Title:
Atmosphere and seawater hydrogen processor
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The “atmosphere and seawater hydrogen processor” has the advantage of making hydrogen as needed from the atmosphere and seawater by extracting the moisture from the atmosphere, also the power required in the operation will be generated in the applied application at a much lower cost per kilowatt.



Inventors:
Harris, Anthony Mark (Bakersfield, CA, US)
Application Number:
10/270736
Publication Date:
04/22/2004
Filing Date:
10/16/2002
Assignee:
HARRIS ANTHONY MARK
Primary Class:
International Classes:
C01B5/00; C25B1/02; (IPC1-7): C25B1/02
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
WILKINS III, HARRY D
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Anthony Harris (Bakersfield, CA, US)
Claims:

I claim:



1. The “atmosphere and seawater hydrogen processor” will produce hydrogen through a combined process which consist of fans to move the atmosphere and a series of heat exchangers and a electrolysis system, a conductivity analyzer and a series of transfer pumps, a refrigeration system and inverters, transformers, bridge rectifier and level switches, temperature sending unit and a conductor.

2. The “ATMOSPHERE AND SEAWATER HYDROGEN PROCESSOR” as in claim 1, which will remove The moisture from the atmosphere by reducing the temperature of the atmosphere to 35 degrees F. and pressurized to allow the vapor to condense in to a liquid.

3. The “ATMOSPHERE AND SEAWATER HYDROGEN PROCESSOR” as in claim 1, additionally has the ability to analyze the water and transfer it to the correct processor.

4. The “ATMOSPHERE AND SEAWATER HYDROGEN PROCESSOR” as in claim 1, assuming the water is conductive (indicating) seawater it will be transferred to a distiller where the seawater will be converted to steam leaving the unwanted minerals and salts behind transferring only the steam.

5. The “ATMOSPHERE AND SEAWATER HYDROGEN PROCESSOR” as in claim 1, the steam will be cooled down to its dew point and will be converted into fresh water, ten transferred to a fresh water storage tank.

6. The “ATMOSPHERE AND SEAWATER HYDROGEN PROCESSOR” as in claim 1, the fresh water in the storage tank will be transferred on demand to a electrolysis chamber.

7. The “ATMOSPHERE AND SEAWATER HYDROGEN PROCESSOR” as in claim 1, the electrolysis chamber consist of two vertical points and a mixture of sulfuric acid and fresh water to increase the ion levels in the fresh water and two outlets, one for hydrogen and one for oxygen.

8. The “ATMOSPHERE AND SEAWATER HYDROGEN PROCESSOR” as in claim 1, will increase conductivity of the liquid in the electrolysis chamber due to the sulfuric acid increasing the ionization level and reduce the E.M.F. required for conduction. The primary source of electrical energy will be supplied by the vehicles electrical system which will be direct current. The direct current will be change to alternating current to convert the power supply to the desired levels. Step down the E.M.F. and increase the current, then the power is converted back to direct current via a bridge rectifier as the production of hydrogen would in this case be directly proportional to the current flow through the mixture. The hydrogen will be produced only as needed otherwise it is stored in the form of fresh water.

Description:

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims the benefits of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/163,915, filed Nov. 5, 1999.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] 1. Field of the Invention

[0003] The “Atmosphere and Seawater Hydrogen Processor” has the ability to process hydrogen from the atmosphere from seawater or from a source and will produce hydrogen at a lower cost per kilowatt due to the fact that the water is ionized thus increasing it's conductivity without any harmful byproducts.

[0004] 2. Description of the Invention

[0005] The object of the invention is to produce hydrogen from the atmosphere and seawater by extracting the moisture from the atmosphere and also converting seawater to pure water, and process it into hydrogen by adding sulfuric acid to pure water which will increase ionization level of the water in the electrolysis section of the invention. The hydrogen is produced only as needed, otherwise it remains in the form of water.

[0006] 3. Background Art

[0007] There is not a use for electrolysis of the actual seawater to produce hypochlorite to prevent biofouling and scaling as noted in U.S. Pat. No. 4,488,945, or the consumption of a hydrocarbon to produce hydrogen as noted in U.S. Pat. No. 5,176,809, the need for pressurized zones to isolate the unused hydrogen isn't needed as noted in U.S. Pat. No 5,980,726, further the need for high temperature to break steam into hydrogen and the consumption of natural gas isn't used as noted in U.S. Pat, No 6,051,125. Also there isn't a need of chemical recovery using electrolysis of brine or seawater as noted in U.S. Pat. No. 4,176,023.

[0008] As in Pub-No: JP363266084A there isn't a need to process seawater by electrolysis to prevent scaling, and deposition hydroxide.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0009] The “Atmosphere and Seawater Hydrogen Processor” can be applied to any internal and external combustion engine.

[0010] Also the “Atmosphere and Seawater Hydrogen Processor”will reduce the need for foreign oil and also reduce gasoline consumption.

[0011] Also, the unit will produce water as a byproduct of its combustion.

[0012] The primary advantage is that the hydrogen gas is being process onboard, so there is no need for a bulky hydrogen storage tank.

[0013] Also, in the event of an accident the only combustible hydrogen is what is being processed in the unit for a specific fuel flow rate, and not that required hydrogen that would be stored in a conventional system.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS

[0014] FIG. 1

[0015] 1 is a ducted fan.

[0016] 2 is a finned type tube heat exchanger.

[0017] 3 is a discharge to the atmosphere.

[0018] 4 is a boxed chamber.

[0019] 5 is a inlet to internal or external combustion engine or jet engine.

[0020] 6 is a tray to catch liquids.

[0021] 7 is the inlet.

[0022] 8 is a transfer pump.

[0023] 9 is the discharge.

[0024] 10 is a tank which diverts the liquids to different systems or tank.

[0025] 11 measures the conductivity of the liquid.

[0026] 12 is a inlet.

[0027] 13 is a pump.

[0028] 14 is a pump.

[0029] 15 is the discharge.

[0030] 16 is a filter is strain the liquids to the fresh water tanks.

[0031] 17 is a filter to strain the seawater entering the distiller.

[0032] 18 is the discharge line to the fresh water tanks.

[0033] 19 is the discharge line to the distiller.

[0034] FIG. 2

[0035] 20 is the injector manifold inlet.

[0036] 21 is the seawater injector manifold.

[0037] 22 inlet to transfer pump.

[0038] 23 transfer pump.

[0039] 24 discharge of transfer pump.

[0040] 25 is a tank which holds a liquid medium.

[0041] 26 Is a electrical heating element.

[0042] 27 is a thermo conductive plate.

[0043] 28 is a temperature sending unit.

[0044] 29 a thorium alloy transfer tube.

[0045] 30 is a transfer pump.

[0046] 31 is a thorium alloy transfer tube.

[0047] 32 is a tank which holds a liquid medium.

[0048] 33 is the exhaust manifold from the heat source.

[0049] 34 inlet to temperature controlled valve.

[0050] 35 is a temperature controlled valve.

[0051] 36 outlet of the temperature controlled valve.

[0052] 37 discharge of the exhaust manifold.

[0053] FIG. 3

[0054] 38 discharge line to the finned tube heat exchanger.

[0055] 39 transfer pump.

[0056] 40 is a vapor recovery tube.

[0057] 41 is a pressure switch.

[0058] 42 is a finned tube heat exchanger.

[0059] 43 level switches.

[0060] 44 a liquid trap.

[0061] 45 inlet.

[0062] 46 transfer pump.

[0063] 47 discharge.

[0064] 48 inlet line.

[0065] 49 water holding tank.

[0066] 50 inlet line.

[0067] 51 transfer pump

[0068] 52 discharge line.

[0069] FIG. 4

[0070] 53 inlet.

[0071] 54 a hydrogen recovery tube.

[0072] 55 a oxygen recovery tube.

[0073] 56 a discharge tube.

[0074] 57 a electrolysis tank.

[0075] 58 a high level switch.

[0076] 59 transfer pump.

[0077] 60 inlet line.

[0078] 61 inlet tube.

[0079] 62 the negative electrode.

[0080] 63 the positive electrode.

[0081] 64 inlet hole.

[0082] 65 a low level switch.

[0083] 66 inlet.

[0084] 67 transfer pump.

[0085] 68 discharge to engine or turbine.

[0086] 69 inlet.

[0087] 70 transfer pump.

[0088] 71 discharge.

[0089] 72 solenoid.

[0090] 73 discharge line to atmosphere.

[0091] 74 a barometric switch.

[0092] 75 solenoid.

[0093] 76 discharge to engine or turbine.

[0094] FIG. 5

[0095] 77 an automotive or industrial refrigeration evaporator.

[0096] 78 liquid transfer tubes.

[0097] 79 transfer pump.

[0098] 79a, liquid medium holding tank.

[0099] 80 discharge.

[0100] 80a, inlet.

[0101] 81 inlet.

[0102] 81a, transfer pump.

[0103] 82 discharge.

[0104] FIG. 6

[0105] 83 electrode plate.

[0106] 84 a layout of vertical electrode spacing.

[0107] 85 vertical electrode.

[0108] FIG. 7

[0109] 86 positive input.

[0110] 87 inverter.

[0111] 88 negative input.

[0112] 89 a.c. input.

[0113] 90 step-down transformer.

[0114] 91 a.c. input.

[0115] 92 a.c. input.

[0116] 93 full wave bridge rectifier.

[0117] 94 a.c. input.

[0118] 95 positive d.c. output.

[0119] 96 negative d.c. output.

THE FOLLOWING FIGURES FOR THE AMOUNT OF MOISTURE IN THE ATMOSPHERE PER POUND

[0120] 1

TemperatureMoisture per pound/per pound of atmosphere.
120 F. .081lbs
110 F. .061lbs
100 F. .044lbs
90 F..031lbs
80 F..022lbs
70 F..015lbs
40 F..005lbs
30 F..0033lbs