Title:
2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
1embedded image Certain 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues are provided. Such compounds are ligands that may be used to modulate specific receptor activity in vivo or in vitro, and are particularly useful in the treatment of conditions associated with pathological receptor activation in humans, domesticated companion animals and livestock animals. Pharmaceutical compositions and methods for using them to treat such disorders are provided, as are methods for using such ligands for receptor localization studies.



Inventors:
Bakthavatchalam, Rajagopal (Madison, CT, US)
Blum, Charles A. (Westbrook, CT, US)
Brielmann, Harry (Guilford, CT, US)
Caldwell, Timothy M. (Guilford, CT, US)
Lombaert, Stephane De (Madison, CT, US)
Hodgetts, Kevin J. (Killingworth, CT, US)
Zheng, Xiaozhang (Branford, CT, US)
Application Number:
10/735607
Publication Date:
08/12/2004
Filing Date:
12/12/2003
Assignee:
Neurogen Corporation
Primary Class:
International Classes:
C07D239/94; C07D401/04; C07D401/14; C07D405/14; C07D409/14; C07D417/14; C07D471/04; C07D491/10; C07D519/00; C07F9/6512; C07F9/6558; C07F9/6561; (IPC1-7): A61K45/00
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
TRUONG, TAMTHOM NGO
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Mintz Levin/Special Group (Boston, MA, US)
Claims:

What is claimed is:



1. A compound of the formula: 921embedded image or a pharmaceutically acceptable form thereof, wherein: X, V, W, Y and Z are each independently N or CR1, with the proviso that at least one of V and X is N; R1 is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl and mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino; R is —O—R7 or 922embedded image R7 is: (i) hydrogen; (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C8alkanoyl, C3-C8alkanone, C2-C8alkyl ether, C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl or (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl; each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; or (iii), taken together with an R5 or R6 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; R3 and R4 are: (i) each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen; (b) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C3-C8alkanone, C2-C8alkanoyl, C2-C8alkyl ether, C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl, (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; and (c) groups that are taken together with an R5 or R6 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; or (ii) taken together to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is-substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; R5 and R6 are, independently at each occurrence: (i) each independently hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from Rb, or taken together with R3, R4 or R7 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocyclic group that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; (ii) taken together to form a keto group; or (iii) taken together to form a 3- to 7-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; n is 1, 2 or 3; Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from 6- to 10-membered aryl groups and 5- to 10-membered heterocycles, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from groups of the formula LRa; L is independently selected at each occurrence from a bond, O, S(O)m, C(═O), OC(═O), C(═O)O, O—C(═O)O, N(Rx), C(═O)N(Rx), N(Rx)C(═O), N(Rx)S(O)m, S(O)mN(Rx) and N[S(O)mRx]S(O)m; wherein m is independently selected at each occurrence from 0, 1 and 2; and Rx is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen and C1-C8alkyl; Ra is independently selected at each occurrence from: (i) hydrogen, halogen, cyano and nitro; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C8alkyl ether, (4- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and mono- and di-(C1-C8alkyl)amino, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, nitro, oxo, —COOH, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino; and Rb is independently chosen at each occurrence from: (i) hydroxy, halogen, amino, aminocarbonyl, cyano, nitro, oxo and —COOH; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C1-C8alkoxy, C1-C8haloalkoxy, C1-C8alkanoyl, C2-C8alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C8alkanoyloxy, C1-C8alkylthio, C2-C8alkyl ether, phenylC0-C8alkyl, phenylC0-C8alkoxy, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC0-C6alkyl, —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl and (4- to 7-membered heterocycle)(C0-C8alkyl); each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C4alkyl)amino.

2. A compound or form thereof according to claim 1, wherein V and X are N.

3. A compound or form thereof according to claim 1, wherein V is N and X is CH.

4. A compound or form thereof according to claim 1, wherein X is N and V is CH.

5. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein Y is N and W and Z are each CH.

6. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein Z is N and W and Y are each CH.

7. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein W, Y and Z are each CH.

8. A compound or form thereof according to claim 1, wherein Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from phenyl and 6-membered aromatic heterocycles, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from groups of the formula LRa.

9. A compound or form thereof according to claim 8, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently selected from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy and haloC1-C6alkoxy; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently selected from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, cyanoC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C2-C6alkyl ether, C1-C6alkanoyl, —(SO2)Rd, —N(Rx)S(O)mRd, and —N[S(Om)Rx]S(O)mRd; wherein m is 1 or 2, R, is hydrogen or C1-C6alkyl, and Rd is C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, amino, mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino or a 5- to 10-membered, N-linked heterocyclic group, each of which Rd is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and haloC1-C4alkoxy.

10. A compound or form thereof according to claim 9, wherein: Ar1 is pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl.

11. A compound or form thereof according to claim 9, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl.

12. A compound or form thereof according to claim 9, wherein: Ar1 is pyridin-2-yl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl, 3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl or 3-halo-pyridin-2-yl, and Ar2 is phenyl, pyridin-2-yl or pyridin-3-yl, each of which is substituted at the para-position with halogen, cyano, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl, methanesulfonyl, ethanesulfonyl, propanesulfonyl, propane-2-sulfonyl, trifluoromethanesulfonyl or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl.

13. A compound or form thereof according to claim 9, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl, 2-methyl-phenyl, 2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl or 2-halo-phenyl; and Ar2 is phenyl, pyridin-2-yl or pyridin-3-yl, each of which is substituted at the para-position with halogen, cyano, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl, methanesulfonyl, ethanesulfonyl, propanesulfonyl, propane-2-sulfonyl, trifluoromethanesulfonyl or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl.

14. A compound of the formula: 923embedded image or a pharmaceutically acceptable form thereof, wherein: V, X, W, Y and Z are each independently N or CR1, with the proviso that at least one of V and X is N; R1 is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl and mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino; R7 is: (i) hydrogen; (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C8alkanoyl, C3-C8alkanone, C2-C8alkyl ether, C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl or (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; or (iii), taken together with an R5 or R6 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; R5 and R6 are, independently at each occurrence: (i) each independently hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from Rb, or taken together with R7 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocyclic group that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; (ii) taken together to form a keto group; or (iii) taken together to form a 3- to 7-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; n is 1, 2 or 3; Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from 6- to 10-membered aryl groups and 5- to 10-membered heterocycles, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from groups of the formula LRa; L is independently selected at each occurrence from a bond, O, S(O)m, C(═O), OC(═O), C(═O)O, O—C(═O)O, N(Rx), C(═O)N(Rx), N(Rx)C(═O), N(Rx)S(O)m, S(O)mN(Rx) and N[S(O)mRx]S(O)m; wherein m is independently selected at each occurrence from 0, 1 and 2; and Rx is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen and C1-C8alkyl; Ra is independently selected at each occurrence from: (i) hydrogen, halogen, cyano and nitro; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C8alkyl ether, (4- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and mono- and di-(C1-C8alkyl)amino, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, nitro, oxo, —COOH, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino; and Rb is independently chosen at each occurrence from: (i) hydroxy, halogen, amino, aminocarbonyl, cyano, nitro, oxo and —COOH; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C1-C8alkoxy, C1-C8haloalkoxy, C1-C8alkanoyl, C2-C8alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C8alkanoyloxy, C1-C8alkylthio, C2-C8alkyl ether, phenylC0-C8alkyl, phenylC0-C8alkoxy, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC0-C6alkyl, —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl and (4- to 7-membered heterocycle)(C0-C8alkyl); each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C4alkyl)amino.

15. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14, wherein V and X are N.

16. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14, wherein V is N and X is CH.

17. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14, wherein X is N and V is CH.

18. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 14-17, wherein Y is N and W and Z are each CH.

19. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 14-17, wherein Z is N and W and Y are each CH.

20. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 14-17, wherein W, Y and Z are each CH.

21. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14, wherein Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from phenyl and 6-membered aromatic heterocycles, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from groups of the formula LRa.

22. A compound or form thereof according to claim 21, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently selected from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy and haloC1-C6alkoxy; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently selected from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, cyanoC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C2-C6alkyl ether, C1-C6alkanoyl, —SO2)Rd, N(Rx)S(O)mRd, and —N[S(Om)Rx]S(O)mRd; wherein m is 1 or 2, Rx is hydrogen or C1-C6alkyl, and Rd is C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, amino, mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino or a 5- to 10-membered, N-linked heterocyclic group, each of which Rd is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and haloC1-C4alkoxy.

23. A compound or form thereof according to claim 22, wherein: Ar1 is pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl.

24. A compound or form thereof according to claim 22, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl.

25. A compound or form thereof according to claim 22, wherein: Ar1 is pyridin-2-yl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl, 3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl or 3-halo-pyridin-2-yl; and Ar2 is phenyl, pyridin-2-yl or pyridin-3-yl, each of which is substituted at the para-position with halogen, cyano, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl, methanesulfonyl, ethanesulfonyl, propanesulfonyl, propane-2-sulfonyl, trifluoromethanesulfonyl or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl.

26. A compound or form thereof according to claim 22, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl, 3-methyl-phenyl, 3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl or 3-halo-phenyl; and Ar2 is phenyl, pyridin-2-yl or pyridin-3-yl, each of which is substituted at the para-position with halogen, cyano, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl, methanesulfonyl, ethanesulfonyl, propanesulfonyl, propane-2-sulfonyl, trifluoromethanesulfonyl or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl.

27. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14, having the formula: 924embedded image wherein A, B, C, X, Y and Z are each independently CH or N, and wherein each “(LRa)1-3” represents from 1 to 3 substituents independently chosen from groups of the formula LRa.

28. A compound or form thereof according to claim 27, wherein X is CH.

29. A compound or form thereof according to claim 27, wherein X is N.

30. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14 or claim 27, wherein R7 is: (i) -hydrogen; or (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C8alkanoyl, C3-C8alkanone, C1-C8alkyl ether, C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl or (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb.

31. A compound or form thereof according to claim 30, wherein R7 is: (i) hydrogen; or (ii) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, C2-C6alkanoyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC1-C6alkyl, phenylC0-C4alkyl, (5- to 6-membered heteroaryl)C0-C4alkyl or (5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl)C0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, amino, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and haloC1-C4alkoxy.

32. A compound or form thereof according to claim 30, wherein R7 is C1-C4alkyl, C2-C4alkyl ether, mono- or di-(C1-C4alkyl)aminoC1-C6alkyl, a 6-membered heterocycle or benzyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen and C1-C4alkyl.

33. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14 or claim 27, wherein each R5 and R6 is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C4alkyl.

34. A compound or form thereof according to claim 33, wherein each R5 and R6 is hydrogen.

35. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14 or claim 27, wherein one R5 and one R6 attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form a keto group.

36. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14 or claim 27, wherein n is 1.

37. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14, having the formula: 925embedded image wherein: X, Y and Z are independently CH or N; Ar1 is phenyl or pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether or a group of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; R5 and R6 are independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C4alkyl; and R7 is (a) hydrogen; or (b) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl or phenylC0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl.

38. A compound or form thereof according to claim 27, having the formula: 926embedded image wherein: A, B, C, Y and Z are each independently CH or N; R7 is (a) hydrogen; or (b) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl or phenylC0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; and each R6 is independently hydrogen or methyl.

39. A compound or form thereof according to claim 27, having the formula: 927embedded image wherein: A, B, C, Y and Z are each independently CH or N; R7 is (a) hydrogen; or (b) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl or phenylC0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; and each R6 is independently hydrogen or methyl.

40. A compound or form thereof according to claim 14, wherein the compound is selected from compounds listed in Table II.

41. A compound of the formula: 928embedded image or a pharmaceutically acceptable form thereof, wherein: V, X, W, Y and Z are each independently N or CR1, with the proviso that at least one of V and X is N; R1 is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl and mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino; R3 and R4 are: (i) each independently selected from: (a) hydrogen; (b) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C3-C8alkanone; C2-C8alkanoyl, C2-CC8alkyl ether, (C6-C10aryl)C0-C8alkyl, (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; and (c) groups that are taken together with an R5 or R6 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; or (ii) taken together to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; R5 and R6 are, independently at each occurrence: (i) each independently hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from Rb, or taken together with R3 or R4 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocyclic group that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; (ii) taken together to form a keto group; or (iii) taken together to form a 3- to 7-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; n is 1,2 or 3; Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from 6- to 10-membered aryl groups and 5- to 10-membered heterocycles, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from groups of the formula LRa; L is independently selected at each occurrence from a bond, O, S(O)m, C(═O), OC(═O), C(═O)O, O—C(═O)O, N(Rx), C(═O)N(Rx), N(Rx)C(═O), N(Rx)S(O)m, S(O)mN(Rx) and N[S(O)mRx]S(O)m; wherein m is independently selected at each occurrence from 0, 1 and 2; and Rx is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen and C1-C8alkyl; Ra is independently selected at each occurrence from: (i) hydrogen, halogen, cyano and nitro; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C8alkyl ether, (4- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and mono- and di-(C1-C8alkyl)amino, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, nitro, oxo, —COOH, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino; and Rb is independently chosen at each occurrence from: (i) hydroxy, halogen, amino, aminocarbonyl, cyano, nitro, oxo and —COOH; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C1-C8alkoxy, C1-C8haloalkoxy, C1-C8alkanoyl, C2-C8alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C8alkanoyloxy, C1-C8alkylthio, C2-C8alkyl ether, phenylC0-C8alkyl, phenylC0-C8alkoxy, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC0-C6alkyl, —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl and (4- to 7-membered heterocycle)(C0-C8alkyl); each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C4alkyl)amino.

42. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41, wherein V and X are N.

43. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41, wherein V is N and X is CH.

44. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41, wherein X is N and V is CH.

45. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 41-44, wherein Y is N and W and Z are each CH.

46. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 41-44, wherein Z is N and W and Y are each CH.

47. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 41-44, wherein W, Y and Z are each CH.

48. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41, wherein Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from phenyl and 6-membered aromatic heterocycles, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents.

49. A compound or form thereof according to claim 48, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently selected from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy and haloC1-C6alkoxy; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently selected from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, cyanoC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C2-C6alkyl ether, C1-C6alkanoyl, —(SO2)Rd, —N(Rx)S(O)mRd, and —N[S(Om)Rx]S(O)mRd; wherein m is 1 or 2, Rx is hydrogen or C1-C6alkyl, and Rd is C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, amino, mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino or a 5- to 10-membered, N-linked heterocyclic group, each of which Rd is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and haloC1-C4alkoxy.

50. A compound or form thereof according to claim 49, wherein: Ar1 is pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C4alkyl haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl.

51. A compound or form thereof according to claim 49, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; and Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C4alkyl haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl.

52. A compound or form thereof according to claim 49, wherein: Ar1 is pyridin-2-yl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl, 3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl or 3-halo-pyridin-2-yl; and Ar2 is phenyl, pyridin-2-yl or pyridin-3-yl, each of which is substituted at the para-position with halogen, cyano, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl, methanesulfonyl, ethanesulfonyl, propanesulfonyl, propane-2-sulfonyl, trifluoromethanesulfonyl or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl.

53. A-compound or form thereof according to claim 49, wherein: Ar1 is phenyl, 2-methyl-phenyl, 2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl or 2-halo-phenyl; and Ar2 is phenyl, pyridin-2-yl or pyridin-3-yl, each of which is substituted at the para-position with halogen, cyano, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl, methanesulfonyl, ethanesulfonyl, propanesulfonyl, propane-2-sulfonyl, trifluoromethanesulfonyl or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl.

54. A compound or form thereof according to claim 30, having the formula: 929embedded image wherein A, B, C, Y and Z are each independently CH or N, and wherein each “(LRa)1-3” represents from 1 to 3 substituents independently chosen from groups of the formula LRa.

55. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41 or 54, wherein R3 and R4 are independently selected from (i) hydrogen and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C3-C8alkanone, C1-C8alkanoyl, C2-C8alkyl-ether, (C6-C10aryl)C0-C8alkyl, (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb.

56. A compound or form thereof according to claim 55, wherein R3 and R4 are independently selected from (i) hydrogen and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, phenylC0-C4alkyl, indanylC0-C4alkyl, (5- to 6-membered heteroaryl)C0-C4alkyl and (5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl)C0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy and haloC1-C6alkoxy.

57. A compound or form thereof according to claim 56, wherein R3 and R4 are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, (5- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, indanyl, benzyl, 1-phenyl-ethyl, 1-phenyl-propyl and 2-phenyl-ethyl, each of which substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen and C1-C4alkyl, with the proviso that at least one of R3 and R4 is not hydrogen.

58. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41 or claim 54, wherein one of R3 or R4 is taken together with an R5 or R6 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocyclic group that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkoxy, C1-C4alkanoyl, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl and (4- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl.

59. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41 or claim 54, wherein R3 and R4 are taken together to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, aminocarbonyl, C1-C4alkyl, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkoxy, C1-C4alkanoyl, C2-C4alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl and (4- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl.

60. A compound or form thereof according to claim 59, wherein the 4- to 10-membered heterocycle is morpholinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, pyrrolidinyl or thiomorpholinyl.

61. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41 or claim 54, wherein each R5 and R6 is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C4alkyl.

62. A compound or form thereof according to claim 61, wherein each R5 and R6 is hydrogen.

63. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41 or claim 54, wherein one R5 and one R6 attached to the same carbon atom are taken together to form a keto group.

64. A compound or form thereof according to claim 41 or claim 54, wherein n is 1.

65. A compound or form thereof according to claim 30, having the formula: 930embedded image wherein: Ar1 is phenyl or pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether or a group of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; R3 and R4 are: (a) independently selected from: (i) hydrogen; and (ii) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, (5- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, indanyl, benzyl, 1-phenyl-ethyl, 1-phenyl-propyl and 2-phenyl-ethyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; or (b) taken together to form a 5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl that is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; and R5 and R6 are independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C4alkyl.

66. A compound or form thereof according to claim 54, having the formula: 931embedded image wherein: A, B, C, Y and Z are each independently CH or N; R3 and R4 are: (a) independently selected from: (i) hydrogen; and (ii) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, (5- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, indanyl, benzyl, 1-phenyl-ethyl, 1-phenyl-propyl and 2-phenyl-ethyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; or (b) taken together to form a 5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl that is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; and each R6 is independently hydrogen or methyl.

67. A compound or form thereof according to claim 54, having the formula: 932embedded image wherein: A, B, C, Y and Z are each independently CH or N; R3 and R4 are: (a) independently selected from: (i) hydrogen; and (ii) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, (5- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, indanyl, benzyl, 1-phenyl-ethyl, 1-phenyl-propyl and 2-phenyl-ethyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; or (b) taken together to form a 5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl that is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; and each R6 is independently hydrogen or methyl.

68. A compound or form thereof according to claim 30, wherein the compound is selected from compounds listed in Table III.

69. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, wherein the compound has an IC50 value of 100 nanomolar or less in a capsaicin receptor calcium mobilization assay.

70. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, wherein the compound has an IC50 value of 10 nanomolar or less in a capsaicin receptor calcium mobilization assay.

71. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising at least one compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, in combination with a physiologically acceptable carrier or excipient.

72. A pharmaceutical composition according to claim 71 wherein the composition is formulated as an injectible fluid, an aerosol, a cream, a gel, a pill, a capsule, a syrup or a transdermal patch.

73. A method for reducing calcium conductance of a cellular capsaicin receptor, comprising contacting a cell expressing a capsaicin receptor with at least one compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, and thereby reducing calcium conductance of the capsaicin receptor.

74. A method according to claim 73, wherein the cell is a neuronal cell that is contacted in vivo in an animal.

75. A method according to claim 74, wherein during contact the compound is present within a body fluid of the animal.

76. A method according to claim 74, wherein the compound is present in the blood of the animal at a concentration of 1 micromolar or less.

77. A method according to claim 76, wherein the compound is present in the blood of the animal at a concentration of 500 micromolar or less.

78. A method according to claim 77, wherein the compound is present in the blood of the animal at a concentration of 100 micromolar or less.

79. A method according to claim 74, wherein the animal is a human.

80. A method according to claim 74, wherein the compound is administered orally.

81. A method for inhibiting binding of vanilloid ligand to a capsaicin receptor in vitro, the method comprising contacting capsaicin receptor with at least one compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, under conditions and in an amount sufficient to detectably inhibit vanilloid ligand binding to capsaicin receptor.

82. A method for inhibiting binding of vanilloid ligand to capsaicin receptor in a patient, comprising contacting cells expressing capsaicin receptor with at least one compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, in an amount sufficient to detectably inhibit vanilloid ligand binding to cells expressing a cloned capsaicin receptor in vitro, and thereby inhibiting binding of vanilloid ligand to the capsaicin receptor in the patient.

83. A method according to claim 82, wherein the patient is a human.

84. A method according to claim 82, wherein the compound is present in the blood of the patient at a concentration of 1 micromolar or less.

85. A method for treating a condition responsive to capsaicin receptor modulation in a patient, comprising administering to the patient a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of at least one compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, and thereby alleviating the condition in the patient.

86. A method according to claim 85, wherein the patient is suffering from (i) exposure to capsaicin, (ii) bum or irritation due to exposure to heat, (iii) bums or irritation due to exposure to light, (iv) burn, bronchoconstriction or irritation due to exposure to tear gas, air pollutants or pepper spray, or (v) bum or irritation due to exposure to acid.

87. A method according to claim 85, wherein the condition is asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

88. A method for treating pain in a patient, comprising administering to a patient suffering from pain a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of at least one compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, and thereby alleviating pain in the patient.

89. A method according to claim 88, wherein the compound is present in the blood of the patient at a concentration of 1 micromolar or less.

90. A method according to claim 89, wherein the compound is present in the blood of the patient at a concentration of 500 nanomolar or less.

91. A method according to claim 89, wherein the compound is present in the blood of the patient at a concentration of 100 nanomolar or less.

92. A method according to claim 88, wherein the patient is suffering from neuropathic pain.

93. A method according to claim 88, wherein the pain is associated with a condition selected from: postmastectomy pain syndrome, stump pain, phantom limb pain, oral neuropathic pain, toothache, postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, trigeminal neuralgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, Guillain-Barre syndrome, meralgia paresthetica, burning-mouth syndrome, bilateral peripheral neuropathy, causalgia, neuritis, neuronitis, neuralgia, AIDS-related neuropathy, MS-related neuropathy, spinal cord injury-related pain, surgery-related pain, musculoskeletal pain, back pain, headache, migraine, angina, labor, hemorrhoids, dyspepsia, Charcot's pains, intestinal gas, menstruation, cancer, venom exposure, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease and trauma.

94. A method according to claim 88, wherein the patient is a human.

95. A method for treating itch in a patient, comprising administering to a patient a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of a compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, and thereby alleviating itch in the patient.

96. A method for treating cough or hiccup in a patient, comprising administering to a patient a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of a compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, and thereby alleviating cough or hiccup in the patient.

97. A method for treating urinary incontinence in a patient, comprising administering to a patient a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of a compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, and thereby alleviating urinary incontinence in the patient.

98. A method promoting weight loss in an obese patient, comprising administering to a patient a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of a compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, and thereby promoting weight loss in the patient.

99. A compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, wherein the compound or form thereof is radiolabeled.

100. A method for determining the presence or absence of capsaicin receptor in a sample, comprising the steps of: (a) contacting a sample with a compound or form thereof according to any one of claims 1, 14 or 41, under conditions that permit binding of the compound to capsaicin receptor; and (b) detecting a level of the compound bound to capsaicin receptor, and therefrom determining the presence or absence of capsaicin receptor in the sample.

101. A method according to claim 100, wherein the compound is a radiolabeled compound according to claim 99, and wherein the step of detection comprises the steps of: (i) separating unbound compound from bound compound; and (ii) detecting the presence or absence of bound compound in the sample.

102. A packaged pharmaceutical preparation, comprising: (a) a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 71 in a container; and (b) instructions for using the composition to treat pain.

103. A packaged pharmaceutical preparation, comprising: (a) a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 71 in a container; and (b) instructions for using the composition to treat cough or hiccup.

104. A packaged pharmaceutical preparation, comprising: (a) a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 71 in a container; and (b) instructions for using the composition to treat obesity.

105. A packaged pharmaceutical preparation, comprising: (a) a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 71 in a container; and (b) instructions for using the composition to treat urinary incontinence.

106. Use of a compound according to claim 1 as a medicament for the treatment of a patient suffering from a condition responsive to capsaicin receptor modulation.

107. Use of a compound according to claim 1 as a medicament for the treatment of a patient suffering from a condition responsive to capsaicin receptor modulation selected from (i) exposure to capsaicin, (ii) burn or irritation due to exposure to heat, (iii) bums or irritation due to exposure to light, (iv) bum, bronchoconstriction or irritation due to exposure to tear gas, air pollutants or pepper spray, or (v) bum or irritation due to exposure to acid.

108. Use of a compound according to claim 1 as a medicament for the treatment of a patient suffering from to pain.

108. Use of a compound according to claim 1 as a medicament for the treatment of a patient suffering from neuropathic pain associated with a condition selected from: postmastectomy pain syndrome, stump pain, phantom limb pain, oral neuropathic pain, toothache, postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, trigeminal neuralgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, Guillain-Barre syndrome, meralgia paresthetica, burning-mouth syndrome, bilateral peripheral neuropathy, causalgia, neuritis, neuronitis, neuralgia, AIDS-related neuropathy, MS-related neuropathy, spinal cord injury-related pain, surgery-related pain, musculoskeletal pain, back pain, headache, migraine, angina, labor, hemorrhoids, dyspepsia, Charcot's pains, intestinal gas, menstruation, cancer, venom exposure, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease and trauma.

Description:

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application 60/433,139, filed Dec. 13, 2002.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002] This invention relates generally to 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues that are modulators of capsaicin receptors, and to the use of such compounds for treating conditions related to capsaicin receptor activation. The invention further relates to the use such compounds as probes for the detection and localization of capsaicin receptors.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Pain perception, or nociception, is mediated by the peripheral terminals of a group of specialized sensory neurons, termed “nociceptors.” A wide variety of physical and chemical stimuli induce activation of such neurons in mammals, leading to recognition of a potentially harmful stimulus. Inappropriate or excessive activation of nociceptors, however, can result in debilitating acute or chronic pain.

[0004] Neuropathic pain involves pain signal transmission in the absence of stimulus, and typically results from damage to the nervous system. In most instances, such pain is thought to occur because of sensitization in the peripheral and central nervous systems following initial damage to the peripheral system (e.g., via direct injury or systemic disease). Neuropathic pain is typically burning, shooting and unrelenting in its intensity and can sometimes be more debilitating that the initial injury or disease process that induced it.

[0005] Existing treatments for neuropathic pain are largely ineffective. Opiates, such as morphine, are potent analgesics, but their usefulness is limited because of adverse side effects, such as physical addictiveness and withdrawal properties, as well as respiratory depression, mood changes, and decreased intestinal motility with concomitant constipation, nausea, vomiting, and alterations in the endocrine and autonomic nervous systems. In addition, neuropathic pain is frequently non-responsive or only partially responsive to conventional opioid analgesic regimens. Treatments employing the N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist ketamine or the alpha(2)-adrenergic agonist clonidine can reduce acute or chronic pain, and permit a reduction in opioid consumption, but these agents are often poorly tolerated due to side effects.

[0006] Topical treatment with capsaicin has been used to treat chronic and acute pain, including neuropathic pain. Capsaicin is a pungent substance derived from the plants of the Solanaceae family (which includes hot chili peppers) and appears to act selectively on the small diameter afferent nerve fibers (A-delta and C fibers) that are believed to mediate pain. The response to capsaicin is characterized by persistent activation of nociceptors in peripheral tissues, followed by eventual desensitization of peripheral nociceptors to one or more stimuli. From studies in animals, capsaicin appears to trigger C fiber membrane depolarization by opening cation selective channels for calcium and sodium.

[0007] Similar responses are also evoked by structural analogues of capsaicin that share a common vanilloid moiety. One such analogue is resiniferatoxin (RTX), a natural product of Euphorbia plants. The term vanilloid receptor (VR) was coined to describe the neuronal membrane recognition site for capsaicin and such related irritant compounds. The capsaicin response is competitively inhibited (and thereby antagonized) by another capsaicin analog, capsazepine, and is also inhibited by the non-selective cation channel blocker ruthenium red. These antagonists bind to VR with no more than moderate affinity (typically with Ki values of no lower than 140 μM).

[0008] Rat and human vanilloid receptors have been cloned from dorsal root ganglion cells. The first type of vanilloid receptor to be identified is known as vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1), and the terms “VR1” and “capsaicin receptor” are used interchangeably herein to refer to rat and/or human receptors of this type, as well as mammalian homologs. The role of VR1 in pain sensation has been confirmed using mice lacking this receptor, which exhibit no vanilloid-evoked pain behavior, and impaired responses to heat and inflammation. VR1 is a nonselective cation channel with a threshold for opening that is lowered in response to elevated temperatures, low pH, and capsaicin receptor agonists. For example, the channel usually opens at temperatures higher than about 45° C. Opening of the capsaicin receptor channel is generally followed by the release of inflammatory peptides from neurons expressing the receptor and other nearby neurons, increasing the pain response. After initial activation by capsaicin, the capsaicin receptor undergoes a rapid desensitization via phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase.

[0009] Because of their ability to desensitize nociceptors in peripheral tissues, VR1 agonist vanilloid compounds have been used as topical anesthetics. However, agonist application may itself cause burning pain, which limits this therapeutic use.

[0010] Recently, it has been reported that VR1 antagonists, including nonvanilloid compounds, are also useful for the treatment of pain (see, PCT application Number WO 02/08221, which published Jan. 31, 2002).

[0011] Thus, compounds that interact with VR1, but do not elicit the initial painful sensation of VR1 agonist vanilloid compounds, are desirable for the treatment of chronic and acute pain, including neuropathic pain. Antagonists of this receptor are particularly desirable for the treatment of pain, as well as conditions such as tear gas exposure, itch and urinary incontinence. The present invention fulfills this need, and provides further related advantages.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0012] The present invention provides VR1 modulators that alter, and preferably inhibit, capsaicin receptor activation. Within certain aspects, VR1 modulators provided herein are 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues of Formula I: 2embedded image

[0013] or pharmaceutically acceptable forms thereof. Within Formula I:

[0014] X, V, W, Y and Z are each independently N or CR1, with the proviso that at least one of V and X is N;

[0015] R1 is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, optionally substituted alkyl or more preferably C1-C6alkyl, optionally substituted haloalkyl or more preferably haloC1-C6alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy or more preferably C1-C6alkoxy, optionally substituted haloalkoxy or more preferably haloC1-C6alkoxy, optionally substituted alkoxycarbonyl or more preferably C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl and opsbu mono- and dialkylamino or more preferably mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino;

[0016] R is —O—R7 or 3embedded image

[0017] R7 is:

[0018] (i) hydrogen;

[0019] (ii) optionally substituted alkyl or more preferably C1-C8alkyl, optionally substituted alkenyl or more preferably C2-C8alkenyl, optionally substituted alkynyl or more preferably C2-C8alkynyl, optionally substituted alkanoyl or more preferably C2-C8alkanoyl, optionally substituted alkanone or more preferably C3-C8alkanone, optionally substituted alkyl ether or more preferably C2-C8alkyl ether, optionally substituted aryl or arakyl or more preferably C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl or optionally substituted heterocycle or heterocycle-alkyl or more preferably (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; or

[0020] (iii) taken together with an R5 or R6 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb;

[0021] R3 and R4 are:

[0022] (i) each independently selected from:

[0023] (a) hydrogen;

[0024] (b) optionally substituted alkyl or more preferably C1-C8alkyl, optionally substituted alkenyl or more preferably C2-C8alkenyl, optionally substituted alkynyl or more preferably C2-C8alkynyl, optionally substituted alkanone or more preferably C3-C8alkanone, optionally substituted alkanoyl or more preferably C2-C8alkanoyl, optionally substituted alkyl ether or more preferably C2-C8alkyl ether, optionally substituted aryl or aralkyl or more preferably C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl, optionally substituted heterocycle or heterocycle-alkyl or more preferably (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and optionally substituted alkylsulfonate or more preferably —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; and

[0025] (c) groups that are taken together with an R5 or R6 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocycle that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; or

[0026] (ii) taken together to form, with the N to which they are bound, a 4- to 10-membered heterocyclic group that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb; and

[0027] R5 and R6 are, independently at each occurrence:

[0028] (i) each independently hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from Rb, or taken together with R3, R4 or R7 to form a 4- to 10-membered heterocyclic group that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb;

[0029] (ii) taken together to form a keto group (C═O); or

[0030] (iii) taken together to form a 3- to 7-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring that is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb;

[0031] n is 1, 2 or 3;

[0032] Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from carbocycles or heterocycles or more preferably are independently selected from 6- to 10-membered carbocycles (preferably aryl) and 5- to 10-membered heterocycles, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from groups of the formula LRa;

[0033] L is independently selected at each occurrence from a bond, O, S(O)m, C(═O), OC(═O), C(═O)O, O—C(═O)O, N(Rx), C(═O)N(Rx), N(Rx)C(═O), N(Rx)S(O)m, S(O)mN(Rx) and N[S(O)mRx]S(O)m; wherein m is independently selected at each occurrence from 0, 1 and 2; and Rx is independently selected at each occurrence from hydrogen and C1-C8alkyl;

[0034] Ra is independently selected at each occurrence from: (i) hydrogen, halogen, cyano and nitro; and (ii) alkyl or more preferably C1-C8alkyl, alkenyl or more preferably C2-C8alkenyl, alkynyl or more preferably C2-C8alkynyl, alkyl ether or more preferably C2-C8alkyl ether, heterocycle or heterocycle-alkyl or more preferably (4- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and mono- and di-alkylamino or more preferably mono- and di-(C1-C8alkyl)amino, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, nitro, oxo, —COOH, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino; and

[0035] Rb is independently chosen at each occurrence from:

[0036] (i) hydroxy, halogen, amino, aminocarbonyl, cyano, nitro, oxo and —COOH; and

[0037] (ii) alkyl or more preferably C1-C8alkyl, haloalkyl or more preferably C1-C8haloalkyl, alkoxy or more preferably C1-C8alkoxy, haloalkoxy or more preferably C1-C8haloalkoxy, alkanoyl or more preferably C1-C8alkanoyl, alkoxycarbonyl or more preferably C2-C8alkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyloxy or more preferably C2-C8alkanoyloxy, alkylthio or more preferably C1-C8alkylthio, alkyl ether or more preferably C2-C8alkyl ether, phenyl or phenyl-alkyl or more preferably phenylC0-C8alkyl, phenyl or phenyl-alkoxy or more preferably phenylC0-C8alkoxy, mono- or di-alkyl amino or mono- and di-alkylamino alkyl or more preferably mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC0-C6alkyl, alkylsulfonate or more preferably —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl and heterocycle or heterocycle-alkyl or more preferably (4- to 7-membered heterocycle)(C0-C8alkyl); each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, amino, cyano, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, hydroxyC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, and mono- and di-(C1-C4alkyl)amino.

[0038] Within further aspects, compounds provided herein are 2-hydroxyalkyl-quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues of Formula II: 4embedded image

[0039] or pharmaceutically acceptable forms thereof, wherein X, W, Y, Z, R5, R6, R7, n, Ar1 and Ar2 are as described for Formula I.

[0040] Within still further aspects, compounds provided herein are 2-aminoalkyl-quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues of Formula III: 5embedded image

[0041] or pharmaceutically acceptable forms thereof, wherein X, W, Y, Z, R3, R4, R5, R6, n, Ar1 and Ar2 are as described for Formula I.

[0042] Within certain aspects, VR1 modulators as described herein exhibit a Ki of no greater than 1 micromolar, 100 nanomolar, 50 nanomolar, 10 nanomolar or 1 nanomolar in a capsaicin receptor binding assay and/or have an EC50 or IC50 value of no greater than 1 micromolar, 100 nanomolar, 50 nanomolar, 10 nanomolar or 1 nanomolar in an assay for determination of capsaicin receptor antagonist activity.

[0043] In certain embodiments, VR1 modulators as described herein are VR1 antagonists and exhibit no detectable agonist activity in an in vitro assay of capsaicin receptor activation.

[0044] Within certain aspects, VR1 modulators and pharmaceutically acceptable forms thereof as described herein are labeled with a detectable marker (e.g., radiolabeled or fluorescein conjugated).

[0045] The present invention further provides, within other aspects, pharmaceutical compositions comprising at least one VR1 modulator as described herein (i.e., a compound as provided herein or a pharmaceutically acceptable form thereof) in combination with a physiologically acceptable carrier or excipient.

[0046] Within further aspects, methods are provided for reducing calcium conductance of a cellular capsaicin receptor, comprising contacting a cell (e.g., neuronal) expressing a capsaicin receptor with a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of at least one VR1 modulator as described herein. Such contact may occur in vivo or in vitro.

[0047] Methods are further provided for inhibiting binding of vanilloid ligand to a capsaicin receptor. Within certain such aspects, the inhibition takes place in vitro. Such methods comprise contacting a capsaicin receptor with at least one VR1 modulator as described herein, under conditions and in an amount sufficient to detectably inhibit vanilloid ligand binding to the capsaicin receptor. Within other such aspects, the capsaicin receptor is in a patient. Such methods comprise contacting cells expressing a capsaicin receptor in a patient with at least one VR1 modulator as described herein in an amount sufficient to detectably inhibit vanilloid ligand binding to cells expressing a cloned capsaicin receptor in vitro, and thereby inhibiting binding of vanilloid ligand to the capsaicin receptor in the patient.

[0048] The present invention further provides methods for treating a condition responsive to capsaicin receptor modulation in a patient, comprising administering to the patient a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of at least one VR1 modulator as described herein.

[0049] Within other aspects, methods are provided for treating pain in a patient, comprising administering to a patient suffering from pain a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of at least one VR1 modulator as described herein.

[0050] Methods are further provided for treating itch, urinary incontinence, cough and/or hiccup in a patient, comprising administering to a patient suffering from one or more of the foregoing conditions a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of at least one VR1 modulator as described herein.

[0051] The present invention further provides methods for promoting weight loss in an obese patient, comprising administering to an obese patient a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of at least one VR1 modulator as described herein.

[0052] Within further aspects, the present invention provides methods for determining the presence or absence of capsaicin receptor in a sample, comprising: (a) contacting a sample with a VR1 modulator as described herein under conditions that permit binding of the VR1 modulator to capsaicin receptor; and (b) detecting a level of the VR1 modulator bound to capsaicin receptor.

[0053] The present invention also provides packaged pharmaceutical preparations, comprising: (a) a pharmaceutical composition as described herein in a container; and (b) instructions for using the composition to treat one or more conditions responsive to capsaicin receptor modulation, such as pain, itch, urinary incontinence, cough, hiccup, and/or obesity.

[0054] In yet another aspect, the invention provides methods of preparing the compounds disclosed herein, including the intermediates.

[0055] These and other aspects of the present invention will become apparent upon reference to the following detailed description.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0056] As noted above, the present invention provides 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues which are capsaicin receptor modulators. Such modulators may be used in vitro or in vivo, to modulate capsaicin receptor activity in a variety of contexts.

[0057] Terminology

[0058] Compounds are generally described herein using standard nomenclature. For compounds having asymmetric centers, it should be understood that (unless otherwise specified) all of the optical isomers and mixtures thereof are encompassed. In addition, compounds with carbon-carbon double bonds may occur in Z- and E-forms, with all isomeric forms of the compounds being included in the present invention unless otherwise specified. Where a compound exists in various tautomeric forms, a recited compound is not limited to any one specific tautomer, but rather is intended to encompass all tautomeric forms. Certain compounds are described herein using a general formula that includes variables (e.g., R2, Ar1, Y, Z). Unless otherwise specified, each variable within such a formula is defined independently of any other variable, and any variable that occurs more than one time in a formula is defined independently at each occurrence.

[0059] The term “2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogue” is used herein to refer to all compounds that satisfy one or more of Formulas I, II and III, including any enantiomers, racemates and stereoisomers, as well as all pharmaceutically acceptable forms of such compounds. The terms “2-hydroxyalkyl-quinazolin-4-ylamine analogue” and “2-aminoalkyl-quinazolin-4-ylamine analogue,” as used herein, encompass all compounds of Formula II or Formula III, respectively, including any enantiomers, racemates and stereoisomers, as well as all pharmaceutically acceptable forms of such compounds. 2-Substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues include compounds in which the bicyclic core (which comprises V, X, W, Y and Z) is modified in the number and/or placement of ring nitrogen atoms, as well as analogues in which varied substituents, as described in more detail below, are attached to such a core structure. In other words, compounds that are substituted quinoline-4-ylamines, quinoline-2-ylamines, quinazoline-4-ylamines (as well as analogues of the foregoing in which one or more of W, Y and Z are nitrogen, such as pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-4-ylamines, pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamines, [1,8]naphthyridin-4-ylamines and [1,6]naphthyridin-5-ylamines) are within the scope of 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues.

[0060] “Pharmaceutically acceptable forms” of the compounds recited herein are pharmaceutically acceptable salts, hydrates, solvates, crystal forms, polymorphs, chelates, non-covalent complexes, esters, clathrates and prodrugs of such compounds. As used herein, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt is an acid or base salt that is generally considered in the art to be suitable for use in contact with the tissues of human beings or animals without excessive toxicity, irritation, allergic response, or other problem or complication. Such salts include mineral and organic acid salts of basic residues such as amines, as well as alkali or organic salts of acidic residues such as carboxylic acids. Specific pharmaceutical salts include, but are not limited to, salts of acids such as hydrochloric, phosphoric, hydrobromic, malic, glycolic, fumaric, sulfuric, sulfamic, sulfanilic, formic, toluenesulfonic, methanesulfonic, benzene sulfonic, ethane disulfonic, 2-hydroxyethylsulfonic, nitric, benzoic, 2-acetoxybenzoic, citric, tartaric, lactic, stearic, salicylic, glutamic, ascorbic, pamoic, succinic, fumaric, maleic, propionic, hydroxymaleic, hydroiodic, phenylacetic, alkanoic such as acetic, HOOC—(CH2)n—COOH where n is 0-4, and the like. Similarly, pharmaceutically acceptable cations include, but are not limited to sodium, potassium, calcium, aluminum, lithium and ammonium. Those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize further pharmaceutically acceptable salts for the compounds provided herein, including those listed by Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17th ed., Mack Publishing Company, Easton, Pa., p. 1418 (1985). In general, a pharmaceutically acceptable acid or base salt can be synthesized from a parent compound that contains a basic or acidic moiety by any conventional chemical method. Briefly, such salts can be prepared by reacting the free acid or base forms of these compounds with a stoichiometric amount of the appropriate base or acid in water or in an organic solvent, or in a mixture of the two; generally, the use of nonaqueous media, such as ether, ethyl acetate, ethanol, isopropanol or acetonitrile, is preferred.

[0061] A “prodrug” is a compound that may not fully satisfy the structural requirements of the compounds provided herein, but is modified in vivo, following administration to a patient, to produce a compound of Formula I, II or III. For example, a prodrug may be an acylated derivative of a compound as provided herein. Prodrugs include compounds wherein hydroxy, amine or sulfhydryl groups are bonded to any group that, when administered to a mammalian subject, cleaves to form a free hydroxyl, amino, or sulfhydryl group, respectively. Examples of prodrugs include, but are not limited to, acetate, formate and benzoate derivatives of alcohol and amine functional groups within the compounds provided herein. Prodrugs of the compounds provided herein may be prepared by modifying functional groups present in the compounds in such a way that the modifications are cleaved to the parent compounds.

[0062] As used herein, the term “alkyl” refers to a straight chain, branched chain or cyclic saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon. An alkyl group may be bonded to an atom within a molecule of interest via any chemically suitable portion. Alkyl groups include groups having from 1 to 8 carbon atoms (C1-C8alkyl), from 1 to 6 carbon atoms (C1-C6alkyl) and from 1 to 4 carbon atoms (C1-C4alkyl), such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, 2-pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, hexyl, 2-hexyl, 3-hexyl, 3-methylpentyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopropylmethyl, cyclopentyl, cyclopentylmethyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl and norbornyl. “C0-C4alkyl” refers to a bond or an alkyl group having 1, 2, 3 or 4 carbon atoms; “C0-C6alkyl” refers to a bond or a C1-C6alkyl group; “C0-C8alkyl” refers to a bond or a C1-C8alkyl group. In certain embodiments, preferred alkyl groups are straight or branched chain. In some instances herein, a substituent of an alkyl group is specifically indicated. For example, “cyanoC1-C4alkyl” refers to a C1-C4alkyl group that has a CN substituent. One representative branched cyanoalkyl group is —C(CH3)2CN.

[0063] Similarly, “alkenyl” refers to straight or branched chain alkene groups or cycloalkene groups, in which at least one unsaturated carbon-carbon double bond is present. Alkenyl groups include C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C6alkenyl and C2-C4alkenyl groups, which have from 2 to 8, 2 to 6 or 2 to 4 carbon atoms, respectively, such as ethenyl, allyl or isopropenyl. “Alkynyl” refers to straight or branched chain alkyne groups, which have one or more unsaturated carbon-carbon bonds, at least one of which is a triple bond. Alkynyl groups include C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C6alkynyl and C2-C4alkynyl groups, which have from 2 to 8, 2 to 6 or 2 to 4 carbon atoms, respectively. In certain embodiments, preferred alkenyl and alkynyl groups are straight or branched chain.

[0064] By “alkoxy,” as used herein, is meant an alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group as described above attached via an oxygen bridge. Alkoxy groups include C1-C8alkoxy, C1-C6alkoxy and C1-C4alkoxy groups, which have from 1 to 8, 1 to 6 or 1 to 4 carbon atoms, respectively. Alkoxy groups include, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy, n-pentoxy, 2-pentoxy, 3-pentoxy, isopentoxy, neopentoxy, hexoxy, 2-hexoxy, 3-hexoxy, and 3-methylpentoxy. Similarly, “alkylthio” refers to an alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group as described above attached via a sulfur bridge. Preferred alkoxy and alkylthio groups are those in which an alkyl group is attached via the heteroatom bridge.

[0065] The term “alkanoyl” refers to an acyl group in a linear, branched or cyclic arrangement (e.g., —(C═O)-alkyl). Alkanoyl groups include C2-C8alkanoyl, C2-C6alkanoyl and C2-C4alkanoyl groups, which have from 2 to 8, 2 to 6 or 2 to 4 carbon atoms, respectively. “C1alkanoyl” refers to —(C═O)—H, which (along with C2-C8alkanoyl) is encompassed by the term “C1-C8alkanoyl.”

[0066] An “alkanone” is a ketone group in which carbon atoms are in a linear, branched or cyclic alkyl arrangement. “C3-C8alkanone,” “C3-C6alkanone” and “C3-C4alkanone” refer to an alkanone having from 3 to 8, 6 or 4 carbon atoms, respectively. By way of example, a C3 alkanone group has the structure —CH2—(C═O)—CH3.

[0067] Similarly, “alkyl ether” refers to a linear or branched ether substituent linked via a carbon-carbon bond. Alkyl ether groups include C2-C8alkyl ether, C2-C6alkyl ether and C2-C4alkyl ether groups, which have 2 to 8, 6 or 4 carbon atoms, respectively. By way of example, a C2 alkyl ether group has the structure —CH2—O—CH3. A representative branced alkyl ether substituent is —C(CH3)2CH2—O—CH3.

[0068] The term “alkoxycarbonyl” refers to an alkoxy group linked via a carbonyl (i.e., a group having the general structure —C(═O)—O-alkyl). Alkoxycarbonyl groups include C2-C8, C2-C6 and C2-C4alkoxycarbonyl groups, which have from 2 to 8, 6 or 4 carbon atoms, respectively. “C1alkoxycarbonyl” refers to —C(═O)—OH, which is encompassed by the term “C1-C8alkoxycarbonyl.”

[0069] “Alkanoyloxy,” as used herein, refers to an alkanoyl group linked via an oxygen bridge (i.e., a group having the general structure —O—C(═O)-alkyl). Alkanoyloxy groups include C2-C8, C2-C6 and C2-C4alkanoyloxy groups, which have from 2 to 8, 6 or 4 carbon atoms, respectively.

[0070] “Alkylamino” refers to a secondary or tertiary amine having the general structure —NH-alkyl or —N(alkyl)(alkyl), wherein each alkyl may be the same or different. Such groups include, for example, mono- and di-(C1-C8alkyl)amino groups, in which each alkyl may be the same or different and may contain from 1 to 8 carbon atoms, as well as mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino groups and mono- and di-(C1-C4alkyl)amino groups.

[0071] “Alkylaminoalkyl” refers to an alkylamino group linked via an alkyl group (i.e., a group having the general structure -alkyl-NH-alkyl or -alkyl-N(alkyl)(alkyl)) in which each alkyl is selected independently. Such groups include, for example, mono- and di-(C1-C8alkyl)aminoC1-C8alkyl, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC1-C6alkyl and mono- and di-(C1-C4alkyl)aminoC1-C4alkyl, in which each alkyl may be the same or different. “Mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC0-C6alkyl” refers to a mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino group linked via a direct bond or a C1-C6alkyl group. The following are representative alkylaminoalkyl groups: 6embedded image

[0072] The term “aminocarbonyl” refers to an amide group (i.e., —(C═O)NH2). “Mono- or di-(C1-C8alkyl)aminocarbonyl” is an aminocarbonyl group in which one or both of the hydrogen atoms is replaced with C1-C8alkyl. If both hydrogen atoms are so replaced, the C1-C8alkyl groups may be the same or different.

[0073] The term “halogen” refers to fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.

[0074] A “haloalkyl” is a branched, straight-chain or cyclic alkyl group, substituted with 1 or more halogen atoms (e.g., “haloC1-C8alkyl” groups have from 1 to 8 carbon atoms; “haloC1-C6alkyl” groups have from 1 to 6 carbon atoms). Examples of haloalkyl groups include, but are not limited to, mono-, di- or tri-fluoromethyl; mono-, di- or tri-chloromethyl; mono-, di-, tri-, tetra- or penta-fluoroethyl; mono-, di-, tri-, tetra- or penta-chloroethyl; and 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-trifluoromethyl-ethyl. Typical haloalkyl groups are trifluoromethyl and difluoromethyl. The term “haloalkoxy” refers to a haloalkyl group as defined above attached via an oxygen bridge. “HaloC1-C8alkoxy” groups have 1 to 8 carbon atoms.

[0075] A dash (“-”) that is not between two letters or symbols is used to indicate a point of attachment for a substituent. For example, —CONH2 is attached through the carbon atom.

[0076] A “heteroatom,” as used herein, is oxygen, sulfur or nitrogen.

[0077] A “carbocycle” or “carbocyclic group” comprises at least one ring formed entirely by carbon-carbon bonds (referred to herein as a carbocyclic ring), and does not contain a heterocyclic ring. Unless otherwise specified, each carbocyclic ring within a carbocycle may be saturated, partially saturated or aromatic. A carbocycle generally has from 1 to 3 fused, pendant or spiro rings; carbocycles within certain embodiments have one ring or two fused rings. Typically, each ring contains from 3 to 8 ring members (i.e., C3-C8); C5-C7 rings are recited in certain embodiments. Carbocycles comprising fused, pendant or spiro rings typically contain from 9 to 14 ring members. Certain representative carbocycles are cycloalkyl (i.e., groups that comprise saturated and/or partially saturated rings, such as cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, adamantyl, decahydro-naphthalenyl, octahydro-indenyl, and partially saturated variants of any of the foregoing, such as cyclohexenyl). Other carbocycles are aryl (i.e., contain at least one aromatic carbocyclic ring). Such carbocycles include, for example, phenyl, naphthyl, fluorenyl, indanyl and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-naphthyl.

[0078] Certain carbocycles recited herein are C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl groups (i.e., groups in which a carbocyclic group comprising at least one aromatic ring is linked via a direct bond or a C1-C8alkyl group). Such groups include, for example, phenyl and indanyl, as well as groups in which either of the foregoing is linked via C1-C8alkyl, preferably via C1-C4alkyl. Phenyl groups linked via a direct bond or alkyl group may be designated phenylC0-C8alkyl (e.g., benzyl, 1-phenyl-ethyl, 1-phenyl-propyl and 2-phenyl-ethyl). A phenylC0-C8alkoxy group is a phenyl ring linked via an oxygen bridge or an alkoxy group having from 1 to 8 carbon atoms (e.g., phenoxy or benzoxy).

[0079] A “heterocycle” or “heterocyclic group” has from 1 to 3 fused, pendant or spiro rings, at least one of which is a heterocyclic ring (i.e., one or more ring atoms is a heteroatom, with the remaining ring atoms being carbon). Typically, a heterocyclic ring comprises 1, 2, 3 or 4 heteroatoms; within certain embodiments each heterocyclic ring has 1 or 2 heteroatoms per ring. Each heterocyclic ring generally contains from 3 to 8 ring members (rings having from 4 or 5 to 7 ring members are recited in certain embodiments) and heterocycles comprising fused, pendant or spiro rings typically contain from 9 to 14 ring members. Certain heterocycles comprise a sulfur atom as a ring member; in certain embodiments, the sulfur atom is oxidized to SO or SO2. Heterocycles may be optionally substituted with a variety of substituents, as indicated. Unless otherwise specified, a heterocycle may be a heterocycloalkyl group (i.e., each ring is saturated or partially saturated) or a heteroaryl group (i.e., at least one ring within the group is aromatic). A heterocyclic group may generally be linked via any ring or substituent atom, provided that a stable compound results. N-linked heterocyclic groups are linked via a component nitrogen atom.

[0080] Heterocyclic groups include, for example, azepanyl, azocinyl, benzimidazolyl, benzimidazolinyl, benzisothiazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, benzofuranyl, benzothiofuranyl, benzoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benztetrazolyl, chromanyl, chromenyl, cinnolinyl, decahydroquinolinyl, dihydrofuro[2,3-b]tetrahydrofuranyl, dihydroisoquinolinyl, dihydrotetrahydrofuranyl, 1,4-dioxa-8-aza-spiro[4.5]decyl, dithiazinyl, furanyl, furazanyl, imidazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, imidazolyl, indazolyl, indolenyl, indolinyl, indolizinyl, indolyl, isobenzofuranyl, isochromanyl, isoindazolyl, isoindolinyl, isoindolyl, isothiazolyl, isoxazolyl, isoquinolinyl, morpholinyl, naphthyridinyl, octahydroisoquinolinyl, oxadiazolyl, oxazolidinyl, oxazolyl, phthalazinyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, piperidinyl, piperidonyl, pteridinyl, purinyl, pyranyl, pyrazinyl, pyrazolidinyl, pyrazolinyl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyridoimidazolyl, pyridooxazolyl, pyridothiazolyl, pyridyl, pyrimidyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyrrolidonyl, pyrrolinyl, pyrrolyl, quinazolinyl, quinolinyl, quinoxalinyl, quinuclidinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl, tetrazolyl, thiadiazinyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolyl, thienothiazolyl, thienooxazolyl, thienoimidazolyl, thienyl, thiophenyl, thiomorpholinyl and variants thereof in which the sulfur atom is oxidized, triazinyl, and any of the foregoing that are substituted with from 1 to 4 substituents as described above.

[0081] A “heterocycleC0-C8alkyl” is a heterocyclic group linked via a direct bond or C1-C8alkyl group. A (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl is a heterocyclic group having from 5 to 10 ring members linked via a direct bond or an alkyl group having from 1 to 8 carbon atoms. If the heterocycle is heteroaryl, the group is designated (5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)C0-C8alkyl. A (5- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl is a 5- to 7-membered heterocyclic ring linked via a bond or a C1-C8alkyl group; a (4- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl is a 4- to 7-membered heterocyclic-ring linked via a bond or a C1-C8alkyl group.

[0082] Certain heterocyclic groups are 4- to 10-membered, 5- to 10-membered, 3- to 7-membered, 4- to 7-membered or 5- to 7-membered groups that contain 1 heterocyclic ring or 2 fused or spiro rings, optionally substituted. 4- to 10-membered heterocycloalkyl groups include, for example, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, pyrrolidinyl, azepanyl, 1,4-dioxa-8-aza-spiro[4.5]dec-8-yl, morpholino, thiomorpholino and 1,1-dioxo-thiomorpholin-4-yl. Such groups may be substituted as indicated. Representative aromatic heterocycles are azocinyl, pyridyl, pyrimidyl, imidazolyl, tetrazolyl and 3,4-dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-2-yl.

[0083] A “substituent,” as used herein, refers to a molecular moiety that is covalently bonded to an atom within a molecule of interest. For example, a ring substituent may be a moiety such as a halogen, alkyl group, haloalkyl group or other group discussed herein that is covalently bonded to an atom (preferably a carbon or nitrogen atom) that is a ring member. The term “substitution” refers to replacing a hydrogen atom in a molecular structure with a substituent as described above, such that the valence on the designated atom is not exceeded, and such that a chemically stable compound (i.e., a compound that can be isolated, characterized, and tested for biological activity) results from the substitution.

[0084] Groups that are “optionally substituted” are unsubstituted or are substituted by other than hydrogen at one or more available positions, typically 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 positions, by one or more suitable groups (which may be the same or different). Such optional substituents include, for example, hydroxy, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C1-C8alkoxy, C2-C8alkyl ether, C3-C8alkanone, C1-C8alkylthio, amino, mono- or di-(C1-C8alkyl)amino, haloC1-C8alkyl, haloC1-C8alkoxy, C1-C8alkanoyl, C2-C8alkanoyloxy, C1-C8alkoxycarbonyl, —COOH, —CONH2, mono- or di-(C1-C8alkyl)aminocarbonyl, —SO2NH2, and/or mono or di(C1-C8alkyl)sulfonamido, as well as carbocyclic and heterocyclic groups. Optional substitution is also indicated by the phrase “substituted with from 0 to X substituents,” where X is the maximum number of possible substituents. Certain optionally substituted groups are substituted with from 0 to 2, 3 or 4 independently selected substituents (i.e., are unsubstituted or substituted with up to the recited maximum number of substitutents).

[0085] The terms “VR1” and “capsaicin receptor” are used interchangeably herein to refer to a type 1 vanilloid receptor. Unless otherwise specified, these terms encompass both rat and human VR1 receptors (e.g., GenBank Accession Numbers AF327067, AJ277028 and NM018727; sequences of certain human VR1 cDNAs are provided in SEQ ID NOs:1-3, and the encoded amino acid sequences shown in SEQ ID NOs:4 and 5, of U.S. Pat. No. 6,482,611), as well as homologs thereof found in other species.

[0086] A “VR1 modulator,” also referred to herein as a “modulator,” is a compound that modulates VR1 activation and/or VR1-mediated signal transduction. VR1 modulators specifically provided herein are compounds of Formula I and pharmaceutically acceptable forms of compounds of Formula I. A VR1 modulator may be a VR1 agonist or antagonist. A modulator binds with “high affinity” if the Ki at VR1 is less than 1 micromolar, preferably less than 100 nanomolar, 10 nanomolar or 1 nanomolar. A representative assay for determining Ki at VR1 is provided in Example 5, herein.

[0087] A modulator is considered an “antagonist” if it detectably inhibits vanilloid ligand binding to VR1 and/or VR1-mediated signal transduction (using, for example, the representative assay provided in Example 6); in general, such an antagonist inhibits VR1 activation with a IC50 value of less than 1 micromolar, preferably less than 100 nanomolar, and more preferably less than 10 nanomolar or 1 nanomolar within the assay provided in Example 6. VR1 antagonists include neutral antagonists and inverse agonists. In certain embodiments, capsaicin receptor antagonists provided herein are not vanilloids.

[0088] An “inverse agonist”of VR1 is a compound that reduces the activity of VR1 below its basal activity level in the absence of added vanilloid ligand. Inverse agonists of VR1 may also inhibit the activity of vanilloid ligand at VR1, and/or may also inhibit binding of vanilloid ligand to VR1. The ability of a compound to inhibit the binding of vanilloid ligand to VR1 may be measured by a binding assay, such as the binding assay given in Example 5. The basal activity of VR1, as well as the reduction in VR1 activity due to the presence of VR1 antagonist, may be determined from a calcium mobilization assay, such as the assay of Example 6.

[0089] A “neutral antagonist” of VR1 is a compound that inhibits the activity of vanilloid ligand at VR1, but does not significantly change the basal activity of the receptor (i.e., within a calcium mobilization assay as described in Example 6 performed in the absence of vanilloid ligand, VR1 activity is reduced by no more than 10%, more preferably by no more than 5%, and even more preferably by no more than 2%; most preferably, there is no detectable reduction in activity). Neutral antagonists of VR1 may inhibit the binding of vanilloid ligand to VR1.

[0090] As used herein a “capsaicin receptor agonist” or “VR1 agonist” is a compound that elevates the activity of the receptor above the basal activity level of the receptor (i.e., enhances VR1 activation and/or VR1-mediated signal transduction). Capsaicin receptor agonist activity may be identified using the representative assay provided in Example 6. In general, such an agonist has an EC50 value of less than 1 micromolar, preferably less than 100 nanomolar, and more preferably less than 10 nanomolar within the assay provided in Example 6. In certain embodiments, capsaicin receptor agonists provided herein are not vanilloids.

[0091] A “vanilloid” is capsaicin or any capsaicin analogue that comprises a phenyl ring with two oxygen atoms bound to adjacent ring carbon atoms (one of which carbon atom is located para to the point of attachment of a third moiety that is bound to the phenyl ring). A vanilloid is a “vanilloid ligand” if it binds to VR1 with a Ki (determined as described herein) that is no greater than 10 μM. Vanilloid ligand agonists include capsaicin, olvanil, N-arachidonoyl-dopamine and resiniferatoxin (RTX). Vanilloid ligand antagonists include capsazepine and iodo-resiniferatoxin.

[0092] A “capsaicin receptor modulatory amount” is an amount that, upon administration to a patient, achieves a concentration of VR1 modulator at a capsaicin receptor within the patient that is sufficient to alter the binding of vanilloid ligand to VR1 in vitro (using the assay provided in Example 5) and/or VR1-mediated signal transduction (using an assay provided in Example 6). The capsaicin receptor may be present, or example, in a body fluid such as blood, plasma, serum, CSF, synovial fluid, lymph, cellular interstitial fluid, tears or urine.

[0093] A “therapeutically effective amount” is an amount that, upon administration, is sufficient to provide detectable patient relief from a condition being treated. Such relief may be detected using any appropriate criteria, including alleviation of one or more symptoms such as pain.

[0094] A “patient” is any individual treated with a VR1 modulator as provided herein. Patients include humans, as well as other animals such as companion animals (e.g., dogs and cats) and livestock. Patients may be experiencing one or more symptoms of a condition responsive to capsaicin receptor modulation (e.g., pain, exposure to vanilloid ligand, itch, urinary incontinence, respiratory disorders, cough and/or hiccup), or may be free of such symptom(s) (i.e., treatment may be prophylactic).

[0095] VR1 Modulators

[0096] As noted above, the present invention provides VR1 modulators that may be used in a variety of contexts, including in the treatment of pain (e.g., neuropathic or peripheral nerve-mediated pain); exposure to capsaicin; exposure to acid, heat, light, tear gas air pollutants, pepper spray or related agents; respiratory conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; itch; urinary incontinence; cough or hiccup; and/or obesity. VR1 modulators may also be used within in vitro assays (e.g., assays for receptor activity), as probes for detection and localization of VR1 and as standards in ligand binding and VR1-mediated signal transduction assays.

[0097] VR1 modulators provided herein are 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues that detectably modulate the binding of capsaicin to VR1 at nanomolar (i.e., submicromolar) concentrations, preferably at subnanomolar concentrations, more preferably at concentrations below 100 picomolar, 20 picomolar, 10 picomolar or 5 picomolar. Such modulators are preferably not vanilloids. Certain preferred modulators are VR1 antagonists and have no detectable agonist activity in the assay described in Example 6. Preferred VR1 modulators further bind with high affinity to VR1, and do not substantially inhibit activity of human EGF receptor tyrosine kinase.

[0098] As noted above, X, V, W, Y and Z are each independently N or CR1, with at least one of X and V being N, and R1 is as described above. In certain embodiments, no more than 2 of W, Y and Z are N, and each R1 is hydrogen. Representative 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues include, but are not limited to, compounds in which W is CH and X, V, Y and Z are as indicated for any one of the embodiments listed in Table I. 1

TABLE I
Representative Quinazoline-4-ylamine Analogue Core Structures
XVYZ
CHNCHCH
NCHCHCH
NNCHCH
CHNNCH
NCHNCH
NNNCH
CHNCHN
NCHCHN
NNCHN
CHNNN
NCHNN
NNNN

[0099] In certain embodiments of Formula I and Formula II, R7 is (i) hydrogen or (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C2-C8alkanoyl, C3-C8alkanone, C2-C8alkyl ether C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl, or (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb. Within other embodiments, R7 is (i) hydrogen or (ii) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, C2-C6alkanoyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC1-C6alkyl, phenylC0-C4alkyl, 5- or 6-membered heteroarylC0-C4alkyl, or 5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkylC0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, amino, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and haloC1-C4alkoxy. Representative R7 groups include C1-C4alkyl, C2-C4alkyl ether, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)aminoC1-C6alkyl, 6-membered heterocycles and benzyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen and C1-C4alkyl.

[0100] Alternatively, R7 may be taken together with an R5 or R6 group (along with the O to which R7 is bound and any carbon atoms between the O and R5 or R6) to form an optionally substituted heterocycle, such as a 4- to 10-membered mono- or bi-cyclic group. The resulting heterocycle may, for example, be substituted with from 0 to 4 (e.g., 0, 1 or 2) substituents independently chosen from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkoxy, C1-C4alkanoyl, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl, heterocycleC0-C8alkyl and heterocycleC1-C8alkoxycarbonyl.

[0101] Within certain embodiments, R3 and R4 of Formulas I and III are each independently selected from (i) hydrogen; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl, C3-C8alkanone, C1-C8alkanoyl, C2-C8alkyl ether, C6-C10arylC0-C8alkyl, (5- to 10-membered heterocycle)C0-C8alkyl and —(SO2)C1-C8alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently chosen from Rb. Within other embodiments, R3 and R4 are each independently selected from (i) hydrogen and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, phenylC0-C4alkyl, indanylC0-C4alkyl, 5- to 6-membered heteroarylC0-C4alkyl and (5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl)C0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy and haloC1-C6alkoxy. Representative R3 and R4 groups include hydrogen,C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, (5- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, indanyl, benzyl, 1-phenyl-ethyl, 1-phenyl-propyl and 2-phenyl-ethyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen and C1-C4alkyl. For example, at least one of R3 and R4 may be pyridylC0-C4alkyl, pyrimidylC0-C4alkyl, imidazolylC0-C4alkyl or tetrazolylC0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents. Preferably, at least one of R3 and R4 is not hydrogen. In certain embodiments, compounds of Formula I and III are not [2-pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine.

[0102] Within other embodiments, R3 and/or R4 of Formulas I and III may form an optionally substituted heterocycle. For example, R3 and R4 may be taken together to form, with the N to which they are bound, an optionally substituted heterocycle; or one of R3 and R4 may be taken together with an R5 or R6 moiety (along with the N to which R3 and R4 are bound and any carbon atoms located between the N and the linked R5 or R6) to from an optionally substituted heterocycle. In either case, the resulting heterocycle may be, for example, a 4-, 5- or 6- to 10-membered, mono- or bi-cyclic group substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents (e.g., from 1 to 4 substituents or 0, 1 or 2 substituents). In certain embodiments, each substituent is independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkoxy, C1-C4alkanoyl, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl and (4- to 10-membered)heterocycleC0-C8alkyl. In certain embodiments, each substituent, if any, is a lower alkyl group such as methyl or ethyl.

[0103] A heterocyclic group that comprises R3 and/or R4 may be an optionally substituted heteroaryl or heterocycloalkyl group. Such heterocyclic groups include, for example, azepane, azocine, benzimidazoline, benzimidazole, benzotriazole, cinnoline, decahydroquinoline, dihydroisoquinoline, 1,4-dioxa-8-aza-spiro[4.5]decane, imidazole, imidazolidine, imidazoline, indazole, indoline, indole, isoquinoline, quinoxaline, morpholine, naphthyridine, octahydroquinoline, phthalazine, piperazine, piperidine, pteridine, purine, pyridazine, pyrazolidine, pyrazoline, pyrrolidine, pyrroline, quinoline, quinoxaline, quinazoline, tetrahydroisoquinoline, tetrahydroquinoline, thiomorpholine or thiomorpholine 1,1-dioxide. One suitable heteroaryl group is 3,4-dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-2-yl.

[0104] Within certain compounds of Formulas I-III, R5 and R6 are independently (at each occurrence) hydrogen or optionally substituted C1-C6alkyl or C1-C4alkyl; in addition, or alternatively, any R5 or R6 may be taken together with any other R5 or R6 to form an optionally substituted 5- to 7-membered cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl, or (as discussed above) taken together with R7, R3 or R4 to form an optionally substituted heterocycle. Preferably, no more than one R5 or 6-moiety is taken together with another group to form a carbocycle or heterocycle. In certain compounds, one R5 or R6 is hydrogen or methyl and the other(s) are hydrogen. In further compounds, each R5 and R6 is hydrogen. The variable n is generally 1, 2 or 3; in certain compounds n is 1. In other compounds of Formulas I-III, n is chosen from 2 and 3.

[0105] Within certain embodiments of Formulas I-III, Ar1 and Ar2 are independently selected from optionally substituted phenyl and optionally substituted 5- to 7-membered heterocycles. For example, Ar1 and Ar2 may be independently selected from phenyl and 6-membered aromatic heterocycles, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents. Substituents of Ar1 and Ar2 are generally groups of the formula LRa, in which L is a bond, O, S(O)m (i.e., 7embedded image

[0106] and Ra is as described above. If L is a bond, Ra is linked directly to a ring atom of Ar1 or Ar2; otherwise, L is located between a ring atom and Ra. It will be apparent that L is generally a bond if Ra is halogen, cyano or nitro. In the structural drawings of L moieties shown above, the bond on the left side is attached to the ring atom and the bond on the right is attached to Ra.

[0107] In certain embodiments, Ar1 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents as described above; preferably such substituents, if any, are independently selected from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy and haloC1-C6alkoxy. For example, Ar1 may contain one substituent selected from halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, haloC1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkoxy. If one or more Ar1 substituents is present, at least one such substituent is preferably located in the ortho position (e.g., Ar1 may be phenyl substituted at the 2-position, or pyridin-2-yl substituted at the 3-position). Ar1 groups include, but are not limited to, pyridin-2-yl, 3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl, 3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl, 3-halo-pyridin-2-yl, phenyl, 2-methyl-phenyl, 3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl and 3-halo-phenyl.

[0108] Ar2 groups include, but are not limited to, phenyl, pyridyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl and thiadiazolyl, each of which is optionally substituted as described above. Preferred Ar2 groups are phenyl, pyridyl, isoxazolyl, thiadiazolyl and pyrazolyl, each of which is optionally substituted as described above. Within certain embodiments, Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents as described above.

[0109] Optional substituents on the foregoing Ar2 groups are preferably independently chosen from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C2-C6alkyl ether, C1-C6alkanoyl, —(SO2)Rd, —N(Rx)S(O)mRd, and —N[S(Om)Rx]S(O)mRd; wherein m is 1 or 2, Rx is hydrogen or C1-C6alkyl, and Rd is C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, amino, mono- or di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino or a 5- to 10-membered, N-linked heterocyclic group, each of which Rd is substituted with from 0 to 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and haloC1-C4alkoxy. Certain substituents of Ar2 (e.g., when Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl) are independently chosen from halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, nitro, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C4alkyl ether, C1-C4alkanoyl and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd or —SO2N(Rx)—Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C6alkyl or haloC1-C6alkyl. For example, each substituent is, in certain embodiments, independently chosen from halogen, C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, cyano and groups of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl. Certain Ar2 groups have 1 or 2 substituents independently chosen from halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl.

[0110] In certain embodiments, one Ar2 substituent is located in the para position of a 6-membered Ar2. Optional Ar2 substituents are as described above and include, for example, groups in which Ra is independently selected at each occurrence from: (i) hydrogen, halogen, cyano and nitro; and (ii) C1-C8alkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-C8alkynyl and 4- to 10-membered heterocycles, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C6alkyl and haloC1-C6alkyl. Preferred Ra moieties include halogen, hydroxy, cyano, amino, mono- and di-(C1-C6alkyl)amino, C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, C1-C6alkoxy, haloC1-C6alkoxy, C2-C6alkyl ether, C1-C6alkanoyl, —(SO2)Ra, —NRxS(O)m, and —N(S(O)m)2; wherein m is 1 or 2, Rx is hydrogen or C1-C6alkyl, and Ra is C1-C6alkyl, haloC1-C6alkyl, or a 5- to 10-membered, N-linked heterocyclic group, each of which Ra is substituted with from 0 to 4 substituents as described for Formula 1. Preferred Ar2 substituents include C1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl and groups of the formula ‘3(SO2)Ra, wherein Ra is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl.

[0111] Certain preferred Ar2 groups are phenyl, pyridin-2-yl and pyridin-3-yl, each of which is substituted at the para-position with halogen, cyano, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl, methanesulfonyl, ethanesulfonyl, propanesulfonyl, propane-2-sulfonyl, trifluoromethanesulfonyl or 2,2,2-trifluoroethanesulfonyl. The term “para-position” is used herein to refer to the position on a 6-membered Ar2 group that is para to the point of attachment to the core of the molecule. In other words, if Ar2 is phenyl, the 4-position is the para-position; if Ar2 is pyridin-2-yl, the 5-position is the para-position; and if Ar2 is pyridin-3-yl, the 6-position is the para-position. Additional substitutions, not at the para position, may also be present on certain preferred Ar2 groups—preferably no more than 2 additional substitutions, and more preferably 0 or 1 additional substitution.

[0112] Certain compounds provided herein satisfy one or more of subformulas Ia-Ic, lIa-IId and IIIa-IIId, in which A, B and C are independently N or CH, and other variables are as described above for Formulas I-III or preferred embodiments thereof. X, in certain embodiments, is N or CH. (LRa)1-3 indicates 1, 2 or 3 ring substituents independently chosen from LRa as described above; (LRa)0-2 indicates 0, 1 or 2 ring substituents (in addition to the substituent shown at the para position) independently chosen from LRa as described above. 8embedded image 9embedded image 10embedded image

[0113] In certain compounds of the above subformulas, Y and Z are independently CH or N. In further compounds of Formulas Ia, IIb and IIIb, Ar1 is pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; Ar2 is phenyl or pyridyl, unsubstituted or substituted with C1-C4alkyl, cyanoC1-C4alkyl, haloC1-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether or a group of the formula —(SO2)Rd, wherein Rd is C1-C4alkyl or haloC1-C4alkyl; and R5 and R6 are independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C4alkyl. In certain compounds of Formulas IIa-IIe, R7 is (a) hydrogen; or (b) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl or phenylC0-C4alkyl, each of which is substituted with 0, 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl. In certain compounds of Formulas IIIa-IIIe, R3 and R4 are (a) independently selected from: (i) hydrogen; and (ii) C1-C6alkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, (5- to 7-membered heterocycle)C0-C4alkyl, C2-C6alkyl ether, indanyl, benzyl, 1-phenyl-ethyl, 1-phenyl-propyl and 2-phenyl-ethyl, each of which is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl; or (b) taken together to form a 5- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl that is substituted with from 0 to 3 substituents independently selected from hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C4alkyl and haloC1-C4alkyl. In Formulas IIc-IIe and IIIc-IIIe, R6 is preferably hydrogen or methyl.

[0114] In certain embodiments of the invention, preferred compounds of Formula III and subformulas thereof (e.g., IIIa-IIIe) include those compounds in which at least one of R5 and R6 is not hydrogen when n is 1.

[0115] Representative compounds of Formulas I-III, and subformulas thereof, include, but are not limited to, those specifically described in Examples 1-3. It will be apparent that the specific compounds recited therein are representative only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Further, as noted above, all compounds of the present invention may be present as a pharmaceutically acceptable form, such as a hydrate or acid addition salt.

[0116] 2-Substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues provided herein detectably alter (modulate) VR1 activity, as determined using an in vitro VR1 ligand binding assay and/or a functional assay such as a calcium mobilization assay, dorsal root ganglion assay or in vivo pain relief assay. References herein to a “VR1 ligand binding assay” are intended to refer to a standard in vitro receptor binding assay such as that provided in Example 5, and a “calcium mobilization assay” (also referred to herein as a “signal transduction assay”) may be performed as described in Example 6. Briefly, to assess binding to VR1, a competition assay may be performed in which a VR1 preparation is incubated with labeled (e.g., 125I or 3H) compound that binds to VR1 (e.g., a capsaicin receptor agonist such as RTX) and unlabeled test compound. Within the assays provided herein, the VR1 used is preferably mammalian VR1, more preferably human or rat VR1. The receptor may be recombinantly expressed or naturally expressed. The VR1 preparation may be, for example, a membrane preparation from HEK293 or CHO cells that recombinantly express human VR1. Incubation with a compound that detectably modulates vanilloid ligand binding to VR1 results in a decrease or increase in the amount of label bound to the VR1 preparation, relative to the amount of label bound in the absence of the compound. This decrease or increase may be used to determine the Ki at VR1 as described herein. In general, compounds that decrease the amount of label bound to the VR1 preparation within-such an assay are preferred.

[0117] As noted above, compounds that are VR1 antagonists are preferred within certain embodiments. IC50 values for such compounds may be determined using a standard in vitro VR1-mediated calcium mobilization assay, as provided in Example 6. Briefly, cells expressing capsaicin receptor are contacted with a compound of interest and with an indicator of intracellular calcium concentration (e.g., a membrane permeable calcium sensitivity dye such as Fluo-3 or Fura-2 (both of which are available, for example, from Molecular Probes, Eugene, Oreg.), each of which produce a fluorescent signal when bound to Ca++). Such contact is preferably carried out by one or more incubations of the cells in buffer or culture medium comprising either or both of the compound and the indicator in solution. Contact is maintained for an amount of time sufficient to allow the dye to enter the cells (e.g., 1-2 hours). Cells are washed or filtered to remove excess dye and are then contacted with a vanilloid receptor agonist (e.g., capsaicin, RTX or olvanil), typically at a concentration equal to the EC50 concentration, and a fluorescence response is measured. When agonist-contacted cells are contacted with a compound that is a VR1 antagonist the fluorescence response is generally reduced by at least 20%, preferably at least 50% and more preferably at least 80%, as compared to cells that are contacted with the agonist in the absence of test compound. The IC50 for VR1 antagonists provided herein is preferably less than 1 micromolar, less than 100 nM, less than 10 nM or less than 1 nM.

[0118] In other embodiments, compounds that are capsaicin receptor agonists are preferred. Capsaicin receptor agonist activity may generally be determined as described in Example 6. When cells are contacted with 1 micromolar of a compound that is a VR1 agonist, the fluorescence response is generally increased by an amount that is at least 30% of the increase observed when cells are contacted with 100 nM capsaicin. The EC50 for VR1 agonists provided herein is preferably less than 1 micromolar, less than 100 nM or less than 10 nM.

[0119] VR1 modulating activity may also, or alternatively, be assessed using a cultured dorsal root ganglion assay as provided in Example 9 and/or an in vivo pain relief assay as provided in Example 10. Compounds provided herein preferably have a statistically significant specific effect on VR1 activity within one or more functional assays provided herein.

[0120] Within certain embodiments, VR1 modulators provided herein do not substantially modulate ligand binding to other cell surface receptors, such as EGF receptor tyrosine kinase or the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. In other words, such modulators do not substantially inhibit activity of a cell surface receptor such as the human epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase or the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (e.g., the IC50 or IC40 at such a receptor is preferably greater than 1 micromolar, and most preferably greater than 10 micromolar). Preferably, a modulator does not detectably inhibit EGF receptor activity or nicotinic acetylcholine receptor activity at a concentration of 0.5 micromolar, 1 micromolar or more preferably 10 micromolar. Assays for determining cell surface receptor activity are commercially available, and include the tyrosine kinase assay kits available from Panvera (Madison, Wis.).

[0121] Preferred VR1 modulators provided herein are non-sedating. In other words, a dose of VR1 modulator that is twice the minimum dose sufficient to provide analgesia in an animal model for determining pain relief (such as a model provided in Example 10, herein) causes only transient (i.e., lasting for no more than ½ the time that pain relief lasts) or preferably no statistically significant sedation in an animal model assay of sedation (using the method described by Fitzgerald et al. (1988) Toxicology 49(2-3):433-9). Preferably, a dose that is five times the minimum dose sufficient to provide analgesia does not produce statistically significant sedation. More preferably, a VR1 modulator provided herein does not produce sedation at intravenous doses of less than 25 mg/kg (preferably less than 10 mg/kg) or at oral doses of less than 140 mg/kg (preferably less than 50 mg/kg, more preferably less than 30 mg/kg).

[0122] If desired, VR1 modulators provided herein may be evaluated for certain pharmacological properties including, but not limited to, oral bioavailability (preferred compounds are orally bioavailable to an extent allowing for therapeutically effective concentrations of the compound to be achieved at oral doses of less than 140 mg/kg, preferably less than 50 mg/kg, more preferably less than 30 mg/kg, even more preferably less than 10 mg/kg, still more preferably less than 1 mg/kg and most preferably less than 0.1 mg/kg), toxicity (a preferred VR1 modulator is nontoxic when a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount is administered to a subject), side effects (a preferred VR1 modulator produces side effects comparable to placebo when a therapeutically effective amount of the compound is administered to a subject), serum protein binding and in vitro and in vivo half-life (a preferred VR1 modulator exhibits an in vitro half-life that is equal to an in vivo half-life allowing for Q.I.D. dosing, preferably T.I.D. dosing, more preferably B.I.D. dosing, and most preferably once-a-day dosing). In addition, differential penetration of the blood brain barrier may be desirable for VR1 modulators used to treat pain by modulating CNS VR1 activity such that total daily oral doses as described above provide such modulation to a therapeutically effective extent, while low brain levels of VR1 modulators used to treat peripheral nerve mediated pain may be preferred (i.e., such doses do not provide brain (e.g., CSF) levels of the compound sufficient to significantly modulate VR1 activity). Routine assays that are well known in the art may be used to assess these properties, and identify superior compounds for a particular use. For example, assays used to predict bioavailability include transport across human intestinal cell monolayers, including Caco-2 cell monolayers. Penetration of the blood brain barrier of a compound in humans may be predicted from the brain levels of the compound in laboratory animals given the compound (e.g., intravenously). Serum protein binding may be predicted from albumin binding assays. Compound half-life is inversely proportional to the frequency of dosage of a compound. In vitro half-lives of compounds may be predicted from assays of microsomal half-life as described within Example 7, herein.

[0123] As noted above, preferred VR1 modulators provided herein are nontoxic. In general, the term “nontoxic” as used herein shall be understood in a relative sense and is intended to refer to any substance that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for administration to mammals (preferably humans) or, in keeping with established criteria, is susceptible to approval by the FDA for administration to mammals (preferably humans). In addition, a highly preferred nontoxic compound generally satisfies one or more of the following criteria: (1) does not substantially inhibit cellular ATP production; (2) does not significantly prolong heart QT intervals; (3) does not cause substantial liver enlargement, and (4) does not cause substantial release of liver enzymes.

[0124] As used herein, a VR1 modulator that “does not substantially inhibit cellular ATP production” is a compound that satisfies the criteria set forth in Example 8, herein. In other words, cells treated as described in Example 8 with 100 μM of such a compound exhibit ATP levels that are at least 50% of the ATP levels detected in untreated cells. In more highly preferred embodiments, such cells exhibit ATP levels that are at least 80% of the ATP levels detected in untreated cells.

[0125] A VR1 modulator that “does not significantly prolong heart QT intervals” is a compound that does not result in a statistically significant prolongation of heart QT intervals (as determined by electrocardiography) in guinea pigs, minipigs or dogs upon administration of twice the minimum dose yielding a therapeutically effective in vivo concentration. In certain preferred embodiments, a dose of 0.01, 0.05. 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 40 or 50 mg/kg administered parenterally or orally does not result in a statistically significant prolongation of heart QT intervals. By “statistically significant” is meant results varying from control at the p<0.1 level or more preferably at the p<0.05 level of significance as measured using a standard parametric assay of statistical significance such as a student's T test.

[0126] A VR1 modulator “does not cause substantial liver enlargement” if daily treatment of laboratory rodents (e.g., mice or rats) for 5-10 days with twice the minimum dose that yields a therapeutically effective in vivo concentration results in an increase in liver to body weight ratio that is no more than 100% over matched controls. In more highly preferred embodiments, such doses do not cause liver enlargement of more than 75% or 50% over matched controls. If non-rodent mammals (e.g., dogs) are used, such doses should not result in an increase of liver to body weight ratio of more than 50%, preferably not more than 25%, and more preferably not more than 10% over matched untreated controls. Preferred doses within such assays include 0.01, 0.05. 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 40 or 50 mg/kg administered parenterally or orally.

[0127] Similarly, a VR1 modulator “does not promote substantial release of liver enzymes” if administration of twice the minimum dose yielding a therapeutically effective in vivo concentration does not elevate serum levels of ALT, LDH or AST in laboratory rodents by more than 100% over matched mock-treated controls. In more highly preferred embodiments, such doses do not elevate such serum levels by more than 75% or 50% over matched controls. Alternatively, a VR1 modulator “does not promote substantial release of liver enzymes” if, in an in vitro hepatocyte assay, concentrations (in culture media or other such solutions that are contacted and incubated with hepatocytes in vitro) equivalent to two-fold the minimum in vivo therapeutic concentration of the compound do not cause detectable release of any of such liver enzymes into culture medium above baseline levels seen in media from matched mock-treated control cells. In more highly preferred embodiments, there is no detectable release of any of such liver enzymes into culture medium above baseline levels when such compound concentrations are five-fold, and preferably ten-fold the minimum in vivo therapeutic concentration of the compound.

[0128] In other embodiments, certain preferred VR1 modulators do not inhibit or induce microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme activities, such as CYP1A2 activity, CYP2A6 activity, CYP2C9 activity, CYP2C19 activity, CYP2D6 activity, CYP2E1 activity or CYP3A4 activity at a concentration equal to the minimum therapeutically effective in vivo concentration.

[0129] Certain preferred VR1 modulators are not clastogenic (e.g., as determined using a mouse erythrocyte precursor cell micronucleus assay, an Ames micronucleus assay, a spiral micronucleus assay or the like) at a concentration equal to the minimum therapeutically effective in vivo concentration. In other embodiments, certain preferred VR1 modulators do not induce sister chromatid exchange (e.g., in Chinese hamster ovary cells) at such concentrations.

[0130] For detection purposes, as discussed in more detail below, VR1 modulators provided herein may be isotopically-labeled or radiolabeled. For example, compounds recited in Formulas I-III may have one or more atoms replaced by an atom of the same element having an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number usually found in nature. Examples of isotopes that can be present in the compounds provided herein include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, fluorine and chlorine, such as 2H, 3H, 11C, 13C, 14C, 15N, 18O, 17O, 31P, 32P, 35S, 18F and 36Cl. In addition, substitution with heavy isotopes such as deuterium (i.e., 2H) can afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, for example increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements and, hence, may be preferred in some circumstances.

[0131] Preparation of VR1 Modulators

[0132] 2-Substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues may generally be prepared using standard synthetic methods. Starting materials are commercially available from suppliers such as Sigma-Aldrich Corp. (St. Louis, Mo.), or may be synthesized from commercially available precursors using established protocols. By way of example, a synthetic route similar to that shown in any of Schemes 1-13 may be used, together with synthetic methods known in the art of synthetic organic chemistry, or variations thereon as appreciated by those skilled in the art. Variables in the following schemes refer to any group consistent with at least one of Formulas I-III herein. Where a structure contains more than one variable “R,” each R is selected independently of any other R group(s).

[0133] In the Schemes that follow, the term “activate” refers to a synthetic transformation in which a carbonyl of an amide moiety is converted to a suitable leaving group (L). Such a transformation can be used to prepare compounds of general structure 1I (Scheme 1), 2G (Scheme 2), 3G and 3L (Scheme 3), 4C (Scheme 4), 5F (Scheme 5), 7H (Scheme 7), 10H (Scheme 10), 12I (Scheme 12) and 13I (Scheme 13). Reagents suitable for carrying out this transformation are well known to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis and include, but are not limited to, SOCl2, POCl3 and triflic anhydride.

[0134] The term “catalyst” refers to a suitable transition metal catalyst such as, but not limited to, tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) or palladium(II) acetate. In addition, the catalytic systems may include ligands such as, but not limited to, 2-(Dicyclohexylphosphino)biphenyl and tri-tert-butylphosphine, and may also include a base such as K3PO4, Na2CO3 or sodium or potassium tert-butoxide. Transition metal-catalyzed reactions can be carried out at ambient or elevated temperatures using various inert solvents including, but not limited to, toluene, dioxane, DMF, N-methylpyrrolidinone, ethyleneglycol, dimethyl ether, diglyme and acetonitrile. When used in conjunction with suitable metalloaryl reagents, transition metal-catalyzed (hetero)aryl-aryl coupling reactions can be used to prepare the compounds encompassed in general structures 1C (Scheme 1), 2A (Scheme 2), 3D (Scheme 3), 5C (Scheme 5), 6C (Scheme 6), 11D (Scheme 11), 12C (Scheme 12) and 13C (Scheme 13). Commonly employed reagent/catalyst pairs include aryl boronic acid/palladium(0) (Suzuki reaction; Miyaura and Suzuki (1995) Chemical Reviews 95:2457) and aryl trialkylstannane/palladium(0) (Stille reaction; T. N. Mitchell, (1992) Synthesis 9:803-815), arylzinc/palladium(0) and aryl Grignard/nickel(II).

[0135] The term “demethylation” refers to the cleavage of the Me-O bond in a methyl ether functionality as exemplified by the conversion of 3-D to 3-E (Scheme 3). This transformation can be carried out in a variety of ways familiar to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis including, but not limited to, treatment with HBr, treatment with Lewis acid/nucleophile combinations, Trimethylsilyl iodide, etc.

[0136] “Diazotize,” in Scheme 11 refers to the process whereby a primary aromatic amine is converted to a diazonium salt. This transformation is carried out by treating the aromatic amine with nitrous acid which can be generated in a number of ways well known to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis. The diazonium group thus generated can then be replaced by a cyano group upon treatment with CuCN (Sandmeyer reaction) as shown in Scheme 11.

[0137] In Scheme 12, the term “deprotection” refers to the process of cleaving the C—O bond of a benzylic ether to give a “deprotected” alcohol using various methods familiar to those who are skilled in the art of organic synthesis. This is exemplified in Scheme 12 in which compounds of general structure 12I can be converted to deprotected alcohols of general structure 12J. Methods to effect this transformation include, but are not limited to, hydrogenolysis using hydrogen gas and an appropriate catalyst system such as palladium on carbon or Raney nickel. For an overview of protection and deprotection methods as used by those skilled in the art of organic synthesis, see: Greene, T. and Wuts, P. Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, 3rd ed., John Wiley and Sons, 1999.

[0138] The term “hydrolyze” refers to the conversion of a nitrile functionality to an amide functionality by reaction with water. The reaction with water can be catalyzed by a variety of acids or bases well known to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis. This process is exemplified by the conversion of 8-B to 8-C (Scheme 8) and 10-E to 10-F (Scheme 10).

[0139] The term “oxidize” refers to a synthetic transformation wherein a methyl group is converted to a carboxylic acid functionality. Such a transformation can be used to prepare compounds such as 1E, 6D, 12E and 13E (Schemes 1, 6, 12 and 13 respectively). Various reagents familiar to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis may be used to carry out this transformation including, but not limited to, KMnO4 in basic media (e.g., NaOH solution or aqueous pyridine) and K2Cr2O7 in acidic media (e.g., H2SO4).

[0140] The term “reduce” in the following Schemes refers to the process of reducing a nitro functionality to an amino functionality. This transformation can be carried out in a number of ways well known to those skilled in the art of organic synthesis including, but not limited to, catalytic hydrogenation, reduction with SnCl2 and reduction with titanium trichloride. For an overview of reduction methods see: Hudlicky, M. Reductions in Organic Chemistry, ACS Monograph 188, 1996. 11embedded image 12embedded image 13embedded image 14embedded image 15embedded image 16embedded image 17embedded image 18embedded image 19embedded image 20embedded image 21embedded image 22embedded image 23embedded image 24embedded image 25embedded image 26embedded image 27embedded image 28embedded image

[0141] In certain embodiments, a VR1 modulator may contain one or more asymmetric carbon atoms, so that the compound can exist in different stereoisometric forms. Such forms can be, for example, racemates or optically active forms. As noted above, all stereoisomers are encompassed by the present invention. Nonetheless, it may be desirable to obtain single enantiomers (i.e., optically active forms). Standard methods for preparing single enantiomers include asymmetric synthesis and resolution of the racemates. Resolution of the racemates can be accomplished, for example, by conventional methods such as crystallization in the presence of a resolving agent, or chromatography using, for example a chiral HPLC column.

[0142] Compounds may be radiolabeled by carrying out their synthesis using precursors comprising at least one atom that is a radioisotope. Each radioisotope is preferably carbon (e.g., 14C), hydrogen (e.g., 3H), sulfur (e.g., 35S), or iodine (e.g., 251I). Tritium labeled compounds may also be prepared catalytically via platinum-catalyzed exchange in tritiated acetic acid, acid-catalyzed exchange in tritiated trifluoroacetic acid, or heterogeneous-catalyzed exchange with tritium gas using the compound as substrate. In addition, certain precursors may be subjected to tritium-halogen exchange with tritium gas, tritium gas reduction of unsaturated bonds, or reduction using sodium borotritide, as appropriate. Preparation of radiolabeled compounds may be conveniently performed by a radioisotope supplier specializing in custom synthesis of radiolabeled probe compounds.

[0143] Pharmaceutical Compositions

[0144] The present invention also provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising one or more VR1 modulators, together with at least one physiologically acceptable carrier or excipient. Pharmaceutical compositions may comprise, for example, one or more of water, buffers (e.g., neutral buffered saline or phosphate buffered saline), ethanol, mineral oil, vegetable oil, dimethylsulfoxide, carbohydrates (e.g., glucose, mannose, sucrose or dextrans), mannitol, proteins, adjuvants, polypeptides or amino acids such as glycine, antioxidants, chelating agents such as EDTA or glutathione and/or preservatives. In addition, other active ingredients may (but need not) be included in the pharmaceutical compositions provided herein.

[0145] Pharmaceutical compositions may be formulated for any appropriate manner of administration, including, for example, topical, oral, nasal, rectal or parenteral administration. The term parenteral as used herein includes subcutaneous, intradermal, intravascular (e.g., intravenous), intramuscular, spinal, intracranial, intrathecal and intraperitoneal injection, as well as any similar injection or infusion technique. In certain embodiments, compositions suitable for oral use are preferred. Such compositions include, for example, tablets, troches, lozenges, aqueous or oily suspensions, dispersible powders or granules, emulsion, hard or soft capsules, or syrups or elixirs. Within yet other embodiments, compositions of the present invention may be formulated as a lyophilizate. Formulation for topical administration may be preferred for certain conditions (e.g., in the treatment of skin conditions such as burns or itch). Formulation for direct administration into the bladder (intravesicular administration) may be preferred for treatment of urinary incontinence.

[0146] Compositions intended for oral use may further comprise one or more components such as sweetening agents, flavoring agents, coloring agents and/or preserving agents in order to provide appealing and palatable preparations. Tablets contain the active ingredient in admixture with physiologically acceptable excipients that are suitable for the manufacture of tablets. Such excipients include, for example, inert diluents (e.g., calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate, lactose, calcium phosphate or sodium phosphate), granulating and disintegrating agents (e.g., corn starch or alginic acid), binding agents (e.g., starch, gelatin or acacia) and lubricating agents (e.g., magnesium stearate, stearic acid or talc). The tablets may be uncoated or they may be coated by known techniques to delay disintegration and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and thereby provide a sustained action over a longer period. For example, a time delay material such as glyceryl monosterate or glyceryl distearate may be employed.

[0147] Formulations for oral use may also be presented as hard gelatin capsules wherein the active ingredient is mixed with an inert solid diluent (e.g., calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate or kaolin), or as soft gelatin capsules wherein the active ingredient is mixed with water or an oil medium (e.g., peanut oil, liquid paraffin or olive oil).

[0148] Aqueous suspensions contain the active material(s) in admixture with excipients suitable for the manufacture of aqueous suspensions. Such excipients include suspending agents (e.g., sodium carboxymethylcellulose, methylcellulose, hydropropylmethylcellulose, sodium alginate, polyvinylpyrrolidone, gum tragacanth and gum acacia); and dispersing or wetting agents (e.g., naturally-occurring phosphatides such as lecithin, condensation products of an alkylene oxide with fatty acids such as polyoxyethylene stearate, condensation products of ethylene oxide with long chain aliphatic alcohols such as heptadecaethyleneoxycetanol, condensation products of ethylene oxide with partial esters derived from fatty acids and a hexitol such as polyoxyethylene sorbitol monooleate, or condensation products of ethylene oxide with partial esters derived from fatty acids and hexitol anhydrides such as polyethylene sorbitan monooleate). Aqueous suspensions may also comprise one or more preservatives, for example ethyl, or n-propyl p-hydroxybenzoate, one or more coloring agents, one or more flavoring agents, and one or more sweetening agents, such as sucrose or saccharin.

[0149] Oily suspensions may be formulated by suspending the active ingredient(s) in a vegetable oil (e.g., arachis oil, olive oil, sesame oil or coconut oil) or in a mineral oil such as liquid paraffin. The oily suspensions may contain a thickening agent such as beeswax, hard paraffin or cetyl alcohol. Sweetening agents such as those set forth above, and/or flavoring agents may be added to provide palatable oral preparations. Such suspensions may be preserved by the addition of an anti-oxidant such as ascorbic acid.

[0150] Dispersible powders and granules suitable for preparation of an aqueous suspension by the addition of water provide the active ingredient in admixture with a dispersing or wetting agent, suspending agent and one or more preservatives. Suitable dispersing or wetting agents and suspending agents are exemplified by those already mentioned above. Additional excipients, such as sweetening, flavoring and coloring agents, may also be present.

[0151] Pharmaceutical compositions may also be formulated as oil-in-water emulsions. The oily phase may be a vegetable oil (e.g., olive oil or arachis oil), a mineral oil (e.g., liquid paraffin) or a mixture thereof. Suitable emulsifying agents include naturally-occurring gums (e.g., gum acacia or gum tragacanth), naturally-occurring phosphatides (e.g., soy bean lecithin, and esters or partial esters derived from fatty acids and hexitol), anhydrides (e.g., sorbitan monoleate) and condensation products of partial esters derived from fatty acids and hexitol with ethylene oxide (e.g., polyoxyethylene sorbitan monoleate). An emulsion may also comprise one or more sweetening and/or flavoring agents.

[0152] Syrups and elixirs may be formulated with sweetening agents, such as glycerol, propylene glycol, sorbitol or sucrose. Such formulations may also comprise one or more demulcents, preservatives, flavoring agents and/or coloring agents.

[0153] Formulations for topical administration typically comprise a topical vehicle combined with active agent(s), with or without additional optional components. Suitable topical vehicles and additional components are well known in the art, and it will be apparent that the choice of a vehicle will depend on the particular physical form and mode of delivery. Topical vehicles include water; organic solvents such as alcohols (e.g., ethanol or isopropyl alcohol) or glycerin; glycols (e.g., butylene, isoprene or propylene glycol); aliphatic alcohols (e.g., lanolin); mixtures of water and organic solvents and mixtures of organic solvents such as alcohol and glycerin; lipid-based materials such as fatty acids, acylglycerols (including oils, such as mineral oil, and fats of natural or synthetic origin), phosphoglycerides, sphingolipids and waxes; protein-based materials such as collagen and gelatin; silicone-based materials (both non-volatile and volatile); and hydrocarbon-based materials such as microsponges and polymer matrices. A composition may further include one or more components adapted to improve the stability or effectiveness of the applied formulation, such as stabilizing, agents, suspending agents, emulsifying agents, viscosity adjusters, gelling agents, preservatives, antioxidants, skin penetration enhancers, moisturizers and sustained release materials. Examples of such components are described in Martindale—The Extra Pharmacopoeia (Pharmaceutical Press, London 1993) and Martin (ed.), Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences. Formulations may comprise microcapsules, such as hydroxymethylcellulose or gelatin-microcapsules, liposomes, albumin microspheres, microemulsions, nanoparticles or nanocapsules.

[0154] A topical formulation may be prepared in a variety of physical forms including, for example, solids, pastes, creams, foams, lotions, gels, powders, aqueous liquids and emulsions. The physical appearance and viscosity of such pharmaceutically acceptable forms can be governed by the presence and amount of emulsifier(s) and viscosity adjuster(s) present in the formulation. Solids are generally firm and non-pourable and commonly are formulated as bars or sticks, or in particulate form; solids can be opaque or transparent, and optionally can contain solvents, emulsifiers, moisturizers, emollients, fragrances, dyes/colorants, preservatives and other active ingredients that increase or enhance the efficacy of the final product. Creams and lotions are often similar to one another, differing mainly in their viscosity; both lotions and creams may be opaque, translucent or clear and often contain emulsifiers, solvents, and viscosity adjusting agents, as well as moisturizers, emollients, fragrances, dyes/colorants, preservatives and other active ingredients that increase or enhance the efficacy of the final product. Gels can be prepared with a range of viscosities, from thick or high viscosity to thin or low viscosity. These formulations, like those of lotions and creams, may also contain solvents, emulsifiers, moisturizers, emollients, fragrances, dyes/colorants, preservatives and other active ingredients that increase or enhance the efficacy of the final product. Liquids are thinner than creams, lotions, or gels and often do not contain emulsifiers. Liquid topical products often contain solvents, emulsifiers, moisturizers, emollients, fragrances, dyes/colorants, preservatives and other active ingredients that increase or enhance the efficacy of the final product.

[0155] Suitable emulsifiers for use in topical formulations include, but are not limited to, ionic emulsifiers, cetearyl alcohol, non-ionic emulsifiers like polyoxyethylene oleyl ether, PEG-40 stearate, ceteareth-12, ceteareth-20, ceteareth-30, ceteareth alcohol, PEG-100 stearate and glyceryl stearate. Suitable viscosity adjusting agents include, but are not limited to, protective colloids or non-ionic gums such as hydroxyethylcellulose, xanthan gum, magnesium aluminum silicate, silica, microcrystalline wax, beeswax, paraffin, and cetyl palmitate. A gel composition may be formed by the addition of a gelling agent such as chitosan, methyl cellulose, ethyl cellulose, polyvinyl alcohol, polyquaterniums, hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, carbomer or ammoniated glycyrrhizinate. Suitable surfactants include, but are not limited to, nonionic, amphoteric, ionic and anionic surfactants. For example, one or more of dimethicone copolyol, polysorbate 20, polysorbate 40, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 80, lauramide DEA, cocamide DEA, and cocamide MEA, oleyl betaine, cocamidopropyl phosphatidyl PG-dimonium chloride, and ammonium laureth sulfate may be used within topical formulations. Suitable preservatives include, but are not limited to, antimicrobials such as methylparaben, propylparaben, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, and formaldehyde, as well as physical stabilizers and antioxidants such as vitamin E, sodium ascorbate/ascorbic acid and propyl gallate. Suitable moisturizers include, but are not limited to, lactic acid and other hydroxy acids and their salts, glycerin, propylene glycol, and butylene glycol. Suitable emollients include lanolin alcohol, lanolin, lanolin derivatives, cholesterol, petrolatum, isostearyl neopentanoate and mineral oils. Suitable fragrances and colors include, but are not limited to, FD&C Red No. 40 and FD&C Yellow No. 5. Other suitable additional ingredients that may be included a topical formulation include, but are not limited to, abrasives, absorbents, anti-caking agents, anti-foaming agents, anti-static agents, astringents (e.g., witch hazel, alcohol and herbal extracts such as chamomile extract), binders/excipients, buffering agents, chelating agents, film forming agents, conditioning agents, propellants, opacifying agents, pH adjusters and protectants.

[0156] An example of a suitable topical vehicle for formulation of a gel is: hydroxypropylcellulose (2.1%); 70/30 isopropyl alcohol/water (90.9%); propylene glycol (5.1%); and Polysorbate 80 (1.9%). An example of a suitable topical vehicle for formulation as a foam is: cetyl alcohol (1.1%); stearyl alcohol (0.5%; Quaternium 52 (1.0%); propylene glycol (2.0%); Ethanol 95-PGF3 (61.05%); deionized water (30.05%); P75 hydrocarbon propellant (4.30%). All percents are by weight.

[0157] Typical modes of delivery for topical compositions include application using the fingers; application using a physical applicator such as a cloth, tissue, swab, stick or brush; spraying (including mist, aerosol or foam spraying); dropper application; sprinkling; soaking; and rinsing. Controlled release vehicles can also be used.

[0158] A pharmaceutical composition may be prepared as a sterile injectible aqueous or oleaginous suspension. The modulator, depending on the vehicle and concentration used, can either be suspended or dissolved in the vehicle. Such a composition may be formulated according to the known art using suitable dispersing, wetting agents and/or suspending agents such as those mentioned above. Among the acceptable vehicles and solvents that may be employed are water, 1,3-butanediol, Ringer's solution and isotonic sodium chloride solution. In addition, sterile, fixed oils may be employed as a solvent or suspending medium. For this purpose any bland fixed oil may be employed, including synthetic mono- or diglycerides. In addition, fatty acids such as oleic acid find use in the preparation of injectible compositions, and adjuvants such as local anesthetics, preservatives and/or buffering agents can be dissolved in the vehicle.

[0159] Modulators may also be formulated as suppositories (e.g., for rectal administration). Such compositions can be prepared by mixing the drug with a suitable non-irritating excipient that is solid at ordinary temperatures but liquid at the rectal temperature and will therefore melt in the rectum to release the drug. Suitable excipients include, for example, cocoa butter and polyethylene glycols.

[0160] Pharmaceutical compositions may be formulated as sustained release formulations (i.e., a formulation such as a capsule that effects a slow release of modulator following administration). Such formulations may generally be prepared using well known technology and administered by, for example, oral, rectal or subcutaneous implantation, or by implantation at the desired target site. Carriers for use within such formulations are biocompatible, and may also be biodegradable; preferably the formulation provides a relatively constant level of modulator release. The amount of modulator contained within a sustained release formulation depends upon, for example, the site of implantation, the rate and expected duration of release and the nature of the condition to be treated or prevented.

[0161] In addition to or together with the above modes of administration, a modulator may be conveniently added to food or drinking water (e.g., for administration to non-human animals including companion animals (such as dogs and cats) and livestock). Animal feed and drinking water compositions may be formulated so that the animal takes in an appropriate quantity of the composition along with its diet. It may also be convenient to present the composition as a premix for addition to feed or drinking water.

[0162] Modulators are generally administered in a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount, and preferably a therapeutically effective amount. Preferred systemic doses are no higher than 50 mg per kilogram of body weight per day (e.g., ranging from about 0.001 mg to about 50 mg per kilogram of body weight per day), with oral doses generally being about 5-20 fold higher than intravenous doses (e.g., ranging from 0.01 to 40 mg per kilogram of body weight per day).

[0163] The amount of active ingredient that may be combined with the carrier materials to produce a single dosage unit will vary depending, for example, upon the patient being treated and the particular mode of administration. Dosage units will generally contain between from about 10 μg to about 500 mg of an active ingredient. Optimal dosages may be established using routine testing, and procedures that are well known in the art.

[0164] Pharmaceutical compositions may be packaged for treating conditions responsive to VR1 modulation (e.g., treatment of exposure to vanilloid ligand, pain, itch, obesity or urinary incontinence). Packaged pharmaceutical compositions may include a container holding a therapeutically effective amount of at least one VR1 modulator as described herein and instructions (e.g., labeling) indicating that the contained composition is to be used for treating a condition responsive to VR1 modulation in the patient.

[0165] Methods for Use

[0166] VR1 modulators provided herein may be used to alter activity and/or activation of capsaicin receptors in a variety of contexts, both in vitro and in vivo. Within certain aspects, VR1 antagonists may be used to inhibit the binding of vanilloid ligand agonist (such as capsaicin and/or RTX) to capsaicin receptor in vitro or in vivo. In general, such methods comprise the step of contacting a capsaicin receptor with a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of one or more 2-substituted quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues, or pharmaceutically acceptable forms thereof, in the presence of vanilloid ligand in aqueous solution and under conditions otherwise suitable for binding of the ligand to capsaicin receptor. The capsaicin receptor may be present in solution or suspension (e.g., in an isolated membrane or cell preparation), or in a cultured or isolated cell. Within certain embodiments, the capsaicin receptor is expressed by a neuronal cell present in a patient, and the aqueous solution is a body fluid. Preferably, one or more VR1 modulators are administered to an animal in an amount such that the analogue is present in at least one body fluid of the animal at a therapeutically effective concentration that is 1 micromolar or less; preferably 500 nanomolar or less; more preferably 100 nanomolar or less, 50 nanomolar or less, 20 nanomolar or less, or 10 nanomolar or less. For example, such compounds may be administered at a dose that is less than 20 mg/kg body weight, preferably less than 5 mg/kg and, in some instances, less than 1 mg/kg.

[0167] Also provided herein are methods for modulating, preferably inhibiting, the signal-transducing activity of a capsaicin receptor. Such modulation may be achieved by contacting a capsaicin receptor (either in vitro or in vivo) with a capsaicin receptor modulatory amount of one or more VR1 modulators provided herein under conditions suitable for binding of the modulator(s) to the receptor. The receptor may be present in solution or suspension, in a cultured or isolated cell preparation or within a patient. Modulation of signal tranducing activity may be assessed by detecting an effect on calcium ion conductance (also referred to as calcium mobilization or flux). Modulation of signal transducing activity may alternatively be assessed by detecting an alteration of a symptom (e.g., pain, burning sensation, broncho-constriction, inflammation, cough, hiccup, itch, and urinary incontinence) of a patient being treated with one or more VR1 modulators provided herein.

[0168] VR1 modulator(s) provided herein are preferably administered to a patient (e.g., a human) orally or topically, and are present within at least one body fluid of the animal while modulating VR1 signal-transducing activity. Preferred VR1 modulators for use in such methods modulate VR1 signal-transducing activity in vitro at a concentration of 1 nanomolar or less, preferably 100 picomolar or less, more preferably 20 picomolar or less, and in vivo at a concentration of 1 micromolar or less, 500 nanomolar or less, or 100 nanomolar or less in a body fluid such as blood.

[0169] The present invention further provides methods for treating conditions responsive to VR1 modulation. Within the context of the present invention, the term “treatment” encompasses both disease-modifying treatment and symptomatic treatment, either of which may be prophylactic (i.e., before the onset of symptoms, in order to prevent, delay or reduce the severity of symptoms) or therapeutic (i.e., after the onset of symptoms, in order to reduce the severity and/or duration of symptoms). A condition is “responsive to VR1 modulation” if it is characterized by inappropriate activity of a capsaicin receptor, regardless of the amount of vanilloid ligand present locally, and/or if modulation of capsaicin receptor activity results in alleviation of the condition or a symptom thereof. Such conditions include, for example, symptoms resulting from exposure to VR1-activating stimuli, pain, respiratory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, itch, urinary incontinence, cough, hiccup, and obesity, as described in more detail below. Such conditions may be diagnosed and monitored using criteria that have been established in the art. Patients may include humans, domesticated companion animals and livestock, with dosages as described above.

[0170] Treatment regimens may vary depending on the compound used and the particular condition to be treated. However, for treatment of most disorders, a frequency of administration of 4 times daily or less is preferred. In general, a dosage regimen of 2 times daily is more preferred, with once a day dosing particularly preferred. For the treatment of acute pain, a single dose that rapidly reaches effective concentrations is desirable. It will be understood, however, that the specific dose level and treatment regimen for any particular patient will depend upon a variety of factors including the activity of the specific compound employed, the age, body weight, general health, sex, diet, time of administration, route of administration, and rate of excretion, drug combination and the severity of the particular disease undergoing therapy. In general, the use of the minimum dose sufficient to provide effective therapy is preferred. Patients may generally be monitored for therapeutic effectiveness using medical or veterinary criteria suitable for the condition being treated or prevented.

[0171] Patients experiencing symptoms resulting from exposure to capsaicin receptor-activating stimuli include individuals with burns caused by heat, light, tear gas or acid and those whose mucous membranes are exposed (e.g., via ingestion, inhalation or eye contact) to capsaicin (e.g., from hot peppers or in pepper spray) or a related irritant such as acid, tear gas or air pollutants. The resulting symptoms (which may be treated using VR1 modulators, especially antagonists, provided herein) may include, for example, pain, broncho-constriction and inflammation.

[0172] Pain that may be treated using the VR1 modulators provided herein may be chronic or acute and includes, but is not limited to, peripheral nerve-mediated pain (especially neuropathic pain). Compounds provided herein may be used in the treatment of, for example, postmastectomy pain syndrome, stump pain, phantom limb pain, oral neuropathic pain, toothache (dental pain), denture pain, postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, trigeminal neuralgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, Guillain-Barre syndrome, meralgia paresthetica, burning-mouth syndrome and/or bilateral peripheral neuropathy. Additional neuropathic pain conditions include causalgia (reflex sympathetic dystrophy—RSD, secondary to injury of a peripheral nerve), neuritis (including, for example, sciatic neuritis, peripheral neuritis, polyneuritis, optic neuritis, postfebrile neuritis, migrating neuritis, segmental neuritis and Gombault's neuritis), neuronitis, neuralgias (e.g., those mentioned above, cervicobrachial neuralgia, cranial neuralgia, geniculate neuralgia, glossopharyngial neuralgia, migranous neuralgia, idiopathic neuralgia, intercostals neuralgia, mammary neuralgia, mandibular joint neuralgia, Morton's neuralgia, nasociliary neuralgia, occipital neuralgia, red neuralgia, Sluder's neuralgia, splenopalatine neuralgia, supraorbital neuralgia and vidian neuralgia), surgery-related pain, musculoskeletal pain, AIDS-related neuropathy, MS-related neuropathy, and spinal cord injury-related pain. Headache, including headaches involving peripheral nerve activity, such as sinus, cluster (i.e., migranous neuralgia) and some tension headaches and migraine, may also be treated as described herein. For example, migraine headaches may be prevented by administration of a compound provided herein as soon as a pre-migrainous aura is experienced by the patient. Further pain conditions that can be treated as described herein include “burning mouth syndrome,” labor pains, Charcot's pains, intestinal gas pains, menstrual pain, acute and chronic back pain (e.g., lower back pain), hemorrhoidal pain, dyspeptic pains, angina, nerve root pain, homotopic pain and heterotopic pain—including cancer associated pain (e.g., in patients with bone cancer), pain (and inflammation) associated with venom exposure (e.g., due to snake bite, spider bite, or insect sting) and trauma associated pain (e.g., post-surgical pain, pain from cuts, bruises and broken bones, and burn pain). Additional pain conditions that may be treated as described herein include pain associated with inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome and/or inflammatory bowel disease.

[0173] Within certain aspects, VR1 modulators provided herein may be used for the treatment of mechanical pain. As used herein, the term “mechanical pain” refers to pain other than headache pain that is not neuropathic or a result of exposure to heat, cold or external chemical stimuli. Mechanical pain includes physical trauma (other than thermal or chemical burns or other irritating and/or painful exposures to noxious chemicals) such as post-surgical pain and pain from cuts, bruises and broken bones; toothache, denture pain; nerve root pain; osteoartiritis; rheumatoid arthritis; fibromyalgia; meralgia paresthetica; back pain; cancer-associated pain; angina; carpel tunnel syndrome; and pain resulting from bone fracture, labor, hemorrhoids, intestinal gas, dyspepsia, and menstruation.

[0174] Itching conditions that may be treated include psoriatic pruritis, itch due to hemodialysis, aguagenic pruritus, and itching associated with vulvar vestibulitis, contact dermatitis, insect bites and skin allergies. Urinary incontinence, as used herein, includes overactive bladder conditions, detrusor hyperflexia of spinal origin and bladder hypersensitivity, all of which may be treated as described herein. In certain such treatment methods, VR1 modulator is administered via a catheter or similar device, resulting in direct injection of VR1 modulator into the bladder. Compounds provided herein may also be used as anti-tussive agents (to prevent, relieve or suppress coughing) and for the treatment of hiccup, and to promote weight loss in an obese patient.

[0175] Within other aspects, VR1 modulators provided herein may be used within combination therapy for the treatment of conditions involving inflammatory components. Such conditions include, for example, autoimmune disorders and pathologic autoimmune responses known to have an inflammatory component including, but not limited to, arthritis (especially rheumatoid arthritis), psoriasis, Crohn's disease, lupus erythematosus, irritable bowel syndrome, tissue graft rejection, and hyperacute rejection of transplanted organs. Other such conditions include trauma (e.g., injury to the head or spinal cord), cardio- and cerebo-vascular disease and certain infectious diseases.

[0176] Within such combination therapy, a VR1 modulator is administered to a patient along with an anti-inflammatory agent. The VR1 modulator and anti-inflammatory agent may be present in the same pharmaceutical-composition, or may be administered separately in either order. Anti-inflammatory agents include, for example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), non-specific and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) specific cyclooxgenase enzyme inhibitors, gold compounds, corticosteroids, methotrexate, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor antagonists, anti-TNF alpha antibodies, anti-C5 antibodies, and interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonists. Examples of NSAIDs include, but are not limited to ibuprofen (e.g., ADVIL™, MOTRIN™), flurbiprofen (ANSAID™), naproxen or naproxen sodium (e.g., NAPROSYN, ANAPROX, ALEVE™), diclofenac (e.g., CATAFLAM™, VOLTAREN™), combinations of diclofenac sodium and misoprostol (e.g., ARTHROTEC™), sulindac (CLINORIL™), oxaprozin (DAYPRO™), diflunisal (DOLOBID™), piroxicam (FELDENE™), indomethacin (INDOCIN™), etodolac (LODINE™), fenoprofen calcium (NALFON™), ketoprofen (e.g., ORUDIS™, ORUVAIL™), sodium nabumetone (RELAFEN™), sulfasalazine (AZULFIDINE™), tolmetin sodium (TOLECTIN™), and hydroxychloroquine (PLAQUENIL™). A particular class of NSAIDs consists of compounds that inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes, such as celecoxib (CELEBREX™) and rofecoxib (VIOXX™). NSAIDs further include salicylates such as acetylsalicylic acid or aspirin, sodium salicylate, choline and magnesium salicylates (TRILISATE™), and salsalate (DISALCID™), as well as corticosteroids such as cortisone (CORTONE™ acetate), dexamethasone (e.g., DECADRON™), methylprednisolone (MEDROL™) prednisolone (PRELONE™), prednisolone sodium phosphate (PEDIAPRED™), and prednisone (e.g., PREDNICEN-M™, DELTASONE™, STERAPRED™).

[0177] Suitable dosages for VR1 modulator within such combination therapy are generally as described above. Dosages and methods of administration of anti-inflammatory agents can be found, for example, in the manufacturer's instructions in the Physician's Desk Reference. In certain embodiments, the combination administration of a VR1 modulator with an anti-inflammatory agent results in a reduction of the dosage of the anti-inflammatory agent required to produce a therapeutic effect. Thus, preferably, the dosage of anti-inflammatory agent in a combination or combination treatment method of the invention is less than the maximum dose advised by the manufacturer for administration of the anti-inflammatory agent without combination administration of a VR1 antagonist. More preferably this dosage is less than ¾, even more preferably less than ½, and highly preferably, less than ¼ of the maximum dose, while most preferably the dose is less than 10% of the maximum dose advised by the manufacturer for administration of the anti-inflammatory agent(s) when administered without combination administration of a VR1 antagonist. It will be apparent that the dosage amount of VR1 antagonist component of the combination needed to achieve the desired effect may similarly be affected by the dosage amount and potency of the anti-inflammatory agent component of the combination.

[0178] In certain preferred embodiments, the combination administration of a VR1 modulator with an anti-inflammatory agent is accomplished by packaging one or more VR1 modulators and one or more anti-inflammatory agents in the same package, either in separate containers within the package or in the same contained as a mixture of one or more VR1 antagonists and one or more anti-inflammatory agents. Preferred mixtures are formulated for oral administration (e.g., as pills, capsules, tablets or the like). In certain embodiments, the package comprises a label bearing indicia indicating that the one or more VR1 modulators and one or more anti-inflammatory agents are to be taken together for the treatment of an inflammatory pain condition. A highly preferred combination is one in which the anti-inflammatory agent(s) include at least one COX-2 specific cyclooxgenase enzyme inhibitor such as valdecoxib (BEXTRA®), lumiracoxib (PREXIGE™), etoricoxib (ARCOXIA®), celecoxib (CELEBREX®) and/or rofecoxib (VIOXX®).

[0179] Within further aspects, VR1 modulators provided herein may be used in combination with one or more additional pain relief medications. Certain such medications are also anti-inflammatory agents, and are listed above. Other such medications are narcotic analgesic agents, which typically act at one or more opioid receptor subtypes (e.g., μ, κ and/or δ), preferably as agonists or partial agonists. Such agents include opiates, opiate derivatives and opioids, as well as pharmaceutically acceptable salts and hydrates thereof. Specific examples of narcotic analgesics include, within preferred embodiments, alfentanyl, alphaprodine, anileridine, bezitramide, buprenorphine, codeine, diacetyldihydromorphine, diacetylmorphine, dihydrocodeine, diphenoxylate, ethylmorphine, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, isomethadone, levomethorphan, levorphane, levorphanol, meperidine, metazocine, methadone, methorphan, metopon, morphine, opium extracts, opium fluid extracts, powdered opium, granulated opium, raw opium, tincture of opium, oxycodone, oxymorphone, paregoric, pentazocine, pethidine, phenazocine, piminodine, propoxyphene, racemethorphan, racemorphan, thebaine and pharmaceutically acceptable salts and hydrates of the foregoing agents.

[0180] Other examples of narcotic analgesic agents include acetorphine, acetyldihydrocodeine, acetylmethadol, allylprodine, alphracetylmethadol, alphameprodine, alphamethadol, benzethidine, benzylmorphine, betacetylmethadol, betameprodine, betamethadol, betaprodine, butorphanol, clonitazene, codeine methylbromide, codeine-N-oxide, cyprenorphine, desomorphine, dextromoramide, diampromide, diethylthiambutene, dihydromorphine, dimenoxadol, dimepheptanol, dimethylthiamubutene, dioxaphetyl butyrate, dipipatnone, drotebanol, ethanol, ethylmethylthiambutene, etonitazene, etorphine, etoxeridine, furethidine, hydromorphinol, hydroxypethidine, ketobemidone, levomoramide, levophenacylmorphan, methyldesorphine, methyldihydromorphine, morpheridine, morphine methylpromide, morphine methylsulfonate, morphine-N-oxide, myrophin, naloxone, nalbuyphine, naltyhexone, nicocodeine, nicomorphine, noracymethadol, norlevorphanol, normethadone, normorphine, norpipanone, pentazocaine, phenadoxone, phenampromide, phenomorphan, phenoperidine, piritramide, pholcodine, proheptazoine, properidine, propiran, racemoramide, thebacon, trimeperidine and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts and hydrates thereof.

[0181] Further specific representative analgesic agents include, for example: TALWIN® Nx and DEMEROL® (both available from Sanofi Winthrop Pharmaceuticals; New York, N.Y.); LEVO-DROMORAN®; BUPRENEX® (Reckitt & Coleman Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Richmond, Va.); MSIR® (Purdue Pharma L.P.; Norwalk, Conn.); DILAUDID® (Knoll Pharmaceutical Co.; Mount Olive, N.J.); SUBLIMAZE®; SUFENTA® (Janssen Pharmaceutica Inc.; Titusville, N.J.); PERCOCET®, NUBAIN® and NUMORPHAN® (all available from Endo Pharmaceuticals Inc.; Chadds Ford, Pa.) HYDROSTAT® IR, MS/S and MS/L (all available from Richwood Pharmaceutical Co. Inc; Florence, Ky.), ORAMORPH® SR and ROXICODONE® (both available from Roxanne Laboratories; Columbus Ohio) and STADOL® (Bristol-Myers Squibb; New York, N.Y.).

[0182] Suitable dosages for VR1 modulator within such combination therapy are generally as described above. Dosages and methods of administration of other pain relief medications can be found, for example, in the manufacturer's instructions in the Physician's Desk Reference. In certain embodiments, the combination administration of a VR1 modulator with one or more additional pain medications results in a reduction of the dosage of each therapeutic agent required to produce a therapeutic effect (e.g., the dosage or one or both agent may less than ¾, less than ½, less than ¼ or less than 10% of the maximum dose listed above or advised by the manufacturer). In certain preferred embodiments, the combination administration of a VR1 modulator with one or more additional pain relief medications is accomplished by packaging one or more VR1 modulators and one or more additional pain relief medications in the same package, as described above.

[0183] Modulators that are VR1 agonists may further be used, for example, in crowd control (as a substitute for tear gas) or personal protection (e.g., in a spray formulation) or as pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of pain, itch or urinary incontinence via capsaicin receptor desensitization. In general, compounds for use in crowd control or personal protection are formulated and used according to conventional tear gas or pepper spray technology.

[0184] Within separate aspects, the present invention provides a variety of non-pharmaceutical in vitro and in vivo uses for the compounds provided herein. For example, such compounds may be labeled and used as probes for the detection and localization of capsaicin receptor (in samples such as cell preparations or tissue sections, preparations or fractions thereof). Compounds may also be used as positive controls in assays for receptor activity, as standards for determining the ability of a candidate agent to bind to capsaicin receptor, or as radiotracers for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging or for single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). Such methods can be used to characterize capsaicin receptors in living subjects. For example, a VR1 modulator may be labeled using any of a variety of well known techniques (e.g., radiolabeled with a radionuclide such as tritium, as described herein), and incubated with a sample for a suitable incubation time (e.g., determined by first assaying a time course of binding). Following incubation, unbound compound is removed (e.g., by washing), and bound compound detected using any method suitable for the label employed (e.g., autoradiography or scintillation counting for radiolabeled compounds; spectroscopic methods may be used to detect luminescent groups and fluorescent groups). As a control, a matched sample containing labeled compound and a greater (e.g., 10-fold greater) amount of unlabeled compound may be processed in the same manner. A greater amount of detectable label remaining in the test sample than in the control indicates the presence of capsaicin receptor in the sample. Detection assays, including receptor autoradiography (receptor mapping) of capsaicin receptor in cultured cells or tissue samples may be performed as described by Kuhar in sections 8.1.1 to 8.1.9 of Current Protocols in Pharmacology (1998) John Wiley & Sons, New York.

[0185] Modulators provided herein may also be used within a variety of well known cell separation methods. For example, modulators may be linked to the interior surface of a tissue culture plate or other support, for use as affinity ligands for immobilizing and thereby; isolating, capsaicin receptors (e.g., isolating receptor-expressing cells) in vitro. Within one preferred embodiment, a modulator linked to a fluorescent marker, such as fluorescein, is contacted with the cells, which are then analyzed (or isolated) by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS).

[0186] The following Examples are offered by way of illustration and not by way of limitation. Unless otherwise specified all reagents and solvent are of standard commercial grade and are used without further purification. Using routine modifications, the starting materials may be varied and additional steps employed to produce other compounds provided herein.

EXAMPLES

[0187] In the following Examples, mass spectroscopy data is Electrospray MS, obtained in positive ion mode with a 15V or 30V cone voltage, using a Micromass Time-of-Flight LCT, equipped with a Waters 600 pump, Waters 996 photodiode array detector, Gilson 215 autosampler, and a Gilson 841 microinjector. MassLynx (Advanced Chemistry Development, Inc; Toronto, Canada) version 4.0 software was used for data collection and analysis. Sample volume of 1 microliter was injected onto a 50×4.6 mm Chromolith SpeedROD C18 column, and eluted using a 2-phase linear gradient at 6 ml/min flow rate; Sample was detected using total absorbance count over the 220-340 nm UV range. The elution conditions were: Mobile Phase A-95/5/0.05 Water/Methanol/TFA; Mobile Phase B-5/95/0.025 Water/Methanol/TFA. 2

Gradient:
Time(min)% B
010
0.5100
1.2100
1.2110

[0188] The total run time was 2 minutes inject to inject.

[0189] The following abbreviations appear herein: 3

BOPbenzotriazol-1-yl-oxy-tris(dimethylamino)phosphonium
hexafluorophosphate
DCMdichloromethane
DMEethylene glycol dimethyl ether
DMFdimethylformamide
DPPF1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene
EDC11-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride
EtOAcethyl acetate
Pd2(dba)3tris[dibenzylidineacetone]di-palladium
Pd(PPh3)4tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) palladium (0)
THFtetrahydrofuran
TLCthin layer chromatography

Example 1

Preparation of Representative Compounds

[0190] This Example illustrates the preparation of representative substituted 2-hydroxyalkyl-quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues.

A. [2-ISOPROPOXYMETHYL-7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 1)

1. 2-p-tolyl-3-trifluoromethyl-pyridine

[0191] 29embedded image

[0192] To a de-gassed mixture of 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-pyridine (70.1 mmol), p-tolylboronic acid (70.6 mmol), and 2M Na2CO3 (175.0 mmol), in DME (200 mL) under nitrogen add Pd(PPh3)4 (2.8 mmol). Stir the mixture at 80° C. overnight, concentrate, and extract with EtOAc. Dry over Na2SO4, concentrate under vacuum, and pass through a silica gel pad to give 2-p-tolyl-3-trifluoromethyl-pyridine.

2. 2-(4-methyl-3-nitro-phenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-pyridine

[0193] 30embedded image

[0194] To a solution of 2-p-tolyl-3-trifluoromethyl-pyridine (8.4 mmol) in H2SO4 (6 mL) cautiously add fuming HNO3 (2 ml). Stir the mixture for 60 minutes at room temperature. Pour the mixture onto ice-water (30 mL), extract with EtOAc, neutralize with 1 N NaOH, dry over Na2SO4, and concentrate under vacuum to obtain 2-(4-methyl-3-nitro-phenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-pyridine.

3. 2-nitro-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzoic acid

[0195] 31embedded image

[0196] To a solution of 2-(4-methyl-3-nitro-phenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-pyridine (7.1 mmol) in a mixture of pyridine (10 mL) and water (5 ml), add KMnO4 (25.3 mmol) portionwise. Stir the mixture for 4 hours at 110° C., and then add another 25.3 mmol of KMnO4 with 10 ml of water. Stir the mixture at 110° C. overnight. Cool to room temperature, and filter through celite pad. Concentrate the filtrate under vacuum, dilute with water, and wash the aqueous solution with EtOAc. Neutralize the aqueous solution with 2 N HCl and collect the precipitate to give 2-nitro-4(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzoic acid.

4. 2-nitro-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide

[0197] 32embedded image

[0198] Reflux a mixture of 2-amino-4(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzoic acid (25 g) with SOCl2 (50 ml) for 4 hours and concentrate. Dissolve the residue in DCM, cool with ice-water bath, pass NH3 gas through the solution for 30 minutes, and stir for 15 minutes at room temperature. Concentrate and wash with water to give 2-nitro-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide.

5. 2-amino-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide

[0199] 33embedded image

[0200] Hydrogenate 2-nitro-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide (1.0 g, 0.0032 mol) with 50 psi of H2 and 100 mg of 10% Pd/C in ethanol. After 16 hours, filter the mixture through celite and concentrate under reduced pressure to give 2-amino-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide as a solid.

6. 2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3H-quinazolin-4-one

[0201] 34embedded image

[0202] Heat a solution of 2-amino-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide (100 mg, 0.356 mmol) in 2-chloro-1,1,1-trimethoxyethane (bp 138° C.) at 130° C. for 4 hours. Concentrate the mixture under reduced pressure to give 2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3H-quinazolin-4-one as an oil which crystallizes on standing.

7. 4-chloro-2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline

[0203] 35embedded image

[0204] Reflux a mixture of 2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-3H-quinazolin-4-one (obtained from the reaction above) and POCl3 for 16 hours. Cool the mixture and concentrate under reduced pressure. Partition the residue between EtOAc and saturated NaHCO3 solution. Wash the EtOAc portion with additional NaHCO3 and then dry (Na2SO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure. Filter the brown residue through 2 inches of silica gel (1:1 EtOAc/hexanes eluent) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give 4-chloro-2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline.

8. [2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0205] 36embedded image

[0206] Heat a mixture of 4-chloro-2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline (42 mg, 0.117 mmol) and 4-trifluoromethyl-aniline (19 mg, 0.117 mmol) in isopropyl alcohol (1 mL) at 75° C. for 4 hours. Cool the mixture and wash the precipitate with isopropyl alcohol followed by ether to give [2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine as the mono-HCl salt.

9. [2-Isopropoxymethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0207] 37embedded image

[0208] To a suspension of [2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine hydrochloride (1.9 g, 0.0037 mol) in dry isopropanol (100 mL), add 20 equivalents of NaO-i-Pr (prepared from Na and isopropanol). Stir the pale yellow mixture at 60° C. for 5 hours, cool and evaporate the solvent under reduced pressure. Partition the residue between ethyl acetate and water and wash the organic layer with water (1×). Dry the organic layer (Na2SO4) and concentrate to give [2-isopropoxymethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine as a foam.

B. 2-[4-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYLAMINO)-7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-2-YL]-ETHANOL (COMPOUND 2)

1. 3-Benzyloxy-propionic acid

[0209] 38embedded image

[0210] Add sodium hydride (2.22 g, 60% dispersion in mineral oil, 55.4 mmol) in small portions to a cold (0° C.) solution of benzyl alcohol (4.0 g, 37 mmol) in toluene (100 mL). Add ethyl 3-bromopropionate (8.0 g, 44 mmol) dropwise to the mixture, allow the resulting solution to warm to room temperature and stir for 1 hour. Quench the reaction with the addition of water until all bubbling ceases. Dilute the mixture with ethyl acetate (100 mL) and extract with water (100 mL) and brine (100 mL). Dry the organic extract over Na2SO4 and remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the crude ester as a clear oil. Dissolve the oil in methanol (20 mL) and 6 N NaOH (20 mL), stir for 1 hour, concentrate the mixture (˜20 mL) and dilute with water (20 mL). Extract the aqueous mixture once with CH2Cl2 (40 mL). Acidify the aqueous phase with conc. HCl, extract with EtOAc (3×50 mL), and dry the combined EtOAc extracts over Na2SO4. Remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a clear oil that solidifies upon standing.

2. 2-(2-Benzyloxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-3H-quinazolin-4-one

[0211] 39embedded image

[0212] Cool a solution of 3-benzyloxy-propionic acid (1.66 g, 9.19 mmol) in hexanes (40 mL) to 0° C. and add oxalyl chloride (3.50 g, 27.6 mmol) dropwise. After the addition is completed, add DMF (2 drops) and stir the resulting mixture for 1 hour. Remove the solvent under reduced pressure and dissolve the crude acid chloride in dry THF (20 mL). In a separate flask, dissolve 2-amino-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide (2.35 g, 8.37 mmol) in dry THF (40 mL) and pyridine (0.727 g, 9.19 mmol) and cool to 0° C. Add the solution containing the crude acid chloride dropwise to the second solution. Allow the mixture to warm to room temperature and stir for 1 hour. Add a solution of 10% NaOH(aq) (20 mL) to the mixture and stir the solution for 1 hour. Concentrate the mixture (˜20 mL), dilute with water (20 mL), and acidify with conc. HCl. Extract the resulting solution with EtOAC (3×50 mL). Wash the combined organic extracts with brine and dry over Na2SO4. Remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a white solid.

3. 2-(2-Benzyloxy-ethyl)4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazoline

[0213] 40embedded image

[0214] Dissolve 2-(2-benzyloxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-3H-quinazolin-4-one (3.24 g, 7.62 mmol) in CHCl3 (40 mL) and 2,6-lutidine (2.45 g, 22.9 mmol). Add phosphorous oxycloride (1.77 mL, 19.0 mmol) dropwise and heat the resulting solution to reflux for 18 hours. Cool the solution and remove the solvent under reduced pressure. Partition the crude residue between EtOAc (200 mL) and saturated NaHCO3(aq) (200 mL). Remove the organic phase and extract the aqueous phase with EtOAc (200 mL). Combine the two organic extracts, wash with brine (200 mL), and dry over Na2SO4. Remove the solvent to yield the title compound as a light brown solid.

4. [2-(2-Benzyloxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0215] 41embedded image

[0216] Dissolve 2-(2-benzyloxy-ethyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazoline (2.47 g, 5.57 mmol) in a solution of acetonitrile (50 mL) and 4-trifluoromethyl-aniline (0.986 g, 6.12 mmol). Heat the mixture to 80° C. for 2 hours. A white precipitate forms. Cool the solution in an ice bath and add diethyl ether (25 mL). Filter off the white precipitate and dry in a vacuum oven to yield the title compound as the mono-hydrochloride salt.

5. 2-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethanol

[0217] 42embedded image

[0218] Dissolve [2-(2-benzyloxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine hydrochloride (2.96 g, 4.89 mmol) in MeOH (150 mL) and add 10% Pd/C (200 mg). Hydrogenate the mixture at 50 p.s.i. at 60° C. for 8 hours. Quickly filter the mixture through Celite and wash the Celite filter cake with hot MeOH (200 mL). Remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the mono-hydrochloride salt of title compound as a white solid.

C. [2-(2-METHOXY-ETHYL)-7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 3)

1. 2-(2-methoxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-ol

[0219] 43embedded image

[0220] To a solution of 2-amino-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide (3.56 mmol) and pyridine (3.91 mmol) in THF (20 ml), add 4-methoxy-butyryl chloride (3.91 mmol). Stir the mixture 20 minutes at room temperature, add 20 ml of 20% NaOH, stir for 60 minutes at 50° C. Concentrate, add water, filter, acidify to pH=6, collect the precipitate to obtain 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-ol.

2. 2-(2-methoxy-ethyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline

[0221] 44embedded image

[0222] Using procedures analogous to those described above, 2-(2-methoxy-ethyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline is prepared from 2-(2-methoxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-ol.

3. [2-(2-methoxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0223] 45embedded image

[0224] Using procedures analogous to those described above, [2-(2-methoxy-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine is prepared from 2-(2-methoxy-ethyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoro-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline.

D. 3-[4-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYLAMINO)-7-(3-TRIFLUORO-METHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-2-YL]-PROPAN-1-OL (COMPOUND 4)

1. 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-ol

[0225] 46embedded image

[0226] To a solution of 2-amino-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide (3.56 mmol) and pyridine (3.91 mmol) in THF (20 ml) add 4-benzyloxy-butyryl chloride (3.91 mmol). Stir the mixture 20 minutes at room temperature, add 20 ml of 20% NaOH, stir for 60 minutes at 50° C. Concentrate, add water, filter, acidify to pH=6, collect the precipitate to obtain 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-ol.

2. 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline

[0227] 47embedded image

[0228] Using procedures analogous to those already described 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline can be prepared from 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-ol.

3. [2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0229] 48embedded image

[0230] Using procedures analogous to those already described, [2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine is prepared from 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline.

4. 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoro-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propan-1-ol

[0231] 49embedded image

[0232] Hydrogenate the mixture of 2-(3-benzyloxy-propyl)-4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazoline (0.5 mmol) and 10% Pd—C in EtOH (100 ml) at 50 psi for 30 hours. Filter, concentrate, and chromatograph to give 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoro-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propan-1-ol.

E. [2-METHOXYMETHYL-7-(3-METHYLPYRIDIN-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-4-YL)-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYLPHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 5)

1. 7-bromo-2-methoxymethylquinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine

[0233] 50embedded image

[0234] Heat a mixture of 7-bromo-2-chloromethylquinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine (from Example C, 200 mg, 0.48 mmol), 4.4M sodium methoxide in methanol (2.4 mL), and methanol (1 mL) to 60° C. for 4 hours. Cool to room temperature and evaporate the mixture. Dilute with EtOAc (10 mL) and wash 2× with water (10 mL each). Dry the organic layer (Na2SO4) and evaporate. Purify by preparative TLC (3:1 hexanes:EtOAc) to obtain 2-methoxymethyl-7-pyridin-4-yl-quinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine as a yellow solid.

2. [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine

[0235] 51embedded image

[0236] Heat a mixture of 2-methoxymethyl-7-pyridin-4-yl-quinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine (100 mg, 0.243 mmol), 3-methyl-2-pyridylzinc bromide (1 mL of a 0.5M THF solution), tetrakis(triphenylphosphinepalladium(0) (50 mg, 0.043 mmol) in 1,2-dimethoxymethane (5 mL) for 3 hours at 80° C. under nitrogen. Cool to room temperature and dilute with EtOAc (10 mL). Wash with water (2×10 mL) and dry the organic layer (Na2SO4) and evaporate. Purify by preparative TLC to obtain [2-methoxymethyl-7-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine as an off-white solid.

F. 7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-2-METHOXYMETHYL-PYRIDO[3,2-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 6)

1. 6′-Methoxy-3-trifluoromethyl-[2,3′]bipyridinyl

[0237] 52embedded image

[0238] Heat a mixture of 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethylpyridine (37 g, 0.2 mol), 2-methoxypyridine-5-boronic acid (32 g, 0.21 mol), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (9 g, 7 mmol) and 2M potassium carbonate (150 mL) in toluene (500 mL) under a nitrogen atmosphere at 90° C. for 8 hours. Cool the reaction mixture and separate the layers. Extract the aqueous layer with ethyl acetate (2×250 mL) and wash the combined organics with 4M sodium hydroxide (250 mL), water (250 mL), and brine (250 mL). Dry, (MgSO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting oil by flash chromatography on silica gel (50% ether/50% hexane) to give the title compound as a colorless oil.

2. 3-Trifluoromethyl-1′H-[2,3′]bipyridinyl-6′-one

[0239] 53embedded image

[0240] Heat 6′-methoxy-3-trifluoromethyl-[2,3′]bipyridinyl (41 g, 0.16 mol) in 30% HBr/AcOH (100 mL) to reflux for 1 hour. Cool the mixture, filter and wash the precipitate with ether (100 mL). Transfer the precipitate into 10M sodium hydroxide (500 mL) and stir for 1 hour. Treat the solution with hydrochloric acid until the solution is pH 7. Collect the white solid by filtration and air dry to give the title compound as a white solid.

3. 5′-Nitro-3-trifluoromethyl-1′H-[2,3′]bipyridinyl-6′-one

[0241] 54embedded image

[0242] To a solution of 3-trifluoromethyl-1′H-[2,3′]bipyridinyl-6′-one (25 g, 0.1 mol) in concentrated sulfuric acid (100 mL) at 0° C., add dropwise a solution of fuming nitric acid (35 mL) and concentrated sulfuric acid (10 mL). Heat the reaction mixture to 70° C. for 1 hour, cool and pour onto ice (500 mL). Filter the mixture and treat the filtrate with 10 M sodium hydroxide until the solution is at pH 4-5. Collect the precipitate by filtration and air dry to give the title compound as a white solid.

4. 6′-Chloro-5′-nitro-3-trifluoromethyl-[2,3′]bipyridinyl

[0243] 55embedded image

[0244] Heat a solution of 5′-nitro-3-trifluoromethyl-1′H-[2,3′]bipyridinyl-6′-one (25 g, 0.088 mol), thionyl chloride (300 mL) and DMF (3 mL) to reflux for 4 hours. Remove the volatiles by rotary evaporation and partition the residue between ethyl acetate (350 mL) and saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (250 mL). Extract the aqueous layer with further ethyl acetate (250 mL) and wash the combined organics with brine (250 mL). Dry (MgSO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give the title compound as a yellow oil.

5. 6′-Chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-[2,3′]bipyridinyl-5′-ylamine

[0245] 56embedded image

[0246] To a solution of 6′-chloro-5′-nitro-3-trifluoromethyl-[2,3′]bipyridinyl (25 g, 0.082 mol) and calcium chloride (11 g, 0.1 mol) in ethanol (300 mL) and water (50 mL), add iron powder (45 g, 0.82 mol). Heat the solution to reflux for 1.5 hours, cool and filter through Celite. Concentrate the mixture under reduced pressure, re-dissolve in ethyl acetate (300 mL) and wash with brine (200 mL). Concentrate the solution under reduced pressure and purify by flash chromatography on silica gel (50% ether/50% hexane) to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid.

6. 3-Amino-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]pyridine-2-carboxamide

[0247] 57embedded image

[0248] Heat a solution of 6′-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-[2,3′]bipyridinyl-5′-ylamine (25 g, 0.091 mol), zinc cyanide (6.75 g, 0.058 mol), pd2(dba)3 (2.63 g, 2.86 mmol), and DPPF (3.16 g, 5.72 mmol) in DMF (250 mL) and water (2.5 mL), under a nitrogen atmosphere, at 120° C. for 1 hour. Add water (30 mL) and heat the solution at 120° C. for a further 4 hours to complete the hydrolysis. Cool the reaction to 0° C. and add a solution of saturated ammonium chloride (200 ml), water (200 mL) and concentrated ammonium hydroxide (50 mL). After stirring at 0° C. for 1 hour, filter the yellow precipitate, and wash with water (200 mL) and a 1:1 mixture of ether-hexane (200 mL). Air dry the solid, and then dry in a vacuum oven to give the title compound.

7. 2-(Chloromethyl)-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-3-hydropyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one

[0249] 58embedded image

[0250] Heat a solution of 3-amino-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]pyridine-2-carboxamide (23 g, 81.5 mmol) and 2-chloro1,1,1-trimethoxyethane (250 mL) at 130° C. for 1 hour. Remove the volatiles by evaporation and triturate the solid (50% ether/50% hexane) to give the title compound as a light brown solid.

8. 4-Chloro-2-chloromethyl-7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl) -pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine

[0251] 59embedded image

[0252] Heat a solution of 2-(chloromethyl)-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-3-hydropyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (2.49 g, 7.31 mmol), phosphorous oxychloride (10 mL), 2,6-lutidine (2.13 mL, 18.3 mmol) and toluene to reflux for 8 hours. Remove the solvent and partition the crude residue between EtOAc (150 mL) and H2O (150 mL). Remove the organic phase and extract the aqueous phase with EtOAc (150 mL). Combine the organic extractions, wash with saturated NaHCO3(aq) (150 mL) and brine (150 mL), and dry over Na2SO4. Remove the solvent to yield the title compound as a light brown solid.

9. [2-(2-Chloromethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0253] 60embedded image

[0254] Dissolve 4-chloro-2-chloro-methyl-7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine (2.30 g, 6.40 mmol) in a solution of acetonitrile (20 mL) and 4-trifluoromethyl aniline (1.13 g, 7.04 mmol). Heat the mixture at 80° C. for 18 hours. Cool the mixture to 0° C. and dilute with diethyl ether (20 mL). The mono-hydrochloride salt of the title compound forms a light brown precipitate, which is removed by filtration and dried in a vacuum oven.

10. 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0255] 61embedded image

[0256] Treat [2-(2-chloromethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine with NaOMe as described in Example 1A, step 9, above. This affords 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine as a solid.

G. 7-(3-METHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-2-METHOXYMETHYL-PYRIDO[3,2-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 7)

1. 5-Bromo-3-nitropyridine-2-carbonitrile

[0257] 62embedded image

[0258] Heat a solution of 2-amino-5-bromo-3-nitropyridine (2.18 g, 10 mmol), cuprous cyanide (1.33 g, 15 mmol) and tert-butylnitrite (2.0 mL, 15 mmol) in acetonitrile (50 mL) at 60° C. for 2 hours. Cool the solution and partitioned between ethyl acetate (100 mL) and saturated aqueous NaHCO3 (100 mL). Extract the aqueous layer with ethyl acetate (2×50 mL), wash with water (100 mL) and brine (100 mL), dry (MgSO4) and evaporate. Purify the solid by flash chromatography on silica gel (25% ether/75% hexane) to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid.

2. 5-(3-Methyl(2-pyridyl))-3-nitropyridine-2-carbonitrile

[0259] 63embedded image

[0260] Heat a solution of 5-bromo-3-nitropyridine-2-carbonitrile (228 mg, 1.0 mmol), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (15 mg), 3-methyl-2-pyridylzinc bromide (0.5 M in THF, 3 mL, 1.5 mmol) in THF (5 mL) at 60° C. for 2 hours. Cool the solution and partition between ethyl acetate (10 mL) and saturated aqueous NaHCO3 (10 mL). Extract the aqueous layer with ethyl acetate (2×15 mL), wash with water (10 mL) and brine (10 mL), dry (MgSO4) and evaporate to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid.

3. 3-Amino-5-(3-methyl(2-pyridyl))pyridine-2-carboxamide

[0261] 64embedded image

[0262] Heat a solution of 5-(3-methyl(2-pyridyl))-3-nitropyridine-2-carbonitrile (1 g, 4.1 mmol), iron (2.3 g, 40 mmol) and calcium chloride (560 mg, 5 mmol) in ethanol (15 mL) and water (4 mL) to reflux for 1 hour. Cool the mixture, filter through Celite and wash with ethyl acetate. Evaporate the filtrate and re-dissolve the residue in ethyl acetate. Wash with water and brine, dry (MgSO4) and evaporate to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid.

4. 7-(3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0263] 65embedded image

[0264] The title compound is prepared from 3-amino-5-(3-methyl(2-pyridyl))pyridine-2-carboxamide using procedures analogous to those described in the foregoing examples.

H. 7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-2-METHOXYMETHYL-PYRIDO[3,2-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 6)

1. 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2yl)-2-methoxymethyl-3H-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one

[0265] 66embedded image

[0266] Treat a solution of 3-amino-5-[3-(chloro-pyridin-2-yl)]pyridine-2-carboxamide (340 mg, 1.21 mmol) in THF (5 mL) and pyridine (0.11 mL) with methoxy-acetyl chloride (0.11 mL, 144 mg, 1.33 mmol). Stir the mixture for 3 hours at room temperature. Then, add 5 N NaOH (10 mL) and stir the solution for an additional 18 hours. Concentrate the solution (˜5 mL) and acidify with conc. HCl. Extract the aqueous mixture with EtOAc (3×25 mL), and dry the combined organic extracts over Na2SO4. Remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a white solid.

2. 4-Chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine

[0267] 67embedded image

[0268] Dissolve 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-3H-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (276 mg, 0.822 mmol) in CHCl3 (25 mL) and 2,6-lutidine (294 mg, 2.74 mmol). Add phosphorous oxycloride (0.255 mL, 2.74 mmol) dropwise and heat the resulting solution to reflux for 24 hours. Cool the solution and remove the solvent under reduced pressure. Partition the crude residue between EtOAc (50 mL) and saturated NaHCO3(aq) (50 mL). Remove the organic phase and extract the aqueous phase with additional EtOAc (50 mL). Combine the two organic extracts, wash with brine (100 mL), and dry over Na2SO4. Remove the solvent to yield-the title compound as a light brown solid.

3. 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0269] 68embedded image

[0270] Dissolve 4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine (30 mg, 0.0934 mmol) into a solution of acetonitrile (3 mL) and 4-trifluoromethyl-aniline (18.0 mg, 0.112 mmol). Heat the mixture to 80° C. for 16 hours. Cool the reaction mixture in an ice bath and add diethyl ether (3 mL). Filter off the off-white precipitate and dry in a vacuum oven to yield the title compound as the mono-hydrochloride salt.

I. [7-(3-CHLORO-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-2-METHOXYMETHYL-PYRIDO[2,3-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 8)

1. 2-Acetyl-3-chloropyridine

[0271] 69embedded image

[0272] Dissolve 3-chloro-2-cyanopyridine (10.0 g, 0.072 mol, Chem. Pharm. Bull. (1985) 33:565-571) in anhydrous THF (200 mL) under N2 atmosphere and cool in an ice bath. Add drop wise 3.0 M MeMgI in diethyl ether (48 ml, 0.14 mol) to the reaction mixture and stir in an ice bath for 2 hours. Pour the reaction mixture over ice cold water, acidify the mixture with 2.0 N aq. HCl to pH 2 to 3. Extract the reaction mixture with EtOAc (3×100 mL) and dry over anhydrous MgSO4. Filter, concentrate under vacuum and then filter through a pad of silica gel using 20% ethyl acetate/hexane as eluent. Removal of solvent under reduced pressure gives pure 2-acetyl-3-chloropyridine as oil.

2. 1-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-3-dimethylaminopropenone

[0273] 70embedded image

[0274] Heat 2-acetyl-3-chloropyridine (0.77 g, 5.0 mmol) with N,N-dimethylformamide dimetylacetal (3.0 g) at 105° C. for 20 hours. Concentrate under reduced pressure to give 1-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-3-dimethylaminopropenone as oil.

3. 2-Amino-4-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-benzonitrile

[0275] 71embedded image

[0276] Heat a solution of 1-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-3-dimethylaminopropenone (1.05 g, 5 mmol), 3-amino-3-methoxy-acrylonitrile hydrochloride (1.35 g, 10 mmol) and ammonium acetate (2.2 g, 15.0 mmol) in ethanol (25 mL) at reflux for 20 hours. Cool the mixture and concentrate under reduced pressure to give dark oil. Dissolve the residue in EtOAc/water (100 mL). Extract the aqueous solution with EtOAc, wash the EtOAc with brine, dry (MgSO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give 2-amino-4-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-benzonitrile as a brown solid.

4. 6-Amino-3′-chloro-[2,2′]bipyridinyl-5-carboxylic acid amide

[0277] 72embedded image

[0278] Cool concentrated sulfuric acid (10 mL) in an ice bath under nitrogen atmosphere. Add in portions 2-amino-4-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-benzonitrile (1.0 g, 4.3 mmol) over a period of 15 minutes. Stir at room temperature overnight. Pour the reaction mixture over ice, adjust the pH to 10 using 10 N aq. NaOH, filter the solid, wash the solid with water and dry, under vacuum to give 6-amino-3′-chloro-[2,2′]bipyridinyl-5-carboxylic acid amide as a yellow solid.

5. 7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-3H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one

[0279] 73embedded image

[0280] Dissolve 6-amino-3′-chloro-[2,2′]bipyridinyl-5-carboxylic acid amide (0.5 g, 2.02 mmol) in anhydrous THF (10 mL) under N2 atmosphere. Add dropwise pyridine (0.36 g, 4.04 mmol) and methoxyacetyl chloride (0.48 g, 4.04 mmol) to the reaction mixture and stir at room temperature overnight. Add 10% aq. NaOH (10 mL) and reflux for 4 hours. Concentrate in vacuum, adjust the pH to 6.0 using AcOH, collect the solid by filtration and dry under vacuum to give 7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-3H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one as a white solid.

6. 4-Chloro-7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine

[0281] 74embedded image

[0282] Reflux a mixture of 7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-3H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one (0.25 g), 2,6-lutidine (0.44 g), and POCl3 (0.51 g) in CHCl3 (5 mL) for 20 hours. Cool the mixture and concentrate under reduced pressure. Partition the residue between EtOAc and saturated NaHCO3 solution. Wash the EtOAc portion with additional NaHCO3 and then dry (Na2SO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure. Filter the brown residue through 2 inches of silica gel (1:1 EtOAc/hexanes eluent) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give 4-chloro-7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine.

7. [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0283] 75embedded image

[0284] Heat a mixture of 4-chloro-7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine (0:1 mmol) and 4-trifluoromethyl-aniline (16.1 mg, 0.1 mmol) in AcCN (1 mL) at 80° C. for 24 hours. Cool the mixture and wash the precipitate with ether to give [7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine as the mono-HCl salt.

Example 2

Additional Representative Substituted 2-Hydroxyalkyl-Quinazolin-4-ylamine Analogues

[0285] Using routine modifications, the starting materials may be varied and additional steps employed to produce other compounds provided herein. Compounds listed in Table II were prepared using the above methods, with readily apparent modifications. In the column labeled Ki in Table II, * indicates that the Ki for the compound determined as described in Example 5, herein, is 1 micromolar or less. Mass Spectrometry data was obtained as described above and is given as M+1. 4

TABLE II
Representative Substituted 2-Hydroxyalkyl-Quinazoline-4-ylamime Analogues
CompoundNameMS (M + 1)Ki
9. 76embedded image Acetic acid 4-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl ester*
10. 77embedded image [4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-yl]-methanol465.13*
11. 78embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine479.33*
12. 79embedded image [2-(3-Benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine583.32*
13. 80embedded image [2-(3-Benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine584.32*
14. 81embedded image 3-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2-yl]- propan-1-ol494.26*
15. 82embedded image [2-(3-Benzyloxy-propyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6-tert-butyl- pyridin-3-yl)-amine572.37*
16. 83embedded image 3-[4-(6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- propan-1-ol482.29*
17. 84embedded image 3-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid methyl ester521.27*
18. 85embedded image 3-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2-yl]- propionic acid methyl ester522.26*
19. 86embedded image 3-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid507.20*
20. 87embedded image [4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-yl]-acetic acid ethyl ester521.23*
21. 88embedded image Acetic acid 7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-4- (6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl ester508.20*
22. 89embedded image [7-(3-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-4-(6-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-3-ylamino)-quinazolin- 2-yl]-methanol466.17*
23. 90embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4-(2,2,2- trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl)- phenyl]-amine583.28*
24. 91embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine555.28*
25. 92embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine556.28*
26. 93embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- amine556.28*
27. 94embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)- amine571.29*
28. 95embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine*
29. 96embedded image [2-(2-Diethylamino- ethoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine565.14*
30. 97embedded image [2-(2-Piperidin-1-yl- ethoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine577.15*
31. 98embedded image [2-(1-Methyl-piperidin-4- yloxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine563.13*
32. 99embedded image (4-Methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine489.18*
33. 100embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine480.18*
34. 101embedded image 2-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-ylamino]-phenyl}- 2-methyl-propionitrile478.24*
35. 102embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine543.18*
36. 103embedded image [4-(2-Methoxy-1,1-dimethyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine497.26*
37. 104embedded image N-tert-Butyl-4-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-ylamino]- benzenesulfonamide546.26*
38. 105embedded image 4-[2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-ylamino]-N-tert- butyl-benzenesulfonamide622.32*
39. 106embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- amine480.19*
40. 107embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-amine565.33*
41. 108embedded image 2-{4-[2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-ylamino]-phenyl}- 2-methyl-propionitrile554.38*
42. 109embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4-(2- methoxy-1,1-dimethyl-ethyl)- phenyl]-amine573.39*
43. 110embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-tert-butyl- phenyl)-amine543.38*
44. 111embedded image [2-Benzyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(1- methanesulfonyl-2,3-dihydro- 1H-indol-5-yl)-amine606.39*
45. 112embedded image [2-(Pyridin-3- ylmethoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine557.09*
46. 113embedded image [2-(Pyridin-4- ylmethoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine557.09*
47. 114embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2-(2- methoxy-ethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine481.13*
48. 115embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2-(2- methoxy-ethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine467.11*
49. 116embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[2- (2-methoxy-ethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine482.13*
50. 117embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine468.11*
51. 118embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine454.09*
52. 119embedded image (4-Ethyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine440.07*
53. 120embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine481.04*
54. 121embedded image 1-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-ethanone454.06*
55. 122embedded image 4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-benzonitrile437.04*
56. 123embedded image (4-Cyclohexyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine494.13*
57. 124embedded image 1-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-butan-1-one482.10*
58. 125embedded image [4-(2-Methoxy-1,1-dimethyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine498.12*
59. 126embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine434.08*
60. 127embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-isopropyl- phenyl)-amine420.18*
61. 128embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-[4-(2- methoxy-1,1-dimethyl-ethyl)- phenyl]-amine464.23*
62. 129embedded image 2-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-methoxymethyl- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile445.20*
63. 130embedded image (4-sec-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine434.20*
64. 131embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine446.20
65. 132embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine434.27*
66. 133embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-isopropyl- phenyl)-amine420.25*
67. 134embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine493.30*
68. 135embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[7- (3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine434.32*
69. 136embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)-amine419.30*
70. 137embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine445.26*
71. 138embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine433.33*
72. 139embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine453.35*
73. 140embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine467.38*
74. 141embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine468.38*
75. 142embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2- methoxy-ethoxymethyl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine*
76. 143embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (2-methoxy-ethoxymethyl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine*
77. 144embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (2-methoxy-ethoxymethyl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-isopropyl-phenyl)-amine464.36*
78. 145embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4yl]- amine399.33*
79. 146embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine447.40*
80. 147embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-quinazolin-4-yl]- (4-isopropyl-phenyl)-amine433.37*
81. 148embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-quinazolin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine459.33*
82. 149embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[7- (3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine448.39*
83. 150embedded image 2-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-(2-methoxy- ethoxymethyl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}-2-methyl-propionitrile489.42*
84. 151embedded image (4-sec-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2- methoxy-ethoxymethyl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine478.43*
85. 152embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (2-methoxy-ethyl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine*
86. 153embedded image [2-(Tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine549.47*
87. 154embedded image [2-(2-Dimethylamino- ethoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine536.47*
88. 155embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine426.33*
89. 156embedded image [2-(3-Dimethylamino- propoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine550.47*
90. 157embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine439.36*
91. 158embedded image [2-Isopropoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine453.39*
92. 159embedded image [7-(3-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine495.45*
93. 160embedded image (4-sec-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine468.20*
94. 161embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- [4-(2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine508.16*
95. 162embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine414.36*
96. 163embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine400.34*
97. 164embedded image (4-sec-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine414.35*
98. 165embedded image 2-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile425.35*
99. 166embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazoline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester507.33*
100. 167embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazoline-2-carboxylic acid479.28*
101. 168embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2- (tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine523.45*
102. 169embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine515.37*
103. 170embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- (4-isopropyl-phenyl)-amine489.41*
104. 171embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- (4-isopropyl-phenyl)-amine413.38*
105. 172embedded image [2-Isopropoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-isopropyl- phenyl)-amine427.43*
106. 173embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine469.49*
107. 174embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine468.20*
108. 175embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine454.19*
109. 176embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine480.13*
110. 177embedded image (4-Cyclopentyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine480.21*
111. 178embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2-(4- dimethylamino-butoxymethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine552.31*
112. 179embedded image (4-Methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine*
113. 180embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine*
114. 181embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- [4-(morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine*
115. 182embedded image [2-(3-Diethylamino- propoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine578.57*
116. 183embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2-(3- dimethylamino- propoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine538.57*
117. 184embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2-(3- diethylamino-propoxymethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine566.64*
118. 185embedded image (4-Cyclopropyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine451.38*
119. 186embedded image [7-(3-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-2-yl]-methanol412.28*
120. 187embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine527.15*
121. 188embedded image [4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-2-yl]- methanol466.10*
122. 189embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-2-yl]-methanol432.07*
123. 190embedded image [2-(3-Dimethylamino-2,2- dimethyl-propoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine578.25*
124. 191embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2-(3- morpholin-4-yl- propoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine580.32*
125. 192embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2-(4- morpholin-4-yl-butoxymethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine594.32*
126. 193embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine560.21*
127. 194embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine574.22*
128. 195embedded image [2-Isopropoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine588.24*
129. 196embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine456.30*
130. 197embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-isopropyl-phenyl)-amine442.28*
131. 198embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine468.22*
132. 199embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine448.22*
133. 200embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-isopropyl- phenyl)-amine434.20*
134. 201embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine460.15*
135. 202embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine*
136. 203embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-[4-(2,2,2- trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl)- phenyl]-amine488.17*
137. 204embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- cyclopentyl-phenyl)-amine460.22*
138. 205embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine440.19*
139. 206embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-isopropyl- phenyl)-amine414.25*
140. 207embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine*
141. 208embedded image [4-(Morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-[2-(tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine630.26*
142. 209embedded image [2-Cyclopropylmethoxymethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine600.25*
143. 210embedded image [2-Cyclopentyloxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine614.26*
144. 211embedded image 1-Dimethylamino-3-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethoxy]- propan-2-ol566.24*
145. 212embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2-(3- diethylamino-1-methyl- propoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine580.38*
146. 213embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 3-yl)-amine*
147. 214embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine481.17*
148. 215embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine427.19*
149. 216embedded image 1-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}- cyclobutanecarbonitrile437.22*
150. 217embedded image 1-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}- cyclobutanecarbonitrile471.19*
151. 218embedded image 1-{4-[2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}- cyclobutanecarbonitrile479.42*
152. 219embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine494.31*
153. 220embedded image [2-Isopropoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine508.18*
154. 221embedded image [2-(Tetrahydro-pyran-4- yloxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine550.21*
155. 222embedded image [4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-methanol453.20*
156. 223embedded image [4-(4-Isopropyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-methanol439.18*
157. 224embedded image [4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-yl]-methanol419.17*
158. 225embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-4- (4-isopropyl-phenylamino)- quinazolin-2-yl]-methanol405.15*
159. 226embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine490.08*
160. 227embedded image (2,6-Dimethyl-morpholin-4-yl)- (1-{4-[2-methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-cyclobutyl)- methanone607.22*
161. 228embedded image 2-{4-[2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile467.21*
162. 229embedded image (4-terr-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine510.44*
163. 230embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-isopropyl-phenyl)-amine496.42*
164. 231embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine522.27*
165. 232embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine523.16*
166. 233embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (3-methyl-4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine536.42*
167. 234embedded image 2-{4-[2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile521.44*
168. 235embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine586.39*
169. 236embedded image [4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-ylmethoxy]-acetic acid ethyl ester551.39*
170. 237embedded image [4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-ylmethoxy]-acetic acid523.34*
171. 238embedded image [4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-2-yl]- methanol466.29*
172. 239embedded image 7-(3-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-4-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid ethyl ester454.32*
173. 240embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid ethyl ester508.32*
174. 241embedded image [7-(3-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (tetrahydro-furan-3-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine452.16*
175. 242embedded image 2-Methyl-2-{4-[7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-2-(tetrahydro- furan-3-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}-propionitrile451.22*
176. 243embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine488.13*
177. 244embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3-yl)- amine489.13*
178. 245embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(3-methyl-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine502.16*
179. 246embedded image 2-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-isobutoxymethyl- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile487.20*
180. 247embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)- amine504.13*
181. 248embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine552.10*
182. 249embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (3-methyl-4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine494.13*
183. 250embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (3-methyl-4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine482.20*
184. 251embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(3-methyl-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine474.13*
185. 252embedded image 4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid ethyl ester442.23*
186. 253embedded image [4-[4-(Piperidine-1-sulfonyl)- phenylamino]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-yl]-methanol544.18*
187. 254embedded image N-tert-Butyl-4-[2- hydroxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-ylamino]-N- methyl-benzenesulfonamide546.20*
188. 255embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)- amine496.12*
189. 256embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)- amine538.17*
190. 257embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)- amine484.20*
191. 258embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine469.21*
192. 259embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine511.25*
193. 260embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine457.29*
194. 261embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[7- (3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine477.24*
195. 262embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)- amine462.11*
196. 263embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethoxy-phenyl)- amine442.16*
197. 264embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(3-methyl-4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine460.13*
198. 265embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (3-methyl-4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine440.18*
199. 266embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[7- (3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine435.19*
200. 267embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine415.24*
201. 268embedded image [4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-2- yl]-methanol454.35*
202. 269embedded image [4-[4-(Piperidine-1-sulfonyl)- phenylamino]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-2-yl]- methanol545.42*
203. 270embedded image N-tert-Butyl-4-[2- hydroxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-N-methyl- benzenesulfonamide547.43*
204. 271embedded image [4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3d]pyrimidin-2-yl]- methanol400.34*
205. 272embedded image 7-(3-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-4-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid*
206. 273embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid*
207. 274embedded image 4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid*
208. 275embedded image 3-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-3-methyl- butan-2-one496.19*
209. 276embedded image 3-{4-[2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-3-methyl- butan-2-one484.27*
210. 277embedded image 3-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-isobutoxymethyl- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-3-methyl- butan-2-one504.22*
211. 278embedded image 3-{4-[2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-3-methyl- butan-2-one538.24*
212. 279embedded image 3-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-3-methyl- butan-2-one442.23*
213. 280embedded image 3-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-methoxymethyl- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-3-methyl- butan-2-one462.18*
214. 281embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- amine532.39*
215. 282embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- [4-(2-methoxy-1,1-dimethyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine486.47*
216. 283embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- amine478.37*
217. 284embedded image 2-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-yl]-2-methyl- propan-1-ol495.42*
218. 285embedded image 2-Methyl-2-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propan-1- ol507.36*
219. 286embedded image 4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid ethyl ester496.39*
220. 287embedded image 4-(4-tert-Butyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2- carboxylic acid468.35*
221. 288embedded image N,N-Diethyl-2-{4-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}- isobutyramide553.50*
222. 289embedded image N,N-Diethyl-2-{4-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}-isobutyramide541.56*
223. 290embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine494.34*
224. 291embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine495.34*
225. 292embedded image 2-{4-[2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile493.40*
226. 293embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-amine498.36*
227. 294embedded image [4-(2-Diethylamino-1,1- dimethyl-ethyl)-phenyl]-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine243.21*
228. 295embedded image 2-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-ylmethoxy]-3- methyl-butyric acid methyl ester (S)567.26*
229. 296embedded image (R)-2-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-ylmethoxy]- propionic acid (chiral)525.23*
230. 297embedded image (S)-2-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-ylmethoxy]-3- methyl-butyric acid553.25*
231. 298embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- [4-(2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine522.17*
232. 299embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- [4-(2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine550.20*
233. 300embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-[4-(2,2,2- trifluoro-1-methyl-ethyl)- phenyl]-amine516.19*
234. 301embedded image 2-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-2-ylmethoxy]-3- methyl-butyric acid (R)553.48*
235. 302embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyrazin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine447.26*
236. 303embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyrazin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine435.28*
237. 304embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyrazin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-isopropyl- phenyl)-amine421.26*
238. 305embedded image 2-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyrazin-2- yl)-2-methoxymethyl- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile446.27*
239. 306embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyrazin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine511.24*
240. 307embedded image (4-Difluoromethyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine462.31*
241. 308embedded image (4-Difluoromethyl-phenyl)-[2- ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine476.33*
242. 309embedded image (4-Difluoromethyl-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine504.39*
243. 310embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- methoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- difluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine428.26*
244. 311embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- ethoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- difluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine442.29*
245. 312embedded image (R)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(1-methoxy-ethyl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine460.30*
246. 313embedded image
247. 314embedded image [2-(1-Methyl-piperidin-4- ylmethoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine576.51*
248. 315embedded image (4-Fluoro-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine472.24*
249. 316embedded image (4-Chloro-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine488.22*
250. 317embedded image 1-{4-[2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-ethanone496.27*
251. 318embedded image (4-Ethoxy-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine498.29*
252. 319embedded image (3,4-Difluoro-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine490.23*
253. 320embedded image (4-Fluoro-3-methyl-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine486.26*
254. 321embedded image (4-Fluoro-3-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-[2-isobutoxymethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-amine540.26*
255. 322embedded image (4-Chloro-3-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-[2-isobutoxymethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-amine556.25*
256. 323embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-methoxy-3-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine552.29*
257. 324embedded image (3,4-Dimethyl-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine482.28*
258. 325embedded image (3-Fluoro-4-methoxy-phenyl)- [2-isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine502.27*
259. 326embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-fluoro- phenyl)-amine438.20*
260. 327embedded image (4-Chloro-phenyl)-[7-(3-chloro- pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine454.19*
261. 328embedded image 4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- benzonitrile445.22*
262. 329embedded image 1-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-isobutoxymethyl- pyrido(2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-ethanone462.25*
263. 330embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- morpholin-4-yl-phenyl)-amine505.32*
264. 331embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-ethoxy- phenyl)-amine464.26*
265. 332embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-ethyl- phenyl)-amine448.25*
266. 333embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-propyl- phenyl)-amine462.28*
267. 334embedded image 4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- benzoic acid methyl ester478.25*
268. 335embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(3,4-difluoro- phenyl)-amine456.21*
269. 336embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-fluoro-3- methyl-phenyl)-amine452.23*
270. 337embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine522.27*
271. 338embedded image (3-Chloro-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine488.23*
272. 339embedded image 4-[2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-benzonitrile479.26*
273. 340embedded image (4-Chloro-3-fluoro-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine506.23*
274. 341embedded image (4-Chloro-3-methyl-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine502.26*
275. 342embedded image (3-Chloro-4-fluoro-phenyl)-[2- isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine506.23*
276. 343embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- (4-methyl-3-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine536.29*
277. 344embedded image {4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}-methanol450.24*
278. 345embedded image (4-Butoxy-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine492.31*
279. 346embedded image 4-{7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isopropoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- benzenesulfonamide499.24*
280. 347embedded image 1-{4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-isobutoxymethyl- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-butan-1-one490.30*
281. 348embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-ethynyl- phenyl)-amine444.23*
282. 349embedded image 5-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-2-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,6]naphthyridine-7-carboxylic acid ethyl ester507.22*
283. 350embedded image {4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}-acetic acid ethyl ester506.30*
284. 351embedded image {4-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}-acetic acid478.25*
285. 352embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- isobutoxymethyl-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-fluoro-3- methoxy-phenyl)-amine468.24*
286. 353embedded image [5-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-2-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,6]naphthyridin-7-yl]- methanol465.19*
287. 354embedded image (4-Chloro-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine446.10*
288. 355embedded image 4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-benzonitrile437.13*
289. 356embedded image 1-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-ethanone454.15*
290. 357embedded image 2-{4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-2-methyl- propionitrile479.18*
291. 358embedded image (3,4-Difluoro-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine448.12*
292. 359embedded image (4-Chloro-3-fluoro-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine464.09*
293. 360embedded image (4-Chloro-3-methyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]- amine460.12*
294. 361embedded image (4-Chloro-3-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-[2-methoxymethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- amine514.09*
295. 362embedded image [7-Methoxymethyl-2-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,6]naphthyridin-5-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine479.13*
296. 363embedded image [7-Isobutoxymethyl-2-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,6]naphthyridin-5-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine521.18*
297. 364embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine479.16*
298. 365embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-amine467.20*
299. 366embedded image 2-Methoxymethyl-4-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridine-3- carboxylic acid methyl ester537.23*
300. 367embedded image [4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-2-yl]- methanol465.20*
301. 368embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine521.25*
302. 369embedded image (4-Chloro-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-amine445.19*
303. 370embedded image (4-Fluoro-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-amine429.21*
304. 371embedded image (4-Chloro-3-fluoro-phenyl)-[2- methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-amine463.19*
305. 372embedded image 4-[2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-ylamino]- benzonitrile436.22*
306. 373embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-[4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)-phenyl]- amine517.29*
307. 374embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- amine480.26*
308. 375embedded image [2-Methoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine543.24*
309. 376embedded image [2-(2-Dimethylamino- ethoxymethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine536.22*
310. 377embedded image [2-Ethoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine493.19*
311. 378embedded image [2-Isopropoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine507.19*
312. 379embedded image [2-(3-Methyl-butoxymethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine535.23*
313. 380embedded image [2-Propoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine507.19*
314. 381embedded image [2-Isobutoxymethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)- amine522.20*

Example 3

Preparation of Representative Compounds

[0286] This Example illustrates the preparation of representative substituted 2-aminoalkyl-quinazolin-4-ylamine analogues.

A. [2-PYRROLIDIN-1-YLMETHYL-7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 315)

1. [2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl) quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoro methyl-phenyl)-amine

[0287] 382embedded image

[0288] This compound is prepared as described in Example 1A.

2. [2-Pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0289] 383embedded image

[0290] Heat a solution of [2-chloromethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine HCl (30 mg, 0.058 mmol) in pyrrolidine (1 mL) at 100° C. for 1 hour. Remove the excess pyrrolidine under reduced pressure and partition the residue between EtOAc and 10% NaOH solution. Dry the EtOAc layer (Na2SO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give [2-pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine as a foam. Mass Spec 517.2.

B. [2-(2,6-DIMETHYL-MORPHOLIN-4-YLMETHYL)-7-(2-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-PYRIDO[4,3-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (CIS) (COMPOUND 316)

1. 4-Hydroxy-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinic acid ethyl ester

[0291] 384embedded image

[0292] Dissolve LiHMDS (34 g, 0.20 mol) in dry THF (150 mL) and cool to −70° C. under N2 atm. Add 4-dimethylamino-3-ethoxy-but-3-en-2-one (15 g, 0.081 mol; see J. Heterocyclic Chem. (1987) 24:1669) and 2-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride (20.0 g, 0.097 mol) in THF (50 mL) into the solution for 10 minutes. Remove the cooling bath and stir for 10 minutes. Add ammonium acetate (10 g) and acetic acid (200 mL) to the reaction mixture and distil THF under reduced pressure. Heat the mixture at 60-65° C. for 18 hours, cool and add water (250 mL) and CH2Cl2 (250 mL). Separate the CH2Cl2 layer, and extract the aqueous layer twice with CH2Cl2 (2×250 mL each). Combine the CH2Cl2 extracts, dry (MgSO4), and evaporate. Purify by silica gel chromatography to provide 4-hydroxy-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinic acid ethyl ester as a yellow solid.

2: 4-Chloro-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinic acid ethyl ester

[0293] 385embedded image

[0294] Heat a mixture of 4-Hydroxy-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinic acid ethyl ester (9.0 g, 0.029 mol) in POCl3 (22 g) at 110° C. for 2 hours. Evaporate the POCl3, and add ice (100 g) followed by careful addition of saturated NaHCO3. Extract with EtOAc, dry (MgSO4), and evaporate to provide 4-chloro-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinic acid ethyl ester as a brown oil.

3. 4-Amino-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinamide

[0295] 386embedded image

[0296] Heat a mixture of 4-Chloro-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinic acid ethyl ester (5.2 g) and 28% aq. NH4OH (100 mL) in a 350 ml resealable pressure vessel for 60 hours. Cool, extract with EtOAc (3×100 mL each), dry (MgSO4), and evaporate to provide the crude product. Purify by silica gel chromatography to provide 4-amino-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinamide as a solid.

4. 2-(2,6-Dimethyl-morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4, 3-d]pyrimidin-4-ol

[0297] 387embedded image

[0298] Heat a solution of 4-amino-6-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-nicotinamide (1 g, 3.5 mmol), 2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4-yl)-acetic acid ethyl ester (2.85 g, 14 mmol), NaOEt (5.0 eq.) in EtOH (10 mL) for 20 hours. After cooling, concentrate the reaction mixture under reduced pressure, dilute the mixture with water (25 mL) and extract with EtOAc (3×25 mL each), then wash twice with water (25 mL each) and dry with MgSO4. Evaporate, and purify by flash chromatography to obtain 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4,3 -d]-pyrimidin-4-ol.

5. 4-Chloro-2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine

[0299] 388embedded image

[0300] Reflux a mixture of 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4,3-d]-pyrimidin-4-ol (0.6 g), 2,6-lutidine (0.62 g), and POCl3 (1.1 g) in CHCl3 (15 mL) for 20 hours. Cool the mixture and concentrate under reduced pressure. Partition the residue between EtOAc and saturated NaHCO3 solution. Wash the EtOAc portion with additional NaHCO3 and then dry (Na2SO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure. Filter the brown residue through 2 inches of silica gel (1:1 EtOAc/hexanes eluent) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give 4-chloro-2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4 ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine.

6. [2-(2,6-Dimethyl-morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine (cis)

[0301] 389embedded image

[0302] Heat a mixture of 4-chloro-2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine (43.7 mg, 0.1 mmol) and 4-trifluoromethyl-aniline (16.1 mg, 0.1 mmol) in AcCN (1 mL) at 80° C. for 24 hours. Cool the mixture and wash the precipitate with ether to give 4-chloro-2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine as the mono-HCl salt. Mass Spec 561.2.

C. [2-MORPHOLIN-4-YLMETHYL-7(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-PYRIDO[3,2-A]PYRIMIDIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 317)

1. 2-(Chloromethyl)-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]-3-hydropyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one

[0303] 390embedded image

[0304] This compound is prepared as described above (Example 1F).

2. 2-(Morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl) (2-pyridyl)]-3-hydropyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one

[0305] 391embedded image

[0306] Heat a solution of 2-(chloromethyl)-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-3-hydropyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (20 g, 0.058 mol), morpholine (15.66 g, 0.18 mol) in acetonitrile (500 mL) at 80° C. for 12 hours. Evaporate the solution and partition the residue between ethyl acetate (500 mL) and saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (500 mL). Extract the aqueous layer with further ethyl acetate (250 mL) and wash the combined organics with brine (500 mL). Dry (MgSO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give the title compound as a brown solid.

3. 4-({4-Chloro-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]pyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-2-yl}methyl)-methylmorpholine

[0307] 392embedded image

[0308] Heat a solution of 2-(morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]-3-hydropyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-one (11.73 g, 0.03 mol), POCl3 (13.8 g, 0.09 mol) and 2,6-lutidine (9.63 g, 0.09 mol) in chloroform (500 mL) at 60° C. for 12 hours. Evaporate the solution and partition the residue between ethyl acetate (500 mL) and saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (500 mL). Extract the aqueous layer with further ethyl acetate (250 mL) and wash the combined organics with brine (500 mL). Dry (MgSO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure to give the title compound as a brown solid.

4. [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl-7(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[3,2-a]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0309] 393embedded image

[0310] Heat a solution of 4-({4-chloro-7-[3-(trifluoromethyl)(2-pyridyl)]pyridino[3,2-d]pyrimidin-2-yl}methyl)-methylmorpholine (12.2 g, 0.03 mol), 4-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (4.8 g, 0.03 mol) in acetonitrile (500 mL) at 80° C. for 12 hours. Evaporate the solution and partition the residue between ethyl acetate (500 mL) and saturated sodium bicarbonate solution (500 mL). Extract the aqueous layer with further ethyl acetate (2×250 mL) and wash the combined organics with brine (500 mL). Dry (MgSO4) and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography on silica gel (90% ether/10% hexane then 100% ether) to give the title compound. Mass Spec. 534.2.

D. [2-(2-PYRROLIDIN-1-YL-ETHYL)-7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDINY-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 318)

1. 2-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethanol

[0311] 394embedded image

[0312] This compound is prepared as described above (Example 1B).

2. [2-(2-Chloro-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0313] 395embedded image

[0314] Dissolve 2-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethanol hydrochloride (1.54 g, 2.99 mmol) in thionyl chloride (20 mL) and heat to 60° C. for 1 hour. Remove the excess thionyl chloride under reduced pressure and triturate the residue with diethyl ether to yield the mono-hydrochloride salt of the title compound as a light brown solid.

3. [2-(2-Pyrrolidin-1-yl-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0315] 396embedded image

[0316] Dissolve [2-(2-chloro-ethyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridiny-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine hydrochloride (20 mg, 0.0375 mmol) in CH3CN/10% diisopropylethylamine (0.187 mL) and add a 0.2 N solution of pyrrolidine in acetonitrile (0.281 mL). Heat the mixture at 70° C. for 18 hours. Remove the solvent under reduced pressure and partition the crude reaction mixture between EtOAc (1 mL) and 1 N (NaOH). Remove the organic extract and extract the aqueous phase again with EtOAc (1 mL). Chromatograph the combined organic extracts through a small pad of silica gel, eluting with acetone to yield the title compound as a light brown solid.

E. [2-(3-MORPHOLIN-4-YL-PROPYL)7-(3-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-QUINAZOLIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE HYDROCHLORIDE (COMPOUND 320)

1. 3-[4-hydroxy-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester

[0317] 397embedded image

[0318] To a solution of 2-amino-4-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-benzamide (0.5 mmol) and pyridine (0.55 mmol) in THF (5 ml), add 3-chlorocarbonyl-propionic acid ethyl ester chloride (0.55 mmol). Stir the mixture for 20 minutes at room temperature, add 20 ml of 21% NaOEt in EtOH, and stir for 30 minutes at 50° C. Concentrate, add water, filter, acidify to pH 6, and collect the precipitate to give 3-[4-hydroxy-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester.

2. 3-[4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester

[0319] 398embedded image

[0320] Using procedures analogous to those already described, 3-[4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester is prepared from 3-[4-hydroxy-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester.

3. 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester

[0321] 399embedded image

[0322] Using procedures analogous to those already described, 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester is prepared from 3-[4-chloro-7-(3-trifluoromethylpyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester.

4. 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid

[0323] 400embedded image

[0324] To a mixture of 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoro-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid ethyl ester (0.5 mmol) in THF (20 ml) and H2O (20 ml), add LiOH (1.5 mmol). Stir the mixture for 2 hours at 60° C. Concentrate, add water, extract with ether, acidify the aqueous layer to pH 4-5, extract with EtOAc, and concentrate to give 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoro-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid.

5. 1-morpholin-4-yl-3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propan-1-one (compound 319)

[0325] 401embedded image

[0326] To a solution of 3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoro-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propionic acid (0.5 mmol) and triethylamine (0.5 mmol) in DMF (10 ml), add BOP (0.5 mmol). Stir the mixture for 18 hours at room temperature, dilute with water, extract with EtOAc, and wash with brine. Concentrate to give 1-morpholin-4-yl-3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propan-1-one. Mass Spec. 575.2.

6. [2-(3-morpholin-4-yl-propyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine hydrochloride (compound 320)

[0327] 402embedded image

[0328] To a solution of 1-morpholin-4-yl-3-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenylamino)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propan-1-one (0.14 mmol) in THF (20 ml), add LAH (0.67 mmol). Stir the mixture for 6 hours at room temperature, quench with 10% NaOH, extract with EtOAc, dry over Na2SO4, and add HCl-EtOAc. Collect the precipitate to give [2-(3-morpholin-4-yl-propyl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine hydrochloride. Mass Spec. 561.2.

F. 4-TRIFLUOROMETHYLPHENYL-[2-(2,6-DIMETHYLMORPHONLI-4-YLMETHYL)-7-(2-TRIFLUOROMETHYL PHENYL)-QUINAZOLIN-4-YL]-AMINE (COMPOUND 321)

1. 7-Bromo-2-chloromethyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one

[0329] 403embedded image

[0330] Reflux a solution of 2-amino-4-bromobenzamide (27 g, 0.13 mol; see Joshi and Chaudhari (1987) Indian J. Chem., Sect. B, 26B(6):602-4) in 2-chloro-1,1,1-trimethoxyethane (50 mL) for 30 minutes, during which time a large precipitate appears. Evaporate the mixture fully and triturate with ether to collect 7-bromo-2-chloromethyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one as a white solid.

2. 7-Bromo-4-chloro-2-chloromethylquinazoline

[0331] 404embedded image

[0332] Heat a mixture of 7-bromo-2-chloromethyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one (5 g, 18.2 mmol), 2,6-lutidine (5 g), and phosphorus oxychloride (5 mL) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (500 mL) at 80° C. for 16 hours. Cool the mixture to room temperature and fully evaporate the mixture, then dilute with ether and wash with water. Dry the solvent (Na2SO4) and evaporate the ether to obtain 7-bromo-4-chloro-2-chloromethylquinazoline as a yellow solid.

3. 7-Bromo-2-chloromethylquinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine

[0333] 405embedded image

[0334] Heat a mixture of 7-bromo-4-chloro-2-chloromethylquinazoline (1168 mg, 4.0 mmol) and 4-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (644 mg, 4.0 mmol) in chloroform (50. mL) at 60° C. for 16 hours. Cool and collect the precipitated product 7-bromo-2-chloromethylquinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine as the HCL salt.

4. [7-Bromo-2-(cis-2,6-dimethylmorpholin-4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-4-(trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine

[0335] 406embedded image

[0336] Heat a mixture of 7-bromo-2-chloromethylquinazolin-4-yl)-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine (416 mg, 1.0 mmol), cis-2,6-dimethylmorpholine (150 mg, 1.3 mmol), and triethylamine (202 mg, 2.0 mmol) in N,N-dimethylacetamide (7 mL) for 1 hour. Cool to room temperature, dilute with EtOAc (50 mL), and wash four times with water (25 mL each). Dry (Na2SO4) and evaporate. Triturate with ether to give [7-bromo-2-(cis-2,6-dimethylmorpholin-4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]4-(trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine as a yellow solid.

5. [2-(cis-2, 6-dimethylmorpholin-4-yloxymethyl)-7-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine

[0337] 407embedded image

[0338] Under nitrogen, heat a mixture of [7-bromo-2-(cis-2,6-dimethylmorpholin-4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-4-(trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine (75 mg, 0.15 mmol), 2-(trifluoromethyl phenyl)boronic acid (45 mg, 0.23 mmol), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (21 mg, 0.018 mmol), 2M Na2CO3 in water (1 mL), and 1,2-dimethoxyethane (5 mL) at 60° C. for 16 hours. Cool the mixture to room temperature, dilute with EtOAc, and wash twice with water (10 mL each). Dry the organic layer (Na2SO4) and evaporate. Purify by preparative TLC (9:1 CH2CL2:MeOH) to obtain [2-(cis-2,6-dimethylmorpholin-4-yloxymethyl-7-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-amine as a yellow solid. Mass Spec. 560.2.

G. [7-(3-METHYL-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-2-PYRROLIDIN-1-YLMETHYL-PYRIDO[3,2-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-YL]-(4-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-PHENYL)-AMINE (COMPOUND 322)

1. 3-Amino-5-(3-methyl(2-pyridyl))pyridine-2-carboxamide

[0339] 408embedded image

[0340] This compound is prepared as described above (Example 1G).

2. [7-(3-Methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2-pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine

[0341] 409embedded image

[0342] This compound is prepared from 3-amino-5-(3-methyl(2-pyridyl))pyridine-2-carboxamide in a manner analogous to that used to prepare [2-pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-7-(3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-amine (Example 3A).

H. ADDITIONAL REPRESENTATIVE SUBSTITUTED 2-AMINOALKYL-QUINAZOLIN-4-YLAMINE ANALOGUES

[0343] Those having skill in the art will recognize that the starting materials may be varied and additional steps employed to produce other compounds encompassed by the present invention. Compounds listed in Table III were prepared using the above methods, with readily apparent modifications. In the column labeled Ki in Table III, * indicates that the Ki for the compound is 1 micromolar or less. Mass Spectrometry data was obtained as described above and is given as M+1. 5

TABLE III
Representative Substituted 2-Aminoalkyl-quinazolin-4-ylamine Analogues
MS
CompoundName(M + 1)Ki
323. 410embedded image [2-{[Methyl-(1-phenyl- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine582.29*
324. 411embedded image [2-[(Indan-1-yl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine594.30*
325. 412embedded image [2-{[Methyl-(1-phenyl- propyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine596.31
326. 413embedded image [2-(1-Methyl-3,4-dihydro- 1H-isoquinolin-2- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine594.30
327. 414embedded image [2-[(Benzyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine568.28
328. 415embedded image [2-(3,4-Dihydro-1H- isoquinolin-2-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine580.28
329. 416embedded image [2-{[(3-Fluoro-benzyl)- methyl-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine586.27
330. 417embedded image [2-{[Methyl-(2-methyl- benzyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine582.29
331. 418embedded image [2-{[(2-Fluoro-benzyl)- methyl-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine586.27
332. 419embedded image [2-[(Benzyl-cyclopropyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine594.31
333. 420embedded image [2-{[Methyl-(2-phenyl- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine582.29
334. 421embedded image [2-Piperidin-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine532.27
335. 422embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.29
336. 423embedded image [2-Azepan-1-ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.30
337. 424embedded image [2-Azocan-1-ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.32*
338. 425embedded image (4-Trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-[7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-2-(3,3,5-trimethyl- azepan-1-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine588.36
339. 426embedded image [2-(1,4-Dioxa-8-aza- spiro[4.5]dec-8-ylmethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine590.30*
340. 427embedded image [2-(Octahydro-quinolin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine586.34*
341. 428embedded image [2-Dimethylaminomethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine492.25*
342. 429embedded image [2-[(Allyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine518.26*
343. 430embedded image [2-Diethylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine520.27*
330. 431embedded image [2-[(Methyl-propyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine520.27*
331. 432embedded image [2-[(Butyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine534.28*
332. 433embedded image [2-[(Ethyl-isopropyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine534.30*
333. 434embedded image [2-Diallylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine544.27*
334. 435embedded image [2-[(Butyl-ethyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine548.31*
335. 436embedded image [2-[(Cyclopropylmethyl- propyl-amino)-methyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.31*
336. 437embedded image [2-[(Hexyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.32*
337. 438embedded image [2-Dibutylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine576.34*
338. 439embedded image [2-[(Isopropyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine520.27*
339. 440embedded image [2-(2-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.28*
340. 441embedded image [2-{[Ethyl-(2-methyl-allyl)- amino]-methyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.28*
341. 442embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.31*
342. 443embedded image [2-(2-Ethyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.30*
343. 444embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-ethyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.33*
344. 445embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine580.30*
345. 446embedded image [2-Dipentylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine604.38*
346. 447embedded image [2-Dihexylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine632.43*
347. 448embedded image [2-(3,5-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.30*
348. 449embedded image [2-{[Methyl-(1-phenyl- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine583.34*
349. 450embedded image [2-[(Indan-1-yl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine595.35*
350. 451embedded image [2-{[Methyl-1-(1-phenyl- propyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine597.36*
351. 452embedded image [2-(1-Methyl-3,4-dihydro- 1H-isoquinolin-2- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine595.35*
352. 453embedded image [2-(3,4-Dihydro-1H- isoquinolin-2-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine581.34*
353. 454embedded image [2-{[(3-Fluoro-benzyl)- methyl-amino]-methyl}-7- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine587.33*
354. 455embedded image [2-{[Methyl-(2-methyl- benzyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine583.34*
355. 456embedded image [2-{[(2-Fluoro-benzyl)- methyl-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine587.32*
356. 457embedded image [2-[(Benzyl-cyclopropyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine595.35
357. 458embedded image [2-[(Methyl-phenethyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine583.35*
358. 459embedded image [2-Pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine519.31*
359. 460embedded image [2-Piperidin-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine533.32*
360. 461embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine547.34*
361. 462embedded image [2-Azepan-1-ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine547.34*
362. 463embedded image [2-Azocan-1-ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.36*
363. 464embedded image (6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 3-yl)-[7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-2-(3,3,5- trimethyl-azepan-1- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine589.40*
364. 465embedded image [2-(1,4-Dioxa-8-aza- spiro[4.5]dec-8-ylmethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(6-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-3-yl)-amine591.35*
365. 466embedded image [2-(Octahydro-quinolin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine587.38*
366. 467embedded image [2-Dimethylaminomethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(6-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-3-yl)-amine493.35*
367. 468embedded image [2-[(Allyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine519.30*
368. 469embedded image [2-Diethylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine521.32*
369. 470embedded image [2-[(Methyl-propyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine521.32*
370. 471embedded image [2-[(Butyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine535.34*
371. 472embedded image [2-[(Ethyl-isopropyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine535.35*
372. 473embedded image [2-Diallylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine545.33*
373. 474embedded image [2-Dipropylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine549.36*
374. 475embedded image [2-[(Butyl-ethyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine549.36*
375. 476embedded image [2-[(Cyclopropylmethyl- propyl-amino)-methyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.36*
376. 477embedded image [2-[(Hexyl-methyl-ainino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine563.37*
377. 478embedded image [2-Dibutylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine577.39*
378. 479embedded image [2-[(Isopropyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine521.32*
379. 480embedded image [2-(2-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine547.34*
380. 481embedded image [2-{[Ethyl-(2-methyl-allyl)- amino]-methyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine547.34*
381. 482embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.36*
382. 483embedded image [2-(2-Ethyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.36*
383. 484embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-ethyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine575.38*
384. 485embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine581.36*
385. 486embedded image [2-Dipentylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine605.43*
386. 487embedded image [2-Dihexylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine633,47*
387. 488embedded image [2-(3,5-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- y)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.36*
388. 489embedded image [2-{2-[Methyl-(1-phenyl- ethyl)-amino]-ethyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine596.33*
389. 490embedded image [2-[2-(Indan-1-yl-methyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine608.34*
390. 491embedded image [2-{2-[Methyl-(1-phenyl- propyl)-amino]-ethyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine610.35*
391. 492embedded image [2-[2-(1-Methyl-3,4- dihydro-1H-isoquinolin-2- yl)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine608.34*
392. 493embedded image [2-[2-(Benzyl-methyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine582.31*
393. 494embedded image [2-[2-(3,4-Dihydro-1H- isoquinolin-2-yl)-ethyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine594.32*
394. 495embedded image [2-{2-[(3-Fluoro-benzyl)- methyl-amino]-ethyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine600.30*
395. 496embedded image [2-{2-[Methyl-(2-methyl- benzyl)-amino]-ethyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine596.33*
396. 497embedded image [2-{2-[(2-Fluoro-benzyl)- methyl-amino]-ethyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine600.30*
397. 498embedded image [2-[2-(Benzyl-cyclopropyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine608.32*
398. 499embedded image [2-[2-(Methyl-phenethyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine596.31*
399. 500embedded image [2-Piperidin-1-ylethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.30*
400. 501embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine548.27*
401. 502embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.30*
402. 503embedded image 2-Azepan-1-ylethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.30*
403. 504embedded image [2-Thiomorpholin-4- ylethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine564.23*
404. 505embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.31*
405. 506embedded image [2-Azocan-1-ylethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.31*
406. 507embedded image (4-Trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-{7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-2-[2-(3,3,5-trimethyl- azepan-1-yl)-ethyl]- quinazolin-4-yl}-amine602.34*
407. 508embedded image [2-[2-(1,4-Dioxa-8-aza- spiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)-ethyl]- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine604.29*
408. 509embedded image [2-(Octahydro-quinolin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine600.35*
409. 510embedded image [2-Dimethylaminoethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine*
410. 511embedded image [2-[(Allyl-methyl-amino)- ethyl]-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine532.25*
411. 512embedded image [2-Diethylaminoethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine534.28*
412. 513embedded image [2-[(Propyl-methyl-amino)- ethyl]-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine534.27*
413. 514embedded image [2-[(Butyl-methyl-amino)- ethyl]-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine548.29*
414. 515embedded image [2-[(Isopropyl-ethyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine548.31*
415. 516embedded image [2-Diallylaminoethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine558.27*
416. 517embedded image [2-Dipropylaminoethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.31*
417. 518embedded image [2-[(Butyl-ethyl-amino)- ethyl]-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine562.31*
418. 519embedded image [2-[(Cyclopropylmethyl- propyl-amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.15*
419. 520embedded image [2-[(Hexyl-methyl-amino)- ethyl]-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine576.32*
420. 521embedded image [2-Dibutylaminoethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine590.33*
421. 522embedded image [2-[(Isopropyl-methyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine534.29*
422. 523embedded image [2-(2-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.30*
423. 524embedded image [2-{2-[Ethyl-(2-methyl- allyl)-amino]-ethyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.29*
424. 525embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-methyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.32*
425. 526embedded image [2-(2-Ethyl-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.31*
426. 527embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-ethyl- amino)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine588.34*
427. 528embedded image [2-{2-[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-ethyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine594.30*
428. 529embedded image [2-Dipentylaminoethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine618.37*
429. 530embedded image [2-Dihexylaminoethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine646.40*
430. 531embedded image [2-(3,5-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.30*
431. 532embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (1-ethyl-pyrrolidin-2- ylmethyl)-amide590.21*
432. 533embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3-pyrrolidin-1-yl- propyl)-amide590.20*
433. 534embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid [3-(4-methyl- piperazin-1-yl)-propyl]- amide*
434. 535embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3-dimethylamino-2,2- dimethyl-propyl)-amide592.22*
435. 536embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-dimethylamino- ethyl)-amide550.17*
436. 537embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3-dimethylamino- propyl)-amide564.19*
437. 538embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-pyrrolidin-1-yl- ethyl)-amide576.19*
438. 539embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-diethylamino- ethyl)-amide578.21*
439. 540embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-piperidin-1-yl- ethyl)-amide590.21*
440. 541embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid [2-(1-methyl- pyrrolidin-2-yl)-ethyl]- amide590.22*
441. 542embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3-diethylamino- propyl)-amide592.23*
442. 543embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-morpholin-4-yl- ethyl)-amide592.19*
443. 544embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3-morpholin-4-yl- propyl)-amide606.21*
444. 545embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-dimethylamino-1- methyl-ethyl)-amide564.20*
445. 546embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (8-methyl-8-aza- bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)- amide*
446. 547embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (4-diethylamino-1- methyl-butyl)-amide620.26*
447. 548embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (1,2,2,6,6- pentamethyl-piperidin-4- yl)-amide632.27*
448. 549embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (1-methyl-piperidin-4- yl)-amide*
449. 550embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid methylamide493.13*
450. 551embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid ethylamide507.15*
451. 552embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid allylamide519.15*
452. 553embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid propylamide521.16*
453. 554embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid cyclopropylmethyl- amide533.17*
454. 555embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-ethoxy-ethyl)-amide551.18*
455. 556embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2-methoxy-ethyl)- amide537.16*
456. 557embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3-methoxy-propyl)- amide551.18*
457. 558embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (tetrahydro-furan-2- ylmethyl)-amide563.18*
458. 559embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (2,2-dimethyl-propyl)- amide549.20*
459. 560embedded image Pyrrolidin-1-yl-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridifl-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone533.17*
460. 561embedded image Piperidin-1-yl-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluorornethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone547.19*
461. 562embedded image Morpholin-4-yl-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone549.17*
462. 563embedded image (4-Methyl-piperidin-1-yl)- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone561.21*
463. 564embedded image Thiomorpholin-4-yl-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone565.15*
464. 565embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxyiic acid allyl-methyl-amide533.17*
465. 566embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid diallylamide559.19*
466. 567embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid dipropylamide563.22*
467. 568embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid dimethylamide*
468. 569embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3,3-dimethyl- cyclohexyl)-amide575.23*
469. 570embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid bis-(2-methoxy-ethyl)- amide595.22*
470. 571embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carboxylic acid (3,5-dimethyl- cyclohexyl)-amide575.24*
471. 572embedded image (4-Isopropyl-piperazin-1- yl)-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone590.25*
472. 573embedded image (4-Methyl-piperazin-1-yl)- [4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone562.21*
473. 574embedded image (4-Cyclopentyl-piperazin-1- yl)-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone616.27*
474. 575embedded image (4-Cycloheptyl-piperazin-1- yl)-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-yl]-methanone644.30*
475. 576embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine506.37*
476. 577embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- piperidin-1-ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine520.39*
477. 578embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine534.29*
478. 579embedded image 1-Pyrrolidin-1-yl-3-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- propan-1-one560.14*
479. 580embedded image [2-(3-Pyrrolidin-1-yl- propyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.16*
480. 581embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine563.30*
481. 582embedded image 2-{1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidin-4-yl}- ethanol577.32*
482. 583embedded image {1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidin-4-yl}- methanol563.30*
483. 584embedded image 4-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperazine-1- carboxylic acid ethyl ester*
484. 585embedded image 1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidin-4-ol549.13*
485. 586embedded image [2-(3-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine547.29*
486. 587embedded image 1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidin-3-ol549.28*
487. 588embedded image 1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidine-4- carboxylic acid amide576.30*
488. 589embedded image 1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidine-3- carboxylic acid ethyl ester605.32*
489. 590embedded image 1 -{4-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- ethanone576.15*
490. 591embedded image {1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidin-3-yl}- methanol563.38*
491. 592embedded image 1-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperidine-4- carboxylic acid ethyl ester605.41*
492. 593embedded image 2-{4-[7-(3-Trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- ylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-piperazin-1-yl}- ethanol578.17*
493. 594embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.14*
494. 595embedded image 2-{1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidin-4-yl}-ethanol576.32*
495. 596embedded image {1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidin-4-yl}-methanol562.15*
496. 597embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidin-4-ol548.12*
497. 598embedded image {1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]piperidin-2-yl}-methanol562.30*
498. 599embedded image [2-(3-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.39*
499. 600embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidin-3-ol548.37*
500. 601embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidine-4-carboxylic acid amide575.15*
501. 602embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidine-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester604.43*
502. 603embedded image {1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidin-3-yl}-methanol562.39*
503. 604embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piper idine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester604.43*
504. 605embedded image 2-{4-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperazin-1-yl}-ethanol577.42*
505. 606embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)562.12*
506. 607embedded image N-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- methanesulfonamide542.27*
507. 608embedded image [2-Pyridin-4-yl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine*
508. 609embedded image [2-Pyridin-3-yl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine*
509. 610embedded image [2-(6-Methoxy-pyridin-3- yl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine542.08*
510. 611embedded image [2-(5H-Tetrazol-5-yl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine*
511. 612embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(5-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-amine535.35*
512. 613embedded image [2-(4-Isopropyl-piperazin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine575.18*
513. 614embedded image [2-(4-Cyclopentyl- piperazin-1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine601.20*
514. 615embedded image [2-[4-(2-Methoxy-ethyl)- piperazin-1-ylmethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine591.17*
515. 616embedded image [2-[4-(2-Dimethylamino- ethyl)-piperazin-1- ylmethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine604.22*
516. 617embedded image [2-[4-(2-Dimethylamino- ethyl)-piperazin-1- ylmethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine632.26*
517. 618embedded image [2-[4-(Pyrrolidin-1-yl- ethyl)-piperazin-1- ylmethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine630.25*
518. 619embedded image [2-[4-(2-Morpholin-4-yl- ethyl)-piperazin-1- ylmethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine646.24*
519. 620embedded image [2-[4-(3-Dimethylamino- propyl)-piperazin-1- ylmethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine618.24*
520. 621embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-amine563.14*
521. 622embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-aminol]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-amine581.15*
522. 623embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperazin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-amine548.13*
523. 624embedded image [2-Piperidin-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yI]-[4- (2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine560.15*
524. 625embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-[4-(2,2,2-trifluoro-1- methyl-ethyl)-phenyl]- amine562.13*
525. 626embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine590.17*
526. 627embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperazin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine575.17*
527. 628embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methyl- ethyl)-phenyl]-amine608.19*
528. 629embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridrn-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(6-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-3-yl)-amine535.08*
529. 630embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine (cis)563.12*
530. 631embedded image [2-Methylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine478.05*
531. 632embedded image [2-Ethylaminomethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine492.07*
532. 633embedded image [2-(Isopropylamino- methyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine506.08*
533. 634embedded image [2-(tert-Butylamino- methyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine520.10*
534. 635embedded image 2-{[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- amino}-ethanol508.07*
535. 636embedded image [2-[(2-Methoxy- ethylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine522.09*
536. 637embedded image [2-(Isobutylamino-methyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine520.11*
537. 638embedded image [2-[(3-Methyl-butylamino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine534.14*
538. 639embedded image [2- Cyclohexylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.14*
539. 640embedded image [2-Hexylaminomethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine548.15*
540. 641embedded image [2-Octylaminomethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine576.19*
541. 642embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(5- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-amine (cis)563.33*
542. 643embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine536.28*
543. 644embedded image [2-(6-Pyrrolidin-1-yl- pyridin-3-yl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoro methyl-phenyl)-amine581.34*
544. 645embedded image [2-[3-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-yl)-propyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine591.39*
545. 646embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-amine536.28*
546. 647embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)563.33*
547. 648embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine (cis)564.32*
548. 649embedded image [2-Thiomorpholin-4- ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine550.27*
549. 650embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.34*
550. 651embedded image [2-Dipropylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine548.33*
551. 652embedded image [2-[(Cyclopropylmethyl- propyl-amino)-methyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.34*
552. 653embedded image [2-(3,5-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.35*
553. 654embedded image [2-(1,1-dioxo-1λ6- thiomorpholin-4-ylmethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(6-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-3-yl)-amine583.28*
554. 655embedded image [2-[(Tetrahydro-thiopyran- 4-ylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine565.30*
555. 656embedded image [2-Thiomorpholin-4- ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine551.27*
556. 657embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.36*
557. 658embedded image [2-Dipropylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine549.34*
558. 659embedded image [2-[(Cyclopropylmethyl- propyl-amino)-methyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.34*
559. 660embedded image [2-(3,5-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine561.35*
560. 661embedded image [2-(Benzylamino-methyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(5-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-amine555.30*
561. 662embedded image [2-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-yl)-ethyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine*
562. 663embedded image 4-{2-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethyl}- piperazine-1-carbaldehyde575.34*
563. 664embedded image [2-[2-(4-Methyl-piperazin- 1-yl)-ethyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine561.36*
564. 665embedded image [2-(4-Ethoxy-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine590.39*
565. 666embedded image [2-(4-Methoxy-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine576.37*
566. 667embedded image [2-[3-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-yl)-propyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine590.37*
567. 668embedded image [2-[3-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-yl)-propyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)590.35*
568. 669embedded image 2-(1-{3-[4-(4- Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- propyl}-piperidin-4-yl)- ethanol604.39*
569. 670embedded image (1-{3-[4-(4- Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- propyl}-piperidin-4-yl)- methanol590.37*
570. 671embedded image 1-{3-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-propyl- piperidin-4-ol576.36*
571. 672embedded image 1-{3-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- propyl}piperidin-3-ol576.35*
572. 673embedded image [2-[3-(3-Methyl-piperidin- 1-yl)-propyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.17*
573. 674embedded image [2-[3-(4-Methyl-piperazin- 1-yl)-propyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine575.36*
574. 675embedded image [2-(Benzylamino-methyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(6-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-3-yl)-amine*
575. 676embedded image [2-[(Benzyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine569.31*
576. 677embedded image [2-[(2-Methoxy- benzylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine585.31*
577. 678embedded image [2-[(4-Methoxy- benzylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine*
578. 679embedded image [2-{[(Pyridin-2-ylmethyl)- amino]-methyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine*
579. 680embedded image [2-Imidazol-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine516.24*
580. 681embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine598.34*
581. 682embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine626.40*
582. 683embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)626.40*
583. 684embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-amine (cis)551.42*
584. 685embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)573.38*
585. 686embedded image 4-{2-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethyl}- piperazine-1-carboxylic acid propyl ester633.41*
586. 687embedded image [2-(4-Hydroxy-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.35*
587. 688embedded image [2-(3-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.36*
588. 689embedded image [2-(3-Hydroxy-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.34*
589. 690embedded image 1-{2-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethyl}- piperidine-4-carboxylic acid amide589.37*
590. 691embedded image 1-{2-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethyl}- piperidine-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester618.39*
591. 692embedded image [2-(3-Methoxy-piperidin-1- ylethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine576.36*
592. 693embedded image 1-{2-[4-(4- Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- ethyl}-piperidine-4- carboxylic acid ethyl ester618.39*
593. 694embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)*
594. 695embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-[4- (propane-1-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine (cis)601.40*
595. 696embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-[4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine (cis)601.40*
596. 697embedded image (R,R)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.14*
597. 698embedded image (S,S)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.27*
598. 699embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)528.12*
599. 700embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(6-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-3-yl)-amine (cis)529.11*
600. 701embedded image (R,R)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine563.14*
601. 702embedded image (S,S)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine563.37*
602. 703embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)592.10*
603. 704embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)509.15*
604. 705embedded image (S,S)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine528.12*
605. 706embedded image (S,S)-(6-tert-Butyl-pyridin- 3-yl)-[7-(3-chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine517.19*
606. 707embedded image (R,R)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine528.11*
607. 708embedded image (R,R)-(6-tert-Butyl-pyridin- 3-yl)-[7-(3-chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine517.18*
608. 709embedded image (S,S)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine529.11*
609. 710embedded image (S,S)-(6-tert-Butyl-pyridin- 3-yl)-[2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine551.22*
610. 711embedded image (R,R)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine529.11*
611. 712embedded image (R,R)-(6-tert-Butyl-pyridin- 3-yl)-[2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine551.22*
612. 713embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- pyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)562.14*
613. 714embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine (cis)537.18*
614. 715embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(2- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- pyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-amine (cis)550.22*
615. 716embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)529.10*
616. 717embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(6- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3- yl)-amine (cis)530.10*
617. 718embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethanesulfonyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)593.09*
618. 719embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)508.16*
619. 720embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- pyridin-2-yl-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)494.14*
620. 721embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)561.15*
621. 722embedded image (R,R)-(4-tert-Butyl- phenyl)-[7-(3-chloro- pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2,6- dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine516.36*
622. 723embedded image (R,R)-(4-Fluoro-phenyl)- [7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine478.25*
623. 724embedded image (R,R)-1-{4-[7-(3-Chloro- pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2,6- dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- ylamino]-phenyl}-ethanone502.29*
624. 725embedded image (R,R)-(4-Chloro-phenyl)- [7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine494.24*
625. 726embedded image (R,R)-(4-Isopropyl- phenyl)-[7-(3-chloro- pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2,6- dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine502.32*
626. 727embedded image (R,R)-(4-Ethyl-phenyl)-[7- (3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine488.30*
627. 728embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperazin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine547.33*
628. 729embedded image [2-(4-Ethyl-piperazin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine561.35*
629. 730embedded image (R,R)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(6- isopropoxy-pyridin-3-yl)- amine519.33*
630. 731embedded image (R,R)-4-[7-(3-Chloro- pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2,6- dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- ylamino]-benzonitrile485.25*
631. 732embedded image (R,R)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine566.30*
632. 733embedded image (6-tert-Butyl-pyridin-3-yl)- [7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine (cis)518.32*
633. 734embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2,6- dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine (cis)517.33*
634. 735embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(3,5-dimethyl-piperazin- 1-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine527.27*
635. 736embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine (cis)496.37*
636. 737embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-pyridin-2-yl- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine (cis)482.35*
637. 738embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(6-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]amine (cis)496.38*
638. 739embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (2-methoxy-phenyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)*
639. 740embedded image 1-{2-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-4- (4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-quinazolin-7- yl]-phenyl}-ethanone (cis)*
640. 741embedded image (S,S)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine536.17*
641. 742embedded image (S,S)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- ethyl-phenyl)-amine522.15*
642. 743embedded image (S,S)-(4-Chloro-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yIl]amine528.08*
643. 744embedded image (S,S)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine600.16*
644. 745embedded image (S,S)-(4-Chloro-phenyl)-[7- (3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine494.05*
645. 746embedded image (S,S)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine566.12*
646. 747embedded image (S)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-(2-methyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-[4-(propane-2-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine552.10*
647. 748embedded image (S)-(4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)- [7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2-methyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine502.14*
648. 749embedded image (S)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-(2-methyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)- amine488.12*
649. 750embedded image (S,S)-(4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)- [7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine516.16*
650. 751embedded image (S,S)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine502.14*
651. 752embedded image (S,S)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin- 2-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4-ethyl- phenyl)-amine488.12*
652. 753embedded image (R,R)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine536.17*
653. 754embedded image (R,R)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- ethyl-phenyl)-amine522.15*
654. 755embedded image (R,R)-(4-Chloro-phenyl)- [2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine528.08*
655. 756embedded image (R,R)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (propane-2-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine600.16*
656. 757embedded image (S)-2-[4-(4- Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid benzyl ester638.51*
657. 758embedded image (R,R)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine563.34*
658. 759embedded image (S,S)-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine563.34*
659. 760embedded image [2-Azepan-1-ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine547.34*
660. 761embedded image [2-Thiomorpholin-4- ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine551.28*
661. 762embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine561.37*
662. 763embedded image [2-[(Allyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine519.28*
663. 764embedded image [2-Diallylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine545.32*
664. 765embedded image [2-Dipropylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine549.36*
665. 766embedded image [2-[(Cyclopropylmethyl- propyl-amino)-methyl]-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine561.37*
666. 767embedded image [2-Dibutylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluonmethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine577.41*
667. 768embedded image [2-{[Ethyl-(2-methyl-allyl)- amino]-methyl}-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine547.34*
668. 769embedded image [2-(3,5-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)561.37*
669. 770embedded image [2-(3-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine547.34*
670. 771embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine581.36*
671. 772embedded image [2-(5,6-Dihydro-4H- pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine531.12*
672. 773embedded image (R)-(4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)- [7-(3-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2-methyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine502.17*
673. 774embedded image (R)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-(2-methyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)- amine488.15*
674. 775embedded image (R)-[7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2- yl)-2-(2-methyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine514,09*
675. 776embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-pyridin-4-yl- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine (cis)482.43*
676. 777embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-pyridin-3-yl- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine (cis)482.43*
677. 778embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-pyrimidin-5-yl- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine (cis)483.43*
678. 779embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7- (2,4-dimethoxy-pyrimidin- 5-yl)-2-(2,6-dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine (cis)543.50*
679. 780embedded image [2-Piperidin-4-yl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine518.35*
680. 781embedded image (4-sec-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-(2,6- dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4-yl]- amine (cis)516.46*
681. 782embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)502.44*
682. 783embedded image (R)-(4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)- [2-(2-methyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine536.49*
683. 784embedded image (R)-[2-(2-Methyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine548.43*
684. 785embedded image (R)-(4-Isopropyl-phenyl)- [2-(2-methyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine522.47*
685. 786embedded image (S)-(4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)- [2-(2-methyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine536.50*
686. 787embedded image (S)-[2-(2-Methyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine548.43*
687. 788embedded image (S)-(4-Isopropyl-phenyl)- [2-(2-methyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine522.47*
688. 789embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine (cis)536.50*
689. 790embedded image [2-(1-Ethyl-piperidin-4-yl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine546.45*
690. 791embedded image [2-(1-Propyl-piperidin-4- yl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine560.48*
691. 792embedded image [2-(1-Pyridin-4-ylmethyl- piperidin-4-yl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine609.52*
692. 793embedded image [2-[1-(1-Methyl-1H- imidazol-2-ylmethyl)- piperidin-4-yl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine612.54*
693. 794embedded image 1-{4-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- piperidin-1-yl}-ethanone560.45*
694. 795embedded image 1-{4-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- piperidin-1-yl}-propan-1- one574.47*
695. 796embedded image (S)-[2-Pyrrolidin-2-yl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine504.37*
696. 797embedded image (S)-[2-(1-Propyl-pyrrolidin- 2-yl)-7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine546.50*
697. 798embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (1,1-dioxo-1λ6- isothiazolidin-2-ylmethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine556.56*
698. 799embedded image 1-{4-[2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino]- phenyl}-ethanone (cis)537.51*
699. 800embedded image [2-Imidazol-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine516.41*
700. 801embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-imidazol-1-ylmethyl- pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine482.35*
701. 802embedded image [2-Imidazol-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine515.41*
702. 803embedded image (2,6-Dimethyl-morpholin- 4-yl)-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- methanone (cis)576.46*
703. 804embedded image [2-(1-Methanesulfonyl- piperidin-4-yl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine596.15*
704. 805embedded image 2-Methyl-2-{[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- amino}-propan-1-ol536.19*
705. 806embedded image [2-(4-Methyl- [1,4]diazepan-1-ylmethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine561.23*
706. 807embedded image N,N,N′-Trimethyl-N′-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- propane-1,3-diamine563.25*
707. 808embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazoline-2- carboxylic acid dimethylamide506.40*
708. 809embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazoline-2- carboxylic acid methylamide*
709. 810embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazoline-2- carboxylic acid (2- morpholin-4-yl-ethyl)- amide591.55*
710. 811embedded image (4-Cyclopropyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine (cis)534.53*
711. 812embedded image [2-Dimethylaminomethyl- 7-(3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine412.25*
712. 813embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2- morpholin-4-ylmethyl- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine454.25*
713. 814embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)-2- thiomorpholin-4-ylmethyl- quinazolin-4-yl]-amine470.23*
714. 815embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)- amine480.30*
715. 816embedded image [2-[(Ethyl-propyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)- amine440.27*
716. 817embedded image (4-Isopropyl-phenyl)-[2- [(methyl-propyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-amine440.27*
717. 818embedded image [2-[(Ethyl-isopropyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine454.30*
718. 819embedded image [2-[(Isopropyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine440.27*
719. 820embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- isopropyl-phenyl)-amine500.31*
720. 821embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,6-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine (cis)*
721. 822embedded image [2-Dimethylaminomethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-[4-(morpholine-4- sulfonyl)-phenyl]-amine573.21*
722. 823embedded image [2-[(Methyl-propyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine601.26*
723. 824embedded image [2-[(Isopropyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine601.26*
724. 825embedded image [2-[(Ethyl-propyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-[4- (morpholine-4-sulfonyl)- phenyl]-amine601.24*
725. 826embedded image [2-[(Bis-ethoxymethyl- amino)-methyl]-7 -(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine526.23*
726. 827embedded image [2-Dipropylaminomethyl-7- (3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine494.24*
727. 828embedded image 3-[7-(3-Methyl-pyridin-2- yl)-4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-2-yl]- azetidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester537.19*
728. 829embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidine-4-carboxylic acid576.18*
729. 830embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidine-3-carboxylic acid576.18*
730. 831embedded image (S)-1-[4-(4- Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid562.16*
731. 832embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine506.24*
732. 833embedded image (R)-1-[7-(3-Methyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-pyrrolidin-3-ol480.20*
733. 834embedded image (R)-{1-[7-(3-Methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-quinazolin- ylmethyl]-pyrrolidin-3-yl}- methanol494.21*
734. 835embedded image (S)-{1-[7-(3-Methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-quinazolin-2- ylmethyl]-pyrrolidin-3-yl}- methanol494.21*
735. 836embedded image [2-Azetidin-3-yl-7-(3- methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine437.32*
736. 837embedded image 1-{2-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]-ethyl}- piperidine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester586.39*
737. 838embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- piperidine-2-carboxylic acid576.45*
738. 839embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)509.23*
739. 840embedded image [2-(2,2-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine562.22*
740. 841embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(2,2-dimethyl-morpholin- 4-ylmethyl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine528.42*
741. 842embedded image (4-Cyclopropyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,2-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-4-yl]-amine534.48*
742. 843embedded image [2-(2,2-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[3,2- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine563.44*
743. 844embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine527.47*
744. 845embedded image (S)-1-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid550.50*
745. 846embedded image (R)-1-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid550.49*
746. 847embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3-methyl- pyridin-2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine507.25*
747. 848embedded image (S)-1-[7-(3-Methyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-2-ylmethyl]- pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid*
748. 849embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine (cis)563.20*
749. 850embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine581.21*
750. 851embedded image [2-(3,3-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine561.23*
751. 852embedded image (S)-1-[4-(4- Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-2- carboxylic acid*
752. 853embedded image (S)-1-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 2-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-2- carboxylic acid551.24*
753. 854embedded image (R,S)-1-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- 4-hydroxy-pyrrolidine-2- carboxylic acid566.50*
754. 855embedded image 2-{[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- propyl-amino}-ethanol538.50*
755. 856embedded image {1-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl]- pyrrolidin-2-yl}-methanol536.49*
756. 857embedded image [2-(1,1-Dioxo-1λ6- [1,2]thiazinan-2-ylmethyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)-quinazolin-4- yl]-(4-trifluorornethyl- phenyl)-amine582.41*
757. 858embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[2- (2,6-dimethyl-morpholin-4- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-amine (cis)551.54*
758. 859embedded image (S)-1-[4-(4-tert-Butyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 2-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-2- carboxylic acid551.51*
759. 860embedded image Piperidin-1-yl-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]I- methanone546.42*
760. 861embedded image (4-Cyclopentyl-piperazin-1- yl)-[4-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazolin-2-yl]- methanone*
761. 862embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazoline-2- carboxylic acid (3-methyl- butyl)-amide548.43*
762. 863embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazoline-2- carboxylic acid (2- methoxy-ethyl)-amide536.39*
763. 864embedded image 4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-quinazoline-2- carboxylic acid (2- pyrrolidin-1-yl-ethyl)- amide575.47*
764. 865embedded image {[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridrn-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carbonyl]- amino}-acetic acid537.37*
765. 866embedded image 3-{[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2- carbonyl]-amino}- propionic acid551.40*
766. 867embedded image 4-{[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carbonyl]- amino}-butyric acid565.42*
767. 868embedded image 1-[4-(4-Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2- carbonyl]-piperidine-4- carboxylic acid591.46*
768. 869embedded image (S)-1-[4-(4- Trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidine-2-carbonyl]- pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid577.44*
769. 870embedded image (4-tert-Butyl-phenyl)-[7-(3- chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-(1- methyl-piperidin-4-yl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4- yl]-amine487.46*
770. 871embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(1-methyl-piperidin-4- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)- amine473.43*
771. 872embedded image [7-(3-Chloro-pyridin-2-yl)- 2-(1-methyl-piperidin-4- yl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin- 4-yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine499.39*
722. 873embedded image (R)-2-[4-(4-Chloro- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-pyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-2-yl]- pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid methyl ester529.26*
773. 874embedded image [2-(2,6-Dimethyl- morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine (cis)562.2*
774. 875embedded image [2-(2-Methyl-pyrrolidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine*
775. 876embedded image [2-{[Bis-(2-methoxy- ethyl)-amino]-methyl}-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine580.3*
776. 877embedded image [2-Propylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine
777. 878embedded image [2-[(2-Methyl-butylamino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
778. 879embedded image [2-[(Cyclopropylmethyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
779. 880embedded image [2-(Isobutylamino-methyl)- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
780. 881embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexylmethyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
781. 882embedded image [2-[2,2-Dimethyl- propylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
782. 883embedded image [2-[(2-Ethoxy-ethylamino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
783. 884embedded image [2-[(2-Isopropoxy- ethylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
784. 885embedded image [2-{[(1-Ethyl-pyrrolidin-2- ylmethyl)-amino]-methyl}- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
785. 886embedded image N,N-Dimethyl-N′-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-2- ylmethyl]-ethane-1,2- diamine
786. 887embedded image [2- Cyclopropylaminomethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
787. 888embedded image [2- Cyclohexylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine
788. 889embedded image [2-Cyclobutylaminomethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
789. 890embedded image [2- Cyclopentylaminomethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
790. 891embedded image [2-[(4-Methyl- cyclohexylamino)-methyl]- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
791. 892embedded image [2-[(2-Methyl- cyclohexylamino)-methyl]- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
792. 893embedded image [2-(Isopropylamino- methyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
793. 894embedded image [2-(sec-Butylamino- methyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
794. 895embedded image [2-[(1,2-Dimethyl- propylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
795. 896embedded image [2-[(2-Methoxy-1-methyl- ethylamino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
796. 897embedded image [2-(tert-Butylamino- methyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
797. 898embedded image N1,N1-Dimethyl-N2-[4-(4- trifluoromethyl- phenylamino)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]nathphyridin-2-ylmethyl]-propane-1,2- diamine
798. 899embedded image [2-Pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine
799. 900embedded image [2-Piperidin-1-ylmethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine532.22*
800. 901embedded image [2-Morpholin-4-ylmethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine534.20*
801. 902embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.23
802. 903embedded image [2-Thiomorpholin-4- ylmethyl-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine550.17*
803. 904embedded image [2-Diethylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine520.22
804. 905embedded image [2-[(Methyl-propyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine520.22
805. 906embedded image [2-[(Butyl-methyl-amino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine534.23
806. 907embedded image [2-[(Ethyl-isopropyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
807. 908embedded image [2-Dipropylaminomethyl-7- (3-trifluoromethyl-pyridin- 2-yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4- yl]-(4-trifluoromethyl- phenyl)-amine548.25
808. 909embedded image [2-Dimethylaminomethyl- 7-(3-trifluoromethyl- pyridin-2-yl)- [1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]-(4- trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
809. 910embedded image [2-[(Isopropyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine520.22
810. 911embedded image [2-(2-Methyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine546.23*
811. 912embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.25
812. 913embedded image [2-(2-Ethyl-piperidin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.24*
813. 914embedded image [2-[(Cyclohexyl-ethyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine574.26*
814. 915embedded image [2-(3,5-Dimethyl-piperidin- 1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine560.25
815. 916embedded image [2-(2,5-Dihydro-pyrrol-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
816. 917embedded image [2-(3,6-Dihydro-2H- pyridin-1-ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine530.20*
817. 918embedded image [2-(4-Methyl-piperazin-1- ylmethyl)-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine547.22*
818. 919embedded image [2-[(Diisopropylamino)- methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine
819. 920embedded image [2-[(Benzyl-methyl- amino)-methyl]-7-(3- trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2- yl)-[1,8]naphthyridin-4-yl]- (4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- amine568.22

Example 4

VR1-Transfected Cells and Membrane Preparations

[0344] This Example illustrates the preparation of VR1-transfected cells and VR1-containing membrane preparations for use in capsaicin binding assays (Example 5).

[0345] A cDNA encoding full length human capsaicin receptor (SEQ ID NO: 1, 2 or 3 of U.S. Pat. No. 6,482,611) was subcloned in the plasmid pBK-CMV (Stratagene, La Jolla, Calif.) for recombinant expression in mammalian cells.

[0346] Human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells were transfected with the pBK-CMV expression construct encoding the full length human capsaicin receptor using standard methods. The transfected cells were selected for two weeks in media containing G418 (400 μg/ml) to obtain a pool of stably transfected cells. Independent clones were isolated from this pool by limiting dilution to obtain clonal stable cell lines for use in subsequent experiments.

[0347] For radioligand binding experiments, cells were seeded in T175 cell culture flasks in media without antibiotics and grown to approximately 90% confluency. The flasks were then washed with PBS and harvested in PBS containing 5 mM EDTA. The cells were pelleted by gentle centrifugation and stored at −80° C. until assayed.

[0348] Previously frozen cells were disrupted with the aid of a tissue homogenizer in ice-cold HEPES homogenization buffer (5 mM KCl 5, 5.8 mM NaCl, 0.75 mM CaCl2, 2 mM MgCl2, 320 mM sucrose, and 10 mM HEPES pH 7.4). Tissue homogenates were first centrifuged for 10 minutes at 1000×g (4° C.) to remove the nuclear fraction and debris, and then the supernatant from the first centrifugation is further centrifuged for 30 minutes at 35,000×g (4° C.) to obtain a partially purified membrane fraction. Membranes were resuspended in the HEPES homogenization buffer prior to the assay. An aliquot of this membrane homogenate was used to determine protein concentration via the Bradford method (BIO-RAD Protein Assay Kit, #500-0001, BIO-RAD, Hercules, Calif.).

Example 5

Capsaicin Receptor Binding Assay

[0349] This Example illustrates a representative assay of capsaicin receptor binding that may be used to determine the binding affinity of compounds for the capsaicin (VR1) receptor.

[0350] Binding studies with [3H] Resiniferatoxin (RTX) are carried out essentially, as described by Szallasi and Blumberg (1992) J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ter. 262:883-888. In this protocol, non-specific RTX binding is reduced by adding bovine alpha1 acid glycoprotein (100 μg per tube) after the binding reaction has been terminated.

[0351] [3H] RTX (37 Ci/mmol) is synthesized by and obtained from the Chemical Synthesis and Analysis Laboratory, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Frederick, Md. [3H] RTX may also be obtained from commercial vendors (e.g., Amersham Pharmacia Biotech, Inc.; Piscataway, N.J.).

[0352] The membrane homogenate of Example 4 is centrifuged as before and resuspended to a protein concentration of 333 μg/ml in homogenization buffer. Binding assay mixtures are set up on ice and contain [3H]RTX (specific activity 2200 mCi/ml), 2 μl non-radioactive test compound, 0.25 mg/ml bovine serum albumin (Cohn fraction V), and 5×104-1×105 VR1-transfected cells. The final volume is adjusted to 500 μl (for competition binding assays) or 1,000 μl (for saturation binding assays) with the ice-cold HEPES homogenization buffer solution (pH 7.4) described above. Non-specific binding is defined as that occurring in the presence of 1 μM non-radioactive RTX (Alexis Corp.; San Diego, Calif.). For saturation binding, [3H]RTX is added in the concentration range of 7-1,000 pM, using 1 to 2 dilutions. Typically 11 concentration points are collected per saturation binding curve.

[0353] Competition binding assays are performed in the presence of 60 pM [3 H]RTX and various concentrations of test compound. The binding reactions are initiated by transferring the assay mixtures into a 37° C. water bath and are terminated following a 60 minute incubation period by cooling the tubes on ice. Membrane-bound RTX is separated from free, as well as any alpha,-acid glycoprotein-bound RTX, by filtration onto WALLAC glass fiber filters (PERKIN-ELMER, Gaithersburg, Md.) which were pre-soaked with 1.0% PEI (polyethyleneimine) for 2 hours prior to use. Filters are allowed to dry overnight then counted in a WALLAC 1205 BETA PLATE counter after addition of WALLAC BETA SCINT scintillation fluid.

[0354] Equilibrium binding parameters are determined by fitting the allosteric Hill equation to the measured values with the aid of the computer program FIT P (Biosoft, Ferguson, Mo.) as described by Szallasi, et al. (1993) J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 266:678-683. Compounds provided herein generally exhibit Ki values for capsaicin receptor of less than 1 μM, 100 nM, 50 nM, 25 nM, 10 nM, or 1 nM in this assay.

Example 6

Calcium Mobilization Assay

[0355] This Example illustrates representative calcium mobilization assays for use in evaluating test compounds for agonist and antagonist activity.

[0356] Cells transfected with expression plasmids (as described in Example 4) and thereby expressing human capsaicin receptor are seeded and grown to 70-90% confluency in FALCON black-walled, clear-bottomed 96-well plates (#3904, BECTON-DICKINSON, Franklin Lakes, N.J.). The culture medium is emptied from the 96 well plates and, FLUO-3 AM calcium sensitive dye (Molecular Probes, Eugene, Oreg.) is added to each well (dye solution: 1 mg FLUO-3 AM, 440 μL DMSO and 440 μl 20% pluronic acid in DMSO, diluted 1:250 in Krebs-Ringer HEPES (KRH) buffer (25 mM HEPES, 5 mM KCl, 0.96 mM NaH2PO4, 1 mM MgSO4, 2 mM CaCl2, 5 mM glucose, 1 mM probenecid, pH 7.4), 50 μl diluted solution per well). Plates are covered with aluminum foil and incubated at 37° C. for 1-2 hours in an environment containing 5% CO2. After-the incubation, the dye is emptied from the plates, and the cells are washed once with KRH buffer, and resuspended in KRH buffer.

[0357] Determination Capsaicin EC50

[0358] To measure the ability of a test compound to agonize or antagonize a calcium mobilization response in cells expressing capsaicin receptors to capsaicin or other vanilloid agonist, the EC50 of the agonist capsaicin is first determined. An additional 20 μl of KRH buffer and 1 μl DMSO is added to each well of cells, prepared as described above. 100 μl capsaicin in KRH buffer is automatically transferred by the FLIPR instrument to each well. Capsaicin-induced calcium mobilization is monitored using either-FLUOROSKAN ASCENT (Labsystems; Franklin, Mass.) or FLIPR (fluorometric imaging plate reader system; Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, Calif.) instruments. Data obtained between 30 and 60 seconds after agonist application are used to generate an 8-point concentration response curve, with final capsaicin concentrations of 1 nM to 3 μM. KALEIDAGRAPH software (Synergy Software, Reading, Pa.) is used to fit the data to the equation:

y=a*(1/(b/x)c))

[0359] to determine the 50% excitatory concentration (EC50) for the response. In this equation, y is the maximum fluorescence signal, x is the concentration of the agonist or antagonist (in this case, capsaicin), a is the Emax, b corresponds to the EC50 value and-c is the Hill coefficient.

[0360] Determination of Agonist Activity

[0361] Test compounds are dissolved in DMSO, diluted in KRH buffer, and immediately added to cells prepared as described above. 100 nM capsaicin (an approximate EC90 concentration) is also added to cells in the same 96-well plate as a positive control. The final concentration of test compounds in the assay wells is between 0.1 nM and 5 μM.

[0362] The ability of a test compound to act as an agonist of the capsaicin receptor is determined by measuring the fluorescence response of cells expressing capsaicin receptors elicited by the compound as function of compound concentration. This data is fit as described above to obtain the EC50, which is generally less than 1 micromolar, preferably less than 100 nM, and more preferably less than 10 nM. The extent of efficacy of each test compound is also determined by calculating the response elicited by a concentration of test compound (typically 1 μM) relative to the response elicited by 100 nM capsaicin. This value, called Percent of Signal (POS), is calculated by the following equation:

POS=100*test compound response/100 nM capsaicin response

[0363] This analysis provides quantitative assessment of both the potency and efficacy of test compounds as human capsaicin receptor agonists. Agonists of the human capsaicin receptor generally elicit detectable responses at concentrations less than 100 μM, or preferably at concentrations less than 1 μM, or most preferably at concentrations less than 10 nM. Extent of efficacy at human capsaicin receptor is preferably greater than 30 POS, more preferably greater than 80 POS at a concentration of 1 μM. Certain agonists are essentially free of antagonist activity as demonstrated by the absence of detectable antagonist activity in the assay described below at compound concentrations below 4 nM, more preferably at concentrations below 10 μM and most preferably at concentrations less than or equal to 100 μM.

[0364] Determination of Antagonist Activity

[0365] Test compounds are dissolved in DMSO, diluted in 20 μl KRH buffer so that the final concentration of test compounds in the assay well is between 1 μM and 5 μM, and added to cells prepared as described above. The 96 well plates containing prepared cells and test compounds are incubated in the dark, at room temperature for 0.5 to 6 hours. It is important that the incubation not continue beyond 6 hours. Just prior to determining the fluorescence response, 100 pl capsaicin in KRH buffer at twice the EC50 concentration determined as described above is automatically added by the FLIPR instrument to each well of the 96 well plate for a final sample volume of 200 μl and a final capsaicin concentration equal to the EC50. The final concentration of test compounds in the assay wells is between 1 μM and 5 μM. Antagonists of the capsaicin receptor decrease this response by at least about 20%, preferably by at least about 50%, and most preferably by at least 80%, as compared to matched control (i.e., cells treated with capsaicin at twice the EC50 concentration in the absence of test compound), at a concentration of 10 micromolar or less, preferably 1 micromolar or less. The concentration of antagonist required to provide a 50% decrease, relative to the response observed in the presence of capsaicin and without antagonist, is the IC50 for the antagonist, and is preferably below 1 micromolar, 100 nanomolar, 10 nanomolar or 1 nanomolar.

[0366] Certain preferred VRI modulators are antagonists that are essentially free of agonist activity as demonstrated by the absence of detectable agonist activity in the assay described above at compound concentrations below 4 nM, more preferably at concentrations below 10 μM and most preferably at concentrations less than or equal to 100 μM.

Example 7

Microsomal In Vitro Half-Life

[0367] This Example illustrates the evaluation of compound half-life values (t1/2 values) using a representative liver microsomal half-life assay.

[0368] Pooled human liver microsomes are obtained from XenoTech LLC (Kansas City, Kans.). Such liver microsomes may also be obtained from In Vitro Technologies (Baltimore, Md.) or Tissue Transformation Technologies (Edison, N.J.). Six test reactions are prepared, each containing 25 μl microsomes, 5 μl of a 100 μM solution of test compound, and 399 μl 0.1 M phosphate buffer (19 mL 0.1 M NaH2PO4, 81 mL 0.1 M Na2HPO4, adjusted to pH 7.4 with H3PO4). A seventh reaction is prepared as a positive control containing 25 μl microsomes, 399 μl 0.1 M phosphate buffer, and 5 μl of a 100 μM solution of a compound with known metabolic properties (e.g., DIAZEPAM or CLOZAPINE). Reactions are preincubated,at 39° C. for 10 minutes.

[0369] CoFactor Mixture is prepared by diluting 16.2 mg NADP and 45.4 mg Glucose-6-phosphate in 4 mL 100 mM MgCl2. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase solution is prepared by diluting 214.3 μl glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase suspension (Roche Molecular Biochemicals; Indianapolis, Ind.) into 1285.7 μl distilled water. 71 μl Starting Reaction Mixture (3 mL CoFactor Mixture; 1.2 mL Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase solution) is added to 5 of the 6 test reactions and to the positive control. 71 μl 100 mM MgCl2 is added to the sixth test reaction, which is used as a negative control. At each time point (0, 1, 3, 5, and 10 minutes), 75 μl of each reaction mix is pipetted into a well of a 96-well deep-well plate containing 75 μl ice-cold acetonitrile. Samples are vortexed and centrifuged 10 minutes at 3500 rpm (Sorval T 6000D centrifuge, H1000B rotor). 75 μl of supernatant from each reaction is transferred to a well of a 96-well plate containing 150 μl of a 0.5 μM solution of a compound with a known LCMS profile (internal standard) per well. LCMS analysis of each sample is carried out and the amount of unmetabolized test compound is measured as AUC, compound concentration vs. time is plotted, and the t1/2 value of the test compound is extrapolated.

[0370] Preferred compounds provided herein exhibit in vitro t1/2 values of greater than 10 minutes and less than 4 hours, preferably between 30 minutes and 1 hour, in human liver microsomes.

Example 8

MDCK Toxicity Assay

[0371] This Example illustrates the evaluation of compound toxicity using a Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell cytotoxicity assay.

[0372] 1 μL of test compound is added to each well of a clear bottom 96-well plate (PACKARD, Meriden, Conn.) to give final concentration of compound in the assay of 10 micromolar, 100 micromolar or 200 micromolar. Solvent without test compound is added to control wells.

[0373] MDCK cells,. ATCC no. CCL-34 (American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, Va.), are maintained in sterile conditions following the instructions in the ATCC, production information sheet. Confluent MDCK cells are trypsinized, harvested, and diluted to a concentration of 0.1×106 cells/ml with warm (37° C.) medium (VITACELL Minimum Essential Medium Eagle, ATCC catalog # 30-2003). 100 μL of diluted cells is added to each well, except for five standard curve control wells that contain 100 μL of warm medium without cells. The plate is then incubated at 37° C. under 95% O2, 5%-CO2 for 2 hours with constant shaking. After incubation, 50 μL of mammalian cell lysis solution (from the PACKARD (Meriden, Conn.) ATP-LITE-M Luminescent ATP detection kit) is added per well, the wells are covered with PACKARD TOPSEAL stickers, and plates are shaken at approximately 700 rpm on a suitable shaker for 2 minutes.

[0374] Compounds causing toxicity will decrease ATP production, relative to untreated cells. The ATP-LITE-M Luminescent ATP detection kit is generally used according to the manufacturer's instructions to measure ATP production in treated and untreated MDCK cells. PACKARD ATP LITE-M reagents are allowed to equilibrate to room temperature. Once equilibrated, the lyophilized substrate solution is reconstituted in 5.5 mL of substrate buffer solution (from kit). Lyophilized ATP standard solution is reconstituted in deionized water to give a 10 mM stock. For the five control wells, 10 μL of serially diluted PACKARD standard is added to each of the standard curve control wells to yield a final concentration in each subsequent well of 200 nM, 100 nM, 50 nM, 25 nM and 12.5 nM. PACKARD substrate solution (50 μL) is added to all wells, which are then covered, and the plates are shaken at approximately 700 rpm on a suitable shaker for 2 minutes. A white PACKARD sticker is attached to the bottom of each plate and samples are dark adapted by wrapping plates in foil and placing in the dark for 10 minutes. Luminescence is then measured at 22° C. using a luminescence counter (e.g., PACKARD TOPCOUNT Microplate Scintillation and Luminescence Counter or TECAN SPECTRAFLUOR PLUS), and ATP levels calculated from the standard curve. ATP levels in cells treated with test compound(s) are compared to the levels determined for untreated cells. Cells treated with 10 μM of a preferred test compound exhibit ATP levels that are at least 80%, preferably at least 90%, of the untreated cells. When a 1.00 μM concentration of the test compound is used, cells treated with preferred test compounds exhibit ATP levels that are at least 50%, preferably at least 80%, of the ATP levels detected in untreated cells.

Example 9

Dorsal Root Ganglion Cell Assay

[0375] This Example illustrates a representative dorsal root ganglian cell assay for evaluating VR1 antagonist or agonist activity of a compound.

[0376] DRG are dissected from neonatal rats, dissociated and cultured using standard methods (Aguayo and White (1992) Brain Research 570:61-67). After 48 hour incubation, cells are washed once and incubated for 30-60 minutes with the calcium sensitive dye Fluo 4 AM (2.5-10 ug/ml; TefLabs, Austin, Tex.). Cells are then washed once. Addition of capsaicin to the cells. results in a VR1-dependent increase in intracellular calcium levels which is monitored by a change in Fluo-4 fluorescence with a fluorometer. Data are collected for 60-180 seconds to determine the maximum fluorescent signal.

[0377] For antagonist assays, various concentrations of compound are added to the cells. Fluorescent signal is then plotted as a function of compound-concentration to identify the concentration required to achieve a 50% inhibition of the capsaicin-activated response, or IC50. Antagonists of the capsaicin receptor preferably have an IC50 below 1 micromolar, 100 nanomolar, 10 nanomolar or 1 nanomolar.

[0378] For agonist assays, various concentrations of compound are added to the cells without the addition of capsaicin. Compounds that are capsaicin receptor agonists result in a VR1-dependent increase in intracellular calcium levels which is monitored by a change in Fluo-4 fluorescence with a fluorometer. The EC50, or concentration required to achieve 50% of the maximum signal for a capsaicin-activated response, is preferably below 1 micromolar, below 100 nanomolar or below 10 nanomolar.

Example 10

Animal Models for Determining Pain Relief

[0379] This Example illustrates representative methods for assessing the degree of pain relief provided by a compound.

[0380] A. Pain Relief Testing

[0381] The following methods may be used to assess pain relief.

[0382] Mechanical Allodynia

[0383] Mechanical allodynia (an abnormal response to an innocuous stimulus) is assessed essentially as described by Chaplan et al. (1994) J. Neurosci. Methods 53:55-63 and Tal and Eliav (1998) Pain 64(3):511-518. A series of von Frey filaments of varying rigidity (typically 8-14 filaments in a series) are applied to the plantar surface of the hind paw with just enough force to bend the filament. The filaments are held in this position for no more than three seconds or until a positive allodynic response is displayed by the rat. A positive allodynic response consists of lifting the affected paw followed immediately by licking or shaking of the paw. The order and frequency with which the individual filaments are applied are determined by using Dixon up-down method. Testing is initiated with the middle hair of the series with subsequent filaments being applied in consecutive fashion, ascending or descending, depending on whether a negative or positive response, respectively, is obtained with the initial filament.

[0384] Compounds are effective in reversing or preventing mechanical allodynia-like symptoms if rats treated with such compounds require stimulation with a Von Frey filament of higher rigidity strength to provoke a positive allodynic response as compared to control untreated or vehicle treated rats. Alternatively, or in addition, testing of an animal in chronic pain may be done before and after compound administration. In such an assay, an effective compound results in an increase in the rigidity of the filament needed to induce a response after treatment, as compared to the filament that induces a response before treatment or in an animal that is also in chronic pain but is left untreated or is treated with vehicle. Test compounds are administered before or after onset of pain. When a test compound is administered after pain onset, testing is performed 10 minutes to three hours after administration.

[0385] Mechanical Hyperalgesia

[0386] Mechanical hyperalgesia (an exaggerated response to painful stimulus) is tested essentially as described by Koch et al. (1996) Analgesia 2(3):157-164. Rats are placed in individual compartments of a cage with a warmed, perforated metal floor. Hind paw withdrawal duration (i.e., the amount of time for which the animal holds its paw up before placing it back on the floor) is measured after a mild pinprick to the plantar surface of either hind paw.

[0387] Compounds produce a reduction in mechanical hyperalgesia if there is a statistically significant decrease in the duration of hindpaw withdrawal. Test compound may be administered before or after onset of pain. For compounds administered after pain onset, testing is performed 10 minutes to three hours after administration.

[0388] Thermal Hyperalgesia

[0389] Thermal hyperalgesia (an exaggerated response to noxious thermal stimulus) is measured essentially as described by Hargreaves et al. (1988) Pain. 32(1):77-88. Briefly, a constant radiant heat source is applied the animals' plantar surface of either hind paw. The time to withdrawal (i.e., the amount of time that heat is applied before the animal moves its paw), otherwise described as thermal threshold or latency, determines the animal's hind paw sensitivity to heat.

[0390] Compounds produce a reduction in thermal hyperalgesia if there is a statistically significant increase in the time to hindpaw withdrawal (i.e., the thermal threshold to response or latency is increased). Test compound may be administered before or after onset of pain. For compounds administered after pain onset, testing is performed 10 minutes to three hours after administration.

[0391] B. Pain Models

[0392] Pain may be induced using any of the following methods, to allow testing of analgesic efficacy of a compound. In general, compounds provided herein result in a statistically significant reduction in pain as determined by at least one of the previously described testing methods, using male SD rats and at least one of the following models.

[0393] Acute Inflammatory Pain Model

[0394] Acute inflammatory pain is induced using the carrageenan model essentially as described by Field et al. (1997) Br. J. Pharmacol. 121(8):1513-1522. 100-200 μl of 1-2% carrageenan solution is injected into the rats' hind paw. Three to four hours following injection, the animals' sensitivity to thermal and mechanical stimuli is tested using the methods described above. A test compound (0:01 to 50 mg/kg) is administered-to the animal, prior to testing, or prior to injection of carrageenan. The compound can be administered orally or through any parenteral route, or topically on the paw. Compounds that relieve pain in this model result in a statistically significant reduction in mechanical allodynia and/or thermal hyperalgesia.

[0395] Chronic Inflammatory Pain Model

[0396] Chronic inflammatory pain is induced using one of the following protocols:

[0397] 1. Essentially as described by Bertorelli et al. (1999) Br. J. Pharmacol. 128(6):1252-1258, and Stein et al. (1998) Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 31(2):455-51, 200 μl Complete Freund's Adjuvant (0.1 mg heat killed and dried M. Tuberculosis) is injected to the rats' hind paw: 100 μl into the dorsal surface and 100 μl into the plantar surface.

[0398] 2. Essentially as described by Abbadie et al. (1994) J Neurosci. 14(10):5865-5871 rats are injected with 150 μl of CFA (1.5 mg) in the tibio-tarsal joint.

[0399] Prior to injection with CFA in either protocol, an individual baseline sensitivity to mechanical and thermal stimulation of the animals' hind paws is obtained for each experimental animal.

[0400] Following injection of CFA, rats are tested for thermal hyperalgesia, mechanical allodynia and mechanical hyperalgesia as described above. To verify the development of symptoms, rats are tested on days 5, 6, and 7 following CFA injection. On day 7, animals are treated with a test compound, morphine or vehicle. An oral dose of morphine of 1-5 mg/kg is suitable as positive control. Typically, a dose of 0.01-50 mg/kg of test compound is used. Compounds can be administered as a single bolus prior to testing or once or twice or three times daily, for several days prior to testing. Drugs are administered orally or through any parenteral route, or applied topically to the animal.

[0401] Results are expressed as Percent Maximum Potential Efficacy (MPE). 0% MPE is defined as analgesic effect of vehicle, 100% MPE is defined as an animal's return to pre-CFA baseline sensitivity. Compounds that relieve pain in this model result in a MPE of at least 30%.

[0402] Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model

[0403] Chronic neuropathic pain is induced using the chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the rat's sciatic nerve essentially as described by Bennett and Xie (1988) Pain 33:87-107. Rats are anesthetized (e.g. with an intraperitoneal -dose of 50-65 mg/kg pentobarbital with additional doses administered as needed). The lateral aspect of each hind limb is shaved and disinfected. Using aseptic technique, an incision is made on the lateral aspect of the hind limb at the mid thigh level. The biceps femoris is bluntly dissected and the sciatic nerve is exposed. On one hind limb of each animal, four loosely tied ligatures are made around the sciatic nerve approximately 1-2 mm apart. On the other side the sciatic nerve is not ligated and is not manipulated. The muscle is closed with continuous pattern and the skin is closed with wound clips or sutures. Rats are assessed for mechanical allodynia, mechanical hyperalgesia and thermal hyperalgesia as described above.

[0404] Compounds that relieve pain in this model result in a statistically significant reduction in mechanical allodynia, mechanical hyperalgesia and/or thermal hyperalgesia when administered (0.01-50 mg/kg, orally, parenterally or topically) immediately prior to testing as a single bolus, or for several days: once or twice or three times daily prior to testing.

[0405] From the foregoing it will be appreciated that, although specific embodiments of the invention have been described herein for purposes of illustration, various modifications may be made without deviating from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the invention is not limited except as by the appended claims.