Title:
Design and construction method for pre-fabricated high rise building attaching for environments and village community
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The present invention relates generally to a method for designing and constructing buildings, such as a residential building such as an apartment building, a commercial lodging building such as a hotel, a capsule type building for sleep and rest, an office building and a commercial building, in two or more of pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly and communal manners. The method includes the steps of constructing a basic framed structure in a conventional manner, manufacturing a part or the whole of one or more houses as a unit in advance, inserting the part and the whole of the houses into said basic framed structure, and forming a variety of living spaces and environmentally friendly and traditional facilities beside its passageways. Accordingly, the costs and period of construction can be reduced and the custom-made interior and structure of the building can be provided.



Inventors:
Lee, Soo Haeng (Seoul, KR)
Application Number:
10/257660
Publication Date:
06/05/2003
Filing Date:
10/16/2002
Assignee:
LEE SOO HAENG
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
52/236.3
International Classes:
E04B1/348; E04B1/35; E04H1/04; E04H1/06; E04H3/02; (IPC1-7): E04H1/00; E04H3/00; E04H6/00
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:



Primary Examiner:
CHAPMAN, JEANETTE E
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Salter & Michaelson (Providence, RI, US)
Claims:
1. A method for designing and constructing pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly and communal building type construction structures, said building being a residential building such as an apartment building, a commercial lodging building such as a hotel, a capsule type building for sleep and rest, an office building or a commercial building, comprising the steps of: constructing a basic framed structure in a conventional manner, manufacturing a part or the whole of one or more houses as a unit in advance, and inserting the part and the whole of the houses into said basic framed structure; and constructing each house, common space or public space, or a part of a house, common space or public space in the form of a Korean traditional house with a wooden floor and an earthen garden, the traditional house of any region or country, a modern house, a ger, a bungalow, one-story house, two-story house or the like, constructing a passageway as a village road rather than a hallway, positioning sliding doors, paper doors, traditional wooden doors or the like between a bedroom and a living room and between an indoor space and an outdoor space, laying out a floor instead of a bed or sofa, and forming one or more separate wings, attics or other environmentally friendly facilities in a predetermined space.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein, in order to allow two neighboring houses or three or more houses to form a single community, for a building type construction structure of a pre-fabricated or conventional type apartment, a kitchen garden is formed to communicate with an entrance or outdoor steps, a garden, a veranda and an athletic field are formed beside a promenade to communicate with one another, and a public front yard, a public back yard, public benches, a public garden, a public fountain and a public wash place are formed; and for a building type construction structure of an environmentally friendly apartment, a wall and a fence are not formed between the houses of each environmentally friendly building but an open wall and a open fence are formed therebetween, and the spaces for public use are provided to form community facilities such as a small park, a small hill, a brook, a small zoo park, a culture, recreation and sport center, a reading room, a village square and the like.

3. The method according to claim 2, wherein a certain space for a promenade, a small park, a village square, a small forest, a pond, a small zoo or botanical garden, a playground, a culture facility, a recreation facility, a reading room or a meeting room is reserved in an internal space or another space of a conventional building type construction structure, and one or more communal spaces or facilities are formed therein.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein said basic framed structure is constructed to extend from the lowermost story to the uppermost story, and said units manufactured in advance are inserted into and assembled with said basic framed structure in horizontal and/or vertical directions and alternating directions from the lowermost story or a convenient position.

5. The method according to claim 1, wherein said basic framed structure is constructed to extend over one or more stories, said units manufactured in advance are inserted into and assembled with said basic framed structure in horizontal and/or vertical directions and alternating directions, and repeating the construction of said basic framed structure and the insertion and assembly of said units, thereby completing construction of a building.

6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said units is each provided with casters, support rods are fitted into grooves formed in said basic framed structure, said units are each lifted and positioned in front of a desired cell by a winch type lifting equipment and inserted into the cell by the aid of orienting and pushing works and means.

7. The method according to claim 1, wherein a floor or platform is positioned in front of and near said basic framed structure, half-finished units, interior and construction parts are laid on said floor or platform, remaining processes are completed, and finished units are inserted into desired cells in horizontal and/or vertical directions and alternating directions.

8. The method according to claim 1, wherein a promenade is formed to extend over a considerable part or the whole of one story of a pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly, communal or conventional building type construction structure or a considerable part or the whole of two or more stories of a building type construction structure generally in a Z or spiral form and in detail in an “O” letter, a diagonally upward arrow or a diagonally downward arrow form, a walking passageway is formed instead of an elevator or stairs to be used for improvement of health and an emotion, a small park, a village square, a hill, a forest, a valley, a pond, a waterfall, a ranch, a farm, a zoo or botanical garden, a playground, an athletic ground, an athletic facility, a library, a cultural facility, a recreation facility, a conference room and a medical facility are formed.

9. The method according to claim 1, wherein a bracket is fixedly attached to a bottom of each unit, a roller type inserting rod coupled with a hydraulic cylinder whose height is adjustable using a hydraulic hose is fitted into said bracket, each unit is lifted in front of a target cell by a fork lift or winch type lifting equipment positioned in front of and near said framed structure while being supported by the fork lift or winch type lifting equipment, said unit is inserted into said cell by pushing of a pushing cart or unit pushing rods, said unit is placed on a slab of said basic framed structure by lowering of said cylinder, and said roller type inserting rod is retrieved by further lowering of said cylinder.

10. The method according to claim 1, further comprising: the first step of constructing a basement and two opposite cores, and erecting a plurality of center posts on said basement; the second step of fabricating a roof floor by welding together frames and slabs, forming openings on said roof floor each having a size slightly larger than that of a cross section of each center post, temporarily fixing said roof floor using hydraulic jacks mounted on tops of said center cores, and repeating the positioning of a roof floor and the erection of center cores to the uppermost height of the building; and the third step of fabricating an entire floor or divided floor parts on a ground story or field of work near the ground story in said manner, securing houses, offices or communal and environmentally friendly facilities manufactured in advance on said floor, lifting and welding together an entire story or divided story parts to said cores and center posts, and repeating said fabrication of said floor or floor parts and said lifting and welding of said story or story parts, thereby completing the building story by story in a lifting-up manner.

Description:

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present invention relates generally to a method for designing and constructing pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly and communal building type construction structures, the building being a residential building such as an apartment building, a commercial lodging building such as a hotel, a capsule type building for sleep and rest, an office building or a commercial building, in which a basic framed structure is constructed using a steel or steel concrete frame in a conventional manner, a part or the whole of one or more houses is manufactured as a unit or subunit in advance, and the part and the whole of the houses is inserted into and assembled with the basic framed structure. In accordance with the present invention, a variety of units can be utilized, communal and environmentally friendly facilities, such as a vegetable cultivation space, which is not provided in the past, can be provided in the building type construction structure, and houses are open to neighboring houses by the short fences of a conventional village. Accordingly, the costs and period of construction can be reduced through the pre-manufacture and assembly of the units and subunits. When necessary, each house can be inserted into a building after the reform of its spatial structure and interior. Additionally, humanistic relationship and communal spirit can be achieved between neighboring houses.

BACKGROUND ART

[0002] In general, a residential building such as an apartment building, a commercial lodging building such as a hotel, a capsule type building for sleep and rest, an office building or a commercial building are generally constructed of concrete in such a way that concrete is applied and precast (PC) panels are attached buildings are constructed in such a way that a steel structure is formed, mold panels are attached to the outside of the structure, the panels are supported by frames and props, concrete is applied to the mold and a plurality of precast panels are attached to the walls and ceilings, thereby lengthening the period of construction. High buildings are constructed in a restricted space, so the efficiency of work is reduced, thereby increasing the costs of construction. A variety of interiors cannot be manufactured by an automatic or semi-automatic system in a ground factory. Houses and common facilities are constructed in standardized forms, so a garden, a yard, a fence, an earthen room, a fountain, a wooden floor and paper doors are not provided. The remodeling of the buildings, and the replacement and addition of interiors are very difficult and require high costs.

[0003] In accordance with a conventional building design and construction method, users cannot have the feeling that they live in ground level houses. Accordingly, they long for conventional and rural houses, and dwell in a rural area in the vicinity of a metropolitan despite traffic jam.

[0004] Additionally, houses are isolated from one another for the reasons of cost saving, crime prevention and security, so humanistic and communal intercourse is difficult and an environmentally friendly spirit and a traditional relationship cannot be achieved.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

[0005] Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the prior art, and an object of the present invention is to provide a method for designing and constructing pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly and communal building type construction structures, in which units and subunits are manufactured in a qualified factory or temporary factory near the construction site through an automatic or semi-automatic process in large quantities to reduce the costs and period of construction. In accordance with the present invention, varieties of spatial structures and interiors of each house of a building can be achieved, the provision of a custom-made structure and interior can be easily achieved, and when necessary, each house can be inserted into a building after the reform of its spatial structure and interior. Additionally, even though users live in such a building, they have the feeling that they live in a ground level house. Additionally, a neighbor community consisting of two houses and a village community consisting of three or more houses can each own facilities and spaces in common and can each perform humanistic communication, so users become amicable, cooperative, humanistic and emotional.

[0006] In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention provides a method for designing and constructing pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly and communal building type construction structures, the building being a residential building such as an apartment building, a commercial lodging building such as a hotel, a capsule type building for sleep and rest, an office building or a commercial building, in which a basic framed structure is constructed in a conventional manner, a part or the whole of one or more houses is manufactured as a unit or subunit in advance, and the part and the whole of the houses is inserted into and assembled with the basic framed structure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0007] FIGS. 1a to 1j-2 are views showing a pre-fabrication method of a building construction structure in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

[0008] FIG. 1a is a view showing the state in which each house of a building is manufactured as a unit in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into a basic framed structure;

[0009] FIG. 1b is a view showing the state in which part of each of the houses of the building is constructed as a unit in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0010] FIG. 1c is a view showing the state in which each of the houses of the building is constructed as a unit consisting of two or more subunits in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0011] FIG. 1d is a view showing the state in which part of each of the houses of the building is constructed as a unit consisting of two or more subunits in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0012] FIG. 1e is a view showing the state in which each group of two or more houses of the houses of the building are constructed as a single unit in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0013] FIG. 1f is a view showing the state in which part of two or more houses is constructed as a single unit in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0014] FIG. 1g is a view showing the state in which two or more houses are constructed as a single unit in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0015] FIG. 1h is a view showing the state in which part of two or more houses is constructed as a unit consisting of two or more subunits, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0016] FIG. 1i is a view showing the state in which the branches of electric cables and water and sewage conduits installed in the unit manufactured in advance are arranged to be connected to the main lines of cables and water and sewage conduits installed in the basic framed structure;

[0017] FIGS. 1j-1 and 1j-2 are cross sections and perspective views showing the state in which inserted units are finally connected to neighboring units;

[0018] FIGS. 2a, 2b, 2c and 2d are perspective views showing environmentally friendly construction structures in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;

[0019] FIG. 2a is a view showing the case where a unit having an environmentally friendly designed structure is manufactured in advance and inserted into the basic framed structure or a conventionally formed apartment building.

[0020] FIG. 2b is a view showing the case where a building is constructed in such a way that units are inserted into the basic framed structure, part of each house has an environmentally friendly structure and formed on the basic framed structure;

[0021] FIG. 2c is a view showing the case where the interior of the building is constructed to have an environmentally friendly structure;

[0022] FIG. 2d is a perspective view showing a construction structure having more advanced environmentally friendly characteristics;

[0023] FIGS. 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d are perspective views showing village communities in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

[0024] FIG. 3a is a perspective view showing the case where communal structures are formed on the basic framed structure;

[0025] FIG. 3b is a perspective view showing the case where two or more houses are inserted into the basic framed structure of communal construction structures;

[0026] FIG. 3c is a perspective view showing the case where part of two or more houses is constructed in a conventional construction structure and the remaining part is constructed in a communal construction structure and inserted into the basic framed structure;

[0027] FIG. 3d is a perspective view showing the case where a communal space is reserved to extend over two or more stories, and a communal and environmental facility, such as a small park, miniature-like small hill, valley, stream, promenade, forest, small zoo or botanical garden, culture, recreation or sport facility, reading room, town hall or small ground, is laid out;

[0028] FIGS. 4a to 4c-2 are perspective views showing communal construction structures in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;

[0029] FIG. 4a is a perspective view showing the case where the entire story of a building is constructed as a village community;

[0030] FIG. 4b is a perspective view showing the state where part of the story of a building is constructed as a conventional construction structure and the remaining part is constructed in a village community structure;

[0031] FIG. 4c-1 is a perspective view showing the state where the characteristics of a village community are intensified;

[0032] FIG. 4c-2 is a perspective view showing the state where when the entire story of a building is constructed as a village community, the building can be constructed in a lifting-up manner;

[0033] FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a winch type lifting equipment that is the simplest apparatus for lifting and inserting the units;

[0034] FIGS. 6a and 6b are perspective views showing a forklift type lifting equipment in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;

[0035] FIG. 6a is a perspective view showing the state in which the unit is lifted using the forklift type lifting and inserting equipment and a unit transport truck;

[0036] FIG. 6b is an exploded perspective view of the unit transport truck;

[0037] FIGS. 7a to 7e are perspective views showing a lifting-up method and a lifting-up equipment, by which a story is divided into two or more parts and the parts are lifted up, when each story of a building is massive;

[0038] FIG. 7a shows the stage in which a basement and two opposite cores are constructed to support a basic framed structure and an entire building structure and lifting hydraulic jacks are mounted on the tops of the cores;

[0039] FIG. 7b-1 is a perspective view showing the stage after the above stage;

[0040] FIG. 7b-2 shows the stage in which another floor 308 is laid on the tops of the center posts by the hydraulic jacks;

[0041] FIG. 7b-3 shows the stage in which another group of center posts are erected on the floor;

[0042] FIGS. 7c-1 and 7c-2 are views showing the stage in which a floor is supported by means of the core by inserting two pins into the core and the hole of the floor through pockets;

[0043] FIG. 7d-1 is a view showing the stage in which after the cores, the center posts and the floor of the roof story are constructed, openings are formed on each of subsequently installed floors to each have size determined by adding a minimum clearance to the size of the cross section of each of the cores;

[0044] FIG. 7d-1a is a detailed view of the opening of FIG. 7d-1;

[0045] FIG. 7d-2 is a view showing the state in which a construction structure manufactured in advance and an environmentally friendly and communal facility are mounted on a manufactured floor, thereby completing the construction and fabrication of an extended unit of a story or part of the story;

[0046] FIG. 7d-3 is a view showing the stage in which manufactured extended unit is lifted by the lifting hydraulic jacks mounted on the tops of the cores to a desired story, attached and welded to the center posts, and secured to the center posts;

[0047] FIG. 7d-4 is a view showing the stage in which the extended units are constructed from the uppermost story to the lowermost story by the repetition of the stages of FIGS. 7d-1, 7d-2 and 7d-3, thus perfecting a building using extended units in a lifting-up manner;

[0048] FIG. 7e is a view showing the hydraulic jacks for lifting the floors and the extended units from the ground to the upper stories;

[0049] FIGS. 8a and 8b are views showing a roller type unit inserting bar and cylinder-mounted unit inserting bar;

[0050] FIG. 8a is the front and detailed perspective views of the roller type unit inserting bar for inserting the unit;

[0051] FIG. 8b is a detailed view showing the cylinder-mounted unit inserting bar and the function and positions of the cylinder that are employed to remove the cylinder-mounted inserting bar with the cylinder;

[0052] FIG. 9 is front and detailed perspective views showing a unit inserting bar that is another embodiment of a transport rail;

[0053] FIGS. 10a to 10c are views showing an environmentally friendly and communal building in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

[0054] FIG. 10a is a perspective view showing the environmentally friendly and communal building using the interior of a construction structure or separate construction structures;

[0055] FIG. 10b-1 is a perspective view showing the state in which a zigzagged promenade is formed in the construction structure of the present invention;

[0056] FIG. 10b-2 is a perspective view showing the state in which a spiral promenade is formed in the construction structure of the present invention; and

[0057] FIG. 10c is a detailed perspective view of the promenade formed in the construction structure.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

[0058] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention are described in detail with reference to accompanying drawings.

[0059] FIGS. 1a to 1j-2 are views showing the state in which a part or the whole of each house of a building is manufactured as a unit or subunit in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into a basic framed structure. FIG. 1i is a view showing the state in which the electric pipes and water and sewage conduits of the basic framed structure and the unit or subunit are connected to one another. FIG. 1j is a view showing the state in which the unit is finally connected to the basic framed structure and neighboring units.

[0060] In the method for designing and constructing pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly and communal building type construction structures of the present invention, one or more of each house of the building, as depicted in FIGS. 1a to 1h, are manufactured as one or more units 10, 10a, 12 and 12a or subunits 10b to 10e, 12b to 12d and 12e in advance, and transported to, inserted into and assembled with a basic framed structure 60. The whole or part of each house formed in the building type construction structure 80 is constructed in a variety of construction forms. In the interior spaces of the building type construction structure 80, environmentally friendly facilities or the structures 52 to 52e of conventional construction are positioned.

[0061] The basic framed structure 60 of a building is constructed in a conventional manner. Basically, as shown in FIG. 1a, each of the houses of the building is previously constructed as a unit 10 in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into and integrated with the framed structure 60.

[0062] However, as shown in FIG. 1b, part of each of the houses of the building can be constructed as a unit 10a in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into and integrated with the framed structure 60.

[0063] As shown in FIG. 1c, each of the houses of the building can be constructed as a unit consisting of two or more subunits 10b and 10c in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into and integrated with the framed structure 60.

[0064] As shown in FIG. 1d, part of each of the houses of the building can be constructed as a unit consisting of two or more subunits 10d and 10e in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into and integrated with the framed structure 60.

[0065] As shown in FIG. 1e, each group of two or more houses of the houses of the building can be constructed as a single unit 12 in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into and integrated with the framed structure 60.

[0066] As shown in FIG. 1f, part of two or more houses can be constructed as a single unit 12a in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into and integrated with the framed structure 60.

[0067] As shown in FIG. 1g, two or more houses can be constructed as a single unit 12a in advance, and, thereafter, inserted into and integrated with the framed structure 60.

[0068] As shown in FIG. 1h, part of two or more houses is constructed as a unit consisting of two or more subunits 12h, 12i, 12j and 12g, and, thereafter, inserted into the basic framed structure 60.

[0069] When the basic framed structure 60 and the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e are assembled together, the branches 16b of electric pipes and water and sewage conduits installed in the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e manufactured in advance, as shown FIG. 1i, are arranged to be connected to the main lines 16a of electric pipes and water and sewage conduits installed in the basic framed structure, so the basic framed structure 60 is completely connected to the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e.

[0070] The units 10, 10a, 12 and 12a and the subunits 10b to 10e, 12b to 12e are manufactured in advance in a qualified factory or temporary factory built at the construction site or near the field of construction, transported to a building site, and inserted into the basic framed structure 60.

[0071] However, part of each unit 10, 10a, 12 or 12a and each subunit 10b to 10e, 12b to 12d, or 12e can be manufactured in advance in a qualified factory, the remaining part can be manufactured and joined to the part in a temporary factory built at the construction site or near the field of construction, and a joined unit 10, 10a, 12 or 12a or subunit 10b to 10e, 12b to 12d, or 12e can be transported to a building site and inserted into the basic framed structure 60. The two or more staged manufacture of the unit and the subunit is for the overcoming of problems in transporting the unit and the subunit, such as the excessive sizes of the unit and the subunit for a road and a transport automobile and the damage and removal of the interior of the unit and the subunit by the vibration and impact of transport, and in controlling a time for planting a tree and a flower in the unit and subunit.

[0072] As shown in FIG. 5, a lifting platform 202 is vertically moved by a driving unit (not shown). The lifting platform 202 is vertically elevated while both ends of the lifting platform 202 are engaged with the frames 208 of a lifting and inserting equipment 20 in a rail or track relation. A rail or track is vertically formed along each frame 208 of the lifting and inserting equipment 20, which is used to guide the lifting platform 202 of the lifting and inserting equipment 20, to allow the lifting platform 202 to be lifted and lowered. At least three, four or when necessary more frames 208 are required.

[0073] A rail or track is formed along the support frame 206, so a wire 204 connected to a pulley 205 can be horizontally moved. Accordingly, the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e bound with a binding wire 200 is lifted alone or together with the lifting platform 202, and horizontally moved together with the pulley 205 in front of and inserted into a desired cell formed in the basic framed structure 60. In order to vertically insert the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e into the cell, a vertical lifting and inserting equipment is extended over the height of the basic framed structure 60, and the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is horizontally moved over and inserted into a desired cell.

[0074] When such operation needs to be performed at two or more locations, the lifting platform 202 is situated on the lifting and inserting equipment 20 at one or more positions and the wire 204 connected to the support frame 206 and the pulley 205 is situated at one or more positions. When necessary, at least one support frame, pulley and wire combination is connected to a unit to be lifted, so the driving force of the lifting and inserting equipment is increased and the stability and accuracy of the lifting and inserting equipment can be improved.

[0075] In order to facilitate the transport of the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e, one or more pairs of guide channels 110, as shown in FIG. 8a, are attached at a predetermined interval to the lower surface of the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e, and casters 14 are fixedly attached to the lower surface of an insertion assisting bar 114 secured by the guide channel 110, so the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is safely and conveniently inserted into the desired cell of the basic framed structure 60 and assembled with the basic framed structure 60. At the final stage of the insertion of the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e, direction control and push workers are situated on the lifting platform 202, a cell near the target cell or a scaffold, observe that the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e and the cell coincide with each other in vertical and horizontal positions, and push the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e so as to induce the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e to be smoothly inserted into the cell of the basic framed structure 60 utilizing the driving force of the pulley and the movement of the casters 14.

[0076] When the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is completely inserted into the cell, the insertion assisting bar 114 is removed from the guide channel 110, so the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e can be disposed at a proper position, thereby assembling the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e with the basic framed structure using assembly means.

[0077] For the effective and safe insertion of the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e, a hydraulic cylinder 117, whose height can be adjusted through a hydraulic hose, is attached to the insertion assisting bar 114 to form an insertion assisting bar with a cylinder 115. Accordingly, when the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is inserted into the cell of the basic framed structure 60, the hydraulic cylinder 117 is raised up, so the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is inserted into the cell of the basic framed structure 60 without friction with the slab of the basic framed structure 60. When the hydraulic cylinder 117 is lowered after the insertion of the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e into the cell is completed, the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is stably placed on the slab of the basic framed structure 60. When the hydraulic cylinder 117 is further lowered, the insertion assisting bar with a hydraulic cylinder is retrieved and restored to its original position.

[0078] Meanwhile, insertion means can be constructed without a pair of guide channels 110 attached to the lower surface of each unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e. That is, as shown in FIG. 9, casters 14a are fixedly attached to the lower surface of each unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e, and an insertion assisting bar 114 consisting of a support plate 114a and two ribs 132 is inserted into grooves 130 formed on the wall of the guide ditch 112 of the basic framed structure 60. Accordingly, the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is moved to and placed in the interior of the desired cell along the support plate 114a, and the insertion assisting bar 114 is removed from the guide ditch 112, thereby disposing only the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e in the basic framed structure 60.

[0079] Units and subunits are finally joined to the basic framed structure and their neighboring units and subunits. FIG. 1j-1 is views each showing a state in which the unit or subunit is joined to the basic framed structure and its neighboring unit or subunit by means of a bolt suitable for a wall or ceiling. FIG. 1j-2 is views each showing a state in which light bonding material 13-7 are applied to the neighboring regions of the subunits. In this case, light bolts 13-6, the finishing material and the bottoms of subunits are connected to one another.

[0080] In the basic framed structure 60 into which the units 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e are inserted, one or more stories of a building are constructed in one stage, and the units 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e fabricated in advance are vertically or horizontally inserted into and assembled with the desired cells of a desired story. Thereafter, the next one or more stories of the building are constructed at the next stage, and the units 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e fabricated in advance are vertically or horizontally inserted into and assembled with the desired cells of a desired story.

[0081] Additionally, after all the stories ranging from the lowermost story of a building to the uppermost story are constructed, the units 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e fabricated in advance can be vertically or horizontally inserted into and assembled with the desired cells of the building.

[0082] Additionally, the units 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e, as illustrated in FIG. 6, can be lifted and inserted into the basic framed structure 60 by a forklift type lifting equipment while being placed on a pallet.

[0083] FIGS. 6a and 6b are perspective views showing a forklift type lifting and inserting equipment according to another embodiment of the present invention. As depicted in FIGS. 6a and 6b, the forklift type lifting and inserting equipment 20a is positioned in front of the basic framed structure 60 and an appropriate space is kept between right and left frames 208 according to the size of each unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e or a house. While the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e is lifted up and inserted into the basic framed structure 60, props 210 support the right and left frames on the front and rear portions of the uppermost and lowermost ends of right and left frames and fixing wires 201 are extended from the ground to the upper and center portions of the right and left frames so as to maintain the interval between the frames and prevent the frames from being moved or overturned. A parking guide frame 212 is positioned between the right and left frames of the basic framed structure 60, so a trailer is parked at an appropriate position so as to allow the unit to be lifted and inserted into an appropriate position. In order to appropriately lift and insert the unit, the sizes of the deck members of a trailer deck 228 are set according to the interval of a unit lifting fork 203, a plurality of grooves 226 are formed on the lower surface of a unit support plate, and the unit support plate is disposed on the trailer deck 228 to allow the gaps between deck members to coincide with the grooves 226 of the unit support plate 222. After the unit is loaded on the trailer deck 228, a unit pushing cart 32 is mounted between the unit positioned on the unit support plate 222 and a driver's cab.

[0084] When the transport truck 30 enters the guide frame 212 in the lifting and inserting equipment and is positioned on an appropriate position line, the lifting fork 203 mounted on one of the frames 208 of the lifting and inserting equipment is forwardly moved and passed through the grooves 226 formed on the lower surface of the unit support plate by the rotation of an electric gear wheel, finally being rested on a fork support 232. Subsequently, the wire 204 is upwardly wound by the operation of a winch type drive unit 40, so a lifting platform 234 on which the lifting fork 203, the fork support 232 and a movable pulley 42 are mounted is lifted up and reaches the story into which the unit is inserted. A lifting stopper 236 mounted on the lifting platform 234 is inserted into a frame 208 having a track or lifting stopper grooves 238 formed on another frame 208 and fixed to the frame, and the pushing cart 32 is moved to a stop position indicated on the front portion of the unit support plate 222. In this state, while the pushing cart 32 is stopped and fixed, pushing rods are forwardly moved and insert the remaining portion of the unit.

[0085] In such a case, a unit transport automobile and a lifting and inserting equipment are positioned between the unit support platform 222 and the basic framed structure 60. The unit passes a connecting guide rail 242 extended from the unit support platform 222 and reaches the guide groove 112 formed in the basic framed structure shown in FIG. 8b by means of casters 14, thereby allowing the unit to be safely and precisely inserted into the basic framed structure. After the insertion of the unit fixedly mounted on cylinder-mounted inserting rods, the heights of the hydraulic cylinders are reduced by the adjustment of hydraulic pressure, so the unit is brought into contact with and secured to the slab of the basic framed structure. As the heights of the hydraulic cylinders 117 are further reduced, the unit support platform 222 is returned to its original position.

[0086] In another embodiment, each story of a building or one of two parts of each story of a building is manufactured as a single extended unit 300, and the extended unit 300 is lifted up and assembled together using a core and a lifting-up type lifting equipment 20b. The schematic diagrams and construction stage diagrams of this embodiment are illustrated in FIGS. 7a to 7e.

[0087] FIG. 7a shows the stage in which a basement 302 and opposite cores 304 are constructed to support a basic framed structure and an entire building structure and lifting hydraulic jacks 306 are mounted on the tops of the cores 304.

[0088] FIG. 7b-1 is a perspective view showing the stage after the above stage in which a floor 308 is laid and a plurality of center posts 310 are erected on the floor 308 in a story near the ground in which house units and construction materials are conveniently carried and construction workers conveniently come.

[0089] FIG. 7b-2 shows the stage in which another floor 308 is laid on the tops of the center posts 310 by the hydraulic jacks 306.

[0090] FIG. 7b-3 shows the stage in which another group of center posts 310 are erected on the floor 308. This stage is repeated until the center posts 310 are erected on the uppermost floor.

[0091] FIGS. 7c-1 and 7c-2 show the stage in which the floor 308 is supported by means of the core 310 by inserting two pins 414 into the core 310 and the hole of the floor 308 through pockets 312 so as to prevent the floor 308 from falling.

[0092] FIG. 7d-1 shows the stage in which after the cores 304, the center posts 310 and the floor 308 of the roof story are constructed, openings 316 are formed on each of subsequently installed floors 308 to each have size determined by adding a minimum clearance to the size of the cross section of each of the cores 304 so as to lift the floors 308 without friction with the center posts 310.

[0093] FIG. 7d-1a is a detailed view of the opening of FIG. 7d-1 in which an opening 316, whose size is determined by adding a minimum clearance to the size of the cross section of each of the cores 304, is formed on a floor 308.

[0094] FIG. 7d-2 is a view showing the state in which a construction structure partially or totally manufactured in advance and an environmentally friendly and communal facility are mounted on and assembled with the floor 308 manufactured, thereby completing the construction and fabrication of an extended unit 300 of a story or part of the story.

[0095] FIG. 7d-3 is a view showing the stage in which manufactured extended unit 300 is lifted by the lifting hydraulic jacks 306 mounted on the tops of the cores 304 to a desired story, attached and welded to the center posts 310, and secured to the center posts 310. Until the extended unit 300 is lifted up and attached and welded to the cores 304, work and passage are prohibited in the space under the extended unit 300 and its neighboring space.

[0096] FIG. 7d-4 is a view showing the stage in which the extended units 300 are constructed from the uppermost story to the lowermost story by the repetition of the stages of FIGS. 7d-1, 7d-2 and 7d-3, thus perfecting a building using extended units 300 in a lifting-up manner. In this drawing, a floor extended unit 300 is constructed.

[0097] FIG. 7e is a view showing the hydraulic jacks 320 for lifting the floors 308 and the extended units 300 from the ground to the upper stories. When the step rods 322 of the hydraulic jacks 320 reach positions under a floor 308 or an extended unit 300 to be lifted through openings 326 formed on the floors and the extended units, a lifting plate is fixedly attached to the step rods 322 and the floor 308 or extended unit 300 is gradually lifted. When the floor 308 or extended unit 300 is lifted to a desired story and secured to the cores and the center posts (in this view, the cores, the center posts and openings are omitted) and attached and welded to the cores 304 and the center posts 310, the step rods 322 of the hydraulic jacks 306 and the lifting plates 324 are lowered over a floor or extended unit to be lifted and the lifting plate is separated from the step rods 322. Thereafter, the step rods 322 are lowered through the openings 326 of the floor or extended unit to be lifted, and the lifting plate is moved under the floor or extended unit to be lifted, thus being ready to be lifted again.

[0098] By the insertion of the unit 10 to 10e, 12 to 12d or 12e, the entire house, common space or public space, or part of a house, common space or public space is constructed in the form of a Korean traditional house with a wooden floor and an earthen garden, the traditional house of any region or country, a modern house, a ger, a bungalow, one-story house, two-story house or the like; a passageway is constructed as a village road rather than a hallway; a garden, a kitchen garden, a wall, a wooden fence, a hedge, a fountain or the like is formed; sliding doors, paper doors, traditional wooden doors or the like are positioned between a bedroom and a living room and between an indoor space and an outdoor space; an outhouse, an attic or the like is formed; and an environmentally friendly and traditional facilities are formed in at least one space.

[0099] FIGS. 2a, 2b, 2c and 2d are perspective views showing environmentally friendly construction structures in accordance with embodiments of the present invention.

[0100] In accordance with the present invention, each unit can be manufactured in the form of an environmentally friendly and traditional construction structure, and inserted into and assembled with a basic framed structure. As shown in FIG. 2a, the entire house has an environmentally friendly designed structure, the spaces of neighboring houses are separated from each other, and the unit 52 with a tile-roofed house and a pond is manufactured in advance and inserted into the basic framed structure or a conventionally formed building.

[0101] Additionally, as illustrated in FIG. 2b, a building is constructed in such a way that units 52 are inserted into the basic framed structure 50, a part 52a of each house is an environmentally friendly structure, and the remaining part is extended from the basic framed structure 50 and joined to the part to form an entire house, thereby forming an environmental construction structure.

[0102] Referring to FIG. 2c, traditional and environmentally friendly earthen walls 18a are positioned in closed interior spaces of the conventional apartment building that are isolated from one another, a kitchen garden and a garden 18b are laid out instead of a veranda, floors 18c-1 and 18c-2 used as a bed and a sofa are laid on a bedroom and a living room, Korean traditional paper doors 18d are disposed between a bedroom and a living room, and open doors 18e are positioned instead of closed doors. Accordingly, even though users live in the apartment building, they have feelings that they live in ground, traditional and rural houses.

[0103] FIG. 2d is a perspective view showing a construction structure having more advanced environmentally friendly characteristics. The construction structure provides a feeling that a user lives in an open traditional house or rural house though he lives in a closed unit.

[0104] That is, each environmentally friendly constructed unit 52 is inserted into the basic framed structure 50, a pond 72, a tile-roofed house 70 and a yard 54 are formed in the environmentally friendly unit 52, and a conventional wall 76 such as an earthen wall or wooden fence and conventional doors 78 such as bush clover doors are formed between the a pond 72, the tile-roofed house 70 and the yard 54.

[0105] FIGS. 3a, 3b and 3c are detailed perspective views showing village communities (a neighbor community consisting of two houses, and a village community consisting of three or more houses). FIGS. 4a and 4b are perspective views showing village communities formed in an entire building or a part of a building.

[0106] As depicted in the drawings, in order to allow two neighboring houses or three or more houses 90 to form a single community, for a building type construction structure of a pre-fabricated or conventional type apartment, a kitchen garden 56 is formed to communicate with an entrance 92 or outdoor steps 94, a garden, a veranda and an athletic field are formed beside a promenade 58 to communicate with one another, and a public front yard, a public back yard 54a, public benches, a public garden, a public fountain 72a and a public wash place 72b are formed; and for a building type construction structure of an environmentally friendly apartment, a wall and a fence are not formed between the houses of each environmentally friendly building but an open wall and an open fence are formed therebetween, and the spaces for public use are provided to form community facilities such as a small park, a small hill, a brook, a small zoo park, a culture, recreation and sport center, a reading room, a village square and the like.

[0107] Part or the whole of one story of a pre-fabricated, environmentally friendly, communal or conventional building type construction structure, the considerable space of the entire two stories of the building, a certain space extended from the lowermost portion of a building to the uppermost portion, or a certain space over an outdoor parking area is reserved; and one or more communal spaces or facilities, such as a park, a village square, a forest, a valley, a pond, a waterfall, a ranch, a zoo, a botanical garden, a bird park, a playground, a sport facility, a library, a culture center, a recreation center, a meeting room, or a medical facility, are formed therein.

[0108] As shown in FIG. 3b, two or more houses 52b and 52c are formed in a basic framed structure as a single unit, or as shown in FIG. 3c, part of two or more houses 52d and 52e is formed in the basic framed structure as a single unit, thereby designing and constructing a variety of construction structures and surroundings, such as a traditional structure and its surroundings.

[0109] Referring to FIG. 3a, in a building type construction structure such as an apartment building where houses are basically isolated from one another, a kitchen garden, garden, veranda or athletic field is laid out, partial spaces belonging to the houses of the construction structure are open to each other, or a small park, yard, bench or wash place is reserved for a communal space for the houses of the construction structure.

[0110] Referring to FIG. 3b, open fences or walls are placed between two or more houses instead of closed fences or walls, or spaces are reserved for public use facilities instead of the fences or walls.

[0111] Referring to FIG. 3d, although conditions are similar to those described above, a communal space can be formed to extend over two or more stories, and a communal and environmental facility, such as a small park, miniature-like small hill, valley, stream, promenade, forest, small zoo or botanical garden, culture, recreation or sport facility, reading room, town hall or small ground, can be laid out.

[0112] FIGS. 4a to 4c-2 are perspective views showing construction structures with village communities in accordance with embodiments of the present invention, which have the same communal characteristics as those in FIG. 3 and are more advanced construction structures with village communities. Referring to FIG. 4a, the entire story of a building is constructed as a village community. Referring to FIG. 4b, part of the entire story of a building is constructed as a village community. Referring to FIG. 4c-1, the characteristics of a village community are intensified. Referring to FIG. 4c-2, the entire story of a building is constructed as a village community, and a plurality of center posts 310 are erected on a floor slab 308, thereby allowing the building to be repeatedly and upwardly constructed. That is, each story of the building is constructed as a massive unit, and lifted up. A promenade is formed to extend over the entire story of the building.

[0113] In such a case, in the internal space or another space of a conventional apartment building or one of other conventional buildings, one or more communal facilities, such as a hill, stream, valley, promenade, small park, village square, small square, small forest, pond, zoo or botanical garden, playground, cultural facility, recreational facility, sport facility, reading room or reception room, can be laid out.

[0114] As described above, a building is constructed in such a way that a basic framed structure is constructed in a conventional manner, and a part or the whole of an entire unit is manufactured in advance in a qualified factory or temporary factory built at the construction site or near the field of construction, transported to a building site and inserted into and assembled with the basic framed structure. Accordingly, the costs of construction and the period of construction are reduced. The interior work of the building is performed in the qualified factory, so a variety of interiors and custom-made interiors can be provided. The house can be removed from a construction structure by the unit, the interior structure and material of the house can be changed, and, thereafter, the house is returned to the construction structure, thereby allowing the houses to be remodeled or upgraded by houses.

[0115] Referring to FIG. 10a, a construction structure is more advanced in comparison with the construction structure with a village community. That is, spiral or zigzagged promenades 58c and 58d are joined to the building type construction structure or formed independently from the structure using a support skeleton 62. Environmentally friendly facilities 66e, such as a cattle pasture, a rest place, a lawn, flowers and a forest 66f, are formed in the building type construction structure. Accordingly, users can easily come in contact with pseudo natural surroundings comprised of a hill, a valley, a forest or the like, so an environmentally friendly and communal life is further achieved and variety is provided to users.

[0116] A first separate structure 80 and a second separate structure 84 are separately constructed to be connected to the building 80 by connecting passageways 64. The first separate structure 80 is provided with a parking lot 68 on its bottom story, an athletic field and a winter skating rink 66d on its middle story, and flowers, a botanical garden, pond and a small boating pool on its top story. The second separate structure 84 is provided with a parking lot 68 on its bottom so as to provide convenience to users, and a bird park 66a so as to allow users to observe the lives of animals and plants, thereby allowing users to enjoy emotional lives, service facilities and resting spaces.

[0117] An observation track 58a-1 is formed around the second separate structure 84 to allow users to enjoy observation, and guardrails are formed along the observation track 58a-1 to protect users.

[0118] The walking passageway or promenade formed in the building 80 can be a zigzagged promenade 58c as shown in FIG. 10b-1, or a spiral promenade 58d as shown in FIG. 10c-2, thereby causing the roads to fit the structure of the building 80. The roads can be designed in different forms, and are preferably designed to fit the structure of a building and other service facilities.

[0119] In this case, as shown in FIG. 10c, each of the observation track 58a-1, the zigzagged promenade 58c and the spiral promenade 58d is provided with drainages 56b-1 at its both edges and a pond 58b-3, which is connected to a plant box 58b-4 and a drainage 58b-4, on its side.

[0120] Each of the observation track 58a-1, the zigzagged promenade 58c and the spiral promenade 58d is provided with at least one filter layer 58b-9 and at least drainages 58b-0 under at least one layer 58b-6, 58b-5 and 58b-7 thereof, and a support frame 62 under the filter layer 58b-9 and the drainages 58b-0.

[0121] A part or the whole of each house formed in a building such as an apartment building is constructed in a variety of structures such as a Korean traditional house, the traditional house of any region or country, a modern, western house, a ger, a bungalow, one-story house, two-story house or the like. A passageway is constructed as a road with a roadside garden, a garden, a kitchen garden, a fence, a wooden fence, an earthen room, a fountain or a wash place. Sliding doors and a paper doors are placed between an interior room and a living room. A separate wing, an attic and other environmentally friendly and traditional facilities are laid out. Accordingly, the high efficiency of space utilization is achieved, and each house is constructed in the structure and material of a ground level house, thereby providing the feeling that they live in a ground level house.

[0122] In another method for promoting environmentally friendly, humanistic and communal living surroundings, in an internal space or another space of a conventional building type construction structure, one or more of a promenade, a small park, a village square, a small forest, a pond, a small zoo or botanical garden, a playground, a culture facility, a recreation facility, a reading room and a meeting room is formed in certain spaces each extending over one or more stories, thereby further strengthening environmentally friendly, humanistic or communal spirit to the great extent.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[0123] As described above, the present invention provides the following advantages.

[0124] First, units to be inserted into a basic framed structure can be manufactured in a qualified factory or temporary factory near the field of construction in large quantities in a through process, so the costs of construction can be saved and the period of construction can be shortened.

[0125] Second, in a lifting and inserting manner, equipments are developed and used to lift, insert and move massive houses that should be very carefully and precisely handled, so a pre-fabrication building type construction structure can be actually constructed and supplied.

[0126] Third, the varieties of the spatial structure and interior of each house of a building are achieved, the provision of a custom-made structure and interior can be easily achieved, and when necessary, and each house can be inserted into a building after the reform of its spatial structure and interior.

[0127] Fourth, even though users live in a building, they have the feeling that they live in a ground level house.

[0128] Fifth, a neighbor community consisting of two houses and a village community consisting of three or more houses can each own facilities and spaces in common and can each perform humanistic communication, so users become amicable, cooperative, humanistic and emotional.

[0129] In the meantime, in the present invention, two or more of pre-fabrication manner, environmentally friendly manner and a communal manner can be combined and applied to design and construction. However, one of them can be independently applicable, so there occurs no problem in design and construction in accordance with the method of the present invention.