Title:
Supporting structure for engine timing chain
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A supporting structure for an engine timing chain comprising a chain guide for artificially limiting vertical movement of the timing chain near a camshaft sprocket, thereby reducing any abnormal engagement between the timing chain and camshaft sprocket while the camshaft sprocket is in motion, decreasing noise, and increasing the life of the components.



Inventors:
Kim, Gyu-wan (Gyeonggi-do, KR)
Application Number:
10/738291
Publication Date:
10/14/2004
Filing Date:
12/16/2003
Assignee:
KIM GYU-WAN
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F01L1/02; F01L1/04; F02B67/06; F02F1/24; F16G13/02; F16H7/18; (IPC1-7): F01L1/02
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
ESHETE, ZELALEM
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP (PA) (Palo Alto, CA, US)
Claims:

What is claimed is:



1. An engine timing chain assembly, comprising: a timing chain installed around a crankshaft sprocket and a camshaft sprocket to allow a camshaft and a crankshaft to interact with each other for periodically opening and closing intake and exhaust valves; and a chain guide for guiding movement of said timing chain in close proximity to said camshaft sprocket and for restricting vertical movement of said timing chain.

2. The assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said chain guide is installed between an intake camshaft sprocket and an exhaust camshaft sprocket.

3. The assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said chain guide comprises: a body part having a guide groove at its rear portion for allowing said timing chain to be inserted therein; and a mounting boss part integrally formed at a lower portion of said body part for fixing said chain guide.

4. The assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said chain guide is secured at a cam cap mounted on a journal part of the cylinder head.

5. The assembly as defined in claim 4, wherein said cam cap is integrally formed for simultaneously fixing an intake camshaft and an exhaust camshaft at said journal part of the cylinder head.

6. The assembly as defined in claim 5, wherein said cam cap further comprises: receptive grooves formed at both ends thereof for supporting the intake and exhaust camshafts; and a mounting boss part integrally protruded from a front center of said cam cap for securing said chain guide.

7. The assembly as defined in claim 6, wherein a cut-out portion is formed at a rear portion of said mounting boss part for reducing the weight of the components.

8. The assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said chain guide is integrally formed to said cam cap mounted at said journal part of the cylinder head.

Description:

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority of Korean Application No. 10-2003-0022621, filed on Apr. 10, 2003, the disclosure of which is incorporated fully herein by reference.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002] The present invention relates to a supporting structure for an engine timing chain and, more particularly, to a chain guide for guiding movement of a timing chain.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] In general, the interaction between a crankshaft and a camshaft that allows an intake and exhaust valve of an engine to open and close periodically causes the driving force to vary periodically because the driving force transmitted from the crankshaft to the camshaft is maximized when a cam lobe of the camshaft pushes against the intake or exhaust valve. In an engine using a timing chain around a crankshaft sprocket and a camshaft sprocket, a driving torque is periodically varied during a periodic opening and closing of intake and exhaust valves. The periodic variation of the driving torque forces the timing chain to move vertically (approximately 3-4 mm) in close proximity to the camshaft sprocket.

[0004] However, a drawback in conventional engines using a timing chain is that vertical movement generated by the timing chain adjacent to the camshaft sprocket induces an uneven engagement between the sprocket and timing chain.

[0005] There is another drawback in that operational noise occurs in the course of an engagement of the sprocket and timing chain for transmitting the driving force.

[0006] There is still another drawback in that the chain link pins of the timing chain having relatively weak rigidity get damaged due to repetitive uneven engagement, thereby decreasing the life of components.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0007] Embodiments of the present invention provide an engine having a timing chain adapted to artificially restrict vertical movement of a timing chain in close proximity to a camshaft sprocket, thereby reducing any abnormal engagement between the camshaft sprocket and timing chain, decreasing noise, and increasing the life of components.

[0008] In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, a supporting structure for an engine timing chain comprises a timing chain installed around a crankshaft sprocket and a camshaft sprocket to allow the camshaft to interact with the crankshaft for periodically opening and closing an intake and an exhaust valve. A chain guide guides movements of the timing chain in close proximity to the camshaft sprocket, such that the timing chain is restricted in vertical movement.

[0009] The chain guide preferably further comprises a body part having a guide groove at its rear portion for allowing the timing chain to be inserted therein. A mounting boss part is integrally formed at a lower portion of the body part for fixing the chain guide.

[0010] The chain guide is further preferably secured at a cam cap mounted on a journal part of the cylinder head, wherein the cam cap is integrally formed for simultaneously fixing the intake and exhaust camshafts at the journal part of the cylinder head.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0011] For fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the present invention, reference should be made to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

[0012] FIG. 1 is a schematic drawing of a chain guide mounted on an engine timing chain according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0013] FIGS. 2(a) and (b) respectively illustrate front and rear perspective views of the chain guide of FIG. 1;

[0014] FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating a configuration and installation state of a cam cap for mounting a chain guide thereto according to the embodiment of the present invention; and

[0015] FIGS. 4 and 5 respectively illustrate front and rear perspective views of the cam cap of FIG. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0016] A preferred embodiment of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0017] As shown in FIG. 1, a timing chain 14 is installed around a crankshaft sprocket 10 and a camshaft sprocket 12. A chain guide 16 is mounted adjacent to the camshaft sprocket 12 to restrict any vertical movement of the timing chain 14.

[0018] In a double overhead cam (DOHC) engine as shown in FIG. 1, the chain guide 16 is preferably installed between an intake camshaft sprocket 12a and an exhaust camshaft sprocket 12b.

[0019] With reference to FIGS. 2(a) and (b), the chain guide 16 is formed with a mounting boss part 16a at its lower portion for fixing the chain guide 16 to an engine cylinder head or the like. A body part 16b having a guide groove 16c for fixing and supporting the timing chain 14 is formed at an upper portion of the mounting boss part 16a.

[0020] The chain guide 16 may be preferably installed at a cam cap 24 as shown in FIG. 3. The cam cap 24 is designed to fix an intake and an exhaust camshaft 20 and 22 at a journal part 18a of a cylinder head 18. The cam cap 24 is, therefore, installed on the journal part 18a of the cylinder head 18 in close proximity to the camshaft sprocket 12. A detailed configuration of the integral cam cap 24 is illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, respectively.

[0021] The cam cap 24, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, is formed with receptive grooves 24a at both ends of the journal part so as to support the intake and exhaust camshafts 20 and 22. A mounting boss part 24b is disposed at a front center of the cam cap 24 to be correspondingly secured to the mounting boss part 16a of the chain guide 16. A cut-out portion 24c is formed at a rear part of the mounting boss part 24b of the cam cap 24 to reduce the weight of the components.

[0022] The chain guide 16 may be integrally manufactured with the cam cap 24.

[0023] The crankshaft sprocket 10 and camshaft sprocket 12 interact with each other via the timing chain 14 for periodically opening and closing an intake and exhaust valve of an engine. The chain guide 16, for restricting the vertical movement of the timing chain 14, is installed either at an adjacent portion of the camshaft sprocket 12 or between the intake camshaft sprocket 12a and the exhaust camshaft sprocket 12b, such that vertical movement of the timing chain 14 according to the driving torque variation periodically generated from the camshaft sprocket 12 can be forcibly restricted.

[0024] If the timing chain 14 is restricted in vertical movement via the chain guide 16, the camshaft sprocket 12 and timing chain 14 uniformly engage with each other, so that noise emitted during the engagement is reduced. Furthermore, wear and tear on the components due to an uneven engagement is prevented, contributing to an increase in durability of the components.

[0025] The cam cap assembled at the journal part 18a of the cylinder head 18 thus described for fixing the intake and exhaust camshaft 20 and 22 may be replaced by a cam cap 24 which fixes the intake and exhaust camshaft 20 and 22 at the same time, resulting in a reduction of the number of cam caps required during an engine assembly in comparison with the typical decoupled cam cap, and facilitation of maintaining the components.

[0026] The cam cap 24 used for installing the chain guide 16 is formed with the cut-out portion 24c at the rear portion of the mounting boss part 24b, thus reducing the weight of the cam cap integrally manufactured.

[0027] As apparent from the foregoing, there is an advantage in that the supporting structure of the engine timing chain includes the chain guide 16 and the timing chain 14, which transmits power between the crankshaft sprocket 10 and the camshaft sprocket 12, thereby restricting vertical movement of the timing chain 14 in conjunction with the periodic change of the driving torque from the camshaft sprocket 12, reducing noise generated by an abnormal meshing between the camshaft sprocket 12 and timing chain 14, and optimizing the life of components.