Title:
Hardboard frame products
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A window frame, door frame, or other construction component is constructed using hardboard for improved decay and insect resistance properties. Among the several different embodiments are a frame constructed entirely of hardboard and a frame having an internal wood and external hardboard section.



Inventors:
Dame, Reed N. (Ontario, OR, US)
Application Number:
10/206375
Publication Date:
01/29/2004
Filing Date:
07/25/2002
Assignee:
DAME REED N.
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E06B1/08; E06B1/32; (IPC1-7): E04C2/38
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
KATCHEVES, BASIL S
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Lawrence D. Graham, Esq. (Seattle, WA, US)
Claims:

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:



1. A frame comprising: a top frame member having a first end and a second end; and two side frame members, one of each of the two side frame members attached to the first end and the second end of the top frame member; the top frame member further having an internal portion and an external portion, at least the external portion comprised of engineered wood; and the two side frame members each having an internal portion and an external portion, at least the external portion of each side frame member comprised of engineered wood.

2. The frame of claim 1, wherein the engineered wood comprises hardwood

3. The frame of claim 2, wherein the internal portion of each of the top frame member and two side frame members is comprised of hardboard.

4. The frame of claim 3, wherein the internal and external portions of each of the top and two side frame members are integrally formed.

5. The frame of claim 4, further comprising a sill attached to each of the side frame members.

6. The frame of claim 5, wherein the sill is comprised of hardboard.

7. The frame of claim 3, wherein the frame is a door frame.

8. The frame of claim 7, further comprising a plurality of hinge mortises.

9. The frame of claim 8, further comprising a lock mortise.

10. The frame of claim 3, wherein the frame is a window frame.

11. The frame of claim 10, further comprising a mullion attached to the frame, wherein the mullion is comprised of hardboard.

12. The frame of claim 2, wherein the internal portion of each of the top frame member and two side frame members is comprised of wood.

13. The frame of claim 12, further comprising a sill attached to each of the side frame members.

14. The frame of claim 13, wherein the sill is comprised of hardboard.

15. The frame of claim 12, wherein the frame is a door frame.

16. The frame of claim 15, further comprising a plurality of hinge mortises.

17. The frame of claim 16, further comprising a lock mortise.

18. The frame of claim 12, wherein the frame is a window frame.

19. The frame of claim 17, further comprising a mullion attached to the frame, wherein the mullion is comprised of hardboard.

20. The frame of claim 12, wherein each of the two side frame members comprises an upper section and a lower section, and further wherein the lower section is comprised entirely of hardboard.

21. The frame of claim 20, further comprising a sill attached to each of the side frame members.

22. The frame of claim 21, wherein the sill is comprised of hardboard.

23. The frame of claim 20, wherein the frame is a door frame.

24. The frame of claim 23, further comprising a plurality of hinge mortises.

25. The frame of claim 24, further comprising a lock mortise.

26. The frame of claim 22, wherein the frame is a window frame.

27. The frame of claim 26, further comprising a mullion attached to the frame, wherein the mullion is comprised of hardboard.

28. A brick mold comprising a front surface and a substantially flat back surface for attachment to a frame, wherein the brickmold is constructed form engineered wood.

29. A frame member comprising an internal portion and an external portion, wherein at least the external portion is constructed from engineered wood.

30. The frame member of claim 29, wherein the frame member is a mull post.

Description:

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] This invention relates generally to door frames, window frames, and other construction products.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] When building a new home, interior and exterior walls are typically framed in a manner that leaves openings where doors are to be placed. The framed opening includes load-bearing structural members, but usually does not include the frame on which the door itself is to be hung. Rather, a separately constructed door frame having a header, two side jambs, and sometimes a sill, is placed in the framed opening and nailed or otherwise secured. The door may be pre-hung, meaning that it is attached to a side jamb before the door frame is secured, or may be hinged to the door frame after the frame is secured to the opening.

[0003] Over the years, there have been many advances in the construction of door frames to enable them to better fit inside a door opening and to use different materials when building the frame. For example, door frames are often built with small pieces of lumber, using finger joints to attach numerous small pieces of wood together to make an entire frame. The use of multiple sections of lumber is much cheaper than building frames from single, clear sections of wood, and produces less wood waste by using small pieces.

[0004] More recently, some wood products have been made from engineered wood, including materials sometimes called “hardboard.” In general, engineered wood is a wood fiber composite made from a blend of wood fiber and resins in combination with paraffin wax, plastic, or other additives. Hardboard is a particular type of engineered wood. To date, hardboard has been primarily used in aesthetic trim applications, and is typically described as a nonstructural decorative trim product that is generally not used where structural lumber properties are required.

[0005] In one case, door frames have incorporated a small amount of extruded engineered wood at the portion of the frame that contacts the floor in order to improve the ability of the frame to withstand decay caused by moisture and insects. In U.S. Pat. No. 6,122,882, Hagel describes such a door frame constructed from an extruded engineered wood product attached to the bottom of door frame side jambs via finger joints. The Hagel frame also makes use of multiple finger-jointed lumber pieces, as is common in the industry.

[0006] Although the Hagel product theoretically offers advantages in decay resistance, it suffers from a number of disadvantages as well. For example, it only offers decay resistance properties for a small section at the base of the door frame. But exterior door frames may be subject to water or insect-based decay over any portion of the frame that extends outside the building. In addition, the Hagel product incorporates an additional finger joint in a frame made from multiple pieces of lumber. Ideally, the number of finger joints should be kept to a minimum to enhance both structural and aesthetic qualities of the door frame. Moreover, by using two different materials, the transition may be visible and the two materials may take paint or stain differently depending on the materials chosen. Still further, it can be complicated and expensive to produce an extruded decay resistant material and join it to a wood piece to create a uniform, smooth transition.

[0007] Consequently, there is a need for an improved decay-resistant frame product for use with doors, windows, and other settings that overcomes some of the above problems.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] The present invention comprises a frame for use with doors, windows, or other areas. In a preferred embodiment, the frame includes a top jamb, two side jambs, and an optional sill. Each of the jambs and the sill are made from engineered wood to provide resistance against decay and insect infestation.

[0009] In accordance with further preferred aspects of the invention, one or more of the top jamb, side jambs, and sill include a dado and are joined together using glue, staples, or nails.

[0010] In accordance with other preferred aspects of the invention, the frame may alternatively be constructed such that each of the top jamb and side jambs includes an interior section and an exterior section. In this embodiment, the interior section is made from wood while the exterior section is made from hardboard. If a sill is included, it is preferably constructed entirely from hardboard.

[0011] In accordance with still further preferred aspects of the invention, the embodiment having interior wood and exterior hardboard sections may also alternatively include lower sections of the side jambs that are constructed entirely of hardboard.

[0012] In accordance with yet other preferred aspects of the invention, a door frame constructed in accordance with any of the preferred embodiments may also include hinge mortises, lock mortises, a door-engaging shoulder, and weather stripping.

[0013] In accordance with still further preferred aspects of the invention, any of the above alternative constructions of the present inventions may be applied to other frame settings, particularly including window frames.

[0014] In accordance with further preferred aspects of the invention, construction materials are produced in which the construction material has two sections including a wood section and a hardboard section. Such a construction is useful for materials intended to be used in environments in which a portion of the material will be internal and a separate portion will be external.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0015] The preferred and alternative embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below with reference to the following drawings.

[0016] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred door frame;

[0017] FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an alternate embodiment of a preferred door frame;

[0018] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of another alternate embodiment of a preferred door frame;

[0019] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another alternate embodiment of a preferred door frame;

[0020] FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a preferred window frame;

[0021] FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a preferred brick mold; and

[0022] FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a preferred mull post.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0023] A door frame constructed in accordance with this invention is illustrated in FIG. 1. The frame 10 includes a substantially vertical first side jamb 20, a substantially vertical second side jamb 21, and a substantially horizontal top jamb 30. Each of the jambs includes a shoulder 25 on an interior surface that engages a door when the door is closed. The second side jamb 21 includes three hinge mortises 24. A hinge is attached at one end to each of the hinge mortises 24 and at the other end to a door. Although three hinge mortises 24 are illustrated, any number of hinge mortises and corresponding hinges can be used to carry a door, consistent with this invention. Likewise, while it is convenient for the hinge mortises to be provided in the completed frame 10, the frame may alternatively be constructed without the hinge mortises 24. In such a construction, the hinge mortises would be chiseled or otherwise formed at the installation site.

[0024] The first side jamb 20 may also include a pre-formed lock mortise for receiving a strike plate, as well as one or more pre-drilled holes for receiving a latch or dead bolt. The lock holes or mortises may be particularly useful in combination with a pre-hung door, because corresponding holes may be drilled in the door to accommodate a door knob or dead bolt lock.

[0025] In the preferred embodiment as illustrated in FIG. 1, the frame 10 is constructed entirely from hardboard. As used in this patent specification, hardboard refers to any of a variety of engineered wood fiber composite materials. The hardboard used in the preferred frame of this invention is constructed from resin, wax, a binder, and lignocellulosic material. To improve the structural integrity for use in a frame, the wood fiber material is preferably from hardwoods such as oak, poplar, or maple. Heat and pressure are applied to the treated lignocellulosic material to form a consolidated wood product. A presently preferred hardboard is commercially available-under the trademark MiraTE® and is described in one or more of U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,030,562; 5,993,709; 5,980,798; and 5,677,369. Other examples of suitable engineered products include Extira made by Craftmaster, Inc.; MEDEX made by Medite Corp.; Fiberstrate made by Georgia Pacific; Engineered Wood made by Temple-Inland Forest Products; and ABTCO Hardboard made by Louisiana-Pacific Corp.

[0026] The hardboard used for the jambs is preferably produced in blanks that are appropriately sized for use in a door frame. A common size for door jambs is about 1¼ inches thick by 4⅝ inches wide. The blanks are then machine molded to produce the shoulder 25, mortises, rounded corners, and a smooth finish. Although pre-sized blanks are preferred, the jambs may alternatively be made from larger sheets of hardboard, such as 4′×8′ sheets that are commercially available. The sheets are ripped lengthwise into blanks that are 4⅝ inches wide, then machined as described above. In yet another alternate embodiment, the jambs may be extruded to form a shape that includes the shoulder, then machined to produce the mortises.

[0027] The use of hardboard for the entire frame 10 produces a door frame that is decay resistant over its entire surface. In addition, the use of an engineered product makes it easier to produce the frame with single, continuous planks for each of the top jamb 30, first side jamb 20, and second side jamb 21. Nonetheless, any of the jambs of the frame 10 can be comprised of separate pieces of hardboard joined together via finger joints or other means.

[0028] The top jamb 30 is joined to each of the first side jamb 20 and second side jamb 21 to form a substantially 90 degree joint. Preferably, the top jamb 30 includes a dado at each end to receive the side jambs. The top and side jambs are then attached using glue, staples, nails, screws, or other fastening means.

[0029] Any of the preferred or alternate embodiments of the door frame may also include a bottom sill 60, as illustrated in FIG. 4. The sill 60 is constructed from hardboard and is attached to the side jambs in the same fashion as the top jamb. Although not illustrated, the sill 60 or any of the top or side jambs may also include weather-stripping attached to interior surfaces to provide a better seal between the door and the frame. Where weather-stripping is desired, a slot (not shown) is formed along appropriate portions of the shoulder 25 of the frame to receive a weather-stripping tab to attach the weather-stripping. Likewise, while the sill and jambs are illustrated as being generally rectangular in shape, they may include molded portions that provide beads, coves, rounding, or other functionally or aesthetically desired shapes.

[0030] An alternate embodiment of the frame is illustrated in FIG. 2. As with the prior embodiment, this alternate embodiment comprises a top jamb, two side jambs, and an optional sill. Thus, the frame 40 includes a first side jamb 20, and a second side jamb 21, each attached to a top jamb 30. In this case, however, the frame includes an interior portion made of wood and an exterior portion made from hardboard. As used in this specification, the terms interior (or internal) and exterior (or external) refer to portions of the frame that are generally inside or generally outside the room or building that is enclosed by the door. Thus, for example, in a frame used with an exterior door of a house, the interior side of the frame is the portion of the frame extending inside the house, while the exterior portion of the frame extends to the outside of the house.

[0031] The first side jamb 20 includes an interior wood side 28 joined to an exterior hardboard side 29. The top jamb 30 likewise includes an interior wood side 32 joined to an exterior hardboard side 31, while the second side jamb includes an interior wood side 26 joined to an exterior hardboard side 27. The two side pieces in each case are preferably joined together using glue. If an optional sill is included, it is preferably formed entirely of hardboard, though it may also be formed using wood and hardboard portions.

[0032] Yet another alternate embodiment is illustrated in FIG. 3. As with the embodiment of FIG. 2, this version incorporates interior wood and exterior hardboard sides of the frame. In this case, however, the lowermost portion of the side jambs 20, 21 are constructed entirely from hardboard. Thus, the first side jamb 20 includes an interior section 28 made from wood, an exterior section 29 made from hardboard, and a lower section 51 made entirely from hardboard. The second side jamb 21 likewise includes an interior section 26 made from wood, an exterior section 27 made from hardboard, and a lower section 52 made entirely from hardboard. The lower portions 50, 51 need not be very long, and preferably extend upward no more than one quarter of the way toward the top jamb 30.

[0033] Although the present invention has been described above in use with a door frame, it may also be used in other frame constructions, particularly including window frames. FIG. 5 depicts a typical window frame 70 having a header 72, side frame members 74, 76, and a sill 78. In the example depicted in FIG. 5, the window includes an upper window pane 84 and lower window pane 82 in which the lower pane 82 is configured to open by sliding upward. The window also includes a grille comprising vertical and horizontal dividers 80. Numerous alternative window constructions are also possible, including single-pane windows and windows that open in other ways.

[0034] The window frame 70 is preferably constructed entirely from hardboard, as with the preferred door frame of FIG. 1. Thus, the header, sill, and side members are constructed from hardboard.

[0035] Alternatively, the window frame may be constructed using a combination of wood and hardboard, as with the door frame of FIG. 2. In such an embodiment, the header 72 and side members 74, 76 include an internal wood portion and an external hardwood portion joined together by glue. The sill 78 is preferably constructed entirely from hardboard, but may alternatively be constructed in two sections as with the other frame members.

[0036] In yet another alternate embodiment, the window frame 70 is constructed much like the door frame of FIG. 3. Thus, it includes a header 72 having an internal wood portion and external hardboard section. The sill 78 is constructed entirely of hardboard. Each of the side members 74, 76 is constructed consistent with the side jambs depicted in FIG. 3, so that they include internal wood portions, external hardboard portions, and a lower section made entirely from hardboard.

[0037] Windows are commonly produced in a double pane configuration. In such a construction, the grille is often placed between the panes for ease in cleaning and to protect it against the elements. In some cases, a grille or mullions appear either inside or outside the window pane. In either embodiment, the present invention includes an optional grille or window mullions constructed entirely from hardboard. By using hardboard for the external grille, mullions, and sill, the window frame is highly resistant to damage from weather and infestation.

[0038] Frame and trim members can also be constructed for additional uses besides those described above. For example, frames and posts for use in framing patio doors or sliding glass doors can be constructed entirely from hardboard or from a construction material having internal wood and external hardboard sections. FIGS. 6 and 7 depict a brick mold 90 and mull post 100, respectively. A brick mold is typically used as trim around a door frame, and preferably includes beads, coves, or other aspects that are aesthetically pleasing. The brick mold 90 such as that depicted in FIG. 6 is used around the entire door frame, to cover the gap between the door frame and the section of wall it is adjacent to. In the preferred embodiment, the entire brick mold is constructed from engineered wood and is produced separately from the door frame to be attached later by nails or other fasteners. In alternate embodiments, the brick mold may be formed with the frame members or can be pre-attached to the frame before the frame is installed in the door opening.

[0039] The mull post 100 of FIG. 7 is of the type typically used with a patio door or a door having a side light on either side. The mull post may be used as part of the frame as depicted in FIGS. 1-4, and therefore may be constructed in the same manner as any of the side frame members as discussed above. In addition, it may include mortises for strike plates, hinges, and locks as with the side frame members.

[0040] While the preferred embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, as noted above, many changes can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the scope of the invention is not limited by the disclosure of the preferred embodiment.