Title:
Combined automatic phonograph and radio
United States Patent 2165713


Abstract:
This invention relates to portable phonographs and more particularly to means incorporated in the structure adapted to store records when the phonograph is being carried and to receive ; records discharged by record changing means when the phonograph is being played. A major object of the...



Inventors:
Meyer, Lehman
Application Number:
US10464836A
Publication Date:
07/11/1939
Filing Date:
10/08/1936
Assignee:
Meyer, Lehman
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
312/200, 312/300, 312/310, 369/75.11
International Classes:
G11B17/022; G11B31/00
View Patent Images:



Description:

This invention relates to portable phonographs and more particularly to means incorporated in the structure adapted to store records when the phonograph is being carried and to receive ; records discharged by record changing means when the phonograph is being played.

A major object of the invention is to provide a compact record changing portable phonograph having novel means for both storing and for io handling records discharged from the turntable of said phonograph, said means being at all times attached to the phonograph.

More specifically the invention seeks to provide a portable phonograph having a tray hinged .; to one of the walls thereof, said tray being adapted to assume a nondisplaceable position within the confines of the phonograph when said phonograph is being carried and in said position being adapted to store a quantity of records; i said tray also being adapted to be swung to a position without the confines of said phonograph and in said position being adapted to receive records discharged from the turntable of said phonograph while it is being played and while -- the case of said phonograph is completely closed.

Another important feature resides in means for storing records within the phonograph without, however, loading them upon the turntable and spindle thereof and thereby obviating the possibility of springing said spindle out of its true position or inadvertently similarly bending the turntable.

Another feature of the invention resides in the provision of a hinged wall or flap which is 3 normally closed but which is moved to an open position for the passage of records from the turntable to the tray either by a record or by means moving in advance of said record.

Still another feature of the invention resides 1n in the provision of means on the record receiving means for preventing inadvertent jumping or bouncing of a record which is being discharged from the phonograph into said record receiving means.

A further object of the invention is to arrange the record storing means within the phonograph casing in such a manner as to prevent complete closure of the cover of said casing should one or more records be unintentionally left upon the ;0 turntable.

For a more complete understanding of the purposes of the present invention reference is had to my co-pending application Number 16,142, filed April 13, 1935, upon which applica5, tion the present invention is an improvement.

With the foregoing features, objects, and advantages in mind, the present invention resides in the novel combination and arrangement such as illustrated in the accompanying drawing which is described in greater detail in the fol- f lowing specification.

In the drawing: Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a portable phonograph as herein contemplated, arranged in record playing condition. Fig. 2 is a top plan view, partly in section, showing the phonograph arranged in portable condition.

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view through the center of the turntable and the record handling tray in the above-mentioned condition.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary cross-sectional detail view of a modified form of construction.

In greater detail the phonograph comprises a main box or casing portion 5, which is adapted to house the means for operating the turntable and such other devices for electrically reproducing and amplifying the sound produced by a record and emanating through the grill or the like 6. Since, in order to minimize needle scratch or other extraneous noises when a record is being played, it is desired to maintain the phonograph housing completely closed during the playing of a record, the box 5 is provided with a cover 7 :i hinged at 8, said cover portion, along one of the lateral walls thereof, being provided with a flap 9 preferably hinged at 10 to said lateral wall I1.

It will be noted that this flap forms a portion of said wall II and together with the cover 7 serves 3 to completely enclose the interior of the box 6.

The box 5 is provided with a floor or platform 12 upon which is mounted a turntable 13 having a spindle 14. Also mounted upon this platform is a tonearm or electric pick-up 15 mounted for pivotal movement on the pedestal IS. Means for shifting a record from said turntable is shown at 17, said means including an arm 18 which acts to open the flap 9 in advance of the record while being shifted. The mechanism which effects the discharge of a record is of such nature as to require a considerable space between the turntable 13 and the top wall of the cover 7. The present design therefore takes advantage of this fact by utilizing this space for the storing of records and thereby obviating the possibility of damaging the turntable or spindle when a deadweight mass of records is placed thereon.

As will be noted from Figures 2 and 3, a tray 50 generally designated at 19 is hinged as at 20 to the box 5, and is adapted to overstand the turntable 13 in the mentioned space. This tray is formed with an intermediate wall 21 which diS vides the tray into the two compartments 22 and 23. The compartment 22 is preferably provided with an overstanding portion 24, and the compartment 23 is provided with a hinge cover member 25 held in position by snap fastener means such as shown at 26.

One of the side walls of the tray is provided with a notch 27 adapted to accommodate the mentioned record moving means 18 when the tray is in the position shown in Figures 2 and 3. Also, the tray is provided at its free end with an overstanding lip 28 which is adapted to engage the top of the tone arm or pick-up 15, and this lip together with the lateral walls II a of the cover 7 prevents the pick-up 15 from becoming inadvertently displaced while the phonograph is being carried by its handle 31.

It will be noted that when the tray is housed within the cover 7, that it overstands the turntable 13 and is held in nondisplaceable position within said cover by having a portion 29 in contact with the platform 12, and another portion 30 having contact with the inside of the top wall of said cover 7, and while in this position said tray is arranged, in its compartment 23, to carry a quantity of records R when the phonograph is being carried by its handle 31.

It will also be seen that the portion 24 of the tray overstands the turntable, being spaced therefrom a distance less than the thickness of a record. Hence, should one or more records be unintentionally left upon the turntable, the portion 29 will not come to rest upon the platform 12 and the tray will assume an angle position which will prevent closure of the cover 7.

0 When it is desired to play the phonograph, the cover 7 is raised so that the tray 19 may be swing around its hinges 20 to the position shown in Figure 1. The portion 30 may come to rest upon the same base which supports the casing :> 5, but it is preferred however, to allow the free edge of the tray wall 32 to bear against the casing 5 so that the tray assumes a slightly angled condition. The records are then placed upon the turntable 13 and the cover 7 is closed after the turntable has been started rotating, and the tonearm or reproducer placed on the topmost record.

The tray 19 is now in a position to receive a record after it has been played and which is removed from the stack by the means 17. It is, of course, understood that the flap 9 is raised during such movement of the record either by the record itself or by said arm 18 so that it may slide gently and without jar into the compartment 22 of the tray which is now positioned upmost.

The top edge of the wall 32 is rounded as shown, to permit smooth and uninterrupted movement of the record and the lip 24 now functions to counteract the jump or bounce which is inherent in the spinning record which is being ejected. In this manner, a record is smoothly and safely guided into the tray compartment 22.

As shown in Figure 4, the portion 30 may be omitted and, therefor may be substituted a portion 30a carried by the cover 7. The omission of said portion 30 now assures a tilted position of the tray 19 when disposed without the casing for the reason, as previously stated, that ejected records more smoothly seek their position in a tray which is thus tilted. From the foregoing it can be seen that a wholly desirable device has been provided for the purpose intended and it is also apparent that immaterial changes in constructions and in the design of the parts can be made by skilled persons. For this reason the prior art rather than the specific disclosure here presented should form the basis of interpretation of the scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.

I claim: i5 1. In a portable phonograph for playing and discharging in succession records from a stack on the turntable, a casing having a hinged cover, a record tray reversibly hinged to said casing and swingable selectively to a position entirely -, within or to a position entirely outside of said casing, said tray being provided with a substantially central wall dividing said tray into two compartments, one of said compartments being for the storage of records when said tray is disposed entirely within the casing, and the other of said compartments being for the reception of records discharged from the record stack when the tray is disposed outside of the casing.

2. In a portable phonograph for playing and :' discharging in succession records from a stack on the turntable, a casing, a cover hinged to said casing, a flap hinged to said cover and constituting a part of one of the walls thereof, means for storing records, said means being hinged to said .5 casing in proximate relation to said flap, and swingable on its hinge to be positioned wholly within the casing and beneath the cover, said means being also swingable to be positioned without the casing for receiving records discharged i thereinto from the stack, means for casting off and ejecting the played records, the mentioned flap being freely swingable, and movable by the record ejecting means, to permit passage of said records.

3. In a portable phonograph of the type described, a record tray reversibly hinged adjacent the phonograph turntable, said tray having a substantially central wall forming two compartments in said tray, one of said compartments .0 being provided with a hinged cover and adapted to store records when the phonograph is not being played, and the other of said compartments for receiving records from the phonograph when said phonograph is being played. 4. In a portable phonograph for playing and discharging in succession records from a stack on the turntable, a casing having a hinged cover, a record tray reversibly hinged to said casing and swingable selectively to a position entirely within or to a position entirely outside of said casing, said tray comprising a wall on which records may rest, raised side walls adapting one side of said tray for the reception of records discharged from the record stack when the tray is ( disposed outside the casing and the other side of said tray having means to facilitate the storage of records when said tray is disposed entirely within the casing.

MEYER LEHMAN.