Title:
Manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The manufacturing device for the three-dimensional composition comprising by composing three dimentional X interconnecting structural part (the 3X interconnecting structural composition ST1, the 4X interconnecting structural composition ST2, and the 6X-3X interconnecting structural composition ST3) by applying the composition principle of the braid. The manufacturing device for the three-dimensional composition, comprising the three-dimensional compositions ST1, ST2, ST3 by the numerous filiform elements pulled out of the numerous bobbins 2 individually, characterizes in having the filiform element supply means 3 for supplying said numerous filiform elements individually to the composed position P1, the filiform element distributing means 4 for composing numerous filiform elements supplied from the filiform element supply means are supported by at least three and the filiform elements from at least three directions are interconnected at intervals to the composing direction and they diverge to at least three directions and the composition pulling-up means 5 for pulling up the composed composition.



Inventors:
Uchida, Hiroshi (Omihachiman-shi, JP)
Application Number:
10/025875
Publication Date:
07/04/2002
Filing Date:
12/26/2001
Assignee:
Murata Kikai Kabushiki Kaisha (Kyoto-shi, JP)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
D04C5/00; B21F27/00; D03D41/00; D04C1/06; (IPC1-7): D04C3/00
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
WORRELL JR, LARRY D
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KRATZ, QUINTOS & HANSON, LLP (WASHINGTON, DC, US)
Claims:
1. A manufacturing device for the three-dimensional composition, wherein the three-dimensional composition is composed by the numerous filiform elements pulled out individually from numerous bobbins, the manufacturing device comprising: a filiform element supply means for supplying said numerous filiform elements individually to the composed position, a filiform element distributing means for composing said filiform elements such that numerous filiform elements supplied from said filiform element supply means are supported by at least three and said filiform elements from at least three directions are interconnected at intervals to the composing direction and diverge to at least three directions, and a composition pulling-up means for pulling up said composition.

2. The manufacturing device for the three-dimensional composition according to claim 1, wherein said filiform element distributing means is respectively supported rotatably through the interlocking means and in having the filiform element transfer means for transferring numerous rotors providing at least three filiform elements receiving grooves around it and at least three filiform elements supported by said filiform receiving groove in said rotor between the adjacent filiform element receiving grooves in said rotor.

3. The manufacturing device for the three-dimensional composition according to claim 2, wherein said interlocking means in said filiform element distributing means constitutes the gear mechanism provided around said rotor.

4. The manufacturing device for the three-dimensional composition according to claim 2, wherein said filiform element transfer means constitutes the filiform element transfer bar member having the upper edge cam working face and the lower edge cam working face extended along the longitudinal direction.

Description:

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present invention relates to a manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition composing based on the composition principle of braid, which especially provides three-dimensional composition organized three-dimensionally. More particularly, this invention relates to the manufacture of three-dimensional composition for utilizing the device effectively as the filling body etc., which does a mass transfer and a heat exchange etc., by providing the device in the fluid duct of the distillation equipment for example.

BACKGROUND ART

[0002] As is generally known, such art being disclosed in the open journal of Laid Open Japanese Patent Publication No. Heisei 5-96101 is known as the method for manufacturing the filling body doing the mass transfer and the heat exchange etc., for example by providing the device in the fluid duct of the distillation equipment. This conventional art is based on the weaving principle by the weaving machine used the warp yarn and the weft yarn. A filling body 101, where the respective layer of many layers of a transmitting plates 102 connects each other through a connecting part 102a and remotes in a connecting part 102b as shown in FIG. 16A, is composed as the remote so-called X-packing (the formation that the cross-sectional shape of the connecting part 102a formed by the adjacent both transmitting plates becomes X-shaped).

[0003] If the filling body 101 acquired from the above conventional art is used as the filling body filling to the device for conducting the mass transfer between gases, between liquids, or between gas and liquid, the heat exchange or the mixture, as indicated by an arrow a in FIG. 16B, the fluid flow comes to the connecting part 102a from two directions and only flows to two directions (since it is no more than the simple two dimensional X shape in case of seeing it cross-sectionally and it does not have the three-dimensional X structural part), so that the filtering efficiency as a filter has been low.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

[0004] It is an object of the present invention to provide the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition in order to manufacture the three-dimensional composition that the composition of the connecting part in said composition is arranged to be the three-dimensional X interconnecting structural part (the 3X interconnecting structure, the 4X interconnecting structure and the 6X-3X interconnecting structure) by adopting the composition principle of braid for solving the above problem seen in the above conventional art.

[0005] The present invention is provided for achieving the aforementioned object. More precisely, the manufacturing device for the three-dimensional composition, wherein the three-dimensional composition is composed by the numerous filiform elements pulled out individually from many bobbins, comprises a filiform element supply means for supplying the above numerous filiform elements individually to the composed position, a filiform element distributing means for composing the above filiform elements such as to accept the numerous filiform elements supplied from the above filiform element supply means at least by three, to converge the filiform elements from at least three directions by putting intervals to the composing direction and to diverge to at least three directions and a composition pulling-up means for pulling up the composed composition.

[0006] Further, the present invention comprises the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition, wherein the above filiform element distributing means includes the numerous rotors providing at least three filiform elements around it supported rotatably through the interlocking means respectively and the filiform element transfer means for transferring at least three filiform elements supported by the filiform receiving groove in the above rotor between the filiform element receiving grooves in the adjacent rotors.

[0007] Still further, the present invention comprises the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition, wherein the interlocking means in the abovementioned filiform element distributing means composes the gear mechanism provided around the above rotor.

[0008] Furthermore, the present invention comprises the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition, wherein the above filiform element transfer means is composed of the filiform element transfer bar member having the upper edge cam working face and the lower edge cam working face extended along the longitudinal direction.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0009] FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view showing the basic composition of the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention.

[0010] FIG. 2 shows the respectively different constitutional example of the structure in the three-dimensional composition manufactured according to the present invention.

[0011] FIG. 2A is a schematic perspective view showing the first constitutional example (the 3X composition) of three-dimensional composition forming the three-dimensional 3X interconnecting part by twisting three filform elements.

[0012] FIG. 2B is a schematic perspective view showing the second constitutional example (the 4X composition) of the three-dimensional composition forming the three-dimensional 4X interconnecting part by twisting four filform bodies.

[0013] FIG. 2C is a schematic perspective view showing the third constitutional example (the 6X-3X composition) of the three-dimensional composition forming alternatively the three-dimensional 6X interconnecting part by twisting the six filform elements and three-dimensional 3X interconnecting part by twisting the three filiform elements to the composing direction.

[0014] FIGS. 3˜5 illustrate the details of the manufacturing procedure of the 3X composition shown in FIG. 2A, and FIG. 3 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective first rotor supports the respective three filiform elements.

[0015] FIG. 4 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective three filiform elements transfer from the respective first rotors to the respective second rotors and support after forming the 3X interconnecting part Tw1 of the first layer by that the above rotor rotates several times and the respective three filiform elements supported by the respective receiving grooves are twisted in the 3X interconnecting state, in the state shown in FIG. 3.

[0016] FIG. 5 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective three filiform elements transfer from the respective second rotors to the respective original rotors and supports after forming the 3X interconnecting part Tw2 of the second layer by that the above second rotor rotate several times and the respective three filiform elements supported by the respective rotors are twisted in the 3X interconnecting state, in the state shown in FIG. 4.

[0017] FIG. 6 and FIG. 7 illustrate the details of the manufacturing procedure of the 4X composition ST2 shown in FIG. 2B, and

[0018] FIG. 6 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective first rotors support the respective four filiform elements.

[0019] FIG. 7 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective four filiform elements transfer from the respective first rotors to the respective second rotors and support after forming the 4X interconnecting part Tw1 of the first layer by that the above first rotor rotates several times and the respective four filiform elements supported by the respective grooves are twisted in the 4X interconnecting state in the state shown in FIG. 6.

[0020] FIG. 8 FIG. 10 illustrate the details of the manufacturing procedure of the 6X-3X composition ST3 shown in FIG. 2C, wherein FIG. 8 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective six filiform elements are supported by the respective first rotors.

[0021] FIG. 9 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective six filiform elements transfer from the respective first rotors to the respective second rotors and support after forming the 6X interconnecting part Tw1 of the first layer by that the above first rotor rotates several times and the respective six filiform elements supported by the respective grooves are twisted in the 6X interconnecting state in the state shown in FIG. 6.

[0022] FIG. 10 is a schematic front view showing the state that the respective six filiform elements are transferred and supported by the respective first rotors.

[0023] FIG. 11 is the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention, which shows the concrete example and the transfer procedure of the filiform element transfer means 7 for transferring the filiform element between the rotors on the manufacturing of the 3X composition.

[0024] FIGS. 11A and 11A′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state of organizing the 3X interconnecting part of the first layer by the three filiform elements, rotating said rotor in the state that three filiform elements are supported by the first rotor.

[0025] FIGS. 11B and 11B′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that a filiform element transfer bar member utilized as the filiform element transfer means is inserted to the arrow direction.

[0026] FIGS. 11C and 11C′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that said filiform element transfer bar member rotates at the angle of 90 degrees around the axis and three filiform elements supported by the first rotor are transferred to the second rotor and the 3X interconnecting part of the second layer by three filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state.

[0027] FIGS. 11D and 11D′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the filiform element transfer bar member rotates at the angle of 90 degrees around the axis and three filiform elements supported by the second rotor are transferred to the first rotor.

[0028] FIG. 12 is the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention, which shows the concrete example and the transfer procedure of the filiform element transfer means for transferring the filiform element between rotors on the manufacture of the 4X composition.

[0029] FIGS. 12A and 12A′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the first rotor supports four filiform elements and the 4X interconnecting part of the first layer by the four filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state.

[0030] FIGS. 12B and 12B′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the filiform element transfer bar member utilized as the filiform element transfer means 7 is inserted to the arrow direction.

[0031] FIGS. 12C and 12C′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that said filiform element transfer bar member rotates at the angle of 90 degrees around the axis and the four filiform elements supported by the first rotor are transferred to the second rotor and the 4X interconnecting part of the second layer by the four filiform elements are organized by rotating said rotor in the state.

[0032] FIGS. 12D and 12D′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the filiform element transfer bar member rotates at the angle of 90 degrees around the axis and the four filiform elements supported by the second rotor are transferred to the first rotor.

[0033] FIG. 13 is the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention, which shows the concrete example and the transfer procedure of the filiform element transfer means 7 for transferring the filiform element between rotors on the manufacture of the 6X-3X composition. FIGS. 13A and 13A′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the first rotor supports the six filiform elements and the 6X interconnecting part of the first layer by the six filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state.

[0034] FIGS. 13B and 13B′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that a filiform element transfer bar member utilized as the filiform element transfer means 7 is inserted to the arrow direction.

[0035] FIGS. 13C and 13C′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that said filiform element transfer bar member rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and the six filiform elements supported by the first rotor are transferred to the second rotor by three and the 3X interconnecting part of the second layer by three filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state.

[0036] FIGS. 13D and 13D′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the filiform element transfer bar member rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and three filiform elements supported by the second rotor are transferred to the first rotor by six.

[0037] FIG. 14 illustrates the rotor, which shows the combination example of one unit of the drive means by unitizing the drive means of said rotor.

[0038] FIG. 14A is a schematic front view showing one composition example that the helical gear system is adopted as the drive means, and

[0039] FIG. 14B is the schematic perspective view.

[0040] FIG. 15 illustrates the rotor, which shows the combination example of one unit of the drive means by unitizing the drive means of said rotor.

[0041] FIG. 15A is a schematic front view showing one composition example that the super gear system is adopted as the drive means, and

[0042] FIG. 15B is the schematic perspective view.

[0043] FIG. 16 shows the conventional example of this kind of composition.

[0044] FIG. 16A is the schematic perspective view and

[0045] FIG. 16B is an explanatory drawing showing the relation of the fluid flow in the composition according to the above conventional example.

BEST MODE FOR EMBODYING THE INVENTION

[0046] Hereafter, the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the concrete embodiment shown in FIGS. 1˜11 in the attached drawings (especially, the basic embodiment concerning the manufacture of the three-dimensional 3X composition).

[0047] FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view showing the basic composition of the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention.

[0048] FIG. 2 shows the respectively different constitutional example of the structure in the three-dimensional composition manufactured according to the present invention. FIG. 2A is a schematic perspective view showing the first constitutional example (hereafter called the 3X composition) of three-dimensional composition forming the three-dimensional 3X interconnecting part by twisting and interconnecting three filiform elements. FIG. 2B is a schematic perspective view showing the second constitutional example (hereafter called the 4X composition) of the three-dimensional composition forming the three-dimensional 4X interconnecting part by twisting four filiform elements. FIG. 2C is a schematic perspective view showing the third constitutional example (hereafter called the 6X-3X composition) of the three-dimensional composition forming alternatively the three-dimensional 6X interconnecting part by twisting the six filiform elements and three-dimensional 3X interconnecting part by twisting the three filiform elements to the composing direction.

[0049] The present invention is provided for manufacturing the three-dimensional composition like the wire fabric composing three-dimensional structure based on the composition principle of the braid, utilizing filiform elements 1 having the rigidity like wire for example, more specifically for manufacturing a three-dimensional 3X composition ST1 shown in a reference mark 11 in FIG. 2A, a three-dimensional 4X composition ST2 shown in a reference mark 12 in FIG. 2B and a three-dimensional 6X-3X composition ST3 shown in a reference mark 13 in FIG. 2C as the concrete composition example.

[0050] The three-dimensional 3X composition as shown in the reference mark 11 in FIG. 2A among the abovementioned concrete composition example of the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention will be described in detail, with reference to FIG. 1, FIG. 2A, FIGS. 3˜5, FIG. 11 and FIGS. 14 and 15.

[0051] First, the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention, which composes the three-dimensional composition by the numerous filiform elements pulled out individually from the numerous bobbins 2 as shown in FIG. 1, has a filiform element supply means 3 for supplying the above numerous filiform elements 1 individually to a composed position P1, a filiform element distributing means 4 for composing the above numerous filiform elements 1 such as to accept the numerous filiform elements 1 supplied from the above filiform element supply means 3 by at least three, to interconnect the filiform elements 1 from at least three directions to the composing direction at intervals and to separate to at least three directions and a composition pulling-up means 5 pulled up the composed composition ST1, ST2 or ST3.

[0052] According to the present invention, the above filiform supply means 3 is composed such that, for example, the numerous bobbins 2 are supported rotatably to a creel stand CS and the above filiform elements 1 are respectively pulled out individually from the above numerous bobbins 2. The above filiform element supply means 3, including the tension adjustment mechanism, is arranged to be able to adjust the tension of the filiform elements 1 pulled out from the above bobbin 2 accordingly. In the former step to the composed position P1, the transferring direction of the numerous filiform elements 1 pulled out individually from the above numerous bobbins 2 are controlled such as to transfer mutually in omitted parallel by a traveling direction controlling member TR. The above traveling direction controlling member TR has the numerous insert holes inserted by the numerous filiform elements 1.

[0053] The above filiform element distributing means 4 is an extremely important component according to the present invention. The concrete embodiment of the above filiform element distributing means 4 will be described in detail with reference to FIG. 1 and FIGS. 11˜15. The above filiform element distributing means 4 basically comprises numerous rotors 6 and a filiform element transfer means 7. The above rotor 6 is supported rotatably in the state of holding each other respectively by an interlocking means 8 in a chassis BU.

[0054] As shown in FIG. 14 or FIG. 15, the above rotor 6 is arranged to have at least three filiform element receiving grooves 9 (the six filiform element receiving grooves 9 in FIG. 14 and FIG. 15) around it. The above filiform element receiving groove 9 is composed by three grooves at intervals of the angle of 120 degrees in the device composing the 3X composition ST1, and is composed by four grooves at intervals of the angle of 90 degrees in the device composing the 4X composition ST2, and is composed by six grooves at intervals of the angle of 60 degrees in the device composing the 6X-3X composition ST3. The filiform element receiving groove 9 in the rotor 6 for composing the above 3X composition ST1 may be composed by six grooves at intervals of the angle of 60 degrees. In the case, the filiform elements 1 may be applied to support to three grooves of every one groove in six grooves.

[0055] The interlocking means 8 in the above filiform element distributing means 4 is composed by a gear mechanism 10 provided around the above rotor 6, and the concrete embodiment will be shown in FIG. 14 and FIG. 15. FIG. 14 illustrates the rotor 6, which shows the combination example of one unit of said drive means by unitizing the drive means of said rotor 6. FIG. 14A is a schematic front view showing one composition example that the helical gear system is adopted as the drive means, and FIG. 14B is the schematic perspective view. FIG. 15 illustrates the rotor 6, which shows the combination example of one unit of said drive means by unitizing the drive means of said rotor 6. FIG. 15A is a schematic front view showing the composition example that a super gear basis is adopted as the drive means and FIG. 15B is the schematic perspective view.

[0056] In the drive means seeing three rotors 6A, 6B and 6C as one unit, according to the composition example by a helical gear mechanism 14 shown in FIG. 14, a first rotor 6A has a helical gear 14A and a second rotor 6B has a helical gear 14B and a third rotor 6C has a helical gear 14C. According to the example shown in FIG. 14, the first rotor 6A, connecting to the drive source, is the drive rotor rotating counterclockwise, which engages to the helical gear 14B of the second rotor 6B and the helical gear 14C of the third rotor 6C through the helical gear 14A and makes the above second rotor 6B and the third rotor 6C rotate clockwise. The above second rotor 6B and the third rotor 6C are not engaged directly.

[0057] Since the gear mechanism is formed sidling along the bus line of the rotor 6 in the composition example by this helical gear system, the above filiform element receiving groove 9 may be designed as the parallel groove extended along the bus line of the rotor 6. According to this composition example, the transfer of the filiform element is easy as the groove is straight. On the other hand, the work accuracy is required for keeping the gear position (there is an advantage of not generating the hollow as the gear base and the pitch circle diameter may be designed to be accorded).

[0058] According to the composition example by a super gear system 15 shown in FIG. 15, the first rotor 6A has a super gear 15A and the second rotor 6B has a super gear 15B and the third rotor 6C has a super gear 15C. According to the example shown in FIG. 15, the first rotor 6A, connecting to the drive source, is the drive rotor rotating counterclockwise, which engages to the super gear 15B of the second rotor 6B and the super gear 15C of the third rotor 6C through the super gear 15A and makes the above second rotor 6B and the third rotor 6C rotate clockwise. The above second rotor 6B and the third rotor 6C are not engaged directly.

[0059] Since the gear mechanism is formed in parallel along the bus line of the rotor 6 in the composition example by this super gear system, the above filiform receiving groove 9 is required to be designed as the slanting groove slanting along the bus line of the rotor 6. According to this composition example, there is an advantage that the rotor part for maintaining the gear position may cover by slanting the groove.

[0060] Next, the concrete embodiment of the filiform element transfer means 7 in the above filiform element distributing means 4 will be described with reference to FIG. 11, FIG. 12 and FIG. 13. FIG. 11 is the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention, which shows the concrete example and the transfer procedure of the filiform element transfer means 7 for transferring the filiform elements 1 between the rotors 6, 6 on the manufacturing of the 3X composition ST1. FIGS. 11A and 11A′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state of organizing the 3X interconnecting part of the first layer by three filiform elements, rotating said rotor in the state that three filiform elements are supported by the first rotor. FIGS. 11B and 11B′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that a filiform element transfer bar member 20A utilized as the filiform element transfer means 7 is inserted to the arrow direction. FIGS. 11C and 11C′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that said filiform element transfer bar member 20A rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and three filiform elements supported by the first rotor are transferred to the second rotor and the 3X interconnecting part of the second layer by three filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state. FIGS. 11D and 11D′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state the filiform element transfer bar member 20A rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and three filiform elements supported by the second rotor are transferred to the first rotor.

[0061] FIG. 12 is the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention, which shows the concrete example and the transfer procedure of the filiform element transfer means 7 for transferring the filiform elements 1 between the rotors 6, 6 on the manufacture of the 4X composition ST2. FIGS. 12A and 12A′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the first rotor supports four filiform elements and the 4X interconnecting part of the first layer by the four filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state. FIGS. 12B and 12B′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the filiform element transfer bar member 20B utilized as the filiform element transfer means 7 is inserted to the arrow direction. FIGS. 12C and 12C′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that said filiform element transfer bar member 20B rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and the four filiform elements supported by the first rotor are transferred to the second rotor and the 4X interconnecting part of the second layer by the four filiform elements are organized by rotating said rotor in the state. FIGS. 12D and 12D′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the filiform element transfer bar member 20B rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and the four filiform elements 1 supported by the second rotor are transferred to the first rotor.

[0062] FIG. 13 is the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition according to the present invention, which shows the concrete example and the transfer procedure of the filiform element transfer means 7 for transferring the filiform elements 1 between the rotors 6, 6 on the manufacture of the 6X-3X composition. FIGS. 13A and 13A′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the first rotor supports six filiform elements and the 6X interconnecting part of the first layer by the six filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state. FIGS. 13B and 13B′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that a filiform element transfer bar member 20C utilized as the filiform element transfer means 7 is inserted to the arrow direction. FIGS. 13C and 13C′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that said filiform element transfer bar member 20C rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and the six filiform elements supported by the first rotor are transferred to the second rotor by three and the 3X interconnecting part of the second layer by three filiform elements is organized by rotating said rotor in the state. FIGS. 13D and 13D′ are a schematic front view and the side view showing the state that the filiform element transfer bar member 20C rotates around the axis at the angle of 90 degrees and three filiform elements supported by the second rotor are transferred to the first rotor by six.

[0063] In the present invention, the above filiform element transfer means 7 is an important component, which at least three filiform elements 1 supported by the filiform element receiving groove 9 in the above rotor 6 are transferred between the filiform element receiving groove 9 in the adjacent rotor 6. To be more precise, the above filiform element transfer means 7 consists of the filiform element transfer bar member 20 of either the filiform element transfer bar member 20A, 20B or 20C having an upper edge cam working face 21 and a lower edge cam working face 22 extended along the longitudinal direction.

[0064] The filiform element transfer member 20 for the above filiform element transfer means 7 is composed of the long and thin plate body having the upper edge cam working face 21 and the lower edge cam working face 22 extended along the longitudinal direction. In the device for composing the 3X composition ST1 shown in FIG. 11, the member 20 approaches along the arrow direction in the parallel state between a filiform element A1 and the filiform elements A2, A3 supported by the first rotor 6A (right to left in FIG. 11B and front to back of the paper space in FIG. 11B′), and after approaching, the filiform element Al supported by the filiform element receiving groove 9 of the first rotor 6A is pushed up to the upper side of the drawing and is moved to the filiform element receiving groove 9 of the second rotor 6B by the above upper edge cam working face 21 in rotating around an axis 20a of said filiform element transfer bar member 20A at the angle of 90 degrees, and the filiform elements A2 and A3 supported by the filiform element receiving grooves 9, 9 of the first rotor 6A are pushed downward in the drawing by the above lower edge cam working face 22 and is moved to the respective filiform receiving grove 9 of a pair of the second rotors 6B, 6B adjoined downward, and it is arranged to control the respective filiform elements A1, A2 and A3 in the respective grooves.

[0065] As described above, in order for the filiform elements A1, A2 and A3 supported by three filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the first rotor 6A to transfer effectively to each one of the filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the adjacent second rotors 6B, 6B, 6B, the upper edge cam working face 21 and the lower edge cam working face 22 of the above filiform element transfer bar member 20A are respectively designed to be curved, namely the conformation shown in the imaginary line in FIG. 1C. The upper edge cam working face 21 and the lower edge cam working face 22 in this filiform element transfer bar member 20A, continuing back and forth regularly in FIG. 1C, operate all at once to the first rotor 6A displayed in a single horizontal low in the drawings, and the filiform element supported by the respective filiform element receiving groove 9 are arranged to be movable.

[0066] On the other hand, the filiform element transfer bar member 20B for composing the 4X composition ST2 shown in FIG. 12 approaches along the arrow direction in a parallel state between the filiform elements A1, A2 and the filiform elements A3, A4 supported by the first rotor 6A (right to left in FIG. 12B and front to back of the paper space in FIG. 12B′), and after approaching, the filiform elements A1 and A2 supported by the filiform element receiving grooves 9, 9 of the first rotor 6A are pushed up to the upper side of the drawing and are moved to the respective filiform element receiving grooves 9, 9 of a pair of the second rotors 6B, 6B adjoined upward by the above upper edge cam working face 21 in rotating around the axis 20a of said filiform element transfer bar member 20B at the angle of 90 degrees, and the filiform elements A3 and A4 supported by the filiform element receiving grooves 9, 9 of the first rotor 6A are pushed downward in the drawing by the above lower edge cam working face 22 and are moved to the respective filiform receiving groves 9, 9 of a pair of the second rotors 6B, 6B adjoined downward, and it is arranged to control the respective filiform elements A1, A2, A3 and A4 in the respective groove.

[0067] As described above, in order for the filiform elements A1, A2, A3 and A4 supported by the four filiform receiving groove 9 in the first rotor 6A to move effectively to each one of the filiform receiving grooves 9 in the adjacent second rotor 6B, the upper edge cam working face 21 and the lower edge cam working face 22 of the above filiform element transfer bar member 20B is designed to be curved respectively, namely the conformation shown in the imaginary line in FIG. 12C. The conformation of the upper edge cam working face 21 and the lower edge cam working face 22 of the filiform element transfer bar member 20B in this embodiment are composed of the symmetrized curved surface as seen from the example of said conformation and the working principle.

[0068] Furthermore, the filiform element transfer bar member 20C for composing the 6X-3X composition ST3 shown in FIG. 13 is approached along the arrow direction in the parallel state between the filiform elements A1, A2, A3 and filiform elements A4, A5, A6 supported by the first rotor 6A (right to left in FIG. 13B and front to back of the paper surface in FIG. 13B′), and after approaching, the filiform elements A1, A2 and A3 supported by the filiform element receiving groove 9 of the first rotor 6A are pushed up to the upper side of the drawing and are moved to the filiform element receiving groove 9 of the second rotors 6B, 6B, 6B adjoined upward by the above upper edge cam working face 21 in rotating around an axis 20a of said filiform element transfer bar member 20A at the angle of 90 degrees, and the filiform elements A4, A5 and A6 supported by the filiform element receiving groove 9 of the first rotor 6A are pushed downward in the drawing by the above lower edge cam working face 22 and are moved to the respective filiform receiving grooves 9 of the three second rotors 6B, 6B, 6B adjoined downward, and it is arranged to control each respective filiform elements A1, A2, A3, A4 and A5 individually in the respective grooves.

[0069] As described above, in order for the filiform elements A1, A2, A3, A4, A5 and A6 supported by the six filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the first rotor 6A to transfer effectively to each one of the filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the adjacent six second rotors 6B, the upper edge cam working face 21 and the lower edge cam working face 22 of the above filiform element transfer bar member 20C are designed to be curved respectively, namely the conformation shown in the imaginary line in FIG. 13C. The conformation of the upper edge cam working face 21 and the lower edge cam working face 22 of the filiform element transfer bar member 20C in this embodiment is composed of the symmetrized curved surface as seen from the example of said conformation and the working principle.

[0070] Next, the composition procedure of the three-dimensional 3X composition ST1 shown in FIG. 2A will be described with reference to FIG. 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5. FIGS. 3illustrate the details of the manufacturing procedure of the 3X composition shown in FIG. 2A, and FIG. 3 shows the state that the filiform elements A1, A2 and A3 are supported respectively by the three filiform element receiving grooves 9 of the respective first rotor 6A.

[0071] FIG. 4 shows the state that the filiform elements A1, A2, A3 transfer from the first rotor 6A to each one of the filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the respective second rotors 6B, 6B, 6B and support after forming a 3X interconnecting part Tw1 of the first layer by that the above rotor 6A rotates several times and the filiform elements A1, A2, A3 supported by the three filiform element receiving grooves 9 are twisted in the 3X interconnecting state, in the state shown in FIG. 3.

[0072] FIG. 5 shows the state that the above filiform elements A1, A2, A3 transfer from the second rotor 6B to the filiform element receiving groove 9 in the respective first rotors 6A and supports after forming a 3X interconnecting part Tw2 of the second layer by that the respective filiform element supported by the three filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the respective rotor are twisted in the 3X interconnecting state, in the state shown in FIG. 4. Further, according to this embodiment, the filiform elements A1, A2, A3 going back from the second rotor 6B to the respective first rotor 6A, next, form the 3X interconnecting part of the third layer by the rotation of the first rotor 6A, and after added the rotation of +60 degree, the 3X interconnecting part of the forth layer is formed by that said filiform elements A1, A2, A3 is supported by being transferred from the first rotor 6A to each one of the filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the respective third rotors 6C, 6C, 6C, and after the appropriate time, the above filiform elements A1, A2, A3 are gone back from the third rotor 6C to the filiform element receiving grooves 9 in the respective first rotors 6A, so that a cycle of composition is completed and the three-dimensional 3X composition ST1 is composed by repeating this procedure.

[0073] More specifically, in the step shown in FIG. 3, the respective three filiform elements 1 are supported to the respective first rotor 6A and the filiform elements A1, A2, A3 are controlled in one of the above first rotor 6A and the 3X interconnecting part Tw1 is formed by twisting the respective filiform elements A1, A2, A3 in the 3X interconnecting state by rotating the above rotor several times. After the appropriate time, the filiform elements 1 controlled by the above first rotor 6A transfer to the adjacent three second rotors 6B, the filiform elements A1, G2, D3 are controlled by the one of them, and the filiform elements A2, B3, C1 are controlled by the other one of them, and the filiform elements A3, E1, I2 are controlled by the still the other one of them, which the above rotor rotates several times and the 3X interconnecting part Tw2 of the respective second layer is formed by twisting individually in the 3X interconnecting state by the filiform elements A1, G2, D3, the filiform elements A2, B3, Cl and the filiform elements A3, E1, 12, and the adjacent filiform elements are interconnected in the 3X state each other and the three-dimensional composition is linked to organize subsequently.

[0074] Next, the composition procedure of the three-dimensional 4X composition ST2 shown in FIG. 2B will be described with reference to FIG. 6 and FIG. 7. FIG. 6 is a schematic plain view showing the state that the filiform element is supported by the respective first rotor, and FIG. 7 shows the state that the filiform element transfers from the respective first rotors to the respective second rotors and supports after forming the 4X interconnecting part of the first layer by that the above rotor rotates several times in the state shown in FIG. 6 and the filiform element from the respective filiform elements is twisted in the 4X interconnecting state. As described above, the three-dimensional 4X composition ST2 is composed through the procedures of FIG. 6, FIG. 7 and FIG. 6.

[0075] The device for manufacturing the three-dimensional 4X composition ST2 according to the second example shown in FIG. 2B is different from the device for manufacturing the above 3X composition ST1 in the composition of the respective rotor 6, however there is no difference in the other composition. In other words, the above rotor 6 in the manufacturing device for manufacturing the above 4X composition is arranged to have the filiform element receiving groove 9, which is opened to the all directions at intervals of the angle of 90 degrees.

[0076] According to the above composition, in the step shown in FIG. 6, the four filiform elements 1 are supported respectively to the respective first rotors 6A and one of the above first rotors 6A controls the filiform elements A1, A2, A3, A4 and the respective filiform elements A1, A2, A3, A4 is twisted in the 4X interconnecting state by rotating the above rotor several times, so that the 4X interconnecting part Tw1 of the first layer is formed. After the appropriate time, the filiform elements 1 controlled by the above first rotor 6A transfer to the adjacent four second rotors 6B, wherein one of them controls the filiform elements A1, C2, L3, D4 and the other one of them controls the filiform elements A2, D3, B4, F1 and the still other one of them controls the filiform elements A3, F4, G1, E2 and the rest one of them controls the filiform elements A4, E1, M2, C3, which the above rotor rotates several times and the 4X interconnecting part Tw2 of the respective second layer is formed by twisting individually in the 4X interconnecting state by the respective filiform elements A1, C2, L3, D4, the filiform elements A2, D3, B4, F1, the filiform elements A3, F4, G1, E2 and the filiform elements A4, E1, M2, C3, and the three-dimensional composition is linked to organize by interconnecting the adjacent filiform elements each other in the 4X state successively.

[0077] Next, the composition procedure of the three-dimensional 6X-3X composition ST3 shown in FIG. 2C will be described with reference to FIG. 8, FIG. 9 and FIG. 10. FIG. 8˜FIG. 10 illustrate the details of the manufacturing procedure of the 6X-3X composition shown in FIG. 2C, wherein FIG. 8 is a schematic plain view showing the state that the respective six filiform elements are supported in the respective first rotors and FIG. 9 shows the state that the filiform element transfers from the respective first rotors 6A to the respective second rotors 6B by three and supports after forming the 6X interconnecting part Tw1 of the first layer by that the above rotor rotates several times in the state shown in FIG. 8 and the respective filiform elements are twisted in the 6X interconnecting state, and FIG. 10 shows the state that the respective six filiform elements transfer and support to the respective first rotors 6A. As described above, the three-dimensional 6X-3X composition ST3 is composed through the procedures of FIG. 8, FIG. 9 and FIG. 10.

[0078] More specifically, in the step shown in FIG. 8, the respective six filiform elements 1 are supported to the respective first rotors 6A and one of the above first rotors 6A controls the filiform elements A1, A2, A3, A4, A5 and A6, which the respective filiform elements A1, A2, A3, A4, A5 and A6 are twisted in the 6X interconnecting state by rotating the above rotor several times, so that the 6X interconnecting part of the first layer Tw1 is formed. After the appropriate time, the filiform elements 1 controlled by the above first rotor 6A transfer to the adjacent six second rotors 6B, wherein the first one of them controls the filiform elements A1, G3, B5 and the second one of them controls the filiform elements A2, B4, C6 and the third one of them controls the filiform elements A3, C5, D1 and the forth one of them controls the filiform elements A4, D6, E2 and the fifth one of them controls the filiform elements A5, E1, F3 and the sixth one of them controls the filiform elements A6, F2, G4, and the above rotor rotates several times and the respective filiform elements A1, G3, B5, the filiform elements A2, B4, C6, the filiform elements A3, C5, D1, the filiform elements A4, D6, E2, the filiform elements A5, E1, F3 and the filiform elements A6, F2, G4 twist in the 3X interconnecting state individually, so that the 3X interconnecting part Tw2 of the second layer is formed respectively and the three-dimensional composition is linked to organize successively by that the adjacent filiform elements are interconnected each other alternatively in the 6X state and in the 3X state.

[0079] [Industrial Applicability]

[0080] According to the manufacturing device for three-dimensional composition in the present invention, said three-dimensional composition is composed based on the composition principle of the braid, wherein the three-dimensional 3X composition, the three-dimensional 4X composition or the three-dimensional 6X-3X composition can be composed, and if these composition bodies are provided in the fluid duct of the distillation equipment and are utilized as the filling body doing the mass transfer and the heat exchange etc., the fluid comes t from three directions o the connecting part and flows to three directions in three-dimensional composition and the fluid comes from four directions to the connecting part and flows to four directions in three-dimensional composition and the fluid comes from six directions to the 6X connecting part and flows to six directions and the fluid is separated to three directions respectively and comes to the 3X connecting part and flows to three directions in each case, so that it acts very effectively in that the processing activity is good and the pressure loss is reduced and the processing efficiency is improved.