Octave pulse data method & apparatus
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A method for communicating octave pulse signature messages between a wireless virtual transaction terminal and a virtual host system over a wireless telecommunications network that includes a digital traffic channel that transports speech frames and subframes over selected air interface channels, a pulse code modulated circuits that conveys speech frames and subframes through public land mobile networks and publicly switched telecommunications networks. The method comprises compling a communicative message derived from stored conventional alpha numeric characters using conventional human machine interface apparatus, the apparatus may be comprised of personal digital assistant tablet tap screen; generating an octave pulse message at the wireless virtual transaction terminal, the message comprising a plurality of octave pulse resonant signature encoding constructs; and encoding each octave pulse resonant signature with complex harmonic waveforms associated with musical constructs interpreted as musical notation. The method comprises manipulating speech frames and subframes over air interface traffic channels and using pulse code modulated circuits to convey maniupulated speech frames and subframes. Then, a communicative message derived from stored alpha numeric characters is compiled for wireless voice and data communication.

Ladue, Christoph Karl (Santa Cruz, CA, US)
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G01D4/00; H04L1/00; H04L12/28; H04L12/56; H04L29/08; H04W28/06; H04W72/12; (IPC1-7): H04B7/00
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1. 1-3. (canceled)

4. A method of data communication over a digital voice communications network, comprising: receiving a data communication over a digital voice communications channel of the digital voice communications network, including a decoding key; performing frequency and time selective filtering on the data communication message in accordance with the decoding key; and decoding the data communication with octave pulse data decoding.

5. A method according to claim 4, wherein receiving the data communication comprises receiving a data communication with interleaved data frames and voice frames.

6. A method according to claim 4, wherein receiving the data communication comprises receiving a data communication with data frames from multiple data messages interleaved within the data communication, and wherein performing frequency and time selective filtering on the data communication message in accordance with the decoding key comprises selectively filtering the message according to separate decoding keys associated with each of the multiple data messages to extract the separate data messages from the data communication.

7. A method for encoding a data message, comprising: receiving characters of a data message; determining from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table harmonic pulses to associate with the characters of the data message; and generating a frame of harmonic pulses to represent the characters of the data message based on the determination.

8. A method according to claim 7, wherein determining from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table harmonic pulses to associate with the characters comprises selecting an encoding key that has a pre-assigned harmonic pulse for each character, and associating the pre-assigned harmonic pulse corresponding to the character.

9. A method according to claim 8, further comprising transmitting the encoding key with the data message over a voice communications channel.

10. A method according to claim 7, wherein determining from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table harmonic pulses to associate with the characters comprises performing a search of a table of a harmonic pulse signature conversion database for each character, and associating a harmonic pulse in the table that corresponds to each character.

11. A method according to claim 7, wherein generating the frame of harmonic pulses further comprises generating a frame of complex harmonic frequency pulses, one complex harmonic frequency pulse representing one character of the data message.

12. A method according to claim 11, wherein generating the frame of complex harmonic frequency pulses comprises generating a frame of pulses of tones.

13. A method according to claim 7, wherein generating the frame of harmonic pulses comprises grouping an octave of harmonic pulses into a frame.

14. An encoding apparatus comprising: an input to receive characters of a data message; an encoding engine to determine from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table harmonic pulses to associate with the characters of the data message and generate a frame of harmonic pulses to represent the characters of the data message based on the determination.

15. An encoding apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the encoding engine selects an encoding key that has a pre-assigned harmonic pulse for each character, and associates the pre-assigned harmonic pulse corresponding to the character.

16. An encoding apparatus according to claim 15, further comprising a transmitter to transmit the encoding key with the data message over a voice communications channel.

17. An encoding apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the encoding engine performs a search of a table of a harmonic pulse signature conversion database for each character, and associates a harmonic pulse in the table that corresponds to each character.

18. An encoding apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the encoding engine generates a frame of complex harmonic frequency pulses, one complex harmonic frequency pulse to represent one character of the data message.

19. An encoding apparatus according to claim 18, wherein the encoding engine generates a frame of pulses of tones.

20. An encoding apparatus according to claim 14, wherein the encoding engine groups an octave of harmonic pulses into a frame.

21. A method for decoding a data message, comprising: receiving a data message having harmonic pulses; determining from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table data characters to associate with the harmonic pulses of the data message; generating a series of data characters to represent the data message based on the determination.

22. A method according to claim 21, further comprising receiving an encoding key associated with the data message, and wherein determining from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table data characters to associate with the harmonic pulses comprises associating a harmonic pulse pre-assigned by the encoding key to each character.

23. A method according to claim 21, wherein determining from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table characters to associate with the harmonic pulses comprises performing a search of a table of a harmonic pulse signature conversion database for each harmonic pulse, and associating a character from the table that corresponds to each harmonic pulse.

24. A method according to claim 21, wherein determining from the harmonic pulse signature conversion table characters to associate with the harmonic pulses comprises determining characters to associate with complex harmonic frequency pulses, wherein one complex harmonic frequency pulse represents one character.

25. A method according to claim 24, wherein determining characters to associate with the complex harmonic frequency pulses comprises determining characters to associate with pulses of tones.

26. A method according to claim 21, wherein generating the series of data characters to represent the data message comprises generating a series of data characters from an octet burst of harmonic pulses.

27. A decoding apparatus comprising: a receiver to receive a data message having harmonic pulses; a decoder to determine from a harmonic pulse signature conversion table data characters to associate with the harmonic pulses of the data message and generate a series of data characters to represent the data message based on the determination.

28. A decoding apparatus according to claim 27, wherein the receiver receives the data message including a decoding key associated with the data message, and wherein decoder associates a harmonic pulse pre-assigned by the decoding key to each character.

29. A decoding apparatus according to claim 27, wherein the decoder performs a search of a table of a harmonic pulse signature conversion database for each harmonic pulse, and associates a character from the table that corresponds to each harmonic pulse.

30. A decoding apparatus according to claim 27, wherein the decoder determines characters to associate with complex harmonic frequency pulses, wherein one complex harmonic frequency pulse represents one character.

31. A decoding apparatus according to claim 30, wherein the decoder determines characters to associate with pulses of tones.

32. A decoding apparatus according to claim 27, wherein the decoder generates a series of data characters from an octet burst of harmonic pulses.

33. A decoding apparatus according to claim 27, further comprising a filter to selectively filter the received data message in frequency and time to extract separate harmonic pulses from the data message, and wherein the decoder determines characters to associate with the extracted harmonic pulses.



1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to providing unique Octave Pulse Data Messaging protocols that provide ubiquitous intra-system and intersystem connectivity, and other efficient message handling protocol topologies that enable virtual circuit fast packet switched (VCFP) transaction based protocol that enables wireless telemetry, Internet web clipping, WAP, WAE, WTA, WTP, WDP, and secure transaction based messaging such as stock sale, and point-of-sales (POS) transactions for; GSM 900/1800PCN, GSM 900/1900PCS, GPRS, UMTS, IMT-2000, IS-95CDMA a, b, c, IS-136TDMA a, b, c, Mobile Satellite systems such as Teledesic, Moetius, ICO and Skybridge, a plurality of terrestrial PLMN. PSTN system combinations and the like.

2. Description of Related Art

The birth of digital packet data communications technology in the late 60's and 70's occurred when the first successful transmission of digital information was transported over ARPA-Net the seminal virtual private network (VPN) that communicated over existing wired telephony infrastructure. This first packet transfer attempt was a failed “login procedure sent from one computer to another. This failed login data packet was received and rudimentarily processed by the other end of ARPA-NET, the birthplace of the Internet world-wide-web (WWW). This pioneering event gave birth to Information Technology (IT), as we know it today. What began as a communicative act between two mainframe computers in a wired network, evolved into the most important force of the New Century digital packet data. The first wireless data packet was transmitted between two computers using a radio channel at the University of Hawaii. This event marked the birth of the Aloha Net, the first wireless packet radio data network. Since the Early 70's wireless packet data has exponentially grown, and simultaneously evolved into an endless array of wireless data communications platforms. Today there are many types of wireless data standards, data packet formats, protocol management schemes, and just as many wireless and wireline data communications pathways to transport packet data. Wireless digital packet data supports-digital voice, codec voice, data messaging, telemetry data, web clipping, and other abbreviated Internet services.

There is much talk in the Wireless Press and mass market media about wireless internet services, such as wireless e-mail, wireless web browsing, web clipping, Wireless Application Protocol (WAP), wireless markup language (WML), and the like. With all the inherent complexity of these proposed systems there is a need for simple data protocol and virtual network management systems, the invention fulfills this need. The invention provides elegantly simple transaction based wireless data protocols, virtual data network systems protocols, and inter format gateway processes and procedures unique in the art today. The invention provides protocols, technical procedures, and business case procedures that operate seamlessly within the substrate layers of a plurality of public wireless wireline network, Internet modalities and topologies. The invention uniquely enables wireless, public land mobile network (PLMN) and Internet based web clipping services, non-WAP web-browsing sessions, stock transaction reporting, point-of-sales (POS), new service information delivery, road condition reporting, telematics, mobile-concierge data, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) services, and GPS driven location service applications. Additional applications contained within this definition for example is the inventions intelligent sleeve terminal that further enables personal digital assistant (PDA) applications, communications and the like. The invention provides the firmware, software and ergonomic means of enabling PDAs to operate as digital cellular phones that provide speech to text, text to speech, stored compressed speech messages, simultaneous voice and octave pulse data messaging and the like.

The other side of the application specific spectrum is telemetry data. Telemetry data and application specific system management combined, is the dirty workhorse of “emerging wireless data technology. Wireless telemetry data is little black boxes with antennas sticking out of tops of metal or plastic enclosures, or sealed within the glass enclosure of an electrical power meter, or under the front seat of an intercontinental long haul semi truck that is bursting GPS, and other status information. Wireless telemetry systems are little boxes stuck off in factories, buried in weather beaten enclosures measuring and reporting pipeline flow and aggregate pressure. Application specific telematic and telemetry systems are typically set inside commercial and residential security systems, utility power meters, natural gas meters, and traffic control systems. Wireless telemetry terminals are little robotic brains that keep it all together. Today with few exceptions wireless telemetry data systems tends to mimic the conventional protocols, and processes that reflect a technical adaptation of conventional wireless terrestrial trunked radio systems such as: cellular, personal communications systems (PCS), trunked mobile radio (MTR), and conventional specialized mobile radio (SMR). Now, with new generation wireless data systems and protocol standards such as GSM 900/1800PCN, GSM 900/1900PCS, and GSM related General Packet Radio System (GPRS) Universal Mobile Telephone System (UMTS), conventional and new generation circuit switched cellular, the invention enables a new paradigm of simplified wireless data technology. Today telemetry, abbreviated Internet web clipping services, push technology, and stock market data information is transported through the same air interface, switching matrixes as modernized data, that produces bearer and teleservice information. For price sensitive web clipping, new service delivery, and telemetry for example, a new efficient and low cost transaction based octave pulse data-virtual circuit fast packet switched (OPD-VCFP) paradigm must emerge if low cost application specific data services are going to proliferate in a seamless fashion globally as it should.

Application specific data (ASD) is now modernized as connection based circuit switched data operating with analog and digital cellular networks worldwide. ASD data suffers globally because it is subject to much inherent complexity, low level of reliability and high cost. Many companies are also using short message service data (SMS) for Internet based abbreviated web clipping services, news service reporting, telemetry data and the like. SMS was originally intended for “paging like, text messages. SMS network elements and protocols are very similar to POCSAG-paging, Flex two-way paging, and other such systems. SMS was originally designed as a cellular paging modality that reflects non-cellular paging system formats, message management, and network element topologies. Paging and SMS is an unreliable, slow and costly medium for application specific data such as telemetry, as abbreviated Internet web clipping services, news services, stock reporting, and is not designed for time critical delivery to the user. SMS is subject to fraud, and consumes much host network bandwidth in relation to its per unit revenue model. Also SMS as it exists today is configured with a hodgepodge of data-bit standards. One SMS telemetry modem built by the Siemans company for example may not operate properly in a network built by Alcatel, Lucent or Erricson. The same SMS incompatibility issues also plague time critical web clipping services, stock reporting and stock purchase transaction services All four organizations are supposed to conform to one GSM-900/1800PCN SMS format, supported ETS Standards. They do not. The invention elegantly solves these incompatibility issues.

The invention is a synthesis of key theoretical elements and practical procedures drawn from a multiplicity of disparate yet synergistically integrated sources. Two foundational resources drawn upon here is Cybernetics and General Systems Theory (GST), which are two converged disciplines of theoretical thought that emerged after World War II. An important component of these seminal theories evolved in parallel as a culminating event in 1948. Dr. Claude Shannon a Bell Labs theorist and engineer published a paper based upon a concept called “Information Theory, now an important component of General System Theory (GST). In 1864 James C. Maxwell predicted electromagnetic radiation. In 1867 Maxwell proposed that light is an electromagnetic wave, and the equations that he constructed for it implied that there are others. The spectrum of visible light, from red to violet, is only an octave or so in the range of invisible radiations. In the universe there is a whole “cosmic music database, of information, all the way from the longest wavelengths of radio waves, “the low notes, to the shortest wavelengths of X-rays and beyond. “the highest notes. His theorem essentially defined electromagnetism and in 1887 Heinrich Hertz verified Maxwell's seminal theorem and further codified various spectral parameters produced in the carrier waves, such as phasing, amplitude, and bandwidth constructs that are fundamental key components of all radio phenomenon. Maxwell and Hertz's seminal work thus made radio and telephony based communications possible along with other pioneers such as Marconi. Shannon later extended Maxwell's, and Hertz's work, with his breakthrough Information Theorem. Before Shannon Harry Nyquist of Bell Laboratories defined his cogent “Sampling Theorem in 1928.

Shannon's epiphany enabled the realization of all electronic data communications from the 1950's to the present day. From the Internet and digital television, to the inventions Octave Pulse Data (OPD) that comprises important protocols and services for its octave pulse based, virtual transaction based data network (VTDN): all is made possible because of Shannon's work. One of the tenets of Information Theory is that the content of the information is irrelevant. Therefore it can be postulated that in any telecommunications system protocol is king, for what is most important in terms of information processing is how algorithms are managed, within the aggregate assemblages of core structures evidenced in well thought out and simplified virtual data communications modalities. Octave pulse data is a form of isomorphic process that occurs in a wireless networking environment i.e. replacing one thing with another without effecting any obvious change to host network elements. Therefore octave pulse data modalities are transparent to selected host wireless communications network, and cause no disruption to the host data communications pathways and network elements.

Another luminary of physics was Werner Heisenberg. In 1927 he constructed a new characterization of the electron. He said that an electron is a particle that yields only limited information. That is an electron's location can be specified at this instant, however we cannot impose on it a specific speed and direction at the “setting-off. Or conversely, if one attempts to fire it at a certain speed in a direction, then one cannot specify exactly what its starting-point is, or of course, its end-point. This description sounds like a very crude characterization, it is not. Heisenberg gave it depth by making it precise. The information that the electron carries is limited in its totality. That is, for instance, its speed and its position fit together in such a way that they are confined by the tolerance of the quantum. This is the profound idea: one of the great scientific ideas, not only of the 20th and 21st Centuries, but also in the history of science. Heisenberg called this the “Principle of Uncertainty. In one sense, it is a robust principle of the everyday, and is core to all modern communication theory, and practical communication system design and operation.

We know that we cannot expect the world and its wireless communication systems to be exact and to be always predictable in terms of performance and predictable. Heisenberg's principle says that no events, not even atomic events, can be described and thus maintained with certainty, that is, with zero tolerance. What makes the principle profound is that Heisenberg specifies the tolerance that can be reached. The measuring rod is Max Planck's quantum. In 1900 Planck published a seminal paper that stated “in a world in which matter comes in lumps, energy must come in lumps, i.e. quanta also.” In the world of the atom: photons, electrons and neutrons, the area of uncertainty are always mapped out by the quantum. Every communications related algorithm, every protocol, every modulation scheme is an act of attempting to increase with certainty, wireless communication system tolerances, and performance. This central quest for certainty expresses itself within the constructs of the present invention in one key means and method. The “search for system simplicity.

Simplifying the flow of data information in wired and wireless “pipelines, and reducing bandwidth hungry overhead and over complex information routing and handling, creates increased diversity for effective application specific data content transport, management and processing. Simplifying any information flow, whether it's a chemical, biological, or an atomic particle medium, improves information transfer efficiency. Consequently it is not what the information content is, but how conventional data bit information increments can be simply converted to, and transported as, discrete octave pulse signatures with speech frame constructs. Octave pulses are designed as information transport mediums that operate perfectly through a plurality of pulse code modulated (PCM) wired mediums, that use pulse amplitude modulation (PAM), and other pulsed transmission based mediums. In terms of wireless mediums, octave pulses are transported through digital air interface speech channels, using traditional GSM-TDMA Gaussian minimum shift keying (GMSK), and other TDMA and CDMA systems using quadrature shift key (QSK) and binary shit key (BSK) modulation schemes respectively. Such logically defined air interface channels that are endemic to GSM TDMA, IS-136-TDMA digital cellular and its variants, IS-95-CDMA, CDMA-2000 digital cellular and its variants are perfect mediums to transparently transport octave pulse data (OPD).

Pulse code modulation (PCM) is essentially analog-to-digital conversion of a special type where the information contained in the instantaneous samples of an analog signal is represented by digital words in a serial bitstream. There is nothing new about PCM, Alex Reeves predicted the means and methods of PCM in 1937. This seminal input or encoded conversion process begins as samples of voice information waveform is data sampled and converted to digital bit streaming information. PCM is an example of envelope encoding. PCM is also known as adaptive delta pulse code modulation (ADPCM). Thusly, the output or decoded conversion process begins as the received bit stream is converted back to analog voice waveform. Eleven years earlier than Reeves, Harry Nyquist of Bell Laboratories defined his cogent “Sampling Theorem. He posited that the sampling frequency determines the limit of audio frequencies that can be reproduced digitally. Also, the highest frequency that can be accurately represented is one-half of the sampling rate. Nyquist's important theorem was key to Alex Reeve's work in mathematics that defined pulse code modulation (PCM). Shannon's, Nyquist's and Reeve's breakthroughs are key to understanding the means and method of the present invention.

All TDMA and CDMA air interface traffic-speech channels, and PCM circuits convert and process voice information in essentially the same means and methods. These familiar methods encompass processes such as convolutional codes, code interleaving and the like, and are essential to such modulation coding schemes as binary phase shift keying (BPSK) and quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK). According to Shannon All BPSK and QPSK related codes and their variants achieve coding gains at the expense of bandwidth expansion. That is, when the redundant bits used in any channel space are used to provide coding gains, the overall data rate and, consequently bandwidth is increased for the same information rate. Typically in digital voice frame constructs overall information rate exchange on both ends is reduced. Therefore these convolutional codes are not incorporated into modems and thus modem protocols. Designers tend to limit the best component structures of a given medium in order to achieve a much lessor degree of performance. This thinking is reminiscent of the former days of oil exploration, when petroleum companies used to drain off the gasoline and discard it, for it was deemed useless until the automobile came along. This fact alone limits sending conventional modernized data over GSM-TDMA, TDMA and CDMA air interface digital speech and pulse code modulated (PCM) channels without using a specialized modem on each end of the communications event. Most wireless and networking protocols are based on old “pyramidal thinking. Interestingly the invention uses these modulation code limitations inherent in PCM based PSTN, GSM TDMA, IS-95 CDMA and IS-136 TDMA to their best technical performance advantage, thus maximizing the original design of these conventional systems, without relying upon old thinking that originally formalized these old concepts.

Therefore, the invention enables transport of high-speed octave pulse signatures through conventional digital voice channel frames and subframes without taxing finite data and voice channel bandwidth limits. These digital transport means are inherent with respect to selected host network bearer service and teleservice data pathways and networks elements. These bearer service and teleservice feature sets are essential to GSM, IS-95 CDMA, IS-136 TDMA, wideband CDMA, Wideband TDMA, UMTS, GPRS, IMT-2000 and CDMA-2000. The invention dramatically streamlines these systems and services. This streamlining process enables a merging of PDA centered services, telemetry services and web-clipping services within the substrate layers of one grand ubiquitous protocol method and process called the Octave Pulse-Virtual Transaction based Data Network (OP-VTDN). OP-VTDN also embodies the inventions modified short message service messaging (MSMS) and network routing protocols that in fact also encompass octave pulse data (OPD) means and methods. OPD combines the structured language of music and processes of creating and storing digital music, with the language processes of generating digital data during the venerable processes of converting analog voice, and sound into digital bit streams travelling through selected digital traffic channels. This important multi source synthesis in fact creates a cogent modality that is unprecedented in the wireless data and networking world. OPD is a new digital data communications language protocol, that will revolutionize everything we know about digital data information processing, analog information sampling, analog to digital quantizing means and methods, and how OPD is applied to the wireless networking communications paradigm.

Information Theory posits the conversion of all electronic based information into quantifiable elements called binary, hex and decimal data. Messaging character structures are typically formatted in four and eight bit bytes for example. Zeros and Ones are the discrete units that fundamentally define what most observe in the technological reductionist universe. This concept also dominates current communication system design thinking. According to Shannon, it isn't what you know about a particular increment of data information, it's what you don't know or detect which matters in wireless data communications. Shannon's perspective is fundamental to the concept of using and manipulating existing speech frames, data messaging protocols, data packet modalities and packet routing patterns. The invention's core concepts are fundamental to its solutions. “take an existing data, manipulate that data, as a result of data manipulation, a new communication system paradigm emerges, that moves towards higher efficiency because of its core simplicity. All attempts to differentiate one radio modulation scheme from any other, one data transmission scheme from another, whether its spreading codes or defining data frames in temporally defined increments, are attempts to manipulate scarce radio spectrum. The inventions core protocol approach extends Shannon's thinking to new heights. One attempt in the art invented by Gottfried Underboeck is called trellis-coded modulation (TCM). TCM combines multilevel modulation and coding to achieve coding gain without bandwidth expansion. TCM has been adopted for use in the CCITT-ITU V.32 modem data management protocol. However TCM has to be designed into the modulation scheme at inception, therefore intended advantages are again regulated to the world of convoluted thinking that solves technical problems by building and selling new boxes, thus wasting human and material resources. The inventions OPD means and method act as a transparent data overlay and requires no specialized and separate hardware to enable host network compatibility.

ODP is perfect for the new edge technologies such as the new universal Wireless Application Environment (WAE) that supports Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). WAE specifies an application framework for wireless device such as conventional mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDA) and the invention Virtual Transaction Terminal (VTT) WAE topological framework extends and leverages other WAP technologies. OPD is designed to operate seamlessly within the substrate layers of WAE and all other WAP technologies it supports. Other WAP technologies support Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and Wireless Session Protocol (WSP), as well other Internet based technologies such as XML, URLs, scripting, and various content formats. The invention's focus is aimed at enabling operators, manufacturers, and content developers to meet the challenges of implementing advanced differentiating services and applications in a fast and diverse manner. Octave pulse data elegantly enables WAE to support all the intended WAP iterations through logical channel structures that cannot occur by any other means and methods. OPD also enables a novel approach to Internet Telephony applications such as voice over the Internet, especially in the areas of providing International long distance services. OPD also enables a unique approach to simultaneous voice and data services. OPD provides novel Internet telephony with WAP compliant Web clipping service data and telemetry service data with voice data within the substrate layers of one OPD application specific data event. OPD creates an elegant Internet wireless web-browsing protocol that surpasses the imitations of WAP.

Thusly the theoretical becomes the actual in terms of creating elegant solutions enabling WAE and WAP using the new OPD encoding and decoding algorithmic procedures designed to integrate with digital traffic channel voice-sampler frames, a harmonic pulse signatures that are measured and quantified in an arbitrary means and method. Voice information transported through a digital medium is much easier to manage than modernized data. In yet another sense, the user of OPD is not confined to a reductionist universe when comparing OPD to selected conventional modem protocol schemes. In fact, GSM 900/1800/1900 cannot support data through “voice channels. GSM has provided many different connection based and connectionless data pathways, all are not good choices for web-based information gathering information and application specific telemetry data because of over complexity that results in prohibitive expense and low performance.

OPD utilizes structured bit patterns that are transparent to TDMA and CDMA digital voice traffic channel frames and subframes, but fit like a glove virtually within each frame and subframe. The invention's new protocol modality appears as fluctuating pulses, patterned in “stair cased formats, generated in seemingly random but predictable patterns, when viewed with a spectrum analyzer. Each octave pulse signature that is a sharply defined harmonic quantum. Octave pulses depart from human voice pattern with more definition and predictability. For example human voice pulses occur as a result of analog to digital conversion during a normal voice conversation. However, with in a normal conversation the human voice transmits many fluctuations, pitches and variations that do not possess cogent increments of quantifiable and predictable phenomena. Each human voice generated pulse has unpredictable waveform characteristics in terms of attack and decay phenomenon. Therefore the invention's well-structured octave pulse harmonic-fluctuations and variations are extrapolated from the combination of musical harmonics expressed in terms of pitch, timbre, amplitude, interval, and polyphonic patterns, coupled with the processes and procedures endemic to mobile wireless telephony, and voice frame sampling. Octave pulse data is the first technology that uses sound-harmonic pulse structures derived from accurately defined 5 ms generated subframes from timed and predictable sampled 5 ms pulses that are not generated from acoustic sources, but are derived and generated synthetically. Part of the octave pulse process is basically a digital sound sample to digital medium sample transfer that provides an incredible level of accuracy, data bitstream integrity, and data session robustness.

Octave pulses are comparable with musical key notations and F#, A-, C natural and the like. Musical notations are truly mathematical. Johann Sabastion Bach the great composer of the “Baroque Period, was a true genius. He was also a great mathematician with respect to musical notation manipulation in a tactile kinetic sense. The mathematical structures of music are completely applied in octave pulses in a sort of digital Pythagorean mathematical “Music of the Spheres pulse computation.

The invention also utilizes Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) protocol. MIDI data is a very efficient method of representing musical performance information, and sending instruction sets from one digital instrument to another. The invention uses MIDI data constructs for the purpose of sending octave pulse signature construct instruction from any human machine interface (HMI) such as a personal digital assistant (PDA) touch screen, to the octave pulse storage (OPS) data base to the octave pulse engine (OPE) via integrated circuit base logic (ICBL). This octave pulse protocol action transpires during octave pulse subframe generation by the octave pulse based OP-CODEC system.

There is no reason that the speech rate endemic to GSM TDMA traffic channels and the like cannot support octave pulse data throughput rates, that will provide 4.8 Kilobyte of conventional data characters during a five to seven second data event cycle. Each octave pulse has an essentially arbitrary conversion value that derives an eight-bit byte per pulse with respect to intended application information formatting. Thus the invention provides for singular, dual, triarticulated resonant characters that convert to eight bit bytes on each end of the OP-VTDN network. Therefore each byte equals conventional numeric characters 0-9, hex, decimal, binary, ASCII characters and the like. Octave pulses are digitally configured as a “singular signature pulse, “dual signature pulse, and “tri-signature pulse variations, deriving 16 kbps, 24 kpbs and 32 kbps data throughput rates respectively. Octave pulses will operate easily without causing unwanted host digital traffic channel frame and subframe attenuation or intersymbol interference (ISI). Most digital traffic channel structures known in the Art today such as International GSM TDMA, UMTS, and U.S. Standards IS-136 TDMA-EDGE, and IS-95 CDMA-2000 can support a minimum of 1.6 Kbps data as an aggregate rate while utilizing single octave pulse signatures in speech frames. A speech sampling rate of 8 kHz is the common standard for all narrow band GSM TDMA, IS-136-TDMA, IS-95-CDMA digital cellular telephone standards. Each of theses network standards also utilizes a 20 ms frame burst format, that also includes four 5 ms subframes within each burst. Each of these 5 ms subframes is used and or generated by the invention to contain a 5 ms octave resonate pulse. Accordingly, the invention's novel Octave Data Protocol (OPD) is designed to generate, encode and transmit from the origination end harmonically structured pulse signatures. When OPD pulses are decoded by the OP-VDTN host digital signal processor (DSP) on the network virtual host system (VHS) located within the component structures of the inventions Network Operation Center (NOC). These octave pulses will convert to characters 0-9, *, # and A-Z. These characters have familiar quantitative values when displayed on a human machine interface (HMI) screen with respect to a PDA screen and its supportive intelligent sleeve. Each Octave pulse possesses a specific bit structure that match one, two or three 8 bit-byte character constructs derived from one, two and three “note, pulsed sound coding constructs. Octave pulses are directly formatted into the sampling bit structures of a GSM TDMA radio, or CDMA radio by special mobile station (MS) encoding and decoding componentry.

Also this novel communicative OPD protocol is derived and occurs without disrupting conventional voice, user and signaling traffic flow in selected GSM PLMN or other related TDMA and CDMA networks. OPD requires no specialized modems, and add-on terminal devices. While fax protocols generate tones spread over a plurality of frames and subframes. Facsimile data requires multiple layers of modulated-demodulated protocol in order to begin and end a fax event successfully. Each octave pulse is a 5 ms subframe and each subframe possesses a discrete differentiated harmonic value. Both ends of the fax transmission event have to exchange a lot of data before the actual user data transfer occurs. The invention's OPD protocol does not require any modems placed at either end of the communication pathway. OPD operates simply, comparable to placing a normal voice call over digital mediums. Therefore OPD is truly an EDGE technology, that will have a long useful life.

The invention also simplifies short message service (SMS) protocols, processes and procedures. Another means and methods involves (1) Manipulating short message service (SMS) packet modality and (2) SMS message-packet flow topology through common public land mobile (PLMN) intranet and public switched telephone network (PSTN) substrate layers. This simplification creates a completely new approach to enabling a virtual transaction based data network (VTDN) as a complimentary sub-layer to OPD. In some configurations OPD and modified SMS will operate during the same OP-VTDN telemetry and Internet data communications event cycle. The invention manipulates SMS data packet modalities in existing GSM and other analog and digital cellular radio terminal software and firmware means, air interface traffic channel management and the like. The invention also manipulates silicon based bus data, and logical protocols inherent in terminal radio silicon based encoder and decoder firmware and radio terminal operating system software that deals with voice and data call event set up, thus enabling OPD and modified SMS (MSMS) means and methods.

This manipulation means and method enables MSMS messages to bypass conventional out-going and in-coming MSMS messaging stacks regardless of point of origination on the network. Said SMS message stacks are located at specialized short message mobile switching centers (SMSC) that dramatically impede message flow, thus causing message delivery delays. Therefore the invention creates a novel modified end to end short message service protocol (MSMSp). These conventional network elements are inefficient, slow and were not originally designed for supporting time critical telemetry and Internet based web clipping data services. Short Message Switching Center's (SMSC) operating in GSM and other similar cellular network modalities are inherently slow and are inefficient bottlenecks. Until now SMS has never been truly acceptable for time critical application specific telemetry data and web clipping services. Such services as security system monitoring, stock purchasing and transaction acknowledgement, fire control system monitoring are inherently time critical. Services such as news service updates, weather reports, police tactical operations, airline flight information, emergency vehicle GPS position reporting, ATM service locations, emergency 911 services, and other related applications are truly enabled, cheaply and reliably for the first time by the inventions means and methods. The invention enables a clean and elegant packet flow topological pattern. This protocol pattern acts as a “punch-through-protocol, (PTP) that enables telemetry and Internet based web clipping message routing from selected VTT terminals to OP-VTDN message stack host systems located at a designated NOC facility.

The invention also provides gateway routing nodes (GRN) that are essentially Internet gateways that convert PCM 30, E1/T1, and ISDN data protocols to Internet TCP/IP protocols. Thus, OP-VDTN telemetry and web clipping data is sent from a VTT terminal through a GSM PLMN to a designated GRN whereby it is relayed to a selected NOC facility. This means and method is enabled at a very low cost per telemetry and web clipping data event. The cost of a OP-VTDN data message is substantially lower than any SMS based message known in the world today, regardless of the selected market and standard of operation. The invention's packet flow and routing characteristics can also occur in messaging layers of such GSM network services as teletex messaging data transmissions, message handling system (MHS), fax transmissions, packet assembler/disassembler (PAD) data, and fax group 3. What is revolutionary here, is that all of this key telemetry and Internet based web-clipping and web-session data traffic will be transparent to the host GSM or other digital cellular type networks. To selected host networks, OP-VDPN bi-directional data messaging will be “seen, as just another short duration voice and or data call. In truth what will actually occur is a very simple bursty octave pulse virtual circuit fast packet switched (VCFP) wireless Internet, web clipping and a telemetry data event. In another way, the inventions message means that utilizes OPD and modified (MSMS), PAD, asynchronous, and synchronous data protocols may be called “Simburst. In terms of cybernetic thinking, simple improvements in any data network reflect other evolutionary trends in terms of how a given system becomes more efficient. For example, advances in topological geometric thinking forced the art of solving specific nodal performance problem to be viewed in a different way. Most of wired and wireless network design thinking is still mired in the old star topology of the past. The invention provides a significant next step away from old “bell head, centrist thinking. The invention merges star topology with mesh node topology and is not cursed by the limitations of both.

Many recent failures of note have been the deployment of enormouslessly expensive wireless infrastructures, such as the abysmal Iridium Satellite network. These significant blunders reflect a collective industry arrogance that has caused many in the Wireless Industry to rethink their network design and deployment strategies. The ideas behind OP-VTDN means and methods have emerged as a result of a focused search for simplicity. By virtue of designing systems that eliminate the need to install a plurality of networking nodes: such as massive switch matrixes, signaling nodes, and messaging stack nodes, a better state of operation occurs, enabling a longer life for conventional host wireless network system that are operating today. By simplifying radio terminal operations, signaling and routing patterns, Internet based web clipping, web sessions, and telemetry data message handling, octave pulse data terminal components and NOC host elements will be simpler and thus provided at a much lower cost. Cost sensitive utility meters may now be deployed internationally enmass. When a system such as GSM SMS messaging can be improved to provide secure, more efficient application specific data messaging (ASDM), what results is the creation of one worldwide GSM MSMS-ASDM messaging standard, thus enabling the emergence of another wireless communication revolution. Coupled with the preiminate digital voice channel OPD protocol, OP-VTDN will provide much lower prices for ASDM messaging services, and cause the creation of application specific data diversity, serve society and create an exponential increase in web clipping and telemetry data commerce worldwide.

Just by rethinking the obvious in relation to the inventions means and methods, OPD, GSM SMS and other such conventional wireless telephony messaging systems will improve in performance, increase in flexibility without the need for physically changing network elements. This fact keeps costs down, and shortens ramp up time in terms of network reconfigurations and deployment of OP-VTDN virtual topologies, and application specific-data-modality operations. VTDN specific network operation centers (NOC) and strategically placed Internet gateways are easy to deploy because they are passive in terms of interacting with the host GSM and other wireless digital networks. For example, one OP-VTDN-NOC placed in Melbourne Australia can serve the entire country while virtually interconnecting to all GSM PLM Networks operating in one large geographic region of the world such as Asia. In addition, by placing the inventions Internet gateway nodes in other countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia, the Melbourne NOC can also act as the central clearing-house for all application specific data messaging traffic emanating from all fixed and mobile octave pulse radio terminals operating in a selected topographical region. The Melbourne NOC is interconnected with these heretofore mentioned regions via the Internet, and the cost savings that occurs as a result is significant. Fully deployed, the OP-VTDN network will look like a web lattice geodesic topological web that is essentially transparent to host GSM PLMN network elements, IS-95 CDMA network elements, and IS-1136 TDMA network elements. The OP-VTDN network means and methods will also meld seamlessly within the substrate layers of UMTS network elements, IMT-2000 elements and GPRS and GSM overlay network, and GPRS network stand-a-lone network elements the invention manipulates and utilizes so efficiently.

The inventions OP-VTDN means and methods enables a simple terminal software protocol change that enables a rerouting procedure within the switching matrixes of a selected host cellular or satellite carrier. OP-VTDN combines bearer and teleservice data service data packet transfer protocols such as SMS messaging, PAD data and the like a new paradigm for application specific data management is achieved. This approach is essential for price sensitive data services such as web clipping and telemetry. The invention also utilizes other conventional data systems inherent in GSM, GPRS, and UMTS network systems for example. The invention enables a more direct topological path between the OP-VTDN radio terminal and the host DSP node located at the OP-VTDN-NOC regardless of the specific configuration of host wireless network. Therefore these conventional wireless networking systems change operational states virtually. Thusly an important metasystem transition occurs within the substrate layers of a selected host system also changes transparently. Thus closed state dependent operations based on old telephony modal structures are eliminated. Throughout the world there are many GSM-SM standards that are incompatible with one another. The reasons for SMS protocol incompatibility are essentially illogical. The reason is based upon market share politics practiced by each network element manufacturer.

Each switching and SMSC message stack manufacturer creates a slight variation in their respective message formats, and message stack operation formats for market strategy reasons. This fact along has seriously plagued the Wireless Application Specific Data Industry. Because of the worldwide ubiquity of GSM as a standard and important new telemetry data paradigm as emerged out of the morass of narrow minded thinking. In fact the invention combines GSM network SMS and voice channel topologies with IS-95-CDMA SMS and voice channel topologies, and IS-136-TDMA SMS and voice channel topologies to create a globally applied OP-VTDN. The invention essentially solves this problem virtually, actually, transparently and simply. OP-VTDN is applied and operates seamlessly in accord with a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). In fact the inventions combined OP-VTDN protocols, processes, procedures and apparatus create a new implementation for Wireless Application Environments (WAE).


Accordingly, it is the primary object of the invention to provide a completely novel Octave Pulse-Virtual Transaction Data Network (OP-VTDN) provides a new paradigm for wireless electronic commerce via the Internet world-wide-web (WWW). OPD is a Unified Messaging (UM) platform paradigm which encompasses many data and network protocol layers that is completely compatible with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environment (WAE). The top layers of OPD-VTDN protocols is the Octave Pulse Data (OPD) data language, based upon the physical and theoretical basis of music pitch, timbre and loudness expressed in the language of music notation and conversion measures are defined as sampled octave 5 ms pulse constructs. Each sampled pulse carries a structured digital data bit arrangement that signifies octave notations A, B, C, D, E, F, and G also known as the fundamental seven octaves, with all the iterations and variations of each octave measure expression. Octaves are features of musical perception by which all pitches with frequencies are related by powers of 2. Moreover, each octave embodies the seven octave pitch names in will defined harmonic iterations. This 7×7 expression allows for a wide range of octave pulse signature iterations and variations, in accord with the invention's octave pulse, complex wave signature design.

This musical notation process occurs while assigning musical pitch, timbre, and amplitude values to each pulse, conventionally construed as ad-hoc analog information. In fact each sampled pulse equates to an F Sharp (FS) in the key of with a beat value of 4, or a C Flat (CF) in with a beat value of 2. Each pulse represents a minimum arbitrary value of one monophonic eight-bit byte, and or two polyphonic eight-bit bytes and or three tri-phonic eight bit bytes that can be generated dynamically during a selected OPD data communications event. OPD data rates depend largely on the sampling rate of a given host digital data system that exists within the VTT terminal and the virtual host system (VHS).

GSM narrow band TDMA channels that operate frequencies such as 900 Mhz, 1800 Mhz and 1900 Mhz generate a sampling rate of 8,000 samples a second that is a “synthesized match, to human speech and hearing spectral limitations. Each OPD pulse possesses and produces an absolute value in accord with the assigned language constructs, of a given digital data communications system such as wireless Internet access, browsing, or web clipping or other form of application specific data communications language system. OPD creates harmonic pulse signatures that out perform human perceptual levels in terms of high, mid and low frequency frequencies. In fact all air interface digital traffic channels and land based pulse code modulation (PCM) channels utilize a codec sampling process rate of 8000 bits a second (8 kHz). This 8 kHz speech-sampling rate is universally applied through all telecommunications infrastructure known in the world today. However certain codec algorithmic constructs produce data resolution rates ranging from 13 kbps to 32 kpbs, while the sampling rate 8 kHz remains consistent. The inventions wireless Virtual Transaction Terminal (VTT) octave sampling and data conversion engine (OSE), and the virtual host system (VHS) system's integrated octave sampling and data conversion engine (OSE), generates the same 8 kHz on its input side, and 8 kHz on its channel coding output side. Both “OSE ends maintain critical synchronization with the VTT terminals “clock, the host PLMN networks 20 ms and 5 ms timed burst cycles, and other host air interface traffic channel and PCM channel network synchronization referencing means.

The new OPD paradigm produces high-speed digital data communication methods through narrowband and wideband digital traffic channel mediums with robust improvements that range from 20 to 60% over conventional data rates inherent to GSM-TDMA and GSM-Enhanced Data Rates for GSM (EDGE), IS-136-TDMA, IS-95-CDMA, CDMA-2000, Wideband CDMA, Wideband TDMA, UMTS, GPRS, IMT 2000 and other intelligent new EDGE related technology. These network topologies encompass a wide area of distribution for switching, routing and other node-elements that relate to network intelligence, and data and voice traffic management. OPD operates without having to modifying any host network elements. Therefore OPD is a pure virtual conversion process that occurs by passing analog pulse quantizing and sampling processes, and operates directly with digital pulse sampling and decoding means that in fact creates an Octave Data Protocol (OPD). This unique process occurs while utilizing existing digital cellular, mobile satellite traffic channels, PCM circuits that utilize specific speech frame and subframe-pulse arrangements.

It is an object of the invention for Octave Pulse Data (OPD) to seamlessly enable Wireless Application Protocols (WAP) and Wireless Application Environment (WAE) topologies in narrow band PLMN networks such as GSM 900/1800PCN, GSM 1900PCS, IS-95-CDMA, GPRS, and IS-136-TDMA. OPD also enables WAP applications in such narrowband satellite networks such as Globalstar CDMA, ICO, Moetius, Inmarsat broadband, Orbcomm and the like, where applying WAP is difficult if not impossible due to (1) conventional bandwidth limitations and (2) the overly complex WAP application layer complexity. OPD is designed to dramatically enhance and simplify application layers with respect to such broadband digital cellular networks as GSM TDMA, IS-136 EDGE, IS-95-CDMA, CDMA-2000, UMTS and the like. OPD will also improve digital messaging protocols for broadband telephony satellite networks such as Teledesic, Skybridge, AMSC, Moetius, and the like.

When OPD is applied to web-clipping data, full web browsing capabilities, wireless telemetry and telematics and other WAP related applications, it provides an elegant process that is rather straightforward, yet octave pulse data's simplicity produces a wide range of application specific iteration diversity. OPD protocol processes entail converting application specific data bitstreams, such as binary, hex, and decimal formatted data that is generated by wireless mobile stations, PDAs with the inventions intelligent sleeve, and stationary application devices operating in the field. One of the important issues the invention effectively addresses deals with some of the limitations of WAP protocols. The idea for WAP is to deliver Internet content to wireless phones. The reality is that WAP only brings Internet content written to the rather narrow WAP specification, applied to similarly enabled wireless devices. OPD provides the means and methods of overcoming the WAP bottleneck.

OPD is applied at network operation center (NOC) hosting devices, specially the invention virtual hosting system (VHS). The VHS system processes, reformats and reroutes data originating from application service providers (ASP), web content providers, whom deliver content and systems commands to selected VTT terminals operating in digital cellular PLMN, and selected digital satellite networks. Once converted, octave pulses are transmitted via logically defined speech PCM circuits and other related data channels where speech is transported. A primary process used in managing and transmitted digitized speech-sound information, are variants of pulse code modulation (PCM) algorithmic procedures. PCM algorithms perform three broadly defined operations that include (1) sampling, (2) quantizing and (3) encoding the generated frames of the PCM channel signal. Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) is an engineering term that is used to describe the conversion of an analog signal to a pulse type signal, where the amplitude of the pulse denotes the peak of the sound envelop of the analog information. PAM and PCM and inexorably are completely intertwined in terms of performing a full range of sampling and quantizing operations.

The PAM signal can be converted into PCM baseband channel digital signal, which in turn is modulated onto a carrier in terms of speech related bandpass based, digital communications systems. Consequently, the analog-to-PAM conversion process is the first step in the process of converting an analog waveform via “soft sampling, to a PCM digital signal. The purpose of PAM signaling is to provide another waveform that looks like analog pulses yet contains the digital representation of acoustic information that was present in the analog waveform. It is not required that the PAM signal “look, exactly like the original analog waveform; it is only required that an approximation to the original be recovered from the PAM signal. There are two classes of PAM signals: PAM that uses natural sampling, also known as gating, and PAM that uses instantaneous sampling in order to produce a flat-top pulse in terms of specific types of waveform shaping. The flattop type of pulse is more useful for conversion to PCM, however flattop waveforms must be “softened for the purpose of achieving optimum performance in selected air interface digital traffic channel speech frames.

The PCM signal is obtained from the quantized PAM signal by encoding each quantized sample value into digital word. It is up to the system designer to specify the exact code word that will represent a particular quantized level, in this case the code word represents a digitized pulse with specific musical-harmonic sound quality, this is a discrete signature. The term “quantize, relates to the act of subdividing, in this case a continuous analog signal, into a quanta of digital samples, in order to express in digital multiples, an accurate digital reproduction of the original individual unit. The individual unit expressed here is a continuous analog signal, expressed as a phenomena measured in time, that has vector; magnitude and direction in time and space. This analog acoustic wave signal in fact produces detectable resonance signature called a sound wave. The invention retrieves digital samples from disparate sources. Once retrieved the samples are re-generated in a discrete 5 ms octave pulse signature quantum possessing all its desired harmonic characteristics. Each octave pulse is stored and retrieved from an octave signature sample register located in an octave pulse storage system within a VTT terminal or a storage area network (SAN). A SAN is located within the logical and physical matrixes of the inventions virtual host system (VHS).

An object of the invention is the creation of a novel octave pulse “complex waveform construct (CWC) that embodies an specialized envelop shape derived from a plurality of harmonic “signature characteristics. These specialized signature characteristics codify essential vector conditions, amplitude, pulse waveform shape, complex wave layers, and octave pulse wave envelope shape accordingly. The constituent elements of octave pulses are designed to conform to current designs in telecommunications networks. Octave pulse complex waveforms completely optimizes channel space characteristics, and minimizes most of the negative effects of air interface channel disturbances and landline based PCM channel noise. It is desirous to initially generate flattop pulse waveforms for database storage for latter use in the OP-VTDN network. However the same octave pulses must be custom shaped for transport over digital traffic speech channels and PCM channel space, depending on host PLMN network operations standards. These octave pulses generate well-defined musical-harmonic structures such as an F Sharp complex wave that is comprised of a combined first, second and third harmonic based waveform. Also, a single octave pulse signature “pitch, possesses a duration of 5 ms, with a beat pattern of 1-4 that represents a predictable yet, complex “pseudo harmonic signature. An octave pulse signature is quite stable when compared to a randomly processed segment of a speech signal or other baseband analog waveform that has poor performance predictability factors because of its convoluted and unpredictable composition.

The OPD pulse codified as a data byte-word medium is much easier to sample, quantize and encode for conversion to alphanumeric characters, special serial binary data codes, special hexadecimal codes, graphic content data, human language conversion and the like. The invention's accurately defined octave pulses are easier to predict, sample, define, convert and regenerate than any other digital data medium. Therefore it stands to reason that OPD will achieve much higher data rates then is the case with respect to existing digital air interface speech codec algorithms and PAM-PCM channel coding process, radio-modulation protocols and the like. Therefore, the invention completely exploits the PAM/PCM processes that are fundamentally inherent to all sampling value conversions involved in analog to digital conversions. PAM/PCM conversions are also inherent within analog to digital conversion algorithmic methods used in digital musical sampling instruments and other digital sound producing systems. Today all digital communications systems, processes and procedures are rooted in the fundamentals of “Quantum Theory. This important theory in physics; electromagnetism and chemistry is based on the assumption that the energy possessed by a physical system is quantized, and therefore must process information that is isolated in discrete units. Any selected physical communications system cannot take on a continuous range of values, but is in fact restricted to processing discrete ones that depend on a “piece of information, in terms of its dimensions, masses and charges within a given time frame.

PCM-PAM channels are physically connected and logically communicative with selected telephony exchanges, switch matrixes, digital routers and out-of-band signaling nodes. PCM-PAM algorithms are at the core of speech processing with respect to all PLMN and PSTN voice traffic processing known in the world today. Conversely the inventions virtual transaction based data network operation center (NOC) is comprised of switches, home location registers (HLR), digital signal processors (DSP), and TCP/IP packet routers. Contained with the NOC facility is the virtual host system (VHS). The VHS is comprised of octave pulse data sampling and conversion engines (OSE), octave pulse generation systems (OPG), octave pulse data character conversion systems (OPCC), octave pulse storage (OPS) systems, octave pulse human language (OPHL) character conversion servers, and gateway routers. Also, integral to the virtual host system (VHS) are modified short message service (MSMS) message stacks, switches and the like. Octave pulse human language (OPHL) character conversion enables a unique service to international users. For example, one OPD compatible personal digital assistant (PDA) such as a Palm VII PDA, configured for English language usage, may communicate with another OPD compatible PDA configured for the Chinese Mandarin Language, without either user understanding any language construct originating from the other end of the OPD conversion. The inventions virtual host system (VHS) manages all of the language conversion methods and acts as a transparent gateway between people communicating from disparate cultures speaking very different language constructs. The invention's octave pulse data constructs, coupled with its intelligent sleeve, and interfaced personal digital assistants (PDA) can also enable application such as wireless gaming, card games, board games, video games, wagering games, multi-player wireless games and the like.

When the English language OPD user sends a message to a Chinese language OPD user, the English language OPD user enters the desired language conversion and presses the send button. The OPD message accompanied by the conversion request is transported from the VTT terminal through the currently serving PLMN, PSTN, to the network operation center (NOC) and the collocated virtual host system (VHS) and its automatic human language conversion (AHLC) server and database. The inventions virtual host system (VHS) is truly a wireless application portal that enables access to the Internet world wide web. Once the message and its conversion header is detected and read, it is routed to the appropriate OPHL conversion server and database. Once converted the message is converted back to octave pulse signatures, and sent to the other end of this instant OPD communications event.

Such application specific systems that serve vertical markets tend to simply measure and report application system state changes. Such wireless application specific systems that serve horizontal markets tend to deliver and receive user information and wireless-Internet e-commerce transactions. These horizontal data transactions include stock market quotes, traveler information, news high lights, ATM locations, mobile concierge data, general information queries, local cultural event polling, mapping information retrieval and the like. Vertical market systems include automatic utility meter reading (AMR) devices, security systems, motor vehicle anti-theft and recovery systems, mobile tracking devices, agricultural systems management, vending machines, smart homes systems, smart commercial building systems, and mobile services that generate global positioning system (GPS) location information.

These application specific devices are physically attached and logically integrated with the invention's Virtual Transaction Terminal (VTT) and special digital data hosting systems located at a specially constructed OP-VTDN network operation center (NOC) facility. This conceptual and technical marriage creates a complete wireless and wireline application specific transaction data base end-to-end virtual communications system. Each octave pulse generated by a VTT or NOC facility possesses an equivalent information value of eight bit bytes of digital data. OPD pulses are transmitted over digital traffic channels utilized in TDMA and CDMA traffic channels, and pulse code modulated (PCM) PLMN and PSTN network elements. OPD pulses are in fact derived from creating mathematical pseudo equivalents of musical-harmonic pitches, with specialized attack and decay patterns that are quantified as digital bit patterns with assigned arbitrary values based on the WAP and other languages being served, translated, stored, transmitted and received on either end of the OP-VTDN network.

OPD pulses are sampled by the VTT based OPD digital sampling engine (OSE) as part of the OP-CODEC, at the same physical bus-logic point, and logical interval when analog the speech signal is converted into digital information during the speech codec interval that is coupled with channel coding algorithms utilized in conventional digital mobile stations. The octave pulse engine essentially bypasses the conventional speech codec without circumventing conventional speech traffic. The inventions octave pulse engine (OPE) and octave pulse storage (OPS) is either designed as an integral component of GSM and other TDMA and CDMA digital cellular mobile stations firmware, and software and electronic circuitry. Or, the OSE/OSP is designed to be the central component of a physically separate, yet algorithmically congruous and totally novel external OPD plug in module. This crucial component replacement and or modification enables the encoding and generation of specialized digital bit arrangements that produce pulse patterns that are decoded and converted into characters that have aggregate value of eight bit-bytes seen as four separate five millisecond duration subframes that comprise one 20 ms voice frame. Therefore one narrowband GSM TDMA, IS-136-TDMA or IS-95-CDMA 20 millisecond (20 MS) voice frame can produce four OPD pulses every 20 ms which equals a 5 ms duration value for each single character octave pulse. In terms of its first level of magnitude octave pulse data can generate 200 bytes or 1,600 kbps of data for every one second of stabilized host network airtime used, in digital speech traffic channels that produce 9600 bps under ideal radio propagation conditions.

Octave pulses can be further manipulated in order to produce two and three character variations per pulse, based on the resolving rate of the OPD digital sampling engine (OSE), shape, harmonic construct, and pulse vector of each complex waveform. The result of this manipulation is a doubling and tripling of data rates in current narrowband digital traffic channels used in GSM, CDMA, and TDMA networks. Using an OSE with high sampling resolution a single pulse with a derived dual or triarticulated character can be used. The dual and Triarticulated octave pulse has a value of 16 and 24 data bits each. Each divided pulse represents one, two and three fully variable characters with an aggregate data value of one two and three 8 bit bytes. This doubling and tripling of octave pulse character value effectively doubles and triples the aggregate data byte capacity of a selected OPD event without causing any changes to host network elements, in accord with Wireless Application Environment (WAE) guidelines.

An object of the invention is to create octave pulse patterns that are uniquely encoded into the bitstream structures of digital narrowband and wideband TDMA, and CDMA traffic voice channel coded frames and subframes. Octave pulses are derived from manipulating source sample coding and speech sample processing that are integrated as digital building block algorithms known in codec-COder-DECoder logical structures. Octave pulses are derived from generating pseudo sound pitches that are in fact complex wave signatures that are derived from codified octave structures and subset incremental musical notational measured-structures. These venerable structures are codified in conventional examples such as F sharps, E flats, C naturals, and other such derivatives. Well-defined musical notations are easy to electronically denotate and decipher, even in dirty environments as digital traffic channels. Therefore the OPD pulse protocol will produce high-speed data transmissions within the frame and subframe structures of logically defined air interface digital traffic channels, and pulse code modulation (PCM-30)-(PCM-24) PLMN and PSTN channels, or any other digital logically defined medium that uses PAM-PCM combinations. These novel OPD structures are applied in accord with a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).

ODP will operate within selected transmission paths that transport digital speech information processing. OPD measured pulse-data packet increments can easily produce an aggregate 4.8 kilobyte payload message that is transmitted through a narrowband GSM TDMA based traffic channel and PCM transmission path. Specifically a 4.8 kilobyte payload of OPD pulse data are transmitted through a narrow band voice channel with a three-second, data communications event duration cycle. Add a 1.5 second call set up cycle, and a 2.5 second call tear down cycle with the 3 sec OPD data transfer duration, and what results is a 7 second OPD data event that produces 4.8 kilobytes of data for bi-directional up-link and down-link communications. Therefore OPD produces a 1,600 bit per second of true data throughput without any modification to selected host network elements. Key to octave pulse performance depends upon just how well intelligent end nodes, such as VTT terminals, and virtual host systems discriminate individual pulse signatures and at what speed. Octave pulses are derived from organic musical sound sources defined and transformed into values expressed from a tactile and auditory experience derived from a musical performance. This musical performance was later expressed or captured in the electromagnetic components of an analog or digital recording and playback device. Drawn from the discipline of physics and particle theory, one way of viewing octave pulses as groups of photons that produce oscillating waves. An octave pulse stored in a database may be defined in a broad sense, as an expression of a “standing wave, and an octave pulse oscillating in “electro-magnetically generated motion, is a “travelling wave, as it travels through selected channel space. Thus the argument that the codified, formatted and shaped construct of a specialized octave pulse signature waveform is completely novel with respect to its application is based on manipulation of photonic structures. In fact an octave pulse signature's form and function is as a result of unique manipulation of fundamental physical laws, right down to the atomic level.

The search for improved record, storage and playback resolution has always been the central aim and goal of all audio reproducing equipment manufactures such as electronic musical instruments made by Roland, stereo manufactures such as Marantz, and digital mobile phone manufactures such as Nokia. Musicians, music listeners and digital mobile phone users all want good audio quality from their digital devices. Digital musical instruments and digital mobile phones such as a GSM TDMA phone for example, process voice and other ambient sounds with analog to digital conversion protocols that operate during an analog to digital sampling and quantizing process. GSM TDMA mobile phones, and all other digital mobile stations process speech in the form of sound pulses at 8000 samples a second, equaling 8 kHz a rate that reflects the limits of human hearing. A phenomenon known as the “Nyquist Effect, a key feature of the Sampling Theorem codifies this 8 kHz Nyquist frequency. This is the central reason TDMA and CDMA phones process speech information utilizing this “8 kHz sampling rate. The invention exploits the Nyquist Effect, coupled with Reeve's work in defining PCM, elegantly and simply. Typical digital musical instruments such as music workstations that are essentially digital sound sampling computers have a core-sampling rate of 48,000 times a second, or 48 kHz.

An object of the invention is to dramatically improve existing circuit switched cellular system protocols and services without the need to add infrastructure elements to existing digital cellular networks. Currently, conventional cellular data systems offer analog and digital versions that can provide maybe 9.6 kbp/s or 1,200 bits per second through bearer service and teleservice data call channel space and switch matrix architectures. Certainly, newer EDGE high-speed circuit switched formats such as GSM HSCS offer much higher data rates, with claims that range from 28.8 kbp/s to ISDN speeds. However a given PLMN must change out all the base site radios and other network elements in order to obtain desired increases. In digital traffic channels typically voice frames will not support any other sort of data other than sampled voice.

The invention's OPD means and methods provide a minimum data rate improvement that ranges from 50% to 200% increase in aggregate data rates over digital traffic channels virtually. The invention provides the means and method for implementing seamless wireless electronic commerce transaction based services. OPD characters are transmitted and received in a selected digital cellular and satellite networks, delivering a minimum data payload assemblage of 4.8 Kilobytes with an aggregate air time consumption of three seconds. OPD network protocols also utilize a revolutionary variation of a virtual circuit fast packet (VCFP) switched architectured protocol. VCFP telemetry and Internet based web-clipping data services produce an overall transaction based event duration that ranges between 5 to 7 seconds, from origination to termination. OPD also uses a novel approach to connectionless protocols for message transfer between the user and the OPD virtual host system (VHS) Internet portal.

An object of the invention is to provide completely unique simultaneous voice and data (SVD) octave pulse data protocols, means and methods. Accordingly, the invention provides algorithmic procedures that enable the transmission and reception of specially interleaved octave pulse subframes that are interleaved with conventionally sampled speech subframes. These interleaved octave pulse and speech frames and subframes are transmitted and received by the inventions virtual transaction terminal (VTT) in the form of an intelligent sleeve with an attached personal digital assistant (PDA) and the virtual host systems (VHS) located at a network operations center. Accordingly, Octave pulse SVD operates without causing disruption or circumvention of conventional voice and data services. Octave pulse data SVD protocol means and method completely exploits discontinuous transmission (DTX) speech traffic management algorithms in a novel way. The DTX mode takes advantage of the fact, that during a conventional digital cellular voice conversation, both parties rarely speak at the same time, and thus each directional transmission path has to transport speech data only half the time. In DTX mode, the transmitter on both ends of the conversation is only activated when the current speech frame in fact carries speech information. The DTX mode can reduce the power consumption and hence prolong battery life.

Conversely the reduction of transmitted energy also reduces the level of interference and thus the spectral efficiency of any digital cellular system. OPD utilizes the DTX feature by enabling a uniformly structured bi-directional octave pulse data “conversation. The invention's virtual transaction terminal (VTT) and the virtual host system (VHS) portal “converses in an “octave pulse dataword language, via selected host cellular PLMN networks, satellite networks and public switched telephone networks (PSTN). The DTX protocol is quite similar to time division duplex (TDD), in that data is transmitted from either end of the data communications event in a “staggered interleaved pattern. When one end transmits and completes a message capsule transfer to the other end, the receiving node responds with its own octave pulse message capsule transmission. Consequently, the invention utilizes its previously disclosed interleaved speech frame and octave pulse protocol in accord with conventional DTX/TDD algorithms.

Accordingly, the invention provides the means of interleaving not only 20 ms speech frames, with 20 ms octave pulse frames, but also interleaving 5 ms speech subframes and 5 ms octave pulse dataword subframes. In this way the invention provides the means and methods of providing quality speech and data during one octave pulse data (OPD) communications event. At the end of an OPD data communications event each node completes its message transmission by transmitting an acknowledgement octave pulse message capsule, which terminates and completes the event. Therefore the invention creates a novel SVD communications system, in accord with the OPD data communications language that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless and PSTN networks. Octave pulse SVD protocols comply with web browsing protocols, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). OPD provides SVD data protocol constructs that enable simultaneous digital voice and data dispatch to numerous recipients in one multipath dispatch event. The invention provides text to speech, and speech to text algorithms, protocols, and procedures within each VTT terminal bus logic firmware and software modules and is managed and supported at the virtual hosts system (VHS) portal located at the OPD network operation center (NOC).

Some wireless telephony standards require different call set-up and tear down procedures that stipulate a wide range of multi-layered parameters that tend to increase or decrease origination and termination algorithmic procedures. The VTT terminal and any other mobile station that operates in a selected digital cellular network must utilize these conventional call set-ups and tear down procedures. Therefore, the OPD event duration is measured as a process that includes call set-up and tear down procedures respectively. OPD pulse protocol characters will transmit through any selected narrowband and wideband digital TDMA and CDMA traffic voice channel medium, known to be utilized in all wireless digital terrestrial and space segment networks. OPD creates a novel virtual data transport layer, and in a new data communications language that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).

An object of the invention is to create specialized OPD message word formats, and routing algorithms. The invention provides VTT terminals that are compatible to operation standards of a GSM network, an IS-95 CDMA, a CDMA-2000 network, and an IS-136-EDGE TDMA for example. The VTDN network operations center (NOC), and its integral virtual host system (VHS) portal can manage all VTT terminal host network standard formats. Because once octave pulse bitstreams pass through a selected digital air interface speech channel, the bitstream is decompressed and transcoded into PCM circuit data. The PCM transmission path format is a PCM 24 or PCM 30 circuit embodied in a T1 or E1 PSTN network respectively. These speech circuits deliver the OPD bitstream to the virtual host system (VHS) portal originating from a selected PLMN. Host network data transports means is essentially the same, regardless of the air interface standard that the VTT terminal is operating in. Moreover, the conventional differentiation of each separate digital cellular standard becomes immediately transparent and irrelevant in relation to the contained data as managed by the virtual host system (VHS) as portal to the Internet.

Therefore with reference to Shannon's Theorem, the invention follows the lucid constructs of Information Theory, i.e., specific information modality is not important, its is how information is managed without disrupting the original intent of the network in question. In fact, the invention provides another important feature, simultaneous voice and data services that transpire during one combined octave pulse data event. The data coming from the speech codec are channel coded, before they are forwarded to the modulator in the transmitter. The channel coder, adds some redundancy back into the data bitstream, but does so in a very careful and orderly way so that receiver on the other end of a noisy transmission path can correct bit errors caused by the channel. Almost 40% of total speech channel data throughput rate is consumed by channel coding with respect to error correction. The receiver needs the extra bits the channel coder ads, in order to perform this important function.

Channel coding almost doubles the data rate to 22.kbp/s. The invention takes complete advantage of fact that various channel coding manipulations will provide algorithmic modalities that enable significantly expanded narrow band and wideband air interface channel throughput rates while transporting octave pulse data with specially coded subframes. The invention provides specialized octave pulse data words, word data blocks and automatic repeat request (ARQ) functions to the OPD bitstream protocol. The invention provides modem like functions without the ponderous overhead functions, and added synchronization modalities that modem protocols add to the wireless data equation.

The invention provides a novel modified short message service (MSMS) protocol. The concepts involves means originating an SMS event without involving the serving networks short message switching center (SMSC) and its message stack system. The invention performs and specialized call set up algorithm that involved routing the call to the invention virtual host system (VHS) located at the network operations center (NOC), thus bypassing conventional SMS PLMN network elements. The routed application specific message is comprised of the invention's MSMS data packet stream that contains between 160-640, 8 bit byte MSMS characters. The MSMS data call is routed through an asynchronous or synchronous data pathway directly to the VTDN NOC facility. This novel action bypasses the GSM PLMN short message switching center and storage stack system. This manipulated short message system process requires little modification to the selected GSM radio and terminal, and creates no adverse impact upon the conventional channel space and routing mechanisms of the conventional host PLMN network.

The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes. The invention combines forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers and network routing modalities that result in a application specific data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium and PLMN and PSTN PCM mediums. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to in accord with a plurality of international terrestrial wireless networks and space segment networks. The invention means and methods will enhance and virtually improve mobile satellite networks such as Globalstar that are compliant with Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).

The invention manipulates data packet modalities and data packet routing modalities such as the synchronous and asynchronous, transparent and non-transparent data that operates within network elements of GSM-900/1800PCN, GSM-1900PCS, IS-95-CDMA, IS-136-TDMA, UMTS, GPRS. Globalstar, IMT-2000 based, connectionless and connection based Short Message Service (SMS) or equivalents. This virtual topology thus creates a novel modified short message service (MSMS) that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless, Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP) and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).

An object of the invention to create specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to; such as the asynchronous and synchronous, and transparent and non-transparent Packet Assembler Disassembler (PAD) service, in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environment (WAE) guidelines.

An object of the invention to create specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry and web clipping data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as signaling system number # 7 (SS#7) based Un-Structured Supplementary Data (USSD) services that provide 80byte data packet for user data in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environments (WAE).

An object of the invention to create special fiber optic based data communications called photonic pulse data, (PPD) as an extension to octave pulse data (OPD). The invention conforms to synchronous optical network (SONET) operation standards. The SONET standard encompasses optical fiber line protocols that generate data rates that range from 51.84 Mbits/s for OC-1, up to 2.4888.32 Mbits/s for OC-48. The OC-1 signal for example is an optical light signal that is turned on and off, that is modulated by an electrical binary signal. This signal is called synchronous transport signal level 1 (STS-1) for example. The invention provides the means and methods of converting octave pulses into photonic pulses with its novel octave pulse to photonic pulse conversions. PPD is used for direct high-speed data communications over selected fiber optic networks, without creating disruption to existing fiber optic protocols such as OCR Sonet and the like. The invention takes an existing data, manipulates that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, optical protocols that are essential to world wide fiber optic based communications in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environments (WAE).

An object of the invention to create specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as circuit-switched asynchronous data services, in accord with Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and Wireless Application Environments (WAE).

An object of the invention is to combine OPD protocols, MSMS protocols, PAD data protocols, USSD data protocols, improved GPRS channel management, messaging protocols, and digital circuit switched protocols, under one VTDN network multi-layered hierarchical protocol that is new and revolutionary Unified Messaging (UM) system. The VDTN protocol is designed to utilize the best components, processes and procedures from all disclosed bearer services while discarding the most inefficient features of each. This is accomplished by the invention's means and methods by taking an existing data, manipulated that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to while applying the invention heretofore disclosed protocol scheme.

OPD creates a novel virtual data transport layer, data packet formatting combined with a new data communications language based upon pseudo-musical pitch, timbre, and notational structures. OPD creates a new paradigm that operates virtually and actually within a plurality of international wireless. Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP), WAP Microbrowser, and other standards and specifications supported and created by Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part by the description that follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention's many protocols. The objects and advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by means of the elements and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

An object of the inventions is to provide an octave pulse data (OPD) compatible “intelligent sleeve. The intelligent sleeve is comprised of a modified digital cellular mobile station transceiver, octave pulse-CODEC, a specialized ARM processor, a global positioning system (GPS) receiver, and physical and logical means for integrating with a selected personal digital assistant (PDA). The intelligent sleeve can be physically constructed to allow a Palm VII personal digital assistant (PDA) to fit inside, or any other available PDA to fit inside. In this configuration, the intelligent sleeve id the VTT terminal. The marriage of a Palm VII PDA or any other PDA with the intelligent sleeve enables octave-pulse data (OPD) communications that originate from the attached PDA. The invention provides firmware, software and apparatus means that enable digital cellular or satellite voice communications, hands free digital voice communications, octave pulse data communications that support e-mail, e-commerce related purchases, web-clipping applications, automatic voice call placement, and the like.

The invention provides a novel stylus based “tap and call, feature. The VTT software in conjunction with PDA software provides a virtual “cellular phone key-pad as graphic user interface (GUI) which appears on the PDA screen when initialized by the user via his stylus and his physical tap-tap initialization exercise. The inventions VTT terminal based intelligent sleeve also enables global positioning system (GPS) based information gathering and display, compressed video reception and display, speech to text, text to speech, simultaneous octave pulse data and speech communications, and compressed speech algorithms for specialized concierge service applications. The invention enables the same benefits specific to the Palm VII, or any other PDA such as the Phillips Velo PDA(s), Avigo PVA, Clio PDA, Hewlett-Packard PDA(s), IBM WorkPad PDA(s), Casio's Cassiopeia PDA(s), Palm III PDA, Palm V PDA, Apple Newton PDA(s), Poqet PDA(s), Psion PDA(s), REX PDA(s), Visor PDA(s), and the like.

In fact the invention can take a Palm V PDA that is not enabled for wireless, and convert it to an effective and low cost wireless PDA and digital telephony speech based communications device. With the addition of the VTT terminal configured as an intelligent sleeve, the Palm V becomes an effective wireless PDA that may operate on all digital cellular and satellite public networks operating or planned for deployment in the world today. In fact the invention can transform any non-wireless PDA into an effective e-commerce device with the added advantage of offering a wide range of operations, applications and services that no other wireless PDA can provide. The invention provides novel interactive software and graphic user interface (GUI) constructs that enable a myriad of services. For example a user can take a Palm V PDA, Palm VII PDA or such other heretofore disclosed PDA, insert it into the inventions intelligent sleeve and it immediate becomes a GSM 900/1800/1900, or IS-95-CDMA, or CDMA-2000, or IS-136-TDMA-EDGE, or IS-136-TDMA-CDMA hybrid, or IS-136-TDMA-GSM hybrid digital cellular phone. Once this feature is initialized the user simply inserts his hands-free earpiece and combined microphone into the intelligence sleeves mini plug or serial plug.

Once inserted the user taps the PDA tablet screen directly over the graphic symbolic construct provided and a virtual cellular phone keypad appears. To dial a number, the user simply taps each keypad GUI symbol that simulates a two-dimensional conventional keypad construct. Also, the user may simply scroll through his address and telephone number database tap the desired number and the intelligent sleeve coupled with the instant PDA's software automatically dials the desired number. In fact every graphic symbolic construct that is relavent to digital cellular phone operation may appear on the instant PDAs virtual cellular phone PDA screen. Such displays as personal identification number (PIN) request, short message service (SMS) messages, the inventions modified short message messages (MSMS), SIM card status. SIM card wireless carrier readouts, receive signal strength indication (RSSI), message waiting indicators (MWI), voice mail indicators and the like.

Like any conventional digital mobile station, the inventions intelligent sleeve provides a wide range of ring tones and vibration alert modes. The intelligent sleeve also provides conventional mobile station rechargeable batteries that also power the inserted PDA. Essential logical thinking dictates that if a PDA becomes the virtual dial pad, and cellular phone display that the battery consumption of the combined intelligent sleeve and PDA such as the Palm V or Palm VII for example will be about even. Therefore it certainly makes much more sense to convert a PDA to a digital cellular phone than the other way around, with respect to current efforts of many manufacturers. The invention provides the means and methods of converting any selected PDA into a digital cellular phone, plus have all the features of PDA application features, coupled with the power and flexibility of octave pulse messaging technology.

Another object of the invention provides yet another key feature with respect to enabling ubiquitous world wide-wireless OPD-PDA service with octave pulse data virtual transaction data network flexibility and usability. For example when a user purchases an intelligent sleeve from an electronics retailer, he simply inserts his Palm III, Palm V or Cassiopeia PDA. The user then powers up the sleeve. Automatically the inventions intelligent sleeve detects a Palm V, connects to the currently serving cellular are satellite PLMN, which in turns routes the OPD data call to the inventions network operations center (NOC) and its collocated virtual host system (VHS) as portal to application service providers and the Internet world wide web. The VHS detects contained codes within the constructs of OPD data words, that indicate the user needs interface and specialized graphic user interface (GUI) software, that is compatible to a Palm III, Palm V, Cassiopeia PDA, Psion PDA and the like. The VHS system retrieves the appropriate software from its collocated storage area network (SAN) and transmits the software and other data to the VTT terminal configured as an intelligent sleeve with an inserted PDA. The octave pulse intelligent sleeve coupled with a selected PDA can also be transformed into a personal security device.

In fact the intelligent sleeve can be equipped with a passive infrared and or microwave detector, that detects movement within a specific range. Also, the intelligent sleeve can act as a wireless security server. The intelligent sleeve can contain an industrial system management (ISM)-DECT-Home RF, and IEEE802.112.4 Ghz to 5.8 Ghz wireless nodes that communicate with from eight to 16 interlinked nodes configured as a passive infrared, glass break, normally closed or normally opened contact closure device. These wireless devices can be placed around a given parameter such as a construction site, or boat harbor for protecting vessels and other related applications. The inventions octave pulse data (OPD) operates directly within ISM/DECT and Bluetooth 80C51 compliant digital speech/audio paths. Octave pulse resonate signatures are adaptable to any ISM/DECT/Bluetooth 80C51 speech and audio communication link paths that support digital sampled voice and audio. Any PDA can use security software, such as produced by Tattletale Corporation of Columbus Ohio. In fact the inventions intelligent sleeve can act as an intelligent wireless server that controls these wireless nodes, with respect to a virtual radio organism (VRO) type of application, for example the Clarion or Erricson smart Automotive, and smart home systems. The octave pulse data personal network operates within the standard and specification constructs of ISM standard, the European digital cordless telephone (DECT) standard, home RF, IEEE802.11a-e and the like. OPD is completely adaptable to Bluetooth, DECT, LMDS and MMDS wireless voice transmission paths were voice codecs are used to encode and decode speech information. The invention provide its intelligent sleeve to operate in a telemetry and telematics environment with respect to transferring octave pulse signatures through unlicensed spectrum based Bluetooth 80C51/DECT/IEEE802.11 a-e compliant speech/audio channel space from within a motor vehicle to a small compatible base site node located within a truck dispatch facility that has a limited signal propagation range. This OPD base site node is interface with the Internet world wide web (WWW), and logically communicative with the inventions virtual host system (VHS) as Internet portal, and its specialized web-page that further enables downloads of intelligent sleeve and compatible PDA software upgrades, updates and the like. In fact to save digital cellular PLMN octave pulse data air time charges, the intelligent sleeve can bi-directionally transfer octave pulse data messages and other such information directly via Bluetooth 80C51, DECT, Home RF and IEEE802.11a-e compliant modulation schemes and protocol schemes. Therefore and PC or Macintosh desktop or laptop using an OPD PCM/CIA compliant plug in card may also act as a OPD-VTDN base site node when the computer is also interfaced with the Internet world wide web (WWW) via high speed digital subscriber line (DSL) services, and other high speed dialup modem access. In essence, the intelligent sleeve becomes a virtual radio organism (VRO) topological mini-mobile base site with respect to utilizing unlicensed spectrum to facilitate bi-directional OPD communications between remotely places ISM/DECT nodes and this small base site node, that is also interconnected to the Internet world wide web (WWW) via a personal computer.


The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention and together with a general description given above and the detailed description of the preferred embodiments given below, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

FIG. 1, is a logical block diagram of the VTDN network, causing an OPD data transaction event, transmitted from a VTT terminal, according to the invention.

FIG. 2, is a logical block diagram of the VTDN Network protocol, causing an OPD data transaction event, transmitted from a Virtual Host according to the invention.

FIG. 3, is block depiction of the Octave Pulse Data expressed in alphanumeric characters, according to the invention.

FIG. 4, is a block diagram depicting the component structure of the virtual terminal that supports OPD processing, according the invention.

FIG. 5, is a logical block diagram depicting the VTT OPD encoder, according to the invention.

FIG. 6, is a logical block diagram depicting the VTT OPD decoder, according to the invention.

FIG. 7, is a schematic diagram depicting the VTT OPE pulse encoding analysis process, according to the invention.

FIG. 8, is a logical block diagram depicting the VTT OPE pulse decoding analysis process, according to the invention.

FIG. 9, is a depiction of an Octave Pulse notation differentiation converted to conventional data formats, according to the invention.

FIG. 10, is a diagram depicting phases of conventional digital cellular speech signal sampling processes, according to the invention.

FIG. 11, is a diagram depicting selected coding and modulation structures, according to the invention.

FIG. 12, is a graphic representation of a string acoustically vibrating in an A-B-A-C-A music notational protocol, according to the invention.

FIG. 13, is a graphic representation of amplitude sound wave coefficients expressed over time, according to the invention.

FIG. 14, simply depicts a five millisecond octave pulse as a quantum of a musical sound notation signature, qualified as an F Sharp, according to the invention.

FIG. 15, graphically depicts defined acoustic sound waveforms captured in time, therefore quantized as a measured wavelength, according to the invention.

FIG. 16, depicts a graph that illustrates waveforms decreasing in amplitude as the originating energy dissipates, according to the invention.

FIG. 17, graphically depicts as an envelope of sound which is always shaped differently for each sound signature, according to the invention.

FIG. 18, graphically illustrates shows each of the first three modes of vibration that deals with musical sound loops and nodes, according to the invention.

FIG. 19, is a depiction of Octave Pulse sampling processes and waveforms, according to the invention.

FIG. 20, depicts three generate data packets utilized within the means and methods if specialized virtual circuit fast packet switching (VCFP) according to the invention.

FIG. 21 is a graphic representation of the VTDN WAP architecture using MSMS messaging, according to the invention.

FIG. 22, depicts a block diagram that illustrates the processes and procedures that link octave pulse processing from the VTT terminal and the Virtual host, according to the invention.

FIG. 23, is a graphic representation of a modified personal digital assistant (PDA) and the intelligent smart sleeve, according to the invention.

FIG. 24, block diagram of a host virtual transaction based network (VTDN), according to the invention.

FIG. 25, is a schematic representation of the OPD-VTDN network operation center and the virtual host system portal, according to the invention.


Reference will not be made in detail to the present preferred embodiments of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings. In describing the preferred embodiments and applications of the invention, specific terminology is employed for the sake of clarity. However, the invention is not intended to be limited to the specific terminology so selected, and it is understood that each specific element includes all technical equivalents that operate in a similar manner in similar wireless and wireline communication systems to accomplish a similar purpose.

Accordingly, there is provided means and methods that create novel Octave Data Protocols (OPD), that operate seamlessly within the network elements of GSM, IS-136, IS-95, GPRS, Wideband CDMA, GSM-CDMA, GSM-iDEN-Nextell, UMTS, IMT-2000, CDMA-2000, Globalstar and other related network elements. The invention also provides modified short message service (MSMS) based teleservice and bearer service data packet constructs and packet routing protocols. Combined with OPD the invention creates a multilayred and a multi-functional octave pulse data Virtual Transaction based Data Network (OPD-VTDN). Accordingly, it is the primary object of the invention to provide completely novel digital data encoding and decoding means that creates an octave pulse data protocols. OPD protocols are created by converting conventional binary based application specific data produced, generated and encoded by fixed and stationary telemetry and web clipping data devices. OPD protocols also enable the novel operation of portable and mobile telemetry and web clipping data devices. ODP is also created within the component structures of the inventions NOC and virtual host that essentially mirrors the disclosed processes and procedures ascribed to the VTT Terminal, as PDA and the intelligent sleeve.

The VTDN NOC and its novel virtual host system receives data bitstreams that arrive in the form of transaction capabilities procedure Internet protocols (TCP/IP) and the like data bit formats. These bitstreams originate from selected vertical and horizontal market applied application service provider (ASP) messages, polling messages, paging messages, AT command set data instructions, forward information messages, and forward query result messages. ASPs do not generate octave pulses only the VTT terminal and selected virtual host components (VHC) processes and procedures. One or more NOC components receive the ASP originated data and converts said data via novel processes and procedures into octave pulses. Once the connection based or connectionless based interchange of data information has begun, octave pulses are transmitted from the NOC virtual host system to the VTT Terminal operating in a selected PLMN or satellite network.

The OPD, MSMS and other manipulated data is therefore transmitted over selected forward and reverse digital traffic channels, and forward reverse PCM, ISDN, Frame Relay based PLMN and PSTN channel space. These selected channel space formats are physically interconnected and logically integrated into the inventions network operation center (NOC) and integrated virtual host componentry hardware, firmware and software modalities. The inventions specialized virtual host components are comprised of programmable switching matrix means, digital signal processor (DSP) host means, octave pulse and data character conversion tables, MSMS telemetry and web clipping message stack means, and storage area network (SAN) means. The NOC is ultimately designed to remotely manage telemetry devices such as automatic meter reading (AMR) devices, security systems mobile tracking devices that generate global positioning system (GPS) location information and the like. The application specific devices are typically the originating sources for the inventions means and methods for vertical markets while adhering to WAE guidelines.

The NOC is also ultimately designed to remotely manage VTT Terminal based portable and mobile based wireless Internet web clipping information based on common personnel digital assistant (PDA) session, presentation, and application layer modalities. This VTT-PDA receives and transmits stock market quotes and other information, transmit stock buy orders, and receive acknowledgements with little delay, because of the octave pulse data protocols that transport the data information from the NOC after converting its originating data formats. The invention's wireless web clipping device also receives and transmits weather information, airline flight information, marine conditions, mobile concierge service information, mapping information, news reports, ATM machine location information, and the like.

The invention also provides digital data hosting systems that gateway and convert interlink are located at a specially constructed VTDN network operation center (NOC) facility that manages VTT terminal communications, authentication and application service provider (ASP) billing algorithms. This structure creates a complete wireless and wireline application specific data based edge technology based, end-to-end virtual communications system that utilizes Public Land Mobile Networks (PLMN), Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN), and the world wide web Internet network, in a completely novel algorithmic-protocol means and method. One octave pulse generated by a VTT or NOC facility possesses an equivalent information value of eight bit bytes of digital data. Therefore the inventions octave pulses are transparent when processed by end of the VTDN network. OPD pulses are transmitted over digital voice channels utilized in TDMA and CDMA traffic channels in International GSM PLMN, North, Central and South American TDMA and CDMA networks. OPD pulses are in fact derived pseudo equivalents of musical notations, quantified as digital bit patterns interpreted my conventional means and methods.

OPD pulses are inserted at the same physical point and logical interval when the analog voice signal is converted into digital information at the speech coder/decoder's physical engress and outgress point, contained in conventional digital mobile station as part of radio and bus-logic circuit board. In fact all GSM-TDMA, other TDMA and CDMA based digital cellular mobile station electronic circuitry concerned with analog/digital conversion of voice information is similarly configured. This crucial component replacement and or modification enables the encoding and generation of specialized digital bit arrangements that produce virtually travel within the substrate bit patterns of conventional traffic channel frame and sub-frame pulses. However OPD produces specialized bit arrangements that reside within the traffic channel frames and sub-frames. Said specialized bit arrangements are in fact measured and defined as pulse patterns that emulate musical pitch ranges, defined by well structured and discrete octave ranges, and further defined as musical notations. Said octave pulses are in fact decoded and converted into characters that have aggregate value of eight bit-bytes.

The invention converts received four and eight bit byte information increments that are structured into conventional air interface, and decompressed to E1 and T1 compatible PCM data packets, into octave pulse data. Once the invention's application specific data information arrives at the mobile switching center (MSC) it is routed and transmitted over Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN), or in-band DSO-DS3 through selected GSM PLMN-PSTN inter and intra exchanges to the VTDN NOC. Conversely the invention enables receives octave pulse data that originated from the VTDN NOC, transmitted over selected PSTN and GSM PLMN equivalents, converts the octave pulse data into binary eight bit byte data and sends said data to the logically integrated and physically attached heretofore disclosed application specific telemetry device. In some cases, the inventions modified yet transparent application specific information is routed from the origination GSM PLMN to a specialized low cost VTDN gateway node that converts DSO/DS1 packet data into Internet TCP/IP packets that are then routed to the invention's VTDN network operation center.

An object of the invention is to create octave pulse patterns that are encoded into selected digital TDMA, and CDMA traffic voice channel coded frames, derived from manipulating source coding and speech processing that are integrated as digital building block algorithms known in generic codec-COder-DECoder logical structures. These conversion structures occur whenever analog voice is converted into digital information. Octave pulses are derived from generating digitally defined pseudo octaves created to create well-defined data bit increments. Within the substrates of these octave structures, are subsets of incremental musical notational measured-structures that are codified as the musical seven octaves and intervals; A, B, C, D, E, F, G, with variants F sharps, E flats, C naturals, and other such music related mathematical constructs. Each octave pulse is also defined by its sustain musical interval sound distance of 5 ms. An octave is a measured interval of a given musical pitch such as “A, or “B, for example. Each pulse has signature of one or more pitches, that may possess full tones and semitones for further resolving power.

Every octave pulse quantum signature is equally grantissimo, and possesses hard edged attack and decay patterns, in order to generate octave pulse tones that have a uniformity, clarity and high level of pulse-signature OSE resolving power. This uniformity will increase the mathematical probability of the octave pulse data being detected on both ends of the data communication session, and therefore predictability of a successful data transmission is exponentially increased. The invention also provides tick-track bit patterns to add another signature flow that runs underneath the octave pulses, a sub layer that transports additional data. Therefore these tick track patterns provide another layer of information flow in order to create additional data character information in the same channel space where the octave pulses flow. All of this unique information generation requires no modulation-demodulation process or other such conventional data transmission information means and methods. Octave pulse data (OPD) is simplicity itself.

Accordingly, well-defined musical notations are easy to decipher and discriminate when probability of a successful octave pulse data transmission is achieved. Therefore OPD pulse protocol will produce high-speed data derived character transmissions within the frame and subframe structures of logically defined air interface digital traffic channels, and pulse code modulation (PCM-30)-(PCM-24)-DS0-DS1 or equivalent PLMN and PSTN channels, or any other digital logically defined medium that support digital speech information. OPD measured pulse-data packet increments can produce an aggregate assemblage of thousands of binary based, hexadecimal based, and alpha numeric based characters that are transported through selected air interface and PCM based digital mediums with a five to six event duration cycle. OPD protocols produce an aggregately measured data throughput rate that ranges around 16 Kbps without incurring channel frame attenuation and intersymbol-octave pulse collision in a channel structure that was not designed to operate at 13 Kbps. Therefore the arbitrary value of each pulse as an eight-bit byte far exceeds the conventional valuation for the same amount of data derived from a 5 ms subframe.

The invention creates specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, embodied as VTT originated, or VTDN NOC originated data. Said data is formatted as SMS based asynchronous packets that are formatted to emulate a connectionless telemetry data that is transparent to a currently serving host network. The VTT terminal and or VTDN NOC facility can be construed as end nodes. Therefore, the originating end node initializes terminal and or NOC host system software that causes an asynchronous or synchronous data call set-up that in fact bypasses conventional SMSC and SMS message stacks.

The data call is established with the VTDN NOC and its integrated switching and host matrixes, and or the currently participating VTT terminal. Once the data call is established and proper synchronization and handshake is completed, the originating VTT terminal or VTDN NOC host system transmits the SMS packets through the GSM PLMN. This action bypasses the SMSC and message stack to the NOC via ISDN or other such PSTN channel space mediums, and or visa versa. The SMS is utilized transparently within the substrate layers of any GSM PLMN, ISDN, and or PSTN network without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as the synchronous and asynchronous, transparent and non-transparent data based GSM Short Message Service (SMS). Therefore, the invention creates an efficient, robust, and low cost modified short message service (MSMS).

The invention also creates specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats in order to originate specialized data calls from a selected VTT terminal and or a selected VTDN NOC and virtual host. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulates that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as the asynchronous and synchronous, and transparent and non-transparent Packet Assembler Disassembler (PAD) service elements. The invention utilizes specialized virtual circuit fast packet (VCFP) packet formats that also utilize special octave pulse interleaving with voice information in the same channel and data event space. The invention provides OPD and VCFP in order to enable simultaneous voice and data over any of the heretofore-disclosed bearer and teleservice based physical data paths and logical data channel structures. The invention enables MSMS staggered bi-directional data information transfer through packet assembler/disassembler modalities in the same heretofore disclosed means and method as previously detailed. The same means and method operates within the operational modalities of digital circuit switched services, GSM high speed circuit switched data services, (HSCSD), CDMA high speed circuit switched data services and the like.

The invention creates specialized data call packet formats, data call packet and hybrid data packet formats. The invention provides mobile station data call packet transfer initialization schemes, network operation center data call packet transfer initialization schemes, and forward channel and reverse channel data packet transfers that result in a application specific telemetry data communications event utilizing a selected digital data air interface medium. The invention takes an existing data, manipulate that data, without disrupting the communications medium applied to, such as signaling system number # 7 (SS#7) based Un-Structured Supplementary Data (USSD) services that provide 80 byte data packet for user data. The invention utilizes USSD to transport application specific data, and data call routing means and methods to the VTDN NOC, and or VTDN Gateway Node. Contained within the bit structure of the 80 byte USSD packet, is application specific data that always points the data call to the VTDN NOC via the currently serving signaling system # seven (SS#7) networks, that provides 64 Kbp/s data rates, and signaling system seven (SS7) networks that provide 56 Kbp/s and 64 Kbp/s data rates.

The VTDN NOC can contain a home location register (HLR) that is essentially a service control point (SCP) as a point-of-presence (POP) on any SS#7/SS7 network. The invention provides specialized and simplified data call routing mechanisms that are transmitted in-band, that is within the framing structures of data call itself, via such mediums as PCM-24, PCM-30, DSO, and DS1 networks accordingly. These heretofore disclosed PCM networks are distributed worldwide. No matter how the data call is initialized, its front-end data packet always points to the same terminating destination, the VTDN NOC facility that is completely interconnected to all TCP/IP Internet network node topologies, PLMN node topologies. PSTN node and switching topologies, and SS7/SS#7 signaling network topologies.

Therefore the invention combines OPD protocols, conventional yet modified bearer service, and teleservice data protocols that include manipulated and modified SMS protocols, PAD data protocols, USSD data protocols, USSD, PAD, and digital circuit switched protocols. The invention utilizes these selected data call service layers under a cogently structured and efficient VTDN network multi-layered hierarchical protocol. The VDTN virtual data protocols are designed to utilize the best components, processes and procedures from all disclosed bearer and teleservice iterations while discarding the most inefficient and bandwidth hungry features of each. This is accomplished utilizing the invention's means and methods simply by taking an existing data, manipulated that data which in fact creates an application specific data, without disrupting the conventional means and methods of the communication medium selected as host network transport means. Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part by the description that follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention's many protocols. The objects and advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by means of the elements and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

Referring to FIG. 1, one major component of the inventions octave pulse virtual transaction based data network (OP-VTDN) is the virtual transaction based wireless terminal (VTT) systems and its functional iterations 50. Expressed in this simple rendering are the main functional protocol elements that drive the VTT Terminal configured as intelligent sleeve 66. These protocol elements are the core protocol control system module 52 that is integrated with selected human machine interface (HMI) 62 configured in such hardware, firmware and software modalities as a Palm VII PDA 65, or any PDA 428 that has a “stylus tap-tablet screen, an LCD or color video view screen. Other HMI interfaces also include an ASCII keyboard, an infrared service port, an ISA infrared data interchange port, an ISM/DECT/802.11a-b compliant 2.4-5.8 GHz wireless broadband node data port, a fingerprint scan system port, a retina scan system port, and the like. Interconnected physically and integrated logically with the VTT terminal core module 52 is the application specific device (ASD) 99. An ASD 99 can be a vertical market telemetry device 99b and a horizontal market, speech to text-text to speech module, simultaneous voice and data module (SVD), and an abbreviated Internet web-clipping device 99c, other than a PDA. Either way core functionality remains the same. Accordingly, there is provided specialized means, method and protocol variants that produce application specific data packet messaging and host network routing algorithmic routines. The specialized means, method and algorithmic protocols are utilized in selected host networks by taking an existing data, manipulated said data, without causing disruption to said conventional means, methods and modalities that in fact relate to the original design and intent of the network elements in question.

Referring to FIG. 1. There is provided the means, method and modality of the invention's octave pulse data (OPD), defined as a practical wireless and network data communications language based upon complex wave musical-resonant-constructs. OPD also serves as a stand-a-lone data language, and a means to interpret arbitrary character values based eight bit byte octave pulse signatures. Application specific data character formats are derived from the type of messaging constructs a particular type of application to be served. OPD is therefore applicable with any selected public network's wireless and wireline physical channel transmission path-space since octave pulse signature constructs essentially remain within the same range of variation. Each end of the OPD data communications event may utilize and unlimited range of machine and human language constructs. OPD utilizes conventional modulation schemes and systems protocols in a transparent manner. ODP is designed to operate virtually within the network elements of selected wireless PLMN network and wireline PSTN networks. Octave pulse data with its unique “creation, and support systems is an “edge, technology that is derived from theoretical extrapolations drawn from music theory, acoustic sciences, systems theory, information theory, combined with the real world practice with respect to a plurality of wired and wireless telecommunication network means, methods and apparatus.

Referring to FIG. 3, depicted here is a set of fundamental semantic constructs specific to octave pulse data (OPD) 76 theory and practice. Depicted here in one example are octave pulse values expressed in numeric characters arranged in an absolute progression 77. Each numeric character 83 has a corresponding harmonic octave value 84 attribute. Therefore, the very nature of OPD enables a communications system that is, at its core, is a “self simplifying system. In that, whatever host network OPD is adapted to, has a significant increase in host network efficiency. Application product diversity is increased when “common sense simplicity, is applied to intelligent management constructs of host network elements from each of the inventions intelligent ends. Simplifying host network elements by merely using each element more intelligently increases all network processes, procedures and applications by virtue of manipulating its origination, termination and routing procedures, and how conventional data and digital voice channels are “massaged, with innovative protocols and simplified channel coding with octave pulse generation.

Accordingly, the aforesaid OPD constructs are derived from the phenomena of acoustics. Acoustics is a science that treats the constructs of sounds as qualitative and quantitative musical elements that are structured in an infinite scope of varieties expressed in nature and in the design and function of man made acoustic and or digital musical generating instruments. The scope of OPD constructs that are derived from music theory are effectively reduced to, and expressed in concrete terms that actually point to a given increment of generated sound. This increment is a “sound signature construct, that has a set of values expressed in combinations of pitch, timbre, amplitude, beat, sustain and other related aspects. These music elements can be adapted to coincide with other languages such as a plurality of digital communicative constructs utilized in intelligent end nodes and host network elements. Therefore musical sounds have some basis in physically measurable constructs inherent in acoustical phenomena and a communicative language from the beginning of Human History. Dual tone multiple frequency (DTMF) tones generate in the “key of C, over a wide digital traffic channel, and PCM circuit frame and subframe dispersion. DTMF and switch based multi frequency (MF) have been the basis for in-band telephony signaling since the Late 50's and Early 60's.

The human hearing apparatus is itself a physical instrument that captures waves of sound with its own scope of operating properties and limitations. Digital traffic speech channels carry voice codec/decode information within the substrate layers of GSM, TDMA and CDMA speech frames and subframes that carry digitized voice information at 8000 samples a second. Conventional mobile station digital coder/decoder that process voice information, algorithmically operate to mimic, create, support and compensate for the operating properties of ambient noise, and limitations of human hearing and speech while operating in the hostile environment of digital traffic channel frame and subframe generation and transport. The invention completely embraces these limitations, and converts technical limitations into advantages. All phenomena can be measured and understood by its spectral-harmonic-value, and its fractal-geometric construct coupled with its vector: magnitude and direction. Whether it is light spectrum, sound spectrum, electrical spectrum, or channel space spectrum; at the end of the day its is all spectrum. Octave pulse data is designed from the fundamental ground up. This posit supports Claude Shannon's idea paraphrased here, that the semantic aspects of octave pulse data information content is irrelevant to the problem of transporting octave pulse based application specific information through public land mobile networks (PLMN). In a real sense, octave pulse signatures are defined as “a digital message streams, that travels through PLMN channel space. Octave pulses are constructed of “electrons being created and carried by “photon packets, at the nuclear particle level. Whether it is a guitar string at rest or an octave pulse signature stored in an inert database, both are expressed as fundamental kinetic or potential energy constructs.

To extend this concept further, octave pulse signatures are complex electromagnetic waves that have kinetic energy like a standing wave. Within the constructs of the same idea, guitar strings when plucked produce kinetic complex acoustic waves, the former is a construct of stored electromagnetism, and the later is a construct of released kinetic sound waves, respectively. Whether at rest in an inert electromagnetic database, or at rest within the physical constructs of a guitar string, reduced to the atomic-particle level, the essential phenomenological expressions of both mediums are the same. For purposes inherent to this disclosure, comparisons in the study of electrical magnetism apply to the constructs of the present invention. The difference between a “standing electromagnetic wave,” and a “traveling electromagnetic wave, is essentially the difference between potential and kinetic energy respectively as applied in any electrical medium such as digital channel space.

The relationship between the perceived characteristics of musical sound and physically measurable acoustical phenomena is thus not always simple and direct. The human perception of sound is expressed in terms of pitch, timbre, and loudness. Sounds are produced by vibrating systems that transmit their vibrations through some medium such as air, through liquids, and solids. Digitally derived sounds are representations of “pseudo sounds, derived from music related data storage systems such as a music workstation, a music sampling system and the like. A conventional mobile station and the inventions VTT terminal as intelligent sleeve, is a handheld sound sampling and processing computer in addition to its other functions. Any telephony digital switching system designed for wireless networks or landline or other wise, is comprised of sound sampling and processing computing system. All telephony networks deploy massive amounts of dialogic audio and other types of related cards in order to produce sampled tones and sampled voice playback sequences. Therefore OPD produces digitally sampled “discrete octave pulses, that travel in frames and subframes of GSM, CDMA, TDMA, UMTS and GPRS digital traffic channel speech frame transmission bursts, and pulse code modulated (PCM) channels.

Referring to FIG. 12. The phenomenological constructs that qualify and quantify octave pulse data (OPD) are common in “harmonic sound shaping systems known as natural and man made musical instruments. These instruments are human vocal chords, horns, and pipe organs for example that shape and move columns of air, and strung instruments that produce sounds as a result of plucking, striking or rubbing strings with fingers, or stricking a string with bow or mallet. For the purposes of this disclosure analogies of octave pulses and the harmonic constructs generated by string instruments is utilized here. For example, a “generic string, 225 is stretched between points “X, 224 and “Y, 228. The string 225 is at rest. The string is displaced by natural and or mechanical intervention. The strings midpoint “A, 230 is plucked or struck and thus displaced to point “B, 226 and point “C, 231 and released, it will vibrate in such a way that its midpoint repeatedly traverses these points “A-B-A-C-A. This harmonic movement will continue until the original applied kinetic-energetic force dissipates because of the strings age, tension and pitch level, gravity, air pressure, humidity, the law of entropy and the like. In a digital environment the mechanics of analog sound sampling are expressed in terms of specific algorithmic procedures.

These algorithmic procedures measure analog increments of acoustic waveforms that are transformed from original sources may be captured by an oscillating diaphragm that is contained within a microphone capsule. The oscillating diagram moves as a result of receiving variable sound waves. Different pitches amplitudes and the like causes a microphone oscillator to vibrate at different rates. These comparative differientations cause low voltage to be produced from the microphone, sent over attached metallic conductors to an amplifier which increases the “amplitude, of the signal and thus sends the signal to loudspeakers for playback. Instill another process this electromechanical process acts in such as way as to generate a low voltage and thus transduces these sounds into “soft samples of analog information. In another context a microphone is just another transducer. There are many types of transducers that produce sounds as a result of applied electromechanical actions. Some digital pianos and musical sampling keyboards have weighted piano keys attached to a specialized transducer, or an electric guitar pickup that detects “localized plucked string harmonics, or the “striking velocity of a drum stick hitting a digital drum or drum pad that produces a pre-programmed sound.

Electronic musical instruments such as Roland digital drum systems, and the Korg Triton Music Sampling Workstations are essentially computers with specialized inputs and outputs, that digitally sample received analog and digitally reproduced sound information that was originally retrieved from externally recorded analog audio recorded sources, natural acoustic sources, and purely digital generated sources. Once received the sound information is stored in resident memory for later playback, mixing, and sound shaping manipulation and the like. Referring to FIG. 10, depicted here are fundamental sampling processes 319 that are endemic to conventional digital cellular systems. Baseband speech signals are shown here as a typical acoustic wave 320 with an unspecified duration. Speech signals are typically restricted to the minimum bandwidth that ranges from “300 Hz to 3.4 Khz, 261 after being filtered 312 with selected cut-off frequencies 262. The “Sampling Theorem, states that the sampling rate, governed by a corresponding sampling interval 323, has to be at least a 2:1 ratio 263, i.e. twice the maximum signal frequency. This process is necessary in order to reconstruct the original signal 264 with minimal distortion and produce clear speech signals in a radio environment.

A conventional mobile stations sampling conversion is a process that involves filtering 262 this raw acoustic or analog input source 320. “Every 125 us, a value is sampled from the analog signal 264 and quantized 328 by a “13-bit word 328 in 8 bit patterns 329. The 125 us, sampling interval 323 is used to create a sampling frequency signal of 8 kHz 260b, which is how 8,000 samples per second are derived from the source 264, and converted to a sampling signal 326 and quantized 328 from hard digital sampling 327 sources within the 8 kHz range 260d. Shown here is a symbolic representation of a digital hard sampling signal 325 that is used previous to the channel coding interval, while still maintaining 8 kHz 260c. Interestingly there is much correlation between how digital musical instruments capture, process and transmit sound information via integrated circuit based bus logic, and analog amplification and speakers, and how digital mobile stations process receive, and interpret received analog information such as voice, when considering this from a quantum perspective.

Like a digital music workstation the mobile phone or the invention's VTT terminal, converts, samples, quantizes and channel codes this voice or octave pulse sound information into a digital bit stream and transmits it to its host network destination. Conversely on the receive side, the VTT terminal as intelligent sleeve receives the digital bitstream information and converts the digital information back into an analog signal that is “played back via an ear piece speaker or hands free speaker instantaneously. This digital voice information is transmitted over GSM TDMA, GPRS, IS-136 TDMA, IS-95-CDMA digital traffic channels. A digital mobile station such as a GSM handset converts the acoustic voice information into digital information via sampling, and quantizing the information into data bit streams, and transmits the information in 20 ms bursts. Each burst represents one frame. Each 20 ms frame speech frame is comprised of four speech subframes; each subframe contains 40 samples. In terms of the aggregate, the derived quanta are 160 samples of voice information total. Each subframe has a duration value of 5 ms.

The invention manipulates these forty samples of each 5 ms subframe with an increment of pseudo harmonic pattern that is specially shaped with a sharply defined signature that generates a specifically measured pitch, timbre, amplitude, beat and other identifiable sets of complex waveform dynamics. By providing precise octave pulse signatures, conventional sampling and channel coding processes are optimized as result. In terms of any type of wireless data transmission, any RF channel is a hostile environment at best. Octave Pulse Data is designed to circumvent the effect of noisy digital radio channels and PCM circuits. Each generated octave pulse produced by the inventions fully synchronized octave pulse sampling and conversion engine (OSE), as part of the OP-CODEC is designed to be generated perfectly “fit, within each 5 ms subframe, that is encoded and transmitted and received and decoded by a VTT terminal or virtual host system (VHS). Octave pulse precision and thus predictability can dramatically offset the vagaries of a GSM or other cellular or satellite radio channel. Therefore recognition of a single or a plurality of octave pulses in a message bitstream is much more predictable thus enabling a high degree of octave pulse recognition by both intelligent ends involved in a selected OPD data communications event.

Major features of digital data transmission involve the techniques used to protect data or speech frames through specialized coding. Coding adds additional bits to the original octave pulse signature information, in order to provide a means of protecting original information in the same way conventional speech information is protected. The invention changes nothing in the way speech and data frames or optimized. The invention simply takes advantage of these coding features, and derives the best benefit from these processes and procedures, and stay well within host network operating standards. In a GSM environment coding processes are unique and yet are quite similar with respect to IS-95 CDMA, CDMA-2000, IS-136 TDMA-EDGE traffic channel, and Globalstar CDMA/TDMA coding modalities for example. This coding means and method gives data more security, since it is possible to identify and even correct to some extent data corrupted in the RF path. A simple channel coding scheme is to break the data stream into blocks or data words and then add a single bit to each block, which indicates to the receiver if the block is correct. This is an example of a block or cyclic code. Another function of channel coding for example is convolutional coding.

Convolutional coding ads redundant bits in such a way that a decoder can within limits, detect errors and correct them. For a code to be able to correct errors, a certain number of additional bits have been added to the data payload or “octave pulse load. The added bits are called redundancy bits. These conventional coding processes and procedures do not effect octave pulse data in any adverse way. If fact, octave pulse data enables much less data bit errors because each 5 ms pulse is highly predictable in terms of its octave pulse signature structure and its duration. An octave pulse is generated in the 5 ms subframe at the point and time of speech channel 20 ms frame by the GSM radio for example. Along with clean and predictable octave pulse recognition and subframe synchronization, there is yet another interesting feature to channel coding that the invention productively exploits. Referring to FIG. 4, depicted here is a block representation of the inventions Virtual Transaction data Terminal (VTT) componentry 120. This example reflects conventional design formats with special modifications. The VTT terminal comprises a subscriber identity module (SIM) 133, a module card 132 that contains the central processor (CPU), clocking and tone functions, internal bus logic and plug in to human machine interface (HMI) apparatus such as key board, key pad, speech to text module and the like. The VTT terminal integrated circuitry means is broadly divided into the encoding side and decoding side. There is also provided a global positioning system (GPS) receiver 426 in order to provide positioning information when the VTT terminal 120 is configured as an “intelligent sleeve 66 for a OPD modified Palm VII personal digital assistance (PDA) 65 as depicted in FIG. 23.

With reference to FIG. 4, in terms of encoding, the VTT terminal utilizes conventional TDMA data encoding module set 125 that include a channel encoding, interleaving, and TDMA burst generation processing, a ciphering module 127, a modulator module 129, a combiner 131, an antenna or antenna port 134. On the decoding side there is provided a conventional demodulator module 128, a deciphering module 126, a channel-decoding module 124 that performs de-interleaving and reformatting procedures. There is also provided an RS232 interface port 121. The invention provides a specialized speech decoder 122, and a speech decoder interface 123. Also there is provided an octave sampling and conversion engine (OSE) 90a and an octave pulse storage system (OPS) 255 in the form of chipset or series of chips operating in parallel the comprise the OP-CODEC. The octave sampling engine (OSE) 90a is interconnected to the channel decoding module 124 via special bus logic, that provides octave pulse content and synchronization 258 with channel burst cycling. The octave sampling engine (OSE) 90a is also interconnected to the channel encoding module 125 via specialized bus logic that provides octave pulse content and burst cycle synchronization 257. There is also provided a MIDI data instruction file 214a used for octave pulse loading, an ARM processor chip 333a, boot RAM memory chip 333c, and a DRAM chip 333b. These three components further enable incredible application diversity for the inventions “intelligent sleeve, 66.

Referring to FIG. 23. ARM processors are designed to support many software modules and kernals that enable high-resolution graphic displays, and interactive methods such as “tap stylus, 404 for PDA screens such as the one shown here 367a as part of the Palm VII PDA 65. In fact the intelligent sleeve 66 is structured around an “embedded-system architecture. While the intelligent sleeve does not have a display of its own, with the ARM processor the intelligent sleeve will supports any and all PDAs with high resolution graphic displays, including color displays and the like. The are many application modules and kernals that are embedded within the firmware and software means of the OPD based intelligent sleeve 66. These embedded application kernals and modules will power and process applications specific to octave pulse data (OPD) data management, digital cellular applications, and other such applications to be accessible, controllable and displayed on the plugged in PDA 65.

Referring to FIG. 4. The inventions virtual transaction terminal (VTT) 120 acts as one end of the intelligence chain that contains the invention's synchronized octave sampling and data conversion engine OSE/OSP chipset 90a, 371a respectively. On the other end of the virtual network, the (OSE) 90b, and the as shown in FIG. 25 is a key component of the inventions core octave pulse generation system (OCGS) 44, and the octave pulse character conversion (OPCC) 270. All three components are part of the inventions virtual host system (VHS) as portal 256. The virtual host system (VHS) as Internet portal 256, is a comprehensive WAP compliant system that is located at a designated master network operation center (NOC). The virtual host manages all octave pulse activity, MSMS messaging, voice and data call processing and routing. The inventions OSE, OCGS and OPCC are designed to completely synchronize with host network, specifically with digital traffic channel coding, and framing synchronization and PCM channel synchronization. Because like a speech codec, data streaming from a VTT integrated OSE is channel coded and octave pulse coded before being forwarded to the modulator integrated within the substrate layers the transmitter that is a part of the VTT terminal 120 as intelligent sleeve 66.

Essentially the same process occurs with the virtual host system. The inventions OSE, OCGS and OPCC are designed to synchronize with the input algorithms of the PCM encoder and the output algorithms of the PCM decoder. Octave pulse signatures are transported by way of associated PSTN and its PCM channels. Octave pulse data is also channel coded during the data compression and conversion process of converting PSTN channel data protocols to digital air interface channel protocols. This conversion takes place when it arrives at the currently serving base site (BS), base site controller (BSC) and or satellite transponder. Interestingly, digital traffic channels with speech frames are the most ubiquitously deployed wireless data medium in the world, and PCM channels have more comprehensive penetration world wide than any other data and voice transport medium. The invention makes the best of this situation.

To better understand the fundamental derails of Octave Pulse Data character structure, references to particular musical sound dynamics are disclosed. These specific sound dynamics are inherent with the acoustic effects of played instruments such as a piano, violin, lute or guitar for example. Strings that are struck or plucked during play produce unique harmonic constructs that are easily defined, yet are complex and reveal the fundamental harmonic signature constructs of each individual octave pulse and its unique pseudo sound signature (PSS). When many octave pulses are combined to create a data-message in a database, and then transmitted over a digital traffic channel or a PCM network a new data transport means is harnessed. When the message arrives at its destination and is read by a person, a new digital data communications language is defined. Plucked or struck instrument strings produce easily quantifiable and predictably managed sound values. The behavior of musically defined acoustic phenomenon is a predictable constant in much the same way channel coding, codec algorithms and filter coefficients predict the behavior of human speech patterns in digital cellular and satellite radio systems.

Depicted in FIG. 12 is a displaced string 225 oscillating on a strung instrument. Imagine that this string has been stretched between points “X, 224 and point “Y, 228 and its midpoint “A, 230. This string 227 is stretched between, and attached to, wooden or metal pegs mounted on the body and neck of a guitar, or within the body and frame of a piano. If for example the string 227 at midpoint “A, 230 is plucked, pulled or struck and is displaced to point “B, 226 and released, it will vibrate in such a way that its midpoint repeatedly traverses the course “A-B-A-C-A, as illustrated here. Assuming for the moment the absence of friction, stiffness in the string 227 at rest and the like. If one then imagines that the midpoint of the string “A, 230 is a point of light, and that light sensitive paper is passed along the string at a steady speed. Next it is passed in a direction parallel to the length of the string, and in a plane parallel to the plane in which the string is vibrating. The vibrations of the string can be understood as represented by waves. Referring to FIG. 15, these waves 235 encompass the duration of “1, 238 traced by the midpoint “A, 239 the distance encompasses one complete wave, one harmonic vibration cycle, or one octave pulse 80. During which, in a musical context the midpoint of the string has traversed the course “A, 239-“B, 234-A-“C, 236-A, that equals a measure or an increment of temporal time called a duration 233 equaling 5 ms. This measured 238 wave 235 therefore stipulates and specifies the “wavelength, of an octave pulse 80 expressed as a combined character value of “TZ, 312. Referring to FIG. 14. This particular wavelength equals a specific musical value that is expressed “pseudo acoustically, as a “high speed data, “digital note, in the form of an “F Sharp with a beat factor of four 308. The “beat factor, refers to the unique signature of this octave pulse 80 as depicted in FIG. 9. Each “beat, 344 possesses a pseudo sound signature that has a time duration value of 1 ms, that comprises a 5 ms octave pulse. Accordingly, within the bit structures of the octave pulse “signature defined here as “FS4, 308 is this selected 5 ms that are one to four 1 ms “beat, or “tick track signatures, coupled with well defined syncopation patterns.

Syncopation can be defined as the “pause between the beats. Each octave pulse can possess an one to four beat signature that is a unique pattern that may be arranged differently, for each octave pulse signature connotes a unique ASCII, Alpha numeric character arrangement. Therefore this particular pulse has a well defined musical-tone based “octave language value, (OLV) of an F sharp that is combined with an equal or offset beat value of four 308. This particular octave pulse also has a character translation value of one to three eight bit byte(s) 307 and 309 respectively, with an ASCII character value of “TZ, 312 after translation at either “end, of the inventions OP-VTDN network. An equal or even beat pattern suggests the “beats, 344 have equal syncopation between beats, or “beat equal syncopation, (BES). An offset beat syncopation suggests the “beats, have an uneven or “beat off-set pattern (BOS).

Referring to FIG. 15. In terms of the dynamics of light, sound or radio waves all three phenomena produce waves or waveform. All waves oscillate with cyclical characteristics. The three waves 235 depicted here are complete waves, also known as vibrations and cycles. Because this wave is quantifiable and qualifiable in temporal reality, this wave 235 is defined in terms of “unit of time. Therefore the number of complete waves occurring per unit of time is the “frequency of vibration and is measured in cycles per second, also called a “Hertz after the German physicist Heinrich R. Hertz. The distance “a, 237 is the “amplitude of vibration 240 as shown in FIG. 13. Referring to FIG. 12. The frequency “f, of a string 225 is defined by its length “L’ in meters, stretched at a tension “T, measured in units called “Newtons, after the English physicist Sir Isaac Newton.

Another part of the equation deals with mass “m, kilograms per meter of length is expressed as follows: f=12 LTm

From this relationship it can be seen that if the tension and mass of a string remain constant, the frequency will rise as the length of the string is reduced. Similarly, if the if the length and mass remain constant, the frequency will rise with increases in the strings tension, thus changing the shape of the wave. In concrete music terms this means that if a violinist shortens a vibrating string by stopping it at some point on the fingerboard, the frequency of vibration is increased. It is this increase in frequency that accounts for the listener's perception of higher pitch. Similarly, if the tension of an open string is increased by means of a tuning peg, an increase in frequency is produced and thus a higher pitch. This relationship also shows that frequency is unrelated to amplitude, which depends on the amount of energy imparted to the string when it is set in motion and is thus related to the amount of energy that the string can impart to the surrounding medium; This energy, measured in watts per square meter at any point, is the intensity of the sound. An increase in intensity produces a sense of increased loudness, though the human ear is not equally sensitive to changes in intensity over the whole range of either frequencies or intensities that can detect.

In practical terms, if a violin string is plucked with increased force that is, if the point at which it is plucked is displaced a greater distance from the line that describes the string at rest, the amplitude of vibration is increased. This act therefore increases the intensity of the sound produced, and the loudness perceived while the pitch remains constant, and predictable. The entire length of the string described here is vibrating as a single segment and is thus producing a single frequency. This mode of vibration and the resulting frequency are designated with the label “fundamental. Strings and most other vibrating systems, however, generally vibrate in several modes simultaneously. In the case of strings, these modes consist of vibrational segments shorter than the total length of the string. This points directly the bandwidth of this string by virtue of its dynamic frequency range. An octave pulse also possesses a dynamic frequency range, for similar reasons.

A key element that relates to octave pulse performance is expressed as: “pulse to host system resolution (PSP). Mathematical formulas may be derived by simply knowing the resolving rate of a selected digital traffic channel, its serving system base site radios and VTT terminal filter; anti-aliasing coefficients and PSTN PCM channel performance parameters. Octave pulse signature resolving or resolution rate is based upon a pulse per second (OPS) rate. A host telecommunication system's “(PSP) rate thus reflects how efficiently a network node processes, discriminates, and fully transports from an origination point such as the VTT terminal, to the Virtual Host System (VHS) as portal located at the inventions (NOC) via a host PLMN and PSTN network. At this point it is still necessary to understand additional “string dynamic parameters.

In terms of considering string harmonics, strings can vibrate in many modes or states at once, called halves, thirds, fourths and so on. Referring to FIG. 18, the illustration shows the first three vibrations. In any single, double or triple mode of vibration 281, 282 and 284, all of the vibrating segments are of equal length and called “loops, 280a, 280b, and 280c respectively. The points “N, 283a, 283b and 283c are “nodes, and remain stationary. Because each mode of vibration results from a division of the string at “node point, 283a, 283b and 283c into some integral number of segments of equal length called “loops, 280a, 280b and 280c it follows from the mathematical expression for frequency previously disclosed, that the several modes of vibration will produce frequencies that are integral multiples of the fundamental frequency. Thus, when the string vibrates in halves, the frequency produced will be twice the fundamental, when in thirds the frequency will be three times the fundamental. Octave pulse signature structures are based upon these laws of vibrating frequencies, in order to perform optimumly in a selected digital traffic channel and PCM space. Each octave pulse is generated at the point of origination, in such a way as to achieve the best “harmony, with selected host network element, filter coefficient settings and other related aspects. These important octave pulse performance related aspects have further relevance with respect to specific codec-vocoder sampling rates, frequencies normally detected, and levels of octave pulse signature complexity features, that are allowed to pass from one conventional network element to another network element.

Octave pulse signature complexities relate to the extent of holographic data bit pattern differintations that a given host network element will recognize during a traffic channel subframe, PCM frame and subframe coding and channel coding procedural event. Octave pulses are holographic data bit patterns that are sampled and stored in special databases. Octave pulse signatures are “whole pseudo-octave-harmonics, that are based on the manipulations of octave “pseudo-harmonic fundamentals, halves, thirds and special beat patterns. Therefore, each single octave pulse signature can produce specialized layered signature constructs, and still be accurately resolved by conventional PLMN and PSTN network elements. The invention's octave pulse sampling and data conversion engine (OSE) is designed to be set well above the resolving rate of sampling engines that resolve at 8,000 bits per second. Each octave pulse 5 ms “waveform, must be shaped in such a way as to match filter conventional codec filter coefficients that further facilitate passage through conventional filter frequency limitations. Octave pulses need to coherently match the “octave ranges of human speech within reason. Couple specialized octave pulse beat signatures, with “signature-fundamental-tones, and a full range of new range of arbitrary conventional characters are transported as a result. A series of frequencies consisting of a “fundamental, and ascending through integral multiples of it in this way is called a harmonic series. In a sense, the fundamental produces additional waves, in series with the same amplitude and duration. This process is much like a cell dividing in a biological process or photons interleaving as electron packets in an electromagnetic space with respect to any modulated radio and PCM channel space.

The fundamental is called the first harmonic, in terms of a specific “single tone-octave pulse. The “fundamental, in an octave pulse signature application relates to the “primary wave. The frequency that is twice the fundamental is called the second harmonic, a frequency that is three times the fundamental is call the third harmonic. Frequencies above the fundamental in this series are also sometimes called overtones, the first overtone being the second harmonic. In practice, then, a single string or other vibrating system used in music produces a series of discrete frequencies called partials simultaneously and thus produces a series of discrete pitches simultaneously. However, since the fundamental usually has much the greatest intensity, the ear, while assimilating all of the frequencies present, recognizes only the fundamental. In terms of octave pulse system design, all frequencies of a selected octave pulse are recognized, read and “weighted for its character value. The presence or absence of the remaining harmonics and their relative intensities contribute to what the ear perceives as the timbre or tone color of the fundamental pitch. The vibrations that produce each of these remaining harmonics can be represented as a wave of a certain length and amplitude, and the waves representing all the frequencies present in a steadily sounding tone can be added together to produce a single complex waveform. Therefore a complex waveform that describes the tone with respect to what is heard has both pitch and timbre. In terms of an octave pulse, it is not what is heard, it is what is digitally detected, resolved and processed at each end of the virtual network.

Referring to FIG. 13, shown here is a complex harmonic waveform 313 as derived from an acoustic source. This complex waveform 313 is comprised of a fundamental or “primary articulated waveform, (PAW) 241. The second harmonic, or “second articulated waveform, (SAW) 242. And, the third harmonic, or “third articulated wave, (TAW) 243. In this novel complex wave, all generate equal amplitude 240. This complex wave with its three waveforms can be construed as a “spectrum, each line 241, 242, and 243 represents the intensity of each harmonic, or waveform, each with its own signature. This layered spectrum relates directly to one octave pulse that possesses a signature value of one, two or three 8 bit byte characters arbitrarily attributed and translated into a conventional ASCII, numeric, or holographic graphic character. Thusly, each spectral line represents a character value with an arbitrary interpretation and therefore creates a coherent language value all its own. The “static value, of one octave pulse equates with one to three eight bit bytes. This core value never changes only how each “harmonic signature value is assigned to a unit of information such as a letter, number, graphic increment or whole hieroglyphic character with respect to traditional Asian language construct. For example a selected application may require the use of a Chinese written hieroglyph as a discrete unit of value interpreted on either end of the octave pulse data communications event. The character value is completely arbitrary. Each octave pulse can possess specific arbitrary application specific related interpretations in systems that are designed to communicate in terms of octave-pulse harmonic language constructs. In FIG. 13 the concept of “time, 244 in this case relates to an octave pulse with a 5 ms duration.

With reference to FIG. 18, once this string is set in vibration, the string is manipulated into three different harmonic iterations 281, 282 and 284. The relative wave-position of the three harmonic loops 280a, 280b and 280c, relates to harmonic emphasis 265a, 265b, and 265c and deemphasis paradox 266a, 266b and 266c. This motion is created in such a way as to emphasize one or another of the harmonics in a measured phenomenological context. If, for example, the string 282 is plucked at its midpoint node “N, 283a the first harmonic or “primary articulated wave, will by emphasized 265a and “second articulated wave, will be deemphasized 266a, since the midpoint is a node “N, 283a for the “second articulated wave. Similarly, plucking or bowing the string closer to the end will tend to emphasize one or more of higher harmonics with respect to the “primary articulated wave, or fundamental. Differences in the point at which the string is plucked, at “Node point 283a, 283b and 283c or bowed are heard as differences in timbre or tone “color. In a related concept, the frequency and thus the shape of a “primary articulated wave, and “complex wave an octave pulse signatures perform differently in different “codec constructs, PCM circuits, and digital traffic speech channel environments. Proper channel coding and quantizing configurations can reduce and reshape channel noise. Critical quantizing noise can certainly effect the performance of a plurality of octave pulse signatures. The quantizing noise generated at the output of PCM decoder can be categorized into four types depending on operating conditions. The four types are overload noise, random noise, granular noise and hunting noise. Because of the exacting design of octave pulses as there generated within 5 ms subframes, much of the noise inherent with respect to real world digital traffic channel and PCM channel space environments is eliminated. Channel noise phenomenon also includes a plurality of detected ambient noises, this type of noise is also produced by inferior user equipment. The octave pulse engine (OPE) designed for the VTT terminal as intelligent sleeve, and the inventions virtual host system (VHS) is directly integrated with digital traffic channel codec algorithms, coding modules, and PCM encoder/decoder and channel coding input and output systems that process speech through codecs. The octave pulse system is designed to eliminate as much “origination noise, as possible.

The level of the analog waveform at the input of the PCM encoder needs to exceed the design amplitude peak of the host channel. Octave pulses must be carefully configured in order to generate proper amplitude levels, complex wave pitch, timbre, and wave shape. Octave pulses use digital sampling as the only resource for octave pulse signature generation. During an octave pulse data communications event, there is no direct speech sampling and encoding by the VTT terminal on network input side, and no digital bitstream to analog decoding conversion on the network output side. Digital octave pulse data is specially coded, synchronized and transported from an origination point in speech frames within a digital traffic channel, converted to PCM frames at the base site and relayed through the channel space of a PSTN environment to the invention's virtual host system (VHS) as portal to the Internet world wide web. When the octave pulse data arrives at the virtual host system (VHS) no digital to analog conversion is necessary. The PCM digital voice frames and subframes are detected and the contained octave pulses are retrieved and stored in a digital medium such as a storage area networks (SAN) for further processing and use for messaging. In a system perspective, octave pulse data communicates from point of origination, to point of termination in complete digital form. By eliminating analog to digital conversion and visa versa, most of the noise associated with conventional speech processing is eliminated. Therefore octave pulse data communicates over digital wireless speech channels and PCM channels in the form of a “digital bitstream during an end to end OPD data communications event.

Referring to FIG. 19. Even though octave pulse data is a complete digital solution, certain critical performance problems may occur while transported in selected digital air interface and PCM channel space. At point of input the peak amplitude level of one or a plurality of octave pulse signature waveforms transmitted through a selected traffic or PCM channel, may exceed the amplitude levels that a selected digital speech channel or PCM channel is designed to resolve. Reflecting on the concept of the vibrating musical string there are some interesting correlation's in terms of the comparison of harmonic phenomena of musical string and particular spectral harmonic-dynamics specific to selected digital air interface and PCM channel space. Referring to FIG. 18, once this string is set in vibration, the string is manually manipulated during a hypothetical musical session, into three different harmonic iterations 281, 282 and 284. The relative wave-position of the three harmonic loops 280a, 280b and 280c, relates to harmonic emphasis 265a, 265b, and 265c a deemphasis paradox 266a, 266b and 266c. This paradox closely relates to how a “standing or travelling wave, is animated by the paradoxical force of electrical force and magnetic force at the particle level.

This motion is created in such a way as to emphasize one or another of the harmonics in a measured phenomenological context, in much the same way as low power digital impulse radio transmits huge amounts of data across a wide spectrum, yet produces a low power signal. This data is read as a pattern of data essentially convoluted in background cosmic noise. Octave pulse data pulses must compete with the dynamics of amplitude, phase and frequency, with respect to relatively high power signals in air interface radio propagation environments, and PCM channel space. In a metaphorical sense, an octave pulse travelling in a digital traffic channel speech subframe, and PCM frame is like a passenger in a fast moving automobile down a city street with a leaky exhaust and holes in the floorboard. In this colorful example the passenger is certainly moving forward, but a stationary observer standing on a street cannot see who is in the car because it is filled with exhaust smoke.

Octave pulses that are transported within PCM signal constructs must contend with noisy switch exchanges and E1/T1 repeaters while travelling through selected PLMN and PSTN networks. The invention creates a “harmonic paradox, as discussed in FIG. 18. Referring to FIG. 19. Entire octave pulse message/bitstreams must have a “global, frequency response that generates octave pulse complex waveform constructs as a group that combat host channel noise by maintaining frequency response levels that reside right below peak amplitude levels, yet well above detected channel noise levels. Octave pulses must be detected through this window of clear recognition. Conversely, each octave pulse is essentially calibrated to achieve the highest resolving signature when it initially generated with complex harmonic coding, channel coded, and synchronized at point of input. Therefore is much more likely that an octave pulse bitstream will be read accurately at a selected termination point, such as the inventions virtual host system (VHS) 256 or the VTT terminal. All elements of an octave pulse message are intended to operate in electromagnetic spectral harmony from generation to termination.

In order to achieve performance harmony at the point of pulse output, the recovered octave pulse waveform 269 will have near “flattops 270, suggesting a close proximity of host channel peak level values as shown in FIG. 19. Flattop waveforms represent a peak signal level, and further relate to the production of overload noise as a result. When peak values are generated with no amplitude ceiling the absolute bandwidth of flattop waveforms reaches theoretical infinity. If these waveforms are filtered improperly as they pass through channel space, they will distort and spread in time and the waveform for each octave pulse as “subframe bit-symbol, may be smeared into adjacent time slot-frames and cause intersymbol interference (ISI). Harry Nyquist whom formulated the foundational Sampling Theorem as previously mentioned, first studied the problem of intersymbol interference (ISI) in 1928 when fundamental ideas about complex digital communications were being formulated in the U.S. and Europe.

Is it possible to invent a system with no bit error at the output even when we have noise introduced into channel space at input? Claude Shannon answered this question in the fertile period between 1948-1949. The answer was yes, in conjunction with well thought out assumptions and operating conditions in selected telecommunications systems. Shannon gave us a theoretical performance bound that enables us to strive for attaining this ideal with respect to practical communication systems. Systems that approach the bound of channel perfection tend to incorporate well thought out error correction coding. The idea is put forth that, if channel noise still causes errors at the input to the receiver decoder, enough logical redundancy must be added in the substrates of transmitted digital signal so that the decoder can detect and correct errors with its processing circuits on the output side. In analog systems the optimum system might be defined as the one that achieves the largest S/N ratio at the receiver output subject to design constraints such as channel bandwidth, transmitted power and host network element performance conditions. In terms of analog performance constructs, the evaluation of the output S/N ratio is of prime importance.

The next question, is it possible to design a system with infinite S/N ratio at the output when the channel introduces noise? The answer to this question is of course no. However, the invention takes significant steps if not quantum leaps towards achieving the ideal: octave pulse data: “a digital data communication system model based on an elegant simplicity, grounded in fundamental physics. This core simplicity may impact the “wireless-internet-telecommunications-networking world, with a profound increase in application diversity and flexibility. OPD extends and virtually transforms the operational life of current conventional wireless digital speech channels, public land mobile network (PLMN) infrastructure, and landline digital PCM speech channel networks that are the back bone of all public switched telephone networks (PSTN) known in the world today. OPD enables the elimination of costly and cumbersome data modems used in connection based wireless terminal devices. These modems depend upon complex data modulation techniques used in protocol structures that enable such systems as circuit switch data and the like to operate in most digital traffic channel frame iterations, with the noted exception of digital air interface speech channels. OPD dramatically decreasing data call event set up and tear down protocol cycles. OPD provides fast connect and disconnect protocols, coupled with significantly increased data throughput rates as disclosed.

Octave pulse data and its virtual transaction data network (VTDN) topology is designed to minimize the imperfections of public digital air interface cellular channels, and PCM/PSTN network elements. During an octave pulse data communications event, the data spends more time in decompression and compression circuits, PCM circuits, switching matrixes, line repeaters, then digital air interface channels. Certainly, an octave pulse-stream that originates from a VTT terminal through a “dirty, narrowband GSM speech channel and is corrupted at the point and within the medium of generation, will certainly not perform in optimum ranges through PCM circuits.

Lets examine how octave pulse data takes significant strides with respect to achieving Shannon's ideal. Referring to FIG. 11. Depicted here is a conventional PCM circuit used in PSTN channel space 277. This PCM circuit conforms to either a PCM 24 or PCM 30 format, that reflects either a T1 or E1 based PSTN network topological standard. In one scenario the analog waveform is distorted since the flat topping 270 pattern as shown in FIG. 19 produces unwanted harmonic components. For example, this type of distortion can be heard on a PCM telephone system when there are high amplitude levels produced by common dial tones, busy signals, DTMF tones, central office tone generation, and off-hook alert signals. The second type of noise, called “random noise, is produced by random quantization errors that appear in a PCM system under normal operating conditions when the input level is properly set. The process of converting a sampled acoustic sound into a digital value is termed the previously described process of quantization. The number of distinct sound levels that may be represented is determined by the number of data bytes used to store the quantization value. Quantization errors occur between the sampled discrete values and a measure of the actual continuous sound. In terms of audio theory, and “analog anything theory, this is referred to as the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) as previously disclosed.

Simply, the S/N ratio is a ratio that is mathematically compared and measured between the difference of the highest and lowest frequencies. As a result an average of superimposed white or static noise is derived. The higher the S/N ratio the better the sampled sound. If the analog sampling process is eliminated at the channel input, and nothing but digitally derived octave signatures are generated-inserted during subframe generation, that occurs simultaneously with channel coding procedures. Because digital octave pulses are devoid of the inherent issues attributed to direct analog to digital sampling, most of the initial derived noise is eliminated. Typically it is the condition of the original analog signal that sets the precedent for the quality of the post-sampled digital signal. Therefore, the octave pulse generator (OPG) must produce the original signature source for octave pulse complex waves with the highest resolution possible. With reference to FIG. 11, this PCM circuit 277 is comprised of a PCM analog to digital conversion process 382a that embodies a conventional analog signal 352a conversion starting the a low-pass filter 353a. Next the signal 354 is sent to the conversion sampler 355, next 356 a quantizer 357 and to 358a a channel encoder 359a. The PCM circuit extends the signal physically and algorithmically into PSTN transmission path channel space 112. Within the network element constructs are regenerative repeaters 361a, 361b and 361c. At every interval these regenerators amplify and balance multiple T1/E1 circuits 381a, 381b, 381c and 381d. Once an OPD message stream for example is regenerated 378 and the PCM circuit 360 is decoded by the decoder 359b via the PCM receiver digital to analog DAC 382b process for digital signal out. For conventional out signals such as delivery to telephony conversations to customer premise equipment (CPE) via the low pass reconstruction filter 353b. FIG. 11 also shows that an octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a, 90b and Octave Pulse Storage (OPS) 371a, 371b may be adapted directly to PCM circuit inbound conversion process and PCM circuit outbound process respectively. These PCM based, octave pulse processes and procedures function in accord with the detailed description embodied with respect to the body of this disclosure.

Random noise generates a “white, hissing sound and thus produces its own unwanted harmonic. Octave pulse signatures are harmonically formatted to cancel the negative effects of noise, while maintaining a high level of signature discrimination “above, the noise. Conversely, if the originating amplitude level at point of input is not sufficiently large, the signal to noise ratio S/N will deteriorate as well and octave pulse resolving levels will “sink, into noise. When this happens, sufficient pulse discrimination will be more difficult on the terminating end. If the input level is reduced further to a relatively small value, with respect to the optimum octave pulse-transmission value, all potential errors will be emphasized. This particular noise effect is called granular noise. Granular noise can be randomized in order to diminish noise levels. Additionally this process involves increasing the number of quantization levels, and consequently increasing the PCM channelization bit rate and overall data throughput rate.

The fourth type of quantizing noise that may occur at the output of a PCM system is “hunting noise. This type of noise is generated when the input analog waveform is nearly constant; including where there is no signal. For the no signal case, the hunting noise is also called “idle channel noise. Much of the above noise effects are reduced dramatically, and in some cases completely because of the novel features of octave pulse data generation, conversion and transmission protocols. The physical characteristics of musical instruments effect the “shape of complex harmonics they produce. All sound producing apparatus and electrical and magnetic phenomena produce harmonics that are also shapeable. Performance characteristics of digital air interface speech channels and PSTN based PCM channels, significantly effect digital waveform harmonics, down to the atomic particle level. Musical instruments generate vibrations that produce relative intensities of the harmonics, and thus the waveform or spectrum of the sounds produced. The spectrum does not, however, remain the same for pitches throughout the range of a given instrument. Instead, it appears that at least some instruments have one or more regions of frequencies in which harmonics are emphasized no matter what the frequency of the fundamental. Such regions, called “formants, may be an important element in the production of what is perceived as timbre.

The pitches produced by the frequencies in the harmonics series form intervals with the fundamental that are said to be “natural, or harmonically pure, except for the octaves thus produced, whose frequencies are related to the fundamental or “primary articulated waveform, by powers of 2. What is important in terms of octave pulse signature generation is that the waveform must represent a “steady harmonic. In a musical context an ideal “steady tone, might be produced on some perfect string free of the effects of stiffness and friction or on a continuously played wind instrument. In practice, however, musical sounds have beginnings and endings of distinctive characters, in much the same way a waveform generating data bits “stops and starts, in a selected digital channel space. Since the physical characteristics of instruments and the medium in which they operate make it impossible for the vibrations that characterize the steady tone to begin or end instantaneously. A digitally generated octave pulse signature that is derived from digital samples of selected harmonic waves is entirely predictable. Octave pulses are originally generated from pure digital sampled sources, and are structured for specialized uses, do not suffer from the absence of generated tone control predictability. Each octave pulse is originally produced from high resolution 48 kHz sampling sources, and then compressed in accord with the 8 kHz sampling rate specific to digital cellular speech codec parameters, OP-CODEC parameters and telephony based PCM speech sampling coders.

Plucked or struck instruments, such as the piano, in fact produce no steady harmonic waveform at all. From the moment they are first produced, the sounds made by these instruments begin to dissipate or decrease in amplitude. This decrease in amplitude is called the “decay, of a sound and can be represented by a “decaying acoustic waveform, 316 as illustrated in FIG. 16, where the amplitude of the wave 245a decreases with each cycle 246. The rate and character of decay is then illustrated by the curve 247 connecting the peaks of successive cycles from the beginning of the wave 245a to the end of wave duration 245b. Referring to FIG. 17. Depicted here is an acoustic waveform 317 that is an “envelope of sound 253. This envelop 253 has full temporal duration 252. Yet for octave pulse purposes only a 5 ms portion, 250 at maximum, is used for octave sampling during the initial generation process and procedure. During a 5 ms-octave pulse transmission event, a consistent duration of complex harmonics must be maintained in order to realize a high level of pulse signature resolution and recognition differentiation. A curve can be drawn to illustrate the build up or attack 249 of a sound from the point at which the system is first put in motion to the point at which the steady harmonic is reached. Applied together, the attack and decay 251 characteristics of a given harmonic are called its “envelope 267 as shown in FIG. 19. The envelop shape 268 reflects a calculated approach to pulse generation. The shape is greatly determined by the pattern of attack 398 and decay 399 of a specific octave pulse signature-waveform 259. The speed of attack and decay has to be carefully considered with respect to pulse signal “on 400 and 401 off, time domain increments, for this action determines how preceding and following octave pulses are read and resolved at each end of the OPD-VTDN. An entire octave pulse message stream must be balanced in order to achieve the best resolution. In order to produce a recognizable message comprised of octave pulses, sharply defined intervals that occur between successive octave pulse bitstreams must be generated. Otherwise the harmonics produced by each octave pulse will sink into any channel noise that may exist. Reference to FIG. 17. Therefore “crisp, octave pulse constructs depend on a minimum of attack 249 and decay 251 dynamics, along with intervals that do not “blur, each octave pulse signature as they travel within the constructs of a selected octave pulse bitstream.

Referring to FIG. 21. Depicted here is a schematic example of a “standing wave, 201a and a “travelling wave, 201b comprised of singular atomic photonic structures. These fundamental structures comprise all matter and energy, including “plucked and generated acoustic waves, and generated octave pulse complex waveforms. The “stuff of waveforms, is the source for electromagnetic phenomenon, the charged photon. A photon is a fundamental particle of “rest mass 0, that is regarded as the quantum of radiant energy. The “standing wave 201a, and the “travelling wave 201b, are essentially two “fundamental states, of the photon. The photon comprises the structures of all coherent energy that produces modulation methods: analog, pulse and digital are derived from these fundamental key elements. Interestingly, each photon has “spin. Photon spin is known as polarization. All radio waves travel through time and space in some form of polarized pattern, as do acoustic harmonic waves in three-dimensional constructs: i.e. X, Y, and Z with respect to applied vortice physics (APV). If one understands the dynamic characteristics of the “standing wave, and the “travelling wave, then the task of grasping ideas such as amplitude, digital waveform generation, and harmonic resonance is much easier. In a fundamental sense, octave pulse signatures are comprised of specially arranged constructs of conventionally generated digital speech frame waveforms, over laid with revolutionary subframe harmonic signatures.

Referring to FIG. 21 Maxwell's well known equations describe electric fields 202 and magnetic fields 203. A changing electrical field “E, is comprised of 202a, 202b and 202c representative of energy existing in different states in time perceived as a whole. This electrical phenomenon produces a magnetic field comprised of “B, 203a and 203b existing in different states in time, also perceived as whole. This is the symmetrical counterpart of Faraday's Law i.e. a changing magnetic field produces an electric field. Thusly electrical fields and magnetic fields are mutually dependent and inseparable, each owing its existence to the time rate of change of the other. Thus a photon exists as result of the perpetual cyclical interplay of “electro+magnetic, fields operating at different states in time. Each electrical field “E, 202a, 202b and 202c, and magnetic field “B, 203a and 203b produces an amplitude, at any instant is proportional to the time rate of change of the other. In this example amplitude level is indicated by the behavior at “peak “B 203a, “B 203b, and “E, 202b, of each wave.

The standing wave 201a at “Z, axis 206a existing at perceived time increment T1 point 211a indicates that the electric 202a is stationary at top dead center (TDC). In this example the term stationary means there is zero rate of change. At T1 point 211a the magnetic field “B, 203a produces no amplitude. Conversely, at time increment “T2, 212a, the electric “E, 202a passes at its maximum rate of change, from the negative or “static state quadrant, to the positive quadrant of the wave, that is from T1 211a to T2 212a accordingly. This atomic progression produces a maximum amplitude in the magnetic field “B, 203a, point T2 212a. In yet another paradox, at time increment T3 213a, it is magnetic “B, 203b at a maximum rate of change, producing a maximum amplitude for electric “E, 202b. At time increment “T4, 214 the magnetic “B, 203b reaches top dead center, thus producing zero rate of change, and electric “E, 202c is zero amplitude. This travelling wave 201b schematic depicts a single cycle of a travelling wave of electromagnetic energy. An energy field is made up of a large number of photons. An energy field arises because two polarizing elements attract and simultaneously oppose each other at the same moment in time, thusly producing a construct that comprises a an energy field or a single photon. There are two seemingly paradoxical aspects of about the travelling wave 201b that reflect upon how octave pulse complex waveforms behave in digital traffic channel and PCM circuit channel space. For example, electrical fields “E, 202d, and “E, 202e and magnetic fields “B, 203e and “B, 203c are in phase. From the perspective of Maxwell's equations, they should be ninety degrees out of phase in order to be mutually dependent and inseparable as is the case with the “standing wave 201a. Referring back to the “travelling wave, 201b construct, the harmonic effect of charged movement, thus produces a “travelling wave, that from the act of observation changes a Maxwell constant 207a into an Einstein relativistic construct 208a. Thusly, applying relativity leads to understanding a vector model that reflects a “cyclical harmonic structure. In 201c we can deduce the photon's structure from within its own relativistic frame of reference. Interestingly, energy cannot disappear without being replaced with matter. Thusly, irradiated and modulated energy cannot disappear without being replaced by cosmic noise or other forms of channel noise heretofore disclosed that arises in selected channel space under different conditions.

The photon's deduced harmonic structure explains the apparent attraction and repulsion paradoxes that exist within the constructs of the “travelling wave 201b. First of all the time coincidence, at time increment “t1, 211b results from the coupling of conjugate electrical “E, 202d and magnetic “B, 203e, and magnetic “B, 203c and electrical “E, 202e as resonance's in the photon's structure. This “viewed effect, thus produces a fundamental paradox in how we view the nature of energy and matter. Thus the postulate of fundamental paradox in all of nature including human consciousness, is also the basic model construct of all waveforms, and points directly as to how energy and matter interrelate in a selected radio, optical and metallic channel space. Supporting Einstein's relativistic view, lateral events are not affected by relativity, so we see from the actual, electrical “E, 202d and magnetic “B, 203c a fundamental paradox in terms of time coincidence at “t1, 211b in terms of the constructs of 201b. The second paradox, electrical “E, 202d, 202e, and magnetic “B, 203e, 203c both simultaneously disappearing from our stationary frame of reference, at time increment “t2, 212b is the result of some key equations. One equation is called the “Lorenz Fitzgerald contraction. This contraction occurs when photons travel at an extreme relativistic velocity, such as light speed. In much the same way the “Doppler effect, causes us to perceive sounds emanating from objects moving towards us or away from us at various speeds. At time increment “t3, 213c the lateral electrical “E, 202e from one, and magnetic “B, 203c from the other conjugate resonance's. At time increment “t3, 213c the wave emerges once again into our stationary frame of reference. The photon's deduced structure explains the apparent paradoxes in terms of the “travelling wave, 201b constructs. Thus the “photon energy model 201c, suggested here takes on the characteristics of a dynamic vector producing measurable torque, also known as a “magnetic moment. This vector model therefore is an “effect, of the cyclical conjugations of the travelling wave. A particular resonance quality is detectable at a singular atomic level as expressed here. A magnetic moment occurs cyclically within complex waveform constructs that generate the invention's octave pulse. Both the “travelling wave, and its larger cousin the octave pulse create a communicative act based on a “periodic symbolic constant. The period symbolic constant, is a paradoxical construct that expresses the idea that a pulse travelling in time through a selected channel space is accompanied by other pulses thus creating an octave pulse stream. Thus the argument that the codified, formatted and shaped construct of a specialized octave pulse signature waveform is completely novel with respect to its application is based on manipulation of photonic structures. In fact an octave pulse signatures form and function is as a result of unique manipulation of fundamental physical laws, right down to the atomic level.

An octave pulse does not exist alone, an octave pulse only has resonate value based on octave pulses leading and octave pulses following a specific octave pulse being measured in a selected message stream. When observing waveforms emanating from the screen of an oscilloscope, each pulse disappears and reappears after each interval in between passes in time. The 19th Century Physicist John Henry Poynting (1852-1914) was the first to point out the vector properties of the rate of energy transport that is proportional to the cross product of electric “E, 202e and magnetic “B, 203c accordingly. Stated in another way, the Poynting vector represents the flux of energy density per unit of time through a specified space occupied by a space in a selected time increment. The value of the Poynting vector is its irradiance, i.e. its measured numinous output of a simple harmonic wave. The “photon energy model, 201c thus takes on the characteristics of a “dynamic, cyclic Poynting vector 388.” Understanding dynamic vector constructs is essential to inherent understanding of how octave pulses behave in any electro-magnetically charged channel space medium.

It is important to understand that this “travelling wave, 201b is a three dimensional construct, existing in three dimensional space. Note, that the wave travels within the points “X, 204b, “Y, 205b and “Z, 206b axis. The “standing wave, 201a also is based on an “X, 204a, “Y, 205a, and “Z, 206a and occupies three dimensional space. However it does not produce a dynamic vector. The “travelling wave is a holographic three-dimensional wave possessing a direction of propagation 209a. It is the force of direction through time and space that creates the dynamic photon vector model 388. This oscillating vector is actually stationary twice each cycle as the lateral electrical “E, 202e, magnetism “B 203c vectors both reach top dead center, and are at maximum amplitude. This stationary interval occurs between equally separated lobes of energy. Motion is achieved within a conducting medium in part because of the generated energy produced by the medium itself i.e. the electromagnetic radio medium of modulated and projected air interface channel space, an electromagnetic medium of metallic channel space, and optical circuit channel space. The dependence upon the velocity of a wave, in relation to the frequency of the wave is known as dispersion, within the construct of propagation of charged photons in any selected natural or constructed environment such as electromagnetically charged channel space.

This dependency on a selected frequency, relates to complex waves travelling within the waveform signaling constructs of a selected channel space, i.e. travelling in a direction away from its point of origination to its point of termination, collection and storage. Without such dispersive mediums, photonic motion is achieved by the single photon extending itself from one stationary point, to another “time-space increment, inchworm style. In terms of a metallic, optic, and radio medium, a photon's velocity is guided by the “electromagnetic pull and push, of other waves travelling “in front and behind respectively. In a sense a selected wave is therefore guided by its purpose to perform work within the constructs of a communicative act. This pushing and pulling effect is a fundamental feature that relates to Werner Heisenberg's “strange attracters, in terms of atoms attracting and repelling one another simultaneously. The atomic interplay of the electrical “E, 202e and magnetic “B, 203c, illustrates the same effect. As previously disclosed, both “sides, of the wave cyclically interact, by virtue of the act of simultaneously attracting and repelling one another.

Any from of harmonic wave from the particle level of the “travelling wave, 201b to an octave pulse signatures complex harmonic wave, can be broken down into a combination of simpler waves which are sinusoidal in very much the same way. As demonstrated in FIG. 13, a complex harmonic wave 313 is comprised of three waves 241, 242, and 243, expressed in musical terms of fundamental, first harmonic, and second harmonic irradiating equal amplitude 240. The sines and cosines are used as representative measurements of simple harmonic waves, each vibrating in a different phase. In FIG. 21 a schematic of a “wave, 201d expressed as a “sinusoidal projection 395a from a complex plane 394a and 394b, expressed as an equal area representation 395a of the sine curve 395b. Using the orthogonal vectors as “X, 392, and “Y, 390 projections from a rotating phasor R, 393 in the complex plane. “Y, is the sine and “X, is the cosine function of the projection. The phasor “R, rotates counter clockwise 391. In this model the “X, and the “Y, are equal within the construct of an ideal waveform. The concept of “cosine, is expressed as a measure of the magnitude of an angle shown here as the constant ratio of the side adjacent to the angle and hypotenuse in a right angled triangle. The concept of “sine, is expressed as a measure of the magnitude of an angle further expressed as the constant ratio of the side opposite the angle in a right angled triangle with respect to the hypotenuse shown here. In 201c a vector model 388 is expressed in terms of cosine and sine interrelationships of generated energies 386 that fluctuate between electric 396a energies, and magnetic 396b energies. These electromagnetic forces are the animating principle within all waveforms, thus expressed here as the travelling wave as “intervals, between time increment “t1, 211b, “t2, 212b, and “t3, 213c in a cyclical pattern. All waves from the infinitesimally small level of the photon as travelling wave, to radio waveforms comprised of billions of photons, including the inventions octave pulse waveforms behave similarly under different conditions. In the context of old metaphysics concept which states; “as above, so below, the invention is derived from core Newtonian Physics reflecting his mechanical-deterministic universe, extended and transformed through Max Planck's quantum, and on into Heisenberg's Chaos Theory. Every mathematical formula that constructs a “tolerant quantum, around a piece of managed spectrum, such as Fourier's transform and Gauss's equations reflect the means of enabling many digital radio modulation schemes and topological constructs with respect to octave pulse signatures.

This fluctuating electromagnetic energy example suggests the creation of a rotating vector 391b with magnitude, and torque of direction 391b. Expressed in yet another way, this wave is a quantum force; vectoring 209b with direction of propagation 209a. It is time increment “t2, 212b that is produced as each polarity changes from magnetic to electric, and or from being positively charged and negatively charged between 396a and 396b. These energies 386 fluctuate equally, thus creating a magnetic field expressed electrically “E, 202f, 202h, and magnetically “B, 203g and 203h. Octave pulse constructs are based upon the fundamental dynamics of travelling waves and the vectors they produce. Referring to FIG. 10, the Nyquist Effect schematic 271 is yet another expression of a sinewave fluctuating with reference to the sampling process. The invention manipulates this seminal sampling algorithm at the encoding point of the speech-coding interval. The invention also manipulates the digitized speech sample-subframe-signatures at the decoding point of the speech-decoding interval. This unique process creates a new algorithmic procedure that causes a generation and simultaneous insertion and retrieval of digitized sampled information in the form of an octave pulse resonant signature, directly into and from a selected channel frame and subframe.

This generation and simultaneous insertion and retrieval procedure is provided without causing disruption to, or circumvention of, conventional sampling procedures endemic to speech codec algorithms used in digital traffic channel speech frames, subframes and PCM circuit speech frames and subframes. The invention provides a completely novel means and method for providing separate octave pulse based high speed digital data services, and separate digital voice services from the same VTT terminal as a stand alone unit, are when configured as an intelligent sleeve. As disclosed, both voice and data service protocols are designed for integration with, and transported through, selected digital speech channel frames and subframes separately or simultaneously.

In fact, the invention provides another important feature, simultaneous voice and data services, voice and data dispatch, speech to text and text to speech protocols and procedures that can transpire during one combined octave pulse data communications event that occurs within a selected digital cellular or digital satellite public network. The data coming from the speech codecs are channel coded, before they are forwarded to the modulator in the transmitter. The channel coder, adds some redundancy back into the data bitstream, but does so in a very careful and orderly way so that receiver on the other end of a noisy transmission path can correct bit errors caused by the channel. The receiver needs the extra bits the channel coder ads in order to perform this important management function. Speech channel coding almost doubles the data rate to 22.kbps. OPD provides algorithmic modalities that enable expanded narrow band and wideband, air interface channel throughput rates, while utilizing OPD protocol, data word transfer, and octave pulse engine (OPE) coding constructs. Octave pulses are generated at the CODEC output level, and inserted within the constructs of channel coding previous to modulation in the transmitter. Referring to FIG. 5, depicted here is a block schematic of the virtual transaction terminal (VTT) with its integrated octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a as data encoder with the transmitter 87b. This VTT transmitter configuration is comprised of a conventional CODEC and other voice processing and channel management modules VAD, 143, and the SID frame insertion module 147 that perform standard operating procedures for conventional digital speech transmission. Therefore, this component architecture provides a synthesis of conventional voice, simultaneous voice and octave pulse data, and octave pulse data algorithmic procedures. In one operation, the invention suspends standard CODEC processes when an OPD data communications event is created. Also included with the conventional bus-logic modules is an interface for a personal digital assistant (PDA) 65, another application specific device 99 that comprise telemetry-specific message management constructs or web-clipping, e-mail management constructs and the like. When a application specific device 99 such as a power meter, its “state of condition” changes 136, that causes the initialization of an OPD data call 137. If a user enters instructions with a PDA 65 stylus 404 as shown in FIG. 23 and “taps the send icon 465b, he is directly causing a device state change 136, and initializes an OPD call 137 with the extension his nervous system via data instruction sets 62a, that can take the form of MIDI instruction files 214a as shown in FIG. 4. Once the instruction sets are sent from the presentation layer of the device, these human machine instruction sets' 138a are sent a compiled within the random access memory storage 139 of the OP-CDODEC as shown in FIG. 5.

There is much in terms of understanding how conventional source coding, and speech processing occurs in the transmitter side of the radio terminal, coupled with how the invention's protocols, processes and procedures provide this revolutionary integration of octave pulse signatures without causing disruption to host network processes and procedures. Today, simple and direct conversion of analog-to-digital converters (ADC), and digital-to-analog converters (DAC) are available at low cost, and their implementation, within normal technical ranges and applications, is a skill that no longer intimidates most designers and engineers. Also the task of modifying ADC and DAC processes for the generation and simultaneous insertion of octave pulse signature constructs into speech frames and subframes is not overly complicated. Conversely retrieving octave pulses from speech frames and subframes is enabled with a rather a straightforward and elegant protocol as well. The invention combines octave pulse generation and insertion, with speech pulse sampling and insertion with respect to utilizing an elegant interleaving methodology in order to provide an efficient simultaneous voice and data (SVD) geometric pattern. In that each octave pulse 5 ms subframe is joined in series with a conventional speech 5 ms subframe. Therefore an SVD 20 ms frame is comprised of two octave pulse subframes, and two speech subframes. Octave SVD does slow the octave pulse data rate, and speech quality also diminishes somewhat. However, the benefits derived from providing true SVD in one transmission path data event for out weigh the detriments. Octave pulse SVD is especially useful when considering various mobile telemetry applications such as providing 911 services, and other services that involve simultaneous voice and data over the Internet world wide web for example. Of paramount importance here, is to understand the functions of specialized coding, and protocols involved in octave pulse signature generation, insertion, and extraction procedures.

Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 5, and FIG. 6. At the transmitter level 87a and receiver level 87b, octave pulse insertion and extraction procedures occur within the algorithmic protocols that are endemic to conventional codecs, without disrupting the intended processes and procedures therein. In a “conventional codec context, source coding is a process that is used to reduce redundancy in the speech signal which results in signal compression. This specific type of reduction causes a significantly lower bit rate generation, while still reproducing an acceptable digitized “copy, of the original speech signal. The “speech coder 123a, 123b. “decoder 122a, 122b is the central part of the speech processing function, both the transmitter and receiver module the VTT terminal. The invention modifies the speech coder 123a, 123b and decoder 122a, 122b in order to provide a “dual mode voice and data subsystem protocol. In some digital cellular radio environments the standard CODEC is replaced with an octave pulse data hybrid application specific OP-CODEC. This dual mode OP-CODEC protocol provides conventional speech processing, and octave pulse coding for insertion into, an extraction from, selected digital speech frames and subframes that are generated by digital cellular, and satellite air interface channels, and PCM E1/T1 circuits respectively. Conventional PCM systems reproduce the original quantized analog sample value, by generating binary code words. In terms of octave pulse signature constructs, these binary code words are octave pulse signatures. Octave pulse signatures are inserted “ahead of the analog, but before the digital conversion at the codec. The OP-CODEC operates like a conventional codec so when necessary, its algorithms may produce conventional speech frames and subframes. By simply bypassing the analog sampling part of the algorithm, and generating-inserting octave pulse signatures at the exact point of digitally sample insertion, an incredibly high-resolution octave pulse value can be realized that makes the most out of conventional resolution values of individual speech frames and subframes. This transparent procedure simply adds a high-speed data capability, while eliminating any need for conventional data modems to be integrated with a VTT terminal constructs.

There are numerous codec subsystems, and associated processes known in the art today, each designed with its own creative algorithmic procedures and resultant data bit rates. Each one of these disclosed codec subsystems may be utilized in parallel with the inventions OP-CODEC that is really a set of algorithms that incorporate octave pulse engine (OPE) and octave pulse storage system (OPS) algorithms, that are coupled with standard codec constructs in order to maintain integrity with host network channel coding and modulation standards. The OP-CODEC truly is a virtual overlay with respect to integrating seamlessly with standard codec algorithmic constructs. Therefore the invention provides virtual OP-CODEC means and methods for modifying codec algorithms that involve encoding and decoding air interface speech channels and PCM channels, so that conventional speech processes are not adversely effected, nor are conventional channel coding and modulation schemes adversely affected. The OP-CODEC operates transparently with respect to octave pulse signature generation and simultaneous insertion into 5 ms subframes. In all actuality when 5 ms subframes are generated, simultaneously octave pulses are generated. In fact the octave pulse signature becomes the subframe in tandem with subframe/sub block channel coding for error correction purposes and the like, before being sent to the transmitter modulator. Conventional codec subsystems include Subband-Codec-Adaptive Delta PCM (SBC-ADPCM) that produces a 15 kbit/s rate. Subband-Codec-adaptive PCM (SBC-APCM) with a 16 kbit/rate. Multi-Pulse Excited LPC-Codec-Long Term prediction (MPE-LTP) with a 16 kbit/s data production rate. Regular-Pulse Excited LPC-Codec (RPE-LPC) with a 13 kbit/s rate. Regular-Pulse Excited LPC-Codec-Long Term Prediction (RPE-LTP) with a 13 kbit/s rate. Adaptive Delta Modulation-Pulse Code Modulation (ADM-PCM) with a 32 kbit/s rate. The functions of most of speech coders and decoders are usually combined in one “algorithmic building block, called the COder/DECoder. As disclosed a central aim of the invention is to virtually modify key “algorithmic building blocks, in order to include an “alternative octave pulse insertion/generation step, with respect to the coding and decoding process. This critical moment occurs when conventional digitized voice subframes are generated and inserted in the voice frame, following the sampling process that involves A/D conversion. In fact the invention provides a means and method of eliminating the speech encoder and decoder all together in order to provide octave pulse data only services. The invention may replace these components or adds the OP-CODEC with specialized octave pulse engines (OSE) 90a and Octave Pulse Storage (OPS) 371a subsystem modules with respect to certain application specific implementations as shown in FIG. 4. This configuration is perfect for data only telemetry, personal digital assistant (PDA) web-clipping applications and the like where voice service is not required. However with many application configurations, it is desirous to maintain optional voice services. In FIG. 6, the ODP signature-character regeneration module 157 also performs a dual mode function. If conventional speech processing is involved, this module 157 simply routes speech information to components that regenerate and amplify voice signals for conventional speech ralted codec processing.

Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 5 and FIG. 6. As previously disclosed, speech coding of the analog speech signal at the transmitter is sampled at a rate of 8000 samples with 13 bit resolution rate 141 a second in accord with the Sampling Theorem and the “Nyquist Effect. The samples are quantized 328 with a resolution of 13 bits 329 as shown in FIG. 10. Referring to FIG. 4. FIG. 5, and FIG. 6. This 13 kbps rate corresponds to an over all bit rate of 104 kbps for the digital traffic channel speech-frame signal. At the input to the speech codec, a speech frame 146 containing 160 samples, that encompasses four subframes containing 40 samples each, of 13 bits, arrives every 20 ms. The conventional speech codec compresses this speech signal into a source-coded speech signal of 260 bit blocks at a bit-rate of 13 kbps. Thus this GSM speech coder with a virtual OP-CODEC modification 123a, 123b achieves a standard compression ration of 8 to 1. A further component of conventional speech processing at the transmitter is the recognition of speech pauses by a module that performs voice activity detection (VAD) 143 and this sends its compensation bits 145. All digital cellular standards manage conventional speech information in essentially the same means and methodology, whether its GSM, IS-95-CDMA, IS-136-TDMA-EDGE, CDMA 2000, IMT-2000, G3-W-CDMA, or UMTS. For example the voice activity detector (VAD) algorithmically determines, based on a set of parameters delivered by the speech coder, whether the current 20 ms speech frame contains speech or speech pauses. In FIG. 5, This decision is used to turn off the transmitter amplifier during speech pauses, under control of the discontinuous transmission mode (DTX) module 148.

The discontinuous transmission mode (DTX) 148 takes advantage of the fact that during a conventional voice conversation, both participants rarely speak at the same time, and thus each directional transmission path has to transport speech data only half the time. In DTX mode, the transmitter is only activated when the current frame carries speech information. This decision is based on the VAD signal of speech pause recognition. In one respect, the DTX mode can reduce the power consumption and hence prolong the battery life, in still another aspect, the reduction of transmitted energy also reduces the level of interference and thus improves the spectral efficiency of the GSM system for example. The missing speech frames are replaced at the receiver by a synthetic background-noise signal generator called the comfort noise synthesizer (CNS) 144. The algorithmic parameters for the comfort noise synthesizer are transmitted in a special silence descriptor frame (SID) 147. The SID is generated at the transmitter from continuous measurements of the conventional acoustic background noise level. It represents a speech frame that is transmitted at the end of a 20 ms speech frame burst. i.e. at the beginning of a speech pause. In this respect, the receiver recognizes the end of a speech burst and can activate the comfort noise synthesizer with the parameters received in the SID frame.

The generation of this artificial background noise prevents the problem that may occur while in active DTX mode when the audible background noise transmitted with normal speech bursts suddenly drops to a minimal level at a speech pause. This process is similar when a user chooses automatic gain control (AGC) when recording music or speech with respect to a conventional tape recorder and its processes. This modulation of the background noise would have a very disturbing effect on the human listener and may significantly deteriorate the subjective speech quality. Insertion of comfort noise is an effective countermeasure to compensate for this noise contrast effect. However during an octave pulse data event, comfort noise synthesizer algorithms are suspended.

Referring to FIG. 5, FIG. 6., and FIG. 23. As previously disclosed, voice activity detection (VAD) module 143, or VAD algorithms 145, and discontinuous transmission (DTX) 148 in terms of the conventional means are not used during an octave pulse data event. First of all octave pulse data (OPD) transmission events have an average event duration of seven to 15 seconds from origination to termination with exception to extended session based wireless internet access. Statistically most voice calls average about three minutes worldwide. When an octave pulse message stream of data is transmitted from a VTT terminal 120a as intelligent sleeve that enables novel PDA applications, to the virtual host system (VHS), typically about two to six kilobytes of data payload will be transferred before either the VTT 120 or VHS terminates the instant OPD event.

During the air interface-digital traffic channel portion of an OPD payload transfer, the aggregate average of measured amplitude levels with respect to each single pulse, combined with multiple pulses that comprise a octave pulse message stream, remains at a consistent level. Therefore no (DTX) managed 148, 149 speech pauses need to be compensated for. Additionally, the VTT terminal that is operating a data only OPD event does not sample analog voice information. The octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a as part of the virtual OP-CODEC as shown FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 does not process any speech information in data only mode. Octave pulse signatures are directly retrieved from the octave pulse signature (OPS) storage database 371a and are directly generated/inserted into the speech frame and subframe accordingly. The comfort noise synthesizer (CNS) 144, 155, and silence descriptor (SID) frame 147, 152 is also muted for any OPD data only event transmission both during transmission and reception. With an OPD transmission there is no need initiate speech pause algorithms during an OPD data only event. Also there is no need to generate artificial background noise initiated by the comfort noise synthesizer (CNS) 144, 155, simply because ambient background noise modulation management and SID frame insertion is not necessary for OPD short burst data only transmissions. However these conventional components and algorithms are need during a PDA initiated digital voice call, and during an octave pulse simultaneous voice and data (SVD) event.

The invention does use DTX algorithms in a unique way. For example when a VTT terminal has completed an OPD message transfer to the virtual host system (VHS), and expects a response message to be transmitted from the VHS over the forward digital traffic channel, it turns off the transmitter and awaits the incoming octave pulse message stream. Conversely the currently serving base transceiver station (BTS) turns off its forward digital traffic channel when it no longer detects voice-octave pulse data as it is transmitted to a selected VTT terminal. Another conventional type of speech frame loss can occur, when bit errors caused by a noisy transmission channel cannot be corrected by the channel coding protection mechanism, and the block is received at the codec as a speech frame in error, which must be discarded. Bad speech frames are flagged by the channel decoder with the bad frame indication (BFI) algorithms 150, as shown in FIG. 6. In this case, the respective speech frame is discarded and the lost frame is replaced by a speech frame which is predictively calculated from the preceding frame.

This technique is called “error concealment. Simple insertion of comfort noise is not allowed. If 16 consecutive 20 ms speech frames are lost, the receiver is muted to acoustically signal the temporary failure of the channel. 16 speech frames equates to 16 OPD data words. Each OPD data words contain four octave pulse signatures, or two-three octave pulse signatures, and two regular speech subframes, arranged in an interleaved pattern in order to provide simultaneous OPD voice and data (SVD) services. An OPD data “pulse” stream cannot withstand any sustained speech frame losses. As previously stipulated, OPD data messages are relatively short bursts of digital data information. Therefore the possibility of receiving or transmitting bad frames is minimized. However because of the nature of radio signals, frame or octave pulse signature word faults will occur. When there is an virtual OP-CODEC (OPE) 90a engine reception of “unreadable octave pulse signature 20 ms burst-word-frames from a selected forward digital traffic channel, (FDTC) the OP-CODEC octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a responds with a simple automatic repeat request (ARQ) algorithmic procedure.

This procedure causes the VTT terminal to transmit an OPD maintenance word capsule 335d as shown in FIG. 22 which may contain a (1) specific OPD data 20 ms four byte word, or (2) 256 byte message capsule, (3) or complete OPD message stream “resend order via a serving transmission path to the virtual host system (VHS), further facilitated by the currently serving GSM-PLMN and PSTN. This OPD event reorder is digitally incorporated within the bit structure comprising the “message body word payload 339d. This action causes the re-transmission of a duplicate OPD data word, word capsule, or message stream that contains the same character arrangement, and content value of the previously failed message stream increment. In some instances this word capsule 335d contains a reorder that causes an entire OPD message stream to be re-transmitted with additional information. A VTT terminal may send this capsule 335d to the serving virtual host system (VHS), or the virtual host system (VHS) may send this capsule 335d to a selected VTT terminal via its currently serving via a selected PLMN. Maintenance word capsule orders encompass a wide range of useful functions, from VTT terminal and attached application specific device programming, PDA software updates and the via currently serving host PLMN transmission-path management.

Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 5 and FIG. 6. As previously disclosed OPD data message transmissions require no data modem on either end of the event spectrum, “maintenance word capsule orders, are executed rapidly. Sometimes a selected OPD data communication event will encompass only a unidirectional, or bi-directional exchange of maintenance word capsule related orders. The process is as simple as performing a “quick connect and disconnect, such as is the case when a wireless voice caller enters a directory number on his keypad, hears standard ring cycling, detects a busy signal and abruptly terminates the call. Aggregate airtime consumption is approximately two seconds with incomplete mobile to land cellular calls. All OPD data message events are based upon quick connect and disconnect algorithms. These novel protocol means and methods are accomplished by a plurality of processes provided by the invention detailed in the course of this disclosure.

Referring to FIG. 7. Speech compression is yet another feature that transpires in the conventional speech coder 188. OPD-CODEC virtual protocols are designed algorithmically to cause the generation and simultaneous insertion of octave pulse signatures into selected speech frames-subframes by the octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a specialized protocols without the need to pre-compress from a raw acoustic audio source. Octave pulse signature “bit content, is formatted to be fully generated and synchronized to “fit, within the user data bit capacity of 5 ms subframes as they are generated right before burst transmission, in accord with conventional speech encoding, channel coding, burst generation and the like. The is accomplished without disruption of collocated channel coding and other error correction related data bits that exist within each 65 bit sub-block, that in fact comprises each subframe, and thus each 5 ms octave pulse signature. For example the standard GSM-900/1800/1900 speech coder uses a procedure known as “regular pulse excitation, “long-term prediction, “linear predictive coder, (RPE-LTP). This particular “coder protocol, belongs to the family of hybrid speech coders. This hybrid procedure transmits part of the speech signal as the amplitude of a signal envelop, a pure wave form encoding, whereas the remaining part is encoded into a set of bit control and bit back-up parameters.

The receiver reconstructs these signal parts through speech synthesis with a vocoder technique known those whom readily practice the art. Examples of envelop encoding are pulse code modulation (PCM) or adaptive delta code modulation (ADPCM), and octave pulse signature encoding at the time of original generation and storage. For example, a pure vocoder procedure is linear predictive coding (LPC). The GSM procedure RPE-LTP as well as code excited linear predictive coding (CELP), represent mixed-hybrid approaches. This filteration and compression process does not adversely effect octave pulse signatures in fact these conventional processes tend to protect octave pulse signature integrity because of the way the invention exploits these conventional parameters. The invention provides an important variant of this RPE-LTP procedure with its OP-CODEC. Whereas the invention does not circumvent RPE-LTP procedures, the octave pulse engine (OPE), as the “heart, of the virtual OP-CODEC generates-inserts octave pulse signature data that is “pre-compressed, in accord with conventional coding procedures.

With reference to FIG. 7 With respect to important details, the octave pulse OP-CODEC encoding 188 portion of the algorithm is comprised of conventional codec procedural constructs such as; short term linear predictor analysis 116, short term analysis filter 168, regular pulse excitation analysis and encoding 171, regular pulse excitation decoding and analysis 174, long term analysis filter 178, and Long-term predictor analysis process 179. In addition to these conventional algorithmic constructs the invention adds the octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a and the octave pulse storage (OPS) 371a that are configured within the operational procedures of an special intelligent-chipset that in fact generates 176 a 1:1 interleaving 167b function with respect to constructing 170 and simultaneously inserting octave pulse signatures 80 conventional codec encoding constructs with respect to channel encoding 125. Also the interleaving generator 167b acts as gating function with respect to selecting octave pulse “only insertion 140a, speech subframe 188b insertion and the like as the octave pulse signature is loaded 438a from the octave pulse storage (OPS) 371a.

This initial loading procedure is instigated by the human machine interface (HMI) constructs 138a as shown in FIG. 5. Actually these HMI constructs can take the form of MIDI instruction protocols 214a with reference to FIG. 4. In FIG. 7 the OPD gating 165b function is synchronized 257 by the host network channel burst cycling process, and with the VTT terminal clock synchronization 142a accordingly. This synchronization is also shown in FIG. 4, with respect to channel encoding 125, ciphering 127, modulation 129 and amplification of the octave pulse formatted speech frame signal. With reference to FIG. 7, the invention provides simultaneous voice and data (SVD) protocols with an elegant SVD interleaving process 187a. The SVD gating module 165a function is also interfaced logically to a fully synchronized 142a clock reference with respect octave pulse interleaving functions 167b and channel encoding 125 synchronization that is based on host network digital traffic channel modulation synchronization, primary reference signaling (PRS) and the like. During an SVD event, the OP-CODEC 466a encoding function extends into speech subframe processing.

When a user initializes and sends appropriate HMI instructions for an octave pulse simultaneous invocation, the resultant action involves sending relavent blanking intervals to the SVD multiplex module 164a. As the user talks into the microphone capsule 163 of the headset 405 as shown in FIG. 23, with reference to FIG. 7, his voice is bandpass filtered and then is further subjected to analog digitization 169a, during the voice preprocess 200a. The voice preprocess involves PAM soft-sampling and is know to those whom practice the art. The speech subframes are generated and simultaneously inserted in an interleaving function. Simultaneously, the invention's octave pulse signatures 80 are generated and inserted 170, as the SVD gating function 167a is activated and synchronized 142a. Referring to FIG. 20. What results are 20 ms “speech-OP bursts, comprised as simultaneous speech and octave pulse signature message streams 397. Each 20 ms SVD word 177a, 177b, 177c, and 177d are comprised of two octave pulse signatures 390b, 390d, 390f and 390h, and human speech frames 390a, 390c, 390e and 390g in an interleaved geometric pattern.

Referring to FIG. 8, a simplified block diagram of the RPE-LTP decoder, with the OP-CODEC 466b decode algorithmic modification is schematically shown here 189. As previously disclosed, speech data digitally regenerated with a sampling rate of 8000 samples per second, and a 13 bit resolution arrive in blocks of 160 samples at the input of the coder, become channel encoded, modulated and transmitted to another virtual network node via the speech frames and subframes of the traffic channel. In terms of the an example, let's put forth a scenario whereby the inventions VTT terminal 120 as shown in FIG. 4 is receiving (1) octave pulse signatures, (2) speech frames, and (3) receiving and processing simultaneous voice and data (SVD) subframe increments with respect to selected scenarios. First of all with respect to the RPE-LTP decoder and its analysis process 190, the speech signal is decomposed into three components when received. (1) A set of parameters for the adjustment of the short-term synthesis filter (STF) 196 also called “reflection coefficients. (2) An excitation signal for the regular pulse excitation (RPE) decoding and analysis process, with irrelevant portions removed and highly compressed. (3) And finally, sets of parameters that enable the control of the (LTS) long-term synthesis filter 198.

The speech decoder essentially deals with the reconstruction of the speech signal from the RPE decoding analysis procedure 190, as well as the long-term analysis filter 198 and short-term synthesis filter 196. In principle, at the receiver site, the functions performed are the inverse of the functions of the encoding process. The irrelevance reduction only minimally affects the subjectively perceived speech quality, since the main objective of the GSM codec as well as other similar codecs, is not just to achieve the highest possible compression ratio, but also to attain solid speech quality. The OP-CODEC with respect to decoding 466b octave pulse signatures also operates as inverse function of the octave pulse decoding and speech subframe decompression process shown here. Referring to FIG. 4, when octave pulse subframes and speech subframes are demodulated 128, deciphered 126, and detected by the channel decoder 124, also shown in FIG. 7., the following novel decoding processes transpire. Referring to FIG. 8, (A) the first decoding process involves an octave pulse signature stream as a data only event emanating from the OP-CODEC 466b based decoder 124. The decoded octave pulse stream 183b is gated 167a by the octave pulse gating algorithmic module 165a.

The decoded gating process is fully synchronized 142a with VTT terminal clock synchronization. This clock synchronization is also interlinked with host network channel burst cycling 258 synchronization. Accordingly, once the decoded pulse stream is gated 182b, the stream is sent to the octave pulse engine (OPE) gating module 165b function. The signal is then gated with respect to octave pulse retrieval 140b, is processed with a simple 1:1 procedure 176 and reinserted 438b into the octave pulse storage (OPS) 371a database. With reference to FIG. 6, from the OPS, the octave pulse stream is further processed 157b for, (1) display on a PDA 65 “stylus tablet screen, after post processing performed by the HMI interface 138b, (2) is converted to AT command set data bits 159 that may cause an application specific device to affect a state change 160, that in fact causes the application specific device to operate in accord with the received embodied instructions 161. With reference to FIG. 8(B) a simultaneous voice and data (SVD) 164b event is disclosed. If the octave pulse message stream is interleaved with speech subframes, the OP-CODEC 466b decoder 124 detects speech and octave pulse subframes, it sends the entire message stream is multiplexed 187b by the SVD decoder interleave process 164b.

The SVD multiplexer 164b sends the speech frames 188a directly to the RPE Decoding and analysis algorithmic module 190 whereby its is processed in accord with conventional functions until it is received at the voice pre-process stage 200b that adds the final steps of DAC conversion, is sent through a low pass filter and replayed on the headset 409 speaker 187 as shown in FIG. 23. With reference to FIG. 8, simultaneously the SVD multiplexer sends octave pulse signatures 180b to the SVD gating module 165a whereby the octave pulse stream is gated 167a and sent 182b to the octave pulse engine (OPE) gating module 165b. The octave pulse signature message stream after gating 140b is reprocessed 176 and sent 438b to the octave pulse storage (OPS) 371a module where it is forwarded to previously disclosed HMI and other application specific procedures.

For the purposes of conveying a complete understanding a bidirectional octave pulse data event, a description of (1) a VTT terminal originated octave pulse data event that is terminated at the inventions virtual host system (VHS) as portal to the Internet will be disclosed. And, (2) a virtual host system (VHS) originated octave pulse data event that is terminated at the virtual transaction terminal (VTT) accordingly. Both points of octave data event origination are transported, and routed through a currently serving digital cellular PLMN. The host network may be a GSM compatible network, an IS-95-CDMA network, a CDMA-2000 network, a W-CDMA-3G compatible network, or an IS-136-TDMA-EDGE compatible PLNM network. Once the VTT originated octave pulse message arrives at the inventions virtual host system (VHS), that is located at the network operation center (NOC) the event is then terminated. Once the virtual host system (VHS) receives the octave pule data message, it converts it accordingly and relays the message to an appropriate application service provider (ASP) that is either a web-content, PDA service support and update center, or a telemetry-telematics monitoring station, with a TCP/IP compatible message via the Internet world wide web.

Secondly The application service provider (ASP) receives the message evaluates it accordingly. Once the message is properly analyzed, the ASP initializes and originates an octave pulse data message request, and sends it to the virtual host system (VHS) that is an Internet portal located at the network operation center (NOC) via the Internet world wide web accordingly. Once the virtual host system (VHS) receives the message from the serving ASP, it reformats the message that was originally sent in TCP/IP based wireless application protocol (WAP), and converts it to an octave pulse data (ODP) compatible message stream. Once converted, the VHS system initializes and originates a call to the designated VTT terminal via a selected PLMN and PSTN. Next, once the PCM circuit is stabilized the octave pulse data (OPD) message is sent via selected transmission path to the currently serving PLMN whereby the VTT terminal receives the message and the octave pulse data event is terminated either by the VHS or the VTT terminal, depending upon the type of OPD event.

OPD will operate easily within CDMA network standards and topologies just as well as with GSM networks. For example, IS-95 CDMA payload speech data is generated from a variable-rate speech encoder with four possible output data rates: 9,600, 4,800, 2,400 and 1,200 bps. The rate depends on the speech activity. Typical speech activity for this CDMA speech encoder tends to operate at its lowest rate about half of the time. The CDMA base station and the CDMA compatible VTT terminal OP-CODEC encoder is sensitive to the amount of speech activity present at the input. At output the rates change in proportion to how active the speech input may be at any time. The rate is subject to change every 20 ms, or every 20 ms octave pulse word. The speech encoder's output is convolutionally coded at a half rate, thus doubling the data to 19.2 kbps when the input is 9,600 bps. OPD data rates and activity rates do not alter until an OPD data event has completed. An OPD data event will always cause a 9,600 bps data rate to be sustained from origination to termination. Also the OPD will increase the effective octave pulse data output rate to 16 kbps utilizing single signature octave pulses, without showing any visible increase beyond the specific 9,600 bps data rate, or causing any undo performance problems with respect to air interface modulation amplitude levels and the like.

Therefore, for the purpose of disclosing and fully describing the octave pulse data (OPD) virtual data communication system in great detail, a GSM 900/1800PCN public land mobile network (PLMN) is therefore the selected wireless and networking communications medium, that virtually supports octave pulse data protocols, processes and procedures. Referring to FIG. 1, depicted here is a block schematic of the virtual transaction terminal's (VTT) functional protocol features, service sets and layered iterations 50. In the following scenario the user chooses a specific OPD message type that is to be sent to a selected application service provider (ASP) 108 as depicted in FIG. 2. Referring to FIG. 1, the user may manually select a VTT terminal that is designed and configured as an intelligent sleeve 66, also shown in FIG. 23 that supports ergonomic and algorithmic interface to any personal digital assistant (PDA) 428 as shown in FIG. 1. The may select a manual function. Or, an unmanned VTT terminal may automatically select a message type that originates from an application specific device 99, that is configured as a vertical market telemetry application specific device 99d, or is configured as a horizontal market application specific device 99c such as a Palm VII PDA 65.

In some instances a single VTT terminal can be provided with application system monitoring for a motor vehicle such as an automobile, a truck, or an offshore marine vessel. Such information as global positioning system (GPS) longitude and latitude is collected, and can be transmitted via an OPD data call message. Other information including engine diagnostics, security related information with respect to unauthorized ingress and the like is subject to an OPD transmission. Also a this same VTT terminal as intelligent sleeve 66 interfaced with a PDA 65 can collect and provide concierge information, stock market reports, weather reports, airline flight information, news reports, for the benefit of the occupants within a selected automobile, truck, bus, or marine vessel via an OPD data call forward digital traffic channel (FDTC) message bitstream. The user may cause the same VTT terminal to originate and send an OPD Internet query message that causes a selected application service provider (ASP) 108 as depicted in FIG. 2 to respond with specific information. This query message may be regarding an airline flight schedule, a PDA software update, and intelligent sleeve software update and the like. Regardless of the message type, the fundamental OPD messaging protocol and network protocol remains essentially the same with respect to transmission transport through forward digital traffic channel (FDTC), reverse digital traffic channel (RDTC) and PCM circuit PLMN-PSTN channel space.

Accordingly, lets consider that a model message query involves a combined message that contains OPD data bits that comprise (1) a query for an airline flight, and (2) an automatic telemetry report of an automobiles global positioning derived location in order provide the most efficient route to a selected airport, and an engine status fuel consumption report. Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 23, an OPD wireless data communications is therefore initialized in the following protocol means methods. A user scrolls 415 the menu of his PDA 65 inserted into the VTT terminal configured as intelligent sleeve 66, and selects an OPD data call query message to be sent to the United Airlines reservation web site concerning his pending flight. Once he scrolls to the proper graphically represented icon, the user enters specific flight information into the United Airlines menu query via keypad or stylus and presses the GUI based “send button, 465a on the virtual keyboard 367b of his PDA. This terminal is configured as a combined wireless personal digital assistant (PDA) and a mobile telemetry device. The VTT terminal 120 firmware and software 52 responds by selecting 55a initializing a OPD data call 57 set up, that uses a standard GSM voice call routing scheme in this example.

Referring to FIG. 24. Depicted here is a GSM PLMN 98 with one virtual transaction terminal (VTT) terminal 120a that is designed and configured as an intelligent sleeve 66, that contains a selected personal digital assistant (PDA) 65 as depicted in FIG. 23. With reference to FIG. 24 there is also provided a virtual telemetry terminal (VTT) 100b respectively, which is configured to manage and control an application specific telemetry device 99b. A telemetry device may range from a utility power or gas meter in Singapore City Singapore, to a traffic control module located in Shanghai China. Each VTT terminal configured as an intelligent sleeve 120, and 100b configured as virtual telemetry terminal (VTT) is assigned a subscriber identity module (SIM) card module 133 as shown in FIG. 4. The SIM contains a lot of valuable information. However, for the purposes detailed here, only certain stored data information has direct relevance to the operation and performance of octave pulse data network protocols, MSMS route protocols, and other novel protocol variants the invention produces. Such information as subscriber data, roaming data, and PLMN data, has direct importance to the successful operation of the present invention. Such information as the mobile subscriber ISDN (MSISDN) that is the mobile identification number (MIN), which is the equivalent of a conventional directory number for wireless services in North America. Conventional GSM mobile stations may be assigned many MSISDN numbers in parallel. The different MSISDN are used to address different services. For example with respect to conventional GSM-900/1800PCN services, one MSISDN number is used for voice, another for fax, another for PAD data and the like. The invention modifies this parallel modality. A VTT terminal 120 and 100b for example, uses one number for conventional voice, another number for OPD, and the same number as OPD for simultaneous voice and data (SVD). Both VTT terminals 120, and 100b use a different number for MSMS synchronous service routing, and yet another for novel PAD data service routing. The invention utilizes this multiple MSISDN feature in a novel and unique way.

The first MSISDN number is designated as a conventional voice call number, in terms of host PLMN network identification, authentication and the like. Secondly, the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI), which is utilized by the GSM version of the VTT terminal 120 and 100b respectively. Thirdly the international mobile equipment identity (IMEI), which is the equivalent of the electronic serial number (ESN) used by AMPS, CDMA and TDMA mobile stations in North and South America. Referring to FIG. 24. Upon initialization, the VTT terminal 120 transmits a conventional voice call request signaling increment that contains one of the inventions specialized routing numbers 402. The inventions OPD, MSMS, and other manipulated and modified voice and data call service constructs use special non diallable routing numbers 402 that essentially “points the OPD call, to a selected inventions network operation center (NOC) via a currently serving GSM, CDMA, TDMA or UMTS PLMN. This number 402 is algorithmically expressed in different international directory number format iterations such as “831-457-1243, 402a, that is assigned to a North American telephone exchange specific to a Santa Cruz California network operations center (NOC). A local directory number “9847-3492, 402b for a local gateway node, that relays the data call to network operations center (NOC) in Sydney Australia.

An international routing number “61-9847-3492, 402c for a network operations center (NOC) in Melbourne Australia. And, a European routing number “49-7845-3378, 402d for a network operations center (NOC) located in Frankfurt Germany. Every time an OPD event is initialized, originated and transmitted through a selected PLMN digital air interface channel and a mobile switching center (MSC) and PCM transmission path 277, within the constructs of a private link or a PSTN 112 transmission path to a selected network operation center (NOC). In some instances an OPD data call route request is pointed to a specialized PCM-Internet gateway node 346. This specialized gateway node 346 converts PCM bitstream 277 OPD data calls with respect to TCP/IP 73 packetization. After conversion the gateway node 346 then routes the OPD data call to a selected network operation center (NOC) 68 via the Internet world wide web (WWW) 110 as shown in FIG. 25.

Referring to FIG. 24, a VTT terminal 120 is configured as an intelligent sleeve 66 integrated with a PDA 65. Accordingly, upon manually or automatically initiated command the VTT terminal 120a initializes an OPD data call to the inventions virtual host system (VHS) 256, that is collocated with a selected network operation center (NOC) 68 as shown in FIG. 25. Referring to FIG. 24, the VTT terminal 120a transmits a traffic channel burst to a currently serving base site 101a. This call request, is an access burst that contains the call destination routing number, in this case a “NOC access number in Melbourne Australia, “61-9847-3492, 402c respectively. With respect to a GSM PLMN, the Random Access Channel (RACH) facilitates an OPD data call request between the VTT terminal 120a and the serving base site (BS) 101a. The RACH is a logically defined up link common control channel (CCCH) that a VTT terminal 120 or any other conventional mobile station uses to send a connection request to a base site. The only two messages that are sent with respect to a GSM RACH are CHAN_REQ and HND-ACC, with a net length of eight bits and a transmission rate of 34 bps. GSM also provides a standalone dedicated control channel (SDCCH). The SDCCH is used for up link and down link of the air-interface to transmit signaling data for connection set up, call routing and location update (LU). The transmission rate is relatively slow at a 779 bps. However this slow data speed has no effect with respect to an OPD event cycle and its desired performance parameters. The SDCCH typically contains the OPD call routing number such as “61-9847-3492, 402c, the VTT terminals MSISDN, IMEI, IMSI and other pertinent network access data.

Once the currently serving base site (BS) 101a receives the OPD data call request embodied within the logical frame and subframe structures of an SDCCH invocation, it is forwarded to the associated base site controller (BSC) 102a, which in turn is forwarded to its associated mobile switching center (MSC) 104. The MSC performs a rapid analysis of the received SDCCH data in order to determine (1) whether or not the instant VTT terminal 120a has previously registered with this PLMN 98 as a “home, subscriber or a visiting “roamer. During this registration analysis the associated MSC detects and examines the received MSISDN contained within the SDCCH registration increment. The MSC 104 determines its registration status by comparing the received subscriber information with its own home subscriber MSISDN range and call routing tables. If the VTT terminal 120a is deemed a home subscriber the MSC forwards the VTT terminal 120 registration increment to its associated home location register (HLR) 117. Sometimes the same registration increment is sent to its associated authentication database (AUC) 115. The AUC is the physical part of the HLR. In today's GSM PLMN topological structures the HLR and AUC are one in the same with respect to most PLMN implementations. If it is determined by the HLR that the VTT terminal is a valid home subscriber, it responds to the associated MSCs registration interrogation with a form of “authentication authorization notification. If the VTT terminal 120a has been classified as a roamer by the serving MSC it forwards the registration increment to its associated visitor location register (VLR) 118b.

If the VTT terminal 120 has not previously registered as a roamer, it sends a registration increment to the HLR associated with the MSISDN via the SS#7 or SS7 network 113. In this particular case the associated HLR 109 is collocated within physical constructs of the selected network operation center (NOC) 68 as shown in FIG. 25. With reference to FIG. 24, if the HLR interrogates its own subscriber database and detects that the MSISDN represents a valid and current subscriber, it forwards a form of “registration authentication to the currently serving MSC 104 and its collocated VLR 118b. Upon reception the serving MSC 104 sends a form of “successful registration, contained within the frame structures of a forward channel SDCCH to the VTT terminal 120 via the forward traffic channel that transports the SDCCH registration increment via traffic channel signaling frames. Upon detection of this received registration authorization, the VTT terminal 120a prepares to transmit an octave pulse data message to the virtual host system (VHS) 256 via the currently serving PLMN network 98 as shown in FIG. 25, and FIG. 24 respectively.

Referring to FIG. 24 and FIG. 25. In this section OPD processes and call flow algorithms will be disclosed. GSM call establishment, channel synchronization, timing, channel measurements that transpire during a connection, and other such details are not deemed necessary for the purposes of this disclosure, therefore further details with respect to these matters are omitted. Now that the VTT terminal 120 authentication procedures are complete, a logical speech channel is assigned between the currently serving base site 101a and the VTT terminal 120 by the currently serving MSC 104 and base site controller (BSC) 102a. Simultaneous with the traffic channel assignment is the assignment of this OPD data call route topology. This OPD data call route geometry occurs between the currently serving MSC 104 the Gateway mobile switching center (G-MSC) 103, and assigned PCM circuit 227, the PSTN 112 and virtual host system (VHS) 256 that is collocated with the inventions network operation center (NOC) 68. Accordingly, now that the VTT terminal 120 has requested service, and is registered successfully, and has sent its MSISDN and the call destination number “61-9847-3492, via the assigned digital traffic channel, a PCM circuit is now initialized. This PCM circuit is completed with call route path is established by the out-of band signaling mechanism provided by the serving SS#7 network 113 to the HLR 109 via a TCAP/MAP message.

The call destination number 61-9847-3492, is the number assigned to the inventions network operation center (NOC) 68 in Melbourne Australia as depicted in FIG. 25. This route number, or any route to NOC number, is permanently assigned to each VTT terminal 120a and 100b as shown in FIG. 24. All OPD data calls are routed to the VTDN NOC when an OPD event is initialized and originated within the footprint of any digital cellular PLMN. The OPD data call route number 402 shown in FIG. 24, that includes route numbers in California “831-457-1243, 402a, local Melbourne Australia access “9847-3492, 402b, and Frankfurt Germany “49-7845-3378, 402d. These special OPD route numbers cannot be changed by the user of a VTT terminal 120 used for horizontal market applications, or on site with respect to a VTT terminal 100b configured for vertical market telemetry applications. An OPD data call route number may only be changed remotely via the inventions virtual host system (VHS) 256 that is collocated with its network operation center (NOC) 68. The VHS system originates a forward channel OPD data call, and transmits “administrative program update, and changes the VTT terminal 120 user profile. This particular OPD data call event, in fact all such events are routed to the programmable telephony switch 69 collocated and interconnected and transported by host PLMN and PSTN 112 PCM circuit route path constructs with respect to the inventions virtual host system (VHS) 256 means and methods.

OPD data call routing, in fact any conventional speech call routing is performed by out-of-band signaling system seven (SS7) in the U.S., and signaling system number # 7 (SS#7) constructs via TCAP/MAP protocols in Europe, Asia and Australia. The means and methods of “transaction capabilities application part, (TCAP), mobile application part (MAP), interim standard 41A-D, and other such specifications and protocols are widely known to those whom practice the art. Therefore further disclosure with respect to these conventional out-of-band signaling protocols and procedures are omitted. Once routed and connected the VTT terminal 120 prepares to transmit an application specific OPD data call message stream from the serving PLMN, via the PSTN 112 to the VHS. Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 23 and FIG. 24. Depicted in FIG. 1 are the VTT terminal's functional constructs 50. When a user manually initializes an OPD data call event, or when an automatic control program contained within a remotely located unmanned VTT terminal 120 initializes an OPD data call, the following processes and procedures transpire. Within the substrate layers of the VTT terminal's firmware and software operational protocols 52 are control algorithms that manage many high level functions. High level functions include but are not limited to OPD data call set up, tear down, type of event selection and the like.

For example with respect to manual user functions there is provided a “human machine interface (HMI) capability 62 expressed ergonomically and algorithmically here as an intelligent sleeve 66 as shown here in FIG. 1, and in FIG. 23, a PDA-Palm VII interface 65 or any personal digital assistant 428 such as the Phillips Velo PDA(s), Avigo PDA(s), Clio PDA(s), Hewlett-Packard PDA(s), IBM WorkPad PDA(s), Casio's Cassiopeia PDA(s), Palm III PDA, Palm V PDA, Apple Newton PDA(s), Poqet PDA(s), Psion PDA(s), REX PDA(s), Visor PDA(s), and the like. In terms of VTT terminal functions this HMI 62 interface can take the form of a regular mobile station (MS) keypad, “PDA stylus tap pad, and a mini computer keyboard. Other HMI interfaces include a Palm VII “type, PDA stylus tap-table screen, an audio speech to text interface, text to speech interface. Palm VII graffiti to speech means and methods, and the like.

In one scenario the user chooses an event type that utilizes the heretofore-disclosed OPD data call set up to the inventions network operation center (NOC) and virtual host system (VHS) just disclosed. The user's VTT terminal is configured to operate in a multilevel capacity. (1) The VTT terminal 120a is configured as an “intelligent communicative sleeve, that slides over a conventional Palm VII personal digital assistant (PDA) 65 with a stylus screen as its primary HMI 62. Additionally this Palm VII coupled with the inventions OPD based intelligent sleeve 66 as shown in FIG. 23 is voice service capable. In fact this particular VTT terminal is designed to provide simultaneous voice and OPD data call services, e-mail, Internet web clipping, automatic voice call dialing, OPD Internet content transmission and retrieval and the like. For some applications this VTT terminal 120a may be configured with a global positioning system (GPS) receiver 426 and display capabilities 367c as shown in FIG. 23. Depicted here is a modified Palm V or Palm VII 65 personal digital assistant (PDA) 65 and an octave pulse data (OPD) VTT terminal “intelligent sleeve enclosure, 66. Contained within this sleeve enclosure is the virtual telemetry terminal (VTT) 120a with all the functional operation component constructs such as the octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a, and the octave pulse signature storage (OPS) 371a configured as a dual function chipset 90a, 371a, respectively as depicted in FIG. 4. Contained within the integrated circuitry constructs is an ARM processor 333a, a boot ROM chip 33c, and a DRAM chipset 333b.

Referring to FIG. 23, the modified Palm V or Palm VII 65 when combined with the octave pulse data (OPD) intelligent sleeve 66 is transformed into an improved wireless PDA that adds many new application specific functions. The invention adds wireless telephony digital voice, speech to text, text to speech, speech compression, voice recognition technology, and access to the automatic human language conversion (AHLC) server database 429 as shown in FIG. 25. Referring to FIG. 23. When the invention's VTT terminal is configured in this application specific example as an intelligent sleeve 66 for Palm V, Palm VII and any other selected PDA, it provides a new level of communication management construct sets. The inventions intelligent sleeve provides octave pulse data (OPD), internet access, web-clipping, GPS tracking-map display 367c, and digital voice services that virtually utilizes conventional public wireless communication network modulation schemes and network protocols that are compatible with GSM 900/1800/1900, IS-95-CDMA, CDMA-2000, IS-136 TDMA-EDGE, GPRS, and UMTS terrestrial PLMNS, and Globalstar, Inmarsat Broadband ICON Moetius, Teledesic, satellite PLMN networks and the like. The inventions octave pulse data intelligent sleeve 66 is designed to enable the Palm III, Palm V and Palm V11 and other similar PDAs to “fit inside like a glove, when inserted within the ABS or plastic construct 418, 421 that comprises this versatile enclosure 66. The bottom section 411 of the Palm VII PDA 65 contains a multi-pin port 412 that is used to connect the PDA to a “HotSync Docking Station, that is connected by metallic cable to a computer. This connection enables digital data communication between the Palm VII operating system (OS), user information database, and a personal desktop or laptop computer that is loaded with Palm VII software versions for either PC and or Macintosh compatible terminals.

Referring to FIG. 23. In this scenario the user purchases the invention's VTT terminal, configured as an intelligent sleeve 66 from any retailer. The user may have previously purchased a Palm V or Palm VII PDA 65. If so, the user simply inserts 418, 421 his PDA 65 into the interior space of the intelligent sleeve 66. Once secured the user presses the power button 430a of the PDA 65 and the power button 430b of the intelligent sleeve 66. In some cases the invention provides intelligent sleeve software that enables one button to power up both the PDA and the intelligent sleeve. In most cases the preferred power up embodiment is the power up button 430b located on the intelligent sleeve 66 housing, will in fact provide cogent power up access. In fact the inventions intelligent sleeve provides its own long life battery 431 that powers both the VTT terminal and the PDA. Once both units are powered up the user inserts the hands free headset 405 mini plug 406 into the intelligent sleeves headset mini-plug jack 407. The intelligent sleeve contains resident software that provides a series of graphic user interface (GUI). Upon power up the intelligent sleeve's firmware and software detect the presence of the PDA, determines its type and then automatically loads appropriate GUI kernals and plug in modules that provide a useful selection of human interface graphics (HIG). Such software modules as a virtual cellular phone keypad display 367b and a GPS map display 367c are included in this list of useful GUI to operating system interface modules.

In some cases the user needs to update his PDA software. The user chooses either to request new software or software updates from the invention virtual host system (VHS) via the currently serving digital cellular PLMN while operating wireless mode via forward channel space, or he takes his PDA, places in his docking station at home or office, accesses the inventions octave pulse data virtual transaction data network (OPD-VTDN) service web site and downloads his desired software updates. If the chosen software also improves and or updates the intelligent sleeves software operations, the user simply inserts the PDA into the intelligent sleeve powers up both units and performs a reverse download from the PDA to the intelligent sleeves internal database commensurate with normal download procedures. Once the software is loaded into the PDA 65 and or the intelligent sleeve 66, the user is ready to utilize any one of the useful functions accordingly. For example if the user decides to place a digital wireless voice call he simply takes his stylus 404, taps the PDA screen 367a and the appropriate icon, and the inventions virtual cellular phone key pad 367b appears. Next the user takes his stylus and “tap dials, the displayed icons 427a that look just like conventional cellular phone key characters. As previously described the user has plug in the intelligent sleeves headset 405, places the earpiece 409 in his ear, attaches the microphone 408 to his shirt lapel and “taps out, his selected directory number. Once the user is finished with his novel tap-dial, a taps the “send, icon and makes a connection in accord with conventional digital cellular, PLMN and PSTN voice call connection protocols. In still another variation of this process, the user chooses to look up a directory number that he previously stored in the PDA address database controlled by an address data base access button 414 located on the PDA 65. Once the address list appears, the user scrolls the selected with the PDA's scroll button 415. Once he locates the desired number 419 or 420 as shown on the tablet screen 367a, he simply taps the number 419, and the PDA 65 in conjunction with the inventions intelligent sleeve 66, automatically dials the selected number. In still another scenario, the user chooses to examine what his current position with respect to GPS information and its related map display 367c. In order to access this information, he simply taps the icon specific to GPS services located on the PDA screen 367a. Once initialized the user can tap the icons 427b that cause the GPS map display to change relative focal perspective, cause a desired zoom in, or zoom out action, pick and tap a specific location when utilizing the inventions GPS map display to augment concierge services and the like.

Located on the body of the PDA is a button 413 for accessing the “appointment database. The invention offers a unique feature. If for example the user views his appointment list and desires to change or cancel his appoint he can simply tap the “appointment change icon, and select an automatic dial out for a voice call to his secretary, or directly to the party in question. Instill another scenario, the user can tap out a short e-mail message and send it via OPD-VTDN protocols means and methods. In still another scenario, the user can press the “to do list button, 416, access the menu and make changes in accord with the automatic voice call out and e-mail scenario, with respect to communicating changes in the user's “to do list, that may effect other people directly and thus must be contacted immediately. When the user decides by which medium he will make a call or send an e-mail simply uses his stylus 404 to “tap-out, an instruction. The user is this case decides to send a small e-mail message that equates to about one thousand characters, to his secretary instructing her to change an appointment time with a client. The user presses the combined “e-mail-memorandum, button 417 and the “e-mail memorandum menu, 367d with virtual message page appears. The user then taps the “graffiti writing and alpha-numeric screen, 368. The user first chooses “alpha-English characters, and taps out the “e-mail message 427c, as shown in “e-mail memorandum menu 367d, that is composed with and comprised of 1000 thousand characters. Each e-mail character equates to an eight-bit byte, or one octave pulse possessing one resonant signature value.

Referring to FIG. 20, FIGS. 22 and 23. With reference to FIG. 22, depicted here are octave pulse data word capsules 332 each formatted for a particular function. A one thousand character, octave pulse based e-mail message is comprised and transported by one thousand octave pulse resonant signatures. With respect to the protocol construct of a digital air interface channel, and a PCM circuit, an octave pulse bitstream is comprised of 256 byte octave pulse data world payload 337a, 337b contained within word capsules 335a and 335b, configured as reverse channel message capsule, and forward channel message capsule respectively. Formatted within the octave pulse constructs that generate the octave pulse data payload are message stream management, and capsule management constructs that comprise capsule header increments 334a and 334b. These capsule header increments 334a, 334b, 334c and 334d belong to the reverse channel message, forward channel message capsule, the acknowledgement data word capsule 335c, and the maintenance word capsule 335d respectively.

Each capsule header is comprised of a 13 octave pulse resonate signatures, that equate to approximately 104 bits of capsule management information which also identifies octave pulse message capsule placement with respect to its linear position, within the structural complex of a complete octave pulse message stream. Such as the 1000 character e-mail message 427c as shown in FIG. 23. With reference to FIG. 22 the message body word payload 339a, 339b contains all application specific octave pulse signature information. Each message capsule contains a “number of additional words coming, (NAWC) field. The NAWC field is comprised of three 8 bit byte, octave pulse signature characters that indicate how many additional words are expected to arrive, that follow the message capsule in question. The octave pulse data capacity for three message capsules 335a, 335b and 335c has the equivalent conventional data payload value of 256 bytes each. For example with respect to this particular case, a 1000 character e-mail message is comprised of four message capsules. The last message capsule will indicate that are no additional words coming by the three zeros “000, appearing in the NAWC field.

Referring to FIG. 20. Depicted here are octave pulse data words 396 and 397 respectively. Each octave pulse word 175a, 175b, 175c, and 175d, is comprised of four 5 ms duration octave pulse resonate signatures 173a, 173b, 173c, and 173d. The user's e-mail message is comprised of four 256 byte-message capsules. Each message capsule is comprised of 64 octave-pulse 20 ms burst 396 and 397 respectively. Therefore one 20 ms octave pulse data burst 175a, 175b, 175c, and 175d and 177a, 177b, 177c, and 177d equals one octave pulse data word respectively. Therefore, the user's 1000-character e-mail message is comprised of 256 octave pulse data words (OPDW) that are contained with four octave pulse message capsules as shown in FIG. 22. With reference to FIG. 20 and FIG. 23, the invention provides for simultaneous digital voice and data services that can be initialized by the user selecting a directory with his stylus 404, and originating the octave pulse e-mail event from the inserted PDA 65, that is integrated with the intelligent sleeve 66 that in fact contains the invention octave pulse data and voice capable virtual transaction terminal (VTT) 120. The invention provides for simultaneous voice and data (SVD) services. Accordingly there is provided octave pulse 80 data words 177a, 177b, 177c, and 177c that contain a staggered interleaved array octave pulse signatures 390b, 390d, 390f, and 390h and conventional speech 172 subframes 390a, 390c, 390e, and 390g.

With reference to FIG. 23, FIG. 24, and FIG. 25. Once the user has completed compiling his desired e-mail message 427c, he then taps the “send GUI icon 465b on the PDA. Once the “send GUI icon 465b is tapped, the heretofore disclose OPD data connection initializes, and originates the data call flow through the network elements of this GSM PLMN 98, and further routed to the inventions network operation center (NOC) 68 and virtual host system (VHS) portal 256 via the PSTN 112. Now that the circuit is established this octave pulse data (OPD) data message can be transmitted. With reference to FIG. 3, and FIG. 4. In FIG. 3 the basic conceptual constructs of octave pulse data are depicted 76. The music harmonic value 81a, 81b and 84 of each depicted octave pulse construct and each corresponding alpha numeric character, 77, 78 and 79 is all depicted. Depicted in FIG. 4 is high level block schematic of the VTT terminals 120 transmitter 87a and receiver 88a, with respect to its integrated circuit board (ICB) and its integrated octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a, and octave pulse storage (OPS) chipset 371a configuration. With reference to FIG. 3, when a manual user enters conventional alpha 79 and numeric 77, 78 via his PDA, or when a telemetry device changes its state due to internal system state changes, or connected external telemetry sensors change their respective states, corresponding octave pulse signature are retrieved from the octave pulse storage (OPS) sample database. The octave pulse retrieval process is similar to the process that transpires when a digital musician chooses a sampled sound that is stored in his music workstation or uses instructional “MIDI file constructs, in a personal computer. The MIDI data stream is a unidirectional asynchronous bitstream that has a data rate of 31.25 kbps, with 10 bits transmitted per byte: start bit, 8 data buts and one stop bit. The MIDI data stream is usually originated by a MIDI controller, such as a musical instrument keyboard, or by a MIDI sequencer. A MIDI controller is a device that is played like an instrument, and it translates the performance into a MIDI data stream in real time. Referring to FIG. 4, and FIG. 26, a users PDA 65 in one respect can be used as a MIDI controller interface that can facilitate the transport of MIDI File 214a instructions to an octave pulse storage (OPS) module 371a, in order to send specific resonate signatures to the octave pulse engine (OPE) 90a. This process occurs when the OPE is generating octave pulse signatures during a channel encoding 125 event.

The Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) protocol has widely accepted and utilized by musicians and composers since its conception in the Early 1980's. MIDI data is a very efficient method of representing musical performance information and this makes MIDI a robust protocol not only for musicians, but also for computer and music workstations, and computer games that produce sounds and in some applications for octave pulse data (OPD) storage and instructional data constructs. MIDI was originally developed to allow musicians to connect synthesizers together, the MIDI protocol is now finding widespread use as a delivery medium to replace or supplement digitized audio in games and multimedia applications. There are several advantages to generating sound with a MIDI synthesizer rather than using sampled audio from disk or CD-ROM. The first advantage is storage pace. Data files used to store digitally sampled audio in PCM format such as”. Wav files tend to be quite large. This is especially true for lengthy musical pieces captured in stereo using high sampling rates.

MIDI data files, on the other hand, are extremely small when compared with sampled audio files. Octave pulse signatures are stored in very small files contained within octave pulse storage (OPS) databases. However when cost and over all VTT terminal octave pulse storage space must be optimized MIDI files make perfect sense for some application specific variants. Not all octave pulse signature applications will require MIDI protocol interfaces. Some applications will use small sampled octave pulse signature files without the need of utilizing MIDI protocols. Since octave pulse signature files possesses a 5 ms-time duration value or less, storage within the modular constructs of a VTT terminal 102a is not a problem. With reference to FIG. 3 and FIG. 25, for the sake of some simplicity let's examine how a few of the user's e-mail message characters are initialized, generated, channel encoded, transmitted, transported and then received, processed and or stored at the inventions virtual host system (VHS) 256 collocated at the network operation center (NOC) 68 as shown in FIG. 25. In FIG. 3, Let's extract some characters randomly from the 1000-word e-mail message the user has transmitted. Shown here are ten random numeric characters 78 “6193750482, 82a and ten alpha characters “BGKHLURESX, 82b in a random sequence 79 respectively. Each of these character sequences has octave pitch values assigned 81a and 81b respectively. Each of these twenty characters was randomly extrapolated from the body of the user's e-mail message. When he entered each character with a stylus by sequentially tapping out the complete on the screen of his PDA, and then tapped the “send icon, as previously disclosed and unique octave pulse data communications processes, means and methods transpires.

With reference to FIG. 25 is the inventions network operation center (NOC) 68 that is comprised of a modified short message switching center (SMSC) 377 that comprises specialized router 373a that simultaneously route MSMS messages, Internet based 110 TCP/IP messages and SS7/SS#7 113 TCAP/MAP/USSB messages 364b to selected proxy servers 384 and other data storage elements with respect to the VHS portal 256. There is provided a programmable telephony switch, 374 that also serves as an SS7 IS-41, or SS#7 MAP based Service Switch Point (SSP) 69. Interconnected with SW/SSP 69 is a specialized home location register (HLR) 109 telephony database. There is provided a master hub switch router 96 that switches Ethernet 803.2 TCP/IP for internal NOC communications with respect to intercommunicating with virtual host system (VHS) 256 portal elements and octave pulse character conversion (OPCC) 270 elements, including octave pulse generation and compression (OGC) 44 and the main octave pulse engine (MOPE) 90b. The master hub router 96 also routes wireless session protocol (WSP) traffic, wireless data gram protocol (WDP) traffic, PSTN modem circuit traffic such as digital subscriber line (DSL).

This router also manages various “V., modem based PPP-Slip account data protocols that operate over conventional twisted pair telephone circuits. This switch/router 96 is also interfaced the Wireless Internet Service Provider (WISP) 383, and routes Internet TCP/IP data packets, and routes octave pulse streams embedded in PCM frames and subframes 360a. The master hub switch and router matrix 96, routes all traffic with respect to incoming 370 and outgoing 369 (I/O) 375 NOC and VHS related messages, and all user related messages. All switching and routing is managed by the master hub switch and router, central processors, and programming modules. Within the network elements of the WISP 383 is the Wireless Transaction Application (WTA) to OPD gateway, the OPD to WTA gateway, the Wireless Application Environment (WAE) to OPD gateway, and the OPD to WAE gateway 376b. Further comprising the virtual host system (VHS) 256 is the octave pulse storage (OPS) storage area network (SAN) 371b. The OPS is a large data storage array that collects and distributes octave pulse signatures. There is provided a specialized Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) proxy/server 211 that receives and sends air interface specific 372 WAP scripts with the Internet after conversion from octave pulse signatures originally send from selected VTT terminals configured as intelligent PDA sleeves or telemetry-telematic wireless communications terminals. There is also provided a Wireless Transaction Application (WTA) server 89b. This server manages commercial business CGI scripts and merchant related application content. This WTA server 89b acts as a managing conduit between OPD credit card verification terminals, specific OPD telemetry terminals, and other commercial business transaction activity that requires an Internet to wireless and wireless Internet gateway. There is also provided a VTT terminal origination server 91 that manages OPD specific maintenance, terminal maintenance and program script. This special server manages maintenance, word, capsule, block, and or complete message resend invocation orders.

There is provided an octave pulse character conversion (OPCC) system 270. The OPCC has in input octave pulse data (OPD) conversion 94 an inbound database-gateway process “A, 40, and process “B, 41. Process A 40 receives 45 octave pulse signatures 92 such as “A natural, or “B flat complex wave signature respectively. Process B 41 receives various CGI scripts, application content scripts, wireless markup language (WML) scripts, ASCII-alphanumeric scripts with respect to direct octave pulse to script and script octave pulse conversion. There is provided an out bound octave pulse data post conversion 95 database-content router process “C, 42 and process “D, 43. Process “C”, 42 that sends octave pulse signatures to selected PSTN 112 based PCM circuits 360a. And, process ID, 43 that sends selected content script to 89b, 211, and 91, and routers 373a.

Additional objects and advantages will readily occur to those skilled in the art. There the invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific details, methods, representative devices, and illustrative examples shown and described. Accordingly, departures may be made from such details without departing from the spirit or scope of the general inventive concept as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.