Title:
Bedding or seating foundation having sinuous spring modules
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A bedding or seating product comprising a base having a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails. A plurality of resilient sinuous spring modules are secured to the base rails. A nestably stackable wire assembly including a wire grid, support wires and surrounding border wire are supported by the sinuous spring modules.



Inventors:
Brottlund, Von W. (Pierce City, MO, US)
Knewtson, Kelly M. (Joplin, MO, US)
Application Number:
10/241941
Publication Date:
01/08/2004
Filing Date:
09/12/2002
Assignee:
L&P Property Management Company (South Gate, CA, US)
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
5/255
International Classes:
A47C23/00; A47C23/02; A47C23/30; (IPC1-7): A47C23/02
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
SINGH, SUNIL
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
WOOD, HERRON & EVANS, LLP (CINCINNATI, OH, US)
Claims:

We claim:



1. A bedding or seating foundation comprising: a base comprising a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails, a plurality of sinuous spring modules secured to said intermediate rails of said base, a plurality of transversely spaced, parallel and longitudinally extending support wires, a wire grid spaced above said base, each of said support wires being generally corrugated along its length having flattened peaks and flattened valleys, said flattened peaks being secured to said wire grid and said flattened valleys being secured to said sinuous spring modules, and an upholstered covering surrounding said base, sinuous spring modules, support wires and wire grid.

2. A bedding or seating foundation comprising: a base comprising a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails, a plurality of sinuous spring modules secured to said intermediate rails of said base, a plurality of transversely spaced, parallel and longitudinally extending support wires, a wire grid spaced above said base, each of said support wires being generally corrugated along its length having flattened peaks and flattened valleys, said flattened peaks being secured to said wire grid and said flattened valleys being secured to said sinuous spring modules.

3. The foundation of claim 2 wherein each of said sinuous spring modules is generally arcuate.

4. The foundation of claim 3 wherein each of said sinuous spring modules has a pair of end portions to which fasteners are secured to join said sinuous spring module to an adjacent pair of said support wires.

5. The foundation of claim 4 wherein said fasteners are metal clips.

6. A bedding or seating foundation comprising: a base comprising a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails, a plurality of sinuous spring modules secured to said intermediate rails of said base, each of said sinuous spring modules having a pair of end portions, a plurality of transversely spaced, parallel and longitudinally extending support wires, each of said support wires being generally corrugated along its length and having flattened peaks and flattened valleys, said flattened valleys being secured to said end portions of said sinuous spring modules, and a wire grid secured to said flattened peaks of said support wires.

7. The foundation of claim 6 wherein said wire grid has a border wire around the periphery thereof.

8. The foundation of claim 7 wherein each of said support wires has a pair of ends secured to said border wire.

9. A bedding or seating foundation comprising: a base comprising a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails, a plurality of sinuous spring modules secured to said intermediate rails and said end rails of said base, each of said sinuous spring modules having a middle portion and a pair of end portions raised from said middle portion, a nestably stackable wire assembly comprising, a plurality of transversely spaced, parallel and longitudinally extending support wires, each of said support wires being generally corrugated along its length and having flattened peaks and flattened valleys, and a wire grid, said flattened peaks of said support wires being secured to said wire grid and said flattened valleys of said support wires being secured to said end portions of said sinuous spring modules.

10. The foundation of claim 9 wherein said wire grid has a border wire around the periphery thereof.

11. The foundation of claim 10 wherein each of said support wires has a pair of ends secured to said border wire.

12. A bedding or seating foundation comprising: a base comprising a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails, a plurality of generally C-shaped sinuous spring modules secured to said rails of said base, each of said sinuous spring modules having a pair of end portions, a nestably stackable wire assembly comprising a plurality of transversely spaced, parallel and longitudinally extending support wires, each of said support wires being generally corrugated along its length and having flattened peaks and flattened valleys, and a wire grid, said flattened peaks of said support wires being secured to said wire grid and said flattened valleys of said support wires being secured to said end portions of said sinuous spring modules.

14. The foundation of claim 13 wherein said end portions of said sinuous spring module are raised above said rails of said base.

15. The foundation of claim 13 wherein each of said sinuous spring modules has a middle portion securing said sinuous spring module to one of said rails of said base.

16. The foundation of claim 13 wherein said rails of said base are made of wood.

17. The foundation of claim 13 wherein said wire grid has a border wire around the periphery thereof.

18. The foundation of claim 17 wherein each of said support wires has a pair of ends secured to said border wire.

19. A bedding or seating foundation comprising: a base comprising a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails, a plurality of generally arcuate sinuous spring modules secured to said intermediate rails of said base, and a wire assembly supported by said arcuate sinuous spring modules.

20. The foundation of claim 19 wherein said wire assembly is nestably stackable.

21. The foundation of claim 19 wherein said wire assembly comprises a plurality of transversely spaced, parallel and longitudinally extending support wires, each of said support wires being generally corrugated along its length having flattened peaks and flattened valleys, said flattened peaks being secured to said a wire grid and said flattened valleys being secured to said sinuous spring modules.

22. The foundation of claim 19 wherein said wire assembly includes a wire grid having a border wire.

23. The foundation of claim 19 wherein each of said sinuous spring modules is generally C-shaped.

24. The foundation of claim 23 wherein each of said C-shaped sinuous spring modules has a middle portion attached to said base, outer portions extending upwardly from said middle portion, each of said outer portions terminating in an end portion secured to saiid wire assembly.

Description:

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a continuation-in-part application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/191,270 filed Jul. 8, 2002 entitled BEDDING OR SEATING FOUNDATION HAVING METAL SPRING MODULES, which is fully incorporated by reference herein.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002] The present invention relates to bedding or seating products and more particularly to a bedding or seating product having a nestably stackable interior.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Traditional box springs have been made which comprise a generally rectangular wood base including a pair of end rails and a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails extending from one side rail to the other side rail. A plurality of spaced coil springs arranged in a matrix are supported by the end rails and intermediate rails of the box spring base. The lower end turns of each of the coil springs are stapled or otherwise secured to the wooden rails of the box spring base. At the other end of each of the coil springs the upper end turns of the coil springs are secured to a wire grid comprising a plurality of intersecting wires arranged in a crisscrossing pattern. A generally rectangular upper border wire extends around the periphery of the grid. The box spring frame or base, coil springs and upper grid are encased in an upholstered covering in order to complete the box spring. Such a box spring has uniform characteristics throughout due to the uniform nature of the spring matrix. Other types of bedding or seating products have been made in the same manner.

[0004] Bedding or seating products including box springs have also been made with modular springs or other configuration of springs different than conventional coil springs. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 5,052,064 discloses a nestably stackable wire assembly supported by a box spring frame. A conventional wire grid forms a part of the nestably stackable wire assembly along with a plurality of transversely spaced longitudinally extending generally corrugated support wires. The corrugated support wire have flattened peaks secured to the wire grid and flattened valleys secured to the base of the bedding foundation.

[0005] The nestably stackable wire assembly of U.S. Pat. No. 5,052,064 may be nestably stacked with numerous other such assemblies for transportation. After being transported to the bedding manufacturer's location the nestably stackable wire assemblies are each secured to a base, before being covered with padding and surrounded in an upholstered covering. By shipping the foundations in nestably stackable pieces, the spring manufacturer thereby avoids the need to compress and tie a plurality of assembled foundations for shipping. Although such a bedding foundation does save space during shipping, once assembled, such a foundation is relatively rigid and lacks resiliency desired in a bedding or seating foundation.

[0006] Another patent which discloses a nestably stackable wire assembly for use in a bedding foundation is applicant's U.S. Pat. No. 5,361,434. This patent discloses a bedding foundation having a nestably stackable wire assembly which contains a plurality of longitudinally extending support wires like those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,052,064. However, in this patent a plurality of springs are disposed between adjacent valleys of the generally corrugated support wires and secured thereto along with being secured to one of the slats of the base or frame. This bedding foundation, like the foundation of U.S. Pat. No. 5,052,064, is relatively rigid and lacks the desired resiliency many individuals prefer in a box spring product.

[0007] U.S. Pat. No. 5,720,471 discloses a bedding foundation having a plurality of modules made of molded composite materials supported by the inner frame members of the base of the foundation. A mattress support structure in the form of a grid is attached to the upper ends of each of the composite modules such that upon a downwardly deflected load, the individual composite modules compress, thereby giving the foundation some resiliency. Upon release of the force, the individual spring composite modules return to the uncompressed state. One disadvantage to such a compressible foundation is that the seasonal temperature fluctuations cause the plastic or composite material to react sporadically or irregularly, thereby unpredictably affecting the performance of the box spring or bedding foundation.

[0008] Therefore, it has been one objective of the present invention to provide a bedding or seating product having consistent performance regardless of the surrounding temperature.

[0009] It is further been an objective of the present invention to provide a bedding or seating foundation having a nestably stackable wire assembly which is secured to sinuous elements secured to the base members to increase the resiliency of the foundation.

[0010] It has been another objective of the present invention to provide a bedding or seating product which may be transported in multiple parts, thereby reducing the amount of space necessary for shipment.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

[0011] The invention of this application which accomplishes these objectives comprises a bedding or seating product having a base comprising a pair of end rails, a pair of side rails and a plurality of intermediate rails. The intermediate rails may extend parallel the side rails, parallel the end rails or both, depending upon the size of the product and the desired application. The rails of the base are preferably wooden, but may be made of other materials.

[0012] A plurality of sinuous spring modules are secured to the rails of the base. These sinuous spring modules are all configured identically and are all of approximately the same fixed height, which will be referred to as a first height for purposes of this application. However, the sinuous spring modules may be slightly different from one another in accordance with the present invention. In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, the sinuous spring modules are generally arcuate and C-shaped while in an alternative embodiment the sinuous spring modules are more linearly shaped or configured.

[0013] In one preferred embodiment of the present invention, these sinuous spring modules are secured to the intermediate and end rails of the base, extend upwardly therefrom and are transversely spaced from one another. In this embodiment, the intermediate rails are transversely oriented, extending between and secured to the longitudinally extending side rails of the base. However, the intermediate rails may be oriented longitudinally, generally parallel the side rails of the base in accordance with the present invention.

[0014] A nestably stackable wire assembly is supported by the base via the sinuous spring modules. The nestably stackable wire assembly comprises a plurality of parallel support wires, spaced from one another, and a wire grid secured to the tops of the support wires. In one preferred embodiment, the support wires are longitudinally extending and transversely spaced from one another. However, the support wires of the nestably stackable wire assembly may be transversely oriented in accordance with the present invention.

[0015] Each of the support wires is generally corrugated along its length and has flattened peaks and flattened valleys intermediate of the flattened peaks. The flattened peaks are welded or otherwise secured to the wire grid which comprises a plurality of intersecting wires and a border wire extending around the periphery of the wire grid. Alternatively, a plastic grid or any other type of structure may be secured to the flattened peaks of the support wires. The ends of each support wire are secured to the border wire of the wire grid. If desired, the wire grid may not have a border wire, in which case the ends of the support wires would be secured to any members of the wire grid.

[0016] A layer of padding overlies the top of the nestably stackable wire assembly. An upholstered covering surrounds the padding, the base, the sinuous spring modules and the nestably stackable wire assembly, thereby encompassing the entire interior of the product.

[0017] Each of the sinuous spring modules has a generally planar middle portion which is adapted to receive fasteners to secure the sinuous spring module to one of the rails of the base. Extending outwardly and upwardly from the middle portion of each sinuous spring module are a pair of outer portions, each terminating in an end portion. Each end portion is connected to one of the flattened valleys of one of the support wires with a fastener such a wrap-around metal clip.

[0018] To assemble the product of the present invention, the sinuous spring modules are clipped to the nestably stackable wire assembly to create a finished upper wire assembly. The finished upper wire assembly is then lowered onto a base supported by a supporting surface. The sinuous spring modules of the finished upper wire assembly are then stapled or otherwise secured to the base rails.

[0019] Due to the configuration of each of the sinuous spring modules, loads placed on the surface of the bedding foundation are at least partially absorbed by the give or resiliency of the sinuous spring modules. Thus, the bedding or seating product of the present invention has a degree of resiliency, a desired characteristic of such products. These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will be more readily apparent from the following description of the drawings.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0020] FIG. 1 is a perspective view partially broken away of a portion of a bedding or seating product made in accordance with the present invention, the intermediate rails of the base extending transversely.

[0021] FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of one of the sinuous spring modules secured to an end rail of the base, a pair of support wires of the nestably stackable wire assembly being secured to the end portions of the sinuous spring module with metal clips.

[0022] FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of a finished upper wire assembly being lowered into engagement with the base and stapled thereto.

[0023] FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of an alternative embodiment of the sinuous spring module of the present invention.

[0024] FIG. 5 is an top view of the sinuous spring module of FIG. 4.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0025] Referring to the drawings, and particularly to FIGS. 1 and 2, there is illustrated a bedding or seating product 10 having a wooden base 12. The base 12 has a generally rectangular frame 13 including a pair of end rails 14 (only one being shown) and a pair of side rails 16. The base 12 further includes a plurality of intermediate rails 18 which are generally parallel the end rails 14 and secured to the side rails 16. The product 10 has a transverse dimension or width W defined as the distance between the outer surfaces 17 of the side rails 16. The longitudinal dimension or length (not shown) of the product 10, defined as the distance between the outer surfaces 19 of the end rails 14, is typically longer than the width W of the product. However, a square product in which the length and width of the product are identical is envisioned by this application.

[0026] A plurality of sinuous spring modules 20 are secured to the end rails 14 and intermediate rails 18 of the base 12 in a manner illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. A nestably stackable wire assembly 24 is supported by the sinuous spring modules 20, as illustrated in FIG. 1.

[0027] The nestably stackable wire assembly 24 comprises a plurality of transversely spaced, longitudinally extending support wires 26, a wire grid 28 and generally rectangular border wire 30 having side portions 32 and end portions 34. Each of the support wires 26 has a pair of ends 36 which are wrapped around or otherwise secured to the end portions 34 of the border wire 30. Each support wire 26 is individually formed to be generally corrugated along its length, having alternating flattened peaks 38 and flattened valleys 40. Between the flattened peaks 38 and flattened valleys 40 are intermediate straight or linear portions 41. Configurations of support wires other than the configuration shown may be used in accordance with the present invention.

[0028] The wire grid 26 comprises a plurality of transverse grid wires 42 extending from one side portion 32 of the border wire 30 to the other side portion 32 of the border wire 30. The ends 44 of each transverse grid wire 42 are wrapped around or otherwise secured to the side portions 32 of the border wire 30. The wire grid 26 further comprises a plurality of longitudinal grid wires 46 extending from one end portion 34 of the border wire 30 to the other end portion 34 of the border wire 30. The ends 48 of each longitudinal grid wire 46 are wrapped around or otherwise secured to the end portions 34 of the border wire 30. The longitudinal and transverse grid wires 46, 42, respectively, intersect each other and are secured to each other at intersections 50.

[0029] As part of the wire assembly 24, the transverse grid wires 42 are further secured to the flattened peaks 38 of the support wires 26 at locations 52, thereby further securing each of the support wires 26 to the wire grid 28.

[0030] FIG. 2 illustrates one of the sinuous spring modules 20 in detail attached to one of the end rails 14 of the base 12. Each of the sinuous spring modules 20 is generally C-shaped and arcuate or bowed along its length. Each sinuous spring module 20 has a plurality of spaced linear portions 54 and a plurality of curved portions 56 joining adjacent linear portions 54. Each sinuous spring module 20 has a middle portion 58 and a pair of outer portions 59 extending outwardly from the middle portion 56. Each of the outer portions 59 is curved upwardly and extends outwardly, terminating in an end portion 60 having an offset tail portion 62. See FIGS. 2 and 3.

[0031] As illustrated in FIG. 2, fasteners in the form of clips 64 wrap around the end portions 60 of the sinuous spring module 20 and the flattened valleys 40 of adjacent support wires 26 to secure the sinuous spring module 20 to the flattened valleys 40 of the support wires 26. Any type of fastener may be used to join the support wires 26 and sinuous spring modules 20. The invention of this application does not limit the fastener used to secure the sinuous spring modules 20 to the support wires 26 of the nestably stackable wire assembly 24.

[0032] The middle portion 58 of the sinuous spring module 20 has a length “L” and comprises a pair of adjacent linear portions 54′ and one curved portion 56′ connecting the linear portions 54′. As illustrated in FIG. 3, only the middle portion 58 of the sinuous spring module 20 contacts the rail. A pair of staples 66 are inserted into the end rail 14 around the linear portions 54′ of the sinuous spring module 20 to secure the sinuous spring module 20 to the end rail 14 of the base. Although two staples 66 are illustrated, any number of staples may be used to connect the sinuous spring module 20 to the rails of the base. Any type of fastener may be used to make the connection. The invention of this application does not limit the fastener used to secure the sinuous spring modules 20 to the rails of the base 12. Although FIG. 2 illustrates one of the sinuous spring modules 20 attached to one of the end rails 14, the sinuous spring modules 20 are secured to the intermediate rails 18 in the same manner.

[0033] The sinuous spring modules 20 may be made of any material but are preferably made of spring steel.

[0034] The method by which the bedding or seating product 10 of the present invention is assembled is illustrated in FIG. 3. As illustrated in FIG. 3, a nestably stackable wire assembly 24 is removed from a stack of the same and secured to the sinuous spring modules 20 with fasteners 64. More particularly, the flattened valleys 40 of the support wires 26 of the nestably stackable wire assembly 24 are secured to the end portions 60 of the sinuous spring modules 20 with clips 64 to create a finished upper wire assembly 70. The finished upper wire assembly 70 is then lowered in the direction of arrows 68 until the sinuous spring modules 12 engage the base 12 supported by a supporting surface 72. The middle portions 58 of the sinuous spring modules 20 are then stapled to the intermediate and end rails 18, 14 of the base 12 with staples 66, thereby securing the finished upper assembly 70 to the base 12.

[0035] Because the wire assembly 24 is relatively rigid due primarily due to the configuration of the support wires 26, the resiliency of the sinuous spring modules 20 gives the product 10 its desired resiliency. The ability of the sinuous spring modules 20 to deflect or give when a load is placed on the relatively rigid wire assembly 24 gives the bedding or seating foundation product 10 more resiliency than heretofore know bedding or seating foundations such as the one described in applicant's U.S. Pat. No. 5,052,064.

[0036] At least one layer of padding 5 covers the wire assembly 24. An upholstered covering 6 encases or surrounds the base 12, the finished wire assembly 70 secured to the base 12 and the padding 5.

[0037] Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, an alternative embodiment of sinuous spring module 20a is illustrated and will be described in accordance with the present invention. For purposes of simplicity, like reference numerals refer to like elements shown in the embodiment of sinuous spring module 20 shown in FIGS. 1-3. This embodiment of sinuous spring module 20a has a generally planar middle portion 58a including three adjacent linear portions 80 and two curved portions 82 joining linear portions 80. In addition, the sinuous spring module 20a has a pair of outer portions 59a, each outer portion 59a comprising a linear portion 90 joined to middle portion 58a with curved portion 92. The outer portion 59a also includes an end portion 94 joined to linear portion 90 with curved portion 96. As illustrated in FIG. 4 each of the outer portions extends upwardly and outwardly from the middle portion 56a of the sinuous spring module 20a.

[0038] While we have described one preferred embodiment of the bedding or seating product of the present invention, persons skilled in the art will appreciate changes and modifications which may be made to the present invention without departing from the spirit of the invention of this application. For example, the sinuous spring modules may assume configurations other than the one illustrated and described above. Therefore, we intend to be limited only by the scope of the following claims.