Title:
Pack with a tear strip and device for production thereof
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A cuboidal cigarette pack of the hinge-lid-box type (10) is enclosed by an outer wrapper made of film. The latter has a tear-open thread (24) which extends obliquely or diagonally in the region of a front wall (14) and rear wall (15) and merges into side walls (16, 17) via arcuate regions. This allows optimum opening and removal of the outer wrapper with the aid of the tear-open thread (24).



Inventors:
Focke, Heinz (Verden, DE)
Focke, Jurgen (Verden, DE)
Focke, Doris (Verden, DE)
Stiller, Martin (Verden, DE)
Engel, Gisbert (Luttum, DE)
Krone, Karsten (Achim-Baden, DE)
Application Number:
10/489356
Publication Date:
03/16/2006
Filing Date:
09/12/2002
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
206/274, 229/87.05, 206/273
International Classes:
B65B19/22; B65D85/10; A24F15/12; B65B61/18; B65D65/26; B65D75/14; B65D75/62; B65D75/66; B65D77/00; B65D85/12
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:
20100059400Consumer packageMarch, 2010Blazicek
20080041925Construct for heating multiple food items in a microwave ovenFebruary, 2008Cambay
20070221718STACKABLE MULTI-COMPONENT TOTE HAVING CORNER SUPPORTSSeptember, 2007Nyeboer
20070108210Can plastic lid having a tamper evident portionMay, 2007Alvares et al.
20050252954Sealable business form construction having one or more removable field effect insertsNovember, 2005Buck
20070199980Pizza Carton with Curved TopAugust, 2007Oliveira
20060261141System and envelope for mailing and return of an object through the postNovember, 2006Taute
20050116016Box with tamper-proof lidJune, 2005Lo Duca
20050199691Blank capable of forming a stackable containerSeptember, 2005Nelson et al.
20080121538Hinged Lid Box for CigarettesMay, 2008Buse
20080029583Small-sized cash-storing envelopeFebruary, 2008Kojiro



Primary Examiner:
PASCUA, JES F
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SUGHRUE MION, PLLC (WASHINGTON, DC, US)
Claims:
1. In a cuboidal pack, in particular cigarette pack (rigid pack), with an outer wrapper which is made of film or other tearable packaging material, and which is provided with a tear-open strip, the improvement wherein the tear-open strip (24), in a region of a large-surface-area front wall (14) and/or rear wall, (15) of the pack, extends obliquely or approximately diagonally from one (bottom) pack corner (28) to a diagonally opposite (top) pack corner (29).

2. The pack as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the tear-open thread (24), in the region of narrow side walls (16, 17) extends transversely to the latter, preferably directly adjacent to an end wall (18) or base wall (19).

3. The pack as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the tear-open thread (24), in the region from one thread section (26, 27) to another thread section (31, 32), is of arcuate configuration, with a rounded portion (30) being formed in the process.

4. The pack as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that thread sections (26, 27), which extend obliquely or diagonally in the region of the front wall (14) and rear wall (15), extend at the same angle of inclination, which is directed in the same direction, and in that ends of the single-piece tear-open thread (24) overlap one another, in particular in the region of the transversely directed thread section (32), in the region of a side wall (17), adjacent to or beneath an end wall (18).

5. A process for producing blanks (12, 13) from film, paper or other tearable packaging material in order to form outer wrappers of a cuboidal (cigarette) pack with a tear-open thread (24) which is fitted on the outer wrapper and is fed continuously to a continuously conveyed web (33) of the packaging material and is positioned on said web, characterized in that the tear-open thread (24) is moved, at least in sub-regions, transversely to the conveying direction of the web (33) such that the tear-open thread (24) butting against the web (33) is directed, in sub-regions, obliquely in relation to the conveying direction of the web.

6. The process as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the tear-open thread (24) is guided in a controlled manner in undulating fashion transversely to the movement direction of the web (33) and, temporarily, in this movement direction, such that the tear-open thread (24) butting against the web (33) has an undulating, in particular more or less meandering, configuration.

7. The process as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the tear-open thread (24), in the region of transitions between obliquely directed thread sections (26, 27) and thread sections (31, 32), which run in the conveying direction of the web (33), and vice versa, rounded portions (30) of the tear-open thread (24) are formed as transitions.

8. A process for producing blanks (12, 13) from film, paper or other tearable packaging material in order to form outer wrappers of a cuboidal (cigarette) pack with a tear-open thread (24) which is fitted on the outer wrapper and is cut off, as an open-ended thread section, from a thread web (71, 72) by a transversely directed severing cut and positioned on a continuous web (33) of the packaging material, characterized in that a contoured tear-open thread (24) is cut off from the thread web (71, 72) by a correspondingly shaped thread cutter (69, 70) and positioned on the web (33), in the region of a blank (12, 13), such that obliquely or diagonally running thread sections (26, 27) are formed in the region of a front wall (14) and/or rear wall (15).

9. The process as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the contoured tear-open thread (24) is positioned on the web (33) or on the blank (12, 13), such that one end region of the tear-open thread (24) extends into a grip tab (25) of the blank (12, 13) and another end of the tear-open thread (24) terminates in the adjacent blank (12, 13) at a distance from the grip tab (25).

10. An apparatus for producing blanks (12, 13) for outer wrappers made of film, paper or the like for cuboidal packs, in particular cigarette packs, with a tear-open thread (24) fitted on the outer wrapper, characterized in that, in a packaging machine for fitting the blanks (12, 13), a thread unit (39) is preferably arranged as a separate subassembly, by means of which a tear-open thread (24) drawn off from a thread reel (40) is positioned on a packaging-material web (33) fed to the thread unit (39), the thread unit (39) having a guide element for the tear-open thread (24)—guide roller (35)—which can be moved transversely to the conveying direction of the web (33) in order to form sections of the tear-open thread (24) which run at an angle to the conveying direction of the web (33).

11. The apparatus as claimed in claim 10, characterized in that the guide element for the tear-open thread (24), in particular the guide roller (35), is fitted on a mount—guide carriage (53)—which can be moved transversely to the movement direction of the web (33), it being possible for the guide carriage (53) to be moved back and forth in accordance with the configuration of the tear-open thread (24) which is to be produced on the web (33).

12. The apparatus as claimed in claim 10, characterized in that the guide roller (35) can be pivoted about an axis transverse to the axis of rotation such that the guide roller (35) can be aligned with the running direction of the tear-open thread (24) during transfer to the web (33).

13. The apparatus as claimed in claim 12, characterized in that the pivotable guide roller (35) is assigned a pivoting gear mechanism, in particular a connecting rod (58) which can be moved in a controlled manner and is connected, via a pivoting arm (60), to the guide roller (35) or a rotatable mount (57) of the same.

14. The apparatus as claimed in claim 10, characterized by a speed-compensating element of the tear-open thread (24), which can be fed to the thread unit (39) at constant conveying speed and can be positioned on the web (33) at a non-uniform speed.

15. The apparatus as claimed in claim 14, characterized in that the speed-compensating element is a precisely controlled dancer roller (44), which can be moved by a servomotor (49) and around which the tear-open thread can be guided, or an eccentric, rotatable compensating disk (37), the tear-open thread butting against its circumference.

16. An apparatus for producing blanks (12, 13) for outer wrappers made of film, paper or the like for cuboidal packs, in particular cigarette packs, with a tear-open thread (24) fitted on the blank (12, 13), characterized in that, in a packaging machine for fitting the blanks (12, 13) on the packs, a thread unit (39) is preferably arranged as a separate subassembly which, by means of a contoured thread cutter (69, 70), cuts off correspondingly configured undulating, meandering or zigzag tear-open threads (24) from a thread web (71, 72) and positions them on a packaging-material web (33), which runs transversely to the thread web (71, 72) in the region of a blank (12, 13) which is to be produced.

17. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16, characterized in that the contoured thread cutter (69, 70) is fitted on a correspondingly shaped carrying element, namely bar (85), which has suction bores (79) for retaining the cut-off tear-open thread (24), it being possible, by continued (upward) movement of the bar (85) for the cut-off tear-open thread (24) to be pressed onto an (under)side of the web (33).

18. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16, characterized in that, for double-web operation, it is possible for two thread webs (71, 72) to be fed to a cutting block (73) and for two (contoured) tear-open threads (24) to be cut off within the same by means of two thread cutters (69, 70), which can be moved (upward) at the same time, and to be fed to a common, double-width web (33), it preferably being possible for a first thread web (71) to be introduced into the cutting block (73) directly in a horizontal plane, and for a second thread web (72) to be introduced into the common cutting block (73) from the underside, via deflecting rollers (88), such that the two thread webs (71, 72) are positioned in a common horizontal plane in order for in each case one tear-open thread (24) to be cut off.

19. The apparatus as claimed in claim 18, characterized in that the two thread cutters (69, 70) or the carriers thereof—bars (85)—can be moved up and down by a common actuating element, namely by a carrying arm (86) which can be moved up and down and grips the bars (85) with the thread cutters (69, 70) at both ends.

20. The improvement according to claim 1, wherein the tear-open strip is a thread fitted on the outer wrapper of the pack.

Description:

The invention relates to a cuboidal pack, in particular a cigarette pack, with an outer wrapper made of film, and with an open-ended tear-open thread fitted on the outer wrapper. The invention also relates to a process and to an apparatus for producing such packs.

Packs of different shapes and forms are frequently provided, in order to protect the pack contents, with an outer wrapper made of film or of a comparable packaging material. In order to open the pack or the outer-wrapper, the latter is frequently provided with a tear-open thread or tear-open strip, which is fastened on the outer wrapper by adhesive bonding or sealing. This outer wrapper can be severed, and thus removed, by virtue of the tear-open thread being gripped at a grip end.

The invention is concerned with such packs, to be precise, in particular with cigarette packs configured as a cuboidal rigid pack (made of thin cardboard).

The object of the invention is to fit a tear-open thread or tear-open strip on the outer wrapper of a pack such that, when the tear-open thread is used, the entire outer wrapper is reliably removed.

In order to achieve this object, the pack according to the invention is characterized in that the tear-open thread, in the region of the large-surface-area front wall and/or of the corresponding rear wall of the pack, extends approximately diagonally from one (top) pack corner to a (bottom) pack corner.

The (more or less) diagonal course taken by the tear-open thread in the region of at least one of the large-surface-area pack walls ensures that the outer wrapper is optimally severed by the tear-open strip, with the result that the remaining parts of the wrapper can easily be drawn off from corners of the pack. The invention is thus suitable, in particular, for cigarette packs of the hinge-lid-box type with shrink film as the outer wrapper.

The tear-open thread is preferably arranged such that a transversely directed, rectilinear thread section is formed in the region of the narrow, upright side surfaces, to be precise adjacent to an end wall, on the one hand, and to a base wall, on the other hand, and that, by means of these thread sections, diagonal thread sections of the front wall and rear wall, these running in the same direction in each case, are connected to one another.

One special feature is the production of a (film) web with a continuous tear-open thread or tear-open strip and of blanks for outer wrappers. According to a particular embodiment, the tear-open thread or tear-open strip is applied to the material web, made of film, paper or the like, during continuous transportation of the same, the tear-open thread being moved by precisely controlled thread guides, in accordance with the thread configuration which is to be produced, transversely to the conveying direction of the (film) web. The continuous tear-open thread is provided with a more or less meandering configuration, with rounded transitions, on the material web.

According to another important embodiment, thread sections, that is to say tear-open threads or tear-open strips which are completed in terms of shape and length, are applied to the continuous (film) web. The tear-open strips are severed from a thread web by a contoured cut and positioned on the web directly in accordance with the position of a blank for the outer wrapper.

The apparatus according to the invention for applying a continuous tear-open thread or tear-open strip to a continuously moving web has a particular guide element for the tear-open thread, namely with a guide roller. This has a double function, that is to say it serves for positioning the tear-open thread on the web and, at the same time, as a guide element. The guide roller is moved, by a controlled gear mechanism, in the direction transverse to the web or transverse to the conveying direction of the same, with the result that the tear-open thread is transferred onto the web in a curved configuration. It is also the case that the operation of driving the tear-open thread, which is drawn off from a thread reel, is controlled with account being taken of the relative movement between, on the one hand, the web, which is preferably conveyed continuously and at uniform speed, and, on the other hand, the tear-open thread.

The apparatus according to the invention for applying contoured thread sections or complete tear-open threads has a contoured, that is to say curved, severing cutout by means of which in each operating cycle, during a momentary standstill of the web or of a web section, a tear-open thread which is shaped according to the invention is cut off from a transversely fed thread web and positioned precisely on the (film) web, to be precise in the region of a blank which is to be cut off from the latter.

Both processes and apparatuses are expediently set up for double-web operation.

Further details of the pack according to the invention, of the process for producing the outer wrapper, and of the apparatus are explained more specifically hereinbelow with reference to the patent drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 shows a perspective illustration of a pack, namely a cigarette pack, with outer wrapper,

FIG. 2 shows a section of a web with applied tear-open thread for producing blanks as outer wrapper,

FIG. 3 shows an apparatus, namely packaging machine, for fitting outer wrappers on cigarette packs,

FIG. 4 shows a detail of the packaging machine according to FIG. 3, namely a subassembly, for applying tear-open threads to a (film) web,

FIG. 5 shows a view, in detail form, of the subassembly according to FIG. 4 along section plane VI-VI,

FIG. 6 shows a view, in detail form, of the subassembly according to FIG. 4 along a section plane V-V,

FIG. 7 shows a further view of the subassembly according to FIG. 4, this time in the direction of arrow VII,

FIG. 8 shows a detail of the illustration according to FIG. 7—region VIII on an enlarged scale,

FIG. 9 shows a further detail, this time as a side view, from FIG. 7 in the direction of arrow IX,

FIG. 10 shows a simplified illustration, analogous to FIG. 4, of an alternative configuration of the subassembly,

FIG. 11 shows a perspective illustration of another embodiment of a pack with outer wrapper, namely a cigarette multipack,

FIG. 12 shows a blank for an outer wrapper for the pack according to FIG. 11,

FIG. 13 shows a section of a (film) web with prefabricated tear-open threads or strips applied in sections,

FIG. 14 shows a side view of a sub-region of an apparatus for producing and applying tear-open threads according to FIG. 13,

FIG. 15 shows a detail of the apparatus according to FIG. 14 in horizontal section or in a plan view corresponding to horizontal section XV-XV in FIG. 17, and

FIG. 16 and FIG. 17 show a detail of the apparatus according to FIG. 14 with elements in different positions, in a vertical section corresponding to section plane XVI-XVI in FIG. 14.

The drawings shows cigarette packs as the preferred application cases, to be precise a hinge-lid box 10 (hinge-lid pack) and a multipack for cigarette packs, namely a cigarette multipack 11 (FIG. 11). The abovementioned packs are rigid packs made of (thin) cardboard and are each enclosed by an outer wrapper. The latter consists of a thin, transparent plastic film, in particular shrink films made of cellophane, although it may also consist of some other packaging material, for example paper.

A blank 12, 13 for forming the outer wrapper comprises a front wall 14, rear wall 15 and side walls 16, 17. The blanks 12, 13 also form end walls 18 and a base wall 19 (hinge-lid box 10). The side wall 16 is positioned as a continuous material strip between the front wall 14 and rear wall 15, while the opposite side wall 17 comprises an outer side flap 20 and an inner side flap 21. The two side flaps 20, 21 overlap one another and are connected to one another by sealing or adhesive bonding. The end wall 18 and base wall 19 comprise end flaps 22, 23 which extend over the entire length of the blank 12, 13.

The resulting blank 12, 13, in a first folding step, is folded in a U-shaped manner, as is known, around the pack, namely hinge-lid box 10 or cigarette multipack 11. The side flaps 20, 21, which initially project beyond the pack, are folded one after the other, with partial overlapping (FIGS. 1 and 11). The end flaps 22, 23 are then folded in order to form the end wall 18 and the base wall 19, respectively.

In order to open the pack unit or the outer wrapper, a tear-open thread 24 is fitted on the pack or on the outer wrapper thereof. The possibly strip-like tear-open thread 24 is connected, preferably to the inside of the blank 12, 13, by adhesive bonding or sealing. Integrally formed at one end of the open-ended tear-open thread 24 is a grip tab 25 which is formed from the blank 12, 13 and, when the pack is complete, extends at the border of the side wall 17 or the side flap 20 and can thus be gripped by hand. With the aid of this grip tab 25, the tear-open thread 24 can be drawn off, the outer wrapper or the blank 12, 13 being severed in the process.

The tear-open thread 24 is fitted on the blank 12, 13 in a particular configuration, such that the outer wrapper is severed essentially diagonally in the region of the large-surface-area pack sides by the cut-off tear-open thread 24. This allows corner caps of the outer wrapper which are formed to be easily drawn off diagonally.

The (single-piece) tear-open thread 24 is positioned on the blank 12, 13 such that, in the region of the front wall 14, on the one hand, and of the rear wall 15, on the other hand, it follows a more or less diagonal course (in a common imaginary diagonal plane). Accordingly, thread sections 26, 27 extend approximately from one bottom pack corner 28 to the diagonally opposite pack corner 29. In the case of the actual example, the thread section 26, 27 runs at a small distance in each case from the relevant pack corner 28, 29, and thus from the base 19, on the one hand, and the end wall 18, on the other hand. In the region adjacent to these pack corners 28, 29, that is to say at the ends of the thread sections 26, 27 in each case, the tear-open thread forms a rounded portion 30 as a transition into transversely directed, rectilinear thread sections 31, 32. A continuous thread section 31 extends, in the region of the single-piece side wall 16, transversely beyond the latter and directly adjacent to, and above, the base wall 19. The other thread section 32 extends in the top region—adjacent to the end wall 18 and beneath the same—in the region of the side wall 17. This thread section 32 comprises two partially overlapping sub-sections. Accordingly, the tear-open thread is arranged such that its ends overlap. In the region of the outer side flap 20, a grip tab 25 is provided on the segment of the thread section 32.

One special feature is the production of the blanks 12, 13 from a continuous web 33, from which blanks 12, 13 are cut off along a severing cut 68 in a blank subassembly 34 of the packaging machine (FIG. 3). The tear-open thread 24 is applied to the continuous web 33, preferably with continuous conveying movement. In this case, the likewise continuously fed tear-open thread 24 is guided, and positioned on the web 33, so as to achieve a more or less meandering or undulating configuration of the tear-open thread 24 (FIG. 2). The resulting thread sections 31, 32, which run in the longitudinal direction of the web 33, are of different lengths. On account of the side flaps 20, 21 located one beside the other, the thread section 32, which is directed toward the end wall 18, is longer than the thread section 31 in the region of the side wall 16.

The operation of applying the tear-open thread 24 to the continuous web 33 involves a process-related and equipment-related special feature. The tear-open thread 24 is transferred to the web 33 by a guide element, in the present case by a rotating guide roller 35, the latter being fitted on a mount. The tear-open thread 24 is fed such that a sufficient thread section butts against the circumference of the guide roller 35. The latter can be moved transversely to the continuously conveyed web 33 by a particular, controlled gear mechanism such that the tear-open thread 24 is applied to the web 33 so as to follow a course which is shown in FIGS. 2 and 12 or one which is similar.

An apparatus for applying the tear-open thread 24 to the web 33 is expediently a constituent part of the packaging machine (FIG. 3). The subassembly is indicated as detail IV. Accordingly, the web 33, which is drawn off from reels 38, is fed to a thread unit 39. This is shown, by way of example, in FIG. 4.

The tear-open thread 24 is drawn off from a thread reel 40. The tear-open thread 24 is expediently provided with adhesive on one side, namely on the side which is directed toward the web 33. The thread reel 40 is driven in rotation, to be precise, in the case of this example, with a constant conveying speed of the drawn-off tear-open thread 24. The tear-open thread is guided over compensating rollers 41, which can be moved relative to one another and bring about conveying compensation to the tear-open thread 24 during start-up and stoppage of the packaging machine, that is to say in operating situations which differ from the standard operating procedure.

The actual thread subassembly comprises two gear units 42, 43. The gear unit 42 serves for compensating for -the conveying speed of the tear-open thread 24 on account of the relative movement between the web 33 and tear-open thread 24. The gear unit 43 executes the controlled transverse movements of the transfer. element, that is to say of the guide roller 35, for the tear-open thread 24.

With a constant drawing-off speed of the tear-open thread 24 in the region of the thread reel 40, the gear unit 42 has to provide an increased conveying speed of the tear-open thread 24 during formation of the thread section 26 and 27. In the region of the thread-sections 31 and 32, the conveying speed of the tear-open thread 24 essentially corresponds to that of the web 33.

The gear unit 42 forms an alternating thread-length supply which, at increased conveying speed, is reduced and, at the lower conveying speed, is built up again. This thread supply comprises a thread loop as a result of deflection about a movable dancer roller 44. The latter is fitted in a displaceable manner on a carrier 45, namely in a slot guide 46. Two further, fixed deflector rollers 47, 48 for the tear-open thread are fitted on the carrier 45. The dancer roller 44 is mounted centrally between the deflecting rollers 47, 48, albeit in an offset manner in relation to the same, with the result that, when the dancer roller 44 is displaced, the distance from the deflecting rollers 47, 48 increases or decreases.

The dancer roller 44 is controlled in precise correspondence with the movement sequence of the web 33 and tear-open thread 24. For this purpose, the dancer roller 44 is assigned a servomotor 49 as drive element. This, is connected to the dancer roller 44 via a gear mechanism, to be precise via a crank mechanism 50. FIG. 9 shows that side of the carrier 45, with the crank mechanism 50, which is directed away from FIG. 4, a connecting rod 51 being connected to the dancer roller 44. The servomotor 49 acts on a crank 52.

The gear unit 43 controls the movements of the guide roller 35, to be precise doubly so: on the one hand, in respect of the necessary movements of the guide roller 35 transverse to the web 33 and, on the other hand, in respect of the correct angle position of the guide roller 35 such that the latter is aligned with the angle position of the tear-open thread 24 in relation to the web 33.

The guide roller 35 is fitted on a transversely movable carrier, namely on a guide carriage 53, for the transverse movement. This guide carriage can be displaced on a transverse guide 54. Driving takes place via a tie rod 55, which may be driven by a servomotor or is controlled, via a supporting roller, by a cam.

The guide roller 35 is fastened on the guide carriage 53 by way of a carrying component 56, that is to say it is mounted on the carrying component 56 by way of a fork-like, pivotable mount 57. The mount 57 can be rotated or pivoted with the guide roller 35 about an axis, namely transversely to the axis of the guide roller 35. It is thus possible for the guide roller 35 to assume different angle positions. Fitted beneath the carrying component 56 is a pivoting gear mechanism, which comprises a connecting rod 58 which is connected to a pivoting arm 60 of the mount 57 via an articulation 59. It is also the case that the control of the connecting rod 58 is not shown here, and it takes place analogously to the control of the tie rod 55, such that the guide roller 35 is always oriented in the feed direction of the tear-open thread 24. FIG. 6 shows a position of the guide roller 35 during formation of the obliquely directed thread section 26, 27.

The guide roller 35 is of particular design, with the result that it can perform a double function, that is to say, on the one hand, that of guiding the tear-open thread 24 and, on the other hand, that of pressing the same onto the web 33. This is because the guide roller 35 has lateral elevations which do not take effect in the region where the tear-open thread 24 butts against the web 33. For this purpose, the guide roller 35 comprises three individual rollers 61, 62, 63. The central individual roller 62 accommodates the tear-open thread 24 on the circumference, while the lateral individual rollers 61, 63 perform the function of flanged wheels. The individual rollers 61, 62, 63 can be rotated independently of one another and are mounted on a fixed carrying spindle 64 by means of rolling-contact bearings. The carrying spindle 64 comprises offset sections, in a manner similar to a crankshaft. The individual rollers 61, 62, 63 are arranged such that the central individual roller 62 rotates centrally in relation to an imaginary axis, while the lateral individual rollers 61, 63 rotate in an offset manner, with the result that, in the region where the tear-open thread 24 is transferred to the web 33, the individual rollers 61, 62, 63 always have their circumferential surfaces aligned in a circumferential plane (FIG. 8).

In order that the tear-open thread 24 achieves a sufficient region of wrap around the guide roller 35, a supporting roller 36 is fitted beneath the guide roller, namely beneath the carrying component 56, and deflects the tear-open thread 24 to a slight extent, and guides it, in relation to the guide roller 35.

The conveying movement of the tear-open thread 24 in the region of transfer to the web 33 is achieved by the conveying speed of the web 33. The latter draws along the tear-open thread 24 with it as a result of the adhesive connection. The transfer of the tear-open thread 24 to the web 33 takes place in the region of a deflecting roller 65 of the web 33. The guide roller 35 butts against the same. The deflecting roller 65 is mounted in an elastic manner, namely on a pivoting arm 66, which is loaded in the direction of the guide roller 35 by a compression spring 67.

FIG. 10 shows an alternative to the thread unit 39 according to FIG. 4. The gear unit 43 here corresponds to the embodiment according to FIG. 4. A modification has been made in the region of the gear unit 42. The dancer roller 44 with servodrive is replaced by a compensating element which exclusively rotates. This rotating compensating disk 37, the tear-open thread 24 butting against its circumference, as a result of its eccentric shape, during each revolution, brings about length compensation in accordance with the different conveying speeds of the tear-open thread 24.

In the case of the present example, the packaging machine and its subassemblies are set up for double-web operation. The (double-width) web 33 comprises two blank webs. Accordingly, the thread unit 39 is set up for the operation of fitting two tear-open threads 24 at the same time. Correspondingly, two identically equipped thread reels 40 are also provided, that is to say are arranged one above the other. The rest of the elements of the thread unit 39 and/or of the gear units 42 and 43 are set to processing of the two tear-open threads 24 either by appropriate dimensioning or by being provided in a double arrangement. In particular, two guide rollers 35 are thus provided, these being actuated and/or adjusted simultaneously by common elements.

The cigarette multipack 11 according to FIG. 11 is produced in an analogous manner to the hinge-lid box 10 as far as the outer wrapper is concerned. The blank 12 (FIG. 12) is designed such that the obliquely directed thread sections 26, 27 have a proportionally greater length in relation to the thread sections 31, 32. Otherwise, the outer wrappers are of corresponding design.

It is also possible for the tear-open thread 24 or tear-open strip to be produced in sections and fed to an individual blank 12 or the web 33 made of film or the like (FIGS. 13 to 17). In this case, respectively complete tear-open threads 24 are produced and positioned on the web 33. In the case of the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 13, the individual tear-open threads 24 have the same contour as in the exemplary embodiment according to FIGS. 1 and 2. However, the tear-open thread has part of the thread section 32 extending into the grip tab 25. Another end of the thread section 32 is spaced apart from the grip tab 25 of the adjacent blank 12, with the result that the tear-open thread 24, overall, is fitted in an offset manner on the blank 12.

Since the tear-open thread 24 of the present contour is produced in complete form, other configurations are also possible, in particular without rounded portions 30, that is to say, for example, in zigzag form or with different corners.

The thread unit 39 for producing and fitting tear-open threads 24 in FIG. 13 operates with (at least) one severing cutter, namely a thread cutter 69, 70, for cutting off a contoured tear-open thread 24 from the leading end of the material web, namely of a thread web 71, 72. The thread cutter 69, 70 corresponds in shape to that of the tear-open thread 24 which is to be cut off, that is to say, in the present case, it is approximately V-shaped or of meandering form.

The thread web 71, 72 is fed to a cutting block 73 of the thread unit 39 transversely to the web 33. The thread cutter 69, 70 can be moved up and down within the cutting block 73. A leading end of the thread web 71, 72 is held ready as a projection, corresponding to the width of the tear-open thread 24 which is to be cut off, within the cutting block 73. The thread web 71, 72, within the cutting block 73, runs in a slot-like guide 74 and/or between a top and bottom guide roller 75, 76. For the severing cut, the thread cutter 69, 70 is moved upward out of a bottom, starting position (FIG. 17). Formed above the thread web 71, 72 is a fixed mating cutter 77, which has the same contour as the thread cutter 69, 70. The severing cut is executed as a result of the relative movement, a tear-open thread 24 thus being cut off as the leading end of the thread web 71, 72.

The thread cutter 69, 70 feeds the cut-off tear-open thread 24, as (upward) movement continues, directly to the web 33 and positions the tear-open thread 24 on the underside of the web 33 and presses it against the same (FIG. 16). For this purpose, the thread cutter 69, 70 is designed as a (shaped, contoured) carrier or bar 85 which can be moved up and down in an upright, likewise contoured recess 78 of the cutting block 73. In order to retain the tear-open thread. 24, the bar 85 is provided with suction bores 79 on the top side adjacent to the thread cutter 69, 70. The suction bores 79 are connected to a negative-pressure source at least during the transporting phase of the tear-open thread 24.

The web 33 is conveyed throughout the cutting block 73 in a (top) guide slot 80. On the side located opposite to the severing cutter 69, 70, an (elastic) pressure-exerting component 81 is formed in the cutting block 73 as an abutment when the tear-open thread 24 is pressed on. The pressure-exerting component 81 may be heated in order for the tear-open thread 24 to be attached by sealing.

It is also the case with this exemplary embodiment that the web 33 is conveyed continuously. A web section 82 in the region of thread unit 39 and/or of the cutting block 73, however, is controlled such that a temporary standstill takes place, that is to say as the tear-open thread 24 is being fitted. For this purpose, the web 33 is guided via two pivotably mounted compensating pendulum arrangements 83, 84 which can be moved back and forth synchronously. This mechanism, which is known per se, brings about a momentary standstill of the web section 82 despite essentially continuous driving operation.

The contoured bars 85 as carriers of the thread cutters 69, 70 have their ends fitted on a (horizontal) carrying arm 86 in each case. The latter is mounted in a machine framework and can be moved up and down in a slot 87, in order to allow the operation of severing the tear-open strip 24 and of feeding the same to the web 33.

The apparatus which is illustrated in FIGS. 14 to 17 is likewise set up for two-web operation. Accordingly, two thread webs 71, 72 are fed to a correspondingly designed cutting block 73, to be precise in a manner in which they are arranged one above the other. The top thread web 71 is led directly into the cutting block 73, while the bottom thread web 72 initially runs beneath the cutting block 73 and is subsequently directed upward, via deflecting rollers 88, and then into a horizontal plane. The web 33 is a double width, with the result that in each case two blanks 12 are located one behind the other in the transverse direction.

LIST OF DESIGNATIONS

  • 10 Hinge-lid box
  • 11 Cigarette multipack
  • 12 Blank
  • 13 Blank
  • 14 Front wall
  • 15 Rear wall
  • 16 Side wall
  • 17 Side wall
  • 18 End wall
  • 19 Base wall
  • 20 Side flap
  • 21 Side flap
  • 22 End flap
  • 23 End flap
  • 24 Tear-open thread
  • 25 Grip tab
  • 26 Thread section
  • 27 Thread section
  • 28 Pack corner
  • 29 Pack corner
  • 30 Rounded portion
  • 31 Thread section
  • 32 Thread section
  • 33 Web
  • 34 Blank subassembly
  • 35 Guide roller
  • 36 Supporting roller
  • 37 Compensating disk
  • 38 Reel
  • 39 Thread unit
  • 40 Thread reel
  • 41 Compensating roller
  • 42 Gear unit
  • 43 Gear unit
  • 44 Dancer roller
  • 45 Carrier
  • 46 Slot guide
  • 47 Deflecting roller
  • 48 Deflecting roller
  • 49 Servomotor
  • 50 Crank mechanism
  • 51 Connecting rod
  • 52 Crank
  • 53 Guide carriage
  • 54 Transverse guide
  • 55 Tie rod
  • 56 Carrying component
  • 57 Mount
  • 58 Connecting rod
  • 59 Articulation
  • 60 Pivoting arm
  • 61 Individual roller
  • 62 Individual roller
  • 63 Individual roller
  • 64 Carrying spindle
  • 65 Deflecting roller
  • 66 Pivoting arm
  • 67 Compression spring
  • 68 Severing cut
  • 69 Thread cutter
  • 70 Thread cutter
  • 71 Thread web
  • 72 Thread web
  • 73 Cutting block
  • 74 Guide
  • 75 Guide roller
  • 76 Guide roller
  • 77 Mating cutter
  • 78 Recess
  • 79 Suction bore
  • 80 Guide slot
  • 81 Pressure-pendulum arrangement
  • 82 Web section
  • 83 Compensating pendulum arrangement
  • 84 Compensating pendulum arrangement
  • 85 Bar
  • 86 Carrying arm
  • 87 Slot
  • 88 Deflecting roller





 
Previous Patent: Expandable document bag

Next Patent: Delivery box