Title:
Inner drive for magnetic drive pump
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
An inner drive for a magnetic drive pump includes a magnet supported on a yoke. The inner drive is driven about an axis to pump a corrosive process fluid. The magnet and yoke are fully encapsulated during the molding process to completely surround the magnet and yoke in a protective plastic shell. A sleeve is arranged radially outwardly of the magnet to provide further protection. Backing rings are arranged on either side of the magnet. A bonding material joins the plastic shell to the backing rings and sleeve to prevent a space from forming beneath the plastic shell that would become filled with the process fluid once it has permeated the plastic shell. A protective coating is arranged on at least a portion of the magnet to further insulate the magnet from the process fluid.



Inventors:
Ekberg, Andrew Magnus (Superior, CO, US)
Beauregard Jr., Paul Roland (Lafayette, CO, US)
Kramlich, Kerry E. (Littleton, CO, US)
Allen, Scott Marvin (Evergreen, CO, US)
Carr, David M. (Superior, CO, US)
Application Number:
11/009613
Publication Date:
06/15/2006
Filing Date:
12/10/2004
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
310/87, 310/45
International Classes:
F04B17/00
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
BERTHEAUD, PETER JOHN
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CARLSON, GASKEY & OLDS, P.C. (BIRMINGHAM, MI, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A magnetic driving element comprising: a yoke; a magnet supported on the yoke; and a protective coating surrounding at least a portion of the magnet.

2. The magnetic driving element according to claim 1, comprising a backing ring arranged radially outwardly of the yoke and axially adjacent to the magnet, the protective coating arranged between the backing ring and yoke and between the backing ring and magnet.

3. The magnetic driving element according to claim 2, a backing ring is arranged on each of opposing sides of the magnet, the protective coating extending between opposing ends of the yoke beneath each backing ring.

4. The magnetic driving element according to claim 1, wherein multiple magnets are arranged around an outer periphery of the yoke, the magnets forming gaps circumferentially between one another, with a potting material providing a fillet in the gaps between the magnets.

5. The magnetic driving element according to claim 4, wherein a sleeve is arranged radially outwardly of the protective coating, and a plastic shell arranged radially outwardly of the sleeve, a potting material arranged in the gaps between the fillets and the sleeve.

6. The magnetic driving element according to claim 1, wherein the protective powder coating is an epoxy blend.

7. The magnetic driving element according to claim 6, the epoxy blend is a mixture of epoxy and polyester.

8. A magnetic driving element comprising: a magnet; a metallic member arranged proximate to the magnet; a plastic shell arranged proximate to the sleeve; and a bonding material arranged between the plastic shell and metallic member joining the plastic shell and metallic member to one another.

9. The magnetic driving element according to claim 8, wherein the metallic member is a sleeve arranged radially outwardly of the magnet, the bonding material adjoining the sleeve and the plastic shell.

10. The magnetic driving element according to claim 8, wherein the metallic member is a backing ring arranged axially from the magnet, the bonding material adjoining at least one of the sleeve and backing rings and the plastic shell.

11. The magnetic driving element according to claim 8, wherein the bonding material is a polymeric adhesive and fluoropolymer mixture.

12. The magnetic driving element according to claim 11, wherein the fluoropolymer is provided by an ETFE powder.

13. A magnetic driving element comprising: a yoke; a magnet supported on the yoke; a plastic shell fully encapsulating the yoke and magnet with a continuous layer of molded material.

14. The magnetic driving element according to claim 13, wherein an end of the yoke including a molding support surface for receiving a molding support during plastic molding of the shell.

15. The magnetic driving element according to claim 14, wherein a protective coating covers at least a portion of the magnet and yoke, the protective coating extending to the molding support surface.

16. The magnetic driving element according to claim 13, wherein the plastic shell contains at least one of an ETFE and PFA material.

17. The magnetic driving element according to claim 16, wherein at least one of an ETFE and PFA materials contain reinforcing fibers.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This application relates to a magnetic drive centrifugal pump.

Magnetic drive centrifugal pumps include a wet portion, which contains the process fluid that is being pumped, and a dry portion having a drive, which provides power to the pump fluid. The dry portion is exposed only to the atmosphere surrounding the pump. In one typical magnetic drive design, an inner and outer drive are separated by a containment shell, which prevents the pump fluid from escaping to the environment. The outer drive, which is usually driven by an electric motor, is located in the dry portion and magnetically drives the inner drive in the wet portion that is attached to a pump impeller. Since magnetic drive pumps are sealless, they are often selected to pump very acidic or caustic process fluids, such as hydrochloric acid, nitric acid and sodium hypochlorite.

Both the outer and inner drives have a series of magnets mounted around their peripheries. Each magnet is synchronously coupled to a respective magnet that is of an opposite pole on the other drive. The attraction between the magnets results in a magnetic coupling between the two drives causing the inner drive to rotate at the same speed of the outer drive, which is driven by the motor. The inner and outer drives must be located relatively close together for efficient power transmission, which requires a relatively small clearance to be maintained between the containment shell and each drive. In one example, the clearance is approximately 0.060 inch.

In one type of magnetic drive pump, the inner drive magnets are primarily protected from the corrosive process fluid by a chemically resistant plastic shell, which is typically injection molded around the magnets of the inner drive. Corrosive process fluid eventually permeates the plastic shell, thus attacking the underlying magnets. Once the corrosive process fluid has permeated the plastic coating, the shell swells causing interference between the inner drive and the containment shell and pump failure.

Therefore, what is needed is an inner drive that is more resistant to swelling once the process fluid has permeated the plastic shell.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides a magnetic pumping element, such as an inner drive of a magnetic drive pump, that includes additional protections from corrosive process fluid. The inner drive includes a yoke with multiple magnets supported on the yoke. A protective coating surrounds at least a portion of the magnet, and in one example, extends partially over the yoke. Typically, a metallic member, such as a nickel-based alloy sleeve, is arranged proximate to the magnet. A plastic shell is arranged proximate to the sleeve. In one example, the shell completely encapsulates the yoke and magnet as a result of the molding process so that further operations, such as plastic welding, are not required to encapsulate the yoke and magnet.

A bonding material is arranged between the plastic shell and metallic sleeve, including backing rings, joining the plastic shell and metallic sleeve to one another. The bonding material prevents formation of a cavity that can become filled with the corrosive process fluid once it has permeated the shell. Additionally, the bonding material prevents the process fluid from reacting with the sleeve and from migrating between the plastic shell and the metallic sleeve/backing rings and into the joints and magnet areas

Accordingly, the present invention provides an inner drive that is more resistant to swelling once the process fluid has permeated the plastic shell.

These and other features of the present invention can be best understood from the following specification and drawings, the following of which is a brief description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view schematically depicting a magnetic drive centrifugal pump assembly.

FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of an integrated impeller and inner drive assembly.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the inner drive shown in FIG. 2 and taken along line 3-3.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the area indicated by circle 4 in FIG. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

A magnetic drive centrifugal pump assembly 10 is schematically shown in FIG. 1. The assembly 10 includes a motor 12 that drives a pump 14. The motor 12 and pump 14 are supported by a frame 16. The motor 12 includes a drive shaft 18 that is coupled to a driven shaft 20 of the pump 14.

An outer drive 22 is supported by the driven shaft 20. The outer drive 22 includes magnets mounted on a periphery of the outer drive for magnetically driving an inner drive 28, which supports magnets having an opposite pole of the magnets on the outer drive 22.

The pump 14 includes a housing 24 that supports the driven shaft 20 and outer drive 22 in a dry portion 26 of the pump 14. A pump case 34 provides a wet portion 36 for holding the process fluid, which is separated from the dry portion 26. The pump case 34 houses the inner drive 28, which is coupled to an impeller 30. The impeller 30 rotates about a stationary shaft 32. The process fluid is pumped from an inlet 38 to an outlet 40 by the impeller 30.

In the example shown in FIG. 2, the inner drive 28 and impeller 30 are formed in such a way so as to provide an integral, or separable, impeller and inner drive assembly 42. A typical inner drive 28 includes a yoke 44 that supports multiple magnets 46 about its outer periphery. The yoke 44 is typically constructed from a magnetic conductor, such as ductile iron, to absorb the magnetic flux lines behind the magnets 46. Front and/or rear backing rings 48 are arranged on the yoke adjacent to either side of the magnets 46. The backing rings 48 are typically constructed from a non-magnetic material such as stainless steel so that they do not interrupt the magnetic flux lines on the working side of the magnets.

A sleeve 56 is arranged radially outboard of the magnets 46 to protect the magnets 46 from process fluid. The sleeve 56 may be constructed from a nickel-based alloy such as Hastelloy or Inconel. The sleeve 56 may be a thin can that is pressed over the magnets 46. Alternatively, the sleeve 56 may be a machined enclosure that is integral with and extends axially from one of the backing rings 48.

A shell 60 is molded about the yoke 44, magnets 46, backing rings 48 and sleeve 56 to protect the components from the process fluid. The shell 60 may be constructed from a fluoroplastic such as Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE). Other melt processible fluoropolymers may also be used, such as Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA). The resins may also be glass or carbon fiber reinforced. Fibers in the range of 10-35%, for example, may be used, and in one example, 20%.

In the prior art, only the shell 60 and sleeve 56 protected the magnets 46 from the process fluid that permeated the shell 60. However, increased protection from the corrosive process fluid is desired. To this end, the inventive inner drive 28 also includes a powder coating 52 arranged over the magnets 46. The powder coating 52 may extend from one axial end of the yoke 44 to the other end of the yoke 44 providing a barrier that seals the magnets 46 relative to the yoke 44. The powder coating 52 is arranged between the backing rings 48 and the yoke 44, in the example shown. Referring to FIG. 3, generous fillets 50, currently made using potting material 54, are provided in gaps 49 between the magnets 46. The fillets 50 provide a smooth transition between the magnets 46 and yoke 44, which creates a smooth, continuous coating that is free of pits and cracks. Potting material 54, which is typically used in inner drives, fills the rest of the gaps 49 between the magnets 46 and sleeve 56 in order to prevent sleeve rupture as a result of injection molding.

One suitable powder coating is an epoxy polyester hybrid, which has a low cure temperature (250-275° F.). One example hybrid has approximately 50% epoxy and 50% polyester. The powder coating preferable has good adhesion, chip resistance, and chemical resistance. More than one coat may be desirable. The coating must withstand the molding temperatures of the shell 60 (over 600° F.). A table of the properties of examples suitable potting and powder coatings materials follows.

PropertyFillet and Potting MaterialPowder Coating
Product Name3M epoxy 1 part adhesive 2214 HDSherwin Williams Powdura Powder
PMFCoating - Epoxy Polyester Hybrid
BaseModified epoxy basePolyester (80%), epoxy (20%)
Major IngredientsEpoxy resin, aluminum pigments,polyester and epoxy
synthetic elastomer
AdhesionASTM D-3359 - No failure with 1/16″
squares (cross hatch)
Environmental ResistanceASTM D-1002 - 1910 psi steel overlapASTM D-B117 - passes 500 hr min
shear 365 days in 100% RHsalt fog test
OutgassingMinimalNA
FlexibilitySee hardness and strength dataASTM D-522 - pass on ⅛″ mandrel
bend
Density1.5 g/ml
Impact ResistanceASTM D-2794 - 100 lbs direct &
reversed - excellent performance
Viscosity>1,000,000 cps-Brookfield (paste).Powder consistency prior to oven
Heated to thin for potting fillbake
Hardness85 Shore D hardness (approx)ASTM D-3363 (for thin coatings) - 2H
Pencil hardness
Ultimate Tensile Strength10,000 psi
Modulus of Elasticity750,000
Coeff. of Thermal Expansion (cured)49 × 10 − 6 in/in/C. (0-80 C.)
Cure Temp or Coating Temp2 hrs @ 225 F. cure temp275 F. coating temp
Steel T-Peel (ASTM D-1876)50 lbs per inch of width

It has been discovered that the process fluid reacts with the sleeve 56 once it has permeated the shell 60 resulting in salts and other compounds that create a build up of solid material under the plastic shell 60. This build up of material often results in localized swelling of the shell 60 that leads to failure of the pump 14. Additionally, process fluid that has permeated the shell 60 may be subjected to a pumping effect by the flexing of the shell 60. This agitation of process fluid that has permeated the shell 60 accelerates corrosion of the sleeve 56 and forces product into joints and magnet areas.

To address this problem, the inventive inner drive 28 also employs a bonding interface between the sleeve 56 and any other potentially reactive material, such as the backing rings 48 and the shell 60. This prevents the formation of a cavity that can fill with solid material or process fluid.

The bonding interface 58 is provided by a suitable bonding material capable of joining the material of the shell 60 to the material of the sleeve 56 and/or backing rings 48. In one example, the bonding material may be a bonding primer that is a blend of a polymeric adhesive and a fluoropolymer. The bonding primer, in one example, is stable up to 550° F. with negligible to zero out gassing. Two examples of suitable formulations are:

Formulation 1:

    • PelSeal PLV2100 VITON elastomer, 33% solids-13 grams
    • PelSeal accelerator no. 4-0.5 milliliters
    • DuPont ETFE powder 532-6210-4.5 grams

Formulation 2:

    • Methyl ethyl ketone-13 grams
    • PelSeal PLV2100 VITON elastomer, 33% solids-13 grams
    • PelSeal acceleration no. 4-0.5 milliliters
    • DuPont ETFE powder 532-6210-4.5 grams

Formulation 2 results in a lower viscosity, and is preferably sprayed on as opposed to application by brush or pad.

The yoke 44, magnets 46, backing rings 48, and sleeve 56 are typically assembled into a unit and the shell 60 molded about the unit. A typical molding process results in a void in a molding support region 62. The molding support region 62 results from a support 64 used during the molding process that locates the unit in a desired position as the shell is molded about the unit. This void in the molding support region 62 must be filled by a secondary fusing operation, such as plastic welding. The fusing creates a boundary interface where poor bonding between the base material and weld material can exist. This frequently results in a weakened area, which can provide a premature leak path for the corrosive process fluid to enter and attack the magnets 46.

The present invention utilizes a molding process resulting in shell 60, fully encapsulating the unit. The support 64, which may be multiple pins, are retracted at a desired time during the molding process so that the material forming the shell 60 fills the mold support region 62 during molding. The formulations of plastic used for the shell 60 better enable the flow fronts of material within the mold to quickly fill the molding support region once the supports 64 have retracted.

Although a preferred embodiment of this invention has been disclosed, a worker of ordinary skill in this art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this invention. In particular, the materials disclosed and their properties are exemplary only and are no way intended to limit the scope of the invention. For these and other reasons, the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.





 
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