Title:
Pumping unit driven by a linear electric motor
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The present invention disclose a pumping unit driven by a linear motor, comprising a guide rail support in the form of a frame structure, a mover of the linear motor provided with slide blocks, said slide blocks engages guide slide ways used for said mover and mounted on inner sides of said guide rail support, six stators of the linear motor, said stators are mounted on inner sides of said guide rail support, a chain wheel disposed at the top of said guide rail support, a chain, said chain is connected to an upper end of said mover of the linear motor at one end, passes said chain wheel and is then connected to a pumping slick rod of a wellhead device at the other end thereof, a counterweight, and a counterweight chain, said counterweight chain is connected to a lower end of said mover at one end, passes a bottom chain wheel disposed at the bottom of the guide rail support and a top chain wheel disposed at the top of the guide rail support sequentially and is then connected to said counterweight at the other end thereof. Since the pumping unit is disposed at a side of the wellhead, it is convenient for operations and eliminates possibility of occurring of accident without changing the original wellhead.



Inventors:
Zhou, Xiaoxi (Rengiu, CN)
Application Number:
10/469112
Publication Date:
10/19/2006
Filing Date:
02/25/2002
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F04B35/04; E21B43/12; F04B17/04; F04B47/02; F04B47/14
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
LETTMAN, BRYAN MATTHEW
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LEONARD TACHNER, A PROFESSIONAL LAW (IRVINE, CA, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A pumping unit driven by a linear motor, comprising: a guide rail support in the form of a frame structure; a mover of the linear motor provided with slide blocks, said slide blocks engages guide slide ways used for said mover and mounted on inner sides of said guide rail support; stators of the linear motor, said stators are mounted on inner sides of said guide rail support; a chain wheel disposed at the top of said guide rail support; a chain, said chain is connected to an upper end of said mover of the linear motor at one end, passes said chain wheel and is then connected to a pumping slick rod of a wellhead device at the other end thereof; a counterweight; and a counterweight chain, said counterweight chain is connected to a lower end of said mover at one end, passes a bottom chain wheel disposed at the bottom of the guide rail support and a top chain wheel disposed at the top of the guide rail support sequentially and is then connected to said counterweight at the other end thereof.

2. The pumping unit driven by a linear motor according to the claim 1, wherein said chain wheel, said bottom chain wheel and said top chain wheel are replaced by pulleys, and said chain and counterweight chain are replaced by wire ropes accordingly.

3. The pumping unit driven by a linear motor according to the claim 1 or 2, wherein said slide blocks of said mover of the linear motor used for engaging said slide ways are rollers.

Description:

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application relates to and claims priority from PCT/CN02/00111 filed Feb. 25, 2002 and parent Application Serial No. 01204055.X filed Feb. 26, 2001.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention generally relates to a pumping unit, more particularly to an oil well pumping unit disposed on the ground and driven by a linear motor.

BACKGROUND ART

Presently, most of oil well pumping units are driven by a rotating motor vie a speed reducer and a conversion device for converting rotary movement into linear movement, thereby driving the pumping slick rod and the pumping rod to reciprocate up and down and driving the downhole oil extraction pump to extract oil. The pumping unit driven by a rotating motor is large in volume, complex in structure and high in electrical energy consumption. The Chinese Utility Model No. 96217 638.9 disclosed a pumping unit driven by a linear motor. The technical scheme of the Utility Model is that the linear motor is connected to and drives the pumping rod and the oil extraction pump, and the speed reducer and the conversion device for converting rotary movement into linear movement are omitted, thus eliminating the disadvantages of the conventional pump unit such as large volume, complex structure and high energy consumption. This pumping unit is advantageous because it is driven by a linear motor. The pumping unit comprises a downhole oil extraction pump, a pumping rod, a driving device, a headframe and a counterweight. A linear motor is used as the driving device, stators of the linear motor together with longitudinal limit posts are fixed on the wellhead device, positioning blocks are fixed to an upper end and a lower end of the mover of the linear motor, the mover is slidably against to the side longitudinal limit posts, buffer springs are fixed to the wellhead device and the limit posts respectively. The mover of the motor is hollow inside, and the pumping rod passes through the center of the mover. The pumping rod together with a clipping seat is fixed to the mover of the linear motor. The headframe is provided with pulleys of a weight-balancing device. A wire rope is connected to the clipping seat and the counterweight at both ends thereof via the pulleys. Since stators of the linear motor together with the limit posts are fixed above the wellhead device, many inevitable disadvantages in the pump unit are as follows:

1. Vibration generates while the mover of the linear motor reciprocates up and down, thus causing the pumping unit to vibrate with the linear motor. The stators of the linear motor and the limit posts are fixed to the wellhead device, the mover of the linear motor causes the wellhead device to vibrate while it moves, thus causing leakage of crude oil and natural gas from the wellhead device. Even if the leakage of the crude oil and the natural gas is not caused by the vibration, it generally occurs, during the mechanical pumping of the oil. If leakage of the natural gas occurs, since the linear motor is fixed above the wellhead device, the leaked natural gas will enter the linear motor directly, thus causing potential safety hazard. 2. The linear motor is fixed above the wellhead device so that it occupies a space around the wellhead, operations such as replacement of the packing set box and the packing set will become difficult. 3. The linear motor is fixed above the wellhead device, the vibration of the motor causes the downhole casing connected to wellhead device to vibrate and deform. 4. The linear motor is fixed above the wellhead device which can not endure the higher outside pressure. If the linear motor is fixed above the wellhead, a wellhead device which can endure higher outside pressure should be designed renewedly to match the linear motor, this will increase the cost of the pumping unit.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to move the linear motor away from the wellhead device so as to resolve the above problems, i.e. the potential safety hazard occurs when the natural gas leaks; the linear motor occupies much space around wellhead because it is fixed above the wellhead device, thus causing many operations difficult; the linear motor causes the down hole casing to vibrate. In addition, the wellhead device can endure higher outside pressure without changing the original wellhead device in site. The headframe is replaced by a guide rail support of the linear motor.

The object is accomplished by providing a pumping unit driven by a linear motor, comprising a guide rail support, a mover of the linear motor, stators of the linear motor, a chain, chain wheel and a counterweight, the guide rail support is in the form of a frame structure, stators of the linear motor are mounted on inner sides of the guide rail support, and guide slide-ways used for the mover of the linear motor are fixed on inner sides of the guide rail support. The mover of the linear motor is provided with slide blocks engaging with the guide slide ways. The chain wheel is disposed on the top of the guide rail support. The chain passes the chain wheel and is connected to the mover of the linear motor at one end and connected to a pumping slick rod of the wellhead device at the other end thereof. A counterweight chain is connected to a lower end of the mover of the linear motor at one end, passes a bottom chain wheel disposed at the bottom of the guide rail support and a top chain wheel disposed at the top of the guide rail support sequentially, and is then connected to a counterweight at the other end thereof.

In another embodiment of the present invention, pulleys can replace the chain wheels respectively and the chains can be replaced by wire ropes accordingly.

The advantages of the present invention are as follows: an upper end of the mover of the linear motor is connected to one end of the chain, the chain passes the chain wheel and is connected to the pumping slick rod at the other end thereof. The wellhead device and the pumping slick rod are away from the linear motor, and the linear motor is moved away from the above of the wellhead, when leakage of the natural gas occurs, the leaked natural gas can not enter the linear motor directly, thus eliminating the potential safety hazard. The linear motor is not disposed above the wellhead device, and the original wellhead device can be used, so that it is still convenient for a worker to operate around the wellhead by comparison with the pumping unit driven by a rotating motor in the prior art. In addition, even if the linear motor generates vibration during operating, the downhole casing will not be affected and the wellhead device can endure high pressure. The structure of the pumping unit driven by a linear motor is also simplified by replacing the headframe by the guide rail support of the linear motor.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS OF THE INVENTION

These and/or other advantages of the present invention will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompany drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of a pumping unit driven by a linear motor according to an embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 1 shows a structure of the pumping unit driven by a linear motor according to an embodiment of the present invention. A wellhead device 1 and a pumping slick rod 2 are necessary for an oil well, their detailed descriptions are omitted because they are substantially identical with that in prior art. In FIG. 1, reference numerical 3 denotes a chain, 4 denotes a chain wheel, 5 denotes a top chain wheel, 6 denotes a counterweight chain, 7 denotes a counterweight, 8 denotes a mover of the linear motor, 9 denote stators of the linear motor, 10 denotes a bottom chain wheel disposed at bottom of the guide rail support, and 11 denotes a guide rail support.

The structure of the present invention is explained in detail with reference to embodiments taken in conjunction with the drawing as follows.

Embodiment 1

The guide rail support 11 of the pumping unit driven by a linear motor is formed by two channel beams, between the channel beams are provided with crossbeams, thus forming a frame structure. The frame structure can be formed by the channel beams and the crossbeams through welding or screwed connection. In order to improve stability of the frame structure, the guide rail support can be formed by flanged beams and steel plates instead of the channel beams and the crossbeams through welding. Four guide slide ways formed by angle bars through welding are provided on inner sides of the guide rail support. The guide slide ways are used for controlling sliding movement of the mover 8 of the linear motor, the mover 8 is connected to one end of the counterweight chain 6 at a lower end thereof, and the counterweight chain 6 passes a bottom chain wheel 10 disposed at the bottom of the guide rail support and a top chain wheel 5 disposed at the top of the support sequentially and is then connected to the counterweight 7 at the other end thereof. The counterweight 7 should be selected to meet the requirements of the oil well.

Embodiment 2

The guide rail support 11 of the pumping unit driven by a linear motor in the embodiment 2 is substantially identical with that in the embodiment 1, except for the following aspects: there are two pulleys 4 at the top of the guide rail support 11, the diameter of the pulleys is 500 mm, the chain 3 is replaced by a wire rope 3 whose diameter is 25 mm, and the counterweight chain 6 is also replaced by a counterweight wire rope 6. One end of the counter weight wire rope 6 is connected to a lower end of the mover 8 of the linear motor, and the other end thereof passes the bottom chain wheel 10 disposed at bottom of the guide rail support and the top chain wheel 5 disposed at top of the support sequentially and is then connected to the counterweight 7. In other words, in the embodiment 2, the chain and the counterweight chain in the embodiment 1 are replaced by wire ropes, and the chain wheel, the bottom chain wheel and the top chain wheel in the embodiment 1 are replaced by pulleys accordingly. Of course, only the chain and chain wheel can be replaced by wire rope and pulley respectively, and the counterweight chain and the bottom and top chain wheels are not changed, vice versa. In any case, the effect of the present invention will not be affected.