Title:
PIGMENT MIXTURE
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The present invention relates to a pigment mixture based on spherical particles having a defined particle-size distribution, and to the use thereof in paints, coatings, printing inks, security printing inks, plastics, ceramic materials, glasses, in cosmetic formulations, as tracer, as filler and for the preparation of pigment preparations and dry preparations.



Inventors:
Klein, Sylke (Rossdorf, DE)
Heider, Lilia (Gernsheim, DE)
Lorenz, Carsten (Darmstadt, DE)
Schoen, Sabine (Herten, DE)
Application Number:
14/333608
Publication Date:
01/22/2015
Filing Date:
07/17/2014
Assignee:
MERCK PATENT GMBH (Darmstadt, DE)
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
106/444
International Classes:
A61K8/02; A61K8/19; A61K8/25; A61K8/29; A61Q1/02; A61Q1/10; A61Q1/12; A61Q19/00
View Patent Images:



Other References:
Hillgatner CN 1318092 A hereafter
Primary Examiner:
YOUNG, MICAH PAUL
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MILLEN, WHITE, ZELANO & BRANIGAN, P.C. (2200 CLARENDON BLVD. SUITE 1400 ARLINGTON VA 22201)
Claims:
1. A pigment mixture comprising at least two components A and B: component A is spherical base particles having a particle-size distribution D90 of uncoated particles of 0.5-15 μm, said particles being coated on their surface firstly with TiO2 and subsequently with SiO2, and component B is spherical base particles having a particle-size distribution D90 of uncoated particles of 0.5-15 μm, said particles being coated on the surface firstly with TiO2 and subsequently with iron oxide or with a mixture of TiO2 and iron oxide.

2. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the spherical base particles are magnesium silicate, aluminium silicate, alkali-metal aluminium silicates, alkaline-earth metal aluminium silicates, SiO2 spheres, glass beads, hollow glass beads, nylon, aluminium oxide beads, polymeric beads comprising ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers, ethylene-methacrylate copolymers, HDI-trimethylol hexyl lactone copolymers, nylon, polyacrylates, polymethyl methacrylate copolymers, polyethylene, polymethylsilsesquioxanes or mixtures thereof.

3. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the spherical base particles of component A and/or B are SiO2.

4. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the spherical particles of component A and component B each consist of SiO2.

5. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the iron oxide of component B is Fe2O3.

6. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein component A is coated on the surface with TiO2 in anatase modification.

7. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the TiO2 layer of component A has a layer thickness of 10-500 nm.

8. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the SiO2 layer of component A has a layer thickness of 10-500 nm.

9. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein component B is coated on the surface with TiO2 in anatase modification.

10. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the TiO2 layer of component B has a layer thickness of 50-400 nm.

11. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the iron oxide layer of component B has a layer thickness of 5-300 nm.

12. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein the mixture of TiO2 and iron oxide of component B has a layer thickness of 55-700 nm.

13. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein components A and B are mixed in a weight ratio of 99:1 to 90:10.

14. The pigment mixture according to claim 1, wherein component A and/or component B additionally has an outer protective layer in increasing light, temperature or weather stability compared to pigment without said layer.

15. A process for the preparation of the pigment mixture according to claim 1, comprising covering the spherical particles of components A and B with one or more coatings by wet-chemical coating or by a CVD or PVD process, and component A and component B are subsequently mixed with one another.

16. In paints, coatings, printing inks, security printing inks, plastics, ceramic materials, glasses, in cosmetic formulations, tracers, fillers or dry preparations comprising a pigment, the improvement wherein the pigment comprises a pigment of claim 1.

17. A formulation comprising the pigment mixture according to claim 1, and at least one absorbent, astringent, antimicrobial substance, antioxidant, antiperspirant, antifoaming agent, antidandruff active compound, antistatic, binder, biological additive, bleach, chelating agent, deodorizer, emollient, emulsifier, emulsion stabilizers, dye, humectant, film former, filler, fragrance, flavor, insect repellent, preservative, anticorrosion agent, cosmetic oil, solvent, oxidant, vegetable constituent, buffer substance, reducing agent, surfactant, propellant gas, opacifier, UV filter, UV absorber, denaturing agent, viscosity regulator, perfume or vitamin.

Description:

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a pigment mixture based on spherical particles having a defined particle-size distribution, and to the use thereof in paints, coatings, printing inks, security printing inks, plastics, ceramic materials, glasses, in cosmetic formulations, as tracers, as fillers and for the preparation of pigment preparations and dry preparations.

The term pigments is applied to colorants which are insoluble in the application medium. Typical examples of organic pigments are phthalocyanines, diketopyrrolopyrroles, azo pigments and quinacridones. Of the inorganic pigments, mention may be made of the various types of iron oxides or also ultramarine. Pigments are generally distinguished from dyes, which are soluble in the application medium, by higher chemical and photochemical stability.

Fillers can be regarded as a special form of pigments. In the case of fillers, the “coloring” function is not at the forefront. In the case of industrial fillers, factors such as the increase in the mechanical stability, the abrasion resistance, the weather stability or also the production costs are instead crucial for their use.

Fillers are also widely used in cosmetic formulations. For example, powders may comprise up to 50% of fillers, based on the final formulation. Typical values are 10-15% of fillers in lipsticks and 2-6% of fillers in emulsions. Cosmetic fillers fulfil completely different functions: in foundations, they prevent an undesired greasy sheen on the skin due to the so-called matting effect, while in powders they help, for example, to improve the pouring behavior or the application properties to the skin. In deodorant products, the high liquid absorption capacity of some fillers is utilized.

Before their use in the system to be pigmented, fillers or pigments in cosmetics have to be brought into a form which facilitates easy dispersion and a reproducible color. These pretreatments of the pigments, for example grinding, which have a crucial influence on the quality of the end product are time-consuming and expensive. It is furthermore disadvantageous that the color of the pigment is changed on wetting. For cosmetic formulations, the pigments must additionally have a good skin feel, which the classical fillers only exhibit to a small extent.

Fillers based on spherical particles, in particular SiO2 spheres, are increasingly being employed in cosmetics, since they impart a natural appearance on human skin on the one hand and can make wrinkles less visible on the other hand.

Inorganic spherical fillers which are covered with a coloring layer are known, for example, from the published specifications JP 62-288662, JP 11-139926, JP 11-335240 and DE 199 29 109.

WO 00/15720 discloses a pigment mixture based on spherical SiO2 particles having high light diffusion, where some of the SiO2 spheres are coated with TiO2 and SiO2 and the others are coated with TiO2 and Fe2O3.

WO 99/66883 describes SiO2 spheres which are coated with metal oxides, such as titanium oxide, iron oxide or zinc oxide, and have a final SiO2 layer. The SiO2 spheres coated in this way are employed in cosmetic formulations as a mixture with interference pigments.

The fillers based on SiO2 spheres which are known from the prior art exhibit a relatively good skin feel, but have the disadvantage that they have an excessively high scattering capacity. The reason for this can be found in the structure of the metal-oxide layers of the spherical fillers. The functional pigments from the prior art generally consist of very small particles, i.e. they have particle sizes of 0.5-100 nm, which cover the surface of the carrier spheres in a uniform arrangement. Light is reflected at the layer surface, causing gloss. At the same time, however, a considerable degree of scattering occurs since individual particles form on the layer and act as strong centers of scattering. As a consequence of these two opposing effects (gloss and scattering), the pigments have a white and unnatural appearance on the skin.

The present invention therefore provides a functional pigment which, besides a good skin feel, simultaneously has good dispersibility in cosmetic formulations, chemical and photochemical stability and a pure color matched to the skin. In addition, the pigment should, when applied to the skin as a pure powder, in creams, emulsions, foundations and the like, exhibit a soft and uniform and natural appearance of the skin. It is furthermore desired for the pigment to impart a slight increase in the firmness, in particular of liquid and pasty preparations, and to guarantee the stability of the preparation. This makes it significantly easier to distribute the cosmetic preparations on the skin. Thus, high-viscosity creams, i.e. solid foundations, can be prepared which nevertheless have very good distribution ability on the skin or very good removal behavior on removal from the container.

Besides these product properties, the invention also provides simple industrial preparation of the pigment. It is possible to monitor the setting of certain properties, such as, for example, the hiding power and the specifically adjustable color intensity, of the pigment in a simple manner in the course of the preparation process.

Surprisingly, it has been found that pigment mixtures based on spherical particles having a defined particle-size distribution which are coated on the surface with TiO2+SiO2 or TiO2+iron oxide allow better adjustment of the hiding power and a significantly more natural appearance of the skin and in addition have a better skin feel than the fillers/pigments from the prior art. In addition, the pigment mixture according to the invention exhibits the desired influence on the texture and stability, i.e. it slightly increases the viscosity of emulsions or the firmness of foundations without adversely affecting the application properties, and at the same time it maintains the stability of the preparation.

The invention therefore relates to a pigment mixture based on spherical particles, characterised in that it comprises at least two components A and B, where

    • component A is based on spherical particles having a particle-size distribution D90 of the uncoated particles of 0.5-15 μm, where the particles are coated on the surface firstly with TiO2 and subsequently with SiO2, and
    • component B is based on spherical particles having a particle-size distribution D90 of the uncoated particles of 0.5-15 μm, where the particles are coated on the surface firstly with TiO2 and subsequently with iron oxide or with a mixture of TiO2 and iron oxide.

The spherical pigments according to the invention exhibit

    • a more natural color-matched appearance of the skin
    • easier dispersibility
    • improved processability
    • a hiding power which can be adjusted within broad limits
    • an improved skin feel
    • an improved texture of the cosmetic preparations
    • improved application behavior of the cosmetic formulations compared with the pigments from the prior art.

The invention furthermore relates to the use of the pigment mixture according to the invention in paints, coatings, preferably in industrial coatings, printing inks, security printing inks, plastics, ceramic materials, glasses, as tracer, as filler and in particular in cosmetic formulations. Furthermore, the pigments according to the invention are also suitable for the preparation of pigment preparations and for the preparation of dry preparations, such as, for example, granules, pearlets, chips, pellets, sausages, briquettes, etc. The dry preparations are used, in particular, in printing inks and in cosmetics.

Suitable base substrates are spherical particles, as are, for example, commercially available, inter alia from Sunjin Chemicals, Kobo, Ikeda, Asahi Glass, Miyoshi, Omega Materials, 3M, ABC NanoTech, China New Technology, PQ Corporation, Sibelco or Evonik. Preferred spherical particles are selected from the group magnesium silicate, aluminium silicate, alkali-metal aluminium silicates, alkaline-earth metal aluminium silicates and combinations thereof, SiO2 spheres, glass beads, hollow glass beads, aluminium oxide and polymeric beads comprising ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers, ethylene-methacrylate copolymers, HDI-trimethylol hexyl lactone copolymers, nylon, polyacrylates, polymethyl methacrylate copolymers, polyethylene, polymethylsilsesquioxanes and combinations thereof.

Particularly preferred spherical substrates are SiO2 spheres, as are commercially available, for example, under the trade names SUNSIL, MSS-500, SHERON, SUNSPHERE, Silicabeads SB, OMEGA-SIL, OMEGA-Spheres, SPHERICEL, Q-Cel, Ceramic Microspheres, Glasbubbles iM-K, SILNOS, SS-T4, SORBOSIL, AEROSIL, Flo-Beads, BPD, Daiamid, MSP, TOSPEARL.

The BET surface area, determined by nitrogen absorption, of the suitable spherical base particles is generally 1-1000, preferably 10-750, in particular 20-550 m2/g. The BET surface area in this patent application is determined in accordance with DIN ISO 9277: 2003-05.

The spherical base substrates of the pigment mixture according to the invention preferably have a particle diameter in the range 0.1-100 μm, in particular 0.3-60 μm and very particularly preferably 0.5-15 μm. The particles of components A and B here may be identical or different. The particles of components A and B are preferably identical both in their composition and also in the particle-diameter distribution and in the D90 value and merely have a different coating on the respective surface.

The D90 value indicates the maximum particle diameter, determined by means of laser diffraction, of 90% by vol. of the particles; i.e., 90% by volume of the particles have a diameter of the D90 value, or less.

Coating(s) in this patent application is taken to mean the complete covering of the spherical base particles in each case with TiO2 and SiO2 in the case of component A and in each case with TiO2 and iron oxide in the case of component B.

The spherical base particles of component A are coated on the surface (1st layer)with TiO2. The TiO2 here can be in the rutile or anatase modification, preferably in the anatase form. The TiO2 layer preferably has a layer thickness of 10-500 nm, in particular 25-400 nm and very particularly preferably 50-300 nm. The layer thickness here is not dependent only on the coating parameters, but instead also on the sphere size of the base spheres. The smaller the spheres and thus the sphere surface area, the thicker the applied TiO2 layer for the same coating parameters present. Merely a doubling of the sphere diameter can result in a halving of the TiO2 layer thickness, which is in the above-mentioned range of the particle-size distribution from 0.5-15 μm.

An SiO2 layer is subsequently applied to the TiO2 layer. This final SiO2 layer serves, inter alia, for improving the dispersibility, the chemical and photochemical stability and the skin feel. The SiO2 layer preferably has a layer thickness of 10-500 nm, in particular 25-400 nm and very particularly preferably 50-300 nm.

The spherical base particles of component B are coated on the surface (1st layer) with TiO2. The TiO2 here can be in the rutile or anatase modification, preferably in the anatase form. An iron oxide layer, for example comprising Fe2O3 or Fe3O4, preferably an Fe2O3 layer, is subsequently applied to the TiO2 layer. The layer thicknesses of the TiO2 and iron oxide layers here may be identical or different.

The TiO2 layer preferably has a layer thickness of 50-400 nm, in particular 200-400 nm and very particularly preferably 100-200 nm. The iron oxide layer preferably has layer thicknesses of 5-300 nm, in particular 10-200 nm and very particularly preferably 20-100 nm. Depending on the layer thickness and the subsequent calcination, various colors from yellow, brown to red shades can be set.

However, the coating of component B may also be a mixture of TiO2 and iron oxide. This mixture preferably consists of TiO2/Fe2O3 and/or of pseudobrookite Fe2TiO5. The TiO2/iron oxide mixture preferably has a layer thickness of 55-700 nm and very particularly preferably 120-300 nm.

Particularly preferred components A and B of the pigment mixture according to the invention have the following covering on the surface:

    • spherical base substrate+TiO2+SiO2
    • spherical base substrate+TiO2+Fe2O3
    • spherical base substrate+TiO2/Fe2O3
    • spherical base substrate+Fe2TiO5.

The pigments of component A and the pigments of component B can be mixed with one another in any ratio. For color optimization in the particular application, preference is given to a mixing ratio (parts by weight) of component A to component B of 99:1 to 90:10, in particular 98.5:1.5 to 95:5 and very particularly preferably 98:2 to 96:4. The mixing ratio here is based on the weight.

The pigment mixture according to the invention generally has an oil absorption value of 10-200 g/100 g, in particular 20-200 g/100 g, very particularly preferably 50-150 g/100 g. The oil absorption value in this patent application is determined in accordance with DIN ISO 787/5-1980 (E).

The pigment mixtures according to the invention improve, in particular, the texture of cosmetics by achieving easier application and more uniform distribution on the skin and improving the skin feel. Since the pigment mixture according to the invention is built up on a non-toxic mineral basis and comprises predominantly inorganic components, it is very well tolerated by the skin.

The covering of the spherical base particles can be carried out in a one-pot process. The pigments according to the invention can be prepared relatively simply in various ways. The spherical particles can be covered with one or more coatings by wet-chemical coating or by the CVD or PVD process.

The covering of the spherical base particles of component A and/or B is preferably carried out in the wet-chemical method by hydrolytic deposition of the metal oxides or metal hydroxides from salt solutions thereof.

The metal-oxide layers on the spherical particles of component A or component B are preferably applied by wet-chemical methods, where in general the wet-chemical coating methods developed for the preparation of pearlescent pigments can be used. Methods of this type are described, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 3,087,828, U.S. Pat. No. 3,087,829, U.S. Pat. No. 3,553,001, DE 14 67 468, DE 19 59 988, DE 20 09 566, DE 22 14 545, DE 22 15 191, DE 22 44 298, DE 23 13 331, DE 25 22 572, DE 31 37 808, DE 31 37 809, DE 31 51 343, DE 31 51 354, DE 31 51 355, DE 32 11 602, DE 32 35 017, DE 196 18 568, EP 0 659 843, or also in further patent documents and other publications known to the person skilled in the art.

In the case of wet-chemical coating, the spherical particles of component A or component B are suspended in water, and one or more hydrolyzable metal salts are added at a pH which is suitable for hydrolysis, which is selected so that the metal oxides or metal oxide hydrates are precipitated directly onto the spheres. The pH is usually kept constant by simultaneous metered addition of a base or acid. The pigments are subsequently separated off, washed and dried, preferably at 50-350° C., in particular at 80-150° C., and optionally calcined, where the calcination temperature can be optimised with respect to the coating present in each case. In general, the calcination temperatures are between 250 and 1100° C., preferably between 350 and 900° C. Depending on the calcination temperature, hues in yellow, brown and red can be achieved. In particular at calcination temperatures >700° C., the yellow shades predominate, since mixed oxides form from titanium oxide and iron oxide, for example pseudobrookite, in the case of component B.

If desired, the pigments can be separated off after application of individual coatings, washed and optionally calcined and then re-suspended again for the precipitation of the further layers or in order to establish the final hue, for example addition of the TiO2/Fe2O3-coated spherical particles to the TiO2/SiO2-coated particle suspension.

The coating can furthermore also be carried out by gas-phase coating in a fluidized-bed reactor, where, for example, the processes proposed in EP 0 045 851 and EP 0 106 235 for the preparation of pearlescent pigments can be used correspondingly.

For the application of a final SiO2 layer, the process described in DE 196 18 569 is preferably used. For the production of the SiO2 layer, sodium or potassium water-glass solution is preferably employed.

When the desired amount of the layer material has precipitated, the reaction is interrupted, and a pH which is suitable for work-up, for example pH 5, is set.

For work-up, the coated spherical particles are filtered off, washed with water and preferably dried at temperatures of 50-150° C. for a period of 1-20 h and optionally calcined at temperatures of 350-950° C. for 0.1-2 h. Finally, the pigment of component A or component B or the pigment mixture is sieved. In the final step, the separately worked-up components A and B are mixed with one another in the desired ratio if the mixing was not already carried out—as described above—in suspension.

The hue and hiding power of components A and B can be varied within broad limits through the different choice of the coating materials and the coverage rates or the layer thicknesses resulting therefrom and the calcination temperatures used. Fine tuning for a certain hue can be achieved, beyond the pure choice of amounts, by approaching the desired color under visual or measurement-technology control.

In order to increase the light, water and weather stability, it is frequently advisable, depending on the area of application, to subject the pigment of component A or component B to post-coating or post-treatment. Suitable post-coating or post-treatment methods are, for example, those described in German patent 22 15 191, DE-A 31 51 354, DE-A 32 35 017 or DE-A 33 34 598. This post-coating further increases the chemical and photochemical stability or makes handling of the pigment mixture, in particular incorporation into various media, easier. In order to improve the wettability, dispersibility and/or compatibility with the application media, functional coatings comprising Al2O3 or ZrO2 or mixtures thereof can be applied to the pigment surface. Furthermore, organic post-coatings are possible, for example with silanes, as described, for example, in EP 0090259, EP 0 634 459, WO 99/57204, WO 96/32446, WO 99/57204, U.S. Pat. No. 5,759,255, U.S. Pat. No. 5,571,851, WO 01/92425 or in J. J. Ponjeé, Philips Technical Review, Vol. 44, No. 3, 81 ff. and P. H. Harding, J. C. Berg, J. Adhesion Sci. Technol. Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 471-493.

The invention also relates to a process for the preparation of the pigment mixture according to the invention.

The pigment mixture according to the invention is compatible with a multiplicity of color systems, preferably from the area of paints, coatings and printing inks. A multiplicity of binders, in particular water-soluble products, as marketed, for example, by BASF, Marabu, Pröll, Sericol, Hartmann, Gebr. Schmidt, Sicpa, Aarberg, Siegwerk, GSB-Wahl, Follmann, Ruco or Coates Screen INKS GmbH, are suitable for the preparation of printing inks for, for example, gravure printing, flexographic printing, offset printing or offset overprint varnishing. The printing inks can be water-based or solvent-based.

Particularly effective effects, such as smoothing of surfaces and levelling-out of unevenness (wrinkles, pores, recesses, microcracks, etc.), can be achieved with the pigment mixture according to the invention in the particle-size range of 0.5-15 μm indicated in the various application media, for example in cosmetic formulations, such as, for example, nail varnishes, lipsticks, compact powders, gels, lotions, soaps, toothpaste, in paints, in industrial coatings and powder coatings, and in plastics and in ceramics.

Owing to the good skin feel and the very good skin adhesion, the pigment mixture according to the invention is particularly suitable as filler in decorative cosmetics, but also for personal care applications, such as, for example, body lotions, emulsions, soaps, shampoos, etc.

The pigment mixture according to the invention has a stabilizing action, as is desired, for example, in creams, emulsions and lotions.

It goes without saying that the pigment mixture according to the invention can also advantageously be employed for the various applications as a blend with, for example,

    • metal-effect pigments, for example based on iron flakes or aluminium flakes;
    • pearlescent pigments based on metal oxide-coated synthetic mica flakes, natural mica flakes, glass flakes, Al2O3 flakes, Fe2O3 flakes or SiO2 flakes;
    • interference pigments based on metal oxide-coated synthetic mica flakes, natural mica flakes, glass flakes, Al2O3 flakes, Fe2O3 flakes or SiO2 flakes;
    • goniochromatic pigments;
    • multilayered pigments (preferably comprising 2, 3, 4, 5 or 7 layers) based on metal oxide-coated synthetic mica flakes, natural mica flakes, glass flakes, Al2O3 flakes, Fe2O3 flakes or SiO2 flakes;
    • organic dyes;
    • organic pigments;
    • inorganic pigments, such as, for example, transparent and opaque white, colored and black pigments;
    • flake-form iron oxides;
    • carbon black.

The pigment mixture according to the invention can be mixed in any ratio with commercially available pigments and/or further commercially available fillers.

Commercially available fillers which may be mentioned are, for example, natural and synthetic mica, nylon powder, pure or filled melamine resins, talc, glasses, kaolin, oxides or hydroxides of aluminium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, BiOCl, barium sulfate, calcium sulfate, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, carbon, boron nitride and physical or chemical combinations of these substances. There are no restrictions with respect to the particle shape of the filler. It can be, for example, flake-shaped, spherical or needle-shaped, in accordance with requirements.

The pigment mixture according to the invention can of course also be combined in the formulations with any type of cosmetic raw materials and assistants. These include, inter alia, oils, fats, waxes, film formers, preservatives and assistants which generally determine applicational properties, such as, for example, thickeners and rheological additives, such as, for example, bentonites, hectorites, silicon dioxides, Ca silicates, gelatins, high-molecular-weight carbohydrates and/or surface-active assistants, etc.

The formulation comprising the pigment mixture according to the invention can belong to the lipophilic, hydrophilic or hydrophobic type. In the case of heterogeneous formulations having discrete aqueous and non-aqueous phases, the pigment mixture according to the invention may be present in only one of the two phases in each case or alternatively distributed over both phases.

The pH values of the formulations can be between 1 and 14, preferably between 2 and 11 and particularly preferably between 4 and 10.

No limits are set for the concentrations of the pigment mixture according to the invention in the formulation. They can be—depending on the application—between 0.001 (rinse-off products, for example shower gels) and 60%. The pigment mixture according to the invention may furthermore also be combined with cosmetic active compounds. Suitable active compounds are, for example, insect repellents, UV A/BC protection filters (for example OMC, B3, MBC), anti-ageing active compounds, vitamins and derivatives thereof (for example vitamin A, C, E, etc.), self-tanning agents (for example DHA, erythrulose, inter alia) and further cosmetic active compounds, such as, for example, bisabolol, LPO, ectoin, emblica, allantoin, bioflavonoids and derivatives thereof.

The present invention likewise relates to formulations, in particular cosmetic formulations, which, besides the pigment mixture according to the invention, comprise at least one constituent selected from the group of absorbents, astringents, antimicrobial substances, antioxidants, antiperspirants, antifoaming agents, antidandruff active compounds, antistatics, binders, biological additives, bleaches, chelating agents, deodorisers, emollients, emulsifiers, emulsion stabilizers, dyes, humectants, film formers, fillers, fragrances, flavours, insect repellents, preservatives, anticorrosion agents, cosmetic oils, solvents, oxidants, vegetable constituents, buffer substances, reducing agents, surfactants, propellant gases, opacifiers, UV filters and UV absorbers, denaturing agents, viscosity regulators, perfume and vitamins.

The invention also relates to the use of the pigment mixture according to the invention in paints, coatings, printing inks, security printing inks, plastics, ceramic materials, glasses, as tracer, in cosmetic formulations and for the preparation of pigment preparations and dry preparations.

The following examples are intended to explain the invention in greater detail, but without restricting it.

Without further elaboration, it is believed that one skilled in the art can, using the preceding description, utilize the present invention to its fullest extent. The preceding preferred specific embodiments are, therefore, to be construed as merely illustrative, and not limitative of the remainder of the disclosure in any way whatsoever.

In the foregoing and in the examples, all temperatures are set forth uncorrected in degrees Celsius and, all parts and percentages are by weight, unless otherwise indicated.

The entire disclosures of all applications, patents and publications, cited herein and of corresponding German Application No. DE102013012023.3, filed Jul. 19, 2013 are incorporated by reference herein.

EXAMPLES

Example 1

Preparation of Component A

200 g of the spherical SiO2 particles having a D90 value of 4-8 μm are coated with 300-330 g of TiCl4 solution (400 g of TiCl4/I) at a pH of 2-2.5 and subsequently with 300-310 g of sodium water-glass (13-15% by weight of SiO2) at a pH of 7.8-8.2, and the mixture is subsequently stirred. The precipitated amounts of TiO2 and SiO2 are in each case 12-16% by weight, based on the total weight of the coated white particles.

Preparation of Component B

In parallel, 100 g of the spherical SiO2 particles having a D90 value of 4-8 μm are coated in another reaction vessel with 200 g of TiCl4 solution (400 g of TiCl4/I) at a pH of 2-2.5 and subsequently with 100-130 g of FeCl3 solution (218 g of FeCl3) at a pH of 3-3.5, and the mixture is subsequently stirred. The desired color is set (from ochre-yellow to reddish) by in-situ measurements of the Lab values. The precipitated amounts of TiO2 and Fe2O3 are 16-19% by weight and 7-10% by weight respectively, based on the total weight of the coated yellow/reddish particles.

After the coating, the suspension is washed until salt-free, and the particles are filtered off and dried at 110° C. and sieved.

Depending on the desired color of the end product, 2-10% by weight, based on the weight of component A, of these yellow/reddish spherical particles (component B) are added to the suspension of component A, and the mixture is stirred for at least 15 min. After components A and B have settled, the supernatant solution is decanted off, the spherical particles are filtered off and washed until salt-free. After drying at 110° C., 100 g of the end product are calcined at 600° C. for 45 min and sieved.

Depending on the content of component B, hues from apricot (2-4% by weight) via pale pink (5-6% by weight) to strong pink (7-10% by weight) can be set.

The mixing ratio of component A and component B can also be set by weighing out the dry pigments.

Example 2

The mixtures of component A and component B as described in Example 1 can be adjusted in color through the choice of the calcination temperature. Starting at temperatures of 600 to 750° C., the hue shifts increasingly from pink/brownish/apricot into yellowish until the end product appears yellowish/white from 700° C. Pseudobrookite (Fe2TiO5) formation commences here.

Use Examples

Example A1: Eye Shadow Gel

Raw materialINCI[%]
Phase A
Timiron Super Gold(1)MICA, CI 77891 (TITANIUM15.00
DIOXIDE)
Pigment mixture7.00
from Example 1
Carbopol Ultrez 21(2)Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl0.30
Acrylate crosspolymer
Aloe vera powder(3)Aloe Barbadensis0.05
regular 200x
Citric acid(1) Citric Acid0.00
monohydrate
Water,Aqua (Water)55.87
demineralized
Phase B
Triethanolamine(4)Triethanolamine, Aqua (Water) 0.78
90% Care
Germaben II(5) Propylene Glycol, Diazolidinyl1.00
Urea, Methylparaben,
Propylparaben
Glycerin,(1)Glycerin2.00
anhydrous
Water,Aqua (Water)13.00
demineralized
Phase C
Lubrajel DV(6) Propylene Glycol,5.00
Polyglycerylmethacrylate

Preparation

The aloe vera powder is dissolved in the water of phase A, then all pigments and the pigment mixture and the remaining ingredients apart from the Carbopol are added and the mixture is dispersed. A few drops of citric acid are used in order to reduce the viscosity, then the Carbopol is scattered in with stirring. When completely dissolved, the pre-dissolved phase B is slowly stirred in (the mixture is not homogenized), and subsequently phase C is added. If necessary, the pH is adjusted to between 7.0-7.5 using citric acid solution.

A water-based eye shadow gel formulation containing aloe vera is obtained (extremely fast-drying and easy to apply using the fingers).

Sources of Supply

(1) Merck KGaA/Rona®

(2) Noveon

(3) Terry Laboratoires, Inc.

(4) BASF AG

(5) ISP Global Technologies

(6) Guardian

Example A2: Creamy Eye Shadow

Raw materialINCI[%]
Phase A
Colorona Light(1)MICA, CI 77891 (TITANIUM10.00
BlueDIOXIDE)
CI 77510 (FERRIC
FERROCYANIDE)
Pigment mixture15.00
from Example 1
Talc(1) Talc12.00
Phase B
Crodamol PMP(2) PPG-2Myristyl Ether32.80
Propionate
Miglyol 812 N(3)Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride12.00
Syncrowax HGLC(2)C18-36 Acid Triglyceride10.00
Syncrowax HRC(2) Tribehenin3.00
Parteck ® LUB STA(1) Stearic Acid3.00
Antaron V-216(4) PVP/Hexadecene Copolymer2.00
Oxynex ® K liquid(1) PEG-8, Tocopherol, Ascorbyl0.10
Palmitate, Ascorbic Acid,
Citric Acid
Propyl 4-hydroxy- (1)Propylparaben0.10
benzoate

Preparation

Phase B is heated to about 80° C. until everything has melted and cooled to 65° C. with stirring. Then the ingredients of phase A are added with stirring, and the composition is poured into the packaging provided at 65° C., and allowed to cool to room temperature.

Sources of Supply

(1) Merck KGaA/Rona®

(2) Croda GmbH

(3) Sasol Germany GmbH

(4) ISP Global Technologies

Example A3: Face Powder

Raw materialINCI[%]
Phase A
Pigment mixture20.00
from Example 1
Unipure Yellow LC (1)CI 77492 (Iron Oxides)1.20
182
Unipure Red LC(1) CI 77491 (Iron Oxides)0.20
381
Unipure Brown LC(1) CI 77491 (Iron Oxides) 0.30
889CI 77499 (Iron Oxides)
Magnesium(2)Magnesium Stearate2.00
stearate
Talc(2) Talc71.90
Phase B
RonaCare ®(2) Tocopheryl Acetate0.30
all-rac-alpha-
tocopheryl acetate
Perfume oil 200(3)Perfume0.30
529
Eutanol G(4)Octyldodecanol3.70
Propyl 4-hydroxy- (2)Propylparaben0.10
benzoate

Preparation

The constituents of phase A are added to the mixer (for example La Moulinette from Moulinex) and are mixed for 2×10 seconds. The mixture is poured into a beaker, phase B is added, and is stirred in advance using a spatula. The mixture of phase A and phase B is added to the mixer and is processed for 3×10 seconds to give a homogeneous phase.

The pressing pressure for a powder tray having a diameter of 36 mm is about 25 bar.

Sources of Supply

(1) Les Colorants Wackherr

(2) Merck KGaA/Rona®

(3) Fragrance Resources

(4) Cognis GmbH

Example A4: Mattifying Foundation

Raw material INCI[%]
Phase A
Water,Aqua (Water)57.89
demineralized
Pigment mixture6.00
from Example 1
Glycerin (87%(1)Glycerin, Aqua (Water)5.00
extra pure)
RonaCare ® ectoin(1)Ectoin0.30
Keltrol CG-SFT(2)Xanthan Gum0.15
Triethanolamine(3)Triethanolamine, Aqua0.13
90% Care(Water)
Phase B
Kronos 1001(4)CI 77891 (Titanium Dioxide)4.92
Unipure Yellow(5)CI 77492 (Iron Oxides)1.60
LC 182
Unipure Red LC(5)CI 77491 (Iron Oxides)0.20
381
Unipure Brown(5)CI 77491 (Iron Oxides) 0.20
LC 889CI 77499 (Iron Oxides)
Unipure Blue LC(5)CI 77007 (Ultramarin Blue)0.08
686
Phase C
Miglyol 812N(6)Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride7.00
Eutanol G(7)Octyldodecanol4.00
Montanov 202(8)Arachidyl Alcohol, Behenyl4.00
Alcohol, Arachidylglucoside
Avocado oil(9)Persea Gratissima (Avocado2.00
Oil)
Eusolex ® 9020(1)Butyl1.50
Methoxydibenzoylmethane
Hydrolite-5(10)Pentylene Glycol1.20
Bentone gel(11)Stearalkonium Hectorite,1.00
GTCC VPropylene Carbonate,
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
RonaCare ®(2)Tocopheryl Acetate0.50
all-rac-alpha-
tocopheryl
acetate
Phenonip(12)Phenoxyethanol,0.40
Butylparaben, Ethylparaben,
Propylparaben,
Methylparaben
Oxynex ® K liquid(1)PEG-8, Tocopherol, Ascorbyl0.03
Palmitate, Ascorbic Acid,
Citric Acid
Phase D
Simulgel EG(8)Sodium Acrylate/Sodium0.60
Acryloyldimethyltaurate
Copolymer, Isohexadecane,
Polysorbate 80
Phase E
Water,Aqua (Water)1.00
demineralized

Preparation

Keltrol is added slowly to the water of phase A and is dispersed. The remaining constituents of phase A are scattered in with stirring. The constituents of phase B are added to phase A and homogenized using the Ultra-Turrax T25 (red-blue setting, 13500-20500 rpm) for 3 min and check for agglomerates. Phase A/B and phase C are heated separately to 75° C. Phase C is added to phase A/B with stirring and homogenized for 2 min using the Ultra-Turrax T25 (yellow-green setting, 8000-9500 rpm). Phase D is added at between 55 and 60° C., phase E is added at 40° C., and cooled to room temperature with further stirring; the pH is adjusted to 7.0 using 30% citric acid, and is transferred into suitable containers.

A light, slightly opaque foundation is obtained which is suitable for all skin types. Avocado oil, vitamin E acetate and cell-protecting RonaCare® ectoin support the skin-care action.

Sources of Supply

(1) Merck KGaA/Rona®

(2) C.P. Kelco

(3) BASF AG

(4) Kronos International Inc.

(5) Les Colorants Wackherr

(6) Sasol Germany GmbH

(7) Cognis GmbH

(8) Seppic

(9) Gustav Heess GmbH

(10) Symrise

(11) Elementis Specialities

(12) Clariant GmbH

Example A5: Body Lotion

Raw materialINCI[%]
Phase A
Aloe vera gel 10x (1)ALOE BARBADENSIS2.00
decolorised
D-Panthenol(2)PANTHENOL0.40
Pigment mixture6.00
from Example 1
RonaCare ®(3)ALLANTOIN0.20
allantoin
Glycerin,(3)GLYCERIN4.00
anhydrous
Water,AQUA (WATER)67.57
demineralized
Phase B
Protelan AGL(4)SODIUM COCOYL6.00
95/CGLUTAMATE
Cosmacol EMI(5)DI-C12-13 ALKYL MALATE3.00
Eutanol G(6)Octyldodecanol3.00
Jojoba oil(7)SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS1.50
(JOJOBA OIL)
Tegosoft TN(8)C12-15 Alkyl Alkyl benzoate1.50
Carbopol ETD(9)Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate0.60
2020Crosspolymer
Phenonip(10)Phenoxyethanol, Butylparaben,0.60
Ethylparaben, Propylparaben,
Methylparaben
RonaCare ®(3)Bisabolol0.50
bisabolol
RonaCare ® all-(3)Tocopheryl Acetate0.50
rac-alpha-
tocopheryl
acetate
Oxynex ® ST liquid(3)Diethylhexyl0.50
Syringylidenemalonate,
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
Cremophor RH(11)PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor 0.30
410Oil
Oxynex ® K liquidPEG-8, Tocopherol, Ascorbyl0.03
Palmitate, Ascorbic Acid, Citric
Acid
Phase C
Perfume oil(12) Perfume0.50
Lifetime
DH10255/1
Phase D
Water,Aqua (Water)1.00
demineralized
Germal 115(13)Imidazolidinyl Urea0.30

Preparation

The aloe vera and RonaCare® allantoin are pre-dissolved in the water of phase A with stirring, then the other constituents of phase A are added and heated to 60° C. The jojoba oil, Oxynex K liquid, Cosmacol EMI, Eutanol G and Tegosoft TN are added into a stirred vessel, then the Carbopol is incorporated homogeneously using the disperser disc (about 700 rpm, 20 min). Then the remaining constituents of phase B are added, and everything is stirred to give a homogeneous mixture, adding the Protelan AGL 95/C right at the end of phase B in order to prevent excessive incorporation of air. Phase A is incorporated into phase B (RT) at 60° C. with the aid of the disperser disc. Add phases C and D, then homogenized for 4 min using the Ultra-Turrax T50, speed 4, and cooled to room temperature.

pH (23° C.)=5.5-6.0

Viscosity: Brookfield DV II+Helipath, spindle C, 5 rpm, 24° C.=11200 mP·s

Sources of Supply

(1) Terry Laboratoires

(2) Alfa Aesar GmbH & Co. KG

(3) Merck KGaA/Rona®

(4) Zschimmer & Schwarz GmbH & Co.

(5) Nordmann, Rassmann GmbH & Co.

(6) Cognis GmbH

(7) Gustav Heess GmbH

(8) Evonik Goldschmidt GmbH

(9) Noveon

(10) Clariant GmbH

(11) BASF AG

(12) Parfex

(13) ISP Global Technologies

The preceding examples can be repeated with similar success by substituting the generically or specifically described reactants and/or operating conditions of this invention for those used in the preceding examples.

From the foregoing description, one skilled in the art can easily ascertain the essential characteristics of this invention and, without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, can make various changes and modifications of the invention to adapt it to various usages and conditions.