Title:
Module based building system
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
Building system for utilising in vertical direction of an existing volume for example in mountain halls, hangars or free standing. The builidng system comprises in combination a number of pillars (6) constructed as vertical bearing elements, preferably having a quadratic cross-section, and with a lower termination in the form of a plate (8) or similar element for increased stability and weight distribution. Furthermore, a number of main beams (5) are provided, constructed as horizontal beating elements, for connection to the upper termination of the pillars (6), and a number of secondary beams (7) constructed for connection between two main beams (5). A deck in the form of substantially plane elements (4), for example arranged as gratings, is supported against the secondary beams (7), and forming a basis for storing objects such as pallets, containers, vehicles, etc.



Inventors:
Hofstad, Stein (Jonsvannveien, NO)
Application Number:
10/512365
Publication Date:
11/17/2005
Filing Date:
04/14/2003
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E04B5/10; E04B5/14; E04C3/07; E04F11/00; E04F11/02; E04H6/10; E04B1/24; (IPC1-7): E04H12/00
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Primary Examiner:
PAINTER, BRANON C
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
James E Bradley (Houston, TX, US)
Claims:
1. A modular building system comprising in combination a number of pillars constructed as vertical bearing elements, each having a cross-section, and a lower termination in the form of a plate for increased stability and weight distribution, a number of main beams designed as horizontal bearing elements, for connection to upper terminations of the pillars, a number of secondary beams designed for connection between and perpendicular to two main beams; a deck in the form of substantially planar elements, arranged as gratings for support by the secondary beams and for forming a basis for storing objects; each of the main beams comprising two adjoining secondary beams connected side-by-side to each other; a connection plate secured between each main beam and one of the secondary beams; and a pillar top comprising a longitudinal sleeve having a cross section corresponding to the cross-section of the pillars and which slides onto the top end of the pillar, the main beams being connected to the pillar tops.

2. (canceled)

3. The building system according to claim 1, characterised in that, plurality of brackets extend from the longitudinal sleeve of the pillar top, the brackets being provided with holes for connection between the adjoining parts of the main beams.

4. The building system according to claim 1, characterised in that each of the pillar tops at its upper end is equipped with a fixed plate for contact with the top end of one of the pillars.

5. The building system according to claim 1, characterised in that each of the connection plates comprises a plate part, having a number of connection holes for connection to one of the secondary beams, and upper and lower angular connections on a first end of the plate part, equipped with connection holes for connection between the two secondary beams forming a main beam.

Description:

Present invention concerns a module based building system, according to the introductory part of patent claim 1.

In connection to novel use of existing buildings, such as mountain halls, hangars etc., there is a need for a better exploitation of the available volume. For example, this can be solved by using previously known shelves or shelf systems, or other solutions where the object to be stored is lifted up on a bearing construction.

There are also different kinds of ramp solutions, where, for example, vehicles can be driven up on ramps and a number thereof can be stored in the height direction.

Existing solution for exploitation of rooms having a relatively large height to the ceiling, have, however, a number of disadvantaged. Shelf systems give a limited possibility for storing different objects, and existing ramp solutions are not very flexible.

Thus, there is a need for providing a module based building system, which in a simple way can be mounted and dismounted according to needs, form a consecutive area having bearing ability for vehicles, and, furthermore, can be transported in standard containers.

The object of present invention is met by a device as stated in the characterising part of patent claim 1. Further feature are clear from the following dependent claims.

In the following, the invention shall be described more in detail, by means of a preferred example of embodiment, and with reference to the enclosed drawings, where

FIG. 1 shows a first example of a construction of a mezzanine, comprising a module based building system according to a present invention,

FIG. 2 shows a mezzanine module, witch is a part of present invention,

FIG. 3 shows an exploded drawing of the mezzanine module from FIG. 2,

FIG. 4 shows a first, preferred embodiment of a connection to a pillar, which is a part of present invention,

FIG. 5 shows a pillar top, used in FIG. 4,

FIG. 6 shows a first, preferred embodiment of a connection for crossbeams, according to present invention,

FIG. 7 shows a bracket used in the example in FIG. 6,

FIG. 8 shows second embodiment of a connection for a crossbeam in present invention,

FIG. 9 shows a second embodiment of a connection to a pillar, according to present invention,

FIG. 10 shows a stairway module according to present invention,

FIG. 11 shows a ramp module according to present invention,

FIG. 12 shows the fastening of a cross leg,

FIG. 13 shows a handrail for use according to present invention,

FIG. 14 shows how the different elements can be stored in a standard container,

FIG. 15 shows a second example of building of a mezzanine according to present invention, and

FIG. 16 shows a third example of building of a mezzanine according to present invention.

In FIG. 1 is shown an example of building of a module based building system according to present invention, comprising a mezzanine, generally denoted 1. The mezzanine 1 comprises a number of mezzanine modules 2, in the example is shown two vehicles 3, carried on the deck which is formed on the mezzanine.

FIG. 2 shows a simple mezzanine module 2. It comprises a deck 4, which for example can be formed by a grating, or a different useful structure. Furthermore are situated bearing main beams 5, forming a bearing frame, and being connected to vertical pillars 6. Between two paired opposite beams 6 are situated a number of secondary beams 7, for further support of the deck 4.

From the exploded drawing in FIG. 3 is clear that the main beams 5 are formed by double beam profiles. Furthermore, it is shown in the drawing that the pillars 6 in this example are provided with pillar footing 8, for giving greater stability and better weight distribution towards the floor. FIG. 4 shows how the main beams are connected to the pillar in a preferred embodiment. On the pillar 6 is situated a pillar top 9, forming connection for the main beams 5. The pillar top 9 is shown more in detail in FIG. 5. It comprises a sleeve 10 having a quadratic cross section, fitted on the pillar 6. Outwardly extended brackets 11 are connected to the sleeve 10, being equipped with holes 12 for connection of main beams 5. The bracket 11 are extending perpendicularly on each of the areas of the sleeve 10, and in the longitudinal direction of said sleeves. A plate 13 is connected to the top, forming a stop when the sleeve 10 is fitted down on to the pillar 6.

FIG. 6 shows a preferred embodiment of a bracket 13 for connection of secondary beams 7 to the main beam 5. The bracket 13 is shown more in detail in FIG. 7, and comprises a plate part 14 having a number of connection holes 15 for connection to a secondary beam 7. In this example is shown four connection holes 15. At one end of the plate part 14 are situated upper and lower angular connection 16 and 17. The angular connections 16, 17 are equipped with connection hole for connection between the two beams forming a main beam 5.

FIG. 8 shows the second example of embodiment of angular bracket 18, for connection of the secondary beam 7 to the main beam 5. The angular bracket 18 has a profile corresponding to the profile of the main beam 5 and the secondary beam 7.

FIG. 9 shows a second example of connection of two main beams 5 to the pillar 6. In this embodiment, a lower bearing bracket 19 is connected to the pillar 6 and to a main beam 5.

Preferably, the main beams 5 are also connected to the pillar 6 by means of an upper connection link 20.

In FIG. 10 is shown a stairway module 21, comprising a stairway 22 and a handrail 23. FIG. 11 shows ramp module 24, comprising six pillars 6, having interconnected main beams 5 and a rear hinged driveway 25. The driveway 25 comprises two main beams 5, a number of secondary beams 7, and a deck 4. The driveway 25 can for example be lifted and lowered by means of a forklift. In order to create an even passage to the driveway 25, a driving block 26 is laid or connected in the front of the driveway 25. The driveway can also be equipped with an inspection lid (not shown), so that the ramp module can be used as a greasing bay for vehicles.

FIG. 12 shows how stiffening of the individual mezzanine modules 2 can be performed by means of a leg 27, connected to upper and lower end of two opposite pillars 6.

FIG. 13 shows a handrail 23, connected to the main beam 5 by means of handrail connection 28. The handrail connection 28 comprises two upwardly extending pins 29, for reception of the handrail 23.

The module based building system according to present invention is constructed for simple mounting/dismounting, and simple transport. In FIG. 14 is shown a standard 20″ container 30, for keeping, and optionally storing, the individual components which are parts in present building system. In dismounted condition, the length of the individual components are adapted so that the storing capacity in such a container 30 is utilised in the best possible way.

In FIG. 15 is shown an example of use of the module based building system according to present invention. The figure shows an arrangement 31, which for example can be built as mezzanine in a mountain hall, hangar, or similar. As is clear from the drawing, there are space for storing both below and above the bearing area.

FIG. 16 shows an embodiment where the module based building system according to present invention is mounted as a free-standing construction 32, and where roof beams 33 are connected to the mezzanine surface in a per se known manner. The construction 32 can for example be lined with a roof of plastic, in order to achieve a plastic hall on pillars, which also has storing capacity below floor level.

It is also possible in a simple way to build the system in several floors, for example by the pillar top shown in FIG. 5 being arranged in double length.