Title:
Insufflator
United States Patent 2185927


Abstract:
This invention relates to vaginal insufflators, and the object of the invention is to provide a highly efficient and extremely simplified device for inflating the vagina to an extent whereby folds in the walls thereof will be straightened out; and whereby a medicament in the form of a finely...



Inventors:
Shelanski, Herman A.
Application Number:
US12609437A
Publication Date:
01/02/1940
Filing Date:
02/16/1937
Assignee:
Shelanski, Herman A.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
604/215, 604/217, 604/278
International Classes:
A61M13/00; B05B11/06
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Description:

This invention relates to vaginal insufflators, and the object of the invention is to provide a highly efficient and extremely simplified device for inflating the vagina to an extent whereby folds in the walls thereof will be straightened out; and whereby a medicament in the form of a finely divided powder will be injected into the extended vaginal cavity in the form of a cloud and which will, by proper manipulation of the device, be caused to settle on all parts of the smoothened walls and on the external surfaces of the patient's anatomy immediately surrounding the vaginal orifice.

Another object of the invention is to provide the device with an insufflating nozzle and seal which may be readily detached for sterilizing after each treatment.

Another object of the invention is to provide San insufilating nozzle devoid of small openings which in devices in common use at the present time too frequently become clogged by secretions while inserting the device preliminary to treatment and by which the powder is prevented from being evenly dusted onto and uniformly distributed over the walls of the vagina.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device which can be readily applied to containers in which the powder is originally packed for distribution, thus eliminating loss and in;o convenience attending the filling of a receptacle forming part of the device from an original package.

Other objects and features of the invention will become apparent from the following description of the construction and operation of the device when taken with the accompanying drawing, of which: Fig. 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of the device attached to an original package of medicament; Fig. 2 is a plan view; and Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken on the line 3-3, Fig. 2.

As shown in Fig. 1, an original package of medicament in finely divided powdered form is shown as a glass or other jar, bottle or vial 1, and which has a wide mouth or neck 2 in the present instance provided with external screw threads 3.

o5 The device proper includes a cap 5 for the bottle I and which may be made of a suitable noncorrosive material, metal, hard rubber, Bakelite, etc. The cap 5 is internally threaded, as indicated at 4, for engagement with the threads 3 65 on the bottle I. The cap 5 carries a resilient washer 6 which is adapted to be drawn down tightly against the open end of the bottle I to make an air-tight seal between the bottle I and cap 5.

The cap 5 is provided with a head 7 from which extends in opposite directions, in the present instance, a pair of axially aligned projections 8 and 9.

The projection 8 is shaped in a well known manner to fit within one end of a tube 10. The opposite end of the tube 10 is attached to a hand bulb 1 , in the present instance, although it will be understood that the second end of the tube 10 may be connected to any desired or available source of air under pressure or means for producing an air or other gaseous pressure in the tube 10.

The tube-receiving projection 8 is axially bored at 12 from its outer end inwardly to substantially the axis of the cap 5 where said bore 12 intersects a bore 13 which extends parallel to and closely adjacent the axis of the cap 5.

Secured in the bore 13 and projecting from the cap 5 into the bottle I to a plane substantially midway between the closed bottom and open top end of the bottle I is a tube 14 which may be of non-corrosive metal, hard rubber, Bakelite, etc. and which is open at its lower or projecting end 15.

The second projection 9 on the cap 5 is threaded at 16 to receive a readily detachable nozzle 17 whereby said nozzle may be conveniently detached for sterilizing.

The projection 9 and nozzle T1 are axially bored at 18 and 19 respectively to a. uniform diameter throughout their respective lengths and in alignment one with the other.

The bore 18 in the projection 9 communicates and in the present instance intersects with a bore 20 formed in the head 7 of the cap 5 and which is disposed parallel to and immediately adjacent the axis of the cap 5. The bore 20 is of equal diameter to the bore 17-18 and is preferably disposed with its axis in a common plane with the axis of the tube 14, one at one side of the axis of the cap 5 and the other at the opposite side of said axis and both located as close to the axis of the cap and to each other as possible or practical from a manufacturing point of view. i The nozzle 19 is provided with a circular enlargement or collar 2 1, which may be formed integral with the nozzle 19 or rigidly or adjustably secured therein as indicated at 23, if desired.

The collar 21 is preferably tapered toward one end and provided with a circular flange 22 adjacent its opposite end. A bell-shaped resilient cup 25 is firmly seated at its smaller end 24 on the tapered body of the collar 2 and is snugly seated against the flange 22, the outwardly flaring end 23 projecting backwardly over the nozzle 9I toward the bottle I or cap 5.

The bell-shaped cup 25 is of such proportions or made in a variety of sizes that its external surface will fit snugly within the external orifice of the vaginal cavity to seal the same against ingress and egress of air, etc. to and from the interior of the vagina during the insufflating operations.

The single bore 19 of the nozzle 17 is of such a diameter that it will not become clogged by secretions during the inserting thereof or subsequently and which will conduct the finely divided powder while in suspension in air or other gaseous vehicle to the extreme end 30 of the nozzle at which the powder will emerge from the nozzle in the form of a cloud.

The powder propelled by the gaseous vehicle will be carried into contact with the walls of the vagina which have been ballooned or smoothened or straightened out by pressure built up within the vagina, sealed by the guard 25 by the pressure of the gaseous vehicle supplied through the nozzle T7.

31 The gaseous vehicle is supplied through the bore 12 of the cap 5 and enters the bottle I through the tube 14. The lower end of the tube. by being located down well in the bottle I, causes the gaseous vehicle passing therethrough to imt3 pinge upon the powder in the bottle 1. This causes the gaseous vehicle to whirl in the bottle around the tube 14 and thereby agitate and carry along the finely divided particles of powder. The swirl of the air and powder suspended therein around the tube 14 passes upwardly in the bottle I and enters the bore 20 in the cap 5, from which the eddy currents of gaseous medium enters the bore 18 of the projection 9 and passes into the bore 12 of the nozzle 17, from which it emerges in the form of a cloud as above noted.

After this procedure has been followed for a desirable length of time, the nozzle is withdrawn sPghtly, breaking the seal produced by the guard 25. The pressure in the ballooned vagina, thereby is permitted to escape around the rim of the guard 25 and in so doing the cloud of medicated powder is caused to settle on the surfaces, etc. immediately surrounding the external orifice of the vagina.

s5 After the treatment is completed, the nozzle IT may be readily removed from the cap 5 by unscrewing at 18 and the guard 25 may be readily slipped off the nozzle 7I so that they may be separately sterilized when desired.

O0 While the device above described is made primarily for the treatment of humans, it may be produced in various sizes for the treatment of animals from the smallest to the largest.

I claim: 1. An insufflator comprising a container for finely divided powder; a cap on said container having an inlet passage therein, including a straight portion extending radially from a point near the center of the cap to the exterior surface of the cap and a straight portion extending axially of said cap and having its inner end communicating with the straight portion of said inlet passage and its outer end communicating with the interior of said container, the outer end of the straight portion of said inlet passage adapted for connection to a source of gaseous fluid under pressure, said cap having an outlet passage therein including a straight portion extending radially from a point near the center of the cap to the exterior surface of the cap and a straight portion extending axially of said cap and having its inner end communicating with the straight portion of said outlet passage and its outer end communicating with the interior of said container; and a tube connected to the outer end of the axially positioned portion of the inlet passage in the cap and extending into said container a substantial distance below said cap, whereby the gaseous fluid under pressure flows through said tube and into the container to force the powder therein through the outlet passage in said cap.

2. An insufflator as defined in claim 1 and including a nozzle having a straight passage therein communicating with the outlet passage in the cap, with the straight passage in the nozzle in axial alignment with the straight outer portion of the outlet passage in the cap.

3. An insufflator comprising a container for finely divided powder; a cap on said container having an inlet passage therein, including a straight portion extending radially from a point near the center of the cap to the exterior surface of the cap and a straight portion extending axially of said cap and having its inner end communicating with the straight portion of said inlet passage and its outer end communicating with the interior of said container, the outer end of the straight portion of said inlet passage adapted for connection to a source of gaseous fluid under 6, pressure, said cap having an outlet passage therein including a straight portion extending radially from a point near the center of the cap to the exterior surface of the cap and a straight portion extending axially of said cap and having its inner r end communicating with the straight portion of said outlet passage and its outer end communicating with the interior of said container; a, tube connected to the outer end of the axially positioned portion of the inlet passage in the cap and extending into said container a substantial distance below said cap; a nozzle connected to the cap and communicating with the outer end of the outlet passage in the cap; a vaginal seal adjustable along the nozzle; and means for rigidly securing said seal in a predetermined position relative to the outer end of the nozzle.

HERMAN A. SHELANSKI.