Title:
HEAT EXCHANGER
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A heat exchanger has plural tubes, an inlet tank, a fin, and an outlet tank. Each tube has a dimple structure for inducing a turbulent flow of heat exchange fluid flowing through each tube, thereby increasing heat exchange performance. The dimples of each tube satisfy the following formula:

8.80<thesumAdimpleoftheproductofawidthdandadepthhofeachdimplealengthLofthetube×aheightHofthetube×100<13.60




Inventors:
Jeon, Young-ha (Daejeon, KR)
Kim, Ki-hong (Daejeon, KR)
Lee, Jung-jae (Daejeon, KR)
Application Number:
12/441800
Publication Date:
12/24/2009
Filing Date:
09/18/2007
Assignee:
HALLA CLIMATE CONTROL CORP. (Daejeon, KR)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F28F13/12
View Patent Images:
Related US Applications:



Primary Examiner:
SOULE, IAN B
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LOWE HAUPTMAN HAM & BERNER, LLP (1700 DIAGONAL ROAD, SUITE 300, ALEXANDRIA, VA, 22314, US)
Claims:
1. A heat exchanger, comprising: a plurality of tubes 20 arranged in parallel at regular distances so they in the same direction as a ventilation direction through which a heat exchange medium is adapted to flow; an inlet tank in which the heat exchange medium is adapted to be introduced and then distributed to the plurality of tubes; a fin interposed between the tubes so as to increase contact surface with air passing between the tubes; and an outlet tank in which the heat exchange medium flowing through the tubes is adapted to be collected and then discharged, each of the tubes including a dimple protruding from an inside surface of the tube, and when the total sectional area Adimiple of the dimples of each tube is expressed as the sum of the product of the width d and depth h of each dimple and the cross sectional area of each tube is expressed as the product of a length L and height H of each tube, the following formula is satisfied: 8.80<thesumAdimpleoftheproductofawidthdandadepthhofeachdimplealengthLofthetube×aheightHofthetube×100<13.60

2. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, wherein the depth h of each dimple and the height H of each tube satisfy the following formula: 0.25<adepthhofthedimpleaheightHofthetube<0.4

3. The heat exchanger according to claim 2, wherein a plurality of the dimples are arranged in a transverse direction to form rows on upper and lower surfaces of each tube, the upper dimple row and the lower dimple row of each tube 20 being alternately arranged along the length of each tube.

4. The heat exchanger according to claim 3, wherein the dimples of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are also arranged alternately along the width of the tube so that the dimples of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are not aligned with each other, and one of the dimples of the lower dimple row being disposed between two adjacent dimples of the upper dimple row, and one of the dimples of the upper dimple row being also disposed between two adjacent dimples of the lower dimple row.

5. The heat exchanger according to claim 3, wherein the number of dimples of the upper dimple row of each tube is the same as the number of dimples of the lower dimple row of each tube.

6. The heat exchanger according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of the dimples are arranged in a transverse direction to form rows on upper and lower surfaces of each tube, and the upper dimple row and the lower dimple row of each tube being alternately arranged along the length of each tube.

7. The heat exchanger according to claim 6, wherein the dimples of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are also arranged alternately along the width of the tube so that the dimples of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are not aligned with each other, and one of the dimples of the lower dimple row being disposed between two adjacent dimples of the upper dimple row, and one of the dimples of the upper dimple row being also disposed between two adjacent dimples of the lower dimple row.

8. The heat exchanger according to claim 7, wherein the number of dimples of the upper dimple row of each tube is the same as the number of dimples of the lower dimple row of each tube.

Description:

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a heat exchanger, more particularly, to a heat exchanger with a tube having a dimple structure by which a turbulent flow is generated in the tube, thereby increasing a heat exchanging performance.

BACKGROUND ART

FIG. 1 is a view showing a general cooling and heating system of a vehicle. In a vehicle engine 1, high temperature and high pressure gas is ignited and burned. Therefore, if leaving the vehicle engine 1 as it is, it will be overheated and a metallic material used in constructing the engine 1 is melted and thus a cylinder, a piston and the like may be damaged seriously. To prevent such damage, as shown in FIG. 1, a water jacket (not shown) in which cooling water is stored is formed around the cylinder of the vehicle engine 1 and the cooling water is circulated through a radiator 2 or a heater core 3 by a water pump 5 so as to cool the engine 1. The cooling water may be not passed through the heater core 3, but directly returned to the water jacket through a bypass circuit 6 according to the purpose of heating and cooling. At this time, a thermostat 4 is provided in a passage for the cooling water so as to function as a control device for preventing the overheating of the engine 1 by controlling an opening/closing degree of the passage on the basis of a temperature of the cooling water.

The radiator 2 is a kind of heat exchanger for radiating heat of the cooling water which is heated by heat of the engine 1 while being circulated in the engine 1. The radiator 2 is disposed in an engine room of the vehicle and provided with a cooling fan at a center portion thereof so as to cool a radiator core. Further, the heater core 3 is a part of an air conditioner of the vehicle and also functions as the kind of heat exchanger for supplying warm air to an inside of the vehicle using the high temperature cooling water which absorbs the heat generated from the engine 1 while being circulated in the engine 1. In the heater core 3, the high temperature cooling water which is heated by the heat of the engine 1 is passed through a fin and a tube of the heater core 3 so as to transfer the heat to air supplied from the outside, thereby providing the warm air to the inside of the vehicle.

In order to properly heat the inside of the vehicle, a heat exchange performance of the heater core should be increased. However, in case that the heat exchanger is installed in the vehicle, it is difficult to change a basic structure of the heat exchanger, like a size or a position of an inlet/outlet port for a heat exchange medium due to problems of connection with other parts as well as limitation of an inner space of the engine room. In order to increase an amount of radiant heat without change of the basic structure of the heat exchanger, typically, a design for increasing a cross-sectional area of the tube in which the heat exchange is substantially performed and thus increasing a flow rate in the tube is employed. However, if the cross-sectional area of the tube is increased, a laminar flow is generated at a low flow rate condition, and thus there is a problem that the amount of radiant heat is reduced. Japanese Laid-Open Publication No. 1996-136176 (hereinafter, called as “cited reference”) had planed to improve the heat radiation performance by numerically limiting the tube and fin. In the cited reference, the laminar flow area is always maintained at a running speed of 60 Km/h or less so as to reduce a wide difference of the heating performance between when the vehicle is running at 60 Km/h or more and when the vehicle is in an idling state, thereby improving the heating performance. However, since the laminar flow is generated at the low flow rate condition, as described above, the heat exchange performance is deteriorated.

DISCLOSURE

Technical Problem

An object of the present invention is to provide a heat exchanger in which a turbulent flow is generated early at the low flow rate condition, thereby securing an optimum heat exchange performance.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an optimum design range for each element constructing a heat exchanger tube so as to satisfy the optimum heat exchange performance.

Technical Solution

In order to achieve the above objects, there is provided a heat exchanger comprising a plurality of tubes 20 which are arranged in parallel at regular distances to be parallel with a ventilation direction and through which a heat exchange medium is flowed; an inlet tank 11 in which the heat exchange medium is introduced and then distributed to the plurality of tubes 20; a fin 30 which is interposed between the tubes 13 so as to increase a contact surface with air passing between the tubes 20; and an outlet tank 12 in which the heat exchange medium flowed through the tubes 20 is collected and then discharged, wherein a dimple 21 is formed in each of the tubes 20 so as to be protruded to an inside of the tube 20, and when a total sectional area Adimiple of the dimples 21 is expressed as sum of the product of a width d and a depth h of each dimple 21 and a sectional area of the tube 20 is expressed as the product of a length L and a height H of the tube 20, a following formula is satisfied:

8.80<thesumAdimpleoftheproductofawidthdandadepthhofeachdimplealengthLofthetube×aheightHofthetube×100<13.60

Preferably, the depth h of the dimple 21 and the height H of the tube 20 satisfy a following formula:

0.25<adepthhofthedimpleaheightHofthetube<0.4

Preferably, the plurality of dimples which are arranged in a transverse direction so as to form a row are formed at upper and lower surfaces of the tube 20, and the upper dimple row and the lower dimple row of the tube 20 are alternately arranged along the length of the tube 20.

Preferably, the dimples 21 of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are also arranged alternately along the width of the tube 20 so that the dimples 21 of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are not coincided with each other, and one of the dimples 21 of the lower dimple row is disposed between two adjacent dimples 21 of the upper dimple row, and one of the dimples 21 of the upper dimple row is also disposed between two adjacent dimples 21 of the lower dimple row.

Preferably, the number of dimples 21 of the upper dimple row of the tube 20 is the same as the number of dimples 21 of the lower dimple row of the tube 20.

ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS

According to the present invention, since a turbulent flow is generated early even when a flow rate condition of the heat exchange medium in the heat exchanger tube is unfavorable, it is possible to increase the heat exchange performance and also optimize the heat exchange performance at all of the flow rate conditions. Furthermore, it is possible to easily design a shape and a dimension of the dimple for the optimal heat exchange performance by regulating a flowing property of the fluid, thereby saving labor, cost, time and the like.

DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of preferred embodiments given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a view showing a general cooling and heating system of a vehicle.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a heat exchanger.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view and cross-sectional views of a tube having a dimple structure.

FIG. 4 is a view showing a fabricating method of the tube having the dimple structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a view showing dimensions of the dimple and tube.

FIG. 6 is a view showing an effective area of the heat exchanger.

FIG. 7 is a graph showing a heat exchange performance per effective area with respect to each factor.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF MAIN ELEMENTS

100:heat exchanger10:tank
11:inlet tank12:outlet tank
20:tube30:fin
21:dimple22:partition wall

Best Mode

Hereinafter, the embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to accompanying drawings.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a heat exchanger 100. A heat exchange medium is flown in the heat exchanger 100, and the heat exchanger 100 includes a plurality of tubes 20 which are arranged in parallel at regular distances to be parallel with a ventilation direction, and tanks 10 which are respectively coupled to both ends of the tubes 20. The tanks 10 are divided into an inlet tank 11 in which the heat exchange medium is introduced and then distributed to the plurality of tubes 20 and an outlet tank 12 in which the heat exchange medium moved through the tubes 20 is collected and then discharged. Fins 30 are provided between the tubes 20 so as to increase a contact surface area with air flowing between the tubes 20. As described above, the heat exchange medium is introduced through an inlet port of the inlet tank 11, collected in the outlet tank 12 through the tubes 20 and then discharged through an outlet port of the outlet tank 12. While the heat exchange medium is flowed through the tubes 20, heat exchange is occurred between the heat exchange medium received in the tubes 20 and the external air through the tubes 20 and the fins 30 interposed between the tubes 20.

Hereinafter, the heat exchange phenomenon occurred in the heat exchanger will be described briefly. First of all, the heat exchange is occurred by convection between the heat exchange medium in the tubes 20 and inner surfaces of the tubes 20, and the heat is transferred from the inner surfaces of the tubes 20 to outer surfaces of the tubes 20 and the fins 30. Finally, the heat exchange is occurred between the outer surfaces of the tubes 20 and the fins 30 and the external air by the convection. As described above, the heat exchange phenomenon occurred in the heat exchanger depends on the convective heat exchange, and a heat exchange amount also depends on the contact surface area and flow rate. Particularly, the heat exchange between the heat exchange medium and the tubes 20 is performed more smoothly when the heat exchange medium is under a turbulent flow condition. Therefore, it will be easily understood that the heat exchange performance is increased if the turbulent flow of the heat exchange medium is forcibly generated in the tubes 20.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view and cross-sectional views of a tube having a dimple structure. In the tube 20, there are formed a dimple 21 which is protruded into the tube 20 and a partition wall 22 which partitions the inside of the tube 20 along a length of the tube 20. As described above, the dimple 21 functions to form the turbulent flow of the heat exchange medium received in the tube 20. FIG. 3b is a cross-sectional view of the tube 20 taken along a line A-A′ of FIG. 3a, and FIG. 3c is a cross-sectional view of the tube 20 taken along a line B-B′. At upper and lower surfaces of the tube 20, there are formed the plurality of dimples which are arranged in a transverse direction so as to form a row. The upper dimple row and the lower dimple row are alternately arranged along the length of the tube 20. Further, the dimples 21 of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are also arranged alternately as shown in FIGS. 3b and 3c. In other words, one of the dimples 21 of the lower dimple row is disposed between two adjacent dimples 21 of the upper dimple row, and one of the dimples 21 of the upper dimple row is also disposed between two adjacent dimples 21 of the lower dimple row so that the dimples 21 of the upper dimple row and lower dimple row are not coincided with each other. Preferably, the number of dimples 21 of the upper dimple row is the same as the number of dimples 21 of the lower dimple row. The turbulent flow can be generated more smoothly by such structure.

FIG. 4 is a view showing a fabricating method of the tube having the dimple structure and the partition wall according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4a, the dimples 21 are formed in a material (e.g., metal plate) of the tube by a pressing process or other process. Referring to FIGS. 4a and 4b, A part becomes the lower surface of the tube 20, C1 and C2 parts are bent to form side surfaces thereof, B1 and B2 parts become the upper surface thereof, and D1 and D2 are bent at a boarder line between B1 and B2 so as to be protruded into the inside of the tube 20 and thus form the partition wall 22. If the tube 20 is fabricated by the bending process, the upper surface A and the lower surface B1 and B2 are opposite to each other. Therefore, when forming the dimples in the material of the tube 20, all of the dimples 21 are formed to be protruded in the same direction and thus directed to the inside of the tube 20. Of course, the tube 20 having the dimples 21 or the dimples 21 and partition wall 22 may be formed by other method.

FIG. 5 is a view showing dimensions of the dimple and tube. Assuming that a width of the tube 20 is L, a height is H, a width of the dimple 21 is di and a height is hi, the sum of sectional areas of the dimples 21 with respect to a section of a specific position in the tube 20 having the plurality of dimples 21 is expressed as follows:

Adimple=i=1Ndi·hi[Formula1]

wherein Adimiple is an approximate sectional area value of the total dimples 21, N is the number of dimples 21 per sectional area, and di and hi are a width and a depth of the i-th dimple 21, respectively.

In the tube having the dimple structure, the dimensions of the dimple and tube which directly affect to the heat exchange performance and thus has a specific correlation with each other is expressed as follows:

AdimpleL×H,hH[Formula2]

Since the actual heat exchange is performed between the heat exchange medium in the tube 20 and the external air while the external air passes between the tubes 20, the heat exchange is substantially performed at the surface area of the tube 20 and the fin 30 perpendicular to a flowing direction of the external air.

This surface area is the effective surface area Sff as shown in FIG. 6. In order to express the heat exchange performance regardless of a size of the heat exchanger, a valuation of the heat exchange performance is obtained by only the effective surface area Sff. Assuming that the heat exchange amount which is substantially generated is Q, the heat exchange amount QAe per effective surface area is expressed as follows:

QAe=QSeff[Formula3]

Since the present invention provides a dimension relationship between the tube 20 and the dimple 21 capable of maximizing the heat exchange performance per effective surface area, the heat exchange performance per effective surface area is estimated on the basis of the heat exchange amount Q0 per effective surface area which is a requirement in a vehicle. The heat exchange performance η per effective surface area is expressed as follows:

η=QAeQ0[Formula4]

FIG. 7 is a graph showing a heat exchange performance per effective area with respect to each factor, wherein FIG. 7a shows a change of η with respect to Adimiple/L×H and FIG. 7b shows a change of η with respect to h/H. A large Adimiple value means that many dimples are formed per sectional area of the tube 20. The more the dimples are formed, the more the turbulent flow is generated. However, if the dimples are formed excessively and thus the Adimiple value approaches the sectional area (L×H) of the tube, a sectional area of the passage for the heat exchange medium is too small and thus the heat exchange medium can not flow smoothly therethrough. As described above, in case that a resistance is increased, a heat exchange coefficient is reduced, thereby reducing the heat exchange performance. Therefore, it will be understood that the Adimiple value should be established at a proper ratio with respect to the sectional area (L×H) of the tube. FIG. 7a shows that such tendency is actually confirmed by experiment. Referring to FIG. 7a, when the value of Adimiple/(L×H) is 8.80˜13.60, the heat exchange performance η per effective surface area is optimized. Therefore, from this it is possible to deduce the relationship between the dimensions of the tube and dimple per sectional area so as to optimize the heat exchange performance η per effective surface area.

FIG. 7b shows the change of the heat exchange performance η with respect to the relationship between the depth h and height H of the dimple. According as the ration of h/H is increased (i.e., the depth of the dimple is increased relatively), the heat exchange performance is gradually increased and then reduced from a peak point. Referring to FIG. 7b, when the value of h/H is 0.25˜0.4, the heat exchange performance η per effective surface area is optimized. On the basis of the graphs of FIGS. 7a and 7b, it is possible to design an optimal width and depth of the dimple with respect to a width and height of a certain tube so as to optimize the heat exchange performance η per effective surface area.

Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the conceptions and specific embodiments disclosed in the foregoing description may be readily utilized as a basis for modifying or designing other embodiments for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention. Those skilled in the art will also appreciate that such equivalent embodiments do not depart from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

According to the present invention, since a turbulent flow is generated early even when a flow rate condition of the heat exchange medium in the heat exchanger tube is unfavorable, it is possible to increase the heat exchange performance and also optimize the heat exchange performance at all of the flow rate conditions. Furthermore, it is possible to easily design a shape and a dimension of the dimple for the optimal heat exchange performance by regulating a flowing property of the fluid, thereby saving labor, cost, time and the like.