Title:
Treating slurries
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
This invention relates to a composition for treating inorganic slurries and to a method of treating inorganic slurries with the aforesaid composition so as to maintain the slurries in a substantially homogeneous phase. The composition comprises a THP+ salt and a dispersant selected from the group consisting of: (i) phosphonated compound containing at least one tertiary nitrogen atom; (ii) phosphonated oligomers of unsaturated acids; (iii) homopolymers of unsaturated acids; and (iv) Polyphosphates The THP+ salt is preferably THPS



Inventors:
Jones, Christopher Raymond (South Staffordshire, GB)
Application Number:
10/542432
Publication Date:
05/18/2006
Filing Date:
01/12/2004
Primary Class:
International Classes:
C02F1/68; A01N57/34; C09C1/02; C09C1/42; C09C3/08
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:



Primary Examiner:
GODENSCHWAGER, PETER F
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HOLTZ, HOLTZ & VOLEK PC (NEW YORK, NY, US)
Claims:
1. 1-19. (canceled)

20. A method for treating an inorganic slurry to maintain the slurry in a substantially homogeneous phase and to preserve the slurry against bacterial contamination, which comprises the addition to the slurry of an effective amount of a composition comprising: (a) a tetrakis(hydroxyorgano)phosphonium salt (herein THP+ salt) selected from tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium phosphate, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium nitrate and tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium oxalate; and (b) a dispersant selected from the group consisting of: (i) phosphonated compounds containing at least one tertiary nitrogen atom; and (ii) homopolymers of unsaturated acids.

21. A method according to claim 20, in which the THP+ salt is tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate.

22. A method according to claim 20, in which the THP+ salt is tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride, phosphate, nitrate or oxalate.

23. A method according to claim 20, in which the dispersant (b(i)) is a phosphonated compound containing one tertiary nitrogen atom.

24. A method according to claim 4, in which the dispersant (b(i)) is a sodium salt of nitrilo-tris(methylene phosphonate).

25. A method according to claim 5, in which the salt is the tetra-sodium salt.

26. A method according to claim 20, in which the dispersant (b(ii)) is a homopolymer of acrylic acid.

27. A method according to claim 26, in which the homopolymer has a molecular weight in the range 2000 to 5000.

28. A method according to claim 20, in which the ratio of THP+ salt to dispersant in the composition is about 2:1 (as active ingredients).

29. A method according to claim 20, in which the composition is added to the slurry in an amount in the range 10 ppm to 1000 ppm (by weight of the slurry).

30. A method according to claim 20, in which the composition is added to the slurry in an amount of about 750 ppm (by weight of the slurry).

31. A method, according to claim 20, in which the slurry comprises a calcium carbonate-based slurry.

32. A method according to claim 20, in which the slurry comprises a pigment slurry, a clay slurry or a cement slurry.

33. A composition for treating an inorganic slurry, the composition comprising: (a) tetrakis(hydroxyorgano)phosphonium salt (herein THP+ salt) selected from tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium phosphate, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium nitrate and tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium oxalate; and (b) a dispersant which is the tetra sodium salt of nitrilo-tris (methylene phosphonate).

34. A composition according to claim 33, wherein the THP+ salt is tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate.

35. A method of treating an inorganic slurry to maintain the slurry in a substantially homogeneous phase and to preserve the slurry against bacterial contamination, comprising the addition to the slurry of an effective amount of a composition according to claim 33.

36. A composition for treating an inorganic slurry, the composition comprising: (a) a tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium salt (herein THP+ salt) selected from tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate, tetrakis (hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium phosphate, tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium nitrate and tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium oxalate; and (b) a dispersant which is a homopolymer of acrylic acid, the homopolymer having a molecular weight in the range of 2,000 to 5,000.

37. A composition according to claim 36, wherein the THP+ salt is tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate.

38. A method of treating an inorganic slurry to maintain the slurry in a substantially homogeneous phase and to preserve the slurry against bacterial contamination, comprising the addition to the slurry of an effective amount of a composition according to claim 36.

Description:

This invention relates to a composition for treating inorganic slurries and to a method of treating inorganic slurries with the aforesaid composition so as to maintain the slurries in a substantially homogeneous phase.

The present invention will be described herein with particular reference to calcium carbonate-based slurries, especially those used in paper-making processes, although it is not to be construed as being limited thereto.

Most inorganic slurries contain about 70% to 80% by weight of solids. Many inorganic slurries (particularly those based on calcium carbonate) are known to be susceptible to bacterial contamination and it has been the practice to add one or more biocidally-active materials to the slurries in order to minimise such contamination.

Phosphorus-containing compounds, in particular tetrakis(hydroxyorgano)phosphonium salts (THP+ salts) are known to be effective biocides. Experimental work carried out by the applicants has shown, for example, that the addition of a solution of tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate (THPS) to a calcium carbonate-based slurry can give rise to a reduction in bacterial count of 104 in 2 hours.

However, it is also known that addition of THPS alone to a slurry results in instantaneous heterogeneous thickening and aggregation of the slurry.

The applicants have found that the use of a composition comprising a THP+ salt and a dispersant will provide continuing preservation against bacterial contamination, while at the same time maintaining the slurry in a substantially homogeneous phase.

Accordingly, in a first aspect, the present invention provides a composition for treating an inorganic slurry, the composition comprising:

  • (a) a tetrakis(hydroxyorgano)phosphonium salt (hereinafter THP+ salt); and
  • (b) a dispersant selected from the group consisting of:
    • (i) phosphonated compounds containing at least one tertiary nitrogen atom;
    • (ii) phosphonated oligomers of unsaturated acids;
    • (iii) homopolymers of unsaturated acids;
  • and (iv) polyphosphates.

In accordance with the present invention, the THP+ salt is preferably tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate.

Alternatively, the THP+ salt may be tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride, phosphate, nitrate or oxalate.

A preferred example of a dispersant of the type (b)(i) is a compound having one tertiary nitrogen atom, such as a sodium salt of nitrilo-tris(methylene phosphate), particularly the tetra-sodium salt.

Preferred examples of dispersants of the type (b) (ii) include those oligomers having the general H(CH2OM.CH2OM).PO3M3, wherein M is a cationic species such that the oligomer is soluble in water and n is a number greater than 1.

Other suitable oligomers are disclosed in the applicant's European Patent Specification 0 491 391.

A preferred example of a dispersant of the type (b)(iii) is a homopolymer of acrylic acid, especially a homopolymer having a molecular weight in the range 2000 to 5000.

Preferred examples of dispersants of the type b(iv) include sodium tripolyphosphate.

In a second aspect, the present invention provides a method of treating an inorganic slurry to maintain the slurry in a substantially homogeneous phase, the method comprising the addition to the slurry of an effective amount of a composition according to the first aspect of the present invention.

The inorganic slurry may, for example, comprise a calcium carbonate-based slurry.

Alternatively, the inorganic slurry may comprise a pigment slurry, a clay slurry or a cement slurry.

Preferably, the ratio of THP+ salt to dispersant in the composition is about 2:1 (as active ingredients).

Suitably, the composition may be added to the slurry in an amount in the range 10 ppm to 1000 ppm (by weight of the slurry), for example about 750 ppm (by weight of the slurry).

The present invention will be illustrated by way of the following examples.

In the examples, a 75% calcium carbonate slurry (commercially known as Setacarb) was treated with:

EXAMPLE 1

THP+ Salt Alone

EXAMPLE 2

THP+ Salt and Dispersant of Type (b)(i).

EXAMPLE 3

THP+ Salt and Dispersant of Type (b)(ii).

The amounts of each additive used, and the results, are given in the TABLE below.

TABLE
ExampleTHP+ saltDispersant
No.(ppm)(ppm)Result
1(a) THPS(b) (nil)Instant heterogeneous
750 ppmthickening
2(a) THPSb(i)No thickening
750 ppm375 ppm
3(a) THPSb(ii)No thickening
750 ppm375 ppm

Notes to TABLE

    • (a) An aqueous solution of tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulphate (75% a.i.), available as TOLCIDE®-PS75.
    • (b) (i) An aqueous solution of the tetra sodium salt of nitrilo-tris(methylene phosphonic acid), available as BRIQUEST® 301-32S.
    • (b)(ii) A homopolymer of polyacrylic acid, having a molecular weight in the range 2000-5000 and available as BEVALOID®211.