Title:
Sprouting beans refining method
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
Sprouting beans refining apparatus is provided wherein refuse matters of hulls, trashes, small roots, etc. are removed of sprouting beans efficiently. Sprouting beans raked up by raking-up conveyor 1 are caused to fall down on endless flat belt 6 which is supported by vibration frame 3 inclinedly upwardly toward moving direction. Sprouting beans on the endless flat belt are sent downwardly by vibration of the vibration frame 3 to fall down on lower endless flat belt 6. Refuse matters of roots, trashes, etc. contained in the sprouting beans attach to surface of the endless flat belt 6 and are transferred together with the endless flat belt 6 to be removed off by scraper 12. Refined sprouting beans are discharged from lower end of the endless flat belt 6 of lowermost stage.



Inventors:
Suzuki, Tomosaburo (Tsukui-gun, JP)
Tazaki, Ribun (Fuchu-shi, JP)
Application Number:
09/874985
Publication Date:
12/13/2001
Filing Date:
06/07/2001
Assignee:
Daisey Machinery Co., Ltd. (Tsurugashima-shi, JP)
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
198/497, 198/752.1, 198/758
International Classes:
A23N15/00; (IPC1-7): A01D17/00; B65G27/00; B65G45/12
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Primary Examiner:
FABIAN-KOVACS, ARPAD
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
OBLON, MCCLELLAND, MAIER & NEUSTADT, L.L.P. (ALEXANDRIA, VA, US)
Claims:

What is claimed is:



1. A sprouting beans refining apparatus comprising; a vibration frame for supporting an endless flat belt, of which surface is easily wettable by water, inclinedly so as to make a moving direction thereof upward; a drive unit for driving said endless flat belt toward said moving direction; a vibration generator for giving said vibration frame vibration in a reverse direction of said moving direction of the endless flat belt so that sprouting beans on said endless flat belt are sent toward said reverse direction of the moving direction of the belt; and a scraper disposed opposingly to said endless flat belt for removing attachments to said belt.

2. A sprouting beans refining apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said endless belts, each being supported by said vibration frame and comprising said vibration generator and said scraper, are arranged in series in two or more stages.

3. A sprouting beans refining apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said endless belts, each being supported by said vibration frame and comprising said vibration generator and said scraper, are arranged in series in two or more stages in a state of upward and downward directional lamination.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] The present invention relates to an apparatus for refining sprouting beans by removing trashes, hulls, small roots and the like attached to or mixed in harvested sprouting beans.

[0003] 2. Description of the Prior Art

[0004] In the harvested sprouting beans, there are contained refuse matters of trashes or hulls of raw material beans, small or slender roots and the like in approximately 10% in weight. In order to remove these refuse matters of the harvested sprouting beans, there has been carried out in the prior art a method wherein the sprouting beans are immersed in a water tank filled with a large amount of water so that the refuse matters of hulls, trashes or the like are settled for removal.

[0005] In the prior art method, however, not only the large amount of water is needed but also there is needed a large space for placing a large water tank in a factory. Still larger problems exist such that there occur breaks of the sprouting beans in a washing process as well as the sprouting beans, while in the water, absorb water excessively so that their freshness preservation is aggravated greatly.

[0006] Thus, the applicant here has heretofore disclosed a sprouting beans refining apparatus wherein, while sprouting beans are placed on a perforated endless belt to be conveyed thereon, said endless belt is vibrated so that refuse matters of hulls, trashes and the like are removed of the sprouting beans without water being used (Japanese patent application No. Sho 54-25752). This apparatus has been very effective but it has been still in sufficient in some aspect in removing the refuse matters completely of the sprouting beans.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0007] In order to solve the problems in the prior art apparatus, it is an object of the present invention to provide a sprouting beans refining apparatus constructed in a completely different concept from the prior art so as to have performance to be able to remove refuse matters of sprouting beans cleanly to a satisfactory extent, wherein not only there is used no water tank but also there is occupied a small space only.

[0008] In order to attain said object, the present invention provides a sprouting beans refining apparatus, characterized in comprising; a vibration frame for supporting an endless flat belt, of which surface is easily wettable by water, inclinedly so as to make a moving direction thereof upward; a drive unit for driving said endless flat belt toward said moving direction; a vibration generator for giving said vibration frame vibration in a reverse direction of said moving direction of the endless flat belt so that sprouting beans on said endless flat belt are sent toward said reverse direction of the moving direction of the belt; and a scraper disposed opposingly to said endless flat belt for removing attachments to said belt.

[0009] The endless flat belt employed in the present invention is preferably a non-perforated endless flat belt but a perforated belt may be also used. Further, the endless flat belt may be used in one stage only but it is preferable to make a construction such that the endless flat belts are arranged in plural stages of two or more in series for obtaining an enhanced refining function. In this case, it will be effective for economy of space if the construction is made such that the endless flat belts are arranged in series in two or more stages in a state of upward and downward directional lamination.

[0010] The sprouting beans refining apparatus according to the present invention is constructed as mentioned above, thereby the sprouting beans supplied onto the endless flat belt are given vibration in the reverse direction of the moving direction of the endless flat belt so as to be sent thereon gradually downwardly along the inclination of the endless flat belt. At this time, due to repetition of springing and progressing on the belt, the sprouting beans may be broken off of their portions of small or slender roots. The roots so broken off or other refuse matters attached to or mixed in the sprouting beans stick to the upper surface of the endless flat belt which is wetted by water on its surface and are transferred upwardly together with movement of the endless flat belt in the reverse direction of the sprouting beans.

[0011] The refuse matters attaching to the wetted surface of the endless flat belt and transferred upwardly together with the endless flat belt are scraped off to be discharged by the scraper disposed opposingly to the endless flat belt for removing the attachments to said belt.

[0012] The sprouting beans which have come to the lower end of the endless flat belt are collected as final products as they are or are supplied onto the endless flat belt of next stage to be refined likewise for cleaner sprouting beans.

[0013] In the apparatus having plural stages of the endless flat belts, said refining operation of the sprouting beans is repeated at each of the stages so as to enhance the degree of the refinement.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0014] FIG. 1 is a side view showing construction of a sprouting beans refining apparatus of an embodiment according to the present invention.

[0015] FIG. 2 shows a link structure for supporting a vibration frame 3 vibratorily, wherein FIG. 2(a) is a side view thereof and FIG. 2(b) is a cross sectional view taken on line B-B of FIG. 2(a).

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS:

[0016] Herebelow, description will be made concretely on a sprouting beans refining apparatus of an embodiment according to the present invention with reference to FIG. 1. FIG. 1 is an entire constructional side view of a sprouting beans refining apparatus according to the present invention. In FIG. 1, numeral 1 designates a raking-up conveyor, which rakes up sprouting beans from a sprouting beans storage tank (not shown) provided below the raking-up conveyor 1. The raking-up conveyor 1 comprises an endless flat belt on which needle-like projections are planted. Numeral 2 designates an air blowing device, from which air is blown for separating the sprouting beans attached to the needle-like projections of the raking-up conveyor 1. Below the raking-up conveyor 1, there is provided a vibration frame 3 which is supported pivotably around a fulcrum 5 by a link 4.

[0017] FIG. 2 shows a link structure for supporting a vibration frame 3 vibratorily, wherein FIG. 2(a) is a side view thereof and FIG. 2(b) is a cross sectional view taken on line B-B of FIG. 2(a). As shown in FIGS. 2(a) and (b), the link 4 is an elastic or flexible member constructed such that two plate springs 21 have a holder 20 at one end thereof and another holder 20 at the other end thereof and these two holders 20 are supported by the fulcrums 5, respectively. The vibration frame 3 is arranged inclinedly about 10 degrees downwardly on the right hand side in the figure.

[0018] Two rolls 7, 8 are supported rotatably on the vibration frame 3 and a rubber-make endless flat belt 6 is wound around therebetween. The roll 8 is driven rotationally by a drive motor 9 to thereby move the endless flat belt 6 upwardly along the inclination as shown by arrow in the figure.

[0019] Below the vibration frame 3, there is provided a vibration generator 11 for vibrating the vibration frame 3. This vibration generator 11 can give vibration, for example, of frequency of 1,000 to 2,000 per minute. The vibration frame 3 is supported pivotably around the fulcrum 5 by the link 4, hence the vibration frame 3 given vibration by the vibration generator 11 moves vibratorily toward a reverse direction of a moving direction of the endless flat belt 6, as shown by white arrow in the figure. Thus, the sprouting beans on the endless flat belt 6 are sent downwardly in the reverse direction of the moving direction of the endless flat belt 6.

[0020] On the other hand, roots of the sprouting beans or other refuse matters attached to or mixed in the sprouting beans stick to an upper surface of the endless flat belt 6 having a surface wetted by water and are transferred together with the movement of the endless flat belt 6 upwardly in the reverse direction of the moving direction of the sprouting beans.

[0021] On a returning side of the endless flat belt 6, there is disposed a refuse scraper 12 in engagement with the surface of the endless flat belt 6, and below the refuse scraper 12, there is disposed a tray 13 for receiving refuses scraped off the endless flat belt 6 by the refuse scraper 12.

[0022] As shown in FIG. 1, below the vibration frame 3 described above, there are provided further vibration frames 3, in two stages, each stage having same structure as that described above comprising the endless flat belt 6, the vibration generator 11, etc. and being supported pivotably around the fulcrum 5 by the link 4. All of these vibration frames 3, etc. are supported by a frame 10 but detailed illustration of the structure thereof is omitted for easily understandable simplicity of the figure.

[0023] It is to be noted that although the vibration frames 3 are provided in three stages in the illustration, the vibration frames 3 may be provided in two stages or even in four or more stages for better refining, as the case may be. Also, in place of the vibration generator 11 of rotary type which is used for vibrating the vibration frames 3 in the illustration, a vibration generator of eccentric cam type or piston crank type, or a mechanism for throwing up inclinedly the sprouting beans using spring and lever, as disclosed in the Japanese patent application No. Sho 54-25753, may be employed.

[0024] According to the apparatus as described above, the sprouting beans can be refined in the following way.

[0025] The sprouting beans to be refined are raked up by the raking-up conveyor 1 from a storage tank (not shown) while they are disentangled of lumps of sprouting beans and then are caused to fall down on the endless flat belt 6 above the vibration frame 3.

[0026] The vibration frame 3 is given vibration by the vibration generator 11, hence, as mentioned above, the sprouting beans springing on the endless flat belt 6 are moved gradually downwardly along the inclination of the endless flat belt 6.

[0027] On the other hand, refuse matters of roots, hulls, trashes and the like contained in the sprouting beans are transferred upwardly together with the endless flat belt 6 as they attach to the surface of the endless flat belt 6 and then are scraped by the refuse scraper 8 to be discharged into the tray 13.

[0028] The sprouting beans so refined are caused to fall down on the endless flat belt 6 of lower stage from the right hand end in the figure of the endless flat belt 6 to be further refined with the refuse matters still remaining in the sprouting beans being removed and then are taken out as clean sprouting beans. Further refinement may be made, as the case may be, with the endless flat belt 6 of further lower stage being used.

[0029] In the above, the present invention has been described concretely with respect to the embodiment illustrated in the figure but the present invention is not limited thereto but, needless to mention, may be added with various modifications thereof. For example, although the inclination of the endless flat belt 6 has been described as about 10 degrees in the embodiment, said inclination may be set in an appropriately selected angle according to types and shapes of the sprouting beans to be processed.

[0030] Also, although the vibration frames 3 are disposed zigzag in the form of upward and downward directional lamination in the embodiment, the vibration frames 3 may be arranged in series laterally if space therefor is available laterally.

[0031] As mentioned above, according to the sprouting beans refining apparatus of the present invention, the sprouting beans can be refined without using water which aggravates freshness preservation of the sprouting beans.

[0032] Especially, the apparatus of the present invention is constructed uniquely such that the endless flat belt is supported by the vibration frame so as to be inclined upwardly in the moving direction thereof and roots, trashes and the like attaching to the surface of the endless flat belt are transferred upwardly together with the endless flat belt, while the sprouting beans on the endless flat belt are given vibration so as to be sent downwardly, thereby such a highly efficient refinement of the sprouting beans as has been never seen in the prior art is realized.