Title:
Prefabricated construction element for buildings
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The invention relates to a prefabricated construction element for buildings in prefabricated construction, comprising a core element (10) and at least one reinforcement element (12). In order to absorb high tensile and transverse forces without the danger of developing cracks, the reinforcement element is configured as a flat material element (12) from fiber-reinforced plastic that is fixated on a lateral face (20) of the core element (10) in a form-fit and/or a material fit.



Inventors:
Bleibler, Alexander (Winterthur, CN)
Application Number:
10/468647
Publication Date:
04/08/2004
Filing Date:
08/21/2003
Assignee:
BLEIBLER ALEXANDER
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
52/439
International Classes:
E04C2/296; (IPC1-7): E04C1/00
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
GILBERT, WILLIAM V
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Oliff & Berridge (Alexandria, VA, US)
Claims:
1. Prefabricated structural element for buildings, preferably in prefabricated construction, with a core element (10) and at least one reinforcing piece (12) to carry tensile forces, distinguished by the fact that the reinforcing piece is formed as a flat stock piece (12) made from fiber-reinforced plastic that is fixed to a long face (20) of the core element (10) form-fittingly and/or by using a joining substance.

2. Structural element as in claim 1, distinguished by the fact that flat stock piece (12) has a plastic binder matrix and a fiber fabric or crossply embedded therein.

3. Structural element as in claim 1 or claim 2, distinguished by the fact that flat stock piece (10) [sic, should be 12] is adhesively affixed over an extensive area, preferably with an epoxy resin adhesive, to a long face (20) of core element (10). 1 Translator's Note: The German reads “auf eine die Breitseitenfläche (20)” which is not grammatically correct. The intention is unclear. Possibly it should read either “auf eine Breitseitenflätche (20)” (“to a long face (20)” or “auf eine der Breitseitenflächen (20) (“to one of the long faces (20)”). The similar text on p. 2 of the Description gives “auf mindestes eine der Breitseitenflächen” (“to at least one of the long faces”).

4. Structural element as in any one of claims 1 through 3, distinguished by the fact that flat stock material (12) has a plurality of projecting knob-like anchoring members (14) on one side, by means of which it is engaged throughout core element (10), through openings in long face (20), and is anchored therein form-fittingly.

5. Structural element as in any one of claims 1 through 4, distinguished by the fact that core element (10) consists of concrete, lightweight concrete, cellular concrete, or gypsum.

6. Structural element as in claim 4 or claim 5, distinguished by the fact that anchoring members (14) are embedded in the core element, and in particular are cast integral therewith.

7. Structural element as in any one of claims 1 through 6, distinguished by the fact that both long faces (20) of slab core element (10) have a flat stock piece (12) made from fiber-reinforced plastic thereon.

8. Structural element as in any one of claims 1 through 7, distinguished by the fact that the binder matrix of the flat stock consists of a thermosetting plastic from the group of epoxy resin, polyester resin, vinyl resin.

9. Structural element as in any one of claims 1 through 7, distinguished by the fact that the binder matrix of flat stock piece (12) consists of a thermoplastic from the group of polyamide, polymethylmethacrylate, polyphenylene sulfide, polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, polyetherimide, styrene polymer, polyetheretherketone.

10. Structural element as in any one of claims 1 through 9, distinguished by the fact that the fibers of the flat stock piece are selected from the group of carbon fibers, glass fibers, aramid fibers, polyethylene fibers, basalt fibers, natural fibers.

11. Structural element as in any one of claims 1 through 10, distinguished by several reinforcing pieces (16) transversely interspersed in the core element, the widened ends (18) of which fit flush against the long faces (20) of core element (10) and are bonded to the at least one flat stock piece (12) using a joining substance, preferably adhesively.

12. Structural element as in claim 11, distinguished by the fact that reinforcing piece (16) has a double-T shape.

13. Structural element as in claim 10 or claim 11, distinguished by the fact that reinforcing pieces (16) are made of metal, in particular aluminum or steel, or a fiber-reinforced polymer material.

14. Reinforcing piece for prefabricated structural elements for buildings, distinguished by a flat stock piece (12) on which projecting knob-like anchoring members (14) are formed on one side.

15. Reinforcing piece as in claim 14, distinguished by the fact that flat stock piece (12) is formed as a sheet, film, or grid element.

16. Method for manufacture of reinforcement pieces for prefabricated structural elements for buildings, distinguished by the fact that a fiber fabric or crossply is soaked with a binder, heated up to temperature in a continuous manner, and then cooled down again and at the same time pressed to form flat stock piece (12), and that during the manufacturing process knob-like anchoring members (14) are formed on one side and are preferably pressed out from the flat stock piece.

17. Use of prefabricated structural elements as in any one of claims 1 to 13 as wall elements, ceiling elements, or supports for prefabricated buildings.

Description:
[0001] The invention relates to a prefabricated structural element for buildings, preferably in pre-fabricated construction, with a core element and at least one reinforcing piece to carry tensile forces.

[0002] Panel structural elements of the above-indicated type are used in prefabricated construction as wall or ceiling elements. Usually they contain a slab core made from lightweight concrete that is reinforced with a reinforcing grid embedded in the concrete slab. The purpose of the reinforcement is to carry any tensile or shearing forces arising in the ceiling or wall elements, while the concrete is intended to carry compressive forces. The strength values can be increased by adding concrete to the slab core.

[0003] In known structural elements with reinforcing grids, a disadvantage is that the tensile strength leaves something to be desired. The susceptibility of the steel reinforcing grid to corrosion is increased because of the porosity of lightweight concrete, so corrosion damage can occur prematurely. Finally, machinability is also a problem, since the reinforcement can break during drilling, leading to breakaway of material. Instability of the known prefabricated structural elements also causes problems with handling during transport and at the construction site.

[0004] Therefore the aim of the invention is to improve the known prefabricated structural elements so that by simple means they have high tensile strength and long service life, and can be transported as well as handled and worked on at the construction site without risk of breakaway.

[0005] The combination of features indicated in Claim 1 is proposed to achieve this aim. Advantageous embodiments and further developments of the invention are given in the subclaims.

[0006] An essential feature of the invention is that the reinforcing piece is formed as a flat stock piece made from fiber-reinforced plastic that is fixed to a long face of the core element form-fittingly and/or by using a joining substance. A layered sheet or film can be used as a flat stock piece for this purpose. The flat stock piece conveniently has a plastic binder matrix and a fiber fabric or crossply embedded therein. It is adhesively affixed over an extensive area to at least one of the long faces of the core element, preferably with an epoxy resin.

[0007] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the flat stock piece has a plurality of projecting knob-like anchoring members on one side, by means of which it is engaged throughout the core element, through openings in the long face, and is anchored therein form-fittingly. The anchoring members are embedded in the core element for this purpose. In manufacture of the structural element, the flat stock pieces are laid in a form against the wall of the form in such a way that their anchoring members point inward and liquid concrete is poured around them. The core element advantageously consists of concrete, lightweight concrete, cellular concrete, or gypsum.

[0008] The binder matrix of the flat stock can consist of a thermosetting plastic, for example from the group of epoxy resin, polyester resin, vinyl resin. The binder matrix preferably consists of a thermoplastic from the group of polyamide, polymethylmethacrylate, polyphenylene sulfide, polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, polyetherimide, styrene polymer, polyetheretherketone. The fibers of the flat stock piece are conveniently selected from the group of carbon fibers, glass fibers, aramid fibers, polyethylene fibers, basalt fibers, natural fibers.

[0009] In a further preferred embodiment of the invention, several reinforcing pieces are provided that are transversely interspersed in the core element, the widened ends of the reinforcing pieces fit flush against the long faces of the core element and are bonded to the at least one flat stock piece using a joining substance, preferably adhesively. The reinforcing pieces conveniently have a double-T shape and, for example, are made of metal, in particular aluminum or steel, or else a fiber-reinforced polymer material.

[0010] In manufacture of the flat stock piece, a fiber fabric or crossply is soaked with a binder, heated up to temperature in a continuous manner, and then cooled down again and at the same time pressed, where during the manufacturing process knob-like anchoring pieces are formed on one side and are preferably pressed out from the flat stock.

[0011] The prefabricated structural elements according to the invention are preferably used as wall elements, ceiling elements, or supports for prefabricated buildings.

[0012] The invention is explained in greater detail in the following with the help of a schematically represented exemplary embodiment in the drawing. The drawing shows:

[0013] FIG. 1 a section through a panel structural element with form-fittingly anchored reinforcing pieces made from fiber-reinforced plastic;

[0014] FIG. 2 a section through a structural element with internal reinforcement and reinforcing pieces made from fiber-reinforced plastic that are adhesively bonded to the long faces.

[0015] The structural elements represented in the drawing are intended as wall or ceiling elements for buildings in pre-fabricated construction.

[0016] The panel structural elements have a core element made from concrete, lightweight concrete, cellular concrete, gypsum. Core element 10 has on each of its long faces 20 a sheet or film type flat stock piece 12 made from fiber-reinforced plastic. In the exemplary embodiment shown in FIG. 1, flat stock piece 12, with projecting knob-like anchoring members 14 on one side, is integrally cast into core element 10 and is thus anchored form-fittingly. In the exemplary embodiment shown in FIG. 2, core element 10 additionally contains several reinforcing pieces 16 transversely interspersed in the core element, the widened ends 18 of which reinforcing pieces fit flush against long faces 20 of core element 10. In this case, flat stock pieces 12 are adhesively bonded to long faces 20 of the core element and ends 18 of reinforcing piece 16 with the help of an adhesive layer 22. For this purpose, double-T shaped reinforcing pieces 16 can consist of metal such as aluminum or steel, or of a fiber-reinforced polymer material. In the latter case, flat stock piece 12 may also be welded to ends 18 of the reinforcing pieces using pressure and heat.

[0017] Flat stock pieces 10 serve to reinforce the core element and have the purpose of carrying tensile and shearing forces and preventing the concrete material from breaking away from the core element during transport, installation, and finishing.

[0018] In summary, we can say the following: The invention relates to a prefabricated structural element for pre-fabricated construction with a core element 10 and at least one reinforcing piece 12. So that high tensile and shearing forces can be carried with no risk of cracking, the reinforcing piece is formed as a flat stock piece 12 made from fiber-reinforced plastic that is fixed to a long face 20 of core element 10 form-fittingly and/or by using a joining substance.