Title:
System for preventing the deformation of sails, such as jibs, which are mounted on reels
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A system for preventing the deformation of sails, such as jibs, which are mounted on reels. The inventive system includes elements (14; 20) which are designed to produce a complementary volume at the centre of the reel. The sail which is mounted on the reel cannot be deformed by compression around the reel and parallel to the hoist thereof. The sail is made from a fabric having transverse and longitudinal fibres (18, 18′), which is resistant to compression and to local buckling. The fabric is disposed between two films (17, 17′) of tight weave fabric and the assembly is subsequently glued.



Inventors:
Finot, Jean-marie (Jouy-en-Josas, FR)
Application Number:
10/537664
Publication Date:
08/24/2006
Filing Date:
02/05/2003
Primary Class:
International Classes:
B63H9/04; B63H9/06; B63H9/10
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:
20030007839Strake receptor for a pipeJanuary, 2003Brown
20060102061BUOY FOR BUILDING A FLOATING PLATFORMMay, 2006Tsou
20080041296Deck configuration for ocean bottom seismometer launch platformsFebruary, 2008Thompson et al.
20040103839Access opening and ramp for boatsJune, 2004Fleming
20020092456Dynamically positioned semi-submersible vesselJuly, 2002Begnaud et al.
20090139440SUBMARINE ESCAPE SUITJune, 2009Prendergast et al.
20050279268Steerable hydrofoilDecember, 2005Storteig et al.
20050051075Boat hullMarch, 2005Buzzi
20040244668Small boat stowage system and skeg assembly for boatsDecember, 2004Compton
20090159625Equipment rack for boatsJune, 2009Pearce
20100071607SHIP WITH A SPECIAL LOWER LEVELMarch, 2010Konstantinovskiy



Primary Examiner:
SOTELO, JESUS D
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NIXON & VANDERHYE, PC (ARLINGTON, VA, US)
Claims:
1. A system for preventing the deformation of sails, such as jibs in particular, which are mounted on reels, comprising means (14; 20) designed to fashion an additional volume in the central part of the reel, characterized in that the sail mounted on said reel is non-deformable in compression around the reel and parallel to its hoist side, and in that it is produced from a fabric comprising transverse and longitudinal fibers (18, 18′) resistive to compression and local buckling, this fabric being incorporated between two films (17, 17′) of fine fabric, the whole then being bonded.

2. The system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said films (17, 17′) of fine fabric are films of ethylene glycol polyterephthalate.

3. The system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the means designed to fashion an additional volume in the central part of the reel consists of a biconical reel (14), possibly reinforced for torsion.

4. The system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the sail comprises slats (16) stitched into it, parallel to its hoist side.

5. The system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said reel is protected by a fairing (22) forming an aerofoil.

6. The system as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that this fairing (22) may be of cylindrical, conical or biconical shape.

7. The system as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that said fairing (22) comprises, on its inside, a protruding part in the form of a spoiler (23) which presses against the sail (21).

8. The system as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that said fairing (22) comprises, on its inside, a protruding part in the form of a spoiler (23) which presses against the sail (21).

Description:

The present invention relates to a system designed to prevent the deformation of sails, particularly jibs, mounted on reels.

It is known that the jibs which are mounted on reels pose a basic problem, when they are being used with a view to reducing the area of the sail, particularly when this sail is half rolled up.

In such a case (see FIG. 1 of the attached drawings), the sail is rolled up more or less flat onto the cylinder of which the reel 10 is formed, and the fabric bunches up towards the center, the belly of the sail fabric then tending to accumulate in the remaining sail, forming a pocket 12. Furthermore, the deformation of the sail and the tension in the leeches and foot tend to cause the sail to wrinkle on its reel, and this has the effect of accentuating the pocket, deforming the sail still further.

Such deformations, aside from their disadvantage from an esthetic standpoint, result in a loss of performance of the sail, the area of which has been reduced.

The problem that the present invention sets out to solve is of ensuring that, for a given strength of wind, the sail, the area of which has been reduced by rolling up, is adjusted in terms of area, as in a conventional reel solution, but also has the shape and deformation needed for the forces required by the pressure of the wind.

The solution to this problem is provided, according to the invention, by a system for preventing the deformation of sails, such as jibs in particular, which are mounted on reels, comprising means designed to fashion an additional volume in the central part of the reel, characterized in that the sail mounted on said reel is non-deformable in compression around the reel and parallel to its hoist side, and in that it is produced from a fabric comprising transverse and longitudinal fibers resistive to compression and local buckling, this fabric being incorporated between two films of fine fabric, the whole then being bonded.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, said films of fine fabric are films of ethylene glycol polyterephthalate.

According to another aspect of the invention, the means designed to fashion an additional volume in the central part of the reel consists of additional slats or additional fibers in the sail that is to be rolled up, and which form, when the sail is rolled up onto a cylindrical reel, said additional volume.

According to another embodiment of the present invention, the means designed to fashion an additional volume in the central part of the reel consists of a biconical reel, possibly reinforced for torsion.

According to yet another feature of the present invention, the reel is protected by a fairing forming an aerofoil, it being possible for this fairing to be cylindrical, conical or biconical. It may comprise, on its inside, a protruding part in the form of a spoiler which presses against the sail.

Other features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the description given hereinafter, with reference to the attached drawings which illustrate entirely nonlimiting exemplary embodiments thereof. In the drawings:

FIG. 1 shows a schematic side elevation of a boat equipped with a reel and with a jib both of which are conventional;

FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 depicting the boat with a reel according to the invention;

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 1 illustrating an exemplary embodiment of a jib according to the invention;

FIG. 4a is a part view, depicting, in plan, the fabric of a sail according to another exemplary embodiment;

FIG. 4b is a section through FIG. 4a on a vertical plane;

FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 1 illustrating another exemplary embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 1 illustrating yet another exemplary embodiment of the invention, and

FIG. 7 is a section on 7-7 of FIG. 6, on an enlarged scale.

As mentioned above, the invention provides means allowing the sail to be rendered non-deformable in compression around the reel and parallel to its hoist side.

According to the exemplary embodiment depicted in FIGS. 4a and 4b, the deformability of the sail is obtained by producing a fabric which comprises fibers that are coarse enough and polymerized in such a way as to resist compression and local buckling. Such a fabric may be produced by incorporating between two films 17, 17′ of fine fabric, for example films of ethylene glycol polyterephthalate, particularly of the type marketed under the trade name “Mylar”, transverse and longitudinal fibers 18, 18′ that are resistant to compression, the whole then being bonded. This then yields an anisotropic fabric resistant to compression and also improving the integrity of the sail.

According to the other exemplary embodiment illustrated by FIG. 3, this non-deformability is obtained by stitching slats such as 16 onto the sail, parallel to its hoist side, the slats being able to be rolled onto the reel.

The invention also provides means which are designed to fashion an additional volume in the central part of the reel. Referring to FIG. 2, it can be seen that, in this exemplary embodiment of the system according to the invention, the conventional cylindrical reel is replaced by a biconical reel 14 consisting of two frustoconical parts, the vertices of which are positioned at the head 15 and tack 13 respectively. This biconical reel is strengthened for torsion if necessary. By virtue of this biconical reel, an additional volume is obtained in the central part of the reel.

In the exemplary embodiment illustrated by FIG. 5, use is made of a conventional cylindrical reel 19 and additional slats or additional fibers are provided in the central part of the sail that is to be rolled up, parallel to the hoist side thereof, so as to form, as the sail is rolled up, said additional volume and obtain additional local rigidity. This then yields a solution which is equivalent to that of the biconical reel 14 of FIG. 2.

According to another aspect of the invention illustrated by FIG. 7, the reel denoted by the reference 20 is protected by a shaped fairing forming an aerofoil 22. This fairing may be made of any appropriate material such as metal, laminate, extruded plastic, for example. It may be cylindrical, conical or imitation conical or biconical. According to the invention, the fairing 22 comprises, on its inside, a spoiler 23 designed so that the sail presses against it, which allows the sail to be orientated correctly when partially unrolled, as can be seen clearly in FIG. 7.

Of course, the present invention is not restricted to the exemplary embodiments described and depicted hereinabove, but encompasses all variants thereof.