Title:
Mud-Plastered House
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
Disclosed therein is a mud-plastered house, which is built by performing the steps of: mounting connectors doubly inside and outside pillars for connecting the pillars forming a framework of the house so as to form a wall body; and filling spaces formed between the connectors with clay filler, thereby providing solidity. The mud-plastered house has the wall body formed by performing the steps of: mounting connectors doubly centering pillars forming a basic frame of the house; filling spaces formed between the connectors with clay filler consisting of clay and sawdust; coating a clay composition on the surface of the connectors; covering a net type mesh on the clay composition; and coating clay paint on the mesh.



Inventors:
Song, Yong Do (Gyeongsangnam-do, KR)
Application Number:
11/922300
Publication Date:
12/17/2009
Filing Date:
06/22/2006
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E04F13/04
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
A, PHI DIEU TRAN
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Rudolph Jr., Buchel Law Office OF J. (P. O. BOX 702526, DALLAS, TX, 75370-2526, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A mud-plastered house comprising a wall body built by performing the steps of: mounting pillars which form a basic frame of the house; mounting connectors doubly centering the pillars between the connectors; and filling spaces formed between the connectors with clay filler, the clay filler including clay and sawdust.

2. The mud-plastered house according to claim 1, wherein the clay filler comprises 4 to 6 parts by weight of clay, and 3 to 5 parts by weight of sawdust.

3. The mud-plastered house according to claim 1, wherein the pillars and the connectors are made of wood.

4. The mud-plastered house according to claim 1, wherein the pillar is an iron frame, and the connector is iron netting.

5. The mud-plastered house according to claim 4, wherein an iron plate having a plurality of through holes is mounted instead of the wire netting.

6. The mud-plastered house according to claim 1, wherein a clay composition consisting of clay, sawdust, water and soluble adhesive is coated on the inner and outer wall surfaces and the inner floor surface of the wall body, a net type mesh is covered on the clay composition, and then, clay paint is coated on the mesh.

7. The mud-plastered house according to claim 6, wherein the inner wall surface and floor are coated with a coating agent after the clay paint is completely dried.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a mud-plastered house, and more particularly, to a mud-plastered house, which is constructed by filling a wall body having pillars and connectors with clay filler.

A mud-plastered house constructed in Korea is helpful for a human body by providing natural residential environments since it is built of yellow earth, which is easy to be obtained in Korea, and naturally provides a heat insulating effect since yellow earth has excellent temperature-adjustable function due to soil's property, adjusts the inside humidity due to its air absorbing and emitting functions, and provides natural heating and cooling effects due to its function to effectively prevent introduction of hot or cold outside air.

Moreover, the mud-plastered house provides excellent soundproof effect since sound is not echoed, and excellent mothproof effect by preventing inhabitation of insects.

However, in spite of the above-mentioned advantages of yellow earth, it is difficult to spread the mud-plastered house built of yellow earth since there are many regions in the world where yellow earth does not exist, it is nearly impossible to build high-storied buildings due to yellow earth's structural problem and property that yellow earth is weak to water, and a mud-plastered wall is frequently cracked. So, the mud-plastered house built of yellow earth cannot be widely constructed.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of essential parts of a prior art mud-plastered house, and FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a wall body of the prior art mud-plastered house. As shown in FIG. 1, the typical mud-plastered house is built by performing the steps of: making holes in the centers of pillars 10 which are the basic frame of the house; inserting and mounting connectors 12 into the holes of the pillars 10 for horizontally connecting the pillars 10 with each other, whereby a frame of a wall body is. configured; and plastering yellow earth on inner and outer surfaces of the connectors in a uniform thickness to form the wall body. However, the wall body configured as the above may be occasionally destroyed due to a typhoon or an earthquake since its framework is not strong.

Moreover, as you can see from FIG. 2 showing the sectional view of the wall body of a building, a heat insulating material 13, a dehumidifying film 14, timber 15, a gypsum board 16, and wall paper 17 are constructed in order, and so the prior art mud-plastered house has several problems in that temperature-proof, sound-proof, vapor-proof, and moth-proof effects are deteriorated, and in that much time is consumed and it is difficult to buy materials since the above various materials are necessary.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a mud-plastered house which is easy to obtain materials all over the world, and which has a strong wall body built of clay or yellow earth helpful to a human body.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a mud-plastered house which shows a natural color without additional inside treatment by coating it with clay paint or yellow earth paint as a finishing material.

To achieve the above objects, the present invention provides a mud-plastered house comprising a wall body built by performing the steps of: mounting pillars which form a basic frame of the house; mounting connectors doubly centering the pillars between the connectors; and filling spaces formed between the connectors with clay filler, the clay filler including clay and sawdust.

Moreover, the pillars and the connectors are made of wood. Alternatively, the pillar is an iron frame, and the connector is iron netting. In addition, an iron plate having a number of through holes may be mounted instead of the wire netting.

Furthermore, the clay filler comprises 4 to 6 parts by weight of clay, and 3 to 5 parts by weight of sawdust, and it is preferable that the inner wall surface and floor are coated with a coating agent after the clay paint has been completely dried.

It is preferable that a clay composition consisting of clay, sawdust, water and soluble adhesive is coated on the inner and outer wall surfaces and the inner floor surface of the wall body, a net type mesh is covered on the clay composition, and then, clay paint is coated on the mesh.

The mud-plastered house according to the present invention has a strong wall body since the connectors for horizontally connecting the pillars are mounted doubly centering the pillars between the connectors, thereby preventing destruction due to a typhoon or an earthquake and prolonging the lifespan.

Furthermore, the mud-plastered house according to the present invention enhances heat insulating effect and sound absorbing effect since clay filler is filled between the connectors.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of essential parts of a prior art mud-plastered house;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a wall body of the prior art mud-plastered house;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of pillars and connectors of a part of a wall of a mud-plastered house according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a part of the wall of the mud-plastered house according to the first preferred embodiment;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a wall body of the mud-plastered house according to the first preferred embodiment;

FIG. 6 is a partially sectional view of a side of the mud-plastered house according to the first preferred embodiment;

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of an iron frame and wire netting according to a mud-plastered house according to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of an iron frame and an iron plate according to a mud-plastered house according to a third preferred embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of pillars and connectors of a part of a wall of a mud-plastered house according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a part of the wall of the mud-plastered house according to the first preferred embodiment, FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a wall body of the mud-plastered house according to the first preferred embodiment, FIG. 6 is a partially sectional view of a side of the mud-plastered house according to the first preferred embodiment, FIG. 7 is a perspective view of an iron frame and wire netting according to a mud-plastered house according to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 8 is a perspective view of an iron frame and an iron plate according to a mud-plastered house according to a third preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Soil is classified into gravel, sand, clay, and so on according to sizes and classifications, and soil used in the present invention is clay. Clay means soil, which is decomposed to a diameter of 0.01 mm or less due to weathering of rocks and is distributed all over the world.

As shown in FIG. 3, pillars 20, which are the basic frame of the mud-plastered house according to the present invention, are mounted at regular intervals according to a design drawing, and then, connectors 22 are mounted for horizontally connecting the pillars with each other. When the connectors 22 are mounted on the pillars 20, differently from the prior arts, the connectors 22 are installed doubly inside and outside the pillars 20, so that spaces are formed between the inner and outer connectors 22.

As described above, the connectors 22 are mounted doubly centering the pillars 20 between the connectors 22, a wall body of the mud-plastered house has excellent solidity. Moreover, it is preferable that the pillars 20 and the connectors 22 are made of wood, which is a natural material.

As shown in FIG. 4, the pillars 20 and the connectors 22 are mounted in a latticed form, respectively receive power dispersed at points of a-h, and disperse power at each point when external power is applied to the pillars 20 and the connectors 22.

Therefore, even though great shock from external power due to an earthquake, a typhoon, or a sea-quake is applied to the wall body, the shock or power is dispersed to each point, whereby the mud-plastered house according to the present invention is strong and not destroyed.

A mesh 26 mounted on a clay composition 25 also disperses power to the. whole mud-plastered house, so that the mud-plastered house can get stronger.

The space formed between the connectors 22 is filled with clay filler 24. The clay filler 24 consists of clay and sawdust as a main ingredient, and alcohol added to the clay and sawdust, and more concretely, comprises 4 to 6 parts by weight of clay, 3 to 5 parts by weight of sawdust, and 0.8 to 1.2 parts by weight of alcohol, and instead of clay, yellow earth may be used.

Clay is deteriorated in viscosity when its content is used in an amount of less than 4 parts by weight, but is severely cracked during drying when its content is used in an amount of more than 6 parts by weight. An amount of the sawdust causes results contrary to the results of clay.

Here, it is preferable that wet clay and wet sawdust are used. In this instance, the wet clay and the wet sawdust mean clay and sawdust of a natural state, which have water content of 20-60%. Moreover, sawdust used in the present invention may be powder generated when wood is filed or planed with a saw or a plane, or wood powder made by finely crushing wood.

The clay filler 24 is made by mixing clay and sawdust with each other, so that the clay is not cracked during drying of the clay since a distance between clay particles and sawdust particles is narrow and a void ratio is low. Here, since sawdust has good water content ratio and heat storage effect, it can maintain humidity uniformly inside a building and serve as a bubble bed which increases heat insulating force during finishing work of the building. So, mud-plastered house built of the clay filler 24 is higher in heat insulating effect than a mud-plastered house built of only clay.

When the spaces formed between the connectors 22 are filled with the clay filler 24, alcohol is quickly evaporated so as to reduce a construction period of time epoch-makingly, and the clay filler 24 is quickly hardened by deteriorating binding force of water particles contained in clay and sawdust. That is, alcohol is nothing but a kind of a hardening accelerator, and hardening accelerator of another kind may be used instead of alcohol.

After the spaces formed between the connectors 22 are filled with the clay filler 24, the clay composition 25 prepared by mixing 7.8 to 8.2 parts by weight of clay, 1.9 to 2.1 parts by weight of sawdust, 5.8 to 6.2 parts by weight of water, and 1 part of weight of soluble adhesive is coated on the outer wall and the inner wall of the house in the thickness ranging from 2 cm to 5 cm.

In addition, the floor of the house is coated with a clay composition prepared by mixing 6.8 to 7.2 parts by weight of clay, 1.4 to 1.6 parts by weight of sawdust, 5.8 to 6.2 parts by weight of water, and 1 part by weight of soluble adhesive.

Like the clay filler, it would be appreciated that the clay composition may use yellow earth instead of clay.

Next, the mesh 26 is made of a synthetic resin material of a net form. The mesh 26 is covered on the surface of the clay composition 25 coated on the outer wall, the inner wall, and the floor of the house, and then evenly daubed with a plasterer's trowel used for construction, then particles of the clay composition 25 running out among holes of the mesh 26 cover the surface of the mesh 26 and closely contact with the clay composition 25. Not shown in the drawings, but it is clear that the clay composition and the mesh are in close contact with each other also on the floor of the house.

Finally, when clay paint 28 is coated on the mesh 26, the wall body and the floor of the mud-plastered house are finished. The clay paint 28 is made by mixing clay refined several times and a soluble adhesive with each other, and a mixing ratio may be varied according to a wanted color. The clay paint 28 may use yellow earth instead of clay.

As described above, after the mesh 26 is mounted on the clay composition 25, when the clay paint 28 is coated on the mesh 26, it can prevent cracks generated when the clay paint 28 is dried.

After the clay paint 28 is completely dried, when the inner wall and the floor surface of the house are treated smoothly and a coating agent 30 is coated thereon, other interior materials such as wall paper may not be used due to the intrinsic color of clay or yellow earth.

Furthermore, the roof of the mud-plastered house according to the present invention is built by performing the steps of: mounting the pillars 20 and the connectors 22 as shown in FIG. 6; filling the clay filler 24 between the connectors 22 to form the wall body of the house; coating the clay composition on the clay filler 24 like the wall surface; covering the net type mesh after coating the clay composition; and coating the clay paint on the mesh, which is the same as a construction process of the wall body.

The mud-plastered house having the above configuration has a stronger wall body than that of the prior art mud-plastered house since the connectors for connecting the pillars are mounted doubly centering the pillars, provides excellent heat insulating and sound absorbing effects since the wet type clay filler is filled between the connectors, and is helpful to human bodies since the house is built of not artificial finishing materials but just natural materials.

As mentioned above, the mud-plastered house according to the present invention can reduce heating costs since clay and sawdust provide excellent humidity-adjustable function and heat insulating effect.

Moreover, the mud-plastered house according to the present invention is not restricted to the typical mud-plastered house, and includes buildings of all kinds, such as high-storied buildings, apartments, public facilities, and so on. As shown in FIG. 7, if you want to apply the present invention to the high-storied buildings, such as apartments or public facilities, not the low-storied buildings, iron frames 32 are used in stead of the pillars made of wood, a wire netting 34 in stead of the connectors are mounted to the iron frames 32, and then, spaces formed between the wire netting 34 is filled with the clay filler. Next, the clay composition 25 is coated on the wire netting 34, the net type mesh 26 is covered on the clay composition 25, the clay paint 28 is coated on the surface of the mesh 26, and the coating agent 30 is coated on the wall surface and the floor, which form the inner wall of the house, after the clay paint is completely dried.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of an iron frame and an iron plate according to a mud-plastered house according to a third preferred embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 8, an iron plate 36 having a number of through holes 38 is used instead of the wire netting shown in FIG. 7. The construction method of the mud-plastered house using the iron frame and the iron plate is the same as the mud-plastered house using the wire netting, and so, its description will be omitted.

As described above, the mud-plastered house according to the present invention is not damaged by the typhoon or earthquake and prolongs its lifespan since the house has the strong wall body, and enhances heat insulating and sound absorbing effects since the clay filler is filled between the connectors.