Title:
Typewriter desk
United States Patent 2414433


Abstract:
This invention relates to typewriter desks. An object of this invention is to provide a typewriter desk having a typewriter well in which the typewriter is secured to a base board slidable in the desk, the base board being movable rearwardly and engageable in a rotary cradle and the cradle...



Inventors:
Bargen, William J.
Application Number:
US50353943A
Publication Date:
01/21/1947
Filing Date:
09/23/1943
Assignee:
Bargen, William J.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
312/30, 312/208.1, 312/316
International Classes:
A47B21/02
View Patent Images:



Other References:
None
Description:

This invention relates to typewriter desks.

An object of this invention is to provide a typewriter desk having a typewriter well in which the typewriter is secured to a base board slidable in the desk, the base board being movable rearwardly and engageable in a rotary cradle and the cradle being rotatable to position the typewriter in a substantially inverted position within the well.

Another object of this invention is to provide in a desk of this type, an improved top and means for holding the top with one section thereof raised.

A further object of this invention is to provide in a desk of this type a rotatable cradle for supporting the typewriter in the well, the cradle being readily removable so that the well can be cleaned, or for other purposes.

A further object of this invention is to provide a desk of this type which includes an improved means for locking the front top section in raised position.

To the foregoing objects and others which may hereinafter appear, the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be more specifically referred to and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein are shown embodiments of the invention, but it is to be understood that changes, variations and modifications may be resorted to which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

In the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a typewriter desk constructed according to an embodiment of this invention, Figure 2 is a fragmentary longitudinal section showing the front portion of the top in open position, Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical section similar to Figure 2 with the front top section in horizontal open position, Figure 4 is a fragmentary plan view of the inside of the forward portion of the desk, Figure 5 is a perspective view of the typewriter supporting cradle, Figure 6 is a fragmentary end elevation of the typewriter base board, Figure 7 is a fragmentary front elevation of the front top section looking at the inside, and Figure 8 is a perspective view of a modified form of this invention.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 10 designates generally a cabinet which is formed of opposite side panels 1 I, a rear panel 12 and supporting legs 13. A typewriter well or chamber 14 is formed in the cabinet 10 by means of an inner bottom wall 15 and a front upwardly and forwardly inclined wall 16. The bottom wall 15 extends forwardly from the rear wall 12 and the front wall 16 terminates at its upper end rearwardly of the front posts or legs and is secured to a shelf or upper wall 17 which is secured between the side walls II.

The upper wall or shelf 17 projects forwardly beyond the front legs of the cabinet and a pair of side wall extensions 18 are secured to the opposite ends of the shelf 17 and to the forward sides of the front legs of the cabinet. Bracing members 19 are secured to the inner sides of the front legs and to the lower side of the upper wall or shelf 17. The shelf or upper wall 17 constitutes a guide and support for a typewriter base 20 which is slidably engageable on the shelf 17 and is adapted to be adjusted lengthwise of the shelf 17 by engaging inwardly projecting pins 21 in selected notches or slots 22 which are formed in the base 20. Preferably, the base 20 adjacent the opposite longitudinal edges thereof and inwardly of the inner ends of the notches 22 is provided with a pair of runners 23 which slidably engage the upper side of the support of shelf 17.

The cabinet 10 on the inner side thereof has secured to the side walls 1 relatively heavy strips 24. The strips 24 have their upper edges in the same plane as the upper surfaces of the shelf 17 and each strip 24 is provided with an upwardly designated as 26 is adapted to removably engage opening notch 25. A rotatable cradle generally designated as 26 is adapted to removably engage in the aligned notches 25 and comprises a pair of side members 27 which are connected together by a connecting bar or strip 28.

The side members 27 are formed with flat upper sides 29 and cutouts 30, and with arcuate opposite ends 31 and 32. A channel 33 is formed on the inner side of each side member 27 parallel with the upper sides 29 and the forward end of the channel 33 has the lower horizontal side thereof downwardly curved, as at 34, and also has the upper side thereof upwardly curved, as at 35, to provide a forwardly flaring mouth within which the base 20 is adapted to engage. The cutouts 30 are formed in the side members 27 so as to provide for the gravity rotation of the cradle to position the channels 33 horizontal when the base 20 is disengaged therefrom.

Each side member 27 is provided with an outwardly extending trunnion or pin 36 which is rotatably engageable in a notch 25. The cradle 26 is so balanced that normally the channels 33 thereof will be disposed in a horizontal plane parallel with the base board 20 so that the base board 20 may be moved rearwardly within the channels 33. The connecting bar 28 is formed with an upwardly offset central portion 37 which constitutes a stop and which is engageable by a transversely disposed stop member 38 which is fixed to the underside of the base 20 between the rails or slide members 23. The bar 28 adjacent the opposite ends thereof is notched as at 28a so that the runners 23 may freely pass therethrough to position the base 20 on the cradle.

The rear edge of the stop member 38 is adapted to engage the upwardly offset portion 37 of the bar 28 so as to limit the rearward movement of the base 20 with respect to the cradle 26. At this time, the cradle 26 will be overbalanced to the rear and the cradle 20 with the base 20 having a typewriter T mounted thereon will swing downwardly to the dotted line position shown in Figure 2. In order to limit the rotary swinging movement of the cradle 26, I have provided a stop bar 39 which is formed as part of the front wall 16 of the well 14 adjacent the upper portion thereof. The underside and rear end of the base 20 is adapted to engage the stop bar 39 so as to hold t-he typewriter T in the inverted dotted line position shown in Figure 2 within the well 1.4.

In order to provide means whereby when the base 20 is moved forwardly to an operative position the adjustment of the base 20 may be facilitated so as to position the pins 21 in selected notches 22, the opposite edges of the base 20 at -the forward portions thereof are formed with cams 40, as shown in Figure 6, which are adapted to provide for the base 20 riding upwardly and over the pins 21 and at least initially position the pins 21 in the first or foremost notches 22.

The cabinet 10 is formed with a hinged top 41 ,comprising a rear top section 42 hinged as at 43 to the upper edge of the rear wall I . The top 41 also includes a front top section 44 which is .hinged as at 45 to the forward edge of the rear top section 42. The top 41 is counterbalanced in an open position by means of a spring pressed counterbalancing structure 46a secured to the inner sides of the side walls 1 adjacent the upper portions thereof and also secured to the underside of the rear top section 42.

An upstanding rear rail 46 is secured to the .upper side of the rear top section 42 adjacent the -rear top and is formed with an intermediate cutout 47 within which a hand may be extended to facilitate the raising of the front top section 44 when the latter -is swung rearwardly and downwardly to rest on the upwardly projecting portions 48 formed at the opposite ends of the cutout 47. The rail 46 provides a means whereby when the top 41 is raised any papers or articles resting on the rear top section 42 will not slide rearwardly and off of the rear edge of the latter section.

The front top section 44 is adapted when the typewriter T mounted on the base 20 is in a forward operative position to be locked in an upstanding rearwardly inclined position, as shown in full lines in Figure 2, by means of a pair of supporting arms 49. The supporting arms 49 are secured to the inner side of the front top section 4.4 and are preferably disposed in upwardly convergent relation,.as shown in Figure 7, and a copy ,holder member 50 which is L-shaped in transverse section is secured between the arms 49 and to the inner side of the front section 44.

The arms 49 are adapted, when the front section 44 is in copy-holding position, which is the position shown in Figure 2, to rest in notches 51 which are formed in blocks 52 secured to the inner sides of the side walls II adjacent the upper portion of the latter. The lower ends of the arms 49 are rounded off as at 53 so that they will snugly engage in the arcuate notches 51.

The blocks 52 are provided with a downwardly and rearwardly inclined arm guiding upper edge portion 53, as shown more clearly in Figure 3, and the rear ends of the blocks 53 are formed with L-shaped cutouts 54 provided with an L-shaped channel 55 communicating with the notches 25.

The cradle 26 may be lifted from the cabinet by moving the trunnions 36 upwardly out of the notches 25 and then rearwardly through the channels 55 whereupon the trunnions 36 will be free and the cradle may then be removed from the cabinet.

The front top section 44 is adapted to be locked in its upraised copy holding position by means of a pivoted locking member 56 which is pivotally mounted between an upwardly extending lug 57 and the inner side of a side wall 11. The lock or locking member 56 is pivotally mounted on a pivot member 58 extending through the lug 57 and into the adjacent side wall 11. The locking member 56 is formed with a finger engaging recess 59 and an inclined arm engaging end portion 60, as shown in Figure 2, for locking the front section 44 in its upraised copy holding position. The arms 49 may be released by swinging the locking members 56 upwardly and forwardly to the dotted line position shown in Figure 2, whereupon the front section 44 may be swung downwardly and rearwardly to engage the upwardly offset portions 48 of the rear rail 46.

Referring now to Figure 8, there is disclosed a cabinet 10a which is similar in very detail to cabinet 10 and which has secured to one side thereof a drawer cabinet, generally designated as 61. The drawer cabinet 61 is provided with a plurality of sliding drawers 62 and is formed with a flat fixed top 63 which at its forward end projects beyond the front posts 13a and the Sforward ends of the drawers 62. The outer forward corner of the top 63 is cut off on an arc, as indicated at 64, to improve the general appearance of the desk. The lower ends of the legs on the inner side of the drawer cabinet are cut -0 off even with the bottom of the drawer cabinet, but in other respects the structure shown in Figure 8 is similar to the structure 10, the details of which have been heretofore set forth.

In the use and operation of this desk structure, Sthe typewriter T is firmly secured by fastening bolts or the like to the base 20. In the operative position the typewriter T and the base 20 will be disposed in the full line position, shown in Figure 2. At this time the front top section 44 Swill be in an upstanding rearwardly inclined copy holding position and arms 49 will be resting in the notches 51 and locked against forward and upward movement by locking members 56.

In the event it is desired to dispose the typewriter T within the well 14, the top 41 is raised by swinging the rear section 42 upwardly to a position where the typewriter T will clear the forward edge of the rear top section 42. The balancing structure 46 will hold the top 41 in its upper extremity whereupon the base '20 with the typewriter secured thereto may be moved rearwardly, the rearward movement being first accomplished by raising base 20 to disengage the pins 21 from the notches 22. The base 20 will slide into the channels 33 of the balanced cradle 26 and when the stop bar 38 strikes the stop member 37, the typewriter and balanced cradle may be swung upwardly, rearwardly and downwardly to the dotted line position shown in Figure 2. As the typewriter T overbalances the cradle 26, the base 20 upon having the rear thereof swung upwardly will strike the stop member 39. At this time, the bottom of the base 20 will be below the top 41 whereupon the latter may be lowered to the full line position, shown in Fig- lo ure 1. The provision of the upwardly inclined wall 16 forming the front wall of the chamber 14 at a point rearwardly of the front of the desk and the provision of the forwardly extending supporting shelf 17 extending forwardly from the front edges of the side walls II will permit a person to dispose the knees beneath the shelf 17 without contacting the wall 16.

It will, of course, be understood that if a different machine from a typewriter is to be used with this desk and in conjunction with the typewriter, the base board 20 having a typewriter secured thereto may be lifted from the shelf I7 and the second or other machine seated on the upper side of the shelf 17 with the front top section 44 in its upraised copying position.

The desk is constructed substantially entirely out of wood having a minimum of metal, and at the same time this desk provides an improved means for concealing a typewriter when the latter is in an inoperative position. When the typewriter is in its inoperative position, the shelf 17 will be used for holding papers or other articles, and the shelf 17 forms with the closed front top section 44 a forwardly opening chamber in which articles may be placed. In the modified form of this invention, the drawer cabinet 61 is disposed on the right side of the cabinet, but it will, of course, be understood that this drawer section may be disposed on the opposite side of the typewriter cabinet 10, if desired.

This desk has been designed as a multi-purpose desk, the typewriter being shown only to illustrate one form of office machine which may be secured to the base. Other forms of office machines may be secured to the base, and it will be understood that where one machine is bolted to the base, the latter may be lifted from the cabinet and another machine positioned on the shelf 17.

The front top section 44 with the bar 50 constitutes a copy holder and may be optionally used for holding copy when the copy holder is in an elevated position, such as shown in Figure 2 or may be swung downwardly to rest on the bar 46, as shown in Figure 3, to provide additional top space for supporting papers or other articles when the desk is open.

The forward offsetting of the desk top forwardly of the front legs actually places the typewriter well back from the desk front a distance sufficient to enable the user to comfortably sit at the desk without striking the knees against the front wall of the well and the user may conveniently move inwardly or outwardly with the knees beneath the shelf 17 to properly focus the eyes on the copy supported by the copy holder.

With respect to the adjustment of the copy holder, it may be stated that the notches 51 are of such depth that the copy holder will be firmly held in raised position when the arms 49 are seated in these notches. The notches 51 are of such shape and depth that the copy holder may be quickly seated or unseated with respect to the notches, the latches or locking members 56 forming auxiliary locks to lock the copy in upraised position against downward and rearward swinging, while permitting ready downward and forward swinging of the copy holder to closed position without adjustment or release of the locking members.

The desk embodied in the modified form shown in Figure 8 by eliminating the inner legs provides for increased ankle room so that there will not be any obstructions between the outer legs to permit Sfree shifting of the user's legs and feet from the typewriter side to the drawer side of the desk.

What I claim is: 1. A desk comprising a body open at the top thereof, a top for said body, said top including front and rear top sections, means hingedly securing said rear top section to the rear portion of said body, means hingedly securing said top sections together, a pair of arms fixed to the underside of said front top section, and notched means at the sides of said body within which said arms are adapted to seat when the front top section is raised to thereby maintain the front top section in raised position.

2. A desk as set forth in claim 1 wherein said notched means are formed with downwardly and inwardly inclined upper edges extending from the notches.

3. A desk as set forth in claim 1 including pivoted locking members carried by said body for locking said arms against movement in one direction when said front top section is in raised position.

4. A typewriter desk comprising a body open at the top thereof, a top hingedly mounted at its rear on said body, said top including a rear top section, a front top section, means hingedly securing said sections together, a pair of supporting arms fixed to said front top section and extending from the rear edge thereof, and said body having means engageable with said arms for supporting said front top section in upraised rearwardly inclined position, said latter means including and each having in said body a notch in the upper edge thereof within which the end of an arm is adapted to engage, and means for locking said arms in said notches against movement in one direction.

5. A typewriter desk comprising a body open at the top thereof, a top hingedly mounted at its rear on said body, said top including a rear top section, a front top section, means hingedly securing said sections together, a pair of supporting arms fixed to said front top section and extending from the rear edge thereof, and means secured to said body engageable with said arms for supporting said front top section in upraised rearwardly inclined position, said latter means including a pair of blocks fixed to said body interiorly thereof each having a notch in the upper edge thereof within which the end of an arm is adapted to engage, a locking member for each arm, and means pivotally supporting said locking member.

6. A desk comprising a body open at the top thereof, a top for said body hingedly secured at one end to said body, said top including a rear section, a front section, means hingedly securing said sections together, a pair of supporting arms fixed to said front section in divergent relation to each other and extending outwardly towards the sides of said body, and notched means at the said body sides to receive the ends of said arms for holding said front section of said top in raised position.

WILLIAM J. BARGEN.