Title:
Shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
When a head rest of a seat of a transport system is adjusted to a head of a belted passenger, its height-adjustable shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector, loosely guiding a shoulder belt portion of a seat-belt, adapts itself to his body proportion. As a result, the shoulder belt portion downwardly extends over his shoulder and his upper body and the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector prevents neck-strangulation, intercepts and holds a released main latch plate, which is easily accessed by passenger, taking seat and wanting to use the seat-belt. A space-saving shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector can be installed in any free region of the seat backrest of an head-rest integrated seat of, for example, Volvo, Porsche or Ferrari. A height-adjustable head rest can be equipped with a single, stiff shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector, which, movable along a member of the seat-backrest frame, guided thereby and locked therein, is nonrotating about a longitudinal axis of thereof.



Inventors:
Djien, Giok (Idstein, DE)
Application Number:
10/690740
Publication Date:
06/17/2004
Filing Date:
10/10/2003
Assignee:
DJIEN GIOK
Primary Class:
International Classes:
B60N2/42; B60N2/427; B60N2/48; B60N2/68; B60R21/02; B60R22/02; B60R22/04; B60R22/18; B60R22/26; B60R22/28; B60R22/32; B64D25/06; B60R21/00; (IPC1-7): B60R22/00
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
DICKSON, PAUL N
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Giok Djien Go (Idstein, DE)
Claims:

What is claimed:



1. A shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly for more convenience and increased survival chance of a passenger of a transport system in an accident or during an in-flight turbulence, 0.5 comprising a height-adjustable shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5, 5a, 5b), which, serving as a member of a head rest (3.6, 3.6a) of a seat of the transport system, when adjusted to a body proportion of the passenger, loosely guides a shoulder belt portion of a seat belt, which downwardly extends over a shoulder and an upper body of the belted passenger; and prevents neck-injury in the accident or during the in-flight turbulence.

2. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 1, wherein the head rest (3.6a) is height-adjustable and has the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5a) and at least two stiff head-rest tubes (5, 10), moveable along members of a seat-backrest frame, guided thereby and locked therein, where the head rest is adjusted to a height of a head of the passenger, thus resulting in a self-adaptation of the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector with the shoulder belt portion to the body proportion of the passenger.

3. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 2, wherein upon non-use of the seat belt a main latch plate, movable along the shoulder belt portion or a lap belt portion up to a main-latch-plate adaptor, fastened to the lap belt portion, is released from a main buckle assembly, where the passenger, wanting to use the seat belt, easily accesses the released main latch plate, positioned between the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector and the main-latch-plate adaptor.

4. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 2, wherein upon non-use of the seat belt a main latch plate, movable along the shoulder belt portion or a lap belt portion up to a main-latch-plate adaptor, fastened to the lap belt portion, is released from a main buckle assembly, where the passenger, wanting to use the seat belt, easily accesses the released main latch plate, which, loosely retained by the main-latch-plate adaptor, is positioned at a height of an elbow.

5. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 3, wherein the adaptor is a snap-in clip, consisting of two pieces, a stud of one of which is inserted through the belt portion and into an opening of the other and snap-in engaged therewith.

6. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 4, wherein the adaptor is a snap-in clip, consisting of two pieces, a stud of one of which is inserted through the belt portion and into an opening of the other and snap-in engaged therewith.

7. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 1, wherein the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5, 5b), guided by a member of a seat-backrest frame, movable therealong and nonrotating about a longitudinal axis thereof, has an upper portion, projected through a top edge of the seat backrest and provided with a belt-guiding member, loosely guiding the shoulder belt portion; and a locking handle (5.2), having a locking member, which, when unlocked, allows the belt-guiding member with the shoulder belt portion to be adapted to the body proportion of the passenger.

8. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 7, wherein the head rest (3.6a) is fastened to a free-end of the upper portion of the nonrotating shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (S, 5b), serving as a single head-rest tube, where the head rest (3.6a) is adjusted to a height of a head of the passenger, thus resulting in a self-adaptation of the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5, 5b) with the shoulder belt portion to the body proportion of the passenger.

9. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 7, wherein the belt-guiding member is an aperture (5.9).

10. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 7, wherein the belt-guiding member is the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5a), attached to the upper portion of the nonrotating shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5, 5b).

11. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 8, wherein the belt-guiding member is the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5a), attached to the upper portion of the nonrotating shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector (5, 5b).

12. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 7, wherein upon non-use of the seat belt a main latch plate, movable along the shoulder belt portion or a lap belt portion up to a main-latch-plate adaptor, fastened to the lap belt portion, is released from a main buckle assembly, where the passenger, wanting to use the seat belt, easily accesses the released main latch plate, positioned between the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector and the main-latch-plate adaptor.

13. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 12, wherein the adaptor is a snap-in clip, consisting of two pieces, a stud of one of which is inserted through the belt portion and into an opening of the other and snap-in engaged therewith.

14. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 7, wherein upon non-use of the seat belt a main latch plate, movable along the shoulder belt portion or a lap belt portion up to a main-latch-plate adaptor, fastened to the lap belt portion, is released from a main buckle assembly, where the passenger, wanting to use the seat belt, easily accesses the released main latch plate, which, loosely retained by the main-latch-plate adaptor, is positioned at a height of an elbow.

15. The shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly according to claim 14, wherein the adaptor is a snap-in clip, consisting of two pieces, a stud of one of which is inserted through the belt portion and into an opening of the other and snap-in engaged therewith.

Description:

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This is a divisional application of the U.S. Ser. No. 09/554,463 related to an international application number PCT/DE98/03270 (WO 99/24294, European Patent EP 1 037 773 B1, German Patent DE 197 49 780 C2) filed Nov. 10, 1998.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] 1. Field of the Invention

[0003] It is an object of the present invention to enhance the comfort of belt users of a transport system (motor vehicle, ship, train or aeroplane) and the survival chance in the event of any accident (front-, side-, rear-end collision and/or rollover or pile up/mass collision) or during in-flight turbulence.

[0004] 2. Discussion of the Prior Art

[0005] It is known in the prior art to provide for a passenger of the transport system a seat belt, equipped with a shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector with fixed height or a seat-belt-turning mechanism with fixed height to prevent neck injury.

[0006] Under constraint of great deformation of the post section, in which an extending belt portion of the seat belt, equipped with a belt retractor 13, having a clamping device, is arranged (FIG. 1), the shoulder belt portion, loosely guided by a conventional height-adjustable D-ring 12, attached to the post sections (pillars, pillar portions), or strangulates the neck of the belted passenger and/or injures the aorta of his neck in real-world side-crashes, causing instant death.

[0007] Passenger, wanting to use the seat belt 1, must make an effort to grasp the main latch plate 9, when in resting position behind the seat backrest 3.2.

[0008] Ref to U.S. Pat. No. 5,570,933 both the shoulder belt portion of the three-point seat belt, loosely guided by the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector with fixed height, fixed to the seat backrest on the top and side edges, and the lap belt portion are attached to the post section. This shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector with fixed height is uncomfortable for a passenger of extreme body proportion, when using the seat belt.

[0009] U.S. Pat. No. 5,599,070 teaches a seat-belt-turning mechanism, fixed to the seat backrest on the top edge and comprising eight parts, one of which is a turning member, by which the shoulder belt portion 1.2 is guided and turned into an extending belt portion 1.4, which is guided by a sheath and connected to a belt retractor, fixed to a frame of the seat backrest. The height-adjustable, one-piece belt deflector 5, 5a, 5b (FIGS. 1 to 3) is far cheaper and more effective than that seat-belt-turning mechanism with fixed height.

[0010] Passengers with a height of less than 1.5 m or more than 2 m feel uncomfortable, wearing seat belts, due to the limitation of the height-adjustment of the D-rings 12 or the fixed height of the seat-belt-turning mechanisms or shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflectors.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0011] Accordingly, the principle object of the present invention is to provide for passengers of a transport system shoulder-belt-portion guiding assemblies which increase convenience, comfort and survival chance in the event of an accident or during in-flight turbulence, resolve the above-mentioned shortcomings and are suited for three-point to multi-point seat belts.

[0012] A second object of the present invention resides in a cost-, space-saving integration of a height-adjustable shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector, a head rest and the shoulder-belt-portion of a three- or multi-point seat belt into the shoulder-belt-portion guiding assembly.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[0013] It should be apparent that the invention provides substantially more convenience and greater survival chance including the following features:

[0014] a) Use of the height-adjustable shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5b (FIG. 3) or of the shoulder belt deflector 5 (FIG. 1), each upper portion of which is projected through the top edge of the seat backrest, makes the conventional height-adjustable D-ring 12, attached to the B-, C-, D-post section, shown in FIG. 1, unnecessary.

[0015] b) In another embodiment the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5a (FIG. 2) can be rigidly attached to the head rest 3.6a as well as to one of the head-rest tubes 5.10 or the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5b if replacing the aperture 5.9.

[0016] c) Any adjustment of the height of the head rest 3.6a to the head automatically adjusts the height of the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector to the shoulder. This feature differs from the D-ring ref to DE 40 10 452 A1, which is in contact with the shoulder belt, when the passenger is thrown forward, and is moved up to intercept the head, when the passenger is thrown backward. If the belt deflector 5 is not height-adjustable but movable, it can be connected to vibration-dampening energy absorbers, ref to U.S. Ser. No. 09/554,464 (EP 1 037 771 B1, DE 197 58 478 C2, CA pending patent 2,347,040), which absorb energy and dampen vibration when the shoulder belt portion moves it up.

[0017] d) The tragedy, linked to neck-strangulation, above-mentioned, is, to a great extent, averted by the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector in conjunction with a feature of arranging the extending belt portion and the belt retractor in the seat backrest and arranging the belt end of the lap belt to the seat frame.

[0018] e) For the convenience of the passenger, when stepping out, the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector intercepts and loosely retains the released main latch plate 9, which is loosely held by a main-latch-plate adaptor (not drawn) fastened to the lap belt portion. He or another passenger, when taking the seat and wanting to use the seat belt, easily accesses the released main latch plate on the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector. See an alternative feature for easy access thereof, undermentioned.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0019] A number of embodiments, other advantages and features of the present invention will be described in the accompanying drawings with reference to the xyz global coordinate system:

[0020] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a seat with buckle assemblies attached to the seat backrest and seat cushion as well as of a 1st embodiment of a height-adjustable shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5 and a three- or multi-point seat belt 1, having a main latch plate 9, which, when the seat belt is used, is inserted and plug-in connected to a main buckle assembly 9.1

[0021] FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a 2nd embodiment of a shoulder belt deflector 5a on a head rest having a pair of head-rest tubes 5.10.

[0022] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a 3rd embodiment of a height-adjustable belt deflector 5b having a locking handle 5.2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

[0023] The advantages of the preferred embodiments in the Chap. “INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY” are outlined hereinafter with regard to the functions and features thereof

[0024] A three-point seat belt consists of a shoulder-, lap- and extending belt portion. A multi-point seat belt 1 consists of a first and second shoulder belt portion 1.1, 1.2, a lap belt portion 1.3 and an extending belt portion 1.4 (FIG. 1).

[0025] In the 1st to 3rd embodiment the passenger can unlock a locking member of a locking handle 5.2 to adjust the height of “Δh” of the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5b, provided with a belt-guiding member, which is an aperture 5.9, by which the shoulder belt portion 1.2 is loosely guided. Finally, the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5b at the appropriate height is locked by that locking member. Owing to the features of being guided by a member of a seat-backrest frame, locked therein, movable therealong and nonrotating about a longitudinal axis thereof the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5, 5b can further be exploited as a single head-rest tube, fastened to any head rest, such as 3.6a. Conventional head rest has a pair of stiff head-rest tubes 5.10 (FIG. 2), moveable along members of the seat-backrest frame, guided thereby and locked therein. Alternatively, the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5a (FIG. 2), serving as a belt-guiding member, can be attached either to the head rest 3.6a or to the head-rest tube 5.10 or to the upper portion of the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5a.

[0026] When a head rest of fixed height (FIG. 3) is integrated into the seat of, for example, a Volvo, a Ferrari or a Porsche, a space-saving, height-adjustable shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector 5b can always be installed in either side (free region) 3.22 of the seat backrest 3.2.

[0027] When the height-adjustable head rest is adjusted to the height of a head of any passenger, the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector with the shoulder belt portion adapts itself to his body proportion.

[0028] As the alternative feature for easy access of the released main latch plate 9, it, loosely retained by a main-latch-plate adaptor (not drawn) fastened to the lap belt portion, is positioned in resting position at the height of, for example, the elbow of the sitting passenger when the belt retractor 13 retracts the shoulder belt portion through the shoulder-belt-portion guiding deflector. The main-latch-plate adaptor can be a snap-in clip, which, made of a plastic material, consists of two pieces, a stud of one of which is inserted through the lap belt portion and into an opening of the other and snap-in engaged therewith, as known in the art.

[0029] Although the present invention has been described and illustrated in detail, it is clearly understood that the terminology used is intended to describe rather than limit. Many more objects, embodiments, features and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above-mentioned teachings. Therefore, within the spirit and scope of the appended claims, the present invention may be practised otherwise than as specifically described and illustrated.