Title:
Weldment plate stud extender support
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A spacer support or stud extender having a body portion, a surface engaging portion and a securement to attach the body portion to a weldment plate in tilt-up construction wherein the extender is coupled to a head of a stud depending from a weldment plate with a cup-shaped engaging portion.



Inventors:
Schulze, Todd M. (Mooresville, NC, US)
Application Number:
11/408470
Publication Date:
08/24/2006
Filing Date:
04/21/2006
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E04F13/06
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
HIJAZ, OMAR F
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DENNIS G. LAPOINTE (DUNEDIN, FL, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A device for securing to a head portion of a weldment plate projection to support the weldment plate during the formation of a concrete wall, said device comprising: an elongate body portion having a top planar surface on which a weldment plate projection head is placed, wherein the elongate body portion has a length capable of being adjusted to be substantially equal to a thickness of a concrete wall to be poured minus a dimension of the weldment plate extending in a direction of the thickness of the concrete wall; a surface engaging portion for contacting a surface on which the concrete wall is poured and supporting the weldment plate in a position appropriately spaced from that surface; and means for attaching said elongate body portion to the weldment plate projection head comprising a cup-shaped portion configured so that said projection head can slide on top of said planar portion of said elongate body portion into said cup-shaped portion.

2. The device according to claim 1, wherein said cup-shaped portion is dimensioned so as to provide a relatively snug fit sufficient to hold the projection head in position.

3. The device according to claim 1, further comprising: two or more apertures along an upstanding wall forming a back of the cup-shaped portion.

4. The device according to claim 1, further comprising: two or more apertures along an upper planar portion forming said cup-shaped portion.

5. The device according to claim 1, wherein said length of said elongate body portion is adjustable.

6. The device according to claim 5, wherein said length is adjustable by manually removing an excess length.

7. The device according to claim 1, wherein said surface engaging portion includes a section which tapers to a point to minimize surface treatment of the concrete wall needed to accommodate said device.

8. The device according to claim 1, wherein a material for said device is selected from a group consisting of plastic, metal, powdered metal and combinations thereof.

9. The device according to claim 1, wherein the projections are Nelson studs welded to the nether side of the plate member.

Description:

RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/964,143 filed Oct. 13, 2004, which is a divisional of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/272,698 filed Oct. 16, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,820,390 dated Nov. 23, 2004, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/777,400 filed Feb. 6, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,823,635 dated Nov. 30, 2004.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to the manufacture of concrete walls used in tilt-up construction. More particularly, the present invention is directed to a spacer support that holds a weldment plate in proper position until the wet concrete sets up.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In commercial construction, as well as in residential construction where wood is at a premium, builders are increasingly using tilt-up construction, that is, they are pouring concrete walls in forms as they lay on the ground, floor or other surface, and then tilting them up into the desired position after the concrete has cured. One of the features such construction affords is the placement of a weldment plate on one surface of the wall so that structural support beams, and the like, may be welded/secured between adjacent walls. In current practice, the concrete wall is poured and then the weldment plate is “floated” on the top of the wet cement. Since these steel plates are denser than the wet concrete, they tend to sink below the surface. Accordingly, it sometimes becomes necessary to allow the concrete to take a partial set and then attempt to push the weldment plate into the desired position. Neither of these current practices provides effective quality control and the results often are not those desired.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The device of the present invention comprises a spacer support that engages the support surface on which the concrete wall is poured and a weldment plate holding it in the desired position relative to that surface during the curing of the concrete. The spacer support comprises an elongate body portion having a length substantially equal to the thickness of the concrete wall minus a dimension of the weldment extending in the direction of the thickness of the concrete wall; a surface engaging portion for contacting the surface on which the concrete wall is poured and supporting the weldment in a position appropriately spaced from that surface; means for attaching said body portion to the weldment, wherein the weldment will be maintained in a desired position as wet concrete is poured and sets up. For more details on previous embodiments, see U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/272,698 filed Oct. 16, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,820,390 dated Nov. 23, 2004, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/777,400 filed Feb. 6, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,823,635 dated Nov. 30, 2004, which are incorporated by reference herein in total.

Weldment plates take different forms: some are simply rectangular metal plates with two smooth surfaces. Other weldment plates are equipped with protrusions on one surface that improve the adhesion of the plate to the wall enabling greater weight to be suspended therefrom. These protrusions typically take the form of a plurality of Nelson studs welded to the surface of the plate that is to be embedded in the concrete. These studs can have shaft diameters of ¼″, ⅜″, ½″, ⅝″ with head diameters graduated by ¼″ increments between ½″ and 1-¼″. For weldment plates that have no protrusions, the support spacer will have additional length (as compared to those engaging the heads of Nelson studs) and be equipped with a flat head that can be adhered to the nether surface of the weldment plate by an adhesive such as LIQUID NAILS (a registered trademark of Macco). The spacer supports will be used on each weldment plate positioned to provide balance in the wet concrete. The embodiment of support spacer engaging the Nelson stud will have a plurality (three shown) of fingers that grip the head of the stud, the fingers having portions that snap beneath the head and retain the spacer support in position while the concrete sets up. This configuration will be made in a plurality of sizes to accommodate the various sizes of Nelson stud heads.

More particularly, the invention herein incorporates means for attaching the elongate body portion to the weldment plate projection head and compises a cup-shaped portion configured so that the projection head can slide on top of the upper end planar portion of the elongate body portion into the cup-shaped portion. The device is preferably designed and dimensioned so as to provide a relatively snug fit sufficient to hold the projection head in position. If needed, a shim can be placed to provide for the snug fit if larger devices are used. Holes or apertures may optionally be provided on the side surface of the cup-shaped portion and on its upper planar portion forming the cup-shaped portion. These holes allow for concrete contact surface areas to the head of the stud head.

The spacer support is preferably made of a material selected from the group consisting of plastic, metal, and powdered metal. The end contacting the support is preferably pointed to minimize the surface treatment needed for the wall and, typically, the wall may simply be painted, papered or given any other conventional treatment, without the tips of the spacer/supports affecting the treatment. The length of the body portion of the spacer support may be adjusted in either of two ways: the surface may be scored at any of a plurality of conventional lengths, and the spacer support cut to the length appropriate for the wall thickness with which it is used, or the spacer support may be made of material suitable for cutting in the field with available cutting snips.

Various other features, advantages and characteristics of the present invention will become apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art after a reading of the following specification.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The preferred embodiment(s) of the present invention is/are described in conjunction with the associated drawings in which like features are indicated with like reference numerals and in which:

FIG. 1 is a side view conceptual depiction of the present invention shown assembled on a Nelson stud;

FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the spacer support shown in FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is conceptual depiction of the stud extenders in use.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION

The present invention is a weldment plate spacer support or stud extender, which is generally depicted in FIGS. 1-3, and is generally represented by the numeral 10. The stud extender comprises an elongated body portion 22 having a top planar portion 28, a surface engaging portion 24, and means 26 for attaching the spacer support to weldment plate 11. In this embodiment, weldment plate 11 includes projections 15 which may take the form of Nelson studs welded to the surface 13 of weldment plate 11 to be embedded in the concrete 17. Body portion 22 is of a length substantially equal to the thickness “t” of the concrete wall 18 minus a dimension of the weldment plate 11 extending in a direction of the thickness of the concrete wall 18. In this case, the dimension of the weldment plate extending in the direction of the thickness of wall 18 includes the thickness of plate 12 as well as the length of Nelson stud 15. Nelson studs come in a plurality of sizes and lengths. Common diameters include ¼″, ⅜″, ½″, ⅝″ with head diameters of ½″, ¾″, 1″ and 1-¼″ respectively. The heads 16 also vary in depth having lengths of 0.187 inch, 0.281 inch, 0.312 inch, and 0.312 inch, respectively, for the diameters listed here. The length of body portion 22 will be designed to position the weldment plate 12 where desired, typically with upper surface 14 flush with the surface 19 of wall 18.

Surface engaging portion 24 preferably comes to a point or tapered portion 25 so as to minimize the amount of weldment spacer support that protrudes on surface 21. Accordingly, minimal accommodation will be necessary to treat the points 25 on wall 18. In fact, it is anticipated that the painting, papering or other treatment provided wall surface 21 will adequately cover the points 25. It is preferred that the length of body portion 22 will be adjustable. One such means can be the cutting of body portion 22 to the desired length to place weldment plate 12 flush with the designed wall surface 19 once concrete 17 is poured. To facilitate this cutting (or breaking), body 22 may be provided with scoring lines 40 at one or more conventional wall thicknesses/stud lengths so the point 25 may be maintained.

The material from which weldment plate spacer support is made is selected from the group consisting of plastic, metal, and powdered metal. It is envisioned that a durable, tough plastic material such as nylon or polypropylene, possibly with glass or carbon fiber reinforcement will be suitable for this application and provide the most cost effective means of solving this problem. It is, however, possible that for certain applications, the strength requirements will dictate that the weldment plate spacer support 10 be manufactured from metal including but not limited to powdered metal. The spacer support 10 of the present invention could be cast or machined from aluminum, from example.

Means for attaching body portion 22 to weldment plate 11 comprises a cup-shaped portion 26 configured so that the head 16 of the weldment plate stud 15 can slide on top of the planar portion 28 of the elongated body portion 22 into the cup-shaped portion 26. It is dimensioned so as to receive the projection head 16. Preferably the cup-shaped portion 26 is dimensioned so as to provide a relatively snug fit sufficient to hold the head 16 of the stud 15 extending downwardly from weldment plate 12 in position. However, if the vertical dimension of the back or upstanding wall 26b forming the cup-shaped portion 26 is greater than that of the height of the projection head 15, then a shim, washer or donut-like piece such as that described in the above-mentioned U.S. Pat. No. 6,820,390 dated Nov. 23, 2004, can be used to make the fit snug. Holes or apertures 26a may optionally be provided on an upstanding wall 26b forming a back of the cup-shaped portion 26 and on its upper planar portion 26c forming the cup-shaped portion. These apertures provide for more concrete contact surface areas to the projection head 16 of stud 15.

In use (see FIG. 3), stud extender supports 10 are attached to weldment plate 11 as by the cup-shaped portion in which the projection heads 16 are securely engaged. The length of spacer supports 10 will have been previously adjusted to position the surface 14 at the desired reference plane with respect to upper surface 19 of concrete wall 18. The thusly equipped weldment plate 11 is situated inside concrete forms on surface which may, for example, be a plastic sheeting material, and concrete 17 poured into forms. Weldment plate spacer supports 10 hold plates 11 in the desired position while the concrete 17 sets up. When the concrete 17 has properly set, tilt-up wall 18 can be uprighted and secured in position. The smallness of points 25 will have minimal/no effect on the surface treatment required to finish wall surface 2 1.

Various changes, alternatives and modifications will become apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art following a reading of the foregoing specification. It is intended that any such changes, alternatives and modifications as fall within the scope of the appended claims be considered part of the present invention.