Title:
N-substituted indole-3glyoxylamides having anti-asthmatic, antiallergic and immunosuppressant/immuno-modulating action
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The invention relates to novel N-substituted indole-3-glyoxylamides, to processes for their preparation and to their pharmaceutical use. The compounds have antiasthmatic, antiallergic and immunosuppressant/immunomodulating actions.



Inventors:
Lebaut, Guillaume (Saint Sebastien/Loire, FR)
Menciu, Cecilia (Nantes, FR)
Kutscher, Bernhard (Maintal, DE)
Emig, Peter (Bruchkobel, DE)
Szelenyi, Stefan (Schwaig, DE)
Brune, Kay (Marloffstein/Rathsberg, DE)
Application Number:
10/058836
Publication Date:
10/31/2002
Filing Date:
01/30/2002
Assignee:
LEBAUT GUILLAUME
MENCIU CECILIA
KUTSCHER BERNHARD
EMIG PETER
SZELENYI STEFAN
BRUNE KAY
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
514/419, 546/278.1, 548/495
International Classes:
A61K31/00; A61K31/40; A61K31/403; A61K31/404; A61K31/44; A61K31/4427; A61K31/4439; A61K31/445; A61K31/4465; A61K31/4523; A61K31/454; A61K31/496; A61P11/00; A61P11/06; A61P29/00; A61P37/00; A61P37/02; A61P37/06; A61P37/08; A61P43/00; C07D209/18; C07D209/22; C07D209/24; C07D401/06; C07D401/12; C07D401/14; (IPC1-7): C0743/02; A61K31/4439; A61K31/405; C07D209/18
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:



Primary Examiner:
SMALL, ANDREA D SOUZA
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman, LLP (McLean, VA, US)
Claims:
1. N-substituted indol-3-glyoxylamides of the formula 65embedded image and their acid addition salts, where the radicals R, R1, R2, R3, R4 and Z have the following meaning: R=hydrogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, where the alkyl group can be mono- or polysubstituted by the phenyl ring. This phenyl ring, for its part, can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, by carboxyl groups, carboxyl groups esterified with (C1-C6)-alkanols, trifluoromethyl groups, hydroxyl groups, methoxy groups, ethoxy groups, benzyloxy groups and by a benyl [sic] group which is mono- or polysubstituted in the phenyl moiety by (C1-C6)-alkyl groups halogen atoms or trifluoromethyl groups, R1 can be a phenyl ring which is mono- or polysubstituted by (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, hydroxyl, benzyloxy, nitro, amino, (C1-C6)-alkylamino, (C1-C6)-alkoxy-carbonylamino and by a carboxyl group or a carboxyl group esterified by (C1-C6)-alkanols, or is a pyridin structure of the formula II 66embedded image where the pyridin structure is alternatively bonded to the ring carbon atoms 2, 3 and 4 and can be substituted by the substitutents R5 and R6. The radicals R5 and R6 can be identical or different and have the meaning (C1-C6)-alkyl, and also the meaning (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, nitro, amino, hydroxyl, halogen and trifluoromethyl and are furthermore the ethoxy-carbonylamino radical and the group carboxy-alkyloxy in which the alkyl group can have 1-4 C atoms, R1 can furthermore be a 2- or 4-pyrimidinyl-heterocycle or a pyridylmethyl radical in which CH2 can be in the 2-, 3-, 4-position where the 2-pyrimidinyl ring can be mono- or polysubstituted by the methyl group, furthermore are [sic] the 2-, 3- and 4-quinolyl structure substituted by (C1-C6)-alkyl, halogen, the nitro group, the amino group and the (C1-C6)-alkylamino radical, or are [sic] a 2-, 3- and 4-quinolyl methyl group, where the ring carbons of the pyridylmethyl and quinolylmethyl radical can be substituted by (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, nitro, amino and (C1-C6)-alkoxy-carbonylamino, R1 for the case where R is hydrogen or the benzyl group, can furthermore be the acid radical of a natural or unnatural amino acid, e.g. the α-glycyl, the α-sarcosyl, the α-alanyl, the α-leucyl, the α-isoleucyl, the α-seryl, the α-phenylalanyl, the α-histidyl, the α-prolyl, the α-arginyl, the α-lysyl, the α-asparagyl and the α-glutamyl radical, where the amino groups of the respective amino acids can be present in unprotected or protected form and are possible protective groups for the amino function of the carbobenzoxy radical (Z radical) and the tert-butoxycarbonyl radical (BOC radical) and also the acetyl group. In the case of the asparagyl and glutamyl radical claimed for R1, the second, nonbonded carboxyl group is present as a free carboxyl group or in the form of an ester with C1-C6-alkanols, e.g. as the methyl, ethyl or as the tert-butyl ester. R1 can furthermore be the allylaminocarbonyl-2-methylprop-1-yl group. R and R1, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, can furthermore form a piperazine ring of the formula III or a homopiperazine ring if R1 is an aminoalkylene group in which 67embedded image R7 is an alkyl radical, a phenyl ring which can be mono- or polysubstituted by (C1-C1)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, halogen, the nitro group, the amino function, by (C1-C6)-alkylamino, the benzhydryl group and the bis-p-fluorobenzylhydryl group, R2 can be hydrogen or the (C1-C6)-alkyl group, where the alkyl group can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen and phenyl which for its part can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, carboxyl groups, carboxyl groups esterified with (C1-C6)-alkanols, trifluoromethyl groups, hydroxyl groups, methoxy groups, ethoxy groups or benzyloxy groups. The (C1-C6)-alkyl group counting as R2 can furthermore be substituted by the 2-quinolyl group and the 2-, 3- and 4-pyridyl structure, which in each case can both be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl groups or (C1-C4)-alkoxy groups. R2 is furthermore the aroyl radical, where the aryl moiety on which this radical is based is the phenyl ring which can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, carboxyl groups, carboxyl groups esterified by (C1-C6)-alkanols, trifluoromethyl groups, hydroxyl groups, methoxy groups, ethoxy groups or benzyloxy groups, R3 and R4 can be identical or different and are hydrogen, hydroxyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cyclo-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkanoyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, halogen and benzyloxy. R3 and R4 can furthermore be the nitro group, the amino group, the (C1-C4)-mono- or dialkyl-substituted amino group, and the (C1-C3)-alkoxycarbonylamino function or the (C1-C3)-alkoxy-carbonylamino-(C1-C3)-alkyl function, Z is O or S, and where the designation alkyl, alkanol, alkoxy or alkylamino group for the radicals R, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6 and R7 is normally to be understood as meaning “straight-chain” and “branched” alkyl groups, where “straight-chain alkyl groups” can be, for example, radicals such as methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, n-pentyl and n-hexyl and “branched alkyl groups” designate, for example, radicals such as isopropyl or tert-butyl. “Cycloalkyl” is to be understood as meaning radicals such as, for example, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl or cycloheptyl, additionally the designation “halogen” represents fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine, and the designation “alkoxy group” represents radicals such as, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, butoxy, isopropoxy, isobutoxy or pentoxy.

2. Compounds according to claim 1 N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-(4-methylindol-3-yl)glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-3-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-3-yl)-(1-benzylindol-3-yl)glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-3-yl)-[1-(2-chorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(4-Nitrophenyl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-gloxylamide N-(2-Chloropyridine-3-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-(-benzylindol-3-yl)glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(3-pyridylmethyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-[1-(2-pyridylmethyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxyamide N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-[1-(3-pyridylmethyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-chlorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(2-chlorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-2-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(2-pyridylmethyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide (4-Phenylpiperazin-1-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-2-yl)-(1-benzylindol-3-yl)glyoxylamide 4-(Pyridin-4-yl)-piperazin-1-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-6-ethoxycarbonylaminoindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-ethoxycarbonylaminoindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-6-cyclopentyloxycarbonylaminoindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide N-(3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzyl)-N-(allylaminocarbonyl-2-methylprop-1-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-methoxyindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-hydroxyindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide N-(Pyridin-4-yl-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-ethoxycarbonylaminomethylindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

3. Use of the compounds of the formula I according to one of claims 1 and 2 for the production of a medicament.

4. Use of the compounds of the formula I according to claims 1 to 3 on their own or in combination with one another for the production of a medicament having antiasthmatic, antiallergic and immunosuppressant/immunomodulating action for transplantation and diseases such as, for example, psoriasis, rheumatoid disorders and chronic polyarthritis.

5. Medicaments comprising at least one compound of the formula I according to one of claims 1 and 2 in addition to customary excipients and/or diluents or auxiliaries.

6. Process for the production of a medicament, characterized in that a compound of the formula I according to one of claims 1 and 2 is processed with customary pharmaceutical excipients and/or diluents or other auxiliaries to give pharmaceutical preparations or brought into a therapeutically useable form.

7. Medicaments according to claims 1 to 6 in the form of tablets, coated tablets, capsules, solutions or ampoules, suppositories, patches, powder preparations which can be employed by inhalation, suspensions, creams and ointments.

8. Process for the preparation of N-substituted indole-3-glyoxylamides of the formula I according to claims 1 and 2, in which R, R1, R2, R3, R4 and Z have the meaning mentioned in claim 1, characterized in that a) an indole derivative of the formula IV 68embedded image in which R3 and R4 have the meaning mentioned, is added to a suspended base in a protic, dipolar aprotic or nonpolar organic solvent, reacted with a reactive compound which carries the radical R2 and where R2 has the meaning mentioned, the 1-indole derivative of the formula V 69embedded image in which R2, R3 and R4 have the meaning mentioned, is reacted with a reactive compound of the formula VI (C—Z—Hal)2 VI in which Z has the meaning oxygen and Hal is a halogen fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine, and then with a primary or secondary amine of the formula VII HNRR1 VII in which R and R1 have the meaning mentioned, in an aprotic or dipolar aprotic solvent and the target compound of the formula I is isolated, or b) an indole derivative of the formula IV 70embedded image in which R3 and R4 have the meaning mentioned, is reacted in an aprotic or nonpolar solvent with a reactive compound of the formula VI (C—Z—Hal)2 VI in which Z has the meaning oxygen and Hal is a halogen fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine, and then in an aprotic or dipolar aprotic solvent with a primary or secondary amine of the formula VII HNRR1 VII in which R and R1 have the meaning mentioned, and then the 3 indole derivative of the formula VIII 71embedded image in which R, R1, R2, R3, R4 and Z have the meaning mentioned, is reacted in a protic, dipolar aprotic or nonpolar organic solvent in the presence of a suspended base with a reactive compound which carries the radical R2 and where R2 has the meaning mentioned, and the target compound of the formula I is isolated.

Description:

DESCRIPTION

[0001] Indole-3-glyoxylamides have various uses as pharmaco-dynamically active compounds and as synthesis components in the pharmaceutical chemistry.

[0002] The Patent Application NL 6502481 describes compounds which have an antiinflammatory and antipyretic profile of action and analgesic activity.

[0003] The British Patent GB 1 028 812 mentions derivatives of indolyl-3-glyoxylic acid and its amides as compounds having analgesic, anticonvulsant and β-adrenergic activity.

[0004] G. Domschke et al. (Ber. 94, 2353 (1961)) describe 3-indolylglyoxylamides which are not characterized pharmacologically.

[0005] E. Walton et al. in J. Med. Chem. 11, 1252 (1968) report on indolyl-3-glyoxylic acid derivatives which have an inhibitory activity on glycerophosphate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase.

[0006] Euoropean Patent Specification EP 0 675 110 A1 describes 1H-indole-3-glyoxylamides which are profiled as sPLA2 inhibitors and are used in the treatment of septic shock, in pancreatitis, and in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and rheumatoid arthritis.

[0007] The aim of the present invention is to make available novel compounds from the indolyl-3-glyoxylic acid series, which have antiasthmatic and immunomodulating action.

[0008] The chemical processes for the preparation of these compounds and pharmaceutical processes for the conversion of the novel compounds into medicaments and their preparation forms are furthermore described.

[0009] The subject matter of the invention comprises compounds of the general formula I, 1embedded image

[0010] where the radicals R, R1, R2, R3, R4 and Z have the following meaning:

[0011] R=hydrogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, where the alkyl group can be mono- or polysubstituted by the phenyl ring. This phenyl ring, for its part, can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, by carboxyl groups, carboxyl groups esterified with (C1-C6)-alkanols, trifluoromethyl groups, hydroxyl groups, methoxy groups, ethoxy groups, benzyloxy groups and by a benzyl group which is mono- or polysubstituted in the phenyl moiety by (C1-C6)-alkyl groups halogen atoms or trifluoromethyl groups.

[0012] R1 can be a phenyl ring which is mono- or poly-substituted by (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, hydroxyl, benzyloxy, nitro, amino, (C1-C6)-alkylamino, (C1-C6)-alkoxy-carbonylamino and by a carboxyl group or a carboxyl group esterified by (C1-C6)-alkanols, or is a pyridin structure of the formula II 2embedded image

[0013] where the pyridin structure is alternatively bonded to the ring carbon atoms 2, 3 and 4 and can be substituted by the substitutents R5 and R6. The radicals R5 and R6 can be identical or different and have the meaning (C1-C6)-alkyl, and also the meaning (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, nitro, amino, hydroxyl, halogen and trifluoromethyl and are furthermore the ethoxy-carbonylamino radical and the group carboxy-alkyloxy in which the alkyl group can have 1-4 C atoms.

[0014] R1 can furthermore be a 2- or 4-pyrimidinyl-heterocycle or a pyridylmethyl radical in which CH2 can be in the 2-, 3-, 4-position where the 2-pyrimidinyl ring can be mono- or polysubstituted by the methyl group, furthermore are [sic] the 2-, 3- and 4-quinolyl structure substituted by (C1-C6)-alkyl, halogen, the nitro group, the amino group and the (C1-C6)-alkylamino radical, or are [sic] a 2-, 3- and 4-quinolylmethyl group, where the ring carbons of the pyridylmethyl and quinolylmethyl radical can be substituted by (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, nitro, amino and (C1-C6)-alkoxy-carbonylamino.

[0015] R1 for the case where R is hydrogen or the benzyl group, can furthermore be the acid radical of a natural or unnatural amino acid, e.g. the α-glycyl, the α-sarcosyl, the α-alanyl, the α-leucyl, the α-isoleucyl, the α-seryl, the α-phenylalanyl, the α-histidyl, the α-prolyl, the α-arginyl, the α-lysyl, the α-asparagyl and the α-glutamyl radical, where the amino groups of the respective amino acids can be present in unprotected or protected form. Possible protective groups for the amino function are the carbobenzoxy radical (Z radical) and the tert-butoxycarbonyl radical (BOC radical) and also the acetyl group. In the case of the asparagyl and glutamyl radical claimed for R1, the second, nonbonded carboxyl group is present as a free carboxyl group or in the form of an ester with C1-C6-alkanols, e.g. as the methyl, ethyl or as the tert-butyl ester. R1 can furthermore be the allylaminocarbonyl-2-methylprop-1-yl group. R and R1, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, can furthermore form a piperazine ring of the formula III or a homopiperazine ring if R1 is an aminoalkylene group in which 3embedded image

[0016] R7 is an alkyl radical, a phenyl ring which can be mono- or polysubstituted by (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkoxy, halogen, the nitro group, the amino function, by (C1-C6)-alkylamino, the benzhydryl group and the bis-p-fluorobenzylhydryl group.

[0017] R2 can be hydrogen or the (C1-C6)-alkyl group, where the alkyl group can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen and phenyl which for its part can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, carboxyl groups, carboxyl groups esterified with (C1-C6)-alkanols, trifluoromethyl groups, hydroxyl groups, methoxy groups, ethoxy groups or benzyloxy groups. The (C1-C6)-alkyl group counting as R2 can furthermore be substituted by the 2-quinolyl group and the 2-, 3- and 4-pyridyl structure, which in each case can both be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl groups or (C1-C4)-alkoxy groups. R2 is furthermore the aroyl radical, where the aroyl moiety on which this radical is based is the phenyl ring which can be mono- or polysubstituted by halogen (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, carboxyl groups, carboxyl groups esterified by (C1-C6)-alkanols, trifluoromethyl groups, hydroxyl groups, methoxy groups, ethoxy groups or benzyloxy groups.

[0018] R3 and R4 can be identical or different and are hydrogen, hydroxyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cyclo-alkyl, (C1-C6)-alkanoyl, (C1-C1)-alkoxy, halogen and benzyloxy. R3 and R4 can furthermore be the nitro group, the amino group, the (C1-C4)-mono- or dialkyl-substituted amino group, and the (C1-C3)-alkoxycarbonylamino function or (C1-C3)-alkcoxy-carbonylamino-(C1-C3)-alkyl function.

[0019] Z is O or S

[0020] The designation alkyl, alkanol, alkoxy or alkylamino group for the radicals R, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6 and R7 is normally to be understood as meaning “straight-chain” and “branched” alkyl groups, where “straight-chain alkyl groups” can be, for example, radicals such as methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, n-pentyl and n-hexyl and “branched alkyl groups” designate, for example, radicals such as isopropyl or tert-butyl. “Cycloalkyl” is to be understood as meaning radicals such as, for example, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl or cycloheptyl. The designation “halogen” represents fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. The designation “alkoxy group” represents radicals such as, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, butoxy, isopropoxy, isobutoxy or pentoxy.

[0021] The compounds according to the invention can also be present as acid addition salts, for example as salts of mineral acids, such as, for example, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, salts of organic acids, such as, for example, acetic acid, lactic acid, malonic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, gluconic acid, glucuronic acid, citric acid, embonic acid, methanesulfonic acid, trifluoroacetic acid and succinic acid.

[0022] Both the compounds of the formula I and their salts are biologically active. The compounds of the formula 1 can be administered in free form or as salts with a physiologically tolerable acid. Administration can be carried out orally, parenterally, intravenously, transdermally or by inhalation.

[0023] The invention furthermore relates to pharmaceutical preparations containing at least one compound of the formula I or its salt with physiologically tolerable inorganic or organic acids and, if appropriate, pharmaceutically utilizable excipients and/or diluents or auxiliaries.

[0024] Suitable administration forms are, for example, tablets, coated tablets, capsules, solutions or ampoules, suppositories, patches, powder preparations which can be inhaled, suspensions, creams and ointments.

[0025] The compounds according to the invention have a good antiasthmatic, antiallergic and immuno-suppressant/immunomodulating action, for example in transplantations and diseases such as psoriasis, rheumatoid disorders and chronic polyarthritis, in the following pharmacological models:

[0026] Inhibition of the “Late Phase” Eosinophilia in the BAL 24 Hours After Allergen Challenge in Guinea Pigs

[0027] Male guinea pigs (200-250 g, Dunkin Hartley Shoe) were actively sensitized subcutaneously with ovalbumin (10 μg of ovalbumin+1 mg of Al(OH)3) and boosted 2 weeks later. One week after boosting with ovalbumin, the animals were exposed to an inhalation challenge with ovalbumin (0.5% strength solution) for 20-30 seconds. 24 hours later, the animals were killed by means of an overdose of urethane, exsanguinated and a bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was carried out using 2×5 ml of 0.9% strength physiological saline solution.

[0028] The lavage fluid was collected and centrifuged at 400 g for 10 minutes, and the pellets were suspended in 1 ml of 0.9% strength physiological saline solution. The eosinophils were counted microscopically in a Neubauer chamber after staining by means of Becton Dickinson test kit No. 5877. This test kit contains Phloxin B as a selective stain for eosinophils. The eosinophils in the BAL was [sic] counted here for each animal and expressed as eosinophils (millions/animal). For each group the mean value and standard deviation were determined. The percentage inhibition of eosinophilia for the group treated with test substance was calculated according to the following formula:

(A−B)−(B−C)/(A−C)×100=% inhibition

[0029] in this formula A eosinophils correspond to the untreated challenge group, B eosinophils to the treated group and C eosinophils to the unchallenged control group.

[0030] The animals were treated with a histamine H1 antagonist (azelastine; 0.01 mg/kg p.o.) 2 hours before allergen challenge to avoid death. The administration of the test substances or of the vehicle was carried out 4 hours after allergen challenge. The percentage inhibition of eosinophilia in the BAL was calculated on groups of 6-10 animals. 1

TABLE
Inhibition of the “late phase”-eosinophilia
24 h after allergen challenge in guinea pigs
Dose%
Substance[mg/kg]AdministrationnInhibition
Cyclosporin A5i.p. + 4 h1750.0
10i.p. + 4 h1147.0
30p.o. + 4 h 1068.8
According to Ex. 15i.p. + 4 h1027.8
10i.p. + 4 h1055.4
30p.o. + 4 h  956.1

[0031] Assays for the Determination of Peptidylprolyl Isomerase (PPIase) Activity and Inhibition

[0032] The PPIase activity of the cyclophilins was measured enzymatically according to Fischer et al. (1984). After isomerization of the substrate by the peptidyl prolyl isomerase, this is accessible to chymotrypsin, which cleaves the chromophore p-nitroaniline. For the determination of inhibition of the PPIase activity by substance, recombinant human Cyp B was used. The interaction of Cyp B with a potential inhibitor was carried out as follows:

[0033] A certain concentration of purified Cyp B was incubated with 1 μM substance for 15 min. The PPIase reaction was started by addition of the substrate solution to the reaction mixture which contains HEPES buffer, chymotrypsin and either test or control samples. Under these conditions, first-order kinetics were obtained with a constant Kobserved=K0+Kenz, where K0 is the spontaneous isomerization and Kenz is the rate of isomerization of the PPIase activity. The extinction values which correspond to the amount of the chromophore cleaved were measured using a Beckman DU 70 spectrophotometer at a constant reaction temperature of 10° C.

[0034] The observed residual activity in the presence of various substances was compared with the cyclophilins only treated with solvent. The results were given in % residual activity. Cyclosporin A (CsA) was used as the reference compound. The inhibition of the PPIase activity was additionally checked by SDS-PAGE.

[0035] Colorimetric Assay (Based on the MTT Test) for the Non-radioactive Quantification of Cell Proliferation and Survival Ability

[0036] MTT is used for the quantitative determination of cell proliferation and activation, for example, in the reaction on growth factors and cytokines such as IL-2 and IL-4 and also for the quantification of the antiproliferative or toxic effects.

[0037] The assay is based on the cleavage of yellow tetrazolium salt MTT to give purple-red formazan crystals by metabolically active cells.

[0038] The cells, cultured in a 96-hole tissue culture plate, are incubated for about 4 h with yellow MTT solution. After this incubation time, purple-red formazan salt crystals are formed. These salt crystals are insoluble in aqueous solutions, but can be dissolved by addition of solubilizer and by incubation of the plates overnight.

[0039] The dissolved formazan product is quantified spectrophotometrically using an ELISA reader. An increase in the number of living cells results in an increase in the total metabolic activity in the sample. This increase correlates directly with the amount of the purple-red formazan crystals formed, which are [sic] measured by the absorption. 2

Inhibition of
CD3-inducedInhibition of
IL-2lympho-
Inhibition ofproductionproliferation
SubstancePPIase activity[%][%]
Cono. [μM][%]0.11100.1110
According to Ex. 180 - 100347295183961
Cyclosporin A80 - 100568294 8 711

[0040] The processes for the preparation of the compounds according to the invention are described in the following reaction schemes 1 and 2 and in general procedures. All compounds can be prepared as described or analogously.

[0041] The compounds of the general formula I are obtainable according to the following Scheme 1, shown for the synthesis of the compound Example 1: 4embedded image

[0042] General Procedure for the Preparation of the Compounds of the General Formula I According to Scheme 1:

[0043] 1st Stage

[0044] The indole derivative, which can be unsubstituted or mono- or polysubstituted on C-2 or in the phenyl structure, is dissolved in a protic, dipolar aprotic or nonpolar organic solvent, such as, for example, isopropanol, tetrahydrofuran, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide, N-methyl-pyrrolidone, dioxane, toluene or methylene chloride and added dropwise to a suspension of a base in a molar or excess amount prepared in a 3-necked flask under an N2 atmosphere, such as, for example, sodium hydride, powdered potassium hydroxide, potassium tert-butoxide, dimethylaminopyridine or sodium amide in a suitable solvent. The desired alkyl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl halide, if appropriate with addition of a catalyst, such as, for example, copper, is then added and the mixture is reacted for some time, for example 30 minutes to 12 hours, and the temperature is kept within a range from 0° C. to 120° C., preferably between 30° C. to [sic] 80° C., particularly between 50° C. and 65° C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture is added to water, the solution is extracted, for example, with diethyl ether, dichloromethane, chloroform, methyl tert-butyl ether or tetrahydrofuran and the organic phase obtained in each case is dried using anhydrous sodium sulfate. The organic phase is concentrated in vacuo, the residue which remains is crystallized by trituration or the oily residue is purified by recrystallization, distillation or by column or flash chromatography on silica gel or alumina. The eluent used is, for example, a mixture of dichloromethane and diethyl ether in the ratio 8:2 (vol/vol) or a mixture of dichloromethane and ethanol in the ratio 9:1 (vol/vol).

[0045] 2nd Stage

[0046] The N-substituted indole obtained by the abovementioned 1st stage procedure is dissolved under a nitrogen atmosphere in an aprotic or nonpolar organic solvent, such as, for example, diethyl ether, methyl tert-butyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, toluene, xylene, methylene chloride or chloroform and added to a solution, prepared under a nitrogen atmosphere, of a simply molar up to 60 percent excess amount of oxalyl chloride in an aprotic or nonpolar solvent, such as, for example, in diethyl ether, methyl tert-butylether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, toluene, xylene, methylene chloride or chloroform, the temperature being kept between −5° C. and 20° C. The reaction solution is then heated at a temperature between 10° C. and 130° C., preferably between 20° C. and 80° C., particularly between 30° C. and 50° C., for a period of 30 minutes up to 5 hours and the solvent is then evaporated. The residue of the “indolyl-3-glyoxylic acid chloride” formed in this manner which remains is dissolved in an aprotic solvent such as, for example, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, diethyl ether, toluene or alternatively in a dipolar aprotic solvent, such as, for example, dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide or dimethyl sulfoxide, cooled to a temperature between 10° C. and −15° C., preferably between −5C and 0° C., and treated in the presence of an acid scavenger with a solution of the primary or secondary amine in a diluent.

[0047] Possible diluents are the solvents used above for the dissolution of the indolyl-3-glyoxylic acid chloride. Acid scavengers used are triethylamine, pyridin, dimethylaminopyridine, basic ion exchanger, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, powdered potassium hydroxide and excess primary or secondary amine employed for the reaction. The reaction takes place at a temperature from 0° C. to 120° C., preferably at 20-80° C., particularly between 40° C. and 60° C. After a reaction time of 1-3 hours and standing at room temperature for 24 hours, the hydrochloride of the acid scavenger is filtered, the filtrate is concentrated in vacuo, and the residue is recrystallized from an organic solvent or purified by column chromatography on silica gel or alumina. The eluent used is, for example, a mixture of dichloromethane and ethanol (95:5, vol/vol).

WORKING EXAMPLES

[0048] According to this general procedure for Stages 1 and 2, on which the synthesis Scheme 1 is based, the following compounds were synthesized which are evident from the following survey detailing the respective chemical name. In Table 1 which follows, the structures of these compounds and their melting points can be seen from the general formula I and the substituents R1-R4 and Z:

Example 1

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

[0049] 1st Stage

1-(4-Fluorobenzyl)indole

[0050] A solution of 11.72 g (0.1 mol) of indole in 50 ml of dimethyl sulfoxide is added to a mixture of 2.64 g of sodium hydride (0.11 mol, mineral oil suspension) in 100 ml of dimethyl sulfoxide. The mixture is heated for 1.5 hours at 60° C., then allowed to cool and 15.9 g (0.11 mol) of 4-fluorobenzyl chloride are added dropwise. The solution is warmed to 60° C., allowed to stand overnight and then poured into 400 ml of water with stirring. The mixture is extracted several times with a total of 150 ml of methylene chloride, the organic phase is dried using anhydrous sodium sulfate and filtered, and the filtrate is concentrated in vacuo. The residue is distilled in a high vacuum: 21.0 g (96% of theory) B.p. (0.5 mm): 140° C.

[0051] 2nd Stage

N-(pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

[0052] A solution of 4.75 g (21.1 mmol) of 1-(4-fluoro-benzyl)indole in 25 ml of ether is added dropwise at 0° C. and under N2 to a solution of 2.25 ml of oxalyl chloride in 25 ml of ether. The mixture is refluxed for 2 hours and the solvent is then evaporated. 50 ml of tetrahydrofuran were [sic] then added to the residue, and the solution is cooled to −5° C. and treated dropwise with a solution of 4.66 g (49.5 mmol) of 4-aminopyridine in 200 ml of THF. The mixture is refluxed for 3 hours and allowed to stand at room temperature overnight. The 4-aminopyridine hydrochloride is filtered off with suction, the precipitate is washed with THF, the filtrate is concentrated in vacuo and the residue is recrystallized from ethyl acetate.

[0053] Yield: 7.09 g (90% of theory)

[0054] Melting point: 225-226° C. 3

Elemental analysis:
Calc.C 70.77H 4.32N 11.25
FoundC 71.09H 4.36N 11.26

Example 2

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-(1-methylindol-3-yl) glyoxylamide

Example 3

N-(Pyridin-3-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 4

N-(Pyridin-3-yl)-(1-benzylindol-3-yl) glyoxylamide

Example 5

N-(Pyridin-3-yl)-[1-(2-chlorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 6

N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 7

N-(4-Nitrophenyl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 8

N-(2-Chloropyridin-3-yl)-[1-(4-fluoro-benzyl)indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 9

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-(1-benzylindol-3-yl)-glyoxylamide

Example 10

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(3-pyridylmethyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 11

N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-[1-(2-pyridylmethyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 12

N-4(Fluorophenyl)-[1-(3-pyridylmethyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 13

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-chlorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 14

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(2-chlorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 15

N-(Pyridin-2-yl)-[1-4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 16

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(2-pyridylmethyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 17

(4-Phenylpiperazin-1-yl)-[1-(4-fluoro-benzyl)indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 18

N-(Pyridin-2-yl)-(1-benzylindol-3-yl)-glyoxylamide

Example 19

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-6-ethoxycarbonylaminoindol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide

Example 20

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-ethoxycarbonylaminoindol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide

Example 21

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-6-cyclopentyloxycarbonylaminoindol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide

Example 22

4-(Pyridin-4-yl)-piperazin-1-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide

Example 23

N-(3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzyl)-N-(allyl-aminocarbonyl-2-methylprop-1-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 24

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-methoxyindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 25

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-hydroxyindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

Example 26

N-pyridin-4-yl-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-ethoxycarbonylaminomethylindol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide

[0055] 4

TABLE 1
Novel indolylglyoxylamides according to reaction Scheme 1
Formula 1
5embedded image
ExampleRR1R2
Ex. 1H 6embedded image 7embedded image
Ex. 2H 8embedded image CH3
Ex. 3H 9embedded image 10embedded image
Ex. 4H 11embedded image 12embedded image
Ex. 5H 13embedded image 14embedded image
Ex. 6H 15embedded image 16embedded image
Ex. 7H 17embedded image 18embedded image
Ex. 8H 19embedded image 20embedded image
Ex. 9H 21embedded image 22embedded image
Ex. 10H 23embedded image 24embedded image
Ex. 11H 25embedded image 26embedded image
Ex. 12H 27embedded image 28embedded image
Ex. 13H 29embedded image 30embedded image
Ex. 14H 31embedded image 32embedded image
Ex. 15H 33embedded image 34embedded image
Ex. 16H 35embedded image 36embedded image
Ex. 17R + R1zusam. 37embedded image 38embedded image
Ex. 18H 39embedded image 40embedded image
Ex. 19H 41embedded image 42embedded image
Ex. 20H 43embedded image 44embedded image
Ex. 21H 45embedded image 46embedded image
Ex. 22R + R1zusam. 47embedded image 48embedded image
Ex. 23 49embedded image 50embedded image 51embedded image
Ex. 24H 52embedded image 53embedded image
Ex. 25H 54embedded image 55embedded image
Ex. 26H 56embedded image 57embedded image
ExampleR3R4ZM.p.
Ex. 1HHO225-6° C.
Ex. 2HHO176° C.
Ex. 3HHO173° C.
Ex. 4HHO140° C.
Ex. 5HHO185° C.
Ex. 6HHO199° C.
Ex. 7HHO>250° C.
Ex. 8HHO149° C.
Ex. 9HHO178-180° C.
Ex. 10HHO179° C.
Ex. 11HHO132° C.
Ex. 12HHO144° C.
Ex. 13HHO234° C.
Ex. 14HHO184° C.
Ex. 15HHO141° C.
Ex. 16HHO202° C.
Ex. 17HHO115° C.
Ex. 18HHO112-3° C.
Ex. 196-NHCOOEtHO>250° C.
Ex. 206-NHCOOEtHO183° C.
Ex. 21 58embedded image HOOlig
Ex. 22HHO160-62° C.
Ex. 23HHO139-141° C.
Ex. 245-OCH3HO188° C.
Ex. 255-OHHO>250° C.
Ex. 265-CH2—NHCOOEtHO175-176° C.

[0056] Starting Materials for the Compounds of the General Formula 1 Prepared According to Synthesis Scheme 1, which Come from Table 1

[0057] All precursors for the final synthesis stages of Examples 1 to 22 and 24 to 26 are commercially available.

[0058] Furthermore, the compounds of the general formula I are also obtainable according to the synthesis route of Scheme 2, shown by the synthesis of the compound Example 27: 59embedded image

[0059] General Procedure for the Preparation of the Compounds of the General Formula 1 According to Scheme 2

[0060] 1st Stage

[0061] The indole derivative dissolved in a solvent, such as given above for oxalyl chloride, which can be unsubstituted or substituted on C-2 or in the phenyl ring, is added dropwise at a temperature between −5° C. and +5° C. to a solution of a simply molar up to 60% excess amount of oxalyl chloride prepared under a nitrogen atmosphere in an aprotic or nonpolar solvent, such as, for example, in diethyl ether, methyl tert-butyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane or alternatively dichloromethane. The reaction solution is then heated for 1 to 5 hours to a temperature between 10° C. and 120° C., preferably between 20° C. and 80° C., particularly between 30° C. and 60° C., and the solvent is then evaporated. The residue of the (indol-3-yl)glyoxylic acid chloride which remains is dissolved or suspended in an aprotic solvent, such as, for example, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, diethyl ether, toluene or alternatively in a dipolar aprotic solvent, such as, for example, dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide or dimethyl sulfoxide, cooled to a temperature between −10° C. and +10° C., preferably to −5° C. to 0° C., and treated with a solution of the primary or secondary amine in a diluent in the presence of an acid scavenger. Possible diluents are the solvents used for the dissolution of the “indolyl-3-glyoxylic acid chloride”. Acid scavengers used are triethylamine, pyridin, dimethylaminopyridine, basic ion exchanger, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, powdered potassium hydroxide and excess primary or secondary amine employed for the reaction. The reaction takes place at a temperature from 0° C. to 120° C., preferably at 20-80° C., particularly between 40° C. and 60° C. After a reaction time of 1-4 hours and standing at room temperature for 24 hours, the precipitate is digested with water, and the solid is filtered off with suction and dried in vacuo. The desired compound is purified by recrystallization in an organic solvent or by column chromatography on silica gel or alumina. The solvent used is, for example, a mixture of dichloromethane and ethanol (10:1, vol/vol).

[0062] 2nd Stage

[0063] The “indol-3-ylglyoxylamide” obtained according to the abovementioned 1st Stage procedure is dissolved in a protic, dipolar aprotic or nonpolar organic solvent, such as, for example, in isopropanol, tetrahydrofuran, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethylformamide, dimethyl-acetamide, N-methylpyrrolidone, dioxane, toluene or methylene chloride and added dropwise to a suspension of a base such as, for example, sodium hydride, powdered potassium hydroxide, potassium tert-butoxide, dimethylaminopyridine or sodium amide in a suitable solvent, in a molar amount or in excess prepared in a 3-necked flask under an N2 atmosphere. The desired alkyl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl halide is then added either in undiluted form or in a diluent which was also used, for example, to dissolve the “indol-3-yl glyoxylamide”, if appropriate with addition of a catalyst, such as, for example, copper, and the mixture is allowed to react for some time, e.g. 30 minutes to 12 hours, and the temperature is kept within a range between 0° C. and 120° C., preferably between 30° C. and 80° C., particularly between 50 and 70° C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture is added to water, the solution is extracted, for example, with diethyl ether, dichloromethane, chloroform, methyl tert-butyl ether, tetrahydrofuran or N-butanol and the organic phase obtained in each case is dried using anhydrous sodium sulfate.

[0064] The organic phase is concentrated in vacuo, the residue which remains is crystallized by trituration or the oily residue is purified by distillation or by column chromatography or flash chromatography on silica gel or alumina. The eluent used is, for example, a mixture of methylene chloride and diethyl ether in the ratio 8:2 (vol/vol) or a mixture of methylene chloride and ethanol in the ratio 9:1 (v/v)

WORKING EXAMPLES

[0065] According to this general procedure for Stages 1 and 2, on which synthesis Scheme 2 is based, compounds were synthesized which have already been prepared according to the synthesis course of reaction Scheme 1 and are evident from Table 1. The relevant precursors of these compounds are evident from Table 2.

Example 27

N-(pyridin-4-yl)-[1-(4-flurobenzyl)indol-3-yl]-glyoxylamide

[0066] (Final substance, identical to Example 1)

[0067] 1st Stage

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-(indol-3-yl)glyoxylamide

[0068] A solution of 10 g (85.3 mmol) of indole in 100 ml of ether is added dropwise at 0° C. to a solution of 9 ml of oxalyl chloride in 100 ml of anhydrous ether. The mixture is kept under reflux for 3 hours. A suspension of 12 g (127.9 mmol) of 4-aminopyridine in 500 ml of tetrahydrofuran is then added dropwise at −5° C., and the reaction mixture is heated to reflux temperature with stirring for 3 hours and allowed to stand overnight at room temperature. The precipitate is filtered and treated with water and the dried compound is purified on a silica gel column (silica gel 60, Merck AG, Darmstadt) using the eluent methylene chloride/ethanol (10:1, v/v).

[0069] Yield: 9.8 g (43.3% of theory)

[0070] M.p.: from 250° C.

[0071] 2nd Stage

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-[1-[4-fluorobenzylindol-3-yl]glyoxylamide

[0072] The N-(pyridin-4-yl)-(indol-3-yl)glyoxylamide obtained according to the 1st stage is reacted with 4-fluorobenzyl chloride according to the “benzylation procedure” (Page 11) and the compound obtained is isolated.

[0073] Yield: 41% of theory

[0074] M.p.: 224-225° C. 5

Elemental analysis:
Calc.C 70.77H 4.32N 11.25
FoundC 70.98H 4.40N 11.49

Example 28

N-(4-Nitrophenyl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide (Final substance, identical to Example 7)

Example 29

N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide (Final substance, identical to Example 6)

Example 30

N-)Pyridin-3-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxylamide (Final substance, identical to Example 3)

[0075] The following precursors (1st stage of reaction scheme 2, Table 2) were obtained according to the present Scheme 2.

Example 31

N-(Pyridin-4-yl)-(indol-3-yl)-glyoxylamide

Example 32

N-(4-Nitrophenyl)-(indol-3-yl)-glyoxylamide

Example 33

N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-(indol-3-yl)-glyoxlyamide

Example 34

N-(Pyridin-3-yl)-(indol-3-yl)-glyoxylamide

[0076] 6

TABLE 2
Novel indolylglyoxylamides according to reaction Scheme 2
Formula 1
60embedded image
ExampleRR1R2R3R4ZM.p.
Ex. 31H 61embedded image HHHO>250° C.
Ex. 32H 62embedded image HHHO>250° C.
Ex. 33H 63embedded image HHHO233-5° C.
Ex. 34H 64embedded image HHHO235° C.