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US20050266290 Enzymatic fuel cell with membrane bound redox enzyme  
Still further provided is a fuel cell with an anode compartment and a cathode compartment comprising: in the anode compartment, an anode electrode and, integrated into biocompatible membrane...
US20160289577 PROCESSING BIOMASS AND PETROLEUM CONTAINING MATERIALS  
Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems can use feedstock materials, such as...
US20160293990 PROCESSING BIOMASS AND PETROLEUM CONTAINING MATERIALS  
Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems can use feedstock materials, such as...
US20070131546 Enzyme electrode  
There is provided with an enzyme electrode which can be used as a sensor with high sensitivity, a biofuel cell with high output, and an electrochemical reaction device with high reaction...
US20070131547 Enzyme electrode  
The invention provides an enzyme electrode usable as a highly sensitive sensor, a high-output bio fuel cell or an electrochemical reaction device of a high reaction efficiency. The enzyme...
US20100119920 CATHODES FOR MICROBIAL ELECTROLYSIS CELLS AND MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS  
An apparatus is provided according to embodiments of the present invention which includes a reaction chamber having a wall defining an interior of the reaction chamber and an exterior of the...
US20110171542 FUEL CELL, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, MOVABLE BODY, POWER GENERATION SYSTEM, AND COGENERATION SYSTEM  
A fuel cell which can directly extract electric power from a polysaccharide, such as starch, is provided. A fuel electrode is formed by immobilizing with an immobilizer, on an electrode comprised...
US20080292912 ELECTRODES AND METHODS FOR MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS  
Methods of improving a performance parameter of a microbial fuel cell are provided according to embodiments of the present invention which include heating an electrode and exposing the heated...
US20110251471 IMPLANTABLE POWER SOURCES AND SENSORS  
A protein is provided, including a glucose binding site, cyan fluorescent protein (CFP), and yellow fluorescent protein (YFP). The protein is configured such that binding of glucose to the glucose...
US20140004427 PROCESSING BIOMASS FOR USE IN FUEL CELLS  
Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce a carbohydrate solution that can be used in a fuel cell, e.g., a direct glucose fuel cell.
US20060147763 Upflow microbial fuel cell (UMFC)  
An upflow microbial fuel cell in one embodiment is comprised of a generally cylindrical cathode chamber containing a cathode sitting atop a generally cylindrical anode chamber containing an anode,...
US20100279178 Microbial fuel cell  
Microbial fuel cells may include anode(s), cathode(s) and a biofilm attached to at least the anode. The biofilm may include bacterial cells adapted to facilitate transfer of a plurality of...
US20070134520 METHOD AND APPARATUS OF GENERATING ELECTRIC POWER  
Power generation is performed by immobilizing an electron mediator having a standard electrode potential (E0′) at pH 7 in the range of −0.13 V to −0.28 V to one of a pair of electrodes to form an...
US20050118494 Implantable biofuel cell system based on nanostructures  
A bio-implantable electrochemical cell system for active implantable medical devices. In one embodiment, the fuel cell includes an electrode structure consisting of immobilized anode and cathode...
US20130341188 FUEL CELL AND ANALYSIS DEVICE THAT COMPRISE IT  
A fuel cell comprising: at least one microfluidic channel that allows the capillary flow of at least one suitable fluid for generating electricity, at least one receiving absorbent region coupled...
US20110236769 THREE DIMENSIONAL ELECTRODES USEFUL FOR MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS  
An electrode for use in a microbial fuel cell comprising a porous substrate and nanostructure coating, for example, a carbon nanotube coating, is provided. The electrode can be configured as...
US20100047670 ENZYME-IMMOBILIZED ELECTRODE, FUEL CELL, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, APPARTUS UTILIZING ENZYME REACTION, AND ENZYME-IMMOBILIZED SUBSTRATE  
An enzyme-immobilized electrode is provided and includes an electrode composed of porous carbon or the like, a phospholipid layer on the electrode (11), and enzymes immobilized onto the...
US20090305084 Microbial Fuel Cell and Method of Use  
A microbial fuel cell comprising a cathode module, an anode module, a means for feeding source water to the anode module, and a means for feeling air to the source water after said anode module,...
US20110311887 MICROBIAL DESALINATION CELLS  
A microbial desalination cell includes an anode, a cathode, a saline solution chamber and a cathode rinsing assembly. The anode is at least partially positioned within an anode chamber for...
US20070048577 SCALABLE MICROBIAL FUEL CELL WITH FLUIDIC AND STACKING CAPABILITIES  
A fuel cell having: a proton exchange membrane; anode and cathode housings containing chambers; a three-dimensional anode and cathode. Each housing may have a feed passage, a waste passage, and...
US20090305089 ORGANELLES IN BIOANODES, BIOCATHODES, AND BIOFUEL CELLS  
Bioanodes, biocathodes, and biofuel cells comprising an electron conductor, at least one anode organelle or cathode organelle, and an organelle immobilization material. The anode organelle is...
US20090047567 Biofuel cell, method for producing the same, electronic apparatus, enzyme-immobilized electrode, and method for producing the same  
A biofuel cell has a structure in which a cathode and an anode are opposed to each other with a electrolyte layer provided therebetween, at least one of the cathode and the anode including an...
US20080280184 FUEL CELL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING FUEL CELL, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS  
A fuel cell includes a positive electrode and a negative electrode which are opposed to each other with a proton conductor provided therebetween, and an enzyme immobilized as a catalyst on at...
US20070056852 Enzyme electrode sensor fuel cell and electrochemical reactor  
An enzyme electrode comprises a conductive member and an enzyme, wherein a first mediator and a second mediator are immobilized by a carrier onto the conductive member, the first mediator and the...
US20090136827 ENZYMES IMMOBILIZED IN HYDROPHOBICALLY MODIFIED POLYSACCHARIDES  
Bioanodes, biocathodes, biofuel cells, immobilized enzymes and immobilization materials comprising a micellar hydrophobically modified polysaccharide are disclosed. In particular, the micellar...
US20130078662 Bacillus Pumilus Bilirubin Oxidase and Applications Thereof  
The present invention relates to a novel Bacillus pumilus bilirubin oxidase, to the method for preparing same and also to the use thereof in particular for assaying bilirubin and for using...
US20120152835 FUEL CELL DEVICES FOR USE IN WATER TREATMENT AND RECLAMATION PROCESSES  
In some aspects, the disclosure provides methods and materials for generating electrical energy from wastewater treatment materials. For example, the methods involve selecting a pair of materials...
US20160028090 CATHODE FOR FUEL CELL  
A cathode for a fuel cell includes, as a binder, a copolymer of a hydrophilic monomer and at least one of a silicone-containing monomer and a silicone-containing macromonomer.
US20140038065 PHOTOSYNTHETIC ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS  
The present disclosure provides photosynthetic electrochemical cells including photosynthetic compounds and methods of generating an electrical current using the photosynthetic electrochemical cells.
US20140287328 METHOD FOR PRODUCING FUEL BATTERY, AND FUEL BATTERY AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE  
Provided is a method for producing a fuel battery in which an oxidoreductase has been fixed as a catalyst on at least one electrode of a negative electrode or a positive electrode, including...
US20080213644 SOLID POLYELECTROLYTE TYPE FUEL CELL AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME  
To provide a solid polyelectrolyte type fuel cell having excellent reliability and a method of producing the same by reducing electric interface resistance between an electrode and a solid...
US20110136022 FUEL CELL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING FUEL CELL, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, ENZYME-IMMOBILIZED ELECTRODE, BIOSENSOR, ENERGY-CONVERSION ELEMENT, CELLS, ORGANELLES, AND BACTERIA  
There are provided a fuel cell and a production method therefor in which one or more types of enzymes or further coenzymes are enclosed in a micro space so that electrons can be efficiently...
US20080248374 FUEL CELL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE  
A fuel cell includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, an enzyme including an oxidase that oxidizes a monosaccharide, the enzyme being immobilized on the negative electrode, an electron...
US20060269826 Novel electrode with switchable and tunable power output and fuel cell using such electrode  
The present invention provides a novel electrode carrying on at least a portion of its support surface a hybrid polymer matrix (HPM), a catalyst that can catalyze a redox reaction and an optional...
US20130302703 MICROBIAL FUEL CELL  
Disclosed is a high surface area electrode for use in a microbial fuel cell. In one embodiment the high surface area electrode has an electrode backing and villiated extensions attached to the...
US20110200889 FUEL CELL, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND BUFFER SOLUTION FOR FUEL CELL  
A fuel cell with which in the case where an enzyme is immobilized to at least one of a cathode and an anode, sufficient buffer ability is able to be obtained even at the time of high output...
US20150203825 Laccase of Podospora Anserina and Uses of Same  
The present invention relates to a novel laccase of Podospora anserina, to the method for preparing same and to the use thereof, particularly for delignifying paper, as a bleaching, depolluting...
US20110250511 BIOFUEL CELL  
Disclosed herein is a biofuel cell including a polymer gel reversibly swelling and contracting in response to variations in a property of a fuel solution making contact therewith, the polymer gel...
US20090202880 ELECTROCHEMICAL MEDIATORS  
A redox mediator is a hyperbranched polymer having redox moieties (e.g. ferrocene) incorporated into its structure and/or chemically bonded to its periphery. It is attached to an electrode and...
US20110039164 BIOANODE AND BIOCATHODE STACK ASSEMBLIES  
A biofuel cell device for generating electrical current. The device includes a fuel manifold having a face, and at least one cavity in the face defining a fuel reservoir, an inlet in fluid...
US20100178572 ELECTRON TRANSFER MEDIATOR MODIFIED ENZYME ELECTRODE AND BIOFUEL CELL COMPRISING THE SAME  
The present invention provides an electron transfer mediator modified enzyme electrode which can obtain a high current density and exhibit a stable electrode performance by covalently bonding an...
US20090142627 Biological Power Generator, and Method of Treating Organic Solid Pollutant-Containing Waste, a Method of Treating Organic Polymeric Substance-Containing Wastewater, a Method of Treating Organic Substance-Containing Wastewater, as Well as Apparatuses for Implementing These Treatment Methods  
Disclosed are a biological power generator comprising an anaerobic region containing microorganisms capable of growth under anaerobic conditions and an anode having an electron mediator...
US20060234110 Fuel cell using biofilms as catalyst for the cathode reaction an/or the anode reaction  
The present invention relates to a process for the treatment of at least one of the electrodes (cathode and/or anode) of a fuel cell, before the said cell is operated, and before or after the said...
US20050100779 Three dimensional polymeric fuel cell components  
A fuel cell component is described wherein a porous polymeric substrate is coated with a first conductive coating and optionally a second and third coating to enhance catalysis activity.
US20110039165 FUEL CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, ENZYME-IMMOBILIZED ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS  
There is provided a fuel cell whose current density and maintenance ratio can be improved when at least glucose dehydrogenase and diaphorase are immobilized on an anode using an immobilizing...
US20090053582 METHOD OF COATING BILIRUBIN OXIDASE  
A method of coating bilirubin oxidase (BOD) is provided and includes introducing a polymerizable functional group onto the surface of a bilirubin oxidase (BOD) molecule, and copolymerizing the...
US20110117453 FUEL REFORMER AND POWER GENERATION APPARATUS USING THE SAME  
The present invention provides a fuel reformer which enables power generation to be actually performed even in the case of using very-safe familiar things such as food and drink and food scraps as...
US20100304226 MICROBIAL FUEL CELL  
A microbial fuel cell having a pathway for passage of effluent from the anode to the cathode is provided, in addition to an ion exchange membrane between the chambers. Effluent may also pass from...
US20160329588 A METHOD FOR THE RECOVERY OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM WASTEWATER FOR GENERATING ELECTRICITY  
The present invention relates to a method of recovering organic compounds from wastewater for use in electricity generation in a microbial fuel cell, comprising the steps of: converting organic...
US20110065008 ENZYME ELECTRODE AND FUEL CELL USING THE ENZYME ELECTRODE  
Provided is an enzyme electrode in which oxidation-reduction reactions proceed with an enzyme acting as a catalyst, and the enzyme is modified to increase affinity and/or reaction rate with a...

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