Title:
Pressurized device for toilets
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The pressurized device is to prevent water leaks and excessive waste of water in use of the sanitary toilets. This pressurized device works on the principle of hydraulic pressures. It minimizes the costs associated with maintenance and repairs and water usage.



Inventors:
Flores Leija, Hugo Arturo (Monterrey, MX)
Application Number:
11/497137
Publication Date:
02/08/2007
Filing Date:
08/01/2006
Assignee:
Rivadeneyra, Natal (DAYTON, TX, US)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E03D1/36
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Primary Examiner:
YOUNKINS, KAREN L
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Arturo Azuara Flores (Pharr, TX, US)
Claims:
Having fully described my invention, I consider a novelty and I claim my exclusive property rights, in the following paragraphs:

1. Pressurized Device for Toilets characterized by being a central cylindrical structure that rests on a cylindrical reserve with a discharge line in the center and a choke with guided fasteners that intervene, the central cylindrical structure inside contains in one end a float and the opposite end a choke, this structure is fastened to a second cylindrical structure of smaller dimensions, that controls the water level that comes into the water tank, inside has a choke with a rod that goes thru it and an the other opposite end is connected with a float, it has a relief valve and a water fill line, having these components of any form, size, and conventional material that adequate to the size of the water tank.

2. The pressurized device for toilets as indicated in claim 1, is characterized for its central structure that can be cylindrical or any other geometric configuration that has in its interior a rod with a float in upper end and passes thru the pressurized chamber that is attached to a choke, the structure is fastened to a the lower part of roof of similar structure form and lower height that is characterized as a pressurized chamber that has an opening in the structural wall to make the water flow pass thru connected to a line that regulates the water level. All the central structure is rested on a circular reserve.

3. Pressurized Device for Toilets as claim 1, characterized by the structure of the discharge of the water tank, is constituted by a circular reserve with a line in the center and openings in semicircular form located around the water line, around the exterior edge of the openings a small circular elevation which rests the choke that closes the communication between the water tank and the toilet bowl, this is because it rests between two circular rings, in the circumference of the reserve the fasteners are located connecting this structure and the central structure.

4. Pressurized Device for toilets as indicated in claim 1, characterized by the relief valve, it consists of a central piston, in the interior part a conical shape, which has vertical grooves in the walls of the sleeve where the piston runs thru (they function as water channels). It has a compression spring, attached to the fastener that comes out from the piston that allows to open and close the valve, this valve is located in the line and the pressurized device for toilets and it can have one or two ways to communicate with the device. When trigger, simultaneously closes the water coming into the tank and opens the discharge exit to depressurize the device.

5. Pressurized Device for toilets as claim 1, characterized at the time to pressurize the device and after the discharge to the toilet bowl, creates a difference in the water levels, that at the time of releasing the relief valve and eliminate the pressure we can capitalize this difference in the water levels so that it will raise the choke due to the different pressures.

6. Pressurized Device for Toilets as claim 1, characterized by a specific water deposit that is going to be part of the toilet bowl and it is combined with a disinfectant tablet or any other disinfectant, thus eliminating waste as far as the use of the tablet only for the toilet bowl.

7. Pressurized Device for toilets as claim 1, characterized for the structures that can be fastened or attached by different dimensions and materials.

Description:

La current invention, according to the description of this present invention as it is expressed in the one enunciated of this descriptive memory refers to a device pressurized for adaptive toilets for all type of tanks in order to obtain various remarkable advantages in respect to other existent means with the same objective.

BACKGROUND

Due to the high cost and the difficulty to supply the large cities, the water supply systems are an important priority. One of the most significant means of wasting water is in the use of toilets and cisterns (water storage tanks)

The current devices controlling or regulating the filling of the cisterns, or toilet tanks are getting obsolete because they are not efficient enough to maintain the control in filling and preventing leaks, water savings becomes very important.

These devices are a small cistern or toilet tanks that have a valve that closes with its own weight adjusting a rubber ring on top of the water discharge drain. This rubber ring sits on a tube (normally PVC) that is triggered by a handle to discharge or unload the water. This tube is directly connected to the toilet for discharge and the water level can overflow if there is a defect or the valve is not working properly.

The filling of the water tank is made of a mechanical systems that is based on Pascal's Principle, (the fluids transport pressures that they receive). The system works by 5 elements; the filling cycle starts with the water refill line that is connected to the first element, floating device that controls the amount of water entering into the tank, when the water reaches the maximum level of the floating device, this raises the float and closes the water flow, at the same time a portion of the water feeds the second element with the float, that regulates the water going into the toilet bowl, same as the first, the water reaches the limit level, the float closes the water refill line, this amount of water goes into the toilet bowl thru the flush valve with the same pressure as when it was in the tank which prevents water leaks and saving water. We can mention a similar device as the water saving device that works in principle similar but in a different manner.

INVENTION SUMMARY

The conventional vacuum and filling of the cisterns and toilet tanks have demonstrated thru the passage of time that they have large deficiencies because the functioning is temporary, due to the materials and the system used that is not the best to contained the water pressure the produces leaks and malfunctioning of its components, which generates extra expenses. The purpose of the this pressurized device for toilets tanks is to prevent water leaks and excessive waste of water, providing a better efficiency with a similar cost and increased savings. This pressurized device works on the principle of hydraulic pressures.

PRESSURIZED DEVICE FOR TOILETS DESCRIPTION

Next, a description of the elements and the functioning of this pressurized device for toilets follows. To explain better, the drawings are detailed with numbers as reference to indicate the parts and the figures shown.

FIG. 1 shows a general perspective in exploited isometric the pressurized device presented in the order that are assembled with all the accessories that are part of this pressurized device for toilets.

FIG. 2 shows the perspective of the relief valve and the water line that is part of the pressurized device for toilets.

FIG. 3 shows the. perspective of the filling module of the water tank that is part to the pressurized device for toilets.

FIG. 4 shows the perspective of the pressurized module and the water deposit that is part of the pressurized device for toilets.

FIG. 5 shows the perspective of discharge module from the water tank to the toilet bowl that is part of the pressurized device for toilets.

FIG. 6 shows the perspective of the whole system and the distribution in the water tank that is part of the pressurized device for toilets.

FIG. 7 shows the perspective of the relief valve and its two modalities, with one exit communicating to the device and the other function for a reduced discharge.

Taking the above figures as reference, the pressurized device for toilets has 5 modules, each one with its own components, the module to connect to the water tank (No 2), that consists of a water line the feeds the water tank, the module of relief valve (No. 1), consists in a device when triggered manually releases pressure from the pressurized chamber, when opening an exit to liberate the water contained in the pressurization camera, the module of the one filled of the toilet tank FIG. 3, that this formed by a recipient with threaded cylindrical (No. 13) cover that contains a sheet circular (No. 9) with 5 holes inside, 4 of them set circularly at 90 degrees and one at center, a choke (No. 11) with a seal (No. 10) with a diameter necessary to cover all 5 holes performed in the circular sheet both attached by a rod (No 5) that goes thru the central opening, at the other extreme of the rod there is a cylindrical float (No. 6); the pressurized module and the toilet bowl FIG. 4, consists of a cylindrical receptacle (No. 14), connected by the inferior side of the roof of a second cylindrical structure of smaller height (No. 15), with a opening hole for the passage of water (No. 13) that connects it with water line to the module of the toilet tank FIG. 3, in the center of the roof has a lower circular elevation with 5 holes in the superior part, 4 of them spaced cylindrical at 90 degrees each, one at the center and a sixth with smaller diameter in the wall that has the elevation (No. 31) that connects the exit conduit toward the toilet bowl, in the inferior part of this structure we find a series of perforations (No. 28) for the fasteners that will attached to the module FIG. 4 and the module FIG. 5, inside of both structures a rod (No. 5) that passes thru the central hole of the elevation and the lower part has choke (No. 17) which is circular sheet with seal with a diameter enough to seal all 5 holes from the superior side of the elevation and on the opposite side holds a float (No. 6), the module of the water tank discharge consists of circular reserve with holes that act as “openings” (No. 29) for the water access towards the center (No. 27) of the reserve which has perforations located around the reserve for the fasteners that will make the connection with this module and the anterior pressurized device with the toilet bowl FIG. 4, around the exterior edge of the openings, a small elevation (No. 30) is located where the round choke with the seal, which has 3 small fasteners or rods (No. 21) that rest on the openings so that the choke can move uniformly up and down and does not get jammed (no. 19, and 20), the diameter is big enough to cover the openings and prevent the access of water, when the choke rests on the openings, the pipe that is inside the center of the reserve has an perforation in the wall (No. 31) that connects with the conduit discharge to the toilet bowl from the pressurized device and the toilet bowl FIG. 4, and also it has a section that is threaded in the lower section, and a border (No. 24) that serves as rest for the toilet tank, in the threaded section a fastener with a seal (No. 25) followed by a nut (No. 26) to secure the water tank to the toilet.

The operation of the pressurized device for toilets is a follows:

The water starts to flow from the potable water line to the feed line FIG. 2 that is a water line connects toward the wall of the toilet water tank (No. 12) by a conduit (No. 13), where the water starts to come out from the 4 holes of the circular sheet from the superior wall inside the cylindrical structure (No. 9) from the module of filling the water tank, while this happens, water from the water tank goes to the pressurized device and the toilet bowl FIG. 4 by the opening in each of the walls from both modules that are attached by a conduit (No. 13), the water starts to accumulate in the first cylindrical structure (No. 15) that is part of the pressurized device and the toilet bowl which has less capacity, as the water level increases in the chamber, the water starts to go into the second cylindrical structure (No. 14) the correspond to the deposit of the toilet bowl, by the 4 openings elevated cylindrical located between the first and second cylindrical structures that are part of the pressurized device and the toilet bowl, when the water level is sufficient in the toilet water tank and the toilet bowl, the water level raises the floats (No. 6) which in turn they raise the chokes (No. 10, 17) toward the openings for water discharge, closing and stopping the flow of water to the water tank and the system, at these moments the liquid in the toilet bowl is displaced by gravity (No. 31), it is worth to mention, in the center a disinfectant tablet with pigmented residues combines with the water that goes into the toilet bowl in very time of the operation of the pressurized device. Once the toilet bowl is discharged the pressurized device is ready to operate the relief valve, which will raise the pressure of the device, accomplishing simultaneously the action of shutting off the flow of water that is coming into the toilet tank and via exit the pressure of the device. The discharge module FIG. 5, has a circular reserve(No. 23) with openings (no. 29) to access the water, with a pipe located in the center (No. 27), underneath the pressurized device and the toilet bowl and is connected by fasteners (No. 28) located around the circumference of the reserve, on the openings and the discharge line rests the choke with seal (No. 19,20) that prevents the discharge to the toilet bowl, this choke prevents the water exit towards the toilet bowl, while the first cylindrical structure (No. 15) of the pressurized device and toilet bowl has water that exercise pressure on this and only by relieving the pressure manually of the relief valve (No. 1) will release the pressure in this space, causing the float (No. 17) to open and secondly, after these events we will have two different water levels, one in the pressurized device and a larger one in the water tank, making the water to go into the openings (No. 29) lifting the choke (No. 19) and connecting the water with the discharge line (No. 27) of the water tank to the toilet bowl.