant disclosure.