Title:
Carrying harness for carrying objects
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A carrying harness (1) for carrying objects wherein the carrying harness (1) incorporates a carrying plate (13) that has at least one rope clamp (21) fastened to it for the length-adjustable attachment of a carrying rope (29).



Inventors:
Fabricius, Jurgen (Paderborn, DE)
Application Number:
10/463392
Publication Date:
03/25/2004
Filing Date:
06/18/2003
Assignee:
Fabricus Fastener GmbH (Paderborn, DE)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A45F3/14; A45F3/04; (IPC1-7): A45F3/08
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
LARSON, JUSTIN MATTHEW
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Browdy and Neimark, PLLC (Washington, DC, US)
Claims:

What is claimed is:



1. A carrying harness (1) for carrying objects, characterized in that the carrying harness (1) incorporates a carrying plate (13) that has at least one rope clamp (21) fastened thereto for a length-adjustable attachment of a carrying rope (29).

2. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying harness (1) is designed in the style of a vest.

3. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying harness (1) incorporates straps.

4. A carrying harness according to claim 3, characterized in that the carrying harness (1) incorporates at least one shoulder strap (5) and/or at least one waist strap (7) and/or at least one pelvis strap (9).

5. A carrying harness according to claim 3, characterized in that the carrying harness (1) incorporates a back element (3), on which the straps are held.

6. A carrying harness according to claim 3, characterized in that the carrying plate (13) is held on the straps.

7. A carrying harness according to claim 6, characterized in that the carrying plate (13) incorporates slits (11.1-11.5) for straps to be guided through and for the carrying plate (13) to be fastened to the carrying harness (1).

8. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying plate (13) is held during the carrying process in front of a waist area (17) of a carrying person (15, 49).

9. A carrying harness according to claim 8, characterized in that the carrying plate (13) is curved to adapt to the body of a carrying person (15, 49).

10. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying plate (13) is comprised of reinforced plastic or metal.

11. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one rope clamp incorporates a guide yoke (41) to guide the carrying rope (29).

12. A carrying harness according to claim 11, characterized in that the at least one rope clamp incorporates two rotatable clamping elements (35) having clamping teeth (39), between which the carrying rope (29) can be clamped.

13. A carrying harness according to claim 12, characterized in that the spacing between the clamping teeth (39) of the two clamping elements (35) decreases against the pull direction.

14. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one rope clamp (21) is U-shaped in cross section and incorporates two leg sections (23) having clamping teeth (25) to clamp in the carrying rope (29).

15. A carrying harness according to claim 14, characterized in that the leg sections (23) are connected by a yoke (27).

16. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one rope clamp (21) when in use is held essentially vertically or horizontally or obliquely on the carrying plate (13).

17. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying harness is cushioned on surfaces that rest on the body.

18. A carrying harness according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrying rope (29) is connected removably or directly to a carrying net (45), which consists of parallel longitudinal strands (51, 52) with interposed cross rungs (56-60) that serve as carrying webs (57-59) as well as handle webs (50, 60).

19. A carrying harness according to claim 18, characterized in that the longitudinal strands (51, 52) and the cross webs (56-60) are formed by ropes.

20. A carrying harness according to claim 19, characterized in that the cross webs (56-60) are connected in each case with ends thereof spliced to the longitudinal strands (51, 52).

21. A carrying harness according to claim 18, characterized in that the ends of the cross webs (70) are fixed in each case with at least one crimping connector (71, 72) to the respective longitudinal strands (51, 52).

22. A carrying harness according to claim 18, characterized in that the mesh formed by the longitudinal strands (51, 52) and the cross webs (56-60) is approximately square.

23. A carrying harness according to claim 18, characterized in that the carrying net (45) has a length of 5-10 m.

24. A carrying harness according to claim 18, characterized in that the cross webs (56-60) have a length of 30-50 cm.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] 1. Technical Field of the Invention

[0002] The present invention is concerned with a carrying harness for carrying objects.

[0003] It is known that, in order to carry unwieldy, bulky or heavy objects, shoulder straps are used. In the process, the shoulder strap is first attached to the object to be carried. The person carrying the object then squats down, places the shoulder strap over his shoulder and stands up. The length of the shoulder strap must be adjusted such that the object, when the person carrying it is standing, has a sufficient distance from the ground.

[0004] This entails the shortcoming that adjusting the length of the shoulder strap is usually performed with both hands and, hence, is relatively complex. Additionally, carrying objects with the aid of shoulder straps results in a load with the weight of the object on one side of the body of the carrying person.

OBJECT AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] It is therefore the object of the invention to present a carrying harness that permits a simple adjustment of the distance of the carried object from the ground and additionally permits the most even distribution possible of the weight of the carried object on the person carrying it.

[0006] This object is met according to the invention with a carrying harness for carrying objects wherein the carrying harness incorporates a carrying plate that has at least one rope clamp fastened to it for the length-adjustable attachment of a carrying rope.

[0007] Provision may be made for the carrying harness to be designed in the style of a vest.

[0008] Provision is advantageously made for the carrying harness to incorporate straps.

[0009] Provision is additionally preferably made for the carrying harness to incorporate at least one shoulder strap and/or at least one waist strap and/or at least one pelvis strap.

[0010] Provision may be made for the carrying harness to have a back element on which the straps are held.

[0011] It is additionally preferred that the carrying plate is held on the straps.

[0012] Provision is advantageously made for the carrying plate to have slits for straps to be guided through and, hence, for the carrying plate to be fastened to the carrying harness.

[0013] In an advantageous embodiment the carrying plate is held during the carrying process in front of a waist area of a carrying person.

[0014] Provision may be made for the carrying plate to be curved to adapt it to the body of a carrying person.

[0015] Provision is additionally preferably made for the carrying plate to be composed of a reinforced plastic or metal.

[0016] The invention additionally provides for the at least one rope clamp to incorporate a guide yoke to guide the carrying rope.

[0017] Provision may be made for the rope clamp to incorporate two rotatable clamping elements with clamping teeth, between which the carrying rope can be clamped.

[0018] Provision is advantageously made for the spacing between the clamping teeth of the two clamping elements to decrease against the pull direction.

[0019] Provision is additionally preferably made for the at least one rope clamp to be U-shaped in cross section and to have two leg sections with clamping teeth to clamp in the carrying rope.

[0020] As a variant, the invention additionally provides for the leg sections to be connected by a yoke.

[0021] Provision may additionally be made for the at least one rope clamp to be held essentially vertically or horizontally or obliquely on the carrying plate when in use.

[0022] Provision is advantageously made for a plurality of rope clamps to be held on the carrying plate, which are oriented vertically or horizontally or obliquely in each case when in use.

[0023] Provision is preferably additionally made for the carrying harness to be cushioned on its supporting surfaces.

[0024] The ropes are advantageously disposed on a carrying net that consists of parallel longitudinal strands with interposed cross rungs, which serve as carrying webs and optionally as handle webs.

[0025] The net preferably incorporates only one mesh row and its longitudinal strands are twisted, knotted, or braided as ropes, like the cross rungs. The cross rungs are fixed in the longitudinal strands in each case at both ends. Crimping sleeves may be used for this purpose. However, the T-connections are preferably produced by splicing the rope strands together with the web ends in such a way that smooth regions are formed in the transitions that preclude any damage to the carrying strap.

[0026] The size of the net is adapted in its length to the longest object to be carried, with some extra length at the ends, and the web width is designed to securely encompass a lower object region. A length of 5 m and a web width of 20-50 cm has proven suitable for standard doors, window wings and window frames.

[0027] The webs are disposed continuous with a spacing of 30-50 cm. In this manner carrying webs can always be grasped by hand at the proper height for objects of differing lengths. When grasped low, the objects may be securely lifted off a transporting vehicle or inserted into a high wall opening, and when the handhold is switched to a higher position in the net, they may be transported near the ground.

[0028] The lower webs cross underneath the object and the longitudinal strands rest against the object on both sides; the object is precluded from sliding out.

[0029] The numerous webs gently rest against the object with a distributed force. A free hand of the carrying person safely guides the object, which sits approximately vertical in the net.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0030] The invention will be explained below with the aid of an embodiment, with reference made to the drawings FIG. 1 through FIG. 11, in which:

[0031] FIG. 1 shows a front view of an embodiment of the inventive carrying harness;

[0032] FIG. 2 shows a rear view of the carrying harness;

[0033] FIG. 3 shows a side view of the carrying harness;

[0034] FIG. 4 shows a top view of a rope clamp;

[0035] FIG. 5 shows a cross sectional view of the rope clamp;

[0036] FIG. 6 shows a top view of an additional rope clamp;

[0037] FIG. 7 shows an illustration of the length adjustment process for a carrying rope;

[0038] FIG. 8 shows an illustration of a carrying process with the aid of inventive carrying harnesses;

[0039] FIG. 9 shows a section of a spliced carrying net;

[0040] FIG. 10 shows a net section with crimping connectors;

[0041] FIG. 11 shows a net section with opposed web ropes.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

[0042] FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 show an embodiment of the carrying harness marked in its entirety with the reference numeral 1. The carrying harness 1 incorporates a cushioned back element 3 with two shoulder sections 3a, 3b, and two side sections 3c, 3d. The shoulder section 3a has a strap band 5a of a shoulder strap 5 sewn onto it. This strap band 5a is guided through a slit 11.5 of a carrying plate 13 and connected by means of a buckle 19 to a second strap band 5b, which is sewn onto the shoulder section 3b. A strap band 7b of a waist strap 7 is sewn onto the side section 3d of the back element 3 and guided sequentially through slits 11.1-11.4 of the carrying plate 13. The strap band 7b is connected by means of a buckle 20 to an additional strap band 7a of the waist strap 7, with the strap band 7a sewn onto the side section 3c. Below the waist strap 7, a pelvis strap 9 is held on the back element 3. A strap band 9b of the pelvis strap 9 is sewn onto the side section 3d and a strap band 9a is sewn onto the side section 3c. The two strap bands 9a, 9b are connected to one another by a buckle 18. The buckles 18, 19, 20 are designed such that the corresponding straps 5, 7, 9 are adjustable in their lengths.

[0043] In other embodiments, the number of slits in the carrying plate and also the type and number of guided-through straps may vary. For example, two shoulder straps, each of which are length adjustable by means of a buckle, may be fastened to the shoulder sections of the back element and may be guided in each case through a slit in the carrying plate. The strap bands may also be connected by hooks, simple knotting, or the like, and fastened to the back element in a manner other than by sewing. For example, the strap bands may be formed in one piece with the back element. Ropes may be used in lieu of straps. Furthermore, it is also possible to have a carrying harness without padding or without a back element. In the latter case the straps or ropes are connected directly to one another in the back area of a carrying person.

[0044] FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 show that the carrying plate 13, which may be comprised of reinforced plastic or metal, is held by the shoulder strap 5 and waist strap 7 in front of the waist area of a carrying person 15, 49. The carrying plate 13 is slightly curved to adapt to the body of the carrying person 15, 49 and has two openings (not shown) at which a rope clamp 21 with appropriate borings 31, 33 is fixed obliquely by means of screws. The rope clamp 21 may also be fixed on the carrying plate 13 by gluing, hooking in, or snapping in. Additionally, the rope clamp 21 may be pivoting or stationary when in use, or also be fixed in a different orientation, e.g., vertical or horizontal, when in use.

[0045] The rope clamp 21 is shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5. It is U-shaped in cross section and incorporates two leg sections 23 that may hold, by means of oblique clamping teeth 25, a carrying rope 29 between the leg sections 23. The leg sections 23 are connected to one another by a yoke 27, which guides the carrying rope 29 and stabilizes the rope clamp 21. The rope clamp 21 may also be formed without a yoke 27.

[0046] In another embodiment, a rope clamp, which is shown in FIG. 6, may incorporate two rotatable clamping elements 35 that are held side by side on a base plate 37. The clamping elements 35 have clamping teeth 39 that are designed such that they can hold a carrying rope 29 disposed between the clamping elements 35. Additionally, a guide yoke 41, through which the carrying rope 29 is guidable, may be disposed on the base plate 37. The clamping teeth 39 are disposed on the clamping elements 35 such that the spacing between the clamping teeth 39 of the two clamping elements 35 decreases against the pull direction indicated in FIG. 6 by an arrow.

[0047] The carrying plate 13 may also incorporate a plurality of rope clamps with each rope clamp having any random orientation. For example, some rope clamps may be attached essentially vertically, others obliquely, and yet others horizontally when in use. The carrying plate 13 may also incorporate a plurality of openings to permit the affixing of a plurality of rope clamps in different locations and different orientations on the carrying plate 13.

[0048] FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 show a sample embodiment of the carrying harness 1. The shoulder strap 5 is guided over the shoulders of the carrying person 15 and the carrying plate 13 is held by the shoulder strap 5 and waist strap 7 in front of the waist area 17 of the carrying person 15. The pelvis strap 9 is not shown here. The carrying person 15 is in a squatting position and can adjust the length of the carrying rope 29 with one hand by means of the rope clamp 21. The carrying rope 29 in this example is connected with hooks 43 to an additional carrying device, in this case a carrying net 45, which is intended to carry a window frame 47. FIG. 8 shows how the window frame 47, after the carrying person 15 has stood up, can be carried together with a second carrying person 49.

[0049] FIG. 9 shows a carrying net 45 that consists of two lateral longitudinal strands 51, 52 and cross webs 56, 57-59, 60 extending in between. The mesh that is formed in this manner is approximately square. The longitudinal strands 51, 52 and the cross webs 56-60 are advantageously braided with the same strength as the ropes. The individual ends of the rope braids of the cross webs 56-60 are spliced between the braids of the longitudinal strands 51, 52 in each case, as illustrated on the cross web 57. This results in an intimate, only slightly enlarged connection of the web 57 to the longitudinal ropes 51, 52.

[0050] In lieu of a splicing of the web ends, other equivalent connections may also be created from the rope material without additional auxiliary means. For example, the longitudinal ropes 51, 52 may continue, each divided in halves, at the intersections into the webs 61, 62 from both sides in opposite directions, as illustrated in FIG. 11.

[0051] FIG. 10 shows, by way of an example, an alternate network junction design. The ends of the braids of a web rope 70 are divided into halves in each case, and these partial bundles are connected in each case in a crimping sleeve 71, 72 to the longitudinal strand 51. The division into the partial bundles that are guided in opposite directions evens out the knot design. However, in a more simple design, one single crimping connector also suffices that encompasses the entire web end.

[0052] FIG. 8 shows a carrying net in use during the carrying of a window frame 47. The cross webs 57-59 cross underneath the frame, and the longitudinal ropes 51, 52 rest against it from the sides. The two carrying persons 15, 49 can each place one hand into the handle webs 56, 60 that are located at an appropriate height. The bottom cross webs 57 protect 59 protect the frame 47 when it is placed onto the ground. When setting down or lifting at a raised elevation, the lower rungs 56, 60 are grasped.

[0053] List of Reference Numerals

[0054] 1 Carrying Harness

[0055] 3 Back Element

[0056] 3a, 3b Shoulder Section of the Back Element

[0057] 3c, 3d Side Section of the Back Element

[0058] 5 Shoulder Strap

[0059] 5a, 5b Strap Band of the Shoulder Strap

[0060] 7 Waist Strap

[0061] 7a, 7b Strap Band of the Waist Strap

[0062] 9 Pelvis Strap

[0063] 9a, 9b Strap Band of the-Pelvis Strap

[0064] 11.1-11.5 Slit

[0065] 13 Carrying Plate

[0066] 15, 49 Carrying Person

[0067] 15 Carrying Person

[0068] 17 Waist Area

[0069] 18 Buckle of the Pelvis Strap

[0070] 19 Buckle of the Shoulder Strap

[0071] 20 Buckle of the Waist Strap

[0072] 21 Rope Clamp

[0073] 23 Leg Section

[0074] 25, 39 Clamping Teeth

[0075] 27 Yoke

[0076] 29 Carrying Rope

[0077] 31, 33 Opening

[0078] 35 Clamping Element

[0079] 37 Base Plate

[0080] 41 Guide Yoke

[0081] 43 Hook

[0082] 45 Carrying Net

[0083] 47 Window Frame

[0084] 49 Carrying Person

[0085] 51 Longitudinal Strand

[0086] 52 Longitudinal Strand

[0087] 56 Cross Web

[0088] 57 Cross Web, Spliced

[0089] 59 Cross Web

[0090] 60 Cross Web

[0091] 61 Cross Webs, Opposed Paired Ropes

[0092] 62 Cross Webs, Opposed Paired Ropes

[0093] 70 Cross Web with Sleeve Connector

[0094] 71 Crimping Sleeve

[0095] 72 Crimping Sleeve