Title:
Set structure for wooden building
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A set structure for a wooden building formed with steel-frame H-beams as a basic frame, to which the wooden structures are connected, easily and securely, so as to allow structures for the wooden structures to be connected with one another is disclosed. The set structure may have interior finishing materials and include a basic frame unit formed with one or more steel-frame H-beams as unit members disposed vertically and horizontally, a reinforcing plate mounted on the contact point of the H-beams, and a truss attached to the planes of the H-beams; a frame assembling body fixed by engaging at least one or more wooden structures into engaging recesses provided on the H-beams and the truss; and a finishing material enclosing the frame assembling body. Wooden structures are easily coupled to the basic frames, reducing the number of construction processes and shortening the time for construction, in an economical manner.



Inventors:
Nam, Byung Hee (Goyang, KR)
Application Number:
10/426768
Publication Date:
02/12/2004
Filing Date:
04/30/2003
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
52/271
International Classes:
E04B1/24; E04B1/26; (IPC1-7): E04B7/00; E04B1/00
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:



Primary Examiner:
A, PHI DIEU TRAN
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SALTER & MICHAELSON (ATTLEBORO, MA, US)
Claims:

What is claimed is:



1. A set structure for a wooden building having interior finishing materials such as veneer boards or dryvit, etc., comprising: a basic frame unit formed with one or more steel-frame H-beams as unit members disposed vertically and horizontally, a reinforcing plate mounted on the contact point of the said steel-frame H-beams and a truss attached to the planes of the H-beams; a frame assembling body fixed by engaging at least one or more wooden structures into engaging recesses provided on the steel-frame H-beams of the basic frame unit and the said truss; and a finishing material enclosing the frame assembling body for finish processing.

2. The set structure according to claim 1, wherein a bottom face of the basic frame unit is fixed on the ground by a concrete fixing body buried under the ground.

3. The set structure according to claim 1, wherein the frame assembling body is assembled with the basic frame unit such that the frame assembling body is arranged only in a longitudinal direction.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] The present invention relates, in general, to wooden buildings constructed with the use of wooden structures and, more particularly, to a wooden building formed with steel-frame H-beams as a basic frame, to which the wooden structures are connected conveniently, easily and securely, so as to allow structures for the wooden building to be connected with one another.

[0003] 2. Description of the Prior Art

[0004] As well known to those skilled in the art, wooden buildings (typically houses) have recently been popular because they give off a fragrant odor, they are resistant to humidity, harmful worms cannot live therein and they also have a longer life span than other buildings, e.g., concrete buildings.

[0005] A wooden building can be easily constructed, but it has weak vertical and horizontal strength. Because of this weakness, the shape of wooden buildings as constructed may be damaged due to environmental stresses such as tornados, typhoons or earthquakes, thereby being likely to cause trouble in safety.

[0006] In addition, weak combinations of props and trusses have lowered the endurance of the wooden building. The ends of each block at the corners of the building, projected while being stacked and crossed, spoil the external appearance thereof. Further, air may undesirably enter the building due to loss of clearance between the building materials.

[0007] Steel-frame buildings or wooden buildings constructed under the prior art are not allowed to change their shapes in a various manner or to be moved according to the user's need, and thus, there is no other choice but to build a new building shaped adaptively to the user's need or on the region that the user desires to locate it, thereby causing the building to be used uneconomically.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the prior art, and an object of the present invention is to provide a set structure for wooden buildings whose basic frames are formed with steel-frame H-beams, strengthening the structural intensity thereof, to which wooden structures are simply and easily coupled, reducing the number of construction processes and shortening the period of time for construction, and accomplishing economical use thereof because their structural change and movement are easily available at the user's need.

[0009] In order to accomplish the above objects, the present invention provides a set structure for a wooden building having interior finishing materials such as veneer boards or dryvit, etc., comprising: a basic frame unit formed with one or more steel-frame H-beams as unit members disposed vertically and horizontally, a reinforcing plate mounted on the contact point of the steel-frame H-beams and a truss attached to the planes of the H-beams; a frame assembling body fixed by engaging at least one or more wooden structures into engaging recesses provided on the steel-frame H-beams of the basic frame unit and the truss; and a finishing material enclosing the frame assembling body for finish processing.

[0010] In the wooden building, a bottom face of the basic frame unit is fixed on the ground by a concrete fixing body buried under the ground.

[0011] In another embodiment, the frame assembling body may be assembled with the basic frame unit such that the frame assembling body is arranged only in a longitudinal direction.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0012] The above and other objects, features and other advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0013] FIG. 1 is a perspective view partially showing the inside of a wooden building according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0014] FIG. 2 is a front elevational view showing a main part of the wooden building while a reinforcing plate is attached to an inclined contact point of a steel-frame H-beam according to the present invention;

[0015] FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view showing a main part of the steel-frame H-beam and a wooden structure according to the present invention;

[0016] FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view showing a main part of a truss and the wooden structure coupled to the steel-frame H-beam according to the present invention;

[0017] FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a main part of coupled steel-frame H-beams according to the present invention;

[0018] FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective-view showing a main part of the wooden structure according to the present invention;

[0019] FIG. 7 is a sectional view showing another main part of the wooden structure according to the present invention;

[0020] FIG. 8 is a side sectional view showing a state where the wooden building according to the present invention is moved.

[0021] FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing a frame of a wooden building according to a second embodiment of the present invention; and

[0022] FIG. 10 is a perspective view partially showing the inside of the wooden building according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0023] Reference should now be made to the drawings, in which the same reference numerals are used throughout the different drawings to designate the same or similar components.

[0024] FIG. 1 is a perspective view partially showing the inside of a wooden building according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a front elevational view showing a main part of the wooden building while a reinforcing plate is attached to an inclined contact face of a steel-frame H-beam according to the present invention, FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view showing a main part of the steel-frame H-beam and a wooden structure according to the present invention, FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view showing a main part of a truss and the wooden structure coupled to the steel-frame H-beam according to the present invention, FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a main part of coupled steel-frame H-beams according to the present invention, FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view showing a main part of the wooden structure according to the present invention, FIG. 7 is a sectional view showing another main part of the wooden structure according to the present invention, and FIG. 8 is a side sectional view showing a state where the wooden building according to the present invention is moved.

[0025] As illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 7, a set structure for a wooden building 86 according to the present invention comprises a basic frame unit 10 provided to form the basic frame of a building with steel-frame H-beams, a frame assembling body 30 formed by assembling the basic frame unit 10 so as to provide the entire frame of the building, and a finishing material 40 enclosing the frame assembling body 30, defining an external appearance of the building.

[0026] The basic frame unit 10 is comprised of at least one or more steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b as a unit member disposed longitudinally and/or horizontally, the steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b having recesses 16 thereon. On each corner thereof inclinedly disposed oppositely is mounted a plate-shaped reinforcing plate 14. A truss 20 is mounted on the plane of the steel-frame H-beam, being formed vertically relative to the recesses 16.

[0027] The frame assembling body 30 is formed by inserting a leading edge of the wooden structure 32a and 32b into the trusses 20 mounted on the steel-frame H-beam 12a and 12b and engaging them by a bolt 80 and a nut 83 as engaging means, and thus, the wooden structure 32a and 32b are formed as prominences 34a and 34b are combined in an opposite manner.

[0028] The finishing material 40 is comprised of veneer boards or dryvit usually used in the industry, providing an agreeable external appearance with the wall of the building.

[0029] On the bottom face of the steel-frame H-beam 12b under the basic frame unit 10 are installed a multiplicity of fixing bodies 50 made of concrete, with which the wooden building 86 can be fixed in a secure manner. If the concrete fixing bodies 50 are removed, the wooden building 86 can be moved simply and easily by use of carrying apparatuses such as forklift trucks.

[0030] The steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b, the reinforcing plate 14 and the truss 20 and so on can be attached to the wooden building by use of engaging means such as bolts 80 and nuts 82 or otherwise through a welding operation. In addition, other engaging means may be used if they can endure assembling stress and impact load.

[0031] Between the finishing material 40 and the frame assembling body 30 may be disposed fiberglass insulation to keep the building warm and to protect it from fire, thereby allowing the building to be maintained in an easy manner.

[0032] In another embodiment, the frame assembling body 30 may be assembled with the basic frame unit 10 such that the frame assembling body 30 is arranged only in a longitudinal direction to construct a wooden building, as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, thus fabricating a stable and safety structure for the wooden building while reducing the period of time for construction.

[0033] With the above configuration, a wooden building can be constructed, endurable to environmental stresses such as typhoons, earthquakes, etc.

[0034] To construct the wooden building 86, one or more steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b are positioned on any desired region of the ground on which the user desires to build it, and a roof is mounted on the top thereof and a wall body is mounted to the bottom of the roof, and a floor is provided between the roof and the wall body, thereby forming a basic frame unit 10.

[0035] The intensity of the roof of the basic frame unit 10 is reinforced by disposing a reinforcing plate 14 on the contact point (apex) of a pair of the steel-frame H-beams 12a, inclined as seen in FIG. 2, and engaging it by means of a bolt 80 or a welding process.

[0036] After the basic frame unit 10 is completed, wooden structures 32a and 32b comprised of at least one or more unit members are inserted into the recesses 16 of the steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b and then engaged by means of the bolt 80 and the nut 82 as seen in FIG. 3.

[0037] The flat faces of the steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b are engaged with the truss 20 by the bolt 80 and the nut 82 as shown in FIG. 4, and thus, wooden structures 32a and 32b based on the truss 20 can be constructed.

[0038] A frame assembling body 30 can be completed by inserting the wooden structures 32a and 32b into the truss 20 fixed to the steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b as depicted in FIG. 5.

[0039] The wooden structures 32a and 32b assembled to the steel-frame H-beams 12a and 12b can be set with any shape, that is, vertically, horizontally or like a cross or crank, etc. as in

“-,” “|,” “⊥,” “T,” “├,” “┤” and “.”

[0040] On the wooden structures 32a and 32b are provided prominences 34a and 34b as seen in FIG. 6, with which they can be coupled with the H-beams vertically and horizontally, thereby increasing the coupling force and the intensity when the frame assembling body 30 is formed.

[0041] The surface of the frame assembling body 30 is enclosed with a finishing material 40 comprised of veneer boards or dryvit, etc., and thereby, the wooden building 86 as illustrated in FIG. 1 is completed. Where the finishing material is worn or damaged, it can be easily replaced with a new one, thereby giving an agreeable external appearance to the building as a whole.

[0042] Since the wooden building 86 can be securely positioned on the ground by being coupled with the concrete fixing bodies 50 buried under the bottom face of the basic frame unit 10, a space for residing is easily provided, thereby increasing the utility of space.

[0043] If the concrete fixing bodies 50 are removed, the wooden building 86 can be easily and simply moved to a different location by use of a forklift truck 88 as depicted in FIG. 8, thereby reducing the necessity of constructing a new building, thereby accomplishing economical use thereof.

[0044] Further, since the wooden building 86 is constructed with a simplified structure, its structure can be changed freely and easily.

[0045] As described above, the present invention provides a wooden building formed with a basic frame unit of steel-frame H-beams and a frame assembling body of wooden structures coupled with the basic frame unit, thereby prevent the building from being deformed or damaged due to tornados, typhoons, earthquakes. Further, since the wooden building according to the present invention has a simplified structure, this enables any person, not necessarily a professional constructer, to construct the building, thereby contributing to the popularization of the wooden buildings.

[0046] In addition, the construction time can be shortened by reducing the number of construction processes, and economical use can be accomplished by allowing the wooden building to be moved without disassembling. Further, its structure can be easily changed and at the same the wooden building can be constructed with multiple layers, thereby leading to the popularization of the wooden buildings.

[0047] Although a preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described for illustrative purposes, those skilled in the art will appreciate that various modifications, additions and substitutions are possible, without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as disclosed in the accompanying claims.