Title:
Method of generating hydrogen in gasoline using an enerceutical product added to magnesium in a hydrogen permeable but solute impermeable container
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The combustion of gasoline can be facilitated by the addition of molecular hydrogen. The hydrogen can be generated by placing into the gasoline a hydrogen generating device, such as a mixture of metallic magnesium and EH-101 (HB-101) containing solution, whereby the device allows for the selective passage of the generated hydrogen but restricts the passage of magnesium and EH-101 (HB-101) components. This partitioning of hydrogen from EH-101 (HB-101) components is achieved by using reverse osmosis membrane, low density gasoline resistant plastic material or low molecular weight cutoff dialysis membrane to create a sealed container of the magnesium and EH-101 (HB-101) components, which can be placed into the gasoline. The EH-101 (HB-101) can be initially placed into a breakable inner compartment within the hydrogen permeable container. This compartment can be easily broken by simple squeezing just prior to placing the device into the gasoline that is intended to have its hydrogen content increased. The increased hydrogen content in the gasoline can be assessed by the increased rate of combustion of the gasoline.



Inventors:
Martin, William John (South Pasadena, CA, US)
Application Number:
12/218812
Publication Date:
01/21/2010
Filing Date:
07/18/2008
Primary Class:
International Classes:
C10L1/12
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
PO, MING CHEUNG
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
William, John Martin (1634 Spruce Street, South Pasadena, CA, 91030, US)
Claims:
What I claim as my invention is:

1. A method for increasing the hydrogen content of gasoline by reacting magnesium particles with EH-101 solution within a closed container that is placed into the fuel tank of a car; the said container being constructed from a material that allows for the selective passage of hydrogen into the water, while preventing magnesium or the EH-101 components present within the container from entering into the gasoline.

2. The method of claim 1 in which the amounts of magnesium mineral and of EH-101 are sufficient to provide enough hydrogen to increase the speed of combustion of a given quantity of gasoline.

3. The method of claim 1 in which the amounts of magnesium mineral and of EH-101 are sufficient to provide enough hydrogen to decrease the amount of soot generated from the combustion of a given quantity of gasoline.

4. The method of claim 1 in which the container is constructed from a membrane suitable for the reverse osmosis of water because of its ability to block the passage of EH-101 components while allowing for the passage of hydrogen.

5. The method of claim 1 in which the container is constructed from a low density gasoline resistant plastic membrane that has the ability to block the passage of EH-101 components while allowing for the passage of hydrogen.

6. The method of claim 1 in which the container is constructed from a low molecular weight cutoff dialysis membrane that has the ability to block the passage of EH-101 components while allowing for the passage of hydrogen.

7. The method of claim 1 in which the solution used to generate hydrogen in the presence of magnesium particles is HB-101, rather than EH-101.

8. The method of claim 1 in which the solution used to generate hydrogen in the presence of magnesium particles comprises other organic compounds within the chemical categories of terpenes, terpenoids and phenolics, as derived from plants.

9. The method of claim 1 in which the EH-101 is packaged into a breakable inner compartment within the hydrogen permeable container, such that the inner compartment maintains separation of the EH-101 from the magnesium particles until the inner compartment is broken by squeezing, which is performed just prior to placing the hydrogen permeable container into the gas tank of an engine.

10. The method of claim 1 in which the magnesium particles are in the form of metal shavings.

11. The method of claim 1 in which the magnesium particles are in the form of a metallic powder.

Description:

CROSS REFERENCE TO CO-PENDING APPLICATIONS

Method of Generating Hydrogen in Drinking Water Using an Enerceutical Product Added to Magnesium in a Hydrogen Permeable but Solute Impermeable Container Submitted Jun. 14, 2008

Method of Generating Hydrogen and of Selectively Transferring the Generated Hydrogen to Drinking Water as a Potential Source of Alternative Cellular Energy (ACE). Submitted Jun. 8, 2008

REFERENCES TO PUBLISHED ARTICLES ON AN ALTERNATIVE CELLULAR ENERGY PATHWAY

    • 1 Martin W J. Alternative cellular energy pigments mistaken for parasitic skin infestations. Exp. Mol. Path 78: 212-214, 2005.
    • 2 Martin W J. Alternative cellular energy pigments from bacteria of stealth virus infected individuals. Exp. Mol. Path 78: 217-217, 2005.
    • 3 Martin W J. Progressive Medicine. Exp Mol Path 78: 218-220, 2005.
    • 4 Martin W J, Stonebumer J. Symptomatic relief of herpetic skin lesions utilizing an energy based approach to healing. Exp. Mol. Path 78: 131-4, 2005.
    • 5 Martin W J. Etheric Biology. Exp Mol Path 78: 221-227, 2005.
    • 6 Martin W J. Stealth Virus Culture Pigments: A Potential Source of Cellular Energy. Exp. Mol. Pathol. 74: 210-223, 2003.
    • 7 Martin W J. Complex intracellular inclusions in the brain of a child with a stealth virus encephalopathy. Exp. Mol. Pathol. 74: 179-209, 2003.
    • 8 Martin W J. Photons and phonons: Theoretical aspects of biophysics and potential therapeutic applications. Proceeding of Neural Therapy Workshop on Sound and Light Therapy, Seattle, Wash., Feb. 21-23, 2003.

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

Not applicable: No Federal funding was received in support of this patent application.

REFERENCE TO SEQUENCE LISTING, A TABLE OR A COMPUTER PROGRAM LISTING COMPACT DISK APPENDIX

Not applicable.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The invention is based on the following broad conceptual understanding on how gasoline may be modified to enhance its energy providing properties upon combustion and possibly also its stability upon storage. Gasoline is essentially a complex mixture of some 500 hydrocarbon species, generally in the range of molecules with from 3-12 carbon atoms and mostly fully saturated, i.e. with monovalent (single) carbon to carbon bonds. When the vapor from these volatile hydrocarbons is compressed by an upward moving piston into a closed cylinder and then ignited in the presence of oxygen, the energy of the carbon to carbon and carbon to hydrogen bonds is released as light, heat and a rapid expansion in volume (explosion). The latter energy is used to force the downward movement of the piston. By connecting a series of pistons to a rotary shaft, it is possible to achieve continuous up and down movements of the pistons and to capture the net force for useful work, such as driving a car. While the vast majority of the hydrocarbons in gasoline are saturated molecules (alkanes), various unsaturated hydrocarbons (alkenes with carbon to carbon double bonds and alkynes with carbon to carbon triple bonds) are present and account for much of the black smoke that forms when gasoline is ignited in an open flame. Combustion of these molecules is incomplete and some of the resulting products are considered quite toxic, in contrast to the carbon dioxide and water that results from the complete combustion of the carbon and hydrogen atoms, respectively of alkanes.

Gasoline also contains various complex additives, including antioxidants that are designed to help prevent oxidation of alkanes to alkenes and components to help prevent ignition due simply to compression, as occurs with diesel.

Gasoline is refined from oil through distillation processes that remove the larger molecular weight and less volatile components. With the growing uncertainty of continued sources of oil, much consideration has been given to gasoline substitutes. Combustible hydrogen gas holds particular promise since the only product is water. Hydrogen gas can be provided into a combustion engine, either as the sole source of fuel or as a partial substitute for the total dependency on hydrocarbons as combustible material. The hydrogen gas can be generated directly within a car or obtained from filling stations, in much the same way as gasoline is dispensed. In car production methods generally involve electrolysis of water, which can also serve as a non-air source of oxygen. Hydrogen gas can also be generated from water using highly reactive alkaline metals and metal hydrides.

I have approached the production of hydrogen for a different direction and primarily as a means of adding molecular hydrogen (as opposed to hydrogen gas) to water for human, animal and plant consumption. The direction I have taken is based on the realization that living creatures have an alternative cellular energy (ACE) pathway that is distinct from the energy provided by oxidative phosphorylation of ingested food. Data discussed elsewhere have implicated molecular hydrogen as an important component of the ACE pathway. An observation leading to this hypothesis is the robust production of molecular hydrogen, (and subsequent hydrogen gas) when magnesium particles are exposed to a farming product from Japan, termed HB-101.

The same product is provided as a dietary supplement for human use and is called EH-101. I have categorized such substances as enerceuticals, since they clearly provide an energy source to enhance the vitality of plants, animals and humans. They have therapeutic benefits that are not restricted to any particular disease or group of diseases, but are generally beneficial to patients with a wide range of illnesses. Another characteristic is that enerceuticals do not have to physically localize to the site of disease pathology, but can create energy fields that enhance the performance of cells throughout the body. Recent studies, suggest that enerceuticals can both directly and indirectly stimulate molecular hydrogen production throughout the body. Note the distinction is made between molecular hydrogen and hydrogen gas, which results from the joining of two hydrogen atoms to form hydrogen gas in an exothermic (energy losing) reaction. The increase in the levels of molecular hydrogen is expressed as reducing activity in redox reactions. Consumption of molecular hydrogen enriched water can have noticeable health benefits similar to that achieved by ingesting certain enerceuticals.

As noted above, the enerceutical EH-101 produces hydrogen especially in the presence of magnesium particles. I am now regularly preparing drinking water in which I place a device containing magnesium particles plus EH-101. The device is permeable to the generated hydrogen molecules but impermeable to the magnesium particles or components of the EH-101. Further details on EH-101 are provided in the co-pending patent application entitled “Method of Generating Hydrogen in Drinking Water Using an Enerceutical Product Added to Magnesium in a Hydrogen Permeable but Solute Impermeable Container.” Submitted Jun. 14, 2008. This pending patent and all of the others listed above are included into this patent application by reference.

As mentioned in the cited co-pending application, the methods used to enhance the levels of hydrogen in drinking water are also of potential use in other types of fluids. An interesting question is could molecular hydrogen have a beneficial effect on the combustion, or possible long term storage of gasoline. The latter is suggested since molecular hydrogen is considered to be a very efficient anti-oxidant. The present application addresses the first issue of a potential change in the combustion of gasoline in which a hydrogen producing device is added.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention describes a simple means of generating hydrogen within gasoline of potential benefit for the combustion and long term storage of the gasoline. The method is essentially similar to that being used to selectively add molecular hydrogen to drinking water. The hydrogen is generated within a container that is permeable to hydrogen but impermeable to the materials used to generate the hydrogen. In the described methods, the containers comprised either a package made from low pressure reverse osmosis membrane (Item ACM4, obtained from Trisep Corporation, Goleta, Calif.), or a Spectra/Por cellulose ester disposable dialysis device with a 100 molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) of 100. (Spectrum Laboratories, Inc. Rancho Dominguez, Calif. Model 135474.) Magnesium particles were added to each type of device and, just before use, they were filled with EH-101 and sealed. They were then placed into jars containing regular gasoline (87 octane). At varying times samples of the treated gasoline were obtained and compared with gasoline to which no device was added. The comparisons mainly consisted of added a set quantity to individual charcoal briquettes, igniting with a flame and observing and timing the quality and duration of the resulting flame. Noticeable differences were detectable between the treated and control gasoline samples. In particular, it appeared that the treated gasoline provided a more intense flame of actual lesser duration that the control flame and with less black smoke. Additional studies are underway using additional test and control gasoline and other hydrocarbon samples. The essence of the invention is a method to enrich gasoline with molecular hydrogen in such a manner to change some of the gasoline characteristics.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Not Applicable and none included

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In a specific embodiment, a low pressure reverse osmosis membrane (ACM4, Trisep Corp. Goleta Calif.) was folded into a cylinder and its sides and bottom sealed with tape. Approximately 1 gram of magnesium particles (shavings) was added. The remaining space within the cylinder was then filled with 5 ml of EH-101. The top was folded down and tightly sealed with tape. The sealed container was placed into an 8 oz jar filled with regular gasoline. The lid of the jar was closed and left for 1 hour. Approximately 0.5 ml was removed using a transfer pipette at varying times thereafter. The gasoline was applied to a charcoal briquette and lit with a fireplace lighter. The intensity, duration and other characteristics of the resulting flame was observed. Direct comparisons were made using gasoline in a similar jar, but to which nothing had been added. While difficult to quantify, the impression was gained through repeated efforts that the treated gasoline yielded a slightly more intense and less sooty smoke than the untreated gasoline. Somewhat more quantifiable, was the duration of the flame. Using a smaller transfer pipette, the duration of the burning of the control gasoline was consistently longer than that of the treated gasoline, e.g. 60 verses 50 seconds. Unlike in water, there was no appearance of actual small gas bubbles in the gasoline.

The experiments were redone using a small cellulose ester dialysis device that can hold only 0.5 ml fluid. The device used has a screw cap and a transparent dialysis membrane. Several magnesium particles were added and the remaining space filled with EH-101. The device was placed into a jar of gasoline. Close observations confirmed the production of hydrogen bubbles within the dialysis tubing but not within the gasoline. After 3 hours, the observation was again made of an apparent more intense, but shorter lasting flame with slightly less black soot formation. An effort was made to record the heat of combustion using a digital thermometer but the heat threshold of the instrument was exceeded when directly placed over the flame and was too variable when held at a distance from the flame.

Only after seeing such results, did I begin to read about flame speeds of gasoline as possibly being enhanced in the presence added hydrogen gas. Seemingly, gasoline enriched with hydrogen atoms may be potentially able to transmit a bursting flame faster than gasoline because of the smaller size of the hydrogen atoms compared to the relatively large hydrocarbon molecules. Such comments are relatively sparse among the large literature pertaining to using hydrogen as an independent source of combustible materials in engine modified automobiles.

The next series of experiments will be to test whether the apparent heightened intensity of the combustion flame translates to a more rapid and intense expansion of a hydrogen enriched gasoline upon spark ignition as in a motor vehicle. Another test is whether hydrogen enriched gasoline will show less oxidation (shown by color and less energy conversion efficiency) over time. It is certainly possible that the generated hydrogen can convert some of the double and triple carbon to carbon bonds in alkenes and alkynes, respectively to monovalent carbon to carbon bonds.

It is noteworthy that the described approach to enhancing the molecular hydrogen content of gasoline is fundamentally different from the widespread consideration of using hydrogen as the sole combustible fuel or as an independent additional source of fuel to compliment that being provided by gasoline (or ethanol/methanol). The present invention predicated on the argument and preliminary demonstration that molecular hydrogen can, by itself, alter the combustion property of gasoline.

In a preferred embodiment, one can prepare a hydrogen generating device for insertion into a fuel tank of a car. The device could be linked to a chain or other such means attached to an accessible part of the car, such as the fuel cap, so it could be retrieved as necessary and replaced with a new device. The EH-101 can be maintained separate from the magnesium in the device prior to the time of its intended use, by simply placing the EH-101 into an inner compartment within the device that can be easily broken by squeezing. Similarly, it may be advantageous to modify the timing of the compression, and spark plug ignition to maximize the full benefits of the addition of the generated molecular hydrogen to gasoline. The optimal amounts of EH-101 and of magnesium particles (or powder) to alter the combustion and storage characteristics of gasoline and the duration of the beneficial effects can be determined by simple experimentation.

Additional embodiments and modifications will readily occur to those skilled in the art and especially upon practicing the currently described methods. Various methods of generating molecular hydrogen in drinking water have been described by the inventor, including the use of magnesium in contact with magnesium chloride. The production of hydrogen enriched gasoline is not restricted to the end user but can be applied during earlier production and storage stages. Nor is magnesium the only metal suitable for this purpose, or EH-101, the only suitable enerceutical. Variations and changes may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention encompassed by the appended claims.